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16.07 Dynamics (MIT) 16.07 Dynamics (MIT)

Description

Dynamics starts with fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics. Further topics include kinematics, particle dynamics, motion relative to accelerated reference frames, work and energy, impulse and momentum, systems of particles and rigid body dynamics. Applications to aerospace engineering are discussed, including introductory topics in orbital mechanics, flight dynamics, inertial navigation and attitude dynamics. Dynamics starts with fundamentals of Newtonian mechanics. Further topics include kinematics, particle dynamics, motion relative to accelerated reference frames, work and energy, impulse and momentum, systems of particles and rigid body dynamics. Applications to aerospace engineering are discussed, including introductory topics in orbital mechanics, flight dynamics, inertial navigation and attitude dynamics.

Subjects

Curvilinear motion | Curvilinear motion | carteian coordinates | carteian coordinates | dynamics | dynamics | equations of motion | equations of motion | intrinsic coordinates | intrinsic coordinates | coordinate systems | coordinate systems | work | work | energy | energy | conservative forces | conservative forces | potential energy | potential energy | linear impulse | linear impulse | mommentum | mommentum | angular impulse | angular impulse | relative motion | relative motion | rotating axes | rotating axes | translating axes | translating axes | Newton's second law | Newton's second law | inertial forces | inertial forces | accelerometers | accelerometers | Newtonian relativity | Newtonian relativity | gravitational attraction | gravitational attraction | 2D rigid body kinematics | 2D rigid body kinematics | conservation laws for systems of particles | conservation laws for systems of particles | 2D rigid body dynamics | 2D rigid body dynamics | pendulums | pendulums | 3D rigid body kinematics | 3D rigid body kinematics | 3d rigid body dynamics | 3d rigid body dynamics | inertia tensor | inertia tensor | gyroscopic motion | gyroscopic motion | torque-free motion | torque-free motion | spin stabilization | spin stabilization | variable mass systems | variable mass systems | rocket equation | rocket equation | central foce motion | central foce motion | Keppler's laws | Keppler's laws | orbits | orbits | orbit transfer | orbit transfer | vibration | vibration | spring mass systems | spring mass systems | forced vibration | forced vibration | isolation | isolation | coupled oscillators | coupled oscillators | normal modes | normal modes | wave propagation | wave propagation | cartesian coordinates | cartesian coordinates | momentum | momentum | central force motion | central force motion

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Bullock cart, Sogndal, ca. 1898-1900. Bullock cart, Sogndal, ca. 1898-1900.

Description

Subjects

norway | norway | town | town | village | village | stereoscopy | stereoscopy | oxcart | oxcart | sogn | sogn | sogndal | sogndal | bullockcart | bullockcart | sognogfjordane | sognogfjordane | stereoviews | stereoviews | stereoskopi | stereoskopi | nilsoreppen | nilsoreppen

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Irish Chart Irish Chart

Description

Subjects

ahpoole | ahpoole | arthurhenripoole | arthurhenripoole | poolecollection | poolecollection | map | map | ireland | ireland | nationallibraryofireland | nationallibraryofireland | no59 | no59 | atlashistorique | atlashistorique | tomeii | tomeii | chatelain | chatelain | 1708 | 1708 | copy | copy | henriabrahamchatelain | henriabrahamchatelain | zachariechatelain | zachariechatelain | henrichatelain | henrichatelain | cartedugouvernementciviletmilitairavecletatdesofficiersduroyaumedirlande | cartedugouvernementciviletmilitairavecletatdesofficiersduroyaumedirlande | cartedugouvernement | cartedugouvernement | folio | folio | irishparliament | irishparliament | atlashistoriqueounouvelleintroductionàlhistoire | atlashistoriqueounouvelleintroductionàlhistoire | parlementdirlande | parlementdirlande | chambresdescommunesdirlande | chambresdescommunesdirlande

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Lord Dunlo in garden with stereo camera Lord Dunlo in garden with stereo camera

