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Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Auditing Question Bank

Description

Question Bank for Part Four of Greening Business: An environmental management system (EMS) is a framework designed to help in the management of an organization’s environmental impacts. There are national and international standards for EMS which can lead to accredited certification, for example ISO 140001. All Environmental Management Systems are based around the cycle of: planning what needs to be done, acting on these plans, checking that plans have been acted upon and are effective, and acting to make further improvements. Environmental auditing is an important tool in an Environmental Management System used to demonstrate improvements in environmental performance, identify environmental improvements and recommend areas of improvement. Environmental auditing is broad in scope and

Subjects

performance | improvement | planning | social | ethical | environmental science | geography | business | geesoer | ukoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Environmental Management Systems and Environmental Auditing Activities

Description

Activities for Part Four of Greening Business: An environmental management system (EMS) is a framework designed to help in the management of an organization’s environmental impacts. There are national and international standards for EMS which can lead to accredited certification, for example ISO 140001. All Environmental Management Systems are based around the cycle of: planning what needs to be done, acting on these plans, checking that plans have been acted upon and are effective, and acting to make further improvements. Environmental auditing is an important tool in an Environmental Management System used to demonstrate improvements in environmental performance, identify environmental improvements and recommend areas of improvement. Environmental auditing is broad in scope and inc

Subjects

business | performance | planning | improvement | social | ethical | geography | environmental science | geesoer | ukoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Purchasing Question Bank

Description

Question Bank for Part Eight of Greening Business: Purchasing policies within an organization can play a major part in an organization’s overall environmental impact. Purchasing decisions may range from the sourcing of raw materials for manufacturing through to purchasing of less environmentally harmful cleaning products for use in offices. Purchasing decisions have been traditionally made almost entirely on economic grounds, however, increasingly social, ethical and environmental factors are also being considered. Purchasing of more ‘environmentally friendly’ products also provides a growing market for these types of products, in time reducing costs.

Subjects

business | certification | cost | finance | reduce | material | geography | environmental science | climate change | geesoer | ukoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Environmental Geology

Description

There is now a greater interest in the environment than ever before and we face concerns about the environmental impacts of almost every aspect of our daily lives. Water, soil, air and the biological environment can all be changed dramatically by the activities of industrial societies like our own, not least through mechanisms which are controlled by essentially geological processes. Waste disposal, contamination of land by industry, the impacts of mining, water pollution and even air quality (through the dispersion of airborne mineral particles) are affected by geological processes and phenomena controlled by the composition, distribution, structure and behaviour of the underlying rocks. Everyday environmental problems are thus influenced to a greater or lesser extent by geology. The cour

Subjects

environmental | geology | ukoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Purchasing Session Outline

Description

PowerPoint Prenetation - Part Eight of Greening Business - Purchasing policies within an organization can play a major part in an organization’s overall environmental impact. Purchasing decisions may range from the sourcing of raw materials for manufacturing through to purchasing of less environmentally harmful cleaning products for use in offices. Purchasing decisions have been traditionally made almost entirely on economic grounds, however, increasingly social, ethical and environmental factors are also being considered. Purchasing of more ‘environmentally friendly’ products also provides a growing market for these types of products, in time reducing costs.

Subjects

money | business | certification | waste | transport | ethical | environment | ukoer | geesoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Health and environment

Description

To be able to understand the importance of the environment for our health we need to know a little about the interdependence between environment and humankind. This free course will look at interactions between plants animals and the physical and chemical environment as well as considering ways in which humans have altered and are altering this environment.

Subjects

Health Sciences | health | genetics | biodiversity | pollution | ecology | diversity | global warming | SK220_2

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT)

Description

This course explores the urban environment as a natural phenomenon, human habitat, medium of expression, and forum for action. The course has several major themes: how ideas of nature influence the way cities are perceived, designed, built, and managed; how natural processes and urban form interact and the consequences for human health and welfare; how planners and designers can shape the urban natural environment. Each student researches and presents a case, either historical or an example of contemporary theory and practice.

Subjects

urban nature | city design | urban design | boston | ma | environmental design | landscape architecture | philadelphia | pa | earth | water | air | urban biome | community building | environmental reconstruction | new orleans | la | environmental restoration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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14.42 Environmental Policy and Economics (MIT)

Description

This course explores the proper role of government in the regulation of the environment. It will help students develop the tools to estimate the costs and benefits of environmental regulations. These tools will be used to evaluate a series of current policy questions, including: Should air and water pollution regulations be tightened or loosened? What are the costs of climate change in the U.S. and abroad? Is there a "Race to the Bottom" in environmental regulation? Students will help design and execute a cutting edge research project that tests whether air pollution causes infant mortality. To gain real world experience, the course will include a guest lecture from a former EPA plant inspector and is tentatively scheduled to include a visit to a local polluting plant.

