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12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT) 12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT)

Description

The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data. The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | 1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | pressure and density | Convection | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Humidity | Convective clouds | Convective clouds | Temperature | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Winds | Fluids in motion | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | ocean | ocean | seawater | seawater | salinity | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT) 12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall. Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | 1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | pressure and density | Convection | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Humidity | Convective clouds | Convective clouds | Temperature | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Winds | Fluids in motion | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | ocean | ocean | seawater | seawater | salinity | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.020 Ecology II: Engineering for Sustainability (MIT) 1.020 Ecology II: Engineering for Sustainability (MIT)

Description

This course provides a review of physical, chemical, ecological, and economic principles used to examine interactions between humans and the natural environment. Mass balance concepts are applied to ecology, chemical kinetics, hydrology, and transportation; energy balance concepts are applied to building design, ecology, and climate change; and economic and life cycle concepts are applied to resource evaluation and engineering design. Numerical models are used to integrate concepts and to assess environmental impacts of human activities. Problem sets involve development of MATLAB® models for particular engineering applications. Some experience with computer programming is helpful but not essential. This course provides a review of physical, chemical, ecological, and economic principles used to examine interactions between humans and the natural environment. Mass balance concepts are applied to ecology, chemical kinetics, hydrology, and transportation; energy balance concepts are applied to building design, ecology, and climate change; and economic and life cycle concepts are applied to resource evaluation and engineering design. Numerical models are used to integrate concepts and to assess environmental impacts of human activities. Problem sets involve development of MATLAB® models for particular engineering applications. Some experience with computer programming is helpful but not essential.

Subjects

modeling | modeling | matlab | matlab | human impact on environment | human impact on environment | economics | economics | natural resources | natural resources | assessment of model predictions | assessment of model predictions | mass balance | mass balance | energy balance | energy balance | mass transport | mass transport | energy transport | energy transport | resource economics | resource economics | life cycle analysis | life cycle analysis | chemical kinetics | chemical kinetics | population modeling | population modeling | pesticides | pesticides | nutrients | nutrients | building energy | building energy | air quality | air quality | crop irrigation | crop irrigation | groundwater | groundwater

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.51 Affective Priming at Short and Extremely Short Exposures (MIT) 9.51 Affective Priming at Short and Extremely Short Exposures (MIT)

Description

This course is an investigation of affective priming and creation of rigorously counterbalanced, fully computerized testing paradigm. Includes background readings, study design, counterbalancing, study execution, data analysis, presentation of poster, and final paper. This course is an investigation of affective priming and creation of rigorously counterbalanced, fully computerized testing paradigm. Includes background readings, study design, counterbalancing, study execution, data analysis, presentation of poster, and final paper.

Subjects

affective priming | affective priming | learning | learning | memory | memory | retention | retention | testing paradigm | testing paradigm | study design | study design | counterbalancin | counterbalancin | imaging | imaging | fMRI | fMRI | counterbalancing | counterbalancing

License

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10.52 Mechanics of Fluids (MIT) 10.52 Mechanics of Fluids (MIT)

Description

This course is an advanced subject in fluid and continuum mechanics. The course content includes kinematics, macroscopic balances for linear and angular momentum, stress tensors, creeping flows and the lubrication approximation, the boundary layer approximation, linear stability theory, and some simple turbulent flows. This course is an advanced subject in fluid and continuum mechanics. The course content includes kinematics, macroscopic balances for linear and angular momentum, stress tensors, creeping flows and the lubrication approximation, the boundary layer approximation, linear stability theory, and some simple turbulent flows.

Subjects

fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | continuum mechanics | continuum mechanics | kinematics | kinematics | macroscopic balances for linear momentum | macroscopic balances for linear momentum | macroscopic balances for angular momentum | macroscopic balances for angular momentum | the stress tensor | the stress tensor | creeping flows | creeping flows | lubrication approximation | lubrication approximation | boundary layer approximation | boundary layer approximation | linear stability theory | linear stability theory | simple turbulent flows | simple turbulent flows

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.803 Quasi-Balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres (MIT) 12.803 Quasi-Balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres (MIT)

