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Contested Constitutions: A Microcosm of post-Arab Spring Divisions Contested Constitutions: A Microcosm of post-Arab Spring Divisions

Description

Five years after Mohamed Bouazizi’s self-immolation in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia ignited the Arab Spring. Yet while it inspired hope for democratic transition across the Middle East and North Africa, the region continues to be embroiled in civil war, terrorist networks, and crises of political legitimacy. In Syria and Bahrain, dictators used violence to thwart protests, leading to a prolonged civil war in Syria. In Yemen, despite the dictator’s negotiated transfer of power, rival sectarians are vying for power. In Tunisia and Egypt, dictators stepped down without much bloodshed. Lastly, in Libya, rebels overthrew the dictator with foreign military aid, but ... Five years after Mohamed Bouazizi’s self-immolation in Sidi Bouzid, Tunisia ignited the Arab Spring. Yet while it inspired hope for democratic transition across the Middle East and North Africa, the region continues to be embroiled in civil war, terrorist networks, and crises of political legitimacy. In Syria and Bahrain, dictators used violence to thwart protests, leading to a prolonged civil war in Syria. In Yemen, despite the dictator’s negotiated transfer of power, rival sectarians are vying for power. In Tunisia and Egypt, dictators stepped down without much bloodshed. Lastly, in Libya, rebels overthrew the dictator with foreign military aid, but ...

Subjects

Africa | Africa | Comparative Government | Comparative Government | Democracy and Elections | Democracy and Elections | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Arab Spring | Arab Spring | Constitution | Constitution | Egypt | Egypt | Libya | Libya | Post-Conflict | Post-Conflict | Tunisia | Tunisia

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Politics in 60 seconds. War Politics in 60 seconds. War

Description

Dr Lucy Sargisson defines a polical concept in 60 seconds for those with a spare minute to learn something new. This videocast focuses on War as a political concept. Warning: video does contain bloopers and out takes. May 2010 Suitable for Undergraduate study and Community education Dr Lucy Sargisson, School of Politics and International Relations Dr Lucy Sargisson is an Associate Professor of Politics at the University of Nottingham. She is an active member of the profession, serving on the Steering Group of the Utopian Studies Society, and the Steering Group of the Political Studies Association's 'Politics of Property' Specialist Group. She is a member of the Centre for the Study of Social and Global Justice at Nottingham, and of CONCEPT, Nottingham's new Political Theory Centre Dr Lucy Sargisson defines a polical concept in 60 seconds for those with a spare minute to learn something new. This videocast focuses on War as a political concept. Warning: video does contain bloopers and out takes. May 2010 Suitable for Undergraduate study and Community education Dr Lucy Sargisson, School of Politics and International Relations Dr Lucy Sargisson is an Associate Professor of Politics at the University of Nottingham. She is an active member of the profession, serving on the Steering Group of the Utopian Studies Society, and the Steering Group of the Political Studies Association's 'Politics of Property' Specialist Group. She is a member of the Centre for the Study of Social and Global Justice at Nottingham, and of CONCEPT, Nottingham's new Political Theory Centre

Subjects

UNow | UNow | Politics | Politics | Political Concepts | Political Concepts | War | War | International Conflicts | International Conflicts | State Conflict | State Conflict | UKOER | UKOER

License

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)

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cniques de Negociaci

Description

: la prevencin y la gestin de los conflictos juegan un papel importante en el mundo laboral, en las organizaciones y en las instituciones en general.

Subjects

Conflicte (Psicologia) | ncies Socials i Jurdiques | Conflictes socials | de conflictes | Conflicte interpersonal

License

Copyright 2010, Autors i col·laboradors Copyright 2010, Autors i col·laboradors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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n y Actividad de las Administraciones Pblicas n y Actividad de las Administraciones Pblicas

Description

La asignatura se centra en el estudio de tres aspectos esenciales de la Administracin pblica: su organizacin, su actividad y el control de dicha actuacin. La asignatura se centra en el estudio de tres aspectos esenciales de la Administracin pblica: su organizacin, su actividad y el control de dicha actuacin.

