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CMS.S60 Technopanics: Moral Panics about Technology (MIT) CMS.S60 Technopanics: Moral Panics about Technology (MIT)

Description

Hacking and trolling; mass murders and bullying. What do these have in common? One theory holds that these are all "deviant" social behaviors, occurring both online and off, which have purportedly been brought about or exacerbated by our new media environment. Such aberrant behaviors seemingly give us ample reason to fear digital and social media. But is technology to blame? We will grapple with this question as we investigate how our understanding of new technologies and media is socially shaped and, in turn, how new media might influence our social behavior. We will begin by studying how similar panics about "old" media (books, film, television and even the written word itself) set historical precedents for these current fears. Along the way we will establish and exp Hacking and trolling; mass murders and bullying. What do these have in common? One theory holds that these are all "deviant" social behaviors, occurring both online and off, which have purportedly been brought about or exacerbated by our new media environment. Such aberrant behaviors seemingly give us ample reason to fear digital and social media. But is technology to blame? We will grapple with this question as we investigate how our understanding of new technologies and media is socially shaped and, in turn, how new media might influence our social behavior. We will begin by studying how similar panics about "old" media (books, film, television and even the written word itself) set historical precedents for these current fears. Along the way we will establish and exp

Subjects

hacking | hacking | trolling | trolling | hacker | hacker | troll | troll | mass-murder | mass-murder | bully | bully | deviance | deviance | deviant | deviant | new media | new media | old media | old media | middle-aged media | middle-aged media | media | media | technology | technology | behavior | behavior | otaku | otaku | artifact | artifact | politics | politics | society | society | outsiders | outsiders | marihuana | marihuana | control | control | moral | moral | panic | panic | writing | writing | print | print | plato | plato | phaedrus | phaedrus | jowett | jowett | conciousness | conciousness | orality | orality | literacy | literacy | anxieties | anxieties | anxiety | anxiety | modernity | modernity | penny | penny | dreadful | dreadful | juvenile | juvenile | crime | crime | delinquency | delinquency | delinquent | delinquent | children | children | television | television | chip | chip | regulation | regulation | seduction | seduction | innocence | innocence | innocent | innocent | movies | movies | film | film | Marx | Marx | Engles | Engles | Jenkins | Jenkins | ruling | ruling | lass | lass | gender | gender | youth | youth | sex | sex | violence | violence | digital | digital | threat | threat | treat | treat | affect | affect | virus | virus | body | body | stupid | stupid | facebook | facebook | bookface | bookface | google | google | internet | internet | book | book | identity | identity | deception | deception | virtual | virtual | community | community | flesh | flesh | reddit | reddit | vigilante | vigilante | weirdness | weirdness | crackdown | crackdown | Sterling | Sterling | Doctorow | Doctorow | pornography | pornography | predator | predator | porn | porn | terror | terror | terrorism | terrorism | grief | grief | resistance | resistance | drama | drama | teen | teen | gossip | gossip | network | network | public | public | private | private | video | video | game | game | videogame | videogame | columbine | columbine

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21W.035 Science Writing and New Media: Elements of Science Writing for the Public (MIT) 21W.035 Science Writing and New Media: Elements of Science Writing for the Public (MIT)

Description

This class is an introduction to writing about science–including nature, medicine, and technology–for general readers. In our reading and writing we explore the craft of making scientific concepts, and the work of scientists, accessible to the public through news articles and essays. The chief work of the class is students' writing. As part of our exploration of the craft of science writing, we will read essays and articles by writers such as David Quammen, Atul Gawande, Michael Pollan, and Elizabeth Kolbert. This class is an introduction to writing about science–including nature, medicine, and technology–for general readers. In our reading and writing we explore the craft of making scientific concepts, and the work of scientists, accessible to the public through news articles and essays. The chief work of the class is students' writing. As part of our exploration of the craft of science writing, we will read essays and articles by writers such as David Quammen, Atul Gawande, Michael Pollan, and Elizabeth Kolbert.

