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7.343 The Radical Consequences of Respiration: Reactive Oxygen Species in Aging and Disease (MIT) 7.343 The Radical Consequences of Respiration: Reactive Oxygen Species in Aging and Disease (MIT)

Description

This course will start with a survey of basic oxygen radical biochemistry followed by a discussion of the mechanisms of action of cellular as well as dietary antioxidants. After considering the normal physiological roles of oxidants, we will examine the effects of elevated ROS and a failure of cellular redox capacity on the rate of organismal and cellular aging as well as on the onset and progression of several major diseases that are often age-related. Topics will include ROS-induced effects on stem cell regeneration, insulin resistance, heart disease, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. The role of antioxidants in potential therapeutic strategies for modulating ROS levels will also be discussed. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology D This course will start with a survey of basic oxygen radical biochemistry followed by a discussion of the mechanisms of action of cellular as well as dietary antioxidants. After considering the normal physiological roles of oxidants, we will examine the effects of elevated ROS and a failure of cellular redox capacity on the rate of organismal and cellular aging as well as on the onset and progression of several major diseases that are often age-related. Topics will include ROS-induced effects on stem cell regeneration, insulin resistance, heart disease, neurodegenerative disorders, and cancer. The role of antioxidants in potential therapeutic strategies for modulating ROS levels will also be discussed. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology D

Subjects

reactive oxygen species | reactive oxygen species | oxygen | oxygen | ROS | ROS | energy | energy | mitochondria | mitochondria | cell signaling | cell signaling | anti-pathogen | anti-pathogen | oxidative damage | oxidative damage | oncogene | oncogene | antioxidant | antioxidant | insulin resistance | insulin resistance | diabetes | diabetes | stem cell | stem cell | neurodegenerative | neurodegenerative | ischemic | ischemic | ATP | ATP | pathways | pathways | NADPH | NADPH | nox | nox | psd | psd | programmed cell death | programmed cell death | apoptosis | apoptosis | hsc | hsc | hematopoietic | hematopoietic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Yang Li joined Oxford in October 2010 after completing an undergraduate degree in Maths and Computer Science at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. He works on A comparative genomics approach to de novo genome assembly of next-generation sequencing. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

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ESD.36J System and Project Management (MIT) ESD.36J System and Project Management (MIT)

Description

The course is designed for students in the System Design and Management (SDM) program and therefore assumes that you already have a basic knowledge of project management. The objective is to introduce advanced methods and tools of project management in a realistic context such that they can be taken back to the workplace to improve management of development projects. In contrast to traditional courses on the subject we will emphasize scenarios that cannot be fully predicted such as task iterations, unplanned rework, perceived versus actual progress and misalignments between tasks, product architectures and organizations. This class was also offered in Course 13 (Department of Ocean Engineering) as 13.615J. In 2005, ocean engineering subjects became part of Course 2 (Department of Mechanica The course is designed for students in the System Design and Management (SDM) program and therefore assumes that you already have a basic knowledge of project management. The objective is to introduce advanced methods and tools of project management in a realistic context such that they can be taken back to the workplace to improve management of development projects. In contrast to traditional courses on the subject we will emphasize scenarios that cannot be fully predicted such as task iterations, unplanned rework, perceived versus actual progress and misalignments between tasks, product architectures and organizations. This class was also offered in Course 13 (Department of Ocean Engineering) as 13.615J. In 2005, ocean engineering subjects became part of Course 2 (Department of Mechanica

Subjects

system and project management | system and project management | product development | product development | PERT | PERT | CPM | CPM | design structure matrix | design structure matrix | DSM | DSM | system dynamics | system dynamics | SD | SD | SPM | SPM | product development process | product development process | PDP | PDP | concurrent engineering | concurrent engineering | project monitoring | project monitoring | resource consumption | resource consumption | critical paths | critical paths | project progress | project progress | corrective action | corrective action | system dynamics models | system dynamics models | ESD.36 | ESD.36 | 1.432 | 1.432

