Searching for 2013-09-25 : 42 results found | RSS Feed for this search

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THEMIS: Migration system dynamics: evidence from global data

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Hein de Haas presents his paper 'Migration system dynamics: evidence from global data' co-authored by Mathias Czaika in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond held in Oxford from 24-26 Sept 2013 This paper provides a critical assessment of migration systems theory based on an analysis of global migration patterns between 1960 and 2000. Migration systems theory pioneered by Mabogunje (1970), predicts that migration that one form of exchange between countries or places, such as trade, is likely to engender other forms of exchange such as people, in both directions. This echoes earlier arguments by Ravenstein (1885; 1889) and Lee (1966) that migration in one direction is likely to engender a counterflow in the opposite direction. In this

Subjects

migration systems theory | international migration | migration determinants | reciprocity | migration systems theory | international migration | migration determinants | reciprocity | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Developing migration systems in Europe and Asia

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Hideki Tarumoto presents his paper 'Developing migration systems in Europe and Asia' in Parallel session I(A) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 As globalisation is accelerated in twenty-first century, surely migration systems have been emergent and developed in the globe. But, it is still ambiguous what differences migration systems hold and through what mechanism they appear. Among various factors and actors, we cannot ignore the role of the state. In one aspect, the state seems to be an inhibitor against emergence of migration systems. Not only Western countries but also non-Western countries are struggling to handle massive international migration and to reconcile social issues appearing from it. But in the other aspect, the state ta

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | europe | asia | migration systems | THEMIS | migration | europe | asia | migration systems | 2013-09-25

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expected time of residence in receiving countries: a systems approach

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Jack DeWaard presents his paper 'Migrants' expected time of residence in receiving countries: a systems approach' co-authored by Guy Abel in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond This paper bridges recent developments in migration systems theory with empirical work on international migration systems to examine the latter in a theoretically informed way. Unlike in previous research, our efforts go beyond merely examining exchanges in the form of migration flows, and further consider the dynamics which govern these exchanges. We synthesize these two components in a fairly new measure of international migration. Termed migrants' expected time of residence, we estimate this quantity each receiving country in the EU-15 every five years f

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | systems approach | THEMIS | migration | systems approach | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Stuck in transit: the Dublin regulation, national discrepancies, and secondary migration of asylum seekers in Europe

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Jan-Paul Brekke presents his paper 'Stuck in transit: the Dublin regulation, national discrepancies & secondary migration of asylum seekers' co-authored by Grete Brochmann in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics Tensions related to a harmonization of EUs asylum policies are reinforced by the current economic crisis. In this paper we look at the interplay between the Dublin Regulation, national discrepancies in asylum policies and individual migrants' strategies. We study mechanisms in the interaction between the supranational, the national and the individual level. The empirical focal point is bilateral secondary migration between Italy and Norway. Interviews with Eritrean migrants, with NGO personnel and government representatives in the two countries

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | secondary migration | asylum seekers | policy | THEMIS | migration | secondary migration | asylum seekers | policy | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: The role of both migrants and institutions in an enduring pattern of migration: the case of Almeria, a province of Spain which acts as a stage for undocumented migrants to pursue regularisation papers

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Pauline Carnet presents her paper 'The role of both migrants and institutions in an enduring pattern of migration' in Parallel session III(C) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Based on my PhD, my paper will examine how an enduring pattern of migration is sustained and the role of both social actors and structural factors in the face of this process. Nowadays, international migrants glide between constraints and strategies, regularity and irregularity. Their migration, built on several stages, constitutes a real “snakes and ladders”. In it, Almeria is a stage where it is possible to get "papers". Since the 90’s, this Spanish province specialised in agriculture has centralized the African migrants who are in a precarious situation

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | social actors | THEMIS | migration | social actors | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Mediating migration: the role of the Qiaoban (the Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs) in the rescaling of the Wenzhou region in China

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Ya-Han Chuang presents her paper 'Mediating migration: the role of the Qiaoban in the rescaling of the Wenzhou region' in Parallel session III(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Based on a multi-sited ethnography, this paper aims to provide a nuanced picture of the meso-level interaction between Chinese migrants, their sending/receiving localities, and the Chinese government through the case of Wenzhou migrants in Paris and the Qiaoban - the "Office of Overseas Chinese Affairs." The paper begins by presenting the evolving relationship between migrants and the Qiaoban of Wenzhou. The Wenzhou region experienced tremendous growth in the decades following the economic reform of 1978, which allowed for the emergence of new patterns of mi

