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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT) 12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition. This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | atmospheric physics | computer codes | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | Mie theory | Mie theory | numerical solutions | numerical solutions | inverse problems | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition | atmospheric composition

License

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT) 12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition. This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | atmospheric physics | computer codes | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | Mie theory | Mie theory | numerical solutions | numerical solutions | inverse problems | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition | atmospheric composition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT) 12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition. This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | atmospheric physics | computer codes | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | Mie theory | Mie theory | numerical solutions | numerical solutions | inverse problems | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition | atmospheric composition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.333 Atmospheric and Ocean Circulations (MIT) 12.333 Atmospheric and Ocean Circulations (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will look at many important aspects of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, from length scales of meters to thousands of km and time scales ranging from seconds to years. We will assume familiarity with concepts covered in course 12.003 (Physics of the Fluid Earth). In the early stages of the present course, we will make somewhat greater use of math than did 12.003, but the math we will use is no more than that encountered in elementary electromagnetic field theory, for example. The focus of the course is on the physics of the phenomena which we will discuss. In this course, we will look at many important aspects of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, from length scales of meters to thousands of km and time scales ranging from seconds to years. We will assume familiarity with concepts covered in course 12.003 (Physics of the Fluid Earth). In the early stages of the present course, we will make somewhat greater use of math than did 12.003, but the math we will use is no more than that encountered in elementary electromagnetic field theory, for example. The focus of the course is on the physics of the phenomena which we will discuss.

Subjects

atmospheric and oceanic phenomena | atmospheric and oceanic phenomena | observations | observations | theoretical interpretations | theoretical interpretations | monsoons | monsoons | El Ni?o | El Ni?o | planetary waves | planetary waves | atmospheric synoptic eddies and fronts | atmospheric synoptic eddies and fronts | gulf stream rings | gulf stream rings | hurricanes | hurricanes | surface and internal gravity waves | surface and internal gravity waves | tides | tides | shallow water gravity waves | shallow water gravity waves | deep water gravity waves | deep water gravity waves | internal gravity waves | internal gravity waves | large-scale motions | large-scale motions | rotating earth | rotating earth | Rossby waves | Rossby waves | planetary scale motions | planetary scale motions | baroclinic instability | baroclinic instability | midlatitude storms | midlatitude storms | equatorial atmosphere | equatorial atmosphere | equatorial ocean | equatorial ocean | southern oscillation | southern oscillation | tropical cyclones | tropical cyclones | typhoons | typhoons

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | Mie theory | numerical solutions | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT) 12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence

Subjects

atmosphere | atmosphere | meteorology | meteorology | climate | climate | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | general circulation | general circulation | atmospheric waves | atmospheric waves | Rossby waves | Rossby waves | stationary waves | stationary waves | atmospheric turbulence | atmospheric turbulence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | Mie theory | numerical solutions | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | Mie theory | numerical solutions | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.346 Astrodynamics (MIT) 16.346 Astrodynamics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. This course covers the fundamentals of astrodynamics, focusing on the two-body orbital initial-value and boundary-value problems with applications to space vehicle navigation and guidance for lunar and planetary missions, including both powered flight and midcourse maneuvers. Other topics include celestial mechanics, Kepler's problem, Lambert's problem, orbit determination, multi-body methods, mission planning, and recursive algorithms for space navigation. Selected applications from the Apollo, Space Shuttle, and Mars exploration programs are also discussed. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. This course covers the fundamentals of astrodynamics, focusing on the two-body orbital initial-value and boundary-value problems with applications to space vehicle navigation and guidance for lunar and planetary missions, including both powered flight and midcourse maneuvers. Other topics include celestial mechanics, Kepler's problem, Lambert's problem, orbit determination, multi-body methods, mission planning, and recursive algorithms for space navigation. Selected applications from the Apollo, Space Shuttle, and Mars exploration programs are also discussed.

