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21A.265 Food and Culture (MIT) 21A.265 Food and Culture (MIT)

Description

Explores connections between what we eat and who we are through cross-cultural study of how personal identities and social groups are formed via food production, preparation, and consumption. Organized around critical discussion of what makes "good" food good (healthy, authentic, ethical, etc.). Uses anthropological and literary classics as well as recent writing and films on the politics of food and agriculture. Explores connections between what we eat and who we are through cross-cultural study of how personal identities and social groups are formed via food production, preparation, and consumption. Organized around critical discussion of what makes "good" food good (healthy, authentic, ethical, etc.). Uses anthropological and literary classics as well as recent writing and films on the politics of food and agriculture.

Subjects

anthropology | anthropology | cultural anthropology | cultural anthropology | social anthropology | social anthropology | food | food | food culture | food culture | organic food | organic food | locavore | locavore | sustainable farming | sustainable farming | artisanal cheese | artisanal cheese

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21A.110 Anthropological Theory (MIT) 21A.110 Anthropological Theory (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to some of the major social theories and debates that inspire and inform anthropological analysis. Over the course of the semester, we will investigate a range of theoretical propositions concerning such topics as agency, structure, subjectivity, history, social change, power, culture, and the politics of representation. Ultimately, all theories can be read as statements about human beings and the worlds they create and inhabit. We will approach each theoretical perspective or proposition on three levels: (1) in terms of its analytical or explanatory power for understanding human behavior and the social world; (2) in the context of the social and historical circumstances in which they were produced; and (3) as contributions to ongoing dialogues and debate. This course introduces students to some of the major social theories and debates that inspire and inform anthropological analysis. Over the course of the semester, we will investigate a range of theoretical propositions concerning such topics as agency, structure, subjectivity, history, social change, power, culture, and the politics of representation. Ultimately, all theories can be read as statements about human beings and the worlds they create and inhabit. We will approach each theoretical perspective or proposition on three levels: (1) in terms of its analytical or explanatory power for understanding human behavior and the social world; (2) in the context of the social and historical circumstances in which they were produced; and (3) as contributions to ongoing dialogues and debate.

Subjects

anthropology | anthropology | anthropological theory | anthropological theory | anthropological method | anthropological method | frameworks | frameworks | analysis | analysis | integration | integration | cultural anthropology | cultural anthropology | classic texts | classic texts | contemporary critiques | contemporary critiques | analyses of texts | analyses of texts

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Creativity Lecture 3: Creativity - Abduction or Improvisation?

Description

Tim Ingold (University of Aberdeen) discusses his current research, on the comparative anthropology of the line, exploring issues on the interface between anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture. Tim Ingold is Professor of Social Anthropology and Head of the School of Social Science at the University of Aberdeen. He has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Lapland, and has written on the role of animals in human society, on language and tool use, and on environmental perception and skilled practice. His key publications include: Evolution and Social Life (Cambridge University Press), Tools, Language and Cognition in Human Evolution (co-edited, with Kathleen Gibson, Cambridge University Press), The Perception of the Environment (Routledge) and Lines: A Brief History (Routledge). Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | keble college | social anthropology | creativity | lines | anthropology | keble college | social anthropology | creativity | lines | 2011-06-03

License

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21A.112 Seminar in Ethnography and Fieldwork (MIT) 21A.112 Seminar in Ethnography and Fieldwork (MIT)

Description

This advanced course in anthropology engages closely with discussions and debates about ethnographic research, ethics, and representation. This advanced course in anthropology engages closely with discussions and debates about ethnographic research, ethics, and representation.

Subjects

fieldwork | fieldwork | anthropology | anthropology | ethnography | ethnography | culture | culture | theory | theory | data analysis | data analysis | research design | research design | interviewing | interviewing | method | method | student work | student work | military anthropology | military anthropology | controversies | controversies

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Creativity Lecture 3: Creativity - Abduction or Improvisation?

