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2.2 Thomas Hobbes: The Monster of Malmesbury

Description

Part 2.2. A brief introduction to Thomas Hobbes, 'The Monster of Malmsbury', his views on a mechanistic universe, his strong ideas on determinism and his pessimistic view of human nature: 'The life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short'. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism | causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism

License

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2.5 Nicolas Malebranche and George Berkeley

Description

Part 2.5. Focuses on Malebranche, a lesser-known French Philosopher, and his ideas on idealism and the influence they had on English philosopher George Berkeley. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley | idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley

License

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9.85 Infant and Early Childhood Cognition (MIT) 9.85 Infant and Early Childhood Cognition (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to cognitive development focusing on children's understanding of objects, agents, and causality. Students develop a critical understanding of experimental design and how developmental research might address philosophical questions about the origins of knowledge, appearance and reality, and the problem of other minds. This course is an introduction to cognitive development focusing on children's understanding of objects, agents, and causality. Students develop a critical understanding of experimental design and how developmental research might address philosophical questions about the origins of knowledge, appearance and reality, and the problem of other minds.

Subjects

infant cognition | infant cognition | early childhood cognition | early childhood cognition | cognitive development | cognitive development | developmental psychology | developmental psychology | psychology | psychology | developmental research | developmental research | Piaget | Piaget | object knowledge | object knowledge | object individuation | object individuation | object concept | object concept | agents | agents | causal knowledge | causal knowledge | theory of mind | theory of mind | causation | causation | causal transformations | causal transformations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.221 Metaphysics (MIT) 24.221 Metaphysics (MIT)

Description

This course is a study of basic metaphysical issues concerning existence, the mind-body problem, personal identity, and causation plus its implications for freedom. This class features classical as well as contemporary readings and it provides practice in written and oral communication. This course is a study of basic metaphysical issues concerning existence, the mind-body problem, personal identity, and causation plus its implications for freedom. This class features classical as well as contemporary readings and it provides practice in written and oral communication.

Subjects

free will | free will | mind-body problem | mind-body problem | personal identity | personal identity | causation | causation | Modal Metaphysics | Modal Metaphysics | Libertarianism | Libertarianism | Time travel | Time travel | Choice | Choice | Freedom | Freedom | existence | existence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.260 Topics in Philosophy: David Lewis (MIT) 24.260 Topics in Philosophy: David Lewis (MIT)

Description

The class will be devoted to the work of David Lewis, one of the most exciting and influential philosophers of the late twentieth century. We will have seminar-style discussions about his work on counterfactuals, time, causation, probability, and decision-theory. The class will be devoted to the work of David Lewis, one of the most exciting and influential philosophers of the late twentieth century. We will have seminar-style discussions about his work on counterfactuals, time, causation, probability, and decision-theory.

Subjects

counterfactuals | counterfactuals | comparative possibility | comparative possibility | counterfactual dependence | counterfactual dependence | time | time | causation | causation | causal explanation | causal explanation | probability | probability | subjectivity | subjectivity | objectivity | objectivity | chance | chance | Hume | Hume | supervenience | supervenience | decision theory | decision theory | Prisoners? Dilemma | Prisoners? Dilemma | Newcomb problem | Newcomb problem | free will | free will | determinism | determinism | plurality of worlds | plurality of worlds | possible worlds | possible worlds | time travel | time travel

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.2 Thomas Hobbes: The Monster of Malmesbury

Description

Part 2.2. A brief introduction to Thomas Hobbes, 'The Monster of Malmsbury', his views on a mechanistic universe, his strong ideas on determinism and his pessimistic view of human nature: 'The life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short'.

Subjects

causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism | causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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14.33 Economics Research and Communication (MIT) 14.33 Economics Research and Communication (MIT)

Description

This course is for students interested in conducting original research on economics questions. There will be an emphasis on choice of research topics, primary sources, data sources, and research methods. The primary activities are oral presentations, the preparation of a paper, and providing constructive feedback on classmates' research projects. This course is for students interested in conducting original research on economics questions. There will be an emphasis on choice of research topics, primary sources, data sources, and research methods. The primary activities are oral presentations, the preparation of a paper, and providing constructive feedback on classmates' research projects.