Subjects

space navigation | space navigation | two body problem | two body problem | boundary value problem | boundary value problem | Kepler | Kepler | astrodynamics | astrodynamics | orbital transfer | orbital transfer | satellite | satellite | hyperbolic orbits | hyperbolic orbits | planetary flybys | planetary flybys | hypergeometric functions | hypergeometric functions | flight guidance | flight guidance | three body problem | three body problem | Clohessy-Wiltshire equation | Clohessy-Wiltshire equation | Hodograph plane | Hodograph plane | Battin-vaughan formulation | Battin-vaughan formulation | atmospheric drag | atmospheric drag | disturbing function | disturbing function

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.333 Atmospheric and Ocean Circulations (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will look at many important aspects of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean, from length scales of meters to thousands of km and time scales ranging from seconds to years. We will assume familiarity with concepts covered in course 12.003 (Physics of the Fluid Earth). In the early stages of the present course, we will make somewhat greater use of math than did 12.003, but the math we will use is no more than that encountered in elementary electromagnetic field theory, for example. The focus of the course is on the physics of the phenomena which we will discuss.

Subjects

atmospheric and oceanic phenomena | observations | theoretical interpretations | monsoons | El Ni?o | planetary waves | atmospheric synoptic eddies and fronts | gulf stream rings | hurricanes | surface and internal gravity waves | tides | shallow water gravity waves | deep water gravity waves | internal gravity waves | large-scale motions | rotating earth | Rossby waves | planetary scale motions | baroclinic instability | midlatitude storms | equatorial atmosphere | equatorial ocean | southern oscillation | tropical cyclones | typhoons

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.804 Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab (MIT) 12.804 Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab (MIT)

Description

12.804 is a laboratory accompaniment to 12.803, Quasi-balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres. The subject includes analysis of observations of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments. Student projects illustrate the basic principles of potential vorticity conservation and inversion, Rossby wave propagation, baroclinic instability, and the behavior of isolated vortices. 12.804 is a laboratory accompaniment to 12.803, Quasi-balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres. The subject includes analysis of observations of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments. Student projects illustrate the basic principles of potential vorticity conservation and inversion, Rossby wave propagation, baroclinic instability, and the behavior of isolated vortices.

Subjects

flow dynamics laboratory | flow dynamics laboratory | oceanic | oceanic | atmospheric | atmospheric | quasi-balanced flows | quasi-balanced flows | computational models | computational models | rotating tank experiments | rotating tank experiments | potential vorticity conservation | potential vorticity conservation | potential vorticity inversion | potential vorticity inversion | Rossby waves | Rossby waves | Rossby wave propagation | Rossby wave propagation | baroclinic instability | baroclinic instability | vortices | vortices

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.84J Atmospheric Chemistry (MIT) 1.84J Atmospheric Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course provides a detailed overview of the chemical transformations that control the abundances of key trace species in the Earth's atmosphere. Emphasizes the effects of human activity on air quality and climate. Topics include photochemistry, kinetics, and thermodynamics important to the chemistry of the atmosphere; stratospheric ozone depletion; oxidation chemistry of the troposphere; photochemical smog; aerosol chemistry; and sources and sinks of greenhouse gases and other climate forcers. This course provides a detailed overview of the chemical transformations that control the abundances of key trace species in the Earth's atmosphere. Emphasizes the effects of human activity on air quality and climate. Topics include photochemistry, kinetics, and thermodynamics important to the chemistry of the atmosphere; stratospheric ozone depletion; oxidation chemistry of the troposphere; photochemical smog; aerosol chemistry; and sources and sinks of greenhouse gases and other climate forcers.

Subjects

Photochemistry | Photochemistry | specstrocopy | specstrocopy | chemical kinetics | chemical kinetics | stratospheric chemistry | stratospheric chemistry | tropospheric chemistry | tropospheric chemistry | reactive nitrogen chemistry | reactive nitrogen chemistry | oxidized chemistry | oxidized chemistry | aerosol chemistry | aerosol chemistry | atmospheric aqueous chemistry | atmospheric aqueous chemistry | climate change | climate change | acid rain | acid rain | ozone pollution | ozone pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.335 Experimental Atmospheric Chemistry (MIT) 12.335 Experimental Atmospheric Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the atmospheric chemistry involved in climate change, air pollution and biogeochemical cycles using a combination of hands-on laboratory, field studies, and simple computer models. Lectures will be accompanied by field trips to collect air samples for the analysis of gases, aerosols and clouds by the students. This course provides an introduction to the atmospheric chemistry involved in climate change, air pollution and biogeochemical cycles using a combination of hands-on laboratory, field studies, and simple computer models. Lectures will be accompanied by field trips to collect air samples for the analysis of gases, aerosols and clouds by the students.