Description

This course introduces the students to dynamics of large-scale circulations in oceans and atmospheres. Basic concepts include mass and momentum conservation, hydrostatic and geostrophic balance, and pressure and other vertical coordinates. It covers the topics of fundamental conservation and balance principles for large-scale flow, generation and dissipation of quasi-balanced eddies, as well as equilibrated quasi-balanced systems. Examples of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments can be found in the accompaniment laboratory course 12.804, Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab. This course introduces the students to dynamics of large-scale circulations in oceans and atmospheres. Basic concepts include mass and momentum conservation, hydrostatic and geostrophic balance, and pressure and other vertical coordinates. It covers the topics of fundamental conservation and balance principles for large-scale flow, generation and dissipation of quasi-balanced eddies, as well as equilibrated quasi-balanced systems. Examples of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments can be found in the accompaniment laboratory course 12.804, Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab.

Subjects

hydrostatic balance | hydrostatic balance | geostrophic balance | geostrophic balance | barotropic vorticity equation | barotropic vorticity equation | shallow water equations | shallow water equations | geostrophic adjustment | geostrophic adjustment | stratified atmospheres and oceans | stratified atmospheres and oceans | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | quasi-geostrophic equations | quasi-geostrophic equations | pseudo potential vorticity | pseudo potential vorticity | Rayleigh | Rayleigh | Fjortoft and Chanrey-Stern theorems | Fjortoft and Chanrey-Stern theorems | frontogenesis | frontogenesis | semigeostrophy. | semigeostrophy.

License

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15.515 Financial Accounting (MIT) 15.515 Financial Accounting (MIT)

Description

Our goal is to help you develop a framework for understanding financial, managerial, and tax reports. The course goal is divided into five subordinate challenges that can help you organize the way you learn accounting: The record keeping and reporting challenge The computation challenge The judgment challenge The usage challenge The search challenge The course adopts a decision-maker perspective of accounting by emphasizing the relation between accounting data and the underlying economic events generating them. Restricted to first-year Sloan MBA students. Acknowledgements Acknowledgment is hereby given to Professor G. Peter Wilson for his authorship of the following content in this course: The Five Challenges (see Syllabus and Lecture 1) "What Do Intel and Accountants Have in Common? Our goal is to help you develop a framework for understanding financial, managerial, and tax reports. The course goal is divided into five subordinate challenges that can help you organize the way you learn accounting: The record keeping and reporting challenge The computation challenge The judgment challenge The usage challenge The search challenge The course adopts a decision-maker perspective of accounting by emphasizing the relation between accounting data and the underlying economic events generating them. Restricted to first-year Sloan MBA students. Acknowledgements Acknowledgment is hereby given to Professor G. Peter Wilson for his authorship of the following content in this course: The Five Challenges (see Syllabus and Lecture 1) "What Do Intel and Accountants Have in Common?

Subjects

acquisitions | acquisitions | finances | finances | financial accounting | financial accounting | balancing the books | balancing the books | accountants | accountants | accrual accounting | accrual accounting | cash basis | cash basis | financial statements | financial statements | bookkeeping | bookkeeping | income statement | income statement | balance sheet | balance sheet | retained earnings | retained earnings | fiscal period | fiscal period | statement of cash flows | statement of cash flows | statement of owners' equity | statement of owners' equity | financial ratios | financial ratios | profits and losses | profits and losses | recognizing revenue | recognizing revenue | doubtful accounts | doubtful accounts | income | income | expenses | expenses | analyzing financial records | analyzing financial records | LIFO | LIFO | FIFO | FIFO | cost of goods sold | cost of goods sold | depreciation | depreciation | taxes | taxes | securities | securities | debt | debt | valuation | valuation | valuing a company | valuing a company

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.51 Affective Priming at Short and Extremely Short Exposures (MIT) 9.51 Affective Priming at Short and Extremely Short Exposures (MIT)

Description

This course is an investigation of affective priming and creation of rigorously counterbalanced, fully computerized testing paradigm. Includes background readings, study design, counterbalancing, study execution, data analysis, presentation of poster, and final paper. This course is an investigation of affective priming and creation of rigorously counterbalanced, fully computerized testing paradigm. Includes background readings, study design, counterbalancing, study execution, data analysis, presentation of poster, and final paper.

