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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT) 8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to the physics of the solar system, stars, the interstellar medium, the galaxy, and the universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models. Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to the physics of the solar system, stars, the interstellar medium, the galaxy, and the universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | solar system | stars | stars | interstellar medium | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Galaxy | the Universe | the Universe | planets | planets | planet formation | planet formation | star formation | star formation | stellar evolution | stellar evolution | supernovae | supernovae | compact objects | compact objects | white dwarfs | white dwarfs | neutron stars | neutron stars | black holes | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | star clusters | globular and open clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | binary X-ray sources | gas | gas | dust | dust | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | cosmic rays | galaxy | galaxy | universe | universe | astrophysics | astrophysics | Sun | Sun | supernova | supernova | globular clusters | globular clusters | open clusters | open clusters | jets | jets | Newtonian cosmology | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | dynamical expansion | thermal history | thermal history | normal galaxies | normal galaxies | active galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | Greek astronomy | physics | physics | Copernicus | Copernicus | Tycho | Tycho | Kepler | Kepler | Galileo | Galileo | classical mechanics | classical mechanics | circular orbits | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | electromagnetic radiation | matter | matter | telescopes | telescopes | detectors | detectors | 8.282 | 8.282 | 12.402 | 12.402 | plusars | plusars | galaxies | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | normal and active galaxies | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs (MIT) 6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. 6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs is a class taking a practical approach to proving problems can't be solved efficiently (in polynomial time and assuming standard complexity-theoretic assumptions like P ≠ NP). The class focuses on reductions and techniques for proving problems are computationally hard for a variety of complexity classes. Along the way, the class will create many interesting gadgets, learn many hardness proof styles, explore the connection between games and computation, survey several important problems and complexity classes, and crush hopes and dreams (for fast optimal solutions). Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. 6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs is a class taking a practical approach to proving problems can't be solved efficiently (in polynomial time and assuming standard complexity-theoretic assumptions like P ≠ NP). The class focuses on reductions and techniques for proving problems are computationally hard for a variety of complexity classes. Along the way, the class will create many interesting gadgets, learn many hardness proof styles, explore the connection between games and computation, survey several important problems and complexity classes, and crush hopes and dreams (for fast optimal solutions).

Subjects

NP-completeness | NP-completeness | 3SAT | 3SAT | 3-partition | 3-partition | Hamiltonicity | Hamiltonicity | PSPACE | PSPACE | EXPTIME | EXPTIME | EXPSPACE | EXPSPACE | games | games | puzzles | puzzles | computation | computation | Tetris | Tetris | Nintendo | Nintendo | Super Mario Bros. | Super Mario Bros. | The Legend of Zelda | The Legend of Zelda | Metroid | Metroid | Pokémon | Pokémon | constraint logic | constraint logic | Sudoku | Sudoku | Nikoli | Nikoli | Chess | Chess | Go | Go | Othello | Othello | board games | board games | inapproximability | inapproximability | PCP theorem | PCP theorem | OPT-preserving reduction | OPT-preserving reduction | APX-hardness | APX-hardness | vertex cover | vertex cover | Set-cover hardness | Set-cover hardness | Group Steiner tree | Group Steiner tree | k-dense subgraph | k-dense subgraph | label cover | label cover | Unique Games Conjecture | Unique Games Conjecture | independent set | independent set | fixed-parameter intractability | fixed-parameter intractability | parameter-preserving reduction | parameter-preserving reduction | W hierarchy | W hierarchy | clique-hardness | clique-hardness | 3SUM-hardness | 3SUM-hardness | exponential time hypothesis | exponential time hypothesis | counting problems | counting problems | solution uniqueness | solution uniqueness | game theory | game theory | Existential theory of the reals | Existential theory of the reals | undecidability | undecidability

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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A question of ethics: right or wrong? A question of ethics: right or wrong?

