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TALAT Lecture 1501: Properties, Characteristics and Alloys of Aluminium

Description

This lecture provides a survey of the aluminium alloys available to the user; it describes their various properties; it gives an insight into the choice of aluminium for a proposed application. In the context of this lecture not every individual alloy and its properties have been treated in detail, but rather divided into alloy types with reference to the most commonly used alloys. For further details on alloy properties the reader is referred to available databanks like ALUSELECT of the European Aluminium Association (EAA) or to the European and national materials standards. Good engineering background in materials, design and manufacturing processes is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | properties | selection criteria | production | industry | recycled aluminium | secondary aluminium | atomic structure | crystal structure | density | electrical conductivity | resistivity | thermal conductivity | reflectance | non-magnetic | emissivity | corrosion resistance | thermal expansion | melting temperature | latent heat | specific heat | identification | aluminium - copper alloys | aluminium - manganese alloys | aluminium - silicon alloys | aluminium - magnesium alloys | aluminium - magnesium - silicon alloys | aluminium - zinc - magnesium alloys | aluminium - zinc - magnesium - copper alloys | ingot | casting | work hardening | dispersion hardening | solid solution hardening | precipitation hardening | temper designations | non heat-treatable alloys | heat-treatable alloys | applications | mechanical properties | tensile strength | strength/weight ratio | proof stress | elastic properties | elongation | compression | bearing | shear | hardness | ductility | creep | impact strength | elevated temperatures | low temperatures | fracture characteristics | fatigue | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 1501: Properties, Characteristics and Alloys of Aluminium

Description

This lecture provides a survey of the aluminium alloys available to the user; it describes their various properties; it gives an insight into the choice of aluminium for a proposed application. In the context of this lecture not every individual alloy and its properties have been treated in detail, but rather divided into alloy types with reference to the most commonly used alloys. For further details on alloy properties the reader is referred to available databanks like ALUSELECT of the European Aluminium Association (EAA) or to the European and national materials standards. Good engineering background in materials, design and manufacturing processes is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | EAA | Training in Aluminium Application Technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | properties | selection criteria | production | industry | recycled aluminium | secondary aluminium | atomic structure | crystal structure | density | electrical conductivity | resistivity | thermal conductivity | reflectance | non-magnetic | emissivity | corrosion resistance | thermal expansion | melting temperature | latent heat | specific heat | identification | aluminium - copper alloys | aluminium - manganese alloys | aluminium - silicon alloys | aluminium - magnesium alloys | aluminium - magnesium - silicon alloys | aluminium - zinc - magnesium alloys | aluminium - zinc - magnesium - copper alloys | ingot | casting | work hardening | dispersion hardening | solid solution hardening | precipitation hardening | temper designations | non heat-treatable alloys | heat-treatable alloys | applications | mechanical properties | tensile strength | strength/weight ratio | proof stress | elastic properties | elongation | compression | bearing | shear | hardness | ductility | creep | impact strength | elevated temperatures | low temperatures | fracture characteristics | fatigue | corematerials | ukoer

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TALAT Lecture 2503: Calculation Methods for Fire Design

Description

This lecture gives information on how to calculate the fire resistance of aluminium alloy structures with and without applied insulation. General engineering background and some familiarity with TALAT lectures 2501 and 2502 is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | fire resistance | calculation methods | env 1999-1-2 | elevated temperatures | tension members | beams | columns | connections | temperature analysis | unprotected aluminium structures | protected aluminium structures | uninsulated aluminium structures | insulated aluminium structures | insulation techniques | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2503: Calculation Methods for Fire Design

Description

This lecture gives information on how to calculate the fire resistance of aluminium alloy structures with and without applied insulation. General engineering background and some familiarity with TALAT lectures 2501 and 2502 is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | EAA | Training in Aluminium Application Technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | fire resistance | calculation methods | ENV 1999-1-2 | elevated temperatures | tension members | beams | columns | connections | temperature analysis | unprotected aluminium structures | protected aluminium structures | uninsulated aluminium structures | insulated aluminium structures | insulation techniques | corematerials | ukoer

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TALAT Lecture 3701: Formability Characteristics of Aluminium Sheet