Subjects

writing | writing | science | science | technology | technology | communications | communications | medicine | medicine | public | public | public interest | public interest | science in the public interest | science in the public interest | education | education | literacy | literacy | science literacy | science literacy | scientific literacy | scientific literacy | nature | nature | nature writing | nature writing | craft | craft | process | process | scientists | scientists | news | news | article | article | essay | essay | write | write | read | read | composition | composition | revise | revise | revision | revision | rewrite | rewrite | archive | archive | archival | archival | history | history | history of science | history of science | history of technology | history of technology | history of medicine | history of medicine | history of nature | history of nature | nature of history | nature of history | nature of technology | nature of technology | technological history | technological history | medical history | medical history | science of history | science of history | writing history | writing history | history of writing | history of writing | writing history of history of science | writing history of history of science | interview | interview | interviewing | interviewing | publish | publish | publishing | publishing | teaching writing | teaching writing | writing teaching | writing teaching | book | book | book review | book review | writing book review | writing book review | discussion | discussion | draft | draft | drafting | drafting

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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15.515 Financial Accounting (MIT) 15.515 Financial Accounting (MIT)

Description

Our goal is to help you develop a framework for understanding financial, managerial, and tax reports. The course goal is divided into five subordinate challenges that can help you organize the way you learn accounting: The record keeping and reporting challenge The computation challenge The judgment challenge The usage challenge The search challenge The course adopts a decision-maker perspective of accounting by emphasizing the relation between accounting data and the underlying economic events generating them. Restricted to first-year Sloan MBA students. Acknowledgements Acknowledgment is hereby given to Professor G. Peter Wilson for his authorship of the following content in this course: The Five Challenges (see Syllabus and Lecture 1) "What Do Intel and Accountants Have in Common? Our goal is to help you develop a framework for understanding financial, managerial, and tax reports. The course goal is divided into five subordinate challenges that can help you organize the way you learn accounting: The record keeping and reporting challenge The computation challenge The judgment challenge The usage challenge The search challenge The course adopts a decision-maker perspective of accounting by emphasizing the relation between accounting data and the underlying economic events generating them. Restricted to first-year Sloan MBA students. Acknowledgements Acknowledgment is hereby given to Professor G. Peter Wilson for his authorship of the following content in this course: The Five Challenges (see Syllabus and Lecture 1) "What Do Intel and Accountants Have in Common?

Subjects

acquisitions | acquisitions | finances | finances | financial accounting | financial accounting | balancing the books | balancing the books | accountants | accountants | accrual accounting | accrual accounting | cash basis | cash basis | financial statements | financial statements | bookkeeping | bookkeeping | income statement | income statement | balance sheet | balance sheet | retained earnings | retained earnings | fiscal period | fiscal period | statement of cash flows | statement of cash flows | statement of owners' equity | statement of owners' equity | financial ratios | financial ratios | profits and losses | profits and losses | recognizing revenue | recognizing revenue | doubtful accounts | doubtful accounts | income | income | expenses | expenses | analyzing financial records | analyzing financial records | LIFO | LIFO | FIFO | FIFO | cost of goods sold | cost of goods sold | depreciation | depreciation | taxes | taxes | securities | securities | debt | debt | valuation | valuation | valuing a company | valuing a company

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.560 Smashing the Iron Rice Bowl: Chinese East Asia (MIT) 21H.560 Smashing the Iron Rice Bowl: Chinese East Asia (MIT)

Description

This subject examines the experiences of ordinary Chinese people as they lived through the tumultuous changes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We look at personal narratives, primary sources, films alongside a textbook to think about how individual and family lives connect with the broader processes of change in modern China. In the readings and discussions, you should focus on how major political events have an impact on the characters' daily lives, and how the decisions they make cause large-scale social transformation. This subject examines the experiences of ordinary Chinese people as they lived through the tumultuous changes of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. We look at personal narratives, primary sources, films alongside a textbook to think about how individual and family lives connect with the broader processes of change in modern China. In the readings and discussions, you should focus on how major political events have an impact on the characters' daily lives, and how the decisions they make cause large-scale social transformation.