Subjects

research | research | communication | communication | economics | economics | causation | causation | randomized experiments | randomized experiments | inference | inference | STATA | STATA | empirical | empirical | writing | writing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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14.475 Environmental Economics and Government Responses to Market Failure (MIT) 14.475 Environmental Economics and Government Responses to Market Failure (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory behind and evidence on regulatory, tax, and other government responses to problems of market failure. Special emphasis is given to developing and implementing tools to evaluate environmental policies. Other topics include cost-benefit analysis, measurement of the benefits of non-market goods and costs of regulations, and the evaluation of the impact of regulations in areas such as financial markets, workplace health and safety, consumer product safety, and other contexts. This course explores the theory behind and evidence on regulatory, tax, and other government responses to problems of market failure. Special emphasis is given to developing and implementing tools to evaluate environmental policies. Other topics include cost-benefit analysis, measurement of the benefits of non-market goods and costs of regulations, and the evaluation of the impact of regulations in areas such as financial markets, workplace health and safety, consumer product safety, and other contexts.

Subjects

economics | economics | environment | environment | public finance | public finance | environmental economics | environmental economics | research | research | causation | causation | pigovian taxes | pigovian taxes | coasian | coasian | bost-benefit analysis | bost-benefit analysis | public economics | public economics | hedonic method | hedonic method | valuation | valuation | housing | housing | health effects | health effects | dose-response | dose-response | avoidance | avoidance | household production function | household production function | locational equilibrium | locational equilibrium | policy | policy | regulations | regulations | double dividend | double dividend | climate change | climate change | development | development | markets | markets | labor | labor | workplace | workplace | safety | safety | advertising | advertising | traffic | traffic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.5 Nicolas Malebranche and George Berkeley

Description

Part 2.5. Focuses on Malebranche, a lesser-known French Philosopher, and his ideas on idealism and the influence they had on English philosopher George Berkeley.

Subjects

idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley | idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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24.221 Metaphysics: Free Will (MIT) 24.221 Metaphysics: Free Will (MIT)

Description

This course is a study of free will. It explores the main topic through the lenses of the consequence argument, unavoidability, law breaking, libertarianism, the concept of the person, moral responsibility, action, intention, choice, social psychology, and addiction. This course is a study of free will. It explores the main topic through the lenses of the consequence argument, unavoidability, law breaking, libertarianism, the concept of the person, moral responsibility, action, intention, choice, social psychology, and addiction.

Subjects

free will | free will | mind-body problem | mind-body problem | personal identity | personal identity | causation | causation | Modal Metaphysics | Modal Metaphysics | Libertarianism | Libertarianism | Time travel | Time travel | Choice | Choice | Freedom | Freedom

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.85 Infant and Early Childhood Cognition (MIT) 9.85 Infant and Early Childhood Cognition (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to cognitive development focusing on children's understanding of objects, agents, and causality. It develops a critical understanding of experimental design. The course discusses how developmental research might address philosophical questions about the origins of knowledge, appearance and reality, and the problem of other minds. It provides instruction and practice in written communication as needed for cognitive science research (including critical reviews of journal papers, a literature review and an original research proposal), as well as instruction and practice in oral communication in the form of a poster presentation of a journal paper. This course is an introduction to cognitive development focusing on children's understanding of objects, agents, and causality. It develops a critical understanding of experimental design. The course discusses how developmental research might address philosophical questions about the origins of knowledge, appearance and reality, and the problem of other minds. It provides instruction and practice in written communication as needed for cognitive science research (including critical reviews of journal papers, a literature review and an original research proposal), as well as instruction and practice in oral communication in the form of a poster presentation of a journal paper.

Subjects

infant cognition | infant cognition | early childhood cognition | early childhood cognition | cognitive development | cognitive development | developmental psychology | developmental psychology | psychology | psychology | developmental research | developmental research | Piaget | Piaget | object knowledge | object knowledge | object individuation | object individuation | object concept | object concept | agents | agents | causal knowledge | causal knowledge | theory of mind | theory of mind | causation | causation | causal transformations | causal transformations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.957 Frameworks of Urban Governance (MIT) 11.957 Frameworks of Urban Governance (MIT)

Description

Urban governance comprises the various forces, institutions, and movements that guide economic and physical development, the distribution of resources, social interactions, and other aspects of daily life in urban areas. This course examines governance from legal, political, social, and economic perspectives. In addition, we will discuss how these structures constrain collective decision making about particular urban issues (immigration, education…). Assignments will be nightly readings and a short paper relating an urban issue to the frameworks outlined in the class. Urban governance comprises the various forces, institutions, and movements that guide economic and physical development, the distribution of resources, social interactions, and other aspects of daily life in urban areas. This course examines governance from legal, political, social, and economic perspectives. In addition, we will discuss how these structures constrain collective decision making about particular urban issues (immigration, education…). Assignments will be nightly readings and a short paper relating an urban issue to the frameworks outlined in the class.