Description

This lecture describes the fundamental formability characteristics of automotive aluminium sheet metals. It aims at learning about the various methods to characterize the forming behaviour and the forming limits. General background in production engineering and sheet metal forming is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | machining | forming | forging | sheet | uniaxial tensile tests | preparing specimens | stress-strain curves | flow curves | strain-hardening exponent n | anisotropy | anisotropic values | rolling direction | vertical anisotropy | polar coordinates | aluminium body sheet alloys | car body sheet alloys | hydraulic bulge test | erichsen cupping test | cup drawing test according to swift | heat-treatable aluminium alloy | blank diameter to thickness ratio | limiting draw ratio | engelhardt drawability | forming limit diagram | fld | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 5203: Anodizing of Aluminium

Description

This lecture describes the process of anodic oxidation of aluminium, which is one of the most unique and commonly used surface treatment techniques for aluminium; it illustrates the weathering behaviour of anodized surfaces. Some familiarity with the subject matter covered in TALAT This lectures 5101- 5104 is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | surface treatment | european aluminium consumption | building applications | dimensional effects | anodizing | plating | painting | anodizing cell | anodic coating structure | cell dimensions | anodizing solutions | barrier type electrolytes | porous type electrolytes | film thickness | film weight | changes in current | changes in voltage | electrolyte temperature | current density | acid concentration | colouring anodized aluminium | dying | self colouring | integral colouring | electrolytic colouring | anodic films | sealing | properties | operational sequences | quality control | standards | ewaa - euras quality label | qualanod | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2405: Fatigue an Fracture in Aluminium Structures

Description

This lecture outlines modern fatigue design procedures and standards, the respective background information; it introduces fatigue design by testing; it presents fatigue data analysis and evaluation; it covers safety and reliability issues in aluminium design. This material has been utilized together with further definitions for classification of structural details to provide a proposal supported by the European Aluminium Association as a National Application Document, which may also be considered for introduction into the actual standard when this will be converted from an ENV to an EN.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | fatigue | data analysis | design line | safety | reliability | partial safety factors | fatigue loading | fatigue strength | safety index | aluminium data bank | aldaba | damage tolerant design | env 1999-2 | life prediction procedure | sequence effects | strain-life approach | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

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TALAT Lecture 3100: Machining of Products

Description

In general, aluminium alloys have excellent machining properties compared with other common engineering metals.The lecture describes the machinability of aluminium alloys, the necessary tools and equipments in order to obtain optimum results. General background in production engineering and machine tools is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | machining | forming | machinability | aluminium chips | surface | tool wear | cutting force | classification | cutting materials | high-speed steel | carbide-tipped tools | diamond | tool design | milling tools | drills | saws | circular saws | wrought alloys | casting alloys | machines | drives | rigidity | spindle construction | control | clamping tools | gripping tools | cooling lubricants | cutting fluids | chip removal | equipment | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 4400: Introduction to Friction, Explosive and Ultrasonic Welding Processes of Aluminium

Description

This lecture gives a brief introduction to friction, explosive and ultrasonic welding techniques of aluminium; it describes the possibilities and results of joining aluminium to different metals, e.g. stainless steel. General mechanical engineering background and basic knowledge in aluminium metallurgy is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | joining | fastening | mechanical | friction welding | explosive welding | ultrasonic welding | feasibility | tensile strength | aluminium-steel joints | hardness curves | al-cr-ni-steel joint | friction welding parameters | macrostructure | joint forms | material combinations | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 5205: Plating on Aluminium

Description

This lecture describes the processes of electroless, electrolytic, as well as physical and chemical vapour deposition of metals on the aluminium surface in order to achieve variations in its surface properties for functional and decorative purposes. Some knowledge of the surface properties of metals, metallurgy and electrochemistry of aluminium and familiarity with the subject matter covered in TALAT This lectures 5101, 5102, 5105 is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | surface treatment | plating | characteristics | electroless plating | electrolytic plating | pvd plating | cvd plating | electroless nickel phosphorus on aluminium | decorative plating | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 3701: Formability Characteristics of Aluminium Sheet