Subjects

China; rice; bowl; Chinese; East Asia; ordinary people; nineteenth century; twentieth century; personal narratives; primary sources; films; textbook; individual; family; lives; change; modern; readings; discussions; political events; daily; decisions; large-scale; social; transformation. | China; rice; bowl; Chinese; East Asia; ordinary people; nineteenth century; twentieth century; personal narratives; primary sources; films; textbook; individual; family; lives; change; modern; readings; discussions; political events; daily; decisions; large-scale; social; transformation. | China | China | rice | rice | bowl | bowl | Chinese | Chinese | East Asia | East Asia | ordinary people | ordinary people | nineteenth century | nineteenth century | twentieth century | twentieth century | personal narratives | personal narratives | primary sources | primary sources | films | films | textbook | textbook | individual | individual | family | family | lives | lives | change | change | modern | modern | readings | readings | discussions | discussions | political events | political events | daily | daily | decisions | decisions | large-scale | large-scale | social | social | transformation | transformation | 21F.191 | 21F.191 | 21F.991 | 21F.991

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21L.715 Media in Cultural Context: Popular Readerships (MIT) 21L.715 Media in Cultural Context: Popular Readerships (MIT)

Description

What is the history of popular reading in the Western world? How does widespread access to print relate to distinctions between highbrow and lowbrow culture, between good taste and bad judgment, and between men and women readers? This course will introduce students to the broad history of popular reading and to controversies about taste and gender that have characterized its development. Our grounding in historical material will help make sense of our main focus: recent developments in the theory and practice of reading, including fan-fiction, Oprah's book club, comics, hypertext, mass-market romance fiction, mega-chain bookstores, and reader response theory. What is the history of popular reading in the Western world? How does widespread access to print relate to distinctions between highbrow and lowbrow culture, between good taste and bad judgment, and between men and women readers? This course will introduce students to the broad history of popular reading and to controversies about taste and gender that have characterized its development. Our grounding in historical material will help make sense of our main focus: recent developments in the theory and practice of reading, including fan-fiction, Oprah's book club, comics, hypertext, mass-market romance fiction, mega-chain bookstores, and reader response theory.

Subjects

popular reading | popular reading | highbrow culture | highbrow culture | lowbrow culture | lowbrow culture | gender | gender | taste | taste | theory and practice of reading | theory and practice of reading | fanfiction | fanfiction | fandom | fandom | Oprah | Oprah | comics | comics | hypertext | hypertext | mass-market romance fiction | mass-market romance fiction | mega-chain bookstore | mega-chain bookstore | reader response theory | reader response theory | Harry Potter | Harry Potter | sociology and history of reading | sociology and history of reading | resistance | resistance | rare books | rare books | fads | fads | social engineering | social engineering | bestseller | bestseller

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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CMS.801 Media in Transition (MIT) CMS.801 Media in Transition (MIT)

Description

This course centers on historical eras in which the form and function of media technologies were radically transformed. It includes consideration of the "Gutenberg Revolution," the rise of modern mass media, and the "digital revolution," among other case studies of media transformation and cultural change. Readings cover cultural and social history and historiographic methods. This course centers on historical eras in which the form and function of media technologies were radically transformed. It includes consideration of the "Gutenberg Revolution," the rise of modern mass media, and the "digital revolution," among other case studies of media transformation and cultural change. Readings cover cultural and social history and historiographic methods.

Subjects

Media | Media | mass media | mass media | history | history | Gutenberg | Gutenberg | cultural change | cultural change | cultural history | cultural history | social history | social history | historiographic method | historiographic method | books | books | medieval history | medieval history | codex book | codex book | writing | writing | printing | printing | printing press | printing press | stage | stage | theater | theater | renaissance | renaissance | romanticism | romanticism | modernity | modernity | inventions | inventions | photography | photography | nineteenth century | nineteenth century | image | image | telegraph | telegraph | electrification | electrification | communication | communication | Morse | Morse | Daguerreotype | Daguerreotype | Fox Talbot | Fox Talbot | phonograph | phonograph | sound recording | sound recording | radio | radio | broadcasting | broadcasting | film | film | video | video | cinema | cinema | publishing | publishing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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CMS.801 Media in Transition (MIT) CMS.801 Media in Transition (MIT)

Description

This course centers on historical eras in which the form and function of media technologies were radically transformed. It includes consideration of the "Gutenberg Revolution," the rise of modern mass media, and the "digital revolution," among other case studies of media transformation and cultural change. Readings are in cultural and social history and historiographic method. This course centers on historical eras in which the form and function of media technologies were radically transformed. It includes consideration of the "Gutenberg Revolution," the rise of modern mass media, and the "digital revolution," among other case studies of media transformation and cultural change. Readings are in cultural and social history and historiographic method.