Subjects

physical development | physical development | urban sector | urban sector | urban politics | urban politics | immigration | immigration | education | education | economics | economics | environment | environment | public finance | public finance | environmental economics | environmental economics | research | research | causation | causation | pigovian taxes | pigovian taxes | coasian | coasian | bost-benefit analysis | bost-benefit analysis | public economics | public economics | hedonic method | hedonic method | valuation | valuation | housing | housing | health effects | health effects | dose-response | dose-response | avoidance | avoidance | household production function | household production function | locational equilibrium | locational equilibrium | policy | policy | regulations | regulations | double dividend | double dividend | climate change | climate change | development | development | markets | markets | labor | labor | workplace | workplace | safety | safety | advertising | advertising | traffic | traffic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.500 Other Minds (MIT) 24.500 Other Minds (MIT)

Description

This is a seminar on issues connected with the traditional "problem of other minds". In addition to reading some of the classic papers on other minds, we will look at recent work on related topics. There will be no lectures. Each week I will spend half an hour or so introducing the assigned reading, and the rest of the time will be devoted to discussion. This is a seminar on issues connected with the traditional "problem of other minds". In addition to reading some of the classic papers on other minds, we will look at recent work on related topics. There will be no lectures. Each week I will spend half an hour or so introducing the assigned reading, and the rest of the time will be devoted to discussion.

Subjects

consciousness | consciousness | mental representation | mental representation | perception | perception | mental causation | mental causation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21A.215 Disease and Health: Culture, Society, and Ethics (MIT) 21A.215 Disease and Health: Culture, Society, and Ethics (MIT)

Description

This course examines how medicine is practiced cross-culturally, with particular emphasis on Western biomedicine. Students analyze medical practice as a cultural system, focusing on the human, as opposed to the biological, side of things. Also considered is how people in different cultures think of disease, health, body, and mind. This course examines how medicine is practiced cross-culturally, with particular emphasis on Western biomedicine. Students analyze medical practice as a cultural system, focusing on the human, as opposed to the biological, side of things. Also considered is how people in different cultures think of disease, health, body, and mind.

Subjects

history of medicine | history of medicine | sickness | sickness | healing | healing | disease causation | disease causation | beliefs | beliefs | disease treatment | disease treatment | institutions of medicine | institutions of medicine

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.2 Thomas Hobbes: The Monster of Malmesbury

Description

Part 2.2. A brief introduction to Thomas Hobbes, 'The Monster of Malmsbury', his views on a mechanistic universe, his strong ideas on determinism and his pessimistic view of human nature: 'The life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short'. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism | causation | philosophy | civil war | leviathan | hobbes | materialism

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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2.5 Nicolas Malebranche and George Berkeley

Description

Part 2.5. Focuses on Malebranche, a lesser-known French Philosopher, and his ideas on idealism and the influence they had on English philosopher George Berkeley. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley | idealism | perception | god | causation | philosophy | empiricism | malebranche | berkeley

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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General Philosophy

Description

A series of lectures delivered by Peter Millican to first-year philosophy students at the University of Oxford. The lectures comprise the 8-week General Philosophy course and were delivered in late 2009.

Subjects

simple-podcasting | tpi3 | philosophy | millican | slides | powerpoint | checked1 | identity | locke | hume | mind | body | waismann | parfit | reid | memory | ancestral relations | sorites argument | leibniz | free will | determinism | sentimentalism | freedom | moral responsibility | libertarianism | necessity | causal | freedom determinism | choice | hobbes | compatibalism | ethics | frankfurt | perception | realism | idealism | phenomenalism | austin | strawson | berkeley | knowledge | boyle | ayer | peception | dualism | descartes | scepticism | skepticism | truth | ryle | meditations | induction | experience | reason | reichenbach | mellor | primary qualities | secondary qualities | ideas | epistemology | belief | putnam | gettier | moore | infinite regress | logic | external world | kant | immanuel kant | history | david hume | malebranche | god | causation | empiricism | rationalism | human understanding | treatise | government | corpuscularian | corpuscles | mathematics | atoms | science | newton | gravity | physics | civil war | leviathan | materialism | aristotle | renaissance | astronomy | society | religion | christianity | galileo | plato | stoics | epicureans | middle ages | aquinas | ontology | he - historical and philosophical studies | v500 | v380 | v511 | philosophical studies | V000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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2.2 Thomas Hobbes: The Monster of Malmesbury

Description

Part 2.2. A brief introduction to Thomas Hobbes, 'The Monster of Malmsbury', his views on a mechanistic universe, his strong ideas on determinism and his pessimistic view of human nature: 'The life of man is solitary, poor, nasty, brutish and short'.

Subjects

hobbes | civil war | leviathan | causation | philosophy | materialism | v500 | ukoer | philosophical studies | V000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Research Methods: Final Year Project Toolkit: Bivariate Analysis

Description

Information in this document and the tutor notes included within the PowerPoint presentations are intended to support the wider use and reuse