Subjects

economics | policy | environment | environmental economics | public policy | cost-benefit analysis | resource management | government | safety | health | regulation | sustainability | public goods | pollution | taxes | green | risk | liability | industry | kuznets curves | trade | competition | growth | double dividend | accounting | hedonic | valuation | global warming | cost

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | Planning | water supply | sanitation | developing countries | sanitation technologies | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | privatization | consumer demand | community participation | planning processes | environmental health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | case studies | policy memos | journals | environment | sustainability | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.103 Strange Bedfellows: Science and Environmental Policy (MIT)

Description

12.103 explores the role of scientific knowledge, discovery, method, and argument in environmental policymaking from both idealistic and realistic perspectives. The course will use case studies of science-intensive environmental controversies to study how science was used and abused in the policymaking process. Case studies include: global warming, biodiversity loss, and nuclear waste disposal siting. Subject includes intensive practice in the writing and presentation of "position statements" on environmental science issues.

Subjects

environmental policy | policymaking | environmental controversy | global warming | biodiversity loss | nuclear waste disposal | science writing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.947 Sustainable Economic Development (MIT)

Description

This course explores the application of environmental and economic development planning, policy and management approaches to urban neighborhood community development. Through an applied service learning approach, the course requires students to prepare a sustainable development plan for a community-based non-profit organization. Through this client-based planning project, students will have the opportunity to test how sustainable development concepts and different economic and environmental planning approaches can be applied to advance specific community goals within the constraints of specific neighborhoods and community organizations.

Subjects

sustainable development | economic development | brownfields | neighborhoods | market analysis | industrial ecology | green development | economic base analysis | economic indicators | environmental risks | pollution | environmental health | environmental justice | green design | technology transfer | small business development | land use planning

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.32 Environmental Politics and Policy (MIT)

Description

"Environmental Politics & Policy" explores the workings of environmental policymaking in the United States. What are the big issues facing environmental policy? How did we end up with the policies we have today? Why does it take a crisis to move environmental policy forward? Why do political factors - economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections, etc. - always seem to overwhelm sound scientific and engineering judgment in determining policy outcomes? Case studies ranging from cleaning up toxic waste pollution to endangered species protection probe the clashes between science and politics at local, state, and federal levels.

Subjects

environmental policy | environmentalism | Clean Air Act | Clean Water Act | wetlands | endangered species | biodiversity | toxic waste | public lands | urban sprawl | climate change | global warming

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Health and environment

Description

To be able to understand the importance of the environment for our health we need to know a little about the interdependence between environment and humankind. This free course will look at interactions between plants animals and the physical and chemical environment as well as considering ways in which humans have altered and are altering this environment.

Subjects

Health | health | genetics | biodiversity | pollution | ecology | diversity | global warming | SK220_2

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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'Land grab': an environmental issue?

Description

This free course, 'Land grab': an environmental issue?, explores how environmental problems are entangled with economic and political issues and offers tools for making sense of the complexity that results. The case of land grab illustrates how everyday issues such as food prices are caught up in connections that link different places, different people and their livelihoods across the globe; connections that are brought to life in the course through rich audio-visual material and interactive activities. First published on Thu, 02 Feb 2017 as 'Land grab': an environmental issue?. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2017

Subjects

Nature & Environment | DST206_1 | environment | land grab | food prices | land acquisition | global economy

License

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Življenjska okolja Living environments

Description

Učenci utrdijo svoje znanje o različnih življenjskih okoljih (fotografije iz okolice šole in slike iz programa Miška - Okolja). Ob koncu ure prepišejo v zvezek miselni vzorec. Življenjska okolja - priprava Presentation of different living environments - ecosystems (river, forest, meadow, ---)

Subjects

transverzalna vzgoja | cross-curricular education | okoljska vzgoja | environmental education | življenjsko okolje | living environment | ekosistem | ecosystem | reka | river | gozd | forest | travnik | meadow

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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Življenjska okolja - priprava Living environments - lesson plan

Description

Priprava spada k elektronski prosojnici o življenjskih okoljih. Življenjska okolja - prosojnica Lesson plan for presentation of living environments.

