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Description

This introductory survey course is intended to develop an understanding of key issues and dilemmas of planning in non-western countries. The topics covered in this course will include state intervention, governance, law and institutions in development, privatization, participatory planning, decentralization, poverty, urban-rural linkages, corruption and civil service reform, trade and outsourcing, labor standards, post-conflict development, and the role of aid in development. The course will illuminate current development challenges through published research in the field. The literature is rich, and across many disciplines in the social sciences. Case studies and real world examples through interaction with planning practitioners are drawn from around the world. This introductory survey course is intended to develop an understanding of key issues and dilemmas of planning in non-western countries. The topics covered in this course will include state intervention, governance, law and institutions in development, privatization, participatory planning, decentralization, poverty, urban-rural linkages, corruption and civil service reform, trade and outsourcing, labor standards, post-conflict development, and the role of aid in development. The course will illuminate current development challenges through published research in the field. The literature is rich, and across many disciplines in the social sciences. Case studies and real world examples through interaction with planning practitioners are drawn from around the world.Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibilityLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This class covers quantitative analysis of uncertainty and risk for engineering applications. Fundamentals of probability, random processes, statistics, and decision analysis are covered, along with random variables and vectors, uncertainty propagation, conditional distributions, and second-moment analysis. System reliability is introduced. Other topics covered include Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision, estimation of distribution parameters, hypothesis testing, simple and multiple linear regressions, and Poisson and Markov processes. There is an emphasis placed on real-world applications to engineering problems. This class covers quantitative analysis of uncertainty and risk for engineering applications. Fundamentals of probability, random processes, statistics, and decision analysis are covered, along with random variables and vectors, uncertainty propagation, conditional distributions, and second-moment analysis. System reliability is introduced. Other topics covered include Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision, estimation of distribution parameters, hypothesis testing, simple and multiple linear regressions, and Poisson and Markov processes. There is an emphasis placed on real-world applications to engineering problems.Subjects

fundamentals of probability | fundamentals of probability | random processes | random processes | statistics | statistics | decision analysis | decision analysis | random variables and vectors | random variables and vectors | uncertainty propagation | uncertainty propagation | conditional distributions | conditional distributions | second-moment analysis | second-moment analysis | system reliability | system reliability | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | estimation of distribution parameters | estimation of distribution parameters | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | simple and multiple linear regressions | simple and multiple linear regressions | Poisson and Markov processes | Poisson and Markov processesLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata11.380J Urban Transportation Planning (MIT) 11.380J Urban Transportation Planning (MIT)

Description

This class is an introduction to planning transportation in metropolitan areas. The approach, while rooted on the analytical tools which estimate outcomes and alternatives, is holistic. This means starting from a scan of the site, its history and its current trends, in order to frame properly the problem, including the relevant actors, institutions, roles and interests. The design and evaluation of alternatives considers this complexity, in addition to construction, operation and maintenance issues. The decision-making and implementation process, including the needed feedback mechanisms, focuses as well on the need to build constituencies and alliances. The course topics include the history of urban transportation, highway finance, environmental and planning regulation This class is an introduction to planning transportation in metropolitan areas. The approach, while rooted on the analytical tools which estimate outcomes and alternatives, is holistic. This means starting from a scan of the site, its history and its current trends, in order to frame properly the problem, including the relevant actors, institutions, roles and interests. The design and evaluation of alternatives considers this complexity, in addition to construction, operation and maintenance issues. The decision-making and implementation process, including the needed feedback mechanisms, focuses as well on the need to build constituencies and alliances. The course topics include the history of urban transportation, highway finance, environmental and planning regulationSubjects

transportation planning | transportation planning | infrastructure | infrastructure | Big Dig | Big Dig | ivil engineering | | ivil engineering | | civil engineering | civil engineering | environmental engineering | environmental engineering | urban planning | urban planning | urban transportation | urban transportation | highway finance | highway finance | environmental and planning regulations | environmental and planning regulations | air quality | air quality | modal characteristics | modal characteristics | land use | land use | transportation interaction | transportation interaction | information technologies | information technologies | 11.380 | 11.380 | 1.252 | 1.252 | ESD.225 | ESD.225License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata12.864 Inference from Data and Models (MIT) 12.864 Inference from Data and Models (MIT)

