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11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT) 11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT)

Description

This course introduces incoming students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) program to the theory and history of planning in the public interest. It relies primarily on challenging real-world cases to highlight persistent dilemmas: the power and limits of planning, the multiple roles in which planners find themselves in communities around the globe, and the political, ethical, and practical dilemmas that planners face as they try to be effective. As such, the course provides an introduction to the major ideas and debates that define what the field labels "planning theory," as well as a (necessarily) condensed global history of modern planning. Courses in planning history, politics, and ethics—often several of them—are required in all accredited graduate programs in This course introduces incoming students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) program to the theory and history of planning in the public interest. It relies primarily on challenging real-world cases to highlight persistent dilemmas: the power and limits of planning, the multiple roles in which planners find themselves in communities around the globe, and the political, ethical, and practical dilemmas that planners face as they try to be effective. As such, the course provides an introduction to the major ideas and debates that define what the field labels "planning theory," as well as a (necessarily) condensed global history of modern planning. Courses in planning history, politics, and ethics—often several of them—are required in all accredited graduate programs in

Subjects

planning in the public interest | planning in the public interest | theory and history of planning | theory and history of planning | real world cases | real world cases | limits of planning | limits of planning | approaches to planning | approaches to planning | professional communication | professional communication | planning action | planning action | planned change | planned change | intervention | intervention | wise and fair intervention | wise and fair intervention | city planning | city planning | analysis | analysis | teamwork | teamwork | diversity | diversity | public interest | public interest | cities and societies | cities and societies | values and ethics | values and ethics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.425 Extrasolar Planets: Physics and Detection Techniques (MIT) 12.425 Extrasolar Planets: Physics and Detection Techniques (MIT)

Description

This course covers the basic principles of planet atmospheres and interiors applied to the study of extrasolar planets (exoplanets). We focus on fundamental physical processes related to observable exoplanet properties. We also provide a quantitative overview of detection techniques and an introduction to the feasibility of the search for Earth-like planets, biosignatures and habitable conditions on exoplanets. This course covers the basic principles of planet atmospheres and interiors applied to the study of extrasolar planets (exoplanets). We focus on fundamental physical processes related to observable exoplanet properties. We also provide a quantitative overview of detection techniques and an introduction to the feasibility of the search for Earth-like planets, biosignatures and habitable conditions on exoplanets.

Subjects

extrasolar planets | extrasolar planets | planet atmospheres | planet atmospheres | planet interiors | planet interiors | transiting planets | transiting planets | planet albedos | planet albedos | astrometry | astrometry | gravitational lensing | gravitational lensing | habitable planets | habitable planets

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.472 Building Earth-like Planets: From Nebular Gas to Ocean Worlds (MIT) 12.472 Building Earth-like Planets: From Nebular Gas to Ocean Worlds (MIT)

Description

This course covers examination of the state of knowledge of planetary formation, beginning with planetary nebulas and continuing through accretion (from gas, to dust, to planetesimals, to planetary embryos, to planets). It also includes processes of planetary differentiation, crust formation, atmospheric degassing, and surface water condensation. This course has integrated discussions of compositional and physical processes, based upon observations from our solar system and from exoplanets. Focus on terrestrial (rocky and metallic) planets, though more volatile-rich bodies are also examined. This course covers examination of the state of knowledge of planetary formation, beginning with planetary nebulas and continuing through accretion (from gas, to dust, to planetesimals, to planetary embryos, to planets). It also includes processes of planetary differentiation, crust formation, atmospheric degassing, and surface water condensation. This course has integrated discussions of compositional and physical processes, based upon observations from our solar system and from exoplanets. Focus on terrestrial (rocky and metallic) planets, though more volatile-rich bodies are also examined.