Description

This free course, A question of ethics: right or wrong?, discusses ethical and professional principles in sport and fitness environments. Working closely with individuals and developing relationships is an inherent and often satisfying part of the work of a sports coach or exercise instructor. However, it can bring about ethical and professional challenges and can sometimes place practitioners in a difficult or uncomfortable position, e.g. a confidence shared and/or personal dilemmas. The course considers good practice and certain ethical issues, in particular the relationship between the coach/instructor and individuals with a specific focus on power relationships. We also explore the responsibility of the practitioner to help develop character. First published on Wed, 17 Feb 2016 as A qu This free course, A question of ethics: right or wrong?, discusses ethical and professional principles in sport and fitness environments. Working closely with individuals and developing relationships is an inherent and often satisfying part of the work of a sports coach or exercise instructor. However, it can bring about ethical and professional challenges and can sometimes place practitioners in a difficult or uncomfortable position, e.g. a confidence shared and/or personal dilemmas. The course considers good practice and certain ethical issues, in particular the relationship between the coach/instructor and individuals with a specific focus on power relationships. We also explore the responsibility of the practitioner to help develop character. First published on Wed, 17 Feb 2016 as A qu

Subjects

Health | Sports & Psychology | Health | Sports & Psychology | Health | Health | Sport and Fitness | Sport and Fitness | fitness | fitness | health | health | coaching | coaching | exercise | exercise | EXC224 | EXC224 | EXF224 | EXF224 | EXCF224_1 | EXCF224_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT) 8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to physics of the solar system, stars, interstellar medium, the galaxy, and universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.Topics include: planets, planet formation; stars, the Sun, "normal" stars, star formation; stellar evolution, supernovae, compact objects (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), plusars, binary X-ray sources; star clusters, globular and open clusters; interstellar medium, gas, dust, magnetic fields, cosmic rays; distance ladder; galaxies, normal and active galaxies, jets; gravitational lensing; large scaling structure; Newtonian cosmology, dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe; cosmic microwave background radiation; big-bang nucleosynthesis Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to physics of the solar system, stars, interstellar medium, the galaxy, and universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.Topics include: planets, planet formation; stars, the Sun, "normal" stars, star formation; stellar evolution, supernovae, compact objects (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), plusars, binary X-ray sources; star clusters, globular and open clusters; interstellar medium, gas, dust, magnetic fields, cosmic rays; distance ladder; galaxies, normal and active galaxies, jets; gravitational lensing; large scaling structure; Newtonian cosmology, dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe; cosmic microwave background radiation; big-bang nucleosynthesis

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | solar system | stars | stars | interstellar medium | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Galaxy | the Universe | the Universe | planets | planets | planet formation | planet formation | star formation | star formation | stellar evolution | stellar evolution | supernovae | supernovae | compact objects | compact objects | white dwarfs | white dwarfs | neutron stars | neutron stars | black holes | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | star clusters | globular and open clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | binary X-ray sources | gas | gas | dust | dust | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | cosmic rays | galaxy | galaxy | universe | universe | astrophysics | astrophysics | Sun | Sun | supernova | supernova | globular clusters | globular clusters | open clusters | open clusters | jets | jets | Newtonian cosmology | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | dynamical expansion | thermal history | thermal history | normal galaxies | normal galaxies | active galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | Greek astronomy | physics | physics | Copernicus | Copernicus | Tycho | Tycho | Kepler | Kepler | Galileo | Galileo | classical mechanics | classical mechanics | circular orbits | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | electromagnetic radiation | matter | matter | telescopes | telescopes | detectors | detectors | 8.282 | 8.282 | 12.402 | 12.402