Subjects

transverzalna vzgoja | cross-curricular education | okoljska vzgoja | environmental education | življenjsko okolje | living environment | ekosistem | ecosystem | gozd | forest | travnik | meadow | reka | river

License

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15.223 Global Markets, National Policies, and the Competitive Advantages of Firms (MIT) 15.223 Global Markets, National Policies, and the Competitive Advantages of Firms (MIT)

Description

The world is changing in two fundamental ways. First, the development of a truly global market in products, services, capital, and even certain types of labor is changing the basic terms of competition for an array of different firms and industries. Second, the rules and institutions governing the new international economic order are still in flux. National regulations are no longer adequate yet international accords over trade, intellectual property, labor standards, and a host of other issues are fiercely and frequently contested by competing interests. The final results of these debates will determine who wins and who loses in the new global economy. Understanding the interaction between environment and business around the world is the key to understanding both the possibilities for and The world is changing in two fundamental ways. First, the development of a truly global market in products, services, capital, and even certain types of labor is changing the basic terms of competition for an array of different firms and industries. Second, the rules and institutions governing the new international economic order are still in flux. National regulations are no longer adequate yet international accords over trade, intellectual property, labor standards, and a host of other issues are fiercely and frequently contested by competing interests. The final results of these debates will determine who wins and who loses in the new global economy. Understanding the interaction between environment and business around the world is the key to understanding both the possibilities for and

Subjects

globalization | globalization | market economies | market economies | liberal market economies | liberal market economies | state-driven development | state-driven development | emerging markets | emerging markets | intellectual property | intellectual property | ngo | ngo | sustainability | sustainability | trade policy | trade policy | international trade | international trade | labor standards | labor standards | environmental standards | environmental standards

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.019 Design of Ocean Systems (MIT) 2.019 Design of Ocean Systems (MIT)

Description

This course is the completion of the cycle of designing, implementing and testing an ocean system, including hardware and software implementation, that begins with 2.017J. Design lectures are given in hydrodynamics, power and thermal aspects of ocean vehicles, environment, materials and construction for ocean use, electronics, sensors, and actuators. Student teams work within schedule and budget, setting goals, reviewing progress, and making regular and final presentations. Instruction and practice occur in oral and written communication. This course is the completion of the cycle of designing, implementing and testing an ocean system, including hardware and software implementation, that begins with 2.017J. Design lectures are given in hydrodynamics, power and thermal aspects of ocean vehicles, environment, materials and construction for ocean use, electronics, sensors, and actuators. Student teams work within schedule and budget, setting goals, reviewing progress, and making regular and final presentations. Instruction and practice occur in oral and written communication.

Subjects

hydrodynamics | hydrodynamics | power and thermal aspects of ocean vehicles | power and thermal aspects of ocean vehicles | environment | environment | electronics | electronics | sensors | sensors | actuators | actuators | sea-keeping | sea-keeping | hull strength | hull strength | physics of acoustics | physics of acoustics | resistance | resistance | propulsion | propulsion | control surfaces | control surfaces | dynamics | dynamics | feedback control | feedback control | graphical information systems | graphical information systems | GIS | GIS

License

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11.364 International Environmental Negotiation (MIT) 11.364 International Environmental Negotiation (MIT)

Description

The class will explore the obstacles to achieving sustainability; in particular, the difficulties of managing common resources, achieving transboundary pollution control, making tradeoffs between economic and social development needs and environmental resource protection, and harmonizing environmental protection standards. At their core, these problems must be addressed through international or multi-lateral negotiations. We will focus especially on problems of representation and voting, issue linkage, balancing science and politics, and monitoring and enforcement in negotiations of these kinds. We will also examine these issues in light of actual treaty negotiations especially the on-going efforts to implement the Climate Change Convention. The class will operate as a research seminar. Ea The class will explore the obstacles to achieving sustainability; in particular, the difficulties of managing common resources, achieving transboundary pollution control, making tradeoffs between economic and social development needs and environmental resource protection, and harmonizing environmental protection standards. At their core, these problems must be addressed through international or multi-lateral negotiations. We will focus especially on problems of representation and voting, issue linkage, balancing science and politics, and monitoring and enforcement in negotiations of these kinds. We will also examine these issues in light of actual treaty negotiations especially the on-going efforts to implement the Climate Change Convention. The class will operate as a research seminar. Ea