Subjects

Eficacia de los actos administrativos | Eficacia de los actos administrativos | Provincia | Provincia | Nulidad de los actos administrativos | Nulidad de los actos administrativos | n | n | Competencia | Competencia | Conflictos de competencia | Conflictos de competencia | Potestad organizatoria | Potestad organizatoria | Grado en Derecho | Grado en Derecho | Agencias | Agencias | Procedimientos especiales | Procedimientos especiales | nicas | nicas | Procedimiento ordinario | Procedimiento ordinario | Derecho Administrativo | Derecho Administrativo | Recursos contra las resoluciones judiciales | Recursos contra las resoluciones judiciales | Objeto del recurso contencioso-administrativo | Objeto del recurso contencioso-administrativo | n Administrativa | n Administrativa | Procedimiento abreviado | Procedimiento abreviado | 2016 | 2016 | Procedimiento administrativo | Procedimiento administrativo | Municipio | Municipio | 2012 | 2012 | micas | micas | Plazos del procedimiento | Plazos del procedimiento | n General del Estado | n General del Estado | micos | micos | blicos | blicos | Fundaciones | Fundaciones | n corporativa | n corporativa | Silencio administrativo | Silencio administrativo | gimen de invalidez de los actos administrativos | gimen de invalidez de los actos administrativos | Anulabilidad de los actos administrativos | Anulabilidad de los actos administrativos | Sociedades | Sociedades | nica instancia | nica instancia | n de los actos administrativos | n de los actos administrativos | n de oficio de los actos administrativos | n de oficio de los actos administrativos | n instrumental | n instrumental | nomas | nomas | Acto administrativo | Acto administrativo | a local | a local | n de las Administraciones | n de las Administraciones | n contencioso-administrativa | n contencioso-administrativa | n de sentencias | n de sentencias | rganos administrativos | rganos administrativos | n forzosa de los actos administrativos | n forzosa de los actos administrativos | Unidades administrativas | Unidades administrativas | Recurso de alzada | Recurso de alzada | Relaciones interadministrativas | Relaciones interadministrativas | a administrativa | a administrativa | Administraciones Locales | Administraciones Locales | Tutela cautelar | Tutela cautelar

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Copyright 2015, UC3M http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

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Academic Diary: Escalating violence in Israel, a view from Bethlehem Academic Diary: Escalating violence in Israel, a view from Bethlehem

Description

As I am sitting here writing this contribution at 8:50 in the morning, I can already hear signs of the relentless fighting that has been going on for over ten days around Rachel’s Tomb in Bethlehem: Soldiers shooting tear gas canisters, military jets are flying over the area, ambulances rushing to the scene and hundreds of impatient drivers waiting to cross the area honking without let-up. Riots had kicked off in the area in response to the current dispute between Israeli Jews and Arabs about the administration of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Muslim religious site is administered by ... The post Academic Diary: Escalating violence in Israel, a view from Bethlehem appeared first on OxPol. As I am sitting here writing this contribution at 8:50 in the morning, I can already hear signs of the relentless fighting that has been going on for over ten days around Rachel’s Tomb in Bethlehem: Soldiers shooting tear gas canisters, military jets are flying over the area, ambulances rushing to the scene and hundreds of impatient drivers waiting to cross the area honking without let-up. Riots had kicked off in the area in response to the current dispute between Israeli Jews and Arabs about the administration of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. The Muslim religious site is administered by ... The post Academic Diary: Escalating violence in Israel, a view from Bethlehem appeared first on OxPol.

Subjects

Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | The Middle East | The Middle East | Travel | Travel

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Coup attempt and terror bombings demonstrate Turkish lives don’t matter to Erdoğan and the AKP Coup attempt and terror bombings demonstrate Turkish lives don’t matter to Erdoğan and the AKP

Description

Last week’s coup attempt by military forces in Turkey — the military’s first overt attempt to take power since 1980 — came as a great shock to the international community. At least 290 people were killed and 1,440 wounded. The coup also spurred a dramatic wave of purges; less than 24 hours after the turmoil began, 2,839 army members and a member of the constitutional court were arrested, while 2,745 judges and five members of the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors were removed from their posts. The purges only intensified thereafter; within a week, about 60,000 soldiers, police, judges, civil servants and ... Last week’s coup attempt by military forces in Turkey — the military’s first overt attempt to take power since 1980 — came as a great shock to the international community. At least 290 people were killed and 1,440 wounded. The coup also spurred a dramatic wave of purges; less than 24 hours after the turmoil began, 2,839 army members and a member of the constitutional court were arrested, while 2,745 judges and five members of the Supreme Board of Judges and Prosecutors were removed from their posts. The purges only intensified thereafter; within a week, about 60,000 soldiers, police, judges, civil servants and ...