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ESD.172J X PRIZE Workshop: Grand Challenges in Energy (MIT) ESD.172J X PRIZE Workshop: Grand Challenges in Energy (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. In 2004, the Ansari X PRIZE for suborbital spaceflight captured the public's imagination and revolutionized an industry, leveraging a $10M prize purse into over $100M in innovation. Building from that success, the X PRIZE Foundation is now developing new prizes to focus innovation around "Grand Challenge" themes, including genomics, energy, healthcare, and education. This course will examine the intersection of incentives and innovation, drawing on economic models, historic examples, and recent experience of the X PRIZE Foundation to help develop a future prize in Energy Storage Technologies. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. In 2004, the Ansari X PRIZE for suborbital spaceflight captured the public's imagination and revolutionized an industry, leveraging a $10M prize purse into over $100M in innovation. Building from that success, the X PRIZE Foundation is now developing new prizes to focus innovation around "Grand Challenge" themes, including genomics, energy, healthcare, and education. This course will examine the intersection of incentives and innovation, drawing on economic models, historic examples, and recent experience of the X PRIZE Foundation to help develop a future prize in Energy Storage Technologies.

Subjects

ESD.172 | ESD.172 | EC.421 | EC.421 | energy | energy | competition | competition | innovation | innovation | incentivize prizes | incentivize prizes | resource allocation | resource allocation | innovation incentives | innovation incentives | Ansari | Ansari | X PRIZE | X PRIZE | economic models of innovation | economic models of innovation | energy storage | energy storage | grid-scale storage | grid-scale storage | prize matrix | prize matrix | genomics | genomics | Archon X PRIZE | Archon X PRIZE | Progressive Automotive X PRIZE | Progressive Automotive X PRIZE | grand challenges | grand challenges

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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D75X34 Information Technology: Applications Software 1

Description

This Unit will aid you to utilise a range of software application packages to meet complex information requirements by teaching you the fundamentals of the software application, and also by pointing you towards resources that will aid your learning process. These resources are mainly Internet based. There are 2 Outcomes in this Unit: 1. Operate a range of IT equipment independently, giving attention to security and to other users 2. Use a range of software application packages to meet complex information requirements

Subjects

D75X 34 | Microsoft Word XP | Microsoft Excel XP | Microsoft Access XP | Microsoft PowerPoint XP | File Management | C: Information Technology and Information | INFORMATION | SCQF Level 7

License

Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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22.903 Photon and Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy and Its Applications in Condensed Matter (MIT) 22.903 Photon and Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy and Its Applications in Condensed Matter (MIT)

Description

The purpose of this course is to discuss modern techniques of generation of x-ray photons and neutrons and then follow with selected applications of newly developed photon and neutron scattering spectroscopic techniques to investigations of properties of condensed matter which are of interest to nuclear engineers. The purpose of this course is to discuss modern techniques of generation of x-ray photons and neutrons and then follow with selected applications of newly developed photon and neutron scattering spectroscopic techniques to investigations of properties of condensed matter which are of interest to nuclear engineers.

Subjects

Nuclear engineering | Nuclear engineering | photon | photon | neutron | neutron | scattering | scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | neutron sources | neutron sources | photon sources | photon sources | neutron scattering theory | neutron scattering theory | light and X-ray scattering theory | light and X-ray scattering theory | linear response theory | linear response theory | inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | photon correlation spectroscopy | photon correlation spectroscopy | inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy | inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy

License

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22.058 Principles of Medical Imaging (MIT) 22.058 Principles of Medical Imaging (MIT)

Description

An introduction to the principles of tomographic imaging and its applications. It includes a series of lectures with a parallel set of recitations that provide demonstrations of basic principles. Both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation are covered, including x-ray, PET, MRI, and ultrasound. Emphasis on the physics and engineering of image formation. An introduction to the principles of tomographic imaging and its applications. It includes a series of lectures with a parallel set of recitations that provide demonstrations of basic principles. Both ionizing and non-ionizing radiation are covered, including x-ray, PET, MRI, and ultrasound. Emphasis on the physics and engineering of image formation.