Subjects

Sustainability | Sustainability | Managing common resources | Managing common resources | Transboundary pollution control | Transboundary pollution control | Economic and social development | Economic and social development | Environmental resource protection | Environmental resource protection | Environmental protection standards | Environmental protection standards | International or multi-lateral negotiations | International or multi-lateral negotiations | Representation and voting | Representation and voting | Issue linkage | Issue linkage | Balancing science and politics | Balancing science and politics | Climate Change Convention | Climate Change Convention

License

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11.235 Analyzing Projects and Organizations (MIT) 11.235 Analyzing Projects and Organizations (MIT)

Description

Organizations and their programs often seem, at first glance, chaotic and without order. Students embarking on evaluations and similar research, therefore, feel perplexed when faced with a live organization. This is because we have been taught to expect a certain kind of rationality in the way organizations behave that is often different than that which actually drives them. As a result of this seeming mismatch between what we expect and the actual reality, students of planning and planners, and researchers and professional evaluators, often recoil from the chaos of reality, wondering why the organization is not doing what it is "supposed" to be doing; correspondingly, they often make recommendations for change that are unrealistic, or draw conclusions from evaluations of success or fail Organizations and their programs often seem, at first glance, chaotic and without order. Students embarking on evaluations and similar research, therefore, feel perplexed when faced with a live organization. This is because we have been taught to expect a certain kind of rationality in the way organizations behave that is often different than that which actually drives them. As a result of this seeming mismatch between what we expect and the actual reality, students of planning and planners, and researchers and professional evaluators, often recoil from the chaos of reality, wondering why the organization is not doing what it is "supposed" to be doing; correspondingly, they often make recommendations for change that are unrealistic, or draw conclusions from evaluations of success or fail

Subjects

organizations | organizations | organizational behavior | organizational behavior | government and nongovernment | government and nongovernment | sociology of organizations | sociology of organizations | political science | political science | public administration | public administration | chaotic organizational environments | chaotic organizational environments | implementation experience | implementation experience | analytical skills | analytical skills | projects | projects | and environments | and environments | developing-country and developed-country | developing-country and developed-country

License

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MAS.714J Technologies for Creative Learning (MIT) MAS.714J Technologies for Creative Learning (MIT)

Description

This course explores how new technologies can help people learn new things in new ways. It analyzes principles and strategies underlying the design of innovative educational technologies and creative learning environments, drawing on specific case studies such as the LEGO Programmable Brick and Computer Clubhouse after-school learning centers. The course will include hands-on activities, analysis of learning experiences, and design of new tools and activities. This course explores how new technologies can help people learn new things in new ways. It analyzes principles and strategies underlying the design of innovative educational technologies and creative learning environments, drawing on specific case studies such as the LEGO Programmable Brick and Computer Clubhouse after-school learning centers. The course will include hands-on activities, analysis of learning experiences, and design of new tools and activities.

Subjects

learning | learning | e-learning | e-learning | distance learning | distance learning | educational technology | educational technology | learning environments | learning environments | school | school | pedagogy | pedagogy | instruction | instruction | method | method | education | education | teaching | teaching | teachers | teachers | constructionism | constructionism | toys | toys | innovation | innovation | communities | communities | mentorship | mentorship | play | play | MAS.714 | MAS.714 | STS.445 | STS.445

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.61 Internal Combustion Engines (MIT) 2.61 Internal Combustion Engines (MIT)

Description

This course elaborates on the fundamentals of how the design and operation of internal combustion engines affect their performance, operation, fuel requirements, and environmental impact, study of fluid flow, thermodynamics, combustion, heat transfer and friction phenomena, and fuel properties, relevant to engine power, efficiency, and emissions, examination of design features and operating characteristics of different types of internal combustion engines: spark-ignition, diesel, stratified-charge, and mixed-cycle engines. The project section details the Engine Laboratory project. We have aimed this course for graduate and senior undergraduate students. This course elaborates on the fundamentals of how the design and operation of internal combustion engines affect their performance, operation, fuel requirements, and environmental impact, study of fluid flow, thermodynamics, combustion, heat transfer and friction phenomena, and fuel properties, relevant to engine power, efficiency, and emissions, examination of design features and operating characteristics of different types of internal combustion engines: spark-ignition, diesel, stratified-charge, and mixed-cycle engines. The project section details the Engine Laboratory project. We have aimed this course for graduate and senior undergraduate students.