Subjects

planets | planets | planetary formation | planetary formation | nebulas | nebulas | planetesimals | planetesimals | embryos | embryos | dust accretion | dust accretion | atmospheric degassing | atmospheric degassing | surface water | surface water | magma ocean processes | magma ocean processes | volatiles | volatiles | habitability | habitability | biosignatures | biosignatures

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT) 2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT)

Description

This design course targets the solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Topics include the systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes; the role of stress analysis in the design process; anatomic fit, shape and size of implants; selection of biomaterials; instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures; preclinical testing for safety and efficacy, including risk/benefit ratio assessment evaluation of clinical performance and design of clinical trials. Student project materials are drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants. This design course targets the solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Topics include the systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes; the role of stress analysis in the design process; anatomic fit, shape and size of implants; selection of biomaterials; instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures; preclinical testing for safety and efficacy, including risk/benefit ratio assessment evaluation of clinical performance and design of clinical trials. Student project materials are drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants.

Subjects

2.782 | 2.782 | 3.961 | 3.961 | 20.451 | 20.451 | HST.524 | HST.524 | clinical problems | clinical problems | implants | implants | medical devices | medical devices | cell-matrix control volumes | cell-matrix control volumes | stress analysis | stress analysis | anatomic fit | anatomic fit | biomaterials | biomaterials | surgical implantation procedures | surgical implantation procedures | Preclinical testing | Preclinical testing | risk/benefit ratio assessment | risk/benefit ratio assessment | clinical performance | clinical performance | clinical trials | clinical trials | orthopedic devices | orthopedic devices | soft tissue implants | soft tissue implants | artificial organs | artificial organs | dental implants | dental implants | stent | stent | prosthesis | prosthesis | scaffold | scaffold | bio-implant | bio-implant | scar | scar | genetics | genetics | skin | skin | nerve | nerve | bone | bone | tooth | tooth | joint | joint | FDA | FDA | FDA approval | FDA approval | cartilage | cartilage | ACL | ACL | health | health | regulation | regulation | healthcare | healthcare | medicine | medicine | bioengineering | bioengineering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.400 The Solar System (MIT) 12.400 The Solar System (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the study of the solar system with emphasis on the latest spacecraft results. The subject covers basic principles rather than detailed mathematical and physical models. Topics include: an overview of the solar system, planetary orbits, rings, planetary formation, meteorites, asteroids, comets, planetary surfaces and cratering, planetary interiors, planetary atmospheres, and life in the solar system. This is an introduction to the study of the solar system with emphasis on the latest spacecraft results. The subject covers basic principles rather than detailed mathematical and physical models. Topics include: an overview of the solar system, planetary orbits, rings, planetary formation, meteorites, asteroids, comets, planetary surfaces and cratering, planetary interiors, planetary atmospheres, and life in the solar system.

Subjects

solar system | solar system | astronomy | astronomy | planets | planets | sun | sun | planetary orbits | planetary orbits | rings | rings | planetary formation | planetary formation | meteorites | meteorites | asteroids | asteroids | comets | comets | planetary surfaces | planetary surfaces | cratering | cratering | planetary interiors | planetary interiors | planetary atmospheres | planetary atmospheres | life in the solar system | life in the solar system | formation of the solar system | formation of the solar system | Mars | Mars | Pluto | Pluto

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT) 2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT)

Description

Solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes. The role of stress analysis in the design process. Anatomic fit: shape and size of implants. Selection of biomaterials. Instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures. Preclinical testing for safety and efficacy: risk/benefit ratio assessment. Evaluation of clinical performance: design of clinical trials. Project materials drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants. Solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes. The role of stress analysis in the design process. Anatomic fit: shape and size of implants. Selection of biomaterials. Instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures. Preclinical testing for safety and efficacy: risk/benefit ratio assessment. Evaluation of clinical performance: design of clinical trials. Project materials drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants.