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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William Brandler joined Oxford in 2009, after completing an undergraduate degree in Natural Sciences at Cambridge University. He works on The Genetics of Neurodevelopment, Cerebral Asymmetry and Handedness under the supervision of Prof. Anthony Monaco. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

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Zhe Zhao joined Oxford in 2010, after completing an undergraduate degree in Biological Science at Tsinghua University in Beijing and a Msc at Leiden University Medical Centre. He works on Transcription Regulation in Coronary Development. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

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Karolis Bauza joined Oxford in 2009 after completing an undergraduate degree in Pre-Medicine at Belmont Abbey College, North Carolina. He works on Malaria pre-erythrocytic stage vaccines: targeting antigen combinations. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

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Manuel joined Oxford in 2010, after completing an undergraduate degree in Mathematics at MIT. He works on Rare and low-frequency DNA variants and their contribution to individual predisposition to common diseases. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Annette Böhmer joined Oxford in 2010 after completing an undergraduate degree in Medicine at the University of Leipzig. She is working on Defining Hepatitis C genotype 3 immune responses under the supervision of Dr Ellie Barnes. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

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Manuel joined Oxford in 2010, after completing an undergraduate degree in Mathematics at MIT. He works on Rare and low-frequency DNA variants and their contribution to individual predisposition to common diseases. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Karolis Bauza joined Oxford in 2009 after completing an undergraduate degree in Pre-Medicine at Belmont Abbey College, North Carolina. He works on Malaria pre-erythrocytic stage vaccines: targeting antigen combinations. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Zhe Zhao joined Oxford in 2010, after completing an undergraduate degree in Biological Science at Tsinghua University in Beijing and a Msc at Leiden University Medical Centre. He works on Transcription Regulation in Coronary Development. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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William Brandler joined Oxford in 2009, after completing an undergraduate degree in Natural Sciences at Cambridge University. He works on The Genetics of Neurodevelopment, Cerebral Asymmetry and Handedness under the supervision of Prof. Anthony Monaco. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Yang Li joined Oxford in October 2010 after completing an undergraduate degree in Maths and Computer Science at McGill University in Montreal, Canada. He works on A comparative genomics approach to de novo genome assembly of next-generation sequencing. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Annette Böhmer joined Oxford in 2010 after completing an undergraduate degree in Medicine at the University of Leipzig. She is working on Defining Hepatitis C genotype 3 immune responses under the supervision of Dr Ellie Barnes. Every year, about 65 DPhil students start a life changing experience in the Nuffield Department of Medicine in Oxford. The Department offers a highly competitive studentship for our DPhil programme to outstanding candidates of any nationality. The candidates are judged on the basis of their academic and research potential. The NDM Prize Studentship is a four year course which includes full payment of all fees and an annual stipend. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

studentship | ndm | DPhil | student | studentship | ndm | DPhil | student

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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18.409 Topics in Theoretical Computer Science: An Algorithmist's Toolkit (MIT) 18.409 Topics in Theoretical Computer Science: An Algorithmist's Toolkit (MIT)

Description

This course covers a collection of geometric techniques that apply broadly in modern algorithm design. This course covers a collection of geometric techniques that apply broadly in modern algorithm design.

Subjects

Spectral graph theory | Spectral graph theory | Iterative methods for linear algebra | Iterative methods for linear algebra | Convex geometry | Convex geometry | Lattices and basis reduction | Lattices and basis reduction | LPs and SDPs for approximating NP-hard problems | LPs and SDPs for approximating NP-hard problems | Graph Laplacians | Graph Laplacians | Cheeger inequalities | Cheeger inequalities | Fritz John?s theorem | Fritz John?s theorem

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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DP3R34 Sociology A: Introducing Sociological Concepts and Theories

Description

This Unit is designed to introduce you to sociological concepts and theories. It should involve approximately 40 hours of self-directed study, or roughly 3.5 hours for each of the 12 Subsections of the Study Section. On completion, you should be able to explain the application of basic sociological concepts to developing a sociological analysis of social life and explain the ways in which sociological theories provide a framework for examining one area of social life. On completion of this Unit, you will be able to: 1. Explain the application of basic sociological concepts to developing a sociological analysis of social life. 2. Explain the ways in which sociological theories provide a framework for examining one area of social life.