Subjects

internal combustion engines | internal combustion engines | engine operation | engine operation | engine fuel requirements | engine fuel requirements | environmental impact | environmental impact | fluid flow | fluid flow | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | combustion | combustion | heat transfer and friction phenomena | heat transfer and friction phenomena | fuel properties | fuel properties | power | power | efficiency | efficiency | emissions | emissions | spark-ignition | spark-ignition | diesel | diesel | stratified-charge | stratified-charge | mixed-cycle engine. | mixed-cycle engine.

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.469 Urban Sociology in Theory and Practice (MIT) 11.469 Urban Sociology in Theory and Practice (MIT)

Description

This course is intended to introduce graduate students to a set of core writings in the field of urban sociology. Topics include the changing nature of community, social inequality, political power, socio-spatial change, technological change, and the relationship between the built environment and human behavior. We examine the key theoretical paradigms that have constituted the field since its founding, assess how and why they have changed over time, and discuss the implications of these paradigmatic shifts for urban scholarship, social policy and the planning practice. This course is intended to introduce graduate students to a set of core writings in the field of urban sociology. Topics include the changing nature of community, social inequality, political power, socio-spatial change, technological change, and the relationship between the built environment and human behavior. We examine the key theoretical paradigms that have constituted the field since its founding, assess how and why they have changed over time, and discuss the implications of these paradigmatic shifts for urban scholarship, social policy and the planning practice.

Subjects

urban sociology | urban sociology | core writings | core writings | changing nature of community | changing nature of community | social inequality | social inequality | political power | political power | socio-spatial change | socio-spatial change | technological change | technological change | built environment | built environment | human behavior | human behavior | paradigmatic shifts for urban scholarship | paradigmatic shifts for urban scholarship | urban planning skills and sensibilities | urban planning skills and sensibilities

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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STS.330 History and Anthropology of Medicine and Biology (MIT) STS.330 History and Anthropology of Medicine and Biology (MIT)

Description

This course explores recent historical and anthropological approaches to the study of medicine and biology. Topics include histories of bodies and embodiment in medicine; institutional and social genealogies and futures for genes and genomes; the role of science and medicine in racial formation; epidemics and emergent diseases; new reproductive technologies and socialities; the laboratory and field lives of animals, plants, microbes, molecules, and environments. This course explores recent historical and anthropological approaches to the study of medicine and biology. Topics include histories of bodies and embodiment in medicine; institutional and social genealogies and futures for genes and genomes; the role of science and medicine in racial formation; epidemics and emergent diseases; new reproductive technologies and socialities; the laboratory and field lives of animals, plants, microbes, molecules, and environments.

Subjects

historical medicine | historical medicine | medieval dissection | medieval dissection | gender | gender | visible human project | visible human project | genealogies | genealogies | genome | genome | biological kinship | biological kinship | biology of race | biology of race | race and disease | race and disease | emerging diseases | emerging diseases | human relationship with animals | human relationship with animals | reproductive technologies | reproductive technologies | therapeutics | therapeutics | bioprospecting | bioprospecting | climate change | climate change | environmental technology | environmental technology

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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15.220 International Management (MIT) 15.220 International Management (MIT)

Description

Companies today confront an increasing array of choices of markets, of locations for value adding activities, and of modes of crossing borders. This course focuses on the international dimensions of strategy and organization, and provides a framework for formulating strategies in an increasingly complex world economy, and for making those strategies work effectively. The first section of the course provides the basic frameworks for understanding competitiveness in international business at the level of the industry, location, and firm. These frameworks identify the opportunities presented in a dynamic global environment. But taking advantages of those opportunities faces enormous managerial challenges, and the second section of the course focuses on using and dee Companies today confront an increasing array of choices of markets, of locations for value adding activities, and of modes of crossing borders. This course focuses on the international dimensions of strategy and organization, and provides a framework for formulating strategies in an increasingly complex world economy, and for making those strategies work effectively. The first section of the course provides the basic frameworks for understanding competitiveness in international business at the level of the industry, location, and firm. These frameworks identify the opportunities presented in a dynamic global environment. But taking advantages of those opportunities faces enormous managerial challenges, and the second section of the course focuses on using and dee

Subjects

industry | industry | location | location | firm | firm | competitiveness | competitiveness | dynamic global environment | dynamic global environment | managerial challenges | managerial challenges | analytical tools | analytical tools

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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