Subjects

Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | The Middle East | The Middle East | Coup | Coup | Erdoğan | Erdoğan | Middle East | Middle East | purges | purges | Terrorism | Terrorism | Turkey | Turkey

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s Perfect Storm s Perfect Storm

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In a new article for Foreign Affairs, I discuss the perils of Angola’s reliance on declining oil revenues. Here are the first few paragraphs.  In early 2014, Angola, sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest oil producer and third-largest economy, was flush with cash and confidence. The economy had expanded tenfold over the previous decade, and the government, which in 2002 won a resounding victory in the country’s long civil war, was unchallenged at home, a towering presence in regional politics, and a major investor abroad, including in Portugal, the former colonial power. Its national reconstruction agenda funneled tens of billions of dollars into infrastructure ... The post Angola’s Perfect Storm appeared first on OxPol. In a new article for Foreign Affairs, I discuss the perils of Angola’s reliance on declining oil revenues. Here are the first few paragraphs.  In early 2014, Angola, sub-Saharan Africa’s second-largest oil producer and third-largest economy, was flush with cash and confidence. The economy had expanded tenfold over the previous decade, and the government, which in 2002 won a resounding victory in the country’s long civil war, was unchallenged at home, a towering presence in regional politics, and a major investor abroad, including in Portugal, the former colonial power. Its national reconstruction agenda funneled tens of billions of dollars into infrastructure ... The post Angola’s Perfect Storm appeared first on OxPol.

Subjects

Africa | Africa | Environmental Policy | Environmental Policy | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Political Economy | International Political Economy | Political Economy | Political Economy

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Colombia has voted no on its plebiscite for peace. Here’s why and what it means Colombia has voted no on its plebiscite for peace. Here’s why and what it means

Description

On Sunday, the Colombian people rejected the recent peace deal that the Colombian government had reached with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) after 52 years of civil war. The plebiscite narrowly failed: 50.2 percent rejected the peace accord, while 49.8 percent were in favour. What, exactly, were Colombians voting on? Colombians cast votes on whether they support the peace agreement, reached in August and formally signed on Sept. 26. The content of the 297-page peace accord had been made public before the vote. Who voted no? The “no” vote is not representative of all Colombians. Less than 40 ... On Sunday, the Colombian people rejected the recent peace deal that the Colombian government had reached with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) after 52 years of civil war. The plebiscite narrowly failed: 50.2 percent rejected the peace accord, while 49.8 percent were in favour. What, exactly, were Colombians voting on? Colombians cast votes on whether they support the peace agreement, reached in August and formally signed on Sept. 26. The content of the 297-page peace accord had been made public before the vote. Who voted no? The “no” vote is not representative of all Colombians. Less than 40 ...

Subjects

Americas | Americas | Democracy and Elections | Democracy and Elections | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | Colombia | Colombia | FARC | FARC

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Could Iran be the next country to legalise cannabis and opium? Could Iran be the next country to legalise cannabis and opium?

