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9.93 Marathon Moral Reasoning Laboratory (MIT) 9.93 Marathon Moral Reasoning Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This seminar focuses on the cognitive science of moral reasoning. Philosophers debate how we decide which moral actions are permissible. Is it permissible to take one human life in order to save others? We have powerful and surprisingly rich and subtle intuitions to such questions.In this class, you will learn how intuitions can be studied using formal analytical paradigms and behavioral experiments. Thursday evening, meet to learn about recent advances in theories of moral reasoning. Overnight, formulate a hypothesis about the structure of moral reasoning and design a questionnaire-based experiment to test this. Friday, present and select 1-2 proposals and collect data; we will then reconvene to analyze and discuss results and implications for the structure of the moral mind.This course i This seminar focuses on the cognitive science of moral reasoning. Philosophers debate how we decide which moral actions are permissible. Is it permissible to take one human life in order to save others? We have powerful and surprisingly rich and subtle intuitions to such questions.In this class, you will learn how intuitions can be studied using formal analytical paradigms and behavioral experiments. Thursday evening, meet to learn about recent advances in theories of moral reasoning. Overnight, formulate a hypothesis about the structure of moral reasoning and design a questionnaire-based experiment to test this. Friday, present and select 1-2 proposals and collect data; we will then reconvene to analyze and discuss results and implications for the structure of the moral mind.This course i

Subjects

cognitive science | cognitive science | moral reasoning | moral reasoning | moral actions | moral actions | permissible | permissible | human life | human life | intuition | intuition | analytical paradigm | analytical paradigm | behavioral experiment | behavioral experiment | questionnaire | questionnaire | experiment | experiment | structure of human mind | structure of human mind

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.93 Marathon Moral Reasoning Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This seminar focuses on the cognitive science of moral reasoning. Philosophers debate how we decide which moral actions are permissible. Is it permissible to take one human life in order to save others? We have powerful and surprisingly rich and subtle intuitions to such questions.In this class, you will learn how intuitions can be studied using formal analytical paradigms and behavioral experiments. Thursday evening, meet to learn about recent advances in theories of moral reasoning. Overnight, formulate a hypothesis about the structure of moral reasoning and design a questionnaire-based experiment to test this. Friday, present and select 1-2 proposals and collect data; we will then reconvene to analyze and discuss results and implications for the structure of the moral mind.This course i

Subjects

cognitive science | moral reasoning | moral actions | permissible | human life | intuition | analytical paradigm | behavioral experiment | questionnaire | experiment | structure of human mind

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The discipline of reason: The paralogisms and Antinomies of Pure Reason.

Description

Lecture 8/8. Reason, properly disciplined, draws permissible inferences from the resulting concepts of the understanding. The outcome is knowledge. When rightly employed, the perceptual and cognitive powers match up the right way with the real world and ground the knowledge-claims of the developed sciences. However, there is a strong tendency to stretch these processes beyond the permissible boundaries and seek what Kant refers to as "transcendental ideas" that go beyond the realm of actual or possible experience. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

kant | philosophy | critique of pure reason | kant | philosophy | critique of pure reason

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The discipline of reason: The paralogisms and Antinomies of Pure Reason.

Description

Lecture 8/8. Reason, properly disciplined, draws permissible inferences from the resulting concepts of the understanding. The outcome is knowledge. When rightly employed, the perceptual and cognitive powers match up the right way with the real world and ground the knowledge-claims of the developed sciences. However, there is a strong tendency to stretch these processes beyond the permissible boundaries and seek what Kant refers to as "transcendental ideas" that go beyond the realm of actual or possible experience. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

kant | philosophy | critique of pure reason | kant | philosophy | critique of pure reason

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Ethics of Infant Male Circumcision

Description

In this talk, I argue that non-therapeutic circumcision of infants is unethical, whether performed for reasons of obtaining possible future health benefits, for reasons of cultural transmission, or for reasons of perceived religious obligation. In this talk, I argue that the non-therapeutic circumcision of infant males is unethical, whether it is performed for reasons of obtaining possible future health benefits, for reasons of cultural transmission, or for reasons of perceived religious obligation. I begin with the premise that it should be considered morally impermissible to sever healthy, functional genital tissue from another person's body without first asking for, and then actually receiving, that person's informed consent-otherwise, this action would qualify as a criminal assault. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

circumcision | medical consent | ethics | infants | circumcision | medical consent | ethics | infants

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Astor Keynote Lecture: What Rights May be Defended by Means of War?

Description

Many aims that motivate unjust wars could be achieved without violence if not met with military resistance. So is self-defense against aggression always permissible? Are the values of state sovereignty important enough to justify war in their defense? Wrongful aggressors often claim to love peace, and there is a sense in which that is true, for they would prefer to get what they want without having to fight a war. Many of the aims that motivate unjust wars could be achieved without violence: for example, control of certain natural resources such as oil, limited political control over another state, the annexation of a bit of its territory, and so on. In such cases, war and killing become necessary for aggressors only if they meet with military resistance. If an aggressor's aims were li Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ethics of war

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Are we fighting a just war against the Islamic State?

Description

This question is a little provocative so a clarification is in order. There is a distinction between whether a war is just (jus ad bellum) and whether it is being conducted in a just manner (jus in bello). In the case of IS it is incontrovertible that there is just cause for war. I have argued elsewhere that what is happening in IS occupied territory is attempted genocide. This legitimises military intervention, especially since the Iraqi government has requested help. What I wish to examine here is whether this war is being conducted justly. Just war theory provides us with several principles that limit what is morally permissible in war. There are two principles that give us cause for concern when assessing the intervention against IS: proportionality and non-combatant immunity. The firs

Subjects

Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Institutions | International Relations | Law | Political Theory | Terrorism and Security | The Middle East

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/3.0/

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Weak entity sets

Description

The resource comprises an illustration of resolving three way relationships in ER modelling and the implications for determining the key. Note that the key includes the key for Character, which is itself a weak entity. This is permissible: an entity set may depend upon others, which are themselves weak.

Subjects

databases | entity sets | modelling | data | relationships | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | Mathematical and Computer Sciences | INFORMATION | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | UK EL09 = SCQF 9 | Ordinary degree | NICAT 6 | CQFW 6 | NVQ 5 | SVQ 5 | Ordinary degree | Graduate certific | UK EL10 = SCQF 10 | Honours degree | Graduate diploma | Computer science | I100 | INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY and INFORMATION | C

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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