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Differentiation has enabled us to understand why prices in monopolistic markets tend to be higher than in competitive ones. But an understanding of demand elasticity is essential to understanding price determination, not only in the supermarket, but also in markets generally. (Duration 4 minutes 26 seconds). Part of a series of films from the METAL (Mathematics for Economics: enhancing Teaching and Learning) project that show how partial differentiation and integration are used to gain constructive insights into economics as a discipline. They are fundamental building blocks for a course of mathematics for economics. These video clips and animations can be viewed in isolation, or via the learning pathway links to related materials in a Question Bank.

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This graduate-level course focuses on one-dimensional nonparametric statistics developed mainly from around 1945 and deals with order statistics and ranks, allowing very general distributions. For multidimensional nonparametric statistics, an early approach was to choose a fixed coordinate system and work with order statistics and ranks in each coordinate. A more modern method, to be followed in this course, is to look for rotationally or affine invariant procedures. These can be based on empirical processes as in computer learning theory. Robustness, which developed mainly from around 1964, provides methods that are resistant to errors or outliers in the data, which can be arbitrarily large. Nonparametric methods tend to be robust. This graduate-level course focuses on one-dimensional nonparametric statistics developed mainly from around 1945 and deals with order statistics and ranks, allowing very general distributions. For multidimensional nonparametric statistics, an early approach was to choose a fixed coordinate system and work with order statistics and ranks in each coordinate. A more modern method, to be followed in this course, is to look for rotationally or affine invariant procedures. These can be based on empirical processes as in computer learning theory. Robustness, which developed mainly from around 1964, provides methods that are resistant to errors or outliers in the data, which can be arbitrarily large. Nonparametric methods tend to be robust.

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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middleton | textanalysis | matrix | interaction | play

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Long culottes with attached top, of fine open weave synthetic fabric in black; printed with a tiny, all-over, stylized floral print in red, yellow, white, green and brown. Wide collar with reveres. Long sleeves fitted at upper arm, full from half way down the upper arm, then gathered into a narrow, buttoned cuff. Button through top, ziped flies, wide flared trousers, separate sash.. Maker: Jaeger. Date: 1970 - 1979 - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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dress | ukoer | design | W000

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Image from ?Northward over the ?Great Ice?: a narrative of life and work along the shores and upon the interior ice-cap of Northern Greenland in the years 1886 and 1891-1897 ? With maps, diagrams, and about eight hundred illustrations?, 002805945 Author: PEARY, Robert Edwin. Volume: 01 Page: 510 Year: 1898 Place: London; printed in America Publisher: Methuen & Co. View this image on Flickr View all the images from this book Following the link above will take you to the British Library?s integrated catalogue. You will be able to download a PDF of the book this image is taken from, as well as view the pages up close with the 'itemViewer?. Click on the 'related items? to search for the electronic version of this work.

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The "small wonders" to which our course will attend are moments of present time, depicted in the verbal and visual media of the modern age: newspapers, novels and stories, poems, photographs, films, etc. We will move between visual and verbal media across a considerable span of time, from eighteenth-century poetry and prose fiction to twenty-first century social networking and microblogging sites, and from sculpture to photography, film, and digital visual media. With help from philosophers, contemporary cultural historians, and others, we will begin to think about a media practice largely taken for granted in our own moment. The "small wonders" to which our course will attend are moments of present time, depicted in the verbal and visual media of the modern age: newspapers, novels and stories, poems, photographs, films, etc. We will move between visual and verbal media across a considerable span of time, from eighteenth-century poetry and prose fiction to twenty-first century social networking and microblogging sites, and from sculpture to photography, film, and digital visual media. With help from philosophers, contemporary cultural historians, and others, we will begin to think about a media practice largely taken for granted in our own moment.

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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PVC tote bag with patchwork-style decoration in greens, reds, yellows and blues. Seam down one side and two handles. Label: Liberty of London and Made in England. Maker: Liberty - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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bag | ukoer | design | W000

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Image from ?Germany and France: a popular history of the Franco-German War. ? Illustrated, etc?, 003090967 Author: RICH, Elihu. Volume: 01 Page: 368 Year: 1870 Place: London Publisher: View this image on Flickr View all the images from this book Following the link above will take you to the British Library?s integrated catalogue. You will be able to download a PDF of the book this image is taken from, as well as view the pages up close with the 'itemViewer?. Click on the 'related items? to search for the electronic version of this work.

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This course is a detailed examination of the grammar of Japanese and its structure which is significantly different from English, with special emphasis on problems of interest in the study of linguistic universals. Data from a broad group of languages is studied for comparison with Japanese. This course assumes familiarity with linguistic theory. This course is a detailed examination of the grammar of Japanese and its structure which is significantly different from English, with special emphasis on problems of interest in the study of linguistic universals. Data from a broad group of languages is studied for comparison with Japanese. This course assumes familiarity with linguistic theory.

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Gold semi-circular earrings with blue ridges - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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earrings | ukoer | design | W000

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This lecture provides sufficient information on the rolling of aluminium and the characteristics of rolled products to ensure that students, users and potential users can understand the production features that affect properties and economics. It shows how, in consequence, alloy choice for an end application depends not only on the characteristics required for that end use but also on semi-fabrication requirements.General knowledge in materials engineering and some knowledge about aluminium alloy constitution and heat treatment is assumed.

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Small desk lamp with cream dome-shaped base and black press button switch. Chrome support which extends in three sections. Small light in white plastic shade which angles up and down.. Date: 1960 (circa) - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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lamp | ukoer | design | W000

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This course examines the opportunities and risks firms face in today's global world. The course provides conceptual tools for analyzing how governments and a variety of social and economic institutions influence competition among firms embedded in different national settings. Public policies and institutions that shape competitive outcomes are examined through cases and analytic readings on different companies and industries operating in both developed and emerging markets.  In addition to traditional case/class discussions, this course will include some presentations by various guest speakers. The hope is that greater exposure to/interaction with these real-world practitioners will "bring to life" some of the issues discussed in the readings/cases. Whenever possible, infor

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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shakespeare | connections | textanalysis

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White octagonal plate with green and black geometric and circular stripes and silver gilt edges. Maker: Shelley - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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plate and saucer | ukoer | design | W000

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How does the global network infrastructure work and what are the design principles on which it is based? In what ways are these design principles compromised in practice? How do we make it work better in today's world? How do we ensure that it will work well in the future in the face of rapidly growing scale and heterogeneity? And how should Internet applications be written, so they can obtain the best possible performance both for themselves and for others using the infrastructure? These are some issues that are grappled with in this course. The course will focus on the design, implementation, analysis, and evaluation of large-scale networked systems. Topics include internetworking philosophies, unicast and multicast routing, congestion control, network quality of service, mobile n

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Black roll-on girdle. Lace frill to lower hem with suspenders. Elastane floral panels at each side with crosswork velvet ribbon and black lace front. Satin panel to back with metal zip to left. Boned and backed with black velvet.. Maker: Christian, Diior - from the The Betty Smithers Design Collection at Staffordshire University.

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roll-on | ukoer | design | W000