Subjects

general imaging principles | | general imaging principles | | linear optics | | linear optics | | ray tracing | | ray tracing | | Linear Imaging Systems | | Linear Imaging Systems | | Space Invariance | | Space Invariance | | Pin-hole camera | | Pin-hole camera | | Fourier Transformations | | Fourier Transformations | | Modulation Transfer Functions | | Modulation Transfer Functions | | Fourier convolution | | Fourier convolution | | Sampling | | Sampling | | Nyquist | | Nyquist | | counting statistics | | counting statistics | | additive noise | | additive noise | | optical imaging | | optical imaging | | Radiation types | | Radiation types | | Radiation detection | | Radiation detection | | photon detection | | photon detection | | spectra | | spectra | | attenuation | | attenuation | | Planar X-ray imaging | | Planar X-ray imaging | | Projective Imaging | | Projective Imaging | | X-ray CT | | X-ray CT | | Ultrasound | | Ultrasound | | microscopy | k-space | | microscopy | k-space | | NMR pulses | | NMR pulses | | f2-D gradient | | f2-D gradient | | spin echoes | | spin echoes | | 3-D methods of MRI | | 3-D methods of MRI | | volume localized spectroscopy | volume localized spectroscopy

License

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3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT) 3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre

Subjects

electron | electron | electronic properties | electronic properties | magnetism | magnetism | magentic properties | magentic properties | structure | structure | crystal | crystal | lattice | lattice | energy | energy | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | STM) | STM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | UV/Vis | UV/Vis | Raman spectroscopy | Raman spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | phonon | phonon | quantum | quantum | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | radiation | radiation | battery | battery | fuel cell | fuel cell | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetic | ferromagnetic | polymer | polymer | glass | glass | corrosion | corrosion

License

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3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT) 3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre

Subjects

electron | electron | electronic properties | electronic properties | magnetism | magnetism | magentic properties | magentic properties | structure | structure | crystal | crystal | lattice | lattice | energy | energy | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | STM) | STM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | UV/Vis | UV/Vis | Raman spectroscopy | Raman spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | phonon | phonon | quantum | quantum | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | radiation | radiation | battery | battery | fuel cell | fuel cell | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetic | ferromagnetic | polymer | polymer | glass | glass | corrosion | corrosion

License

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12.480 Thermodynamics for Geoscientists (MIT) 12.480 Thermodynamics for Geoscientists (MIT)

Description

Principles of thermodynamics are used to infer the physical conditions of formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. It includes phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems and thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions. It also surveys the processes that lead to the formation of metamorphic and igneous rocks in the major tectonic environments in the Earth's crust and mantle. Principles of thermodynamics are used to infer the physical conditions of formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. It includes phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems and thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions. It also surveys the processes that lead to the formation of metamorphic and igneous rocks in the major tectonic environments in the Earth's crust and mantle.

Subjects

Principles of thermodynamics | Principles of thermodynamics | formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks | formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks | phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems | phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems | thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions | thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions | tectonic environments | tectonic environments | crust | crust | mantle | mantle | Ideal Solutions | Ideal Solutions | Non-ideal Solutions | Non-ideal Solutions | Pyroxene Thermometry | Pyroxene Thermometry | Plagioclase Feldspars Solution Models | Plagioclase Feldspars Solution Models | Alkali Feldspars Solution Models | Alkali Feldspars Solution Models | Multi-site Mineral Solutions | Multi-site Mineral Solutions | Homogeneous Equilibria | Homogeneous Equilibria | Quad | Quad | Spinels | Spinels | Rhombohedral Oxides | Rhombohedral Oxides | T-?O2 Relations | T-?O2 Relations | Heterogeneous Equilibria | Heterogeneous Equilibria | Multi-Component Systems | Multi-Component Systems | Liquidus Diagrams | Liquidus Diagrams | Schreinemaker's Analysis | Schreinemaker's Analysis | Composition Space | Composition Space | Gibbs Method | Gibbs Method | Silicate Melts | Silicate Melts | Mixed Volatile Equilibria P-T-XCO2-XH2O | Mixed Volatile Equilibria P-T-XCO2-XH2O | thermodynamic models | thermodynamic models | thermodynamics | thermodynamics

License

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a de la Informacin a de la Informacin

Description

La asignatura pretende que el estudiante adquiera conocimientos bsicos y avanzados en las reas de Gestin del Conocimiento, Organizacin de Sistemas de Informacin, Geastin de la tecnologa necesaria para representar formalmente cualquier sistema de informacin. La asignatura pretende que el estudiante adquiera conocimientos bsicos y avanzados en las reas de Gestin del Conocimiento, Organizacin de Sistemas de Informacin, Geastin de la tecnologa necesaria para representar formalmente cualquier sistema de informacin.