Subjects

affective priming | affective priming | learning | learning | memory | memory | retention | retention | testing paradigm | testing paradigm | study design | study design | counterbalancin | counterbalancin | imaging | imaging | fMRI | fMRI | counterbalancing | counterbalancing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT)

Description

The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Convective clouds | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | ocean | seawater | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Convective clouds | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | ocean | seawater | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.804 Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab (MIT) 12.804 Large-scale Flow Dynamics Lab (MIT)

Description

12.804 is a laboratory accompaniment to 12.803, Quasi-balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres. The subject includes analysis of observations of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments. Student projects illustrate the basic principles of potential vorticity conservation and inversion, Rossby wave propagation, baroclinic instability, and the behavior of isolated vortices. 12.804 is a laboratory accompaniment to 12.803, Quasi-balanced Circulations in Oceans and Atmospheres. The subject includes analysis of observations of oceanic and atmospheric quasi-balanced flows, computational models, and rotating tank experiments. Student projects illustrate the basic principles of potential vorticity conservation and inversion, Rossby wave propagation, baroclinic instability, and the behavior of isolated vortices.

Subjects

flow dynamics laboratory | flow dynamics laboratory | oceanic | oceanic | atmospheric | atmospheric | quasi-balanced flows | quasi-balanced flows | computational models | computational models | rotating tank experiments | rotating tank experiments | potential vorticity conservation | potential vorticity conservation | potential vorticity inversion | potential vorticity inversion | Rossby waves | Rossby waves | Rossby wave propagation | Rossby wave propagation | baroclinic instability | baroclinic instability | vortices | vortices

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.020 Ecology II: Engineering for Sustainability (MIT) 1.020 Ecology II: Engineering for Sustainability (MIT)

Description

This course covers the use of ecological and thermodynamic principles to examine interactions between humans and the natural environment. Topics include conservation and constitutive laws, box models, feedback, thermodynamic concepts, energy in natural and engineered systems, basic transport concepts, life cycle analysis and related economic methods.Topics such as renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, green buildings, and mitigation of climate change are illustrated with quantitative case studies. Case studies are team-oriented and may include numerical simulations and design exercises. Some programming experience is desirable but not a prerequisite. Instruction and practice in oral and written communication are provided. This course covers the use of ecological and thermodynamic principles to examine interactions between humans and the natural environment. Topics include conservation and constitutive laws, box models, feedback, thermodynamic concepts, energy in natural and engineered systems, basic transport concepts, life cycle analysis and related economic methods.Topics such as renewable energy, sustainable agriculture, green buildings, and mitigation of climate change are illustrated with quantitative case studies. Case studies are team-oriented and may include numerical simulations and design exercises. Some programming experience is desirable but not a prerequisite. Instruction and practice in oral and written communication are provided.

Subjects

systems | systems | conservation laws | conservation laws | constitutive laws | constitutive laws | box models | box models | mass conservation | mass conservation | perturbation methods | perturbation methods | thermodymanics | thermodymanics | heat transfer | heat transfer | enthalpy | enthalpy | entropy | entropy | multiphase systems | multiphase systems | mass and energy balances | mass and energy balances | energy supply options | energy supply options | economic value | economic value | natural resources | natural resources | multiobjective analysis | multiobjective analysis | life cycle analysis | life cycle analysis | mass and energy transport | mass and energy transport | green buildings | green buildings | transportation modeling | transportation modeling | renewable energy | renewable energy | climate modeling | climate modeling

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.301 Climate Physics and Chemistry (MIT) 12.301 Climate Physics and Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history; methods for detecting climate change, including proxies, ice cores, instrumental records, and time series analysis; physical and chemical processes in climate, including primordial atmosphere, ozone chemistry, carbon and oxygen cycles, and heat and water budgets; internal feedback mechanisms, including ice, aerosols, water vapor, clouds, and ocean circulation; climate forcing, including orbital variations, volcanism, plate tectonics, and solar variability; climate models and mechanisms of variability, including energy balance, coupled models, and global ocean and atmosphere models; and outstanding problems. This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history; methods for detecting climate change, including proxies, ice cores, instrumental records, and time series analysis; physical and chemical processes in climate, including primordial atmosphere, ozone chemistry, carbon and oxygen cycles, and heat and water budgets; internal feedback mechanisms, including ice, aerosols, water vapor, clouds, and ocean circulation; climate forcing, including orbital variations, volcanism, plate tectonics, and solar variability; climate models and mechanisms of variability, including energy balance, coupled models, and global ocean and atmosphere models; and outstanding problems.