Description

Tim Ingold (University of Aberdeen) discusses his current research, on the comparative anthropology of the line, exploring issues on the interface between anthropology, archaeology, art and architecture. Tim Ingold is Professor of Social Anthropology and Head of the School of Social Science at the University of Aberdeen. He has carried out ethnographic fieldwork in Lapland, and has written on the role of animals in human society, on language and tool use, and on environmental perception and skilled practice. His key publications include: Evolution and Social Life (Cambridge University Press), Tools, Language and Cognition in Human Evolution (co-edited, with Kathleen Gibson, Cambridge University Press), The Perception of the Environment (Routledge) and Lines: A Brief History (Routledge). Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | keble college | social anthropology | creativity | lines | anthropology | keble college | social anthropology | creativity | lines | 2011-06-03

License

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21A.110 Anthropological Theory (MIT) 21A.110 Anthropological Theory (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to some of the major social theories and debates that inspire and inform anthropological analysis. Over the course of the semester, we will investigate a range of theoretical propositions concerning such topics as agency, structure, subjectivity, history, social change, power, culture, and the politics of representation. Ultimately, all theories can be read as statements about human beings and the worlds they create and inhabit. We will approach each theoretical perspective or proposition on three levels: (1) in terms of its analytical or explanatory power for understanding human behavior and the social world; (2) in the context of the social and historical circumstances in which they were produced; and (3) as contributions to ongoing dialogues and debate. This course introduces students to some of the major social theories and debates that inspire and inform anthropological analysis. Over the course of the semester, we will investigate a range of theoretical propositions concerning such topics as agency, structure, subjectivity, history, social change, power, culture, and the politics of representation. Ultimately, all theories can be read as statements about human beings and the worlds they create and inhabit. We will approach each theoretical perspective or proposition on three levels: (1) in terms of its analytical or explanatory power for understanding human behavior and the social world; (2) in the context of the social and historical circumstances in which they were produced; and (3) as contributions to ongoing dialogues and debate.

Subjects

anthropology | anthropology | anthropological theory | anthropological theory | anthropological method | anthropological method | frameworks | frameworks | analysis | analysis | integration | integration | cultural anthropology | cultural anthropology | classic texts | classic texts | contemporary critiques | contemporary critiques | analyses of texts | analyses of texts

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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MAS.966 Digital Anthropology (MIT) MAS.966 Digital Anthropology (MIT)

Description

Digital Anthropology is a Spring 2003 applied social science and media arts seminar, surveying the blossoming arena of digital-artifact enabled experimental sociology/anthropology. We will emphasize on both (a) Technology Testbeds – systematically deploying research lab prototypes and corporate pre-production products in a sample human organizational population and carefully observing the social consequences, and (b) Sociometrics – using digital artifacts to better observe and measure the complex social reality of interesting human systems. Digital Anthropology is a Spring 2003 applied social science and media arts seminar, surveying the blossoming arena of digital-artifact enabled experimental sociology/anthropology. We will emphasize on both (a) Technology Testbeds – systematically deploying research lab prototypes and corporate pre-production products in a sample human organizational population and carefully observing the social consequences, and (b) Sociometrics – using digital artifacts to better observe and measure the complex social reality of interesting human systems.

Subjects

digital anthropology | digital anthropology | applied social science | applied social science | media arts | media arts | digital-artifact enabled experimental sociology/anthropology | digital-artifact enabled experimental sociology/anthropology | digital devices | digital devices | sensors | sensors | wireless | wireless | prototypes | prototypes | products | products | human organization | human organization | social dynamics | social dynamics | sociometrics | sociometrics | technology testbeds | technology testbeds | measuring human interaction | measuring human interaction | digital artifacts | digital artifacts | human systems | human systems | research lab prototypes | research lab prototypes | Predictive Microcosms | Predictive Microcosms | Fast Iteration | Fast Iteration | Experimental Sociology | Experimental Sociology | Comparative Market Research | Comparative Market Research | Cross-Campus Connections | Cross-Campus Connections

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21A.265 Food and Culture (MIT)

Description

Explores connections between what we eat and who we are through cross-cultural study of how personal identities and social groups are formed via food production, preparation, and consumption. Organized around critical discussion of what makes "good" food good (healthy, authentic, ethical, etc.). Uses anthropological and literary classics as well as recent writing and films on the politics of food and agriculture.