Subjects

books | books | history of books | history of books | media | media | digital media | digital media | information management | information management | gutenberg revolution | gutenberg revolution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Spotted in the book shop

Description

This photograph is from the Robert Hope collection. Robert Hope was a resident of Newcastle upon Tyne. In the early 1970s he took out a bank loan to buy a Rolleiflex camera. Over the next few years he photographed various Newcastle scenes, including the Grainger Market and the demolition of housing estates in the West End of the city. Robert Hope died in 2001. Thanks to Steven Hope for donating the collection to Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums. (Copyright) We're happy for you to share this digital image within the spirit of The Commons. Please cite 'Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums' when reusing. Certain restrictions on high quality reproductions and commercial use of the original physical version apply though; if you're unsure - for image licensing enquiries please follow this link www.twmuseums.org.uk/image-licensing/

Subjects

newcastle | 1970s | blackandwhite | books | candid | workingenvironment | shoppers | shopping | portrait | worker | flares | bookcases | woman | wavyhair | directeyecontact | menandwomen | generalpublic | bookshop | early1970s | intriguing | everyday | mat | lights | socialhistory | photograph | digitalimage | roberthopecollection | newcastleupontyne | bankloan | rolleiflexcamera | photographer | newcastlescenes | graingermarket | housingestates | demolition | westend | city | artificiallight | interesting | unusual | ceiling | shelf | book | floor | pattern | carpet | tile | tie | shirt | trousers | coat | shoe | crease | plasticbag | dress | highheel | attentive | standing | trolley | shadow | screw | globe | world | cover | back | shoulder | man | people | community

License

No known copyright restrictions

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St Gallen, Cathedral, Switzerland St Gallen, Cathedral, Switzerland

Description

Subjects

switzerland | switzerland | cathedral | cathedral | painter | painter | stgallen | stgallen | 52 | 52 | kildare | kildare | 1755 | 1755 | romancatholicchurch | romancatholicchurch | 1772 | 1772 | thomasmayne | thomasmayne | lanternslides | lanternslides | 7thcentury | 7thcentury | irishmonks | irishmonks | nationallibraryofireland | nationallibraryofireland | saveyoursoul | saveyoursoul | stiftskirchestgallen | stiftskirchestgallen | abbeyofstgall | abbeyofstgall | thestiftskirche | thestiftskirche | rettedeineseele | rettedeineseele | since1847 | since1847 | locationidentified | locationidentified | johannchristianwentzinger | johannchristianwentzinger | 19april1947 | 19april1947 | thomasholmesmason | thomasholmesmason | thomashmasonsonslimited | thomashmasonsonslimited | stgallusundotmar | stgallusundotmar | dioceseofstgallen | dioceseofstgallen | swissbooksonshowexhibitionofswissbooks | swissbooksonshowexhibitionofswissbooks | drwalterdebourg | drwalterdebourg | connachttribune | connachttribune | 1755to1772 | 1755to1772 | 000gulden | 000gulden | josephwannenmacher | josephwannenmacher

License

No known copyright restrictions

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Anglesey Mobile library - door to door service! Anglesey Mobile library - door to door service!

Description

Subjects

wales | wales | reading | reading | cymru | cymru | trucks | trucks | bookcases | bookcases | llyfrgellgenedlaetholcymru | llyfrgellgenedlaetholcymru | nationallibraryofwales | nationallibraryofwales | bookmobiles | bookmobiles | filmnegatives | filmnegatives | charlesgeoff19092002 | charlesgeoff19092002 | negyddffilm | negyddffilm

License

No known copyright restrictions

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Mobile library at Beguildy Mobile library at Beguildy

Description

Subjects

wales | wales | children | children | reading | reading | libraries | libraries | cymru | cymru | trucks | trucks | bookcases | bookcases | llyfrgellgenedlaetholcymru | llyfrgellgenedlaetholcymru | nationallibraryofwales | nationallibraryofwales | bookmobiles | bookmobiles | filmnegatives | filmnegatives | charlesgeoff19092002 | charlesgeoff19092002 | negyddffilm | negyddffilm

License

No known copyright restrictions

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No drisheen in Drishane Castle but plenty of clutter! No drisheen in Drishane Castle but plenty of clutter!