Subjects

climate | climate | climate change | climate change | proxies | proxies | ice cores | ice cores | primordial atmosphere | primordial atmosphere | ozone chemistry | ozone chemistry | carbon and oxygen cycles | carbon and oxygen cycles | heat and water budgets | heat and water budgets | aerosols | aerosols | water vapor | water vapor | clouds | clouds | ocean circulation | ocean circulation | orbital variations | orbital variations | volcanism | volcanism | plate tectonics | plate tectonics | solar system | solar system | solar variability | solar variability | climate model | climate model | energy balance | energy balance

License

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12.301 Past and Present Climate (12.301) / Climate Physics and Chemistry (12.842) (MIT) 12.301 Past and Present Climate (12.301) / Climate Physics and Chemistry (12.842) (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history. This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history.

Subjects

climate | climate | climate change | climate change | proxies | proxies | ice cores | ice cores | primordial atmosphere | primordial atmosphere | ozone chemistry | ozone chemistry | carbon and oxygen cycles | carbon and oxygen cycles | heat and water budgets | heat and water budgets | aerosols | aerosols | water vapor | water vapor | clouds | clouds | ocean circulation | ocean circulation | orbital variations | orbital variations | volcanism | volcanism | plate tectonics | plate tectonics | solar system | solar system | solar variability | solar variability | climate model | climate model | energy balance | energy balance

License

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11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs; the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development; determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government; evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions; and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors. This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs; the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development; determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government; evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions; and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors.

Subjects

basic economic concerns | basic economic concerns | political | political | institutional | institutional | and cultural factors | and cultural factors | decentralization in national economic reform programs | decentralization in national economic reform programs | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | political | institutional | and cultural factors | political | institutional | and cultural factors | developing countries | developing countries | public goods | public goods | externalities | externalities | economic development | economic development | balance sheets | balance sheets | fiscal gap | fiscal gap | revenues | revenues | expenditures | expenditures | budget deficits | budget deficits | inflation | inflation | public finance theory | public finance theory | efficiency | efficiency | optimal taxation | optimal taxation | optimal user fees | optimal user fees | basic microeconomic theory | basic microeconomic theory | equity | equity | incidence | incidence | general equilibrium model | general equilibrium model | property taxation | property taxation | tax reform | tax reform | intergovernmental fiscal relations | intergovernmental fiscal relations | fiscal federalism | fiscal federalism | decentralization | decentralization | transfers | transfers | international lending agencies | international lending agencies | programming assistance | programming assistance | conditionalities | conditionalities | public debt | public debt | structural adjustment | structural adjustment | private sector participation | private sector participation | microfinance | microfinance

License

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17.433 International Relations of East Asia (MIT) 17.433 International Relations of East Asia (MIT)

Description

The aim of this course is to introduce and analyze the international relations of East Asia. With four great powers, three nuclear weapons states, and two of the world's largest economies, East Asia is one of the most dynamic and consequential regions in world politics. This course will examine the sources of conflict and cooperation in both periods, assessing competing explanations for key events in East Asia's international relations. Readings will be drawn from international relations theory, political science and history. The aim of this course is to introduce and analyze the international relations of East Asia. With four great powers, three nuclear weapons states, and two of the world's largest economies, East Asia is one of the most dynamic and consequential regions in world politics. This course will examine the sources of conflict and cooperation in both periods, assessing competing explanations for key events in East Asia's international relations. Readings will be drawn from international relations theory, political science and history.

Subjects

International relations | International relations | East Asia | East Asia | great powers | great powers | nuclear weapons states | nuclear weapons states | largest economies | largest economies | world politics | world politics | Cold War | Cold War | competition | competition | conflict superpowers | conflict superpowers | post-Cold War era | post-Cold War era | global economy | global economy | balance | balance | power | power | cooperation | cooperation | theory | theory | political science | political science | history | history

License

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PE.730 Archery (MIT) PE.730 Archery (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This 12 session course is designed for the beginning or novice archer and uses recurve indoor target bows and equipment. The purpose of the course is to introduce students to the basic techniques of indoor target archery emphasizing the care and use of equipment, range safety, stance and shooting techniques, scoring and competition. Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This 12 session course is designed for the beginning or novice archer and uses recurve indoor target bows and equipment. The purpose of the course is to introduce students to the basic techniques of indoor target archery emphasizing the care and use of equipment, range safety, stance and shooting techniques, scoring and competition.