Subjects

XML | XML | n | n | XSLT | XSLT | Tesauros | Tesauros | Topic Maps | Topic Maps | as | as | a en Informtica | a en Informtica | ticos | ticos | n del Conocimiento | n del Conocimiento | 2010 | 2010

License

Copyright 2015, UC3M http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

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Information Engineering Information Engineering

Description

In this course the student will learn related knowledge to: Information Science, Classification Systems, Knowledge Organization Systems, and its formal representation in the computer Science as well as its main applications and uses. In this course the student will learn related knowledge to: Information Science, Classification Systems, Knowledge Organization Systems, and its formal representation in the computer Science as well as its main applications and uses.

Subjects

XML | XML | n | n | XSLT | XSLT | Tesauros | Tesauros | Topic Maps | Topic Maps | as | as | a en Informtica | a en Informtica | ticos | ticos | n del Conocimiento | n del Conocimiento | 2010 | 2010

License

Copyright 2015, UC3M http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/

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12.480 Thermodynamics for Geoscientists (MIT) 12.480 Thermodynamics for Geoscientists (MIT)

Description

In this course, principles of thermodynamics are used to infer the physical conditions of formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. The course includes phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems and thermodynamic modeling of non-ideal crystalline solutions. It also surveys the processes that lead to the formation of metamorphic and igneous rocks in the major tectonic environments in the Earth's crust and mantle. In this course, principles of thermodynamics are used to infer the physical conditions of formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks. The course includes phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems and thermodynamic modeling of non-ideal crystalline solutions. It also surveys the processes that lead to the formation of metamorphic and igneous rocks in the major tectonic environments in the Earth's crust and mantle.

Subjects

Principles of thermodynamics | Principles of thermodynamics | formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks | formation and modification of igneous and metamorphic rocks | phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems | phase equilibria of homogeneous and heterogeneous systems | thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions | thermodynamic modelling of non-ideal crystalline solutions | tectonic environments | tectonic environments | crust | crust | mantle | mantle | Ideal Solutions | Ideal Solutions | Non-ideal Solutions | Non-ideal Solutions | Pyroxene Thermometry | Pyroxene Thermometry | Plagioclase Feldspars Solution Models | Plagioclase Feldspars Solution Models | Alkali Feldspars Solution Models | Alkali Feldspars Solution Models | Multi-site Mineral Solutions | Multi-site Mineral Solutions | Homogeneous Equilibria | Homogeneous Equilibria | Quad | Quad | Spinels | Spinels | Rhombohedral Oxides | Rhombohedral Oxides | T-?O2 Relations | T-?O2 Relations | Heterogeneous Equilibria | Heterogeneous Equilibria | Multi-Component Systems | Multi-Component Systems | Liquidus Diagrams | Liquidus Diagrams | Schreinemaker's Analysis | Schreinemaker's Analysis | Composition Space | Composition Space | Gibbs Method | Gibbs Method | Silicate Melts | Silicate Melts | Mixed Volatile Equilibria P-T-XCO2-XH2O | Mixed Volatile Equilibria P-T-XCO2-XH2O | thermodynamic models | thermodynamic models | thermodynamics | thermodynamics

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Nottingham advantage award career planning skills Nottingham advantage award career planning skills