Subjects

anthropology | cultural anthropology | social anthropology | food | food culture | organic food | locavore | sustainable farming | artisanal cheese

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Everyday aesthetics in forced displacement

Description

In this Anthropology Departmental Seminar, Sandra Dudley (University of Leicester) looks at 'material culture and Karenni forced migrants in a Thai-Burma border camp'. 10 February 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

burma | material culture | anthropology | society | migration | thailand | borders | burma | material culture | anthropology | society | migration | thailand | borders

License

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Why the Hominin Cognitive Niche Was and Is a Crucially Socio-cognitive Niche

Description

Tooby and deVore argued that hominin evolution hinged on the exploitation of a unique 'cognitive niche'. We propose that a diversity of evidence indicates this was fundamentally a socio-cognitive niche. Analysis of hunter-gatherer ethnologies confirms unprecedented levels of egalitarian behaviour, cooperation and culture, in comparison to other primates and inferred ancestral stages. In conjunction with recent archaeological findings on the evolution of hunting, we use these data to reconstruct socio-cognitive changes in the course of hominin evolution, including joint planning and the impact of language. Precursors to these characteristics are inferred on the basis of recent observational and experimental studies of non-human primates' socio-cognitive abilities including cultural trans Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-24

License

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Opportunistic violence and the impossibility of intimacy

Description

In this Anthropology Departmental Seminar, Dhana Hughes (St John's College, University of Oxford) examines 'memories of revenge and denunciation in Sri Lanka's Southern Terror'. 11 May 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

sri lanka | terror | violence | anthropology | society | sri lanka | terror | violence | anthropology | society

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Metacognition and the Social Mind: How Individuals Interact at the Neural Level

Description

I will review recent research in neuroimaging and computation neuroscience, and present a new paradigm for studying decision making in pairs. Results from this paradigm demonstrate that discussion between the partners is necessary and sufficient for creating an advantage for the group decision and a more accurate picture of the world than can be achieved by either partner alone. I conclude that metacognition - the ability to introspect upon one's own experience and to communicate this to another - is the key to understanding the evolution of human cognition, including consciousness and group decision making. Presented by Chris Frith (Wellcome Trust Centre for Neuroimaging at UCL, UK) Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-24

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Neighbouring China in Northern Nepal

Description

In this Anthropology Departmental Seminar, Martin Saxer (National University of Singapore)discusses 'Hidden Valleys, New Roads and Remote Cosmopolitans' in northern Nepal. 25 May 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | society | borders | nepal | china | anthropology | society | borders | nepal | china

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Experiencing Language

Description

The evolutionary relationship between human linguistic capacity and humans' emotional make-up has not, as yet, received focused attention. Was the evolution of language in our lineage possible because early hominines were emotionally different from their ancestors, and, if so, in what ways? Has language altered human emotions? We discuss and develop recent proposals that an important precondition for the evolution of human language was the evolution of social emotions in pre-linguistic humans. We suggest that as language evolved, it altered important aspects of human emotionality, leading to a co-evolutionary feedback between human linguistic ability and human emotions. Presented by Eva Jablonka, Daniel Dor, Simona Ginsburg (Cohn Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science, Tel Av Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-24

License

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Altruism in cyberspace?

Description

In this seminar for the International Gender Studies Centre, Elinor Bastin presents an exploration of an on-line community for women and men with bipolar disorder. 10 November 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | gender | bipolar | cyberspace | anthropology | gender | bipolar | cyberspace

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Signals, Honesty and the Evolution of Language

Description

The evolution of language is a long-standing puzzle for many reasons. One is that its very virtues as a system of communication seem to open the door to ruinous free-riding and deception. This paper will locate and partially solve that problem within a framework explaining the evolution of honest signals and informational co-operation in human evolution, and will use that framework to develop a partial picture of language evolution. Presented by Kim Sterenly (Philosophy, Australian National University). Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-24

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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of assisted reproductive technologies

Description

In this seminar for the Fertility and Reproduction Studies Group, Soraya Tremayne (Director of the FRSG) discusses 'Third party donation and the 'happy family' rhetoric in Iran'. 17 November 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | fertility | iran | Reproduction | anthropology | fertility | iran | Reproduction