Subjects

clinical problems | clinical problems | implants | implants | medical devices | medical devices | cell-matrix control volumes | cell-matrix control volumes | stress analysis | stress analysis | Anatomic fit | Anatomic fit | biomaterials | biomaterials | surgical implantation procedures | surgical implantation procedures | Preclinical testing | Preclinical testing | risk/benefit ratio assessment | risk/benefit ratio assessment | clinical performance | clinical performance | clinical trials | clinical trials | orthopedic devices | orthopedic devices | soft tissue implants | soft tissue implants | artificial organs | artificial organs | dental implants | dental implants | BE.451J | BE.451J | 2.782 | 2.782 | 3.961 | 3.961 | BE.451 | BE.451 | HST.524 | HST.524 | 20.451 | 20.451

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Automated Planning Automated Planning

Description

The course on Automated planning introduces the Artificial Intelligence approach to the planning task. Automated planning is a computational task that, given a domain description (in terms of available actions), an initial state and a set of goals, generates a plan that allows to achieve the goals from the initial state by executing the plan actions. The course on Automated planning introduces the Artificial Intelligence approach to the planning task. Automated planning is a computational task that, given a domain description (in terms of available actions), an initial state and a set of goals, generates a plan that allows to achieve the goals from the initial state by executing the plan actions.

Subjects

ón e Inteligencia Artificial | ón e Inteligencia Artificial | automated planning | automated planning | traditional planning | traditional planning | heuristic planning | heuristic planning | planning | planning | neoclassical planning | neoclassical planning | knowledge control | knowledge control | 2008 | 2008

License

Copyright 2015, UC3M http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

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Industrial utilization of medicinal and aromatic plants Industrial utilization of medicinal and aromatic plants

Description

Medicinal aromatic plants belong to a big plant group with a great interest due to its pharmaceutical, cosmetic and nutritional application. In addition, they are also an alternative to traditional crop with species in high demand at the current international market. It is expected to provide basic knowledge and skills related to production and chemical features of essences and extracts from local plants in Iberian Peninsula. The main purpose of this course is that students have an approach to economical importance, uses, botany and harvested processes of the most significant medicinal aromatic and seasoning specie plants. The objectives of this course are: * To classify and identify aromatic plant, seasonings and medicinal plant. * To understand cultivation techniques and effe Medicinal aromatic plants belong to a big plant group with a great interest due to its pharmaceutical, cosmetic and nutritional application. In addition, they are also an alternative to traditional crop with species in high demand at the current international market. It is expected to provide basic knowledge and skills related to production and chemical features of essences and extracts from local plants in Iberian Peninsula. The main purpose of this course is that students have an approach to economical importance, uses, botany and harvested processes of the most significant medicinal aromatic and seasoning specie plants. The objectives of this course are: * To classify and identify aromatic plant, seasonings and medicinal plant. * To understand cultivation techniques and effe

Subjects

IngenierĂ­a Agroforestal | IngenierĂ­a Agroforestal | medicinal plants | medicinal plants | aromatic plants | aromatic plants | extracts | extracts | active principles | active principles | essential oils | essential oils

License

Copyright 2009, by the Contributing Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies. This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies.

Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibility

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT) 11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT)

Description

This class introduces first semester MCP students to the persistent themes and challenges facing planners. The goals of this class are: to excite students about their chosen profession; to offer a theoretical framework for thinking about the kinds of interventions that planners are expected to take; to introduce students to some of the most interesting and challenging theoretical debates in the planning field; and to press students to think about the best way of using their time to ensure their own personal professional development. This class introduces first semester MCP students to the persistent themes and challenges facing planners. The goals of this class are: to excite students about their chosen profession; to offer a theoretical framework for thinking about the kinds of interventions that planners are expected to take; to introduce students to some of the most interesting and challenging theoretical debates in the planning field; and to press students to think about the best way of using their time to ensure their own personal professional development.

Subjects

planners | planners | challenges facing planners | challenges facing planners | professional development | professional development | planning literature | planning literature | planning practice | planning practice | urban planning | urban planning

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe. This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | Planning | Planning | water supply | water supply | sanitation | sanitation | developing countries | developing countries | sanitation technologies | sanitation technologies | service pricing | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | alternative institutional structures | privatization | privatization | consumer demand | consumer demand | community participation | community participation | planning processes | planning processes | environmental health | environmental health | public health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | low-income households | case studies | case studies | policy memos | policy memos | journals | journals | environment | environment | sustainability | sustainability | pollution | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT) 16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site. Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site.