Description

This lecture describes the fundamental formability characteristics of automotive aluminium sheet metals. It aims at learning about the various methods to characterize the forming behaviour and the forming limits. General background in production engineering and sheet metal forming is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | EAA | Training in Aluminium Application Technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | machining | forming | forging | sheet | uniaxial tensile tests | preparing specimens | stress-strain curves | flow curves | strain-hardening exponent n | anisotropy | anisotropic values | rolling direction | vertical anisotropy | polar coordinates | aluminium body sheet alloys | car body sheet alloys | hydraulic bulge test | Erichsen cupping test | cup drawing test according to Swift | heat-treatable aluminium alloy | blank diameter to thickness ratio | limiting draw ratio | Engelhardt drawability | forming limit diagram | FLD | corematerials | ukoer

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TALAT Lecture 5203: Anodizing of Aluminium

Description

This lecture describes the process of anodic oxidation of aluminium, which is one of the most unique and commonly used surface treatment techniques for aluminium; it illustrates the weathering behaviour of anodized surfaces. Some familiarity with the subject matter covered in TALAT This lectures 5101- 5104 is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | EAA | Training in Aluminium Application Technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | surface treatment | European aluminium consumption | building applications | dimensional effects | anodizing | plating | painting | anodizing cell | anodic coating structure | cell dimensions | anodizing solutions | barrier type electrolytes | porous type electrolytes | film thickness | film weight | changes in current | changes in voltage | electrolyte temperature | current density | acid concentration | colouring anodized aluminium | dying | self colouring | integral colouring | electrolytic colouring | anodic films | sealing | properties | operational sequences | quality control | standards | EWAA - EURAS quality label | QUALANOD | corematerials | ukoer

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TALAT Lecture 1101: Resources and Production of Aluminium

Description

This lecture illustrates the natural abundance of the element and the history of its extraction from the ore; it shows the properties of pure aluminium, outlines the importance of alloys to commercial development and shows the range of alloys available and their classification; it describes the principal markets for aluminium; it illustrates the basic processes used in the production of primary aluminium and the main fabricating routes used to provide the products needed by manufacturing industry; it outlines the structure of the European aluminium industry and the historical contexts which shaped its growth.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | production | markets | environment | exploitation | primary aluminium | construction | transportation | properties | packaging | electrical engineering | semi-fabricating | rolling | forging | casting | extrusion | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

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TALAT Lecture 1102: Environmental Factors

Description

This lecture reviews the environmental factors affecting the aluminium industry and the remedial practices followed; it describes the concept of a product life cycle and the importance of recycling; it also describes the secondary aluminium industry, its history, processes, products and structure; it outlines the methodology used to calculate recycling rates and summarizes the scope and size of the European aluminium industry.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | production | markets | environment | life cycle | secondary aluminium | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 2110.01: Automobile brake rotor - LCA in product design

Description

SiMg); use of Life Cycle Analysis. It provides insight to how to redesign a product using life cycle thinking and LCA to minimize the ecological side effects; the importance of having a thoroughly knowledge about the product's life and its environmental impact. Some knowledge of the concept of the product information structure - "the chromosomes" and familiarity with LCA methodology is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | automobile brake system | topological structure | wheel design | brake rotor | calliper | specifications | pmmc | environmental performance | particle reinforced aluminium | production | casting | life cycle analysis | energy consumption | material consumption | safety | pollution | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 2202: Structural Aluminium Materials

Description

This lecture gives information on the types of aluminium alloys available and the semi-fabrication processes used in their manufacture. The treatment is not detailed and anyone requiring further information will use other TALAT material or the contained references.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | structural design | pure aluminium | wrought alloys | casting alloys | non-heat treatable alloys | heat treatable alloys | four digit alloy designation system | temper designation | choice of alloy | extrusion | direct extrusion | hydrostatic extrusion | indirect extrusion | sheet | plate | cold rolling | hot rolling | structural applications | availability | cost | heat treatment | solution treatment | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 2203: Structural materials fabrication

Description

This lecture gives a brief introduction into the basic fabrication methods for structural aluminium alloy materials with respect to machining, forming, joining and surface treatments as a necessary background for the design process; it describes the subject of welding structural aluminium alloys in order to understand the materials requirements which the designer has to take into account when designing load carrying welded aluminium structures. General materials engineering background is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | structural design | preparation | extrusion | cutting | plasma gas cutting | shearing | sawing | machining | cold forming | bending | cold forging | bolting | riveting | adhesive bonding | explosion welded connections | sandwich element construction | surface treatment | joining | chemical properties | physical properties | welding | inert gas welding | mig welding | pulsed arc mig welding | plasma mig welding | tig welding | filler materials | weldability | joint design | backing methods | cleaning | shielding gas | pre-heating | weld cracks | solidification cracks | solution cracks | weld imperfections | economy | distortion | inspection | non-destructive testing | destructive testing | quality control aspects | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2204: Design Philosophy