Description

The course is directed at making scientifically sensible deductions from the combination of observations with dynamics and kinematics represented, generically, as "models". There are two overlapping central themesLinear "inverse" methods and data "assimilation" including regression, singular value decomposition, objective mapping, non-stationary models and data, Kalman filters, adjoint methods ("assimilation") etc.Standard time series analysis, including basic statistics, Fourier methods, spectra, coherence, filtering, etc. The course is directed at making scientifically sensible deductions from the combination of observations with dynamics and kinematics represented, generically, as "models". There are two overlapping central themesLinear "inverse" methods and data "assimilation" including regression, singular value decomposition, objective mapping, non-stationary models and data, Kalman filters, adjoint methods ("assimilation") etc.Standard time series analysis, including basic statistics, Fourier methods, spectra, coherence, filtering, etc.Subjects

kinematical and dynamical models | kinematical and dynamical models | Basic statistics | Basic statistics | linear algebra | linear algebra | inverse methods | inverse methods | singular value decompositions | singular value decompositions | control theory | control theory | sequential estimation | sequential estimation | Kalman filters | Kalman filters | smoothing algorithms | smoothing algorithms | adjoint/Pontryagin principle methods | adjoint/Pontryagin principle methods | model testing | model testing | stationary processes | stationary processes | Fourier methods | Fourier methods | z-transforms | z-transforms | sampling theorems | sampling theorems | spectra | spectra | multi-taper methods | multi-taper methods | coherences | coherences | filtering | filtering | quantitative combinations of models | quantitative combinations of modelsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught Autumn Semester 2010/2011. This module assesses changing attitudes to representative politics in the US and UK, specifically political parties and those who lead them, through their representation in films, plays and novels since the C19th. How formal â€“ party - politics is represented in films, novels, short stories, plays and television (note: in this module these five forms are covered by the term 'fiction') is an exciting and growing area of research. This is especially so in the US, but also (slowly but surely) in the UK. While the study of narrowly defined 'political' novels has a long lineage, it is only during the last decade or so that an interest in fictions expressed on the stage This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught Autumn Semester 2010/2011. This module assesses changing attitudes to representative politics in the US and UK, specifically political parties and those who lead them, through their representation in films, plays and novels since the C19th. How formal â€“ party - politics is represented in films, novels, short stories, plays and television (note: in this module these five forms are covered by the term 'fiction') is an exciting and growing area of research. This is especially so in the US, but also (slowly but surely) in the UK. While the study of narrowly defined 'political' novels has a long lineage, it is only during the last decade or so that an interest in fictions expressed on the stageSubjects

UNow | UNow | M13092 | M13092 | ukoer | ukoer | changing attitudes to representative politics in the US and UK | changing attitudes to representative politics in the US and UK | political parties and those who lead them | political parties and those who lead them | films | plays and novels since the C19th | films | plays and novels since the C19th | political novels | political novels | fictionalised politics | fictionalised politics | formal party politics | formal party politics | US and UK politics | US and UK politics | how politics is represented in the arts | how politics is represented in the artsLicense

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)Site sourced from

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This course is  a foundational study of the effects of single and multiple interactions on neutron distributions and their applications to problems across the Nuclear Engineering department - fission, fusion, and RST. Particle simulation methods are introduced to deal with complex processes that cannot be studied only experimentally or by numerical solutions of equations. Treatment will emphasize basic concepts and understanding, as well as showing the underlying scientific connections with current research areas. This course is  a foundational study of the effects of single and multiple interactions on neutron distributions and their applications to problems across the Nuclear Engineering department - fission, fusion, and RST. Particle simulation methods are introduced to deal with complex processes that cannot be studied only experimentally or by numerical solutions of equations. Treatment will emphasize basic concepts and understanding, as well as showing the underlying scientific connections with current research areas.Subjects

neutron distributions | neutron distributions | fission | fission | fusion | fusion | RST | RST | Particle simulation methods | Particle simulation methods | complex processes | complex processes | numerical solutions of equations | numerical solutions of equations | basic concepts | basic concepts | underlying scientific connections | underlying scientific connections | current research areas | current research areas | angular distributions | angular distributions | energy distributions | energy distributions | single collision | single collision | multiple collisions | multiple collisions | neutron interactions | neutron interactions | elastic scattering | elastic scattering | inelastic scattering | inelastic scattering | MCNP | MCNP | Monte Carlo | Monte Carlo | molecular dynamics | molecular dynamicsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT) 16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site. Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site.Subjects