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | wenzhou | china | THEMIS | migration | wenzhou | china | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: The impact of sending states’ transnational policies on migration dynamics: a comparative analysis of South American cases

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Ana Margheritis presents her paper 'The impact of sending states’ transnational policies on migration dynamics: a comparative analysis of South American cases' in Parallel session III(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond The phenomenon of state-led transnationalism (i.e., the policies and programs that nation-states implement to reach out to their citizens abroad) is relatively under-studied within both migration and international relations studies. Although those policies have expanded lately in all regions, the literature is still overwhelmingly concerned with issues that affect receiving (rather than sending) countries, the economic (rather than political) impact of migration, bottom-up transnational practices and networks, and a few cases. The mec

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | transnational policies | ecuador | argentina | Mexico | Uruguay | THEMIS | migration | transnational policies | ecuador | argentina | Mexico | Uruguay | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Guyanese migration since independence: Migration policies, migrant networks, and postcolonial ties

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Simona Vezzoli presents her paper 'Guyanese migration since independence: Migration policies, migrant networks, and postcolonial ties' in Parallel session III(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Historical migration patterns in the Caribbean saw a transformation in the 1960s-70s as many former colonies gained independence and new migration policies were introduced at origin and destination. If some policies potentially may have reduced migration opportunities towards former colonial states, migrant networks and post-colonial ties established before independence may have acted as migration-facilitating factors to sustain migration. Without overlooking important contextual factors at origin and destination, we could hypothesise that borde

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | guyana | migration policy | THEMIS | migration | guyana | migration policy | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: What migration means: Recognising the diversity of practices embedded in cultures of migration

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Guri Tyldum presents his paper 'What migration means: Recognising the diversity of practices embedded in cultures of migration' in Parallel session II(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Building on Douglas Massey's concept of a culture of migration, this article shows how ideas of when and how migration can be appropriate will vary, just like ideas of proper behaviour will differ between regions, at different stages of life and according to, for instance, gender, responsibilities and class. Consequently, migration is rarely perceived to be either good or bad. Instead it is understood as a potential response in particular situations for particular groups. The article shows how approaching migration studies with an awareness of the vari

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | ukraine | labour migration | THEMIS | migration | ukraine | labour migration | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: American migrants in France, Germany, and the United Kingdom: diversity of migration motivations and patterns

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Amanda Klekowski von Koppenfels presents her paper 'American migrants in France, Germany, and the UK' in Parallel session II(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Migration between two countries, or localities within those countries, is usually examined only uni-directionally (although return migration may, often in a context of transnationalism, be taken into account). Examining the less-studied half of such a migration dyad can help us to understand more clearly the ways in which migration feedback processes function. This paper considers the case of Americans in France, Germany and the United Kingdom, three key receiving countries for American migrants (estimated at 2.2 to 6.8 million worldwide), and will examine the role of networks a

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | France | Germany | united kingdom | THEMIS | migration | France | Germany | united kingdom | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Migrant negotiations/negotiating migration: A gendered variation on the new economics of labour migration

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Anju Paul presents her paper 'Migrant negotiations/negotiating migration: A gendered variation on the new economics of labour migration' in Parallel session II(C) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 The new economics of labor migration theory has been frequently criticized for ignoring the gendered social norms and inequitable intra-household power distribution that make it difficult for prospective independent female labor migrants to leave their homes to work overseas. And yet increasing numbers of independent women labor migrants leave countries in the Global South every year. Interviews with 142 Filipina migrant domestic workers located in Singapore, Hong Kong, the Philippines, Canada, and the United States, reveal that prospective fem

Subjects

migration | THEMIS | gender | labour migration | migration | THEMIS | gender | labour migration | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Respondent-driven sampling as a recruitment method

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Jennifer Wu presents her paper 'Respondent-driven sampling as a recruitment method' co-authored by Rojan Ezzati, in Parallel session II(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Respondent-Driven Sampling (RDS) is a peer-to-peer sampling method similar to snowball sampling, but with a mathematical model that weights the sample to compensate for biases in such recruitment. In this paper we focus on the recruitment side of the method, describing how we used RDS in our data collection among Brazilian and Ukrainian migrants residing in Oslo, Norway. The peer-to-peer recruitment approach of RDS helped us succeed in reaching our target sample size in the Ukrainian case, but not the Brazilian. In this paper we explore possible reasons for this. Firs

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | respondent-driven sampling | brazil | ukraine | Norway | THEMIS | migration | respondent-driven sampling | brazil | ukraine | Norway | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Migration feedback effects in networks: an agent-based model