Description

This module aims to enable students to think critically about their career planning and become better applicants when applying for employment/postgraduate study, during or after their academic studies. Topics covered will include: •Career Planning Skills •Career researching Skills •Self-Marketing – Applications •Self-Marketing – Interviews •Psychometric Testing •Self-Marketing – Assessment Centres •Guidance on evaluating and recording experience Module Codes: XX1N02 (10 credits) Suitable for study at: Undergraduate Level Method and Frequency of Class: 5 x 2 hour workshops, a mock interview and a tutorial Target Students: This module is available to all students as part of the Nottingham Advantage Award scheme. Prerequisites: None Corequisites: None Offerin This module aims to enable students to think critically about their career planning and become better applicants when applying for employment/postgraduate study, during or after their academic studies. Topics covered will include: •Career Planning Skills •Career researching Skills •Self-Marketing – Applications •Self-Marketing – Interviews •Psychometric Testing •Self-Marketing – Assessment Centres •Guidance on evaluating and recording experience Module Codes: XX1N02 (10 credits) Suitable for study at: Undergraduate Level Method and Frequency of Class: 5 x 2 hour workshops, a mock interview and a tutorial Target Students: This module is available to all students as part of the Nottingham Advantage Award scheme. Prerequisites: None Corequisites: None Offerin

Subjects

UNow | UNow | UKOER | UKOER | XX1N02 | XX1N02 | Career | Career | applicants | applicants | PARiS | PARiS | employability | employability | researching | researching | interviews | interviews | assessment | assessment

License

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)

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7.342 The X in Sex: A Genetic, Medical, and Evolutionary View of the X Chromosome (MIT) 7.342 The X in Sex: A Genetic, Medical, and Evolutionary View of the X Chromosome (MIT)

Description

This course will explore a diverse collection of striking biological phenomena associated with the X chromosome. We will examine the genetic basis and significance of several X-linked mutations. We will also discuss why men are more likely than women to display X-linked traits. We will look at the different mechanisms by which X chromosome gene expression is equalized in mammals, flies, and worms and how these mechanisms can yield unusual phenotypes. Throughout our discussions of the X chromosome we will use both recent and classic primary research papers to learn about this chromosome's fascinating biology. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary researc This course will explore a diverse collection of striking biological phenomena associated with the X chromosome. We will examine the genetic basis and significance of several X-linked mutations. We will also discuss why men are more likely than women to display X-linked traits. We will look at the different mechanisms by which X chromosome gene expression is equalized in mammals, flies, and worms and how these mechanisms can yield unusual phenotypes. Throughout our discussions of the X chromosome we will use both recent and classic primary research papers to learn about this chromosome's fascinating biology. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary researc

Subjects

X chromosome | X chromosome | genetics | genetics | flies | flies | mammals | mammals | worms | worms | sex reversal | sex reversal | dosage compensation | dosage compensation | X-inactivation | X-inactivation | hybrid | hybrid | Haldane's rule | Haldane's rule | drosophila | drosophila | gene | gene | dna | dna | dosage | dosage | pedigree | pedigree | genetic map | genetic map | Thomas Hunt Morgan | Thomas Hunt Morgan | Calvin Bridges | Calvin Bridges | Alfred Sturtevant | Alfred Sturtevant | evolution | evolution

License

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Nottingham advantage award placements and internships Nottingham advantage award placements and internships

Description

Offering School: School of Education Offering School: School of Education This module aims to provide information and activities that will support you when preparing for and completing a placement or internship. The activities are designed to help you think critically about the skills and attributes you will develop from a period of work experience, and record and reflect on what you are learning. Module Codes: XX1N02 (10 credits) Suitable for study at: Undergraduate Level Method and Frequency of Class: Target Students: This module is available to all undergraduate students as part of the Nottingham Advantage Award scheme. Prerequisites: None Corequisites: None Offering School: School of Education This module aims to provide information and activities that will support you when preparing for and completing a placement or internship. The activities are designed to help you think critically about the skills and attributes you will develop from a period of work experience, and record and reflect on what you are learning. Module Codes: XX1N02 (10 credits) Suitable for study at: Undergraduate Level Method and Frequency of Class: Target Students: This module is available to all undergraduate students as part of the Nottingham Advantage Award scheme. Prerequisites: None Corequisites: None Offering School: School of Education