Description

This lecture outlines the requirements on load bearing structures with respect to safety against failure; it introduces the design analysis process with methods of verification and partial safety factors; it describes the characteristic of loads and load combinations on structures; it introduces the subject of load and resistance factors in the verification methods; it describes the basic structural design properties of aluminium alloys versus steel. Some background and experience in structural engineering and design calculations; basic understanding of the physical and mechanical properties of aluminium is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | structural design | load carrying structure | safety | serviceability | limit states | economic considerations | verification | load and resistance design factor method | method of allowable stresses | characteristic loads | normal loads | long-term loads | load combinations | design value of the load | buildings | bridges | hydraulic structures | resistance | strength properties | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 2205: Special Design Issues

Description

This lecture describes the measurement and amount of residual stresses in extruded and welded profiles which have to be accounted for in design; it introduces the subject of corrosion and of preventive design measures; it describes the behavior and properties of structural aluminium alloys at ambient, low and elevated temperatures; it gives useful examples of structural applications of extrusions. Background in mechanical and structural engineering disciplines is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | structural design | residual stresses | extruded profiles | welded profiles | fatigue behaviour | corrosion | galvanic corrosion | differential aeration corrosion | working temperature | mechanical properties | linear thermal expansion | low temperatures | elevated temperatures | extrusion | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members

Description

This lecture gives background to calculation methods for aluminium members in order to understand the specific behavior of statically loaded aluminium alloy structures. Basic structural mechanic, design philosophy and structural aluminium alloys and product forms is assumed.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | safety | serviceability | geometrical imperfections | extruded profiles | welded profiles | residual stresses | mechanical properties | bauschinger effect | heat affected zones | stress-strain relationship | strength | reduced strength | partial coefficients | resistance factors | gross section | net section | local buckling | cross section classes | slender plates | effective cross section | class 4 cross sections | deflections of beams | breathing | bending moment | yielding | slenderness parameter | element classification | effective thickness | welded section | section with holes | lateral torsional buckling | axial force | tensile force | compressive force | euler load | squash load | flexural buckling | reduction factor | buckling length | splices | end connections | welded columns | columns with bolt holes | cut-outs | longitudinal welds | transverse welds | columns with unfilled bolt-holes | built-up members | intermediate stiffeners | edge stiffeners | single-sided rib | multi-stiffened plates | orthotropic plates | shear force | plate girder webs | shear buckling | shear resistance | webs with stiffeners | plate girders with intermediate stiffeners | corrugated webs | closely stiffened webs | concentrated loads | beam webs without stiffeners | beam webs with stiffeners | shear centre | closed sections | open sections | torsion without warping | torsion with warpin | bending and axial tension | bending and axial compression | strength of beam-column segments | rectangular section | strain hardening | plastic theory | i-section | h-section | thin walled cross sections | t-section | biaxial bending | linear stress distribution | shear lag | flange curling | lateral deflection | non-symmetrical flanges | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members Example 3.1 Deflection of class 4 cross section

Description

This example provides calculations on local buckling of members based on Eurocode 9.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | serviceability limit state | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members Example 4.1: Bending moment resistance of open cross section with closed part

Description

This example provides calculations on bending moment of members based on Eurocode 9.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | bending moment | open cross section part | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members Example 4.2: Hollow cross section (polygon)

Description

This example provides calculations on bending moment of members based on Eurocode 9.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | bending moment | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members Example 4.3: Bending moment resistance of welded hollow section with outstands. Class 2 cross section

Description

This example provides calculations on bending moment of members based on Eurocode 9.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | bending moment | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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TALAT Lecture 2301: Design of Members Example 4.4: Bending moment resistance of welded hollow section with outstands. Class 4 cross section

Description

This example provides calculations on bending moment of members based on Eurocode 9.

Subjects

aluminium | aluminum | european aluminium association | eaa | talat | training in aluminium application technologies | training | metallurgy | technology | lecture | design | product | member | joint | static | bending moment | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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http://dspace.jorum.ac.uk/oai/request?verb=ListRecords&metadataPrefix=oai_dc

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