Subjects

atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate change | climate change | air pollution | air pollution | urban environment | urban environment | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | gases | gases | aerosols | aerosols | precipitation | precipitation | photochemistry | photochemistry

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Explorer XVII Satellite Explorer XVII Satellite

Description

Subjects

gsfc | gsfc | goddardspaceflightcenter | goddardspaceflightcenter | explorerxviiatmosphericsatellite | explorerxviiatmosphericsatellite

License

No known copyright restrictions

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12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence

Subjects

atmosphere | meteorology | climate | Hadley circulation | general circulation | atmospheric waves | Rossby waves | stationary waves | atmospheric turbulence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.340 Global Warming Science (MIT) 12.340 Global Warming Science (MIT)

Description

This course provides students with a scientific foundation of anthropogenic climate change and an introduction to climate models. It focuses on fundamental physical processes that shape climate (e.g. solar variability, orbital mechanics, greenhouse gases, atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and volcanic and soil aerosols) and on evidence for past and present climate change. During the course they discuss material consequences of climate change, including sea level change, variations in precipitation, vegetation, storminess, and the incidence of disease. This course also examines the science behind mitigation and adaptation proposals. This course provides students with a scientific foundation of anthropogenic climate change and an introduction to climate models. It focuses on fundamental physical processes that shape climate (e.g. solar variability, orbital mechanics, greenhouse gases, atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and volcanic and soil aerosols) and on evidence for past and present climate change. During the course they discuss material consequences of climate change, including sea level change, variations in precipitation, vegetation, storminess, and the incidence of disease. This course also examines the science behind mitigation and adaptation proposals.

Subjects

climate change | climate change | climate model | climate model | solar variability | solar variability | orbital mechanics | orbital mechanics | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | atmospheric circulation | atmospheric circulation | oceanic circulation | oceanic circulation | volcanic aerosols | volcanic aerosols | soil aerosols | soil aerosols | precipitation | precipitation | vegetation | vegetation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files. This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | 5. Micropaleontological | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | 5. Micropaleontological | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | Micropaleontological | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | Micropaleontological | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes

License

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history | Oxygen Isotope | Oxygen Isotope | Coral Reefs | Coral Reefs | Paleoceanography | Paleoceanography | Paleoclimatology | Paleoclimatology | Paleothermometry | Paleothermometry | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Ocean Chemistry | Ocean Chemistry | Salinity | Salinity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.000 Solving Complex Problems (MIT) 12.000 Solving Complex Problems (MIT)

Description

12.000 Solving Complex Problems is designed to provide students the opportunity to work as part of a team to propose solutions to a complex problem that requires an interdisciplinary approach. For the students of the class of 2013, 12.000 will revolve around the issues associated with what we can and must do about the steadily increasing amounts CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere.Each year's class explores a different problem in detail through the study of complementary case histories and the development of creative solution strategies. It includes training in Web site development, effective written and oral communication, and team building. Initially developed with major financial support from the d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in Education, 12.000 is designed to enhance the freshman exper 12.000 Solving Complex Problems is designed to provide students the opportunity to work as part of a team to propose solutions to a complex problem that requires an interdisciplinary approach. For the students of the class of 2013, 12.000 will revolve around the issues associated with what we can and must do about the steadily increasing amounts CO2 in Earth’s atmosphere.Each year's class explores a different problem in detail through the study of complementary case histories and the development of creative solution strategies. It includes training in Web site development, effective written and oral communication, and team building. Initially developed with major financial support from the d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in Education, 12.000 is designed to enhance the freshman exper