Description

After Uruguay courageously legalised the use of cannabis under a new drug policy, could Iran be the next country to make it legal? From the outside, the image of Iran as retrograde and inherently conservative hardly fits with the reality of a more dynamic domestic political debate within. But drug policy is one of the areas of debate in which the Islamic Republic has produced some interesting, yet paradoxical, policies. Iran has a conspicuous drug addiction problem – which officially accounts for more than 2m addicts (though unofficial figures put this as high as 5-6m). Drug traffickers risk harsh punishments ... The post Could Iran be the next country to legalise cannabis and opium? appeared first on OxPol. After Uruguay courageously legalised the use of cannabis under a new drug policy, could Iran be the next country to make it legal? From the outside, the image of Iran as retrograde and inherently conservative hardly fits with the reality of a more dynamic domestic political debate within. But drug policy is one of the areas of debate in which the Islamic Republic has produced some interesting, yet paradoxical, policies. Iran has a conspicuous drug addiction problem – which officially accounts for more than 2m addicts (though unofficial figures put this as high as 5-6m). Drug traffickers risk harsh punishments ... The post Could Iran be the next country to legalise cannabis and opium? appeared first on OxPol.

Subjects

Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Law | Law | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | The Middle East | The Middle East

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17.424 International Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Societies (MIT) 17.424 International Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Societies (MIT)

Description

This graduate class is designed as a Ph.D.-level overview of international political economy (IPE), with an emphasis on the advanced industrial countries. It also serves as preparation for the IPE portion of the International Relations general exam. An important goal of the course is to use economic theories to identify the welfare effects, distributional consequences, and security implication of foreign economic policy decisions, and to use the tools of political science to analyze how interest groups, voters, political parties, electoral institutions, ideas, and power politics interact to share policy outcomes. This graduate class is designed as a Ph.D.-level overview of international political economy (IPE), with an emphasis on the advanced industrial countries. It also serves as preparation for the IPE portion of the International Relations general exam. An important goal of the course is to use economic theories to identify the welfare effects, distributional consequences, and security implication of foreign economic policy decisions, and to use the tools of political science to analyze how interest groups, voters, political parties, electoral institutions, ideas, and power politics interact to share policy outcomes.

Subjects

International Trade | International Trade | Industries | Industries | International Monetary | International Monetary | International Financial Relations | International Financial Relations | International Political Economy and Security | International Political Economy and Security | Voters | Voters | Cleavages | Cleavages | institutions | institutions | structure | structure | Exchange Rate Regimes | Exchange Rate Regimes | Currency Crises | Currency Crises | International Capital Mobility | International Capital Mobility | Domestic Policymaking | Domestic Policymaking | Capital Account Openness | Capital Account Openness | Foreign Direct Investment | Foreign Direct Investment | Conflict | Conflict | Economic Interdependence | Economic Interdependence

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Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.424 International Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Societies (MIT) 17.424 International Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Societies (MIT)

Description

This graduate class is designed as a PhD-level overview of international political economy (IPE), with an emphasis on the advanced industrial countries. The syllabus is divided into three sections: international trade; international monetary and financial relations (including foreign direct investment); and security. This graduate class is designed as a PhD-level overview of international political economy (IPE), with an emphasis on the advanced industrial countries. The syllabus is divided into three sections: international trade; international monetary and financial relations (including foreign direct investment); and security.

Subjects

International Trade | International Trade | Industries | Industries | International Monetary | International Monetary | international Financial Relations | international Financial Relations | International Political Economy and Security | International Political Economy and Security | Voters | Voters | Cleavages | Cleavages | institutions | institutions | structure | structure | Exchange Rate Regimes | Exchange Rate Regimes | Currency Crises | Currency Crises | International Capital Mobility | International Capital Mobility | Domestic Policymaking | Domestic Policymaking | Capital Account Openness | Capital Account Openness | Foreign Direct Investment | Foreign Direct Investment | Conflict | Conflict | Economic Interdependence | Economic Interdependence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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From Area to Area: The Changing Face of Area Studies From Area to Area: The Changing Face of Area Studies

Description

North Korean Studies: the focus on the hermit kingdom, its politics, economics, and society; the kingdom that poses a real-life threat to South Korea, and the world order as we know it today; a unique Marxist-Leninist state in the twenty-first century. Why focus on this particular area? More broadly, why devote time, funding, and research to the study of specific “areas” of the world? Surely an increasingly interconnected globe has rendered redundant the concept of a fixed “area”? The field of political geography—including geopolitics—has witnessed lengthy definitional and procedural debates around the field of area studies. North Korean studies—an area ... North Korean Studies: the focus on the hermit kingdom, its politics, economics, and society; the kingdom that poses a real-life threat to South Korea, and the world order as we know it today; a unique Marxist-Leninist state in the twenty-first century. Why focus on this particular area? More broadly, why devote time, funding, and research to the study of specific “areas” of the world? Surely an increasingly interconnected globe has rendered redundant the concept of a fixed “area”? The field of political geography—including geopolitics—has witnessed lengthy definitional and procedural debates around the field of area studies. North Korean studies—an area ...