cognitive robotics | cognitive robotics | robotic systems | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | autonomous robots | mars explorers | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time deduction | real-time search | real-time search | temporal planning | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | reasoning | path planning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | mapping | localization | localization | cooperative robotics | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | mars exploration rover | nursebot | nursebot | museum tourguide | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems | human-interaction systems | navigation | navigation | state-aware robots | state-aware robots | fast planning | fast planning | cooperative planning | cooperative planning | vision-based exploration | vision-based exploration | preplanning | preplanning | 16.412 | 16.412 | 6.834 | 6.834License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata18.024 Calculus with Theory II (MIT) 18.024 Calculus with Theory II (MIT)

Description

This course is a continuation of 18.014. It covers the same material as 18.02 (Calculus), but at a deeper level, emphasizing careful reasoning and understanding of proofs. There is considerable emphasis on linear algebra and vector integral calculus.Topics include: Calculus of several variables. Vector algebra in 3-space, determinants, matrices. Vector-valued functions of one variable, space motion. Scalar functions of several variables: partial differentiation, gradient, optimization techniques. Double integrals and line integrals in the plane; exact differentials and conservative fields; Green's theorem and applications, triple integrals, line and surface integrals in space, Divergence theorem, Stokes' theorem; applications. Dr. Lachowska wishes to acknowledge Andrew Brooke-Taylor This course is a continuation of 18.014. It covers the same material as 18.02 (Calculus), but at a deeper level, emphasizing careful reasoning and understanding of proofs. There is considerable emphasis on linear algebra and vector integral calculus.Topics include: Calculus of several variables. Vector algebra in 3-space, determinants, matrices. Vector-valued functions of one variable, space motion. Scalar functions of several variables: partial differentiation, gradient, optimization techniques. Double integrals and line integrals in the plane; exact differentials and conservative fields; Green's theorem and applications, triple integrals, line and surface integrals in space, Divergence theorem, Stokes' theorem; applications. Dr. Lachowska wishes to acknowledge Andrew Brooke-TaylorSubjects

linear algebra | linear algebra | vector integral calculus | vector integral calculus | Calculus of several variables | Calculus of several variables | Vector algebra in 3-space | Vector algebra in 3-space | determinants | determinants | matrices | matrices | Vector-valued functions of one variable | Vector-valued functions of one variable | space motion | space motion | Scalar functions of several variables: partial differentiation | Scalar functions of several variables: partial differentiation | gradient | gradient | optimization techniques | optimization techniques | Double integrals and line integrals in the plane | Double integrals and line integrals in the plane | exact differentials and conservative fields | exact differentials and conservative fields | Green's theorem and applications | Green's theorem and applications | triple integrals | triple integrals | line and surface integrals in space | line and surface integrals in space | Divergence theorem | Divergence theorem | Stokes' theorem | Stokes' theorem | applications | applicationsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata1.010 Uncertainty in Engineering (MIT) 1.010 Uncertainty in Engineering (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate class serves as an introduction to probability and statistics, with emphasis on engineering applications. The first segment discusses events and their probability, Bayes' Theorem, discrete and continuous random variables and vectors, univariate and multivariate distributions, Bernoulli trials and Poisson point processes, and full-distribution uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. The second segment deals with second-moment representation of uncertainty and second-moment uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. The final segment covers random sampling, point and interval estimation, hypothesis testing, and linear regression. Many of the concepts covered in class are illustrated with real-world examples from various areas of engineering. This undergraduate class serves as an introduction to probability and statistics, with emphasis on engineering applications. The first segment discusses events and their probability, Bayes' Theorem, discrete and continuous random variables and vectors, univariate and multivariate distributions, Bernoulli trials and Poisson point processes, and full-distribution uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. The second segment deals with second-moment representation of uncertainty and second-moment uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. The final segment covers random sampling, point and interval estimation, hypothesis testing, and linear regression. Many of the concepts covered in class are illustrated with real-world examples from various areas of engineering.Subjects