Subjects

DP3R 34 | C. Wright Mills | sociological imagination | socialisation | Structure versus action | Structural theory | Marx and Engels | consensus theory | Social action theory | Conflict theory | Postmodernism | Lyotard | Foucault and Jameson | DP3R34 | E: Politics/Economics/Law/Social Sciences | POLITICS / ECONOMICS / LAW / SOCIAL SCIENCES | SCQF Level 7

License

Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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14.451 Macroeconomic Theory I (MIT) 14.451 Macroeconomic Theory I (MIT)

Description

Introduction to the theories of economic growth. Topics will include basic facts of economic growth and long-run economic development; brief overview of optimal control theory and dynamic programming; basic neoclassical growth model under a variety of market structures; human capital and economic growth; endogenous growth models; models with endogenous technology; models of directed technical change; competition, market structure and growth; financial and economic development; international trade and economic growth; institutions and economic development. This is a half-term subject. The class size is limited. Introduction to the theories of economic growth. Topics will include basic facts of economic growth and long-run economic development; brief overview of optimal control theory and dynamic programming; basic neoclassical growth model under a variety of market structures; human capital and economic growth; endogenous growth models; models with endogenous technology; models of directed technical change; competition, market structure and growth; financial and economic development; international trade and economic growth; institutions and economic development. This is a half-term subject. The class size is limited.

Subjects

macroeconomic theory | macroeconomic theory | macroeconomics | macroeconomics | solow growth model | solow growth model | neoclassical growth model | neoclassical growth model | endogenous growth | endogenous growth | human capital | human capital | Bellman equation | Bellman equation | theory of optimal control | theory of optimal control | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | GDP | GDP | per capita income | per capita income | asset pricing | asset pricing | public finance | public finance | overlappiing generations | overlappiing generations | AK | AK | spillovers | spillovers | expanding variety models | expanding variety models | Sala-i-Martin | Sala-i-Martin | Daron Acemoglu | Daron Acemoglu | Barro | Barro

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.973 Advanced Semantics (MIT) 24.973 Advanced Semantics (MIT)

Description

This course is the second of the three parts of our graduate introduction to semantics. The others are 24.970 Introduction to Semantics and 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory. Like the other courses, this one is not meant as an overview of the field and its current developments. Our aim is to help you to develop the ability for semantic analysis, and we think that exploring a few topics in detail together with hands-on practical work is more effective than offering a bird's-eye view of everything. Once you have gained some experience in doing semantic analysis, reading around in the many recent handbooks and in current issues of major journals and attending our seminars and colloquia will give you all you need to prosper. Because we want to focus, we need to make difficult choices as This course is the second of the three parts of our graduate introduction to semantics. The others are 24.970 Introduction to Semantics and 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory. Like the other courses, this one is not meant as an overview of the field and its current developments. Our aim is to help you to develop the ability for semantic analysis, and we think that exploring a few topics in detail together with hands-on practical work is more effective than offering a bird's-eye view of everything. Once you have gained some experience in doing semantic analysis, reading around in the many recent handbooks and in current issues of major journals and attending our seminars and colloquia will give you all you need to prosper. Because we want to focus, we need to make difficult choices as

Subjects

semantics | semantics | logic | logic | meaning | meaning | syntactic systems | syntactic systems | generative grammar | generative grammar | displacement | displacement | intensional semantics | intensional semantics | Hintikka's idea | Hintikka's idea | accessibility relations | accessibility relations | modality | modality | quantificational theory of modality | quantificational theory of modality | material implication analysis | material implication analysis | strict implication analysis | strict implication analysis | tense | tense | conditionals | conditionals | progressive | progressive | perfect | perfect | de re | de re | de dicto | de dicto | raised subjects | raised subjects | scope paradox | scope paradox | overt world variables | overt world variables | restrictors | restrictors | syntax movement | syntax movement | wh-movement | wh-movement | DP | DP | VP | VP