Subjects

carbon sequestration | carbon sequestration | atmospheric carbon dioxide | atmospheric carbon dioxide | greenhouse gas emissions | greenhouse gas emissions | carbon capture | carbon capture | carbon transport | carbon transport | integrated global solution | integrated global solution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.472 Building Earth-like Planets: From Nebular Gas to Ocean Worlds (MIT) 12.472 Building Earth-like Planets: From Nebular Gas to Ocean Worlds (MIT)

Description

This course covers examination of the state of knowledge of planetary formation, beginning with planetary nebulas and continuing through accretion (from gas, to dust, to planetesimals, to planetary embryos, to planets). It also includes processes of planetary differentiation, crust formation, atmospheric degassing, and surface water condensation. This course has integrated discussions of compositional and physical processes, based upon observations from our solar system and from exoplanets. Focus on terrestrial (rocky and metallic) planets, though more volatile-rich bodies are also examined. This course covers examination of the state of knowledge of planetary formation, beginning with planetary nebulas and continuing through accretion (from gas, to dust, to planetesimals, to planetary embryos, to planets). It also includes processes of planetary differentiation, crust formation, atmospheric degassing, and surface water condensation. This course has integrated discussions of compositional and physical processes, based upon observations from our solar system and from exoplanets. Focus on terrestrial (rocky and metallic) planets, though more volatile-rich bodies are also examined.

Subjects

planets | planets | planetary formation | planetary formation | nebulas | nebulas | planetesimals | planetesimals | embryos | embryos | dust accretion | dust accretion | atmospheric degassing | atmospheric degassing | surface water | surface water | magma ocean processes | magma ocean processes | volatiles | volatiles | habitability | habitability | biosignatures | biosignatures

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history | Oxygen Isotope | Oxygen Isotope | Coral Reefs | Coral Reefs | Paleoceanography | Paleoceanography | Paleoclimatology | Paleoclimatology | Paleothermometry | Paleothermometry | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Ocean Chemistry | Ocean Chemistry | Salinity | Salinity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.800 Fluid Dynamics of the Atmosphere and Ocean (MIT) 12.800 Fluid Dynamics of the Atmosphere and Ocean (MIT)

Description

This class introduces fluid dynamics to first year graduate students. The aim is to help students acquire an understanding of some of the basic concepts of fluid dynamics that will be needed as a foundation for advanced courses in atmospheric science, physical oceanography, ocean engineering, etc. The emphasis will be on fluid fundamentals, but with an atmosphere/ocean twist.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site. File decompression software, such as Winzip® or StuffIt®, is required to open the .zip files found on this course site. This class introduces fluid dynamics to first year graduate students. The aim is to help students acquire an understanding of some of the basic concepts of fluid dynamics that will be needed as a foundation for advanced courses in atmospheric science, physical oceanography, ocean engineering, etc. The emphasis will be on fluid fundamentals, but with an atmosphere/ocean twist.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site. File decompression software, such as Winzip® or StuffIt®, is required to open the .zip files found on this course site.

Subjects

meteorology | meteorology | climate | climate | oceanography | oceanography | Eulerian and Lagrangian kinematics | Eulerian and Lagrangian kinematics | mass | mass | momentum | momentum | energy | energy | Vorticity | Vorticity | divergence Scaling | divergence Scaling | geostrophic approximation | geostrophic approximation | Ekman layers | Ekman layers | Vortex motion | Vortex motion | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | atmospheric science | atmospheric science | physical oceanography | physical oceanography | ocean engineering | ocean engineering | oceans | oceans | fluid flow | fluid flow | conservation equations | conservation equations | vortex flows | vortex flows | circulation | circulation | Earth | Earth | rotation | rotation | GFD kinematics | GFD kinematics | waves | waves | Eulerian kinematics | Eulerian kinematics | Lagrangian kinematics | Lagrangian kinematics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The Americas and Hurricane Andrew The Americas and Hurricane Andrew

Description

Subjects

noaa | noaa | hurricaneandrew | hurricaneandrew | nationaloceanicandatmosphericadministration | nationaloceanicandatmosphericadministration | goes7 | goes7

License

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STS-45 Launch

Description

Subjects

atlantis | atlas1 | sts45launch | atmosphericlaboratoryforapplicationsandscience1

License

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