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Subjects

theclonbrockphotographiccollection | theclonbrockphotographiccollection | lukegeralddillon | lukegeralddillon | baronclonbrock | baronclonbrock | augustacarolinedillon | augustacarolinedillon | baronessclonbrock | baronessclonbrock | dillonfamily | dillonfamily | nationallibraryofireland | nationallibraryofireland | lorddunlo | lorddunlo | stereocamera | stereocamera | lanternslide | lanternslide | deerstalkerhat | deerstalkerhat | tripod | tripod | lord | lord | clancarty | clancarty | crofton | crofton | richardsomersetlepoertrench | richardsomersetlepoertrench | richardtrench | richardtrench | earlofclancarty | earlofclancarty | viscountdunlo | viscountdunlo | locationidentified | locationidentified

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Greeting Sunderland's FA Cup winning team, 1937 Greeting Sunderland's FA Cup winning team, 1937

Description

Subjects

johngrantham | johngrantham | lordmayor | lordmayor | newcastleupontyne | newcastleupontyne | 1930s | 1930s | northeastengland | northeastengland | tyneside | tyneside | wearside | wearside | football | football | sunderlandafc | sunderlandafc | facup | facup | raichcarter | raichcarter | sport | sport | celebration | celebration | trophy | trophy | competition | competition | event | event | occasion | occasion | winner | winner | sunderlandteam | sunderlandteam | servingthecity | servingthecity | duty | duty | service | service | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | socialhistory | socialhistory | archives | archives | industry | industry | unitedkingdom | unitedkingdom | fascinating | fascinating | unusual | unusual | interesting | interesting | engaging | engaging | facupwinner | facupwinner | newcastlecentralstation | newcastlecentralstation | shine | shine | wembley | wembley | 3may1937 | 3may1937 | captainraichcarter | captainraichcarter | cup | cup | vessel | vessel | room | room | blur | blur | signage | signage | door | door | doorway | doorway | men | men | gathering | gathering | meeting | meeting | smile | smile | laughter | laughter | suit | suit | tie | tie | stripes | stripes | shirt | shirt | crease | crease | flower | flower | pocket | pocket | necklace | necklace | uniform | uniform | glasses | glasses | moustache | moustache | hair | hair | button | button | traincarriage | traincarriage | transportation | transportation | footballcup | footballcup | comradeship | comradeship | sheriff | sheriff | 192425 | 192425 | 193637 | 193637 | blyth | blyth | 1877 | 1877 | cinemaproprietor | cinemaproprietor | citycouncil | citycouncil | 1912 | 1912 | teeth | teeth

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[Building with Men Standing on Balcony] [Building with Men Standing on Balcony]

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Subjects

carriages | carriages | carts | carts | carriagesandcarts | carriagesandcarts | horses | horses | men | men | balconies | balconies

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'Totnes, High Street and Seven Stars Hotel'

Description

Subjects

street | england | blackandwhite | horse | dog | monochrome | unitedkingdom | britain | 19thcentury | 1800s | victorian | topographical | devon | cart | highstreet | handcart | albumenprint | totnes | topography | horseandcart | francisbedford | bedfordco | williambedford | vision:text=0519 | vision:outdoor=0893

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’s Bakery, Rosalie

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Subjects

horse | wagon | brisbane | queensland | horsedrawn | cart | 1915 | rosalie | mensclothing | horsebrasses | deliverycarts | breadcarts

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Street scene in Dublin - now established as Sandymount Road looking towards Sandymount Green!

Description

Subjects

ireland | horse | dublin | green | bicycle | ryan | tracks | tram | ladder | cart | handcart | sandymount | fleming | glassnegative | donkeycart | batt | leinster | victualler | nationallibraryofireland | fergusoconnor | sandymountgreen | locationidentified | fergusoconnorcollection | leverettfrye | sandymountroad

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View of munition factory, Waterford

Description

Subjects

ahpoole | arthurhenripoole | poolecollection | glassnegative | nationallibraryofireland | factory | munition | bilberry | riversuir | river | snow | waterford | munster | firstworldwar | cartridges | 1917 | 18poundershellcasings | longgone | waterfordcartridgefactory | cartridgefactory