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.409 Topics in Theoretical Computer Science: An Algorithmist's Toolkit (MIT) 18.409 Topics in Theoretical Computer Science: An Algorithmist's Toolkit (MIT)

Description

This course covers a collection of geometric techniques that apply broadly in modern algorithm design. This course covers a collection of geometric techniques that apply broadly in modern algorithm design.

Subjects

Spectral graph theory | Spectral graph theory | Iterative methods for linear algebra | Iterative methods for linear algebra | Convex geometry | Convex geometry | Lattices and basis reduction | Lattices and basis reduction | LPs and SDPs for approximating NP-hard problems | LPs and SDPs for approximating NP-hard problems | Graph Laplacians | Graph Laplacians | Cheeger inequalities | Cheeger inequalities | Fritz John?s theorem | Fritz John?s theorem

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Personal development planning for engineering Personal development planning for engineering

Description

This free course, Personal development planning for engineering, has been written in keeping with the requirements of UK-SPEC and the professional engineering institutions (e.g. ImechE, IET etc). It will provide you with a range of relevant information and guidance in critically assessing and scrutinising your career development aspirations. First published on Thu, 18 Dec 2014 as Personal development planning for engineering. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2014 This free course, Personal development planning for engineering, has been written in keeping with the requirements of UK-SPEC and the professional engineering institutions (e.g. ImechE, IET etc). It will provide you with a range of relevant information and guidance in critically assessing and scrutinising your career development aspirations. First published on Thu, 18 Dec 2014 as Personal development planning for engineering. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2014 First published on Thu, 18 Dec 2014 as Personal development planning for engineering. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2014 First published on Thu, 18 Dec 2014 as Personal development planning for engineering. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2014

Subjects

Science | Maths & Technology | Science | Maths & Technology | Engineering | Engineering | T176_1 | T176_1 | PDP | PDP | personal development planning | personal development planning | career development | career development | professional development | professional development | engineering | engineering

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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6.451 Principles of Digital Communication II (MIT) 6.451 Principles of Digital Communication II (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course is the second of a two-term sequence with 6.450. The focus is on coding techniques for approaching the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels, their performance analysis, and design principles. After a review of 6.450 and the Shannon limit for AWGN channels, the course begins by discussing small signal constellations, performance analysis and coding gain, and hard-decision and soft-decision decoding. It continues with binary linear block codes, Reed-Muller codes, finite fields, Reed-Solomon and BCH codes, binary linear convolutional codes, and the Viterbi algorithm. More advanced topics include trellis representations of binary linear block codes and trellis-based decoding; codes on graphs; the sum-product and Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course is the second of a two-term sequence with 6.450. The focus is on coding techniques for approaching the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels, their performance analysis, and design principles. After a review of 6.450 and the Shannon limit for AWGN channels, the course begins by discussing small signal constellations, performance analysis and coding gain, and hard-decision and soft-decision decoding. It continues with binary linear block codes, Reed-Muller codes, finite fields, Reed-Solomon and BCH codes, binary linear convolutional codes, and the Viterbi algorithm. More advanced topics include trellis representations of binary linear block codes and trellis-based decoding; codes on graphs; the sum-product and