statistics | statistics | decision analysis | decision analysis | random variables and vectors | random variables and vectors | uncertainty propagation | uncertainty propagation | conditional distributions | conditional distributions | second-moment analysis | second-moment analysis | system reliability | system reliability | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | estimation of distribution parameters | estimation of distribution parameters | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | simple and multiple linear regressions | simple and multiple linear regressions | Poisson and Markov processes | Poisson and Markov processesLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught Autumn Semester 2010/2011. This module introduces students to the study of international political economy (IPE) and global development. It examines the reciprocal, interactive relationship between politics and economics or between states and markets in the contemporary international system by exploring how political factors influence international economic relations and how the international economy in turn shapes domestic and international politics. The module introduces the main theoretical approaches in international political economy and global development and illustrates the contributions of these approaches to our understanding of the global political economy. The module surveys the int This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught Autumn Semester 2010/2011. This module introduces students to the study of international political economy (IPE) and global development. It examines the reciprocal, interactive relationship between politics and economics or between states and markets in the contemporary international system by exploring how political factors influence international economic relations and how the international economy in turn shapes domestic and international politics. The module introduces the main theoretical approaches in international political economy and global development and illustrates the contributions of these approaches to our understanding of the global political economy. The module surveys the intSubjects

UNow | UNow | ukoer | ukoer | module code M12089 | module code M12089 | international political economy | international political economy | IPE | IPE | global development | global development | politics and economics | politics and economics | states and markets | states and markets | international economy | international economy | international politics | international politics | state and societal actors | state and societal actorsLicense

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)Site sourced from

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How and why do we participate in public life? How do we get drawn into community and political affairs? In this course we examine the associations and networks that connect us to one another and structure our social and political interactions. Readings are drawn from a growing body of research suggesting that the social networks, community norms, and associational activities represented by the concepts of civil society and social capital can have important effects on the functioning of democracy, stability and change in political regimes, the capacity of states to carry out their objectives, and international politics. How and why do we participate in public life? How do we get drawn into community and political affairs? In this course we examine the associations and networks that connect us to one another and structure our social and political interactions. Readings are drawn from a growing body of research suggesting that the social networks, community norms, and associational activities represented by the concepts of civil society and social capital can have important effects on the functioning of democracy, stability and change in political regimes, the capacity of states to carry out their objectives, and international politics.Subjects

community | community | public life | public life | social network | social network | norms | norms | association | association | civil society | civil society | international relations | international relations | politics | politics | democracy | democracy | social capital | social capital | state | state | NGO | NGO | globalization | globalization | power | power | corruption | corruption | gender | gender | citizen | citizen | rebellion | rebellion | trust | trust | participation | participation | empowerment | empowermentLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata6.042J Mathematics for Computer Science (MIT) 6.042J Mathematics for Computer Science (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course covers elementary discrete mathematics for computer science and engineering. It emphasizes mathematical definitions and proofs as well as applicable methods. Topics include formal logic notation, proof methods; induction, well-ordering; sets, relations; elementary graph theory; integer congruences; asymptotic notation and growth of functions; permutations and combinations, counting principles; discrete probability. Further selected topics may also be covered, such as recursive definition and structural induction; state machines and invariants; recurrences; generating functions. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course covers elementary discrete mathematics for computer science and engineering. It emphasizes mathematical definitions and proofs as well as applicable methods. Topics include formal logic notation, proof methods; induction, well-ordering; sets, relations; elementary graph theory; integer congruences; asymptotic notation and growth of functions; permutations and combinations, counting principles; discrete probability. Further selected topics may also be covered, such as recursive definition and structural induction; state machines and invariants; recurrences; generating functions.Subjects

formal logic notation | formal logic notation | proof methods | proof methods | induction | induction | sets | sets | relations | relations | graph theory | graph theory | integer congruences | integer congruences | asymptotic notation | asymptotic notation | growth of functions | growth of functions | permutations | permutations | combinations | combinations | counting | counting | discrete probability | discrete probabilityLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata17.037 American Political Thought (MIT) 17.037 American Political Thought (MIT)