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24.09 Minds and Machines (MIT) 24.09 Minds and Machines (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in a branch of philosophy called philosophy of mind. Some of the questions we will discuss include the following. Can computers think? Is the mind an immaterial thing? Or is the mind the brain? Or does the mind stand to the brain as a computer program stands to the hardware? How can creatures like ourselves think thoughts that are "about" things? (For example, we can all think that Aristotle is a philosopher, and in that sense think "about" Aristotle, but what is the explanation of this quite remarkable ability?) Can I know whether your experiences and my experiences when we look at raspberries, fire trucks and stop lights are the same? Can consciousness be given a scientific explanation? This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in a branch of philosophy called philosophy of mind. Some of the questions we will discuss include the following. Can computers think? Is the mind an immaterial thing? Or is the mind the brain? Or does the mind stand to the brain as a computer program stands to the hardware? How can creatures like ourselves think thoughts that are "about" things? (For example, we can all think that Aristotle is a philosopher, and in that sense think "about" Aristotle, but what is the explanation of this quite remarkable ability?) Can I know whether your experiences and my experiences when we look at raspberries, fire trucks and stop lights are the same? Can consciousness be given a scientific explanation?

Subjects

Searle; AI | Searle; AI | dualism | dualism | behaviorism | behaviorism | identity theory | identity theory | functionalism | functionalism | intentionality | intentionality | externalism | externalism | self-knowledge | self-knowledge | knowledge argument | knowledge argument | chalmer | chalmer | panprotopsychism | panprotopsychism | mysterianism | mysterianism | conciousness | conciousness | rene descartes | rene descartes | mind | mind | brain | brain | causal theory | causal theory | pain | pain | relief | relief | meaning | meaning | individualism | individualism | qualia | qualia | mind-body problem | mind-body problem

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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SP.2H3 Ancient Philosophy and Mathematics (MIT) SP.2H3 Ancient Philosophy and Mathematics (MIT)

Description

Western philosophy and theoretical mathematics were born together, and the cross-fertilization of ideas in the two disciplines was continuously acknowledged throughout antiquity. In this course, we read works of ancient Greek philosophy and mathematics, and investigate the way in which ideas of definition, reason, argument and proof, rationality and irrationality, number, quality and quantity, truth, and even the idea of an idea were shaped by the interplay of philosophic and mathematical inquiry. Western philosophy and theoretical mathematics were born together, and the cross-fertilization of ideas in the two disciplines was continuously acknowledged throughout antiquity. In this course, we read works of ancient Greek philosophy and mathematics, and investigate the way in which ideas of definition, reason, argument and proof, rationality and irrationality, number, quality and quantity, truth, and even the idea of an idea were shaped by the interplay of philosophic and mathematical inquiry.

Subjects

mathematics | mathematics | geometry | geometry | history | history | philosophy | philosophy | Greek philosophy | Greek philosophy | Plato | Plato | Euclid | Euclid | Aristotle | Aristotle | Rene Descartes | Rene Descartes | Nicomachus | Nicomachus | Francis Bacon | Francis Bacon

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.059 Paradigms of European Thought and Culture (MIT) 21G.059 Paradigms of European Thought and Culture (MIT)

Description

This subject surveys the main currents of European cultural and intellectual history in the modern period. Such a foundation course is central to the humanities in Europe (Geistesgeschichte, histoire des idées). The curriculum introduces a set of ideas and arguments that have played a formative role in European cultural history, and acquaints them with some exemplars of critical thought. With each text, special consideration will be devoted to the work's enduring influence over contemporary European culture. This subject surveys the main currents of European cultural and intellectual history in the modern period. Such a foundation course is central to the humanities in Europe (Geistesgeschichte, histoire des idées). The curriculum introduces a set of ideas and arguments that have played a formative role in European cultural history, and acquaints them with some exemplars of critical thought. With each text, special consideration will be devoted to the work's enduring influence over contemporary European culture.

Subjects

Paradigms | Paradigms | European | European | Thought | Thought | Culture | Culture | History | History | Protestant Reformation | Protestant Reformation | French Revolution | French Revolution | Luther | Luther | Descartes | Descartes | Kant | Kant | Hegel | Hegel | Rousseau | Rousseau | Smith | Smith | Marx | Marx | Freud | Freud | Goya | Goya | David | David | Duchamp | Duchamp | Schinkel | Schinkel | Bach | Bach | Goethe | Goethe | Political Theory | Political Theory | Philosophy | Philosophy

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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OxPeace 2013: Illicitily Governed Spaces: drugs, conflict and peace in Columbia Session 1A: Counter-Terrorism and Peacebuilding

Description

Annette Idler, gives a talk for the OxPeace 2013 conference: The Future of Peace Building. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

human rights | cartels | columbia | drugs | peace | building peace | oxpeace | war | conflict | human rights | cartels | columbia | drugs | peace | building peace | oxpeace | war | conflict

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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k.--Vesturgata.