Subjects

Asia | Asia | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Political Science | Political Science | Region | Region | Area Studies | Area Studies | language and culture | language and culture | North Korea | North Korea | political science | political science

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s refugees s refugees

Description

In a letter published in The New Statesman, a number of Oxford academics argue that the current government position is bad policy, bad politics and a betrayal of a proud British tradition. Dear Prime Minister and Home Secretary, We the undersigned are dedicated to creating a socially just world. We spend our working lives supporting and promoting research, initiatives, and projects which will create a fairer and more equitable society for everyone. Among our number are many leading experts on community cohesion, asylum, refugees, migration, politics, public opinion, policy and law. We believe the Government’s current position on the European refugee crisis is misguided and requires urgent change. Britain has a long and proud tradition of providing sanctuary to those in need. Thousands In a letter published in The New Statesman, a number of Oxford academics argue that the current government position is bad policy, bad politics and a betrayal of a proud British tradition. Dear Prime Minister and Home Secretary, We the undersigned are dedicated to creating a socially just world. We spend our working lives supporting and promoting research, initiatives, and projects which will create a fairer and more equitable society for everyone. Among our number are many leading experts on community cohesion, asylum, refugees, migration, politics, public opinion, policy and law. We believe the Government’s current position on the European refugee crisis is misguided and requires urgent change. Britain has a long and proud tradition of providing sanctuary to those in need. Thousands

Subjects

British Politics | British Politics | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Law | Law | The EU and European Politics | The EU and European Politics

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Conflict Management

Description

View the resource online at: http://uhi-edu.co.uk/hbp/HBPshowcase2/resources/PBL%209/index.html

Subjects

ILRforSkills | Business | Administration | Business Administration | Problem Based Learning | PBL | Conflict Management Techniques | Conflict

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Why the real test for Colombia’s peace begins after the demobilization process Why the real test for Colombia’s peace begins after the demobilization process

Description

On Aug. 29, 2016, the Colombian government and the leftist insurgent group FARC initiated a cease-fire. The two parties had reached a remarkable peace accord a few days earlier, hoping to end 52 years of civil war. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos announced that the peace deal will be formally signed Sept. 26, which would trigger the 180-day demobilization of the FARC. Colombia’s armed conflict, the longest-running in recent global history, left more than 220,000 people dead and about 6.7 million displaced within the region. The cease-fire formalizes the end of combat activities between state forces and the FARC, formally known as the Revolutionary ... On Aug. 29, 2016, the Colombian government and the leftist insurgent group FARC initiated a cease-fire. The two parties had reached a remarkable peace accord a few days earlier, hoping to end 52 years of civil war. Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos announced that the peace deal will be formally signed Sept. 26, which would trigger the 180-day demobilization of the FARC. Colombia’s armed conflict, the longest-running in recent global history, left more than 220,000 people dead and about 6.7 million displaced within the region. The cease-fire formalizes the end of combat activities between state forces and the FARC, formally known as the Revolutionary ...

Subjects

Americas | Americas | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Relations | International Relations | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | Colombia | Colombia | Latin America | Latin America

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Conflict Processes

Description

View this resource online at: http://uhi-edu.co.uk/hbp/HBPshowcase2/resources/PBL%2010/index.html

Subjects

ILRforSkills | Business | Administration | Business Administration | Problem Based Learning | PBL | Conflict | Conflict Management | Active Listening | Team Working | Task Based Working

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Is the Taliban in Transition? Is the Taliban in Transition?