Subjects

cognitive robotics | cognitive robotics | robotic systems | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | autonomous robots | mars explorers | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time deduction | real-time search | real-time search | temporal planning | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | reasoning | path planning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | mapping | localization | localization | cooperative robotics | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | mars exploration rover | nursebot | nursebot | museum tourguide | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems | human-interaction systems | navigation | navigation | state-aware robots | state-aware robots | fast planning | fast planning | cooperative planning | cooperative planning | vision-based exploration | vision-based exploration | preplanning | preplanning | 16.412 | 16.412 | 6.834 | 6.834

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies. This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies.

Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibility

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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SDASM Aircraft Image SDASM Aircraft Image

Description

Subjects

aviation | aviation | aircraft | aircraft | airplane | airplane | nx431n | nx431n | x431n | x431n | nc431n | nc431n | c431n | c431n | swallowairplanecompany | swallowairplanecompany | swallowairplane | swallowairplane | swallowc165 | swallowc165 | c165 | c165 | wrightaeronautical | wrightaeronautical | wrightj6whirlwind | wrightj6whirlwind | wrightj6 | wrightj6 | j6whirlwind | j6whirlwind | kinnerairplaneandmotorcompany | kinnerairplaneandmotorcompany | kinnerairplanemotorcompany | kinnerairplanemotorcompany | kinnerairplaneandmotorco | kinnerairplaneandmotorco | kinnerairplanemotorco | kinnerairplanemotorco | kinnerradial | kinnerradial | kinner | kinner | kinnerk5 | kinnerk5 | aircraftmanufacturing | aircraftmanufacturing | n431n | n431n

License

No known copyright restrictions

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1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT) 1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT)

Description

This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization. This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization.

Subjects

public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems | public transportation systems | pollution | pollution | infrastructure | infrastructure | government regulation | government regulation | public policy | public policy | strategic planning management | strategic planning management | labor relations | labor relations | maintenance planning | maintenance planning | administration | administration | financing | financing | marketing policy | marketing policy | fare policy | fare policy | management information | management information | decision support systems | decision support systems | transit industry | transit industry | service provision | service provision | private sector | private sector | alternative models of decision-making | alternative models of decision-making | strategic planning | strategic planning | stakeholder valuation and analysis | stakeholder valuation and analysis | government-based regulation and cooperation | government-based regulation and cooperation | transportation enterprise | transportation enterprise | disaster communications | disaster communications | systems safety | systems safety | change management | change management | and the impact of globalization | and the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | 1.223 | 1.223 | ESD.203 | ESD.203

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT) 11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT)

Description

This course introduces persistent themes and challenges facing planners. It emphasizes the historical roots of contemporary urban planning problems and comparative study of practice in the U.S. and other countries. It is a nine week module intended for first semester Master in City Planning students. This course introduces persistent themes and challenges facing planners. It emphasizes the historical roots of contemporary urban planning problems and comparative study of practice in the U.S. and other countries. It is a nine week module intended for first semester Master in City Planning students.

Subjects

planners | planners | challenges facing planners | challenges facing planners | professional development | professional development | planning literature | planning literature | planning practice | planning practice | urban planning | urban planning | negotiation | negotiation | diversity | diversity | washington | washington | dc | dc | boston public housing | boston public housing | presentation | presentation | cooperation | cooperation | washington | dc | washington | dc

License

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11.201 Gateway: Planning Action (MIT)

Description

This course introduces incoming students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) program to the theory and history of planning in the public interest. It relies primarily on challenging real-world cases to highlight persistent dilemmas: the power and limits of planning, the multiple roles in which planners find themselves in communities around the globe, and the political, ethical, and practical dilemmas that planners face as they try to be effective. As such, the course provides an introduction to the major ideas and debates that define what the field labels "planning theory," as well as a (necessarily) condensed global history of modern planning. Courses in planning history, politics, and ethics—often several of them—are required in all accredited graduate programs in