Description

Subjects

houses | summer | streets | iceland | pedestrians | cart | reykjavk | carts | streetscape | cityviews | vesturgata | cornelluniversitylibrary | culidentifier:lunafield=accession | culidentifier:value=1923114

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Storefront and wagon at 6th Avenue North and 8th Avenue North, Minneapolis

Description

Subjects

minnesota | unitedstates | minneapolis | sidewalk | hennepin | awnings | barberpole | streetcartracks | horsedrawncart | minnesotadigitallibrary | businessandindustry | jewishhistoricalsocietyoftheuppermidwest | jewishbusinesses | peoplescompanybakery

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Queen Victoria on 'Fyvie' with John Brown at Balmoral Queen Victoria on 'Fyvie' with John Brown at Balmoral

Description

Subjects

greatbritain | greatbritain | horses | horses | blackandwhite | blackandwhite | horse | horse | fashion | fashion | animal | animal | scotland | scotland | kilt | kilt | aberdeenshire | aberdeenshire | victorian | victorian | victoria | victoria | queen | queen | queens | queens | pony | pony | historical | historical | hanover | hanover | queenvictoria | queenvictoria | royalty | royalty | balmoral | balmoral | equus | equus | sporran | sporran | servants | servants | fyvie | fyvie | johnbrown | johnbrown | deeside | deeside | sidesaddle | sidesaddle | nationalgalleriesofscotland | nationalgalleriesofscotland | cartesdevisite | cartesdevisite | mrsbrown | mrsbrown | mourningdress | mourningdress | ridinghabit | ridinghabit | georgewashingtonwilson | georgewashingtonwilson | commons:event=commonground2009 | commons:event=commonground2009

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14.01SC Principles of Microeconomics (MIT) 14.01SC Principles of Microeconomics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. 14.01 Principles of Microeconomics is an introductory undergraduate course that teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. This course introduces microeconomic concepts and analysis, supply and demand analysis, theories of the firm and individual behavior, competition and monopoly, and welfare economics. Students will also be introduced to the use of microeconomic applications to address problems in current economic policy throughout the semester. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmen Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. 14.01 Principles of Microeconomics is an introductory undergraduate course that teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. This course introduces microeconomic concepts and analysis, supply and demand analysis, theories of the firm and individual behavior, competition and monopoly, and welfare economics. Students will also be introduced to the use of microeconomic applications to address problems in current economic policy throughout the semester. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmen

Subjects

Microeconomics | Microeconomics | prices | prices | normative economics | normative economics | positive economics | positive economics | microeconomic applications | microeconomic applications | supply | supply | demand | demand | equilibrium | equilibrium | demand shift | demand shift | supply shift | supply shift | government interference | government interference | elasticity | elasticity | revenue | revenue | empirical economics | empirical economics | consumer theory | consumer theory | preference assumptions | preference assumptions | indifference curves | indifference curves | utility functions | utility functions | marginal utility | marginal utility | budget constraints | budget constraints | marginal rate of transformation | marginal rate of transformation | opportunity cost | opportunity cost | constrained utility maximization | constrained utility maximization | corner solutions | corner solutions | Engel curves | Engel curves | income effect | income effect | substitution effect | substitution effect | Giffin good | Giffin good | labor economics | labor economics | child labor | child labor | producer theory | producer theory | variable inputs | variable inputs | fixed inputs | fixed inputs | firm production functions | firm production functions | marginal rate of technical substitution | marginal rate of technical substitution | returns to scale | returns to scale | productivity | productivity | perfect competition | perfect competition | search theory | search theory | residual demand | residual demand | shutdown decisions | shutdown decisions | market equilibrium | market equilibrium | agency problem | agency problem | welfare economics | welfare economics | consumer surplus | consumer surplus | producer surplus | producer surplus | dead weight loss | dead weight loss | monopoly | monopoly | oligopoly | oligopoly | market power | market power | price discrimination | price discrimination | price regulation | price regulation | antitrust policy | antitrust policy | mergers | mergers | cartel | cartel | game theory | game theory | Nash equilibrium | Nash equilibrium | Cournot model | Cournot model | duopoly | duopoly | non-cooperative competition | non-cooperative competition | Bertrand competition | Bertrand competition | factor markets | factor markets | international trade | international trade | uncertainty | uncertainty | capital markets | capital markets | intertemporal choice | intertemporal choice | real interest rate | real interest rate | compounding | compounding | inflation | inflation | investment | investment | discount rate | discount rate | net present value | net present value | income distribution | income distribution | social welfare function | social welfare function | Utilitarianism | Utilitarianism | Raulsian criteria | Raulsian criteria | Nozickian | Nozickian | commodity egalitarianism | commodity egalitarianism | isowelfare curves | isowelfare curves | social insurance | social insurance | social security | social security | moral hazard | moral hazard | taxation | taxation | EITC | EITC | healthcare | healthcare | PPACA | PPACA