Subjects

UNow | UNow | UKOER | UKOER | XX1N02 | XX1N02 | Internships | Internships | Placements | Placements | PARiS | PARiS | employability | employability | assessment | assessment | work | work

License

Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA) Except for third party materials (materials owned by someone other than The University of Nottingham) and where otherwise indicated, the copyright in the content provided in this resource is owned by The University of Nottingham and licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike UK 2.0 Licence (BY-NC-SA)

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TALAT Lecture 1401: Aluminium Powder Metallurgy

Description

This lecture outlines the differences between conventionally produced and powder metallurgy aluminium with respect to potential uses; it aims at learning about the various processes to produce and to consolidate alloy powders; it illustrates the extension of the useful property range beyond that of limits of conventionally processed aluminium alloys; it explains the advantages and disadvantages of aluminium produced by powder metallurgy; it shows the potential of aluminium produced by the route of powder metallurgy. Knowledge in metallurgy, materials science, materials engineering is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | EAA | Training in Aluminium Application Technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | advanced materials | powder fabrication | rapid solidification | caracterisation | powder | precompaction | cold compaction | sintering | hot consolidation | post consolidation | spray forming | P/M 7 XXX alloys | high strength alloys | elevated temperatures | mechanical alloying | high modulus | safety | corematerials | ukoer

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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A question of ethics: right or wrong?

Description

This free course discusses ethical and professional principles in sport and fitness environments. Working closely with individuals and developing relationships is an inherent and often satisfying part of the work of a sports coach or exercise instructor. However it can bring about ethical and professional challenges and can sometimes place practitioners in a difficult or uncomfortable position e.g. a confidence shared and/or personal dilemmas. The course considers good practice and certain ethical issues in particular the relationship between the coach/instructor and individuals with a specific focus on power relationships. We also explore the responsibility of the practitioner to help develop character.

Subjects

Psychology | Health | Sport and Fitness | fitness | health | coaching | exercise | EXC224 | EXF224 | EXCF224_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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ESD.172J X PRIZE Workshop: Grand Challenges in Energy (MIT)

Description

In 2004, the Ansari X PRIZE for suborbital spaceflight captured the public's imagination and revolutionized an industry, leveraging a $10M prize purse into over $100M in innovation. Building from that success, the X PRIZE Foundation is now developing new prizes to focus innovation around "Grand Challenge" themes, including genomics, energy, healthcare, and education. This course will examine the intersection of incentives and innovation, drawing on economic models, historic examples, and recent experience of the X PRIZE Foundation to help develop a future prize in Energy Storage Technologies.

Subjects

ESD.172 | EC.421 | energy | competition | innovation | incentivize prizes | resource allocation | innovation incentives | Ansari | X PRIZE | economic models of innovation | energy storage | grid-scale storage | prize matrix | genomics | Archon X PRIZE | Progressive Automotive X PRIZE | grand challenges

License

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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to the physics of the solar system, stars, the interstellar medium, the galaxy, and the universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | stars | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Universe | planets | planet formation | star formation | stellar evolution | supernovae | compact objects | white dwarfs | neutron stars | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | galaxy | universe | astrophysics | Sun | supernova | globular clusters | open clusters | jets | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | thermal history | normal galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | physics | Copernicus | Tycho | Kepler | Galileo | classical mechanics | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | matter | telescopes | detectors | 8.282 | 12.402 | plusars | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to the physics of the solar system, stars, the interstellar medium, the galaxy, and the universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | stars | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Universe | planets | planet formation | star formation | stellar evolution | supernovae | compact objects | white dwarfs | neutron stars | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | galaxy | universe | astrophysics | Sun | supernova | globular clusters | open clusters | jets | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | thermal history | normal galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | physics | Copernicus | Tycho | Kepler | Galileo | classical mechanics | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | matter | telescopes | detectors | 8.282 | 12.402 | plusars | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs (MIT)

Description

6.890 Algorithmic Lower Bounds: Fun with Hardness Proofs is a class taking a practical approach to proving problems can't be solved efficiently (in polynomial time and assuming standard complexity-theoretic assumptions like P ≠ NP). The class focuses on reductions and techniques for proving problems are computationally hard for a variety of complexity classes. Along the way, the class will create many interesting gadgets, learn many hardness proof styles, explore the connection between games and computation, survey several important problems and complexity classes, and crush hopes and dreams (for fast optimal solutions).