Description

Subjects

robertfrench | robertfrench | williamlawrence | williamlawrence | lawrencecollection | lawrencecollection | lawrencephotographicstudio | lawrencephotographicstudio | thelawrencephotographcollection | thelawrencephotographcollection | glassnegative | glassnegative | nationallibraryofireland | nationallibraryofireland | drishanecastle | drishanecastle | ireland | ireland | roominterior | roominterior | books | books | pictures | pictures | furniture | furniture | fireguard | fireguard | drawingroom | drawingroom | millstreet | millstreet | countycork | countycork | convent | convent | drishaneconvent | drishaneconvent | congregationofthesistersoftheholyinfantjesus | congregationofthesistersoftheholyinfantjesus | infantjesussisters | infantjesussisters | kellyshandbooktothetitledlandedandofficialclasses | kellyshandbooktothetitledlandedandofficialclasses | wallis | wallis | directprovision | directprovision

License

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Introduction to Crossing Borders

Description

An introduction to the Crossing Borders exhibition. The exhibition tells the story of how Jews, Christians and Muslims have contributed to the development of the book. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Arabic Art Forms in Spanish Book Production

Description

Piet explains Arabic design and illustration in Spanish books, looking in particular at the Kennicott Bible, produced in La Coruna, Spain, in 1476. Distinctive features of Arabic books, including their non-figurative illuminations, are manifest in Hebrew manuscripts produced under Muslim domination in medieval Spain. Biblical manuscripts in particular were inspired by the decorations found in manuscripts of the Qur'an, as well as by geometric or floral patterns typical of Islamic architecture. Islamic decorative patterns continued to be used by Jewish illuminators in Christian Spain after Muslim rule had ended there. Carpet pages - full-page, abstract decorations recalling the design of carpets - and micrography - patterns made using lines of minute script - were frequently included in f Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Hebrew Prayer Books for Public Use

Description

Piet looks at the three great Bodleian mahzorim (large and elaborately decorated prayer books for the festivals), which were illuminated by Christian painters in collaboration with and under the supervision of Jewish scribes. The majority of Hebrew manuscripts were copied out by Jews for their personal use. But during the second half of the thirteenth and the first half of the fourteenth centuries large and elaborately decorated prayer books for the festivals (mahzorim) were produced for communal use in the liturgy. Wealthy laymen vied with each other for the honour of leading prayers on festive occasions. These were the same men who commissioned large and splendidly decorated prayer books as status symbols. They wanted to enhance their prestige by employing the most sought-after professio Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

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User-produced Hebrew Prayer Books and Shared Iconography

Description

Some Hebrew manuscripts were produced in Christian workshops, others were made by Jewish artists themselves for their own use. Piet looks at examples of these and explores the shared iconography between Christian and Jewish faiths, such as the unicorn. Some Hebrew manuscripts were produced in Christian workshops, while others were made by Jewish artists themselves for their own use. An Ashkenazic siddur stands out as an example of a Jewish scribe-artist, influenced by the visual culture of his time, who drew on models, motifs and specialized techniques current in fifteenth-century Germany to illustrate his prayer book. Hebrew manuscripts shared iconography with other manuscripts from the same geo-cultural area. Italian Hebrew manuscripts thus recall the scenery of central Italy and depict Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Sciences

Description

Piet looks at how the works of famous ancient thinkers such as Aristotle, Hippocrates, Euclid or Ptolemy traveled from culture to culture and formed the basis of Muslim, Christian and Jewish science and philosophy alike. Ancient Greek science and philosophy reached Christian Europe mainly through the Islamic world. A large corpus of Greek scientific works had been translated into Arabic (often via Syriac) in the eighth and ninth centuries, and Muslim thinkers continued to practice and advance these so-called 'foreign sciences'. Jews who lived under Islamic rule contributed scientific works of their own, written in Arabic. In the twelfth century the works of Greek, Muslim and also some Jewish thinkers started to be translated from Arabic into Latin, often with the help of Jews. Hebrew tr Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Conclusion to Crossing Borders

Description

The conclusion to the Crossing Borders exhibition. The exhibition tells the story of how Jews, Christians and Muslims have contributed to the development of the book. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Introduction to Crossing Borders

Description

An introduction to the Crossing Borders exhibition. The exhibition tells the story of how Jews, Christians and Muslims have contributed to the development of the book. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