Description

This course surveys American political thought from the colonial era to the present. Required readings are drawn mainly from primary sources, including writings of politicians, activists, and theorists. Topics include the relationship between religion and politics, rights, federalism, national identity, republicanism versus liberalism, the relationship of subordinated groups to mainstream political discourse, and the role of ideas in politics. We will analyze the simultaneous radicalism and weakness of American liberalism, how the revolutionary ideas of freedom and equality run up against persistent patterns of inequality. Graduate students are expected to pursue the subject in greater depth through suggested reading and individual research. This course surveys American political thought from the colonial era to the present. Required readings are drawn mainly from primary sources, including writings of politicians, activists, and theorists. Topics include the relationship between religion and politics, rights, federalism, national identity, republicanism versus liberalism, the relationship of subordinated groups to mainstream political discourse, and the role of ideas in politics. We will analyze the simultaneous radicalism and weakness of American liberalism, how the revolutionary ideas of freedom and equality run up against persistent patterns of inequality. Graduate students are expected to pursue the subject in greater depth through suggested reading and individual research.Subjects

american politics | american politics | united states | united states | political theory | political theory | colonial | colonial | contemporary government | contemporary government | national identity | national identity | individual rights | individual rights | liberalism | liberalism | activism | activism | repulicanism | repulicanism | radicalism | radicalism | revolution | revolution | equality | equality | freedom | freedom | protestants | protestants | protestantism | protestantism | colonial america | colonial america | american revolution | american revolution | debate | debate | constitution | constitution | jeffersonian republicans | jeffersonian republicans | hamiltonian federalists | hamiltonian federalists | madison | madison | individualism | individualism | antebellum america | antebellum america | racism | racism | nativism | nativism | sexism | sexism | new inegalitarians | new inegalitarians | politics of inclusion | politics of inclusion | politics of difference | politics of difference | markets | markets | morals | moralsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata11.949 Cities in Conflict: Theory and Practice (MIT)

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This course's aims are two-fold: to offer students the theoretical and practical tools to understand how and why cities become torn by ethnic, religious, racial, nationalist, and/or other forms of identity that end up leading to conflict, violence, inequality, and social injustice; and to use this knowledge and insight in the search for solutions As preparation, students will be required to become familiar with social and political theories of the city and the nation and their relationship to each other. They also will focus on the ways that racial, ethnic, religious, nationalist or other identities grow and manifest themselves in cities or other territorial levels of determination (including the regional or transnational). In the search for remedies, students will be encouraged to consSubjects

why cities become torn | ethnic | religious | racial | nationalist | forms of identity that end up leading to conflict | violence | inequality | social injustice | solutions | social and political theories of the city and the nation | territorial levels of determination | regional or transnational | policymaking | democratic participation | citizenship | spatial | infrastructural | technological interventions | spatial | infrastructural | and technological interventions | democracy | democratic | territory | territorial | participation | policy | theoretical | practical | identity | conflict | social | political | theories | regional | transnational | levels of determination | institutional | technological | interventions | city | difference | diversity | equality | class | cities | nations | legal | jurisdiction | peace | cosmopolitanLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadataUnderstanding global politics Understanding global politics

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This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught in Autumn Semester 2009. This module introduces global politics through the major theoretical, historical and empirical ways of seeing international relations. Different claims, about, for example, human nature, power, war, peace, the state, society, law and politics are offered by thinkers who exercise a major influence on our contemporary understanding. These claims contribute to different approaches to politics in a global context. Suitable for: Undergraduate level one students Dr Vanessa Pupavac, Dr Xiaoke Zhang, Dr Sabine Carey, School of Politics and International Relations Dr Vanessa Pupavac is a lecturer in International Relations at the University of Nottingham. She has previously worke This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught in Autumn Semester 2009. This module introduces global politics through the major theoretical, historical and empirical ways of seeing international relations. Different claims, about, for example, human nature, power, war, peace, the state, society, law and politics are offered by thinkers who exercise a major influence on our contemporary understanding. These claims contribute to different approaches to politics in a global context. Suitable for: Undergraduate level one students Dr Vanessa Pupavac, Dr Xiaoke Zhang, Dr Sabine Carey, School of Politics and International Relations Dr Vanessa Pupavac is a lecturer in International Relations at the University of Nottingham. She has previously workeSubjects

UNow | UNow | UKOER | UKOER | Global Politics | Global Politics | International Relations | International Relations | Politics | Politics | Realism | Realism | Liberalism | Liberalism | Social Constructivism | Social Constructivism | Marxist Theories of International Relations | Marxist Theories of International Relations | Ethics and International Relations | Ethics and International Relations | International History versus International Relations | International History versus International RelationsLicense