Subjects

coding techniques | coding techniques | the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise channels | the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise channels | performance analysis | performance analysis | Small signal constellations | Small signal constellations | coding gain | coding gain | Hard-decision and soft-decision decoding | Hard-decision and soft-decision decoding | Introduction to binary linear block codes | Introduction to binary linear block codes | Reed-Muller codes | Reed-Muller codes | finite fields | finite fields | Reed-Solomon and BCH codes | Reed-Solomon and BCH codes | binary linear convolutional codes | binary linear convolutional codes | Viterbi and BCJR algorithms | Viterbi and BCJR algorithms | Trellis representations of binary linear block codes | Trellis representations of binary linear block codes | trellis-based ML decoding | trellis-based ML decoding | Codes on graphs | Codes on graphs | sum-product | sum-product | max-product | max-product | decoding algorithms | decoding algorithms | Turbo codes | Turbo codes | LDPC codes and RA codes | LDPC codes and RA codes | Coding for the bandwidth-limited regime | Coding for the bandwidth-limited regime | Lattice codes. | Lattice codes. | Trellis-coded modulation | Trellis-coded modulation | Multilevel coding | Multilevel coding | Shaping | Shaping | Lattice codes | Lattice codes

License

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ESD.34 System Architecture (MIT) ESD.34 System Architecture (MIT)

Description

This course covers principles and methods for technical System Architecture. It presents a synthetic view including: the resolution of ambiguity to identify system goals and boundaries; the creative process of mapping form to function; and the analysis of complexity and methods of decomposition and re-integration. Industrial speakers and faculty present examples from various industries. Heuristic and formal methods are presented. Restricted to SDM (System Design and Management) students. This course covers principles and methods for technical System Architecture. It presents a synthetic view including: the resolution of ambiguity to identify system goals and boundaries; the creative process of mapping form to function; and the analysis of complexity and methods of decomposition and re-integration. Industrial speakers and faculty present examples from various industries. Heuristic and formal methods are presented. Restricted to SDM (System Design and Management) students.

Subjects

systems | systems | Product Development Process (PDP) | Product Development Process (PDP) | architect | architect | tradeoff | tradeoff | function | function | use case | use case | scenario | scenario | creativity | creativity | complexity | complexity | interface | interface | form | form | feature | feature | requirements | requirements | design | design | optimization | optimization | risk | risk

License

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6.451 Principles of Digital Communication II (MIT) 6.451 Principles of Digital Communication II (MIT)

Description

This course is the second of a two-term sequence with 6.450. The focus is on coding techniques for approaching the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels, their performance analysis, and design principles. After a review of 6.450 and the Shannon limit for AWGN channels, the course begins by discussing small signal constellations, performance analysis and coding gain, and hard-decision and soft-decision decoding. It continues with binary linear block codes, Reed-Muller codes, finite fields, Reed-Solomon and BCH codes, binary linear convolutional codes, and the Viterbi algorithm.More advanced topics include trellis representations of binary linear block codes and trellis-based decoding; codes on graphs; the sum-product and min-sum algorithms This course is the second of a two-term sequence with 6.450. The focus is on coding techniques for approaching the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) channels, their performance analysis, and design principles. After a review of 6.450 and the Shannon limit for AWGN channels, the course begins by discussing small signal constellations, performance analysis and coding gain, and hard-decision and soft-decision decoding. It continues with binary linear block codes, Reed-Muller codes, finite fields, Reed-Solomon and BCH codes, binary linear convolutional codes, and the Viterbi algorithm.More advanced topics include trellis representations of binary linear block codes and trellis-based decoding; codes on graphs; the sum-product and min-sum algorithms

Subjects

coding techniques | coding techniques | the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise channels | the Shannon limit of additive white Gaussian noise channels | performance analysis | performance analysis | Small signal constellations | Small signal constellations | coding gain | coding gain | Hard-decision and soft-decision decoding | Hard-decision and soft-decision decoding | Introduction to binary linear block codes | Introduction to binary linear block codes | Reed-Muller codes | Reed-Muller codes | finite fields | finite fields | Reed-Solomon and BCH codes | Reed-Solomon and BCH codes | binary linear convolutional codes | binary linear convolutional codes | Viterbi and BCJR algorithms | Viterbi and BCJR algorithms | Trellis representations of binary linear block codes | Trellis representations of binary linear block codes | trellis-based ML decoding | trellis-based ML decoding | Codes on graphs | Codes on graphs | sum-product | sum-product | max-product | max-product | decoding algorithms | decoding algorithms | Turbo codes | Turbo codes | LDPC codes and RA codes | LDPC codes and RA codes | Coding for the bandwidth-limited regime | Coding for the bandwidth-limited regime | Lattice codes | Lattice codes | Trellis-coded modulation | Trellis-coded modulation | Multilevel coding | Multilevel coding | Shaping | Shaping