Subjects

NP-completeness | 3SAT | 3-partition | Hamiltonicity | PSPACE | EXPTIME | EXPSPACE | games | puzzles | computation | Tetris | Nintendo | Super Mario Bros. | The Legend of Zelda | Metroid | mon | constraint logic | Sudoku | Nikoli | Chess | Go | Othello | board games | inapproximability | PCP theorem | OPT-preserving reduction | APX-hardness | vertex cover | Set-cover hardness | Group Steiner tree | k-dense subgraph | label cover | Unique Games Conjecture | independent set | fixed-parameter intractability | parameter-preserving reduction | W hierarchy | clique-hardness | 3SUM-hardness | exponential time hypothesis | counting problems | solution uniqueness | game theory | Existential theory of the reals | undecidability

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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8.282J Introduction to Astronomy (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Astronomy provides a quantitative introduction to physics of the solar system, stars, interstellar medium, the galaxy, and universe, as determined from a variety of astronomical observations and models.Topics include: planets, planet formation; stars, the Sun, "normal" stars, star formation; stellar evolution, supernovae, compact objects (white dwarfs, neutron stars, and black holes), plusars, binary X-ray sources; star clusters, globular and open clusters; interstellar medium, gas, dust, magnetic fields, cosmic rays; distance ladder; galaxies, normal and active galaxies, jets; gravitational lensing; large scaling structure; Newtonian cosmology, dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe; cosmic microwave background radiation; big-bang nucleosynthesis

Subjects

solar system; stars; interstellar medium; the Galaxy; the Universe; planets; planet formation; star formation; stellar evolution; supernovae; compact objects; white dwarfs; neutron stars; black holes; plusars | binary X-ray sources; star clusters; globular and open clusters; interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays; distance ladder; | solar system | stars | interstellar medium | the Galaxy | the Universe | planets | planet formation | star formation | stellar evolution | supernovae | compact objects | white dwarfs | neutron stars | black holes | plusars | binary X-ray sources | star clusters | globular and open clusters | interstellar medium | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | distance ladder | galaxies | normal and active galaxies | jets | gravitational lensing | large scaling structure | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion and thermal history of the Universe | cosmic microwave background radiation | big-bang nucleosynthesis | pulsars | binary X-ray sources | gas | dust | magnetic fields | cosmic rays | galaxy | universe | astrophysics | Sun | supernova | globular clusters | open clusters | jets | Newtonian cosmology | dynamical expansion | thermal history | normal galaxies | active galaxies | Greek astronomy | physics | Copernicus | Tycho | Kepler | Galileo | classical mechanics | circular orbits | full kepler orbit problem | electromagnetic radiation | matter | telescopes | detectors | 8.282 | 12.402

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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A question of ethics: right or wrong?

Description

This free course discusses ethical and professional principles in sport and fitness environments. Working closely with individuals and developing relationships is an inherent and often satisfying part of the work of a sports coach or exercise instructor. However it can bring about ethical and professional challenges and can sometimes place practitioners in a difficult or uncomfortable position e.g. a confidence shared and/or personal dilemmas. The course considers good practice and certain ethical issues in particular the relationship between the coach/instructor and individuals with a specific focus on power relationships. We also explore the responsibility of the practitioner to help develop character.

Subjects

Psychology | Health | Fitness | fitness | health | coaching | exercise | EXC224 | EXF224 | EXCF224_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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