Subjects

archery | archery | bow | bow | arrow | arrow | stringing | stringing | tourney | tourney | technique | technique | release | release | aim | aim | firing | firing | grouping | grouping | clusters | clusters | safety | safety | stretching | stretching | video | video | high speed video | high speed video | stance | stance | sighting | sighting | speed shooting | speed shooting | balance | balance | musculature | musculature | tournaments | tournaments | distance | distance | accuracy | accuracy

License

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1.725J Chemicals in the Environment: Fate and Transport (MIT) 1.725J Chemicals in the Environment: Fate and Transport (MIT)

Description

This core class in the Environmental M.Eng. program is for all students interested in the behavior of chemicals in the environment. The emphasis is on man-made chemicals; their movement through water, air, and soil; and their eventual fate. Physical transport, as well as chemical and biological sources and sinks, are discussed. Linkages to health effects, sources and control, and policy aspects are discussed and debated. This core class in the Environmental M.Eng. program is for all students interested in the behavior of chemicals in the environment. The emphasis is on man-made chemicals; their movement through water, air, and soil; and their eventual fate. Physical transport, as well as chemical and biological sources and sinks, are discussed. Linkages to health effects, sources and control, and policy aspects are discussed and debated.

Subjects

control volumes | control volumes | mass balance | mass balance | advective/dispersive transport | advective/dispersive transport | chemical equilibria | chemical equilibria | mass action | mass action | electroneutrality | electroneutrality | mass conservation | mass conservation | chemical kinetics and partitioning | chemical kinetics and partitioning | river transport | river transport | lakes and wetlands and estuaries | lakes and wetlands and estuaries | sediment transport | sediment transport | bottom sediments | bottom sediments | paleolimnology | paleolimnology | air-water exchange | air-water exchange | major ion chemistry of natural waters | major ion chemistry of natural waters | D'Arcy's Law | D'Arcy's Law | 1.725 | 1.725

License

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1.033 Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy Approach (MIT) 1.033 Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy Approach (MIT)

Description

1.033 provides an introduction to continuum mechanics and material modeling of engineering materials based on first energy principles: deformation and strain; momentum balance, stress and stress states; elasticity and elasticity bounds; plasticity and yield design. The overarching theme is a unified mechanistic language using thermodynamics, which allows understanding, modeling and design of a large range of engineering materials. This course is offered both to undergraduate (1.033) and graduate (1.57) students. 1.033 provides an introduction to continuum mechanics and material modeling of engineering materials based on first energy principles: deformation and strain; momentum balance, stress and stress states; elasticity and elasticity bounds; plasticity and yield design. The overarching theme is a unified mechanistic language using thermodynamics, which allows understanding, modeling and design of a large range of engineering materials. This course is offered both to undergraduate (1.033) and graduate (1.57) students.

Subjects

continuum mechanics | continuum mechanics | material modeling | material modeling | engineering materials | engineering materials | energy principles: deformation and strain | energy principles: deformation and strain | momentum balance | momentum balance | stress | stress | stress states | stress states | elasticity and elasticity bounds | elasticity and elasticity bounds | plasticity | plasticity | yield design | yield design | first energy principles | first energy principles | deformation | deformation | strain | strain | elasticity bounds | elasticity bounds | unified mechanistic language | unified mechanistic language | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | engineering structures | engineering structures | unified framework | unified framework | irreversible processes | irreversible processes | structural engineering | structural engineering | soil mechanics | soil mechanics | mechanical engineering | mechanical engineering | materials science | materials science | solids | solids | durability mechanics | durability mechanics

License

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6.895 Theory of Parallel Systems (SMA 5509) (MIT) 6.895 Theory of Parallel Systems (SMA 5509) (MIT)