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)Site sourced from

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This course covers algebraic approaches to electromagnetism and nano-photonics. Topics include photonic crystals, waveguides, perturbation theory, diffraction, computational methods, applications to integrated optical devices, and fiber-optic systems. Emphasis is placed on abstract algebraic approaches rather than detailed solutions of partial differential equations, the latter being done by computers. This course covers algebraic approaches to electromagnetism and nano-photonics. Topics include photonic crystals, waveguides, perturbation theory, diffraction, computational methods, applications to integrated optical devices, and fiber-optic systems. Emphasis is placed on abstract algebraic approaches rather than detailed solutions of partial differential equations, the latter being done by computers.Subjects

linear algebra | linear algebra | eigensystems for Maxwell's equations | eigensystems for Maxwell's equations | symmetry groups | symmetry groups | representation theory | representation theory | Bloch's theorem | Bloch's theorem | numerical eigensolver methods | numerical eigensolver methods | time and frequency-domain computation | time and frequency-domain computation | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | coupled-mode theories | coupled-mode theories | waveguide theory | waveguide theory | adiabatic transitions | adiabatic transitions | Optical phenomena | Optical phenomena | photonic crystals | photonic crystals | band gaps | band gaps | anomalous diffraction | anomalous diffraction | mechanisms for optical confinement | mechanisms for optical confinement | optical fibers | optical fibers | integrated optical devices | integrated optical devicesLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department atSubjects

blueprint of life | blueprint of life | transcription | transcription | stem cells | stem cells | differentiation | differentiation | human tissues | human tissues | tissue regeneration | tissue regeneration | human disease | human disease | RNA and protein expression patterns | RNA and protein expression patterns | transcriptional regulation | transcriptional regulation | specialized gene expression programs | specialized gene expression programs | genome | genome | multipotent | multipotent | terminally differentiated | terminally differentiated | pluripotency | pluripotency | master regulators | master regulators | chromatin regulators | chromatin regulators | developmental defects | developmental defects | cancer | cancerLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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Forecasting is the ultimate form of model validation. But even if a perfect model is in hand, imperfect forecasts are likely. This course will cover the factors that limit our ability to produce good forecasts, will show how the quality of forecasts can be gauged a priori (predicting our ability to predict!), and will cover the state of the art in operational atmosphere and ocean forecasting systems. Forecasting is the ultimate form of model validation. But even if a perfect model is in hand, imperfect forecasts are likely. This course will cover the factors that limit our ability to produce good forecasts, will show how the quality of forecasts can be gauged a priori (predicting our ability to predict!), and will cover the state of the art in operational atmosphere and ocean forecasting systems.Subjects

Forecasting | Forecasting | model validation | model validation | prediction quality | prediction quality | operational atmosphere and ocean forecasting systems | operational atmosphere and ocean forecasting systems | limiting factors | limiting factors | prediction | prediction | operational atmosphere forecasting systems | operational atmosphere forecasting systems | ocean forecasting systems | ocean forecasting systems | chaos | chaos | probabilistic forecasting | probabilistic forecasting | data assimilation | data assimilation | adaptive observations | adaptive observations | model error | model error | attractors | attractors | dimensions | dimensions | sensitive dependence | sensitive dependence | initial conditions | initial conditionsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata18.702 Algebra II (MIT) 18.702 Algebra II (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory. This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory.Subjects

Sylow theorems | Sylow theorems | Group Representations | Group Representations | definitions | definitions | unitary representations | unitary representations | characters | characters | Schur's Lemma | Schur's Lemma | Rings: Basic Definitions | Rings: Basic Definitions | homomorphisms | homomorphisms | fractions | fractions | Factorization | Factorization | unique factorization | unique factorization | Gauss' Lemma | Gauss' Lemma | explicit factorization | explicit factorization | maximal ideals | maximal ideals | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Gauss Primes | Gauss Primes | quadratic integers | quadratic integers | ideal factorization | ideal factorization | ideal classes | ideal classes | Linear Algebra over a Ring | Linear Algebra over a Ring | free modules | free modules | integer matrices | integer matrices | generators and relations | generators and relations | structure of abelian groups | structure of abelian groups | Rings: Abstract Constructions | Rings: Abstract Constructions | relations in a ring | relations in a ring | adjoining elements | adjoining elements | Fields: Field Extensions | Fields: Field Extensions | algebraic elements | algebraic elements | degree of field extension | degree of field extension | ruler and compass | ruler and compass | symbolic adjunction | symbolic adjunction | finite fields | finite fields | Fields: Galois Theory | Fields: Galois Theory | the main theorem | the main theorem | cubic equations | cubic equations | symmetric functions | symmetric functions | primitive elements | primitive elements | quartic equations | quartic equations | quintic equations | quintic equationsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course introduces three main types of partial differential equations: diffusion, elliptic, and hyperbolic. It includes mathematical tools, real-world examples and applications. This course introduces three main types of partial differential equations: diffusion, elliptic, and hyperbolic. It includes mathematical tools, real-world examples and applications.Subjects