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Embodiment: Taking Sociality Seriously

Description

A very wise person of our acquaintance once said, 'Read old books to get new ideas'. Here, we pursue the ideas presented in old books by Lev Vygotsky and George Herbert Mead as a means to account for the differences in social life between human and non-human primates and, by extension, their cognition. We consider the contrasting perspectives of Vygotsky and Mead on the links between thought and language, and relate these to subsequent developments in the study of animal cognition, and the emergence of the fields of embodied and distributed cognition. We then use this synthesis to argue that, as Wundt originally suggested, the study of social life must be fundamentally social and situated, and cannot be a laboratory endeavour focused solely on processes within individuals. We use develo Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Meat and Health

Description

In this Health, Environment and Development seminar, Peter Scarborough (a UL in Public Health) discusses the impact of achieving environmental sustainable diets on deaths from cardiovascular disease and cancer in the UK. 18 October 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | Environment | cancer | disease | diet | anthropology | Environment | cancer | disease | diet

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Cortico-cerebellar Evolution and the Distributed Neural Basis of Cognition

Description

Biologists interested in cognitive evolution have focussed on the dramatic expansion of the forebrain, particularly the neocortex, in lineages such as primates. Another structure, however - the cerebellum - contains four to five times more neurons than the neocortex, is massively and reciprocally inter-connected with it via intermediate nuclei, has complex cognitive and learning functions, and yet has been largely ignored in accounts of cognitive evolution. This talk explores the correlated evolution and ontogeny of neocortex, cerebellum and associated structures and the implications of such patterns for understanding the neural basis of cognition. Consistent with the idea of embodied cognition, brain size is associated with specific sensory-motor specializations. The results emphasize the Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Brain microcircuits in champanzees and humans

Description

Stephen Chance of the Neuroanatomy and Cognition Group, based at the John Radcliffe Hospital in Oxford, presents insights into IQ and social cognition in chimpanzees and humans. An ICEA Seminar from 1 June 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | cognition | primates | human evolution | anthropology | cognition | primates | human evolution

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Mystery of Cumulative Culture

Description

Human demographic and ecological success is frequently attributed to our capacity for cumulative culture, which allows human knowledge and technology to build up and improve over time. Yet it remains a mystery why other animals might possess socially learned traditions but lack this capacity for cumulative cultural knowledge gain. Nor is it immediately apparent what cognitive, social or demographic factors are necessary for accumulation to occur. Here I explore the factors that led to the evolution of the human cultural capability, drawing on a combination of experimental and theoretical approaches. I will present insights from the social learning strategies tournament, and comparative statistical analyses of primate social learning, which together imply that there may have been selection Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Venom, pollinators and parasites

Description

Anna Nekaris of Oxford Brookes University discusses 'how the poisonous slow loris may reveal the origins of social grooming amongst primates'. An ICEA seminar from 2 November 2011. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | primates | human evolution | anthropology | primates | human evolution

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Cultural Inheritance of Cultural Learning

Description

It is widely acknowledged that the cumulative cultural inheritance of technological skills and social practices has played a major role in shaping the ways of life of modern humans. The term 'cultural learning' refers to the psychological processes that make cultural inheritance possible. Curiously, even those researchers who have been most influential in demonstrating the importance of cultural inheritance emphasise that cultural learning depends on gene-based psychological adaptations. Like Evolutionary Psychologists, they assume that cultural learning is made possible by genetically-evolved, human-specific and domain-specific cognitive processes. I will suggest that these assumptions are not supported by recent research on social learning and imitation, social decision-making, and soc Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | anthropology | evolution | cognitve | human | Social Sciences | 2011-06-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Extreme climatic events as drivers of early human behaviour in Africa?

Description

In this seminar for the Institute of Cognitive and Evolutionary Anthropology, Sallie Burrough of Oxford University's School of Geography and the Environment presents an environmental perspective from the Kalahari Desert (23/11/11). Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

Environment | anthropology | Africa | human evolution | Environment | anthropology | Africa | human evolution

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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