Description

6.895 covers theoretical foundations of general-purpose parallel computing systems, from languages to architecture. The focus is on the algorithmic underpinnings of parallel systems. The topics for the class will vary depending on student interest, but will likely include multithreading, synchronization, race detection, load balancing, memory consistency, routing networks, message-routing algorithms, and VLSI layout theory. The class will emphasize randomized algorithms and probabilistic analysis, including high-probability arguments. This course was also taught as part of the Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA) programme as course number SMA 5509 (Theory of Parallel Systems). 6.895 covers theoretical foundations of general-purpose parallel computing systems, from languages to architecture. The focus is on the algorithmic underpinnings of parallel systems. The topics for the class will vary depending on student interest, but will likely include multithreading, synchronization, race detection, load balancing, memory consistency, routing networks, message-routing algorithms, and VLSI layout theory. The class will emphasize randomized algorithms and probabilistic analysis, including high-probability arguments. This course was also taught as part of the Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA) programme as course number SMA 5509 (Theory of Parallel Systems).

Subjects

parallel systems | parallel systems | parallel computing | parallel computing | algorithms | algorithms | multithreading | multithreading | synchronization | synchronization | race detection | race detection | load balancing | load balancing | memory consistency | memory consistency | routing networks | routing networks | message-routing algorithms | message-routing algorithms | VLSI layout theory | VLSI layout theory | randomized algorithms | randomized algorithms | probabilistic analysis | probabilistic analysis | high-probability arguments | high-probability arguments

License

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10.492-1 Integrated Chemical Engineering Topics I: Process Control by Design (MIT) 10.492-1 Integrated Chemical Engineering Topics I: Process Control by Design (MIT)

Description

In the ICE-Topics courses, various chemical engineering problems are presented and analyzed in an industrial context. Emphasis is on the integration of fundamentals with material property estimation, process control, product development, and computer simulation. Integration of societal issues, such as engineering ethics, environmental and safety considerations, and impact of technology on society are addressed in the context of case studies.The broad context for this ICE-Topics module is the commonsense notion that, when designing something, one should plan for the off-normal conditions that may occur. A continuous process is conceived and designed as a steady-state operation. However, the process must start up, shut down, and operate in the event of disturbances, and so the time-varying b In the ICE-Topics courses, various chemical engineering problems are presented and analyzed in an industrial context. Emphasis is on the integration of fundamentals with material property estimation, process control, product development, and computer simulation. Integration of societal issues, such as engineering ethics, environmental and safety considerations, and impact of technology on society are addressed in the context of case studies.The broad context for this ICE-Topics module is the commonsense notion that, when designing something, one should plan for the off-normal conditions that may occur. A continuous process is conceived and designed as a steady-state operation. However, the process must start up, shut down, and operate in the event of disturbances, and so the time-varying b

Subjects

process control | process control | heat exchanger network | heat exchanger network | design | design | shower process | shower process | continuous chemical processes | continuous chemical processes | dynamic simulation | dynamic simulation | implementation | implementation | controllers | controllers | feedback structure | feedback structure | material model | material model | energy balance model | energy balance model | linearizing equations | linearizing equations | Relative Gain Array | Relative Gain Array | Disturbance Cost | Disturbance Cost | proportional control algorithm | proportional control algorithm | steady-state model | steady-state model | numerical linearization | numerical linearization | matrix operations | matrix operations | variable pairing | variable pairing | process simulators | process simulators | design process | design process | offset phenomenon | offset phenomenon | RGA | RGA | DC | DC | heat recovery scheme | heat recovery scheme

License

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11.364 International Environmental Negotiation (MIT) 11.364 International Environmental Negotiation (MIT)

Description

This seminar will explore the difficulties of getting agreement on global definitions of sustainability; in particularly building international support for efforts to combat climate change created by greenhouse gas emissions as well as other international resource management efforts. We will focus on possible changes in the way global environmental agreements are formulated and implemented, especially on ways of shifting from the current "pollution control" approach to combating climate change to a more comprehensive strategy for taking advantage of sustainable development opportunities. This seminar will explore the difficulties of getting agreement on global definitions of sustainability; in particularly building international support for efforts to combat climate change created by greenhouse gas emissions as well as other international resource management efforts. We will focus on possible changes in the way global environmental agreements are formulated and implemented, especially on ways of shifting from the current "pollution control" approach to combating climate change to a more comprehensive strategy for taking advantage of sustainable development opportunities.