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Arabic Art Forms in Spanish Book Production

Description

Piet explains Arabic design and illustration in Spanish books, looking in particular at the Kennicott Bible, produced in La Coruna, Spain, in 1476. Distinctive features of Arabic books, including their non-figurative illuminations, are manifest in Hebrew manuscripts produced under Muslim domination in medieval Spain. Biblical manuscripts in particular were inspired by the decorations found in manuscripts of the Qur'an, as well as by geometric or floral patterns typical of Islamic architecture. Islamic decorative patterns continued to be used by Jewish illuminators in Christian Spain after Muslim rule had ended there. Carpet pages - full-page, abstract decorations recalling the design of carpets - and micrography - patterns made using lines of minute script - were frequently included in f Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

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http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Hebrew Prayer Books for Public Use

Description

Piet looks at the three great Bodleian mahzorim (large and elaborately decorated prayer books for the festivals), which were illuminated by Christian painters in collaboration with and under the supervision of Jewish scribes. The majority of Hebrew manuscripts were copied out by Jews for their personal use. But during the second half of the thirteenth and the first half of the fourteenth centuries large and elaborately decorated prayer books for the festivals (mahzorim) were produced for communal use in the liturgy. Wealthy laymen vied with each other for the honour of leading prayers on festive occasions. These were the same men who commissioned large and splendidly decorated prayer books as status symbols. They wanted to enhance their prestige by employing the most sought-after professio Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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User-produced Hebrew Prayer Books and Shared Iconography

Description

Some Hebrew manuscripts were produced in Christian workshops, others were made by Jewish artists themselves for their own use. Piet looks at examples of these and explores the shared iconography between Christian and Jewish faiths, such as the unicorn. Some Hebrew manuscripts were produced in Christian workshops, while others were made by Jewish artists themselves for their own use. An Ashkenazic siddur stands out as an example of a Jewish scribe-artist, influenced by the visual culture of his time, who drew on models, motifs and specialized techniques current in fifteenth-century Germany to illustrate his prayer book. Hebrew manuscripts shared iconography with other manuscripts from the same geo-cultural area. Italian Hebrew manuscripts thus recall the scenery of central Italy and depict Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Sciences

Description

Piet looks at how the works of famous ancient thinkers such as Aristotle, Hippocrates, Euclid or Ptolemy traveled from culture to culture and formed the basis of Muslim, Christian and Jewish science and philosophy alike. Ancient Greek science and philosophy reached Christian Europe mainly through the Islamic world. A large corpus of Greek scientific works had been translated into Arabic (often via Syriac) in the eighth and ninth centuries, and Muslim thinkers continued to practice and advance these so-called 'foreign sciences'. Jews who lived under Islamic rule contributed scientific works of their own, written in Arabic. In the twelfth century the works of Greek, Muslim and also some Jewish thinkers started to be translated from Arabic into Latin, often with the help of Jews. Hebrew tr Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

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Conclusion to Crossing Borders

Description

The conclusion to the Crossing Borders exhibition. The exhibition tells the story of how Jews, Christians and Muslims have contributed to the development of the book. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

written word | christian | jews | manuscript | bible | muslim | torah | library | religion | bodleian | muslims | books | exhibition | hebrew | oxford | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | an | manuscripts | book | christians | Jew | 2010-02-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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21W.035 Science Writing and New Media: Elements of Science Writing for the Public (MIT)

Description

This class is an introduction to writing about science–including nature, medicine, and technology–for general readers. In our reading and writing we explore the craft of making scientific concepts, and the work of scientists, accessible to the public through news articles and essays. The chief work of the class is students' writing. As part of our exploration of the craft of science writing, we will read essays and articles by writers such as David Quammen, Atul Gawande, Michael Pollan, and Elizabeth Kolbert.

Subjects

writing | science | technology | communications | medicine | public | public interest | science in the public interest | education | literacy | science literacy | scientific literacy | nature | nature writing | craft | process | scientists | news | article | essay | write | read | composition | revise | revision | rewrite | archive | archival | history | history of science | history of technology | history of medicine | history of nature | nature of history | nature of technology | technological history | medical history | science of history | writing history | history of writing | writing history of history of science | interview | interviewing | publish | publishing | teaching writing | writing teaching | book | book review | writing book review | discussion | draft | drafting

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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