diffusion | diffusion | elliptic | elliptic | hyperbolic | hyperbolic | partial differential equation | partial differential equation | Initial and boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations | Initial and boundary value problems for ordinary differential equations | Sturm-Liouville theory and eigenfunction expansions | Sturm-Liouville theory and eigenfunction expansions | initial value problems | initial value problems | wave equation;heat equation | wave equation;heat equation | Dirichlet problem | Dirichlet problem | Laplace operator and potential theory | Laplace operator and potential theory | Black-Scholes equation | Black-Scholes equation | water waves | water waves | scalar conservation laws | scalar conservation laws | first order equations | first order equationsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. This seminar provides a deeper understanding of the post-translational mechanisms evolved by eukaryotic cells to target proteins for degradation. Students learn how proteins are recognized and degraded by specific machinery (the proteasome) through their previous tagging with another small protein, ubiquitin. Additional topics include principles of ubiquitin-proteasome function, its control of the most important cellular pathways, and the implication of this system in different human diseases. Finally, spe This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. This seminar provides a deeper understanding of the post-translational mechanisms evolved by eukaryotic cells to target proteins for degradation. Students learn how proteins are recognized and degraded by specific machinery (the proteasome) through their previous tagging with another small protein, ubiquitin. Additional topics include principles of ubiquitin-proteasome function, its control of the most important cellular pathways, and the implication of this system in different human diseases. Finally, speSubjects

ubiquitination | ubiquitination | ubiquitin | ubiquitin | proteasome | proteasome | post-translational mechanisms | post-translational mechanisms | ubiquitin-conjugation system | ubiquitin-conjugation system | neurodegenerative diseases | neurodegenerative diseases | immune response | immune response | cell cycle regulation | cell cycle regulation | apoptosis | apoptosis | signal transduction pathways | signal transduction pathways | tumorigenesis | tumorigenesis | protein degradation | protein degradation | Endoplasmic Reticulum Associated Degradation Pathway | Endoplasmic Reticulum Associated Degradation Pathway | ligases | ligases | translocated proteins | translocated proteins | misfolded proteins | misfolded proteins | trafficking membranes | trafficking membranes | cell cycle control | cell cycle control | programmed cell death | programmed cell death | Huntington's Disease | Huntington's Disease | Von Hippel-Lindau Disease | Von Hippel-Lindau DiseaseLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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6.450 was offered in Fall 2002 as a relatively new elective on digital communication. The course serves as an introduction to the theory and practice behind many of today's communications systems. 6.450 forms the first of a two-course sequence on digital communication. The second class, 6.451, is offered in the spring.Topics covered include: digital communications at the block diagram level, data compression, Lempel-Ziv algorithm, scalar and vector quantization, sampling and aliasing, the Nyquist criterion, PAM and QAM modulation, signal constellations, finite-energy waveform spaces, detection, and modeling and system design for wireless communication. 6.450 was offered in Fall 2002 as a relatively new elective on digital communication. The course serves as an introduction to the theory and practice behind many of today's communications systems. 6.450 forms the first of a two-course sequence on digital communication. The second class, 6.451, is offered in the spring.Topics covered include: digital communications at the block diagram level, data compression, Lempel-Ziv algorithm, scalar and vector quantization, sampling and aliasing, the Nyquist criterion, PAM and QAM modulation, signal constellations, finite-energy waveform spaces, detection, and modeling and system design for wireless communication.Subjects