Subjects

sustainability | sustainability | managing common resources | managing common resources | transboundary pollution control | transboundary pollution control | economic development | economic development | social development | social development | environmental resource protection | environmental resource protection | environmental protection standardsinternational negotiations | environmental protection standardsinternational negotiations | multi-lateral negotiations | multi-lateral negotiations | representation | representation | voting | voting | issue linkage | issue linkage | balancing science and politics | balancing science and politics | Climate Change Convention | Climate Change Convention

License

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11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs, the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development, determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government, evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions, and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors. This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs, the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development, determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government, evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions, and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors.

Subjects

basic economic concerns | basic economic concerns | political | political | institutional | institutional | and cultural factors | and cultural factors | decentralization in national economic reform programs | decentralization in national economic reform programs | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | political | institutional | and cultural factors | political | institutional | and cultural factors | developing countries | developing countries | public goods | public goods | externalities | externalities | economic development | economic development | balance sheets | balance sheets | fiscal gap | fiscal gap | revenues | revenues | expenditures | expenditures | budget deficits | budget deficits | inflation | inflation | public finance theory | public finance theory | efficiency | efficiency | optimal taxation | optimal taxation | optimal user fees | optimal user fees | basic microeconomic theory | basic microeconomic theory | equity | equity | incidence | incidence | general equilibrium model | general equilibrium model | property taxation | property taxation | tax reform | tax reform | intergovernmental fiscal relations | intergovernmental fiscal relations | fiscal federalism | fiscal federalism | decentralization | decentralization | transfers | transfers | international lending agencies | international lending agencies | programming assistance | programming assistance | conditionalities | conditionalities | public debt | public debt | structural adjustment | structural adjustment | private sector participation | private sector participation | microfinance | microfinance

License

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12.307 Weather and Climate Laboratory (MIT) 12.307 Weather and Climate Laboratory (MIT)

Description

Course 12.307 is an undergraduate course intended to illustrate, by means of 'hands on' projects, the basic dynamical and physical principles that govern the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and the day to day sequence of weather events.  The course parallels the content of the new undergraduate textbook Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb. Course 12.307 is an undergraduate course intended to illustrate, by means of 'hands on' projects, the basic dynamical and physical principles that govern the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and the day to day sequence of weather events.  The course parallels the content of the new undergraduate textbook Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb.

Subjects

Rotation stiffens fluids | Rotation stiffens fluids | Convection | Convection | Radial inflow | Radial inflow | Parabolic table | Parabolic table | inertial Circles | inertial Circles | Taylor Columns | Taylor Columns | Thermal Wind and Hadley Circulation | Thermal Wind and Hadley Circulation | Slope of a frontal surface | Slope of a frontal surface | Ekman layers | Ekman layers | Perrot's bathtub experiment | Perrot's bathtub experiment | Atmospheric General circulation | Atmospheric General circulation | Stress-driven circulation and Ekman layers | Stress-driven circulation and Ekman layers | Ocean gyres | Ocean gyres | Thermohaline Circulation | Thermohaline Circulation | Geostrophic/Ageostrophic Flow | Geostrophic/Ageostrophic Flow | Mass and Wind | Mass and Wind | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Baroclinic instability | Baroclinic instability | Hurricane Gustav | Hurricane Gustav

License

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12.842 Climate Physics and Chemistry (MIT) 12.842 Climate Physics and Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history. It is offered to both undergraduate and graduate students with different requirements. This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history. It is offered to both undergraduate and graduate students with different requirements.

Subjects

climate | climate | climate change | climate change | proxies | proxies | ice cores | ice cores | primordial atmosphere | primordial atmosphere | ozone chemistry | ozone chemistry | carbon and oxygen cycles | carbon and oxygen cycles | heat and water budgets | heat and water budgets | aerosols | aerosols | water vapor | water vapor | clouds | clouds | ocean circulation | ocean circulation | orbital variations | orbital variations | volcanism | volcanism | plate tectonics | plate tectonics | solar system | solar system | solar variability | solar variability | climate model | climate model | energy balance | energy balance

License

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