Description

On 21st May, an American airstrike killed Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan. This operation, which involved multiple drones, comes as a relief to many, as Mansour had been actively planning and carrying out attacks across Afghanistan. According to the US Secretary of State John Kerry, Mansour ‘posed a continuing imminent threat to US personnel in Afghanistan, Afghan civilians, Afghan security forces, and members of the US and the NATO coalition.’ The killing of the Taliban leader, however, is likely to lead to unwelcome consequences, and will hamper peace talks between the insurgents and the government. ... On 21st May, an American airstrike killed Taliban leader Mullah Akhtar Mansour in the Pakistani province of Baluchistan. This operation, which involved multiple drones, comes as a relief to many, as Mansour had been actively planning and carrying out attacks across Afghanistan. According to the US Secretary of State John Kerry, Mansour ‘posed a continuing imminent threat to US personnel in Afghanistan, Afghan civilians, Afghan security forces, and members of the US and the NATO coalition.’ The killing of the Taliban leader, however, is likely to lead to unwelcome consequences, and will hamper peace talks between the insurgents and the government. ...

Subjects

Asia | Asia | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security | Al-Qaeda | Al-Qaeda | ISIS | ISIS | Islamic State | Islamic State | Pakistan | Pakistan | Taliban | Taliban | Terrorism | Terrorism | terrorist networks | terrorist networks

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International intervention and the politics of building peace: ‘liberal imperialism’ or somewhat irrelevant? International intervention and the politics of building peace: ‘liberal imperialism’ or somewhat irrelevant?

Description

International intervention in war-affected regions is the subject of much academic attention. Scholars and policymakers alike have been keen to understand the impacts, positive and negative, that international actors have when striving for peace in foreign countries. More often than not, the continuation of violence in areas that have been subject to heavy intervention, from Sudan to DRC, has generated staunch critique of the potential of such programmes to achieve their stated aim of ‘peace’. Africanist scholars in particular have identified efforts geared towards the increasingly linked aims of development and security as not merely ineffective, but exacerbating dysfunctional politics, insecurity and poverty across the continent. Following the wider critique of the liberal peace, int International intervention in war-affected regions is the subject of much academic attention. Scholars and policymakers alike have been keen to understand the impacts, positive and negative, that international actors have when striving for peace in foreign countries. More often than not, the continuation of violence in areas that have been subject to heavy intervention, from Sudan to DRC, has generated staunch critique of the potential of such programmes to achieve their stated aim of ‘peace’. Africanist scholars in particular have identified efforts geared towards the increasingly linked aims of development and security as not merely ineffective, but exacerbating dysfunctional politics, insecurity and poverty across the continent. Following the wider critique of the liberal peace, int

Subjects

Africa | Africa | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Relations | International Relations | Political Science | Political Science | Terrorism and Security | Terrorism and Security

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Paying your soldiers and building the state in post-genocide Rwanda

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Ensuring soldiers have legal access to financial resources is crucial for the state to fulfil its primary mission: retain the monopoly of violence. As seen in the Democratic Republic of Congo, difficulties providing soldiers with adequate resources may result in deteriorating discipline, corruption, defection, and human rights abuses. Rwanda after the genocide faced the difficult task of paying its soldiers. The post-1994 situation made this challenge inescapable. The Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF) took power in a ruined country. The economy was entirely destroyed, and fleeing officials of the previous regime had emptied state coffers. The resources to pay soldiers were virtually non-existent. In addition, following the RPF victory, many families returned from exile to Rwanda. Consequently,

Subjects

Africa | Economic Development | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Political Economy | Violence and the State in Central Africa | Central Africa | Military | Post-Conflict | Rwanda | Security and Insecurity | State Building | War

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s Visit to Oxford

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Pakistan has always been a divided nation—divided between the forces of progression and regression, between secularists and the rest, between those who believe in social equality and those who don’t. Three days before Pakistan gained independence in 1947, Jinnah, the founding father, made clear that religion would have “nothing to do with the business of the state.” Yet, within a year after his death, the Mullahs prevailed. TheObjectives Resolution, passed by the Constituent Assembly in 1949, laid the basis of an Islamic Republic where religiosity has progressed with every passing decade, culminating in its current violent form. Resistance to religiosity in the country has also been constant. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, the first elected prime minister, attempted liberal s

Subjects

Asia | Democracy and Elections | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Law | Religion | Terrorism and Security