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.832 Underactuated Robotics (MIT) 6.832 Underactuated Robotics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Robots today move far too conservatively, using control systems that attempt to maintain full control authority at all times. Humans and animals move much more aggressively by routinely executing motions which involve a loss of instantaneous control authority. Controlling nonlinear systems without complete control authority requires methods that can reason about and exploit the natural dynamics of our machines. This course discusses nonlinear dynamics and control of underactuated mechanical systems, with an emphasis on machine learning methods. Topics include nonlinear dynamics of passive robots (walkers, swimmers, flyers), motion planning, partial feedback linearization, energy-shaping control, analytical optimal control, reinforcement learning/a Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Robots today move far too conservatively, using control systems that attempt to maintain full control authority at all times. Humans and animals move much more aggressively by routinely executing motions which involve a loss of instantaneous control authority. Controlling nonlinear systems without complete control authority requires methods that can reason about and exploit the natural dynamics of our machines. This course discusses nonlinear dynamics and control of underactuated mechanical systems, with an emphasis on machine learning methods. Topics include nonlinear dynamics of passive robots (walkers, swimmers, flyers), motion planning, partial feedback linearization, energy-shaping control, analytical optimal control, reinforcement learning/a

Subjects

underactuated robotics | underactuated robotics | actuated systems | actuated systems | nonlinear dynamics | nonlinear dynamics | simple pendulum | simple pendulum | optimal control | optimal control | double integrator | double integrator | quadratic regulator | quadratic regulator | Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman sufficiency | Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman sufficiency | minimum time control | minimum time control | acrobot | acrobot | cart-pole | cart-pole | partial feedback linearization | partial feedback linearization | energy shaping | energy shaping | policy search | policy search | open-loop optimal control | open-loop optimal control | trajectory stabilization | trajectory stabilization | iterative linear quadratic regulator | iterative linear quadratic regulator | differential dynamic programming | differential dynamic programming | walking models | walking models | rimless wheel | rimless wheel | compass gait | compass gait | kneed compass gait | kneed compass gait | feedback control | feedback control | running models | running models | spring-loaded inverted pendulum | spring-loaded inverted pendulum | Raibert hoppers | Raibert hoppers | motion planning | motion planning | randomized motion planning | randomized motion planning | rapidly-exploring randomized trees | rapidly-exploring randomized trees | probabilistic road maps | probabilistic road maps | feedback motion planning | feedback motion planning | planning with funnels | planning with funnels | linear quadratic regulator | linear quadratic regulator | function approximation | function approximation | state distribution dynamics | state distribution dynamics | state estimation | state estimation | stochastic optimal control | stochastic optimal control | aircraft | aircraft | swimming | swimming | flapping flight | flapping flight | randomized policy gradient | randomized policy gradient | model-free value methods | model-free value methods | temporarl difference learning | temporarl difference learning | Q-learning | Q-learning | actor-critic methods | actor-critic methods

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.963 Environmental Engineering Applications of Geographic Information Systems (MIT) 1.963 Environmental Engineering Applications of Geographic Information Systems (MIT)

Description

This graduate seminar is taught in a lecture and lab exercise format. The subject matter is tailored to introduce Environmental Engineering students to the use and potential of Geographic Information Systems in their discipline. Lectures will cover the general concepts of GIS use and introduce the material in the exercises that demonstrate the practical application of GIS. This graduate seminar is taught in a lecture and lab exercise format. The subject matter is tailored to introduce Environmental Engineering students to the use and potential of Geographic Information Systems in their discipline. Lectures will cover the general concepts of GIS use and introduce the material in the exercises that demonstrate the practical application of GIS.