digital communication | digital communication | data compression | data compression | Lempel-Ziv algorithm | Lempel-Ziv algorithm | scalar quantization | scalar quantization | vector quantization | vector quantization | sampling | sampling | aliasing | aliasing | Nyquist criterion | Nyquist criterion | PAM modulation | PAM modulation | QAM modulation | QAM modulation | signal constellations | signal constellations | finite-energy waveform spaces | finite-energy waveform spaces | detection | detection | communication system design | communication system designLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata8.591J Systems Biology (MIT) 8.591J Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course provides an introduction to cellular and population-level systems biology with an emphasis on synthetic biology, modeling of genetic networks, cell-cell interactions, and evolutionary dynamics. Cellular systems include genetic switches and oscillators, network motifs, genetic network evolution, and cellular decision-making. Population-level systems include models of pattern formation, cell-cell communication, and evolutionary systems biology. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course provides an introduction to cellular and population-level systems biology with an emphasis on synthetic biology, modeling of genetic networks, cell-cell interactions, and evolutionary dynamics. Cellular systems include genetic switches and oscillators, network motifs, genetic network evolution, and cellular decision-making. Population-level systems include models of pattern formation, cell-cell communication, and evolutionary systems biology.Subjects

molecular systems biology | molecular systems biology | genetic networks | genetic networks | control theory | control theory | synthetic genetic switches | synthetic genetic switches | bacterial chemotaxis | bacterial chemotaxis | genetic oscillators | genetic oscillators | circadian rhythms | circadian rhythms | cellular systems biology | cellular systems biology | reaction diffusion equations | reaction diffusion equations | local activation | local activation | global inhibition models | global inhibition models | gradient sensing systems | gradient sensing systems | center finding networks | center finding networks | general pattern formation models | general pattern formation models | cell-cell communication | cell-cell communication | quorum sensing | quorum sensingLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadataAdult Immunizations Adult Immunizations

Description

Content Type: Resource All adults require immunizations for influenza and tetanus and eventually require immunizations for herpes zoster and pneumococcal disease. Adults may additionally require immunizations for hepatitis B, hepatitis A, human papilloma virus, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and meningococcal disease. To help physicians provide appropriate immunizations to their adult patients, this self-study activity provides information on priority populations, initial vaccination, and revaccination regarding each of these common immunizations. The first three pages of guideline summarize initial vaccination and revaccination. Link to Resource on University of Michigan CME website Formerly Content Type: Resource All adults require immunizations for influenza and tetanus and eventually require immunizations for herpes zoster and pneumococcal disease. Adults may additionally require immunizations for hepatitis B, hepatitis A, human papilloma virus, measles, mumps, rubella, varicella, and meningococcal disease. To help physicians provide appropriate immunizations to their adult patients, this self-study activity provides information on priority populations, initial vaccination, and revaccination regarding each of these common immunizations. The first three pages of guideline summarize initial vaccination and revaccination. Link to Resource on University of Michigan CME website FormerlySubjects

Adults | Adults | family medicine | family medicine | guidelines | guidelines | immunization | immunization | Medical Knowledge Patient Care | Medical Knowledge Patient Care | Prevention | Prevention | Systems-based Practice | Systems-based PracticeLicense

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See all metadata18.702 Algebra II (MIT) 18.702 Algebra II (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory. This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory.Subjects

Sylow theorems | Sylow theorems | Group Representations | Group Representations | definitions | definitions | unitary representations | unitary representations | characters | characters | Schur's Lemma | Schur's Lemma | Rings: Basic Definitions | Rings: Basic Definitions | homomorphisms | homomorphisms | fractions | fractions | Factorization | Factorization | unique factorization | unique factorization | Gauss' Lemma | Gauss' Lemma | explicit factorization | explicit factorization | maximal ideals | maximal ideals | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Gauss Primes | Gauss Primes | quadratic integers | quadratic integers | ideal factorization | ideal factorization | ideal classes | ideal classes | Linear Algebra over a Ring | Linear Algebra over a Ring | free modules | free modules | integer matrices | integer matrices | generators and relations | generators and relations | structure of abelian groups | structure of abelian groups | Rings: Abstract Constructions | Rings: Abstract Constructions | relations in a ring | relations in a ring | adjoining elements | adjoining elements | Fields: Field Extensions | Fields: Field Extensions | algebraic elements | algebraic elements | degree of field extension | degree of field extension | ruler and compass | ruler and compass | symbolic adjunction | symbolic adjunction | finite fields | finite fields | Fields: Galois Theory | Fields: Galois Theory | the main theorem | the main theorem | cubic equations | cubic equations | symmetric functions | symmetric functions | primitive elements | primitive elements | quartic equations | quartic equations | quintic equations | quintic equationsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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