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Miriam Rehm presents her paper 'Migration feedback effects in networks: An agent-based model' co-authored with Asjad Naqvi, in Parallel session II(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 This paper develops a computational network model of migration. The importance of ties between family members and friends in migration has been long recognised by other social sciences and is increasingly confirmed by econometric studies. The paper presents a micro simulation of an economy in which the heterogeneous population moves between three locations, a rural and urban location of origin, and the destination. The key elements in (return) migration decisions are network feedback effects and income opportunities. The simulations generate stable patterns

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | agent-based model | THEMIS | migration | agent-based model | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Should I stay or should I go? The role of relationships in the decision to migrate, stay, or return: the Brazilian migrants case study

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Ana Paula Figueiredo presents her paper 'Should I stay or should I go? The role of relationships in the decision to migrate, stay, or return' in Parallel session I(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Despite an estimated number of over 200.000 Brazilians in London, there is no comprehensive research on their experience in the capital. This paper explores the various factors that affect the choice by Brazilians to migrate to and stay in London or to return to Brazil. Based on eighty interviews with Brazilians in London and eight months fieldwork with Brazilians women who work as cleaners in London, this research explores the importance of loving relationships on the decision making process of Brazilian migrants in London. The combination

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | brazil | london | THEMIS | migration | brazil | london | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Flexible ethnography for practice stories of migration: (Elite?) migrants in Asia

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Katherine Botterill presents her paper 'Flexible ethnography for practice stories of migration' co-authored by Karen O'Reiilly and Rob Stone in Parallel session I(C) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 In contemporary migration research, the dynamics of migration systems and the processes that sustain them have been explained through a narrow focus on origin and destination. Increasingly, however, scholars recognise the importance of historical, social and cultural conditions of movement, institutional frameworks and interactions, individual agency and everyday practices in their analysis of migration patterns and processes. Any focus on a single aspect of the above leads to calls for more attention to other aspects. We argue that structu

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | migrant stories | THEMIS | migration | migrant stories | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: A life-course perspective on mobility trajectories and migrant networks among Senegalese migrants

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Eleonora Castagnone and Sorana Toma presents their paper 'A life-course perspective on mobility trajectories and migrant networks' in Parallel session I(C) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 International migration is still mainly analysed as a one-time, one-way movement from an origin country A to a permanent destination B. Yet migration trajectories are often more complex, as migrants may travel through and successively settle in several countries, or engage in circular mobility. However, the factors that shape individuals' migration trajectories remain little known. In particular, secondary intra-European migration is still an under-researched area, despite the fact that qualitative studies suggest that secondary movements have become

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | Senegal | mobility | life-course | THEMIS | migration | Senegal | mobility | life-course | 2013-09-25

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family-life trajectories

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Tom Kleinepier presents his paper 'Life paths of migrants', co-authored by Helga de Valk and Ruben van Gaalen in Parallel session I(C) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Polish migration to the Netherlands has increased substantially over the past decade and is one of the main origins of migrants settling in the country nowadays. Nevertheless, still little is known on how migration affects the lives of these migrants in the family domain and what decisions are made by these migrants. In this study, we use register data from Statistics Netherlands to examine to what extent migration affects the timing (“when”) and sequencing (“in what order”) of family-life transitions. The majority of studies on family-life transitions of migrants

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | life path | poland | netherlands | THEMIS | migration | life path | poland | netherlands | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Online feedback in migration systems

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Rianne Dekker presents her paper 'Online feedback in migration systems', co-authored by Godfried Engbersen in Parallel session I(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 Online media allow for transnational communication in migration systems that does not only directly affect non-migrants who are embedded in migration networks, but also possibly affects a broader community as a channel of indirect feedback. This paper studies the effect of transnational exchange of information via online media on migration processes. We take a migration systems approach and consider both the information sending-perspective of migrants in destination countries as well as the information consuming-perspective of non-migrants in popular origin localities of mig

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | migration systems | online media | THEMIS | migration | migration systems | online media | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Female migration and intergenerational relationships: the use of ICTs by Brazilian migrant women in the United Kingdom

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Tania Tonhati presents her paper 'Female migration and intergenerational relationships: The use of ICTs by Brazilian migrant women in the UK' in Parallel session I(B) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 This presentation aims to reflect on how the use of ICTs has reshaped the experience of Brazilian pioneer women in the United Kingdom and their relationship with their parents in Brazil. The literature on Brazilian migration argues that the second wave, initiated in the mid-90s onwards, was the period when women began to leave the country in search for employment, study and career improvement (Assis 2007, Padilla 2007). This paper argues that in the case of the United Kingdom, the migration of Brazilian women had also begun in the 1980s. Th