Subjects

planning in the public interest | theory and history of planning | real world cases | limits of planning | approaches to planning | professional communication | planning action | planned change | intervention | wise and fair intervention | city planning | analysis | teamwork | diversity | public interest | cities and societies | values and ethics

License

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11.701 Introduction to International Development Planning (MIT) 11.701 Introduction to International Development Planning (MIT)

Description

This introductory survey course is intended to develop an understanding of key issues and dilemmas of planning in non-western countries. The topics covered in this course will include state intervention, governance, law and institutions in development, privatization, participatory planning, decentralization, poverty, urban-rural linkages, corruption and civil service reform, trade and outsourcing, labor standards, post-conflict development, and the role of aid in development. The course will illuminate current development challenges through published research in the field. The literature is rich, and across many disciplines in the social sciences. Case studies and real world examples through interaction with planning practitioners are drawn from around the world. This introductory survey course is intended to develop an understanding of key issues and dilemmas of planning in non-western countries. The topics covered in this course will include state intervention, governance, law and institutions in development, privatization, participatory planning, decentralization, poverty, urban-rural linkages, corruption and civil service reform, trade and outsourcing, labor standards, post-conflict development, and the role of aid in development. The course will illuminate current development challenges through published research in the field. The literature is rich, and across many disciplines in the social sciences. Case studies and real world examples through interaction with planning practitioners are drawn from around the world.

Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibility

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT) 1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT)

Description

This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization. This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization.

Subjects

public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems | public transportation systems | pollution | pollution | infrastructure | infrastructure | government regulation | government regulation | public policy | public policy | strategic planning management | strategic planning management | labor relations | labor relations | maintenance planning | maintenance planning | administration | administration | financing | financing | marketing policy | marketing policy | fare policy | fare policy | management information | management information | decision support systems | decision support systems | transit industry | transit industry | service provision | service provision | private sector | private sector | alternative models of decision-making | alternative models of decision-making | strategic planning | strategic planning | stakeholder valuation and analysis | stakeholder valuation and analysis | government-based regulation and cooperation | government-based regulation and cooperation | transportation enterprise | transportation enterprise | disaster communications | disaster communications | systems safety | systems safety | change management | change management | and the impact of globalization | and the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | 1.223 | 1.223 | ESD.203 | ESD.203

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20.441 Biomaterials-Tissue Interactions (BE.441) (MIT) 20.441 Biomaterials-Tissue Interactions (BE.441) (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to principles of materials science and cell biology underlying the design of medical implants, artificial organs, and matrices for tissue engineering. Topics include methods for biomaterials surface characterization and analysis of protein adsorption on biomaterials. Molecular and cellular interactions with biomaterials are analyzed in terms of unit cell processes, such as matrix synthesis, degradation, and contraction. It also covers mechanisms underlying wound healing and tissue remodeling following implantation in various organs. Other areas include tissue and organ regeneration; design of implants and prostheses based on control of biomaterials-tissue interactions; comparative analysis of intact, biodegradable, and bioreplaceable implants by reference to This course is an introduction to principles of materials science and cell biology underlying the design of medical implants, artificial organs, and matrices for tissue engineering. Topics include methods for biomaterials surface characterization and analysis of protein adsorption on biomaterials. Molecular and cellular interactions with biomaterials are analyzed in terms of unit cell processes, such as matrix synthesis, degradation, and contraction. It also covers mechanisms underlying wound healing and tissue remodeling following implantation in various organs. Other areas include tissue and organ regeneration; design of implants and prostheses based on control of biomaterials-tissue interactions; comparative analysis of intact, biodegradable, and bioreplaceable implants by reference to