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Stabilising provincial Afghanistan: How to get It right

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Kabul's ongoing presidential election negotiations aren't the only dramatic transition underway in Afghanistan. The ambitious U.S.-led "surge" launched in 2009, which bolstered foreign troops mainly in southern and eastern Afghanistan, has given way to a drawdown, paralleling a major downsizing in the development sphere. Aid budgets are contracting, and provincial reconstruction teams (PRTs) and other subnational civil-military installations -- long key international platforms to distribute aid and engage local politics outside Kabul -- are closing down. As the local-level foreign official presence phases out of more volatile and remote areas, how should donor assistance strategies adjust? A new paper from the U.S. Institute of Peace, which builds upon fieldwork from the past three yea

Subjects

Asia | Democracy and Elections | Economic Development | Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Relations | Political Economy | Terrorism and Security

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s intervention may provoke a regional war

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A few days ago, I discussed on Radio France International the collapse of the cease-fire and resumption of open war between the beleaguered South Sudanese government of President Salva Kiir and the rebel forces led by former Vice-President Riek Machar. The violence in South Sudan has since December 2013 claimed the lives of more than 10000 people- a death toll that is rapidly rising as diplomatic efforts have failed to broker a short-term cessation of hostilities, let alone a longer term political solution. The massive intervention of the Ugandan People's Defence Force (UPDF) with thousands of infantrists, tanks and helicopter gunships has, for the time being, saved President Salva Kiir and the Southern Sudanese capital Juba but risks triggering a wider regional crisis that could see Suda

Subjects

Africa | Fragile and Post Conflict States | International Relations

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17.424 International Political Economy of Advanced Industrial Societies (MIT)

Description

This graduate class is designed as a PhD-level overview of international political economy (IPE), with an emphasis on the advanced industrial countries. The syllabus is divided into three sections: international trade; international monetary and financial relations (including foreign direct investment); and security.

Subjects

International Trade | Industries | International Monetary | international Financial Relations | International Political Economy and Security | Voters | Cleavages | institutions | structure | Exchange Rate Regimes | Currency Crises | International Capital Mobility | Domestic Policymaking | Capital Account Openness | Foreign Direct Investment | Conflict | Economic Interdependence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The insecurity of a security state: What can Hannah Arendt tell us about Egypt?

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In Egypt, it is clear that constructive results are not going to materialise anytime soon. Increasing state violence, arrests and intimidation have no clear logic beyond an attempt by the security apparatus to regain power and tighten control over the economy. It is an outworn order that risks collapsing. While the regime does have a serious security issue on its hands, namely the Sinai-based terrorism that has now spread to Cairo, the regime is increasingly blurring the lines between terrorism and anyone who opposes the official line. Labelling the Muslim Brotherhood as a terrorist organisation, outlawing anti-regime protests, cracking down on NGOs and the clampdown against anti-regime activists and journalists are indications that the security state is disintegrating. The regime is carry

Subjects

Africa | Democracy and Elections | Fragile and Post Conflict States | Revolutions in the Balance | Terrorism and Security | The Middle East

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DP3R34 Sociology A: Introducing Sociological Concepts and Theories

Description

This Unit is designed to introduce you to sociological concepts and theories. It should involve approximately 40 hours of self-directed study, or roughly 3.5 hours for each of the 12 Subsections of the Study Section. On completion, you should be able to explain the application of basic sociological concepts to developing a sociological analysis of social life and explain the ways in which sociological theories provide a framework for examining one area of social life. On completion of this Unit, you will be able to: 1. Explain the application of basic sociological concepts to developing a sociological analysis of social life. 2. Explain the ways in which sociological theories provide a framework for examining one area of social life.

Subjects

DP3R 34 | C. Wright Mills | sociological imagination | socialisation | Structure versus action | Structural theory | Marx and Engels | consensus theory | Social action theory | Conflict theory | Postmodernism | Lyotard | Foucault and Jameson | DP3R34 | E: Politics/Economics/Law/Social Sciences | POLITICS / ECONOMICS / LAW / SOCIAL SCIENCES | SCQF Level 7

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Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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