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | united kingdom | brazil | information communication technology | THEMIS | migration | united kingdom | brazil | information communication technology | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: The (changing) role of family among Afghan communities in Britain and Germany

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Carolin Fischer presents her paper 'The (changing) role of family among Afghan communities in Britain and Germany' in Parallel session I(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 This paper explores how Afghan families shape migration from Afghanistan and processes of settlement and community formation at European destinations. Social relationships based on family and tribal ties are sources of solidarity and make mutual assistance an imperative. How these attributes of Afghan families are maintained or re-shaped through migration and settlement in western countries has not been explicitly addressed. Focusing on the lives of Afghans in Britain and Germany I examine the reconfiguration of families and agency of family members, taking into acco

Subjects

THEMIS | families | social actors | afghanistan | THEMIS | families | social actors | afghanistan | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: The complexity of migration: life-strategies of migrant family members and families

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Thomas Geisen presents his paper 'The complexity of migration: life-strategies of migrant family members and families' in Parallel session I(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 In migration research the concepts of network and transnationalism gained new insights on migrants as social actors. Most important was, that decision-making and balancing processes became bound back to the individual and its network-relations. In this course a new emphasis was given to the relevance of the migrant family as an important social actor in migration processes. For transnationalism the family is the most important social unit, which binds individuals together in an intergenerational social context, often over long geographical distances. It seems, th

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | families | social actors | THEMIS | migration | families | social actors | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Migration system dynamics: evidence from global data

Description

Hein de Haas presents his paper 'Migration system dynamics: evidence from global data' co-authored by Mathias Czaika in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond held in Oxford from 24-26 Sept 2013 This paper provides a critical assessment of migration systems theory based on an analysis of global migration patterns between 1960 and 2000. Migration systems theory pioneered by Mabogunje (1970), predicts that migration that one form of exchange between countries or places, such as trade, is likely to engender other forms of exchange such as people, in both directions. This echoes earlier arguments by Ravenstein (1885; 1889) and Lee (1966) that migration in one direction is likely to engender a counterflow in the opposite direction. In this Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

migration systems theory | international migration | migration determinants | reciprocity | migration systems theory | international migration | migration determinants | reciprocity | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Developing migration systems in Europe and Asia

Description

Hideki Tarumoto presents his paper 'Developing migration systems in Europe and Asia' in Parallel session I(A) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond, 24-26 Sept 2013 As globalisation is accelerated in twenty-first century, surely migration systems have been emergent and developed in the globe. But, it is still ambiguous what differences migration systems hold and through what mechanism they appear. Among various factors and actors, we cannot ignore the role of the state. In one aspect, the state seems to be an inhibitor against emergence of migration systems. Not only Western countries but also non-Western countries are struggling to handle massive international migration and to reconcile social issues appearing from it. But in the other aspect, the state ta Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | europe | asia | migration systems | THEMIS | migration | europe | asia | migration systems | 2013-09-25

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expected time of residence in receiving countries: a systems approach

Description

Jack DeWaard presents his paper 'Migrants' expected time of residence in receiving countries: a systems approach' co-authored by Guy Abel in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics: Networks and Beyond This paper bridges recent developments in migration systems theory with empirical work on international migration systems to examine the latter in a theoretically informed way. Unlike in previous research, our efforts go beyond merely examining exchanges in the form of migration flows, and further consider the dynamics which govern these exchanges. We synthesize these two components in a fairly new measure of international migration. Termed migrants' expected time of residence, we estimate this quantity each receiving country in the EU-15 every five years f Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | systems approach | THEMIS | migration | systems approach | 2013-09-25

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THEMIS: Stuck in transit: the Dublin regulation, national discrepancies, and secondary migration of asylum seekers in Europe

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Jan-Paul Brekke presents his paper 'Stuck in transit: the Dublin regulation, national discrepancies & secondary migration of asylum seekers' co-authored by Grete Brochmann in Parallel session III(D) of the conference Examining Migration Dynamics Tensions related to a harmonization of EUs asylum policies are reinforced by the current economic crisis. In this paper we look at the interplay between the Dublin Regulation, national discrepancies in asylum policies and individual migrants' strategies. We study mechanisms in the interaction between the supranational, the national and the individual level. The empirical focal point is bilateral secondary migration between Italy and Norway. Interviews with Eritrean migrants, with NGO personnel and government representatives in the two countries Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

THEMIS | migration | secondary migration | asylum seekers | policy | THEMIS | migration | secondary migration | asylum seekers | policy | 2013-09-25

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