Subjects

medical implants | medical implants | artificial organs | artificial organs | tissue engineering | tissue engineering | matrix | matrix | biomaterials | biomaterials | protein adsorption | protein adsorption | unit cell process | unit cell process | wound healing | wound healing | tissue remodeling | tissue remodeling | tissue regeneration | tissue regeneration | organ regeneration | organ regeneration | prosthesis | prosthesis | biodegradable | biodegradable | bioreplaceable implants | bioreplaceable implants | BE.441 | BE.441 | 2.79 | 2.79 | 3.96 | 3.96 | HST.522 | HST.522

License

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11.201 Gateway to the Profession of Planning (MIT) 11.201 Gateway to the Profession of Planning (MIT)

Description

The purpose of the course is to cultivate the sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice. This objective rests on one key assumption: that a set of key sensibilities creates the right mindset for practice. The purpose of the course is to cultivate the sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice. This objective rests on one key assumption: that a set of key sensibilities creates the right mindset for practice.

Subjects

urban planning | urban planning | profession | profession | regional planning | regional planning | development planning | development planning | city planning | city planning | methodology | methodology | technology | technology | rational comprehensive | rational comprehensive | strategic incrementalist | strategic incrementalist | top down planning | top down planning | globalization | globalization

License

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11.304J Site and Infrastructure Systems Planning (MIT) 11.304J Site and Infrastructure Systems Planning (MIT)

Description

This course is a client-based land analysis and site planning project. The primary focus of the course changes from year to year. This year the focus is on Japan's New Towns. Students will review land inventory, analysis, and planning of sites and the infrastructure systems that serve them. They will also examine spatial organization of uses, parcelization, design of roadways, grading, utility systems, stormwater runoff, parking, traffic and off-site impacts, as well as landscaping. Lectures will cover analytical techniques and examples of good site-planning practice. Requirements include a series of assignments and a client-based project. This course is a client-based land analysis and site planning project. The primary focus of the course changes from year to year. This year the focus is on Japan's New Towns. Students will review land inventory, analysis, and planning of sites and the infrastructure systems that serve them. They will also examine spatial organization of uses, parcelization, design of roadways, grading, utility systems, stormwater runoff, parking, traffic and off-site impacts, as well as landscaping. Lectures will cover analytical techniques and examples of good site-planning practice. Requirements include a series of assignments and a client-based project.

Subjects

site planning | site planning | tama new town | tama new town | japan | japan | site analysis | site analysis | grading principles | grading principles | landscape planning | landscape planning | site inventory and evaluation | site inventory and evaluation | earthwork | earthwork | soils | soils | hydrology | hydrology | storm water | storm water | drainage basins | drainage basins | wetlands | wetlands | water features | water features | development layout | development layout | topography | topography | land use standard | land use standard | streets | streets | planning studio | planning studio

License

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2.853 Manufacturing Systems I: Analytical Methods and Flow Models (MIT) 2.853 Manufacturing Systems I: Analytical Methods and Flow Models (MIT)

Description

Provides ways to conceptualize and analyze manufacturing systems and supply chains in terms of material flow, information flow, capacities, and flow times. Fundamental building blocks: inventory and queuing models, forecasting and uncertainty, optimization, process analysis, linear systems and system dynamics. Factory planning: flow planning, bottleneck characterization, buffer and batch-size tactics, seasonal planning, dynamics and learning for various process flow topologies and for various market contexts.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free  Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark Provides ways to conceptualize and analyze manufacturing systems and supply chains in terms of material flow, information flow, capacities, and flow times. Fundamental building blocks: inventory and queuing models, forecasting and uncertainty, optimization, process analysis, linear systems and system dynamics. Factory planning: flow planning, bottleneck characterization, buffer and batch-size tactics, seasonal planning, dynamics and learning for various process flow topologies and for various market contexts.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free  Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark

Subjects

manufacturing systems | manufacturing systems | supply chains | supply chains | material flow | material flow | information flow | information flow | capacities | capacities | flow times | flow times | Fundamental building blocks | Fundamental building blocks | inventory | inventory | queuing models | queuing models | forecasting | forecasting | uncertainty | uncertainty | optimization | optimization | process analysis | process analysis | linear systems | linear systems | system dynamics | system dynamics | Factory planning | Factory planning | flow planning | flow planning | bottleneck characterization | bottleneck characterization | buffer | buffer | batch-size tactics | batch-size tactics | seasonal planning | seasonal planning | process flow topologies | process flow topologies | market contexts | market contexts

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.967 Special Studies in Urban Studies and Planning: Economic Development Planning Skills (MIT) 11.967 Special Studies in Urban Studies and Planning: Economic Development Planning Skills (MIT)

Description

This intensive and brief 4-day seminar, taught during MIT's Independent Activities Period in January, uses a case set in Hartford, Vermont to introduce economic development planning skills to students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) Degree Program. It introduces analytical tools that are used to assess local economic development conditions, issues, and opportunities as part of formulating economic development plans. The course is designed to provide MCP students with skills needed for applied economic development planning work in other courses, particularly Economic Development Planning (11.438) and Revitalizing Urban Main Streets (11.439). This intensive and brief 4-day seminar, taught during MIT's Independent Activities Period in January, uses a case set in Hartford, Vermont to introduce economic development planning skills to students in the Master in City Planning (MCP) Degree Program. It introduces analytical tools that are used to assess local economic development conditions, issues, and opportunities as part of formulating economic development plans. The course is designed to provide MCP students with skills needed for applied economic development planning work in other courses, particularly Economic Development Planning (11.438) and Revitalizing Urban Main Streets (11.439).

Subjects

local development | local development | economic development | economic development | conditions | conditions | issues | issues | opportunites | opportunites | formulating economic development plans | formulating economic development plans | Hartford | VT | Hartford | VT | economic development plans | economic development plans | urban main streets | urban main streets | development planning | development planning

License

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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT) 8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to physics of the solar system, stars, interstellar medium, the galaxy, and universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.Topics include: planets, planet formation; stars, the Sun, "normal" stars, star formation; stellar evolution, supernovae, compact objects (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), plusars, binary X-ray sources; star clusters, globular and open clusters; interstellar medium, gas, dust, magnetic fields, cosmic rays; distance ladder; galaxies, normal and active galaxies, jets; gravitational lensing; large scaling structure; Newtonian cosmology, dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe; cosmic microwave background radiation; big-bang nucleosynthesis Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to physics of the solar system, stars, interstellar medium, the galaxy, and universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.Topics include: planets, planet formation; stars, the Sun, "normal" stars, star formation; stellar evolution, supernovae, compact objects (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), plusars, binary X-ray sources; star clusters, globular and open clusters; interstellar medium, gas, dust, magnetic fields, cosmic rays; distance ladder; galaxies, normal and active galaxies, jets; gravitational lensing; large scaling structure; Newtonian cosmology, dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe; cosmic microwave background radiation; big-bang nucleosynthesis

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | solar system | stars | stars | interstellar medium | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Galaxy | the Universe | the Universe | planets | planets | planet formation | planet formation | star formation | star formation | stellar evolution | stellar evolution | supernovae | supernovae | compact objects | compact objects | white dwarfs | white dwarfs | neutron stars | neutron stars | black holes | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | star clusters | globular and open clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | binary X-ray sources | gas | gas | dust | dust | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | cosmic rays | galaxy | galaxy | universe | universe | astrophysics | astrophysics | Sun | Sun | supernova | supernova | globular clusters | globular clusters | open clusters | open clusters | jets | jets | Newtonian cosmology | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | dynamical expansion | thermal history | thermal history | normal galaxies | normal galaxies | active galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | Greek astronomy | physics | physics | Copernicus | Copernicus | Tycho | Tycho | Kepler | Kepler | Galileo | Galileo | classical mechanics | classical mechanics | circular orbits | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | electromagnetic radiation | matter | matter | telescopes | telescopes | detectors | detectors | 8.282 | 8.282 | 12.402 | 12.402

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