Subjects

GIS | GIS | Spatial Database Management | Spatial Database Management | Geographic Information Systems | Geographic Information Systems | ArcView | ArcView | census | census | SQL | SQL | databases | databases | cartography | cartography | community planning | community planning | spatial analysis | spatial analysis | wetlands management | wetlands management | data types | data types | map-making | map-making | data mapping | data mapping | hydrology | hydrology | environmental engineering | environmental engineering | deepwater habitats | deepwater habitats | salinization | salinization

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT) 2.782J Design of Medical Devices and Implants (MIT)

Description

This design course targets the solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Topics include the systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes; the role of stress analysis in the design process; anatomic fit, shape and size of implants; selection of biomaterials; instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures; preclinical testing for safety and efficacy, including risk/benefit ratio assessment evaluation of clinical performance and design of clinical trials. Student project materials are drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants. This design course targets the solution of clinical problems by use of implants and other medical devices. Topics include the systematic use of cell-matrix control volumes; the role of stress analysis in the design process; anatomic fit, shape and size of implants; selection of biomaterials; instrumentation for surgical implantation procedures; preclinical testing for safety and efficacy, including risk/benefit ratio assessment evaluation of clinical performance and design of clinical trials. Student project materials are drawn from orthopedic devices, soft tissue implants, artificial organs, and dental implants.

Subjects

2.782 | 2.782 | 3.961 | 3.961 | 20.451 | 20.451 | HST.524 | HST.524 | clinical problems | clinical problems | implants | implants | medical devices | medical devices | cell-matrix control volumes | cell-matrix control volumes | stress analysis | stress analysis | anatomic fit | anatomic fit | biomaterials | biomaterials | surgical implantation procedures | surgical implantation procedures | Preclinical testing | Preclinical testing | risk/benefit ratio assessment | risk/benefit ratio assessment | clinical performance | clinical performance | clinical trials | clinical trials | orthopedic devices | orthopedic devices | soft tissue implants | soft tissue implants | artificial organs | artificial organs | dental implants | dental implants | stent | stent | prosthesis | prosthesis | scaffold | scaffold | bio-implant | bio-implant | scar | scar | genetics | genetics | skin | skin | nerve | nerve | bone | bone | tooth | tooth | joint | joint | FDA | FDA | FDA approval | FDA approval | cartilage | cartilage | ACL | ACL | health | health | regulation | regulation | healthcare | healthcare | medicine | medicine | bioengineering | bioengineering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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14.12 Economic Applications of Game Theory (MIT) 14.12 Economic Applications of Game Theory (MIT)

Description

Game Theory, also known as Multiperson Decision Theory, is the analysis of situations in which the payoff of a decision maker depends not only on his own actions but also on those of others. Game Theory has applications in several fi…elds, such as economics, politics, law, biology, and computer science. In this course, I will introduce the basic tools of game theoretic analysis. In the process, I will outline some of the many applications of Game Theory, primarily in economics. Game Theory, also known as Multiperson Decision Theory, is the analysis of situations in which the payoff of a decision maker depends not only on his own actions but also on those of others. Game Theory has applications in several fi…elds, such as economics, politics, law, biology, and computer science. In this course, I will introduce the basic tools of game theoretic analysis. In the process, I will outline some of the many applications of Game Theory, primarily in economics.