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.50 Introduction to Comparative Politics (MIT) 17.50 Introduction to Comparative Politics (MIT)

Description

This class first offers some basic analytical frameworks - culture, social structure, and institutions - that you can use to examine a wide range of political outcomes. We then use these frameworks to understand (1) the relationship between democracy and economic development and (2) the relative centralization of political authority across countries. We will use theoretical arguments and a wide range of case studies to address several questions: Why are some countries democratic and others not? How does democracy affect economic development and political conflict? Why do some countries centralize power while others threaten to fall apart through secession and civil war? We will use examples from a wide range of countries including Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Mexico, and the Un This class first offers some basic analytical frameworks - culture, social structure, and institutions - that you can use to examine a wide range of political outcomes. We then use these frameworks to understand (1) the relationship between democracy and economic development and (2) the relative centralization of political authority across countries. We will use theoretical arguments and a wide range of case studies to address several questions: Why are some countries democratic and others not? How does democracy affect economic development and political conflict? Why do some countries centralize power while others threaten to fall apart through secession and civil war? We will use examples from a wide range of countries including Argentina, Brazil, Germany, Iraq, Italy, Mexico, and the Un

Subjects

democracy | democracy | political institutions | political institutions | economic development | economic development | political conflict | political conflict | ethnic conflict | ethnic conflict | India | India | Weimar Germany | Weimar Germany | market-oriented reform | market-oriented reform | Brazil | Brazil | corruption | corruption | Mexico | Mexico | ethnic violence | ethnic violence | Iraq | Iraq | president | president | division of power | division of power | China | China | gross domestic product | gross domestic product | GDP | GDP | political science | political science | culture | culture | Italy | Italy | Putnam | Putnam | U. S. Constitution | U. S. Constitution | Lipset | Lipset | leadership | leadership | Machiavelli | Machiavelli | democratization | democratization | modernization | modernization

License

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Introduction to macroeconomics Introduction to macroeconomics

Description

This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught in Spring Semester 2010. This module provides an introduction to modern macroeconomic analysis. Macroeconomics is concerned with some of the most pressing and fundamental questions economists can ask, such as: What determines economic growth? Why do economies exhibit expansions ('booms') and contractions ('busts') in output? What drives employment and wages, saving and investment? What causes inflation and why is it a problem? What, if anything, can governments do to improve the performance of an economy? Microeconomics is concerned with the analysis of economic agents and markets at the individual level. Macroeconomics is concerned with the aggregate implications of microeconomic behaviour a This is a module framework. It can be viewed online or downloaded as a zip file. As taught in Spring Semester 2010. This module provides an introduction to modern macroeconomic analysis. Macroeconomics is concerned with some of the most pressing and fundamental questions economists can ask, such as: What determines economic growth? Why do economies exhibit expansions ('booms') and contractions ('busts') in output? What drives employment and wages, saving and investment? What causes inflation and why is it a problem? What, if anything, can governments do to improve the performance of an economy? Microeconomics is concerned with the analysis of economic agents and markets at the individual level. Macroeconomics is concerned with the aggregate implications of microeconomic behaviour a

Subjects

UNow | UNow | UKOER | UKOER | Macroeconomics | Macroeconomics | Analysis of Markets | Analysis of Markets | Key Economic Indicators | Key Economic Indicators | GDP | GDP | Economic Growth | Economic Growth | Economic Fluctuations | Economic Fluctuations | Money and Prices | Money and Prices | Government Policy | Government Policy | Economics | Economics

License

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)

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