Subjects

game theory | game theory | economics | economics | multiperson decision theory | multiperson decision theory | payoff | payoff | games | games | backward induction | backward induction | subgame perfection | subgame perfection | implicit cartels | implicit cartels | dynamic games | dynamic games

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.433 The Age of Reason: Europe from the 17th to the Early 19th Centuries (MIT) 21H.433 The Age of Reason: Europe from the 17th to the Early 19th Centuries (MIT)

Description

This course asks students to consider the ways in which social theorists, institutional reformers, and political revolutionaries in the 17th through 19th centuries seized upon insights developed in the natural sciences and mathematics to change themselves and the society in which they lived. Students study trials, art, literature and music to understand developments in Europe and its colonies in these two centuries. Covers works by Newton, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Marx, and Darwin. This course asks students to consider the ways in which social theorists, institutional reformers, and political revolutionaries in the 17th through 19th centuries seized upon insights developed in the natural sciences and mathematics to change themselves and the society in which they lived. Students study trials, art, literature and music to understand developments in Europe and its colonies in these two centuries. Covers works by Newton, Locke, Voltaire, Rousseau, Marx, and Darwin.

Subjects

history | history | history of intellectualism | history of intellectualism | reason | reason | enlightenment | enlightenment | french revolution | french revolution | history of science | history of science | isaac newton | isaac newton | decartes | decartes | art history | art history

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21L.705 Major Authors: America's Literary Scientists (MIT) 21L.705 Major Authors: America's Literary Scientists (MIT)

Description

Global exploration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries radically changed Western science, orienting philosophies of natural history to more focused fields like comparative anatomy, botany, and geology. In the United States, European scientific advances and home-grown ventures like the Wilkes Exploring Expedition to Antarctica and the Pacific inspired new endeavors in cartography, ethnography, zoology, and evolutionary theory, replacing rigid models of thought and classification with more fluid and active systems. They inspired literary authors as well. This class will examine some of the most remarkable of these authors—Herman Melville (Moby-Dick and "The Encantadas"), Henry David Thoreau (Walden), Sarah Orne Jewett (Country of the Pointed Firs), Edith Wharton (House Global exploration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries radically changed Western science, orienting philosophies of natural history to more focused fields like comparative anatomy, botany, and geology. In the United States, European scientific advances and home-grown ventures like the Wilkes Exploring Expedition to Antarctica and the Pacific inspired new endeavors in cartography, ethnography, zoology, and evolutionary theory, replacing rigid models of thought and classification with more fluid and active systems. They inspired literary authors as well. This class will examine some of the most remarkable of these authors—Herman Melville (Moby-Dick and "The Encantadas"), Henry David Thoreau (Walden), Sarah Orne Jewett (Country of the Pointed Firs), Edith Wharton (House

Subjects

America's literary scientists | America's literary scientists | global exploration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries | global exploration in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries | Wilkes exploring expedition to Antarctica and the Pacific | Wilkes exploring expedition to Antarctica and the Pacific | cartography | cartography | ethnography | ethnography | zoology | zoology | evolutionary theory | evolutionary theory | Herman Melville | Herman Melville | Henry David Thoreau | Henry David Thoreau | Sarah Orne Jewett | Sarah Orne Jewett | Toni Morrison | Toni Morrison

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21L.501 The American Novel (MIT) 21L.501 The American Novel (MIT)

Description

This course explores the metaphorical, historical, social, and psychological value of ghosts in the American novel. Using the theme of "haunting" as a flashpoint for class discussion and a thematic center for our readerly attention, this course examines the American novel in the context of the various histories which might be said to haunt fictional characters in the American novel, to haunt the American novel itself, and ultimately to haunt us: America's colonial past, its slave past, and other memorable and painful chapters in its past. This course explores the metaphorical, historical, social, and psychological value of ghosts in the American novel. Using the theme of "haunting" as a flashpoint for class discussion and a thematic center for our readerly attention, this course examines the American novel in the context of the various histories which might be said to haunt fictional characters in the American novel, to haunt the American novel itself, and ultimately to haunt us: America's colonial past, its slave past, and other memorable and painful chapters in its past.

Subjects

nathaniel hawthorne | nathaniel hawthorne | harriet beecher stowe | harriet beecher stowe | henry james | henry james | william Faulkner | william Faulkner | maxine hong Kingston | maxine hong Kingston | cormac mccarthy | cormac mccarthy | toni Morrison | toni Morrison | louise erdrich | louise erdrich | philip roth | philip roth | edward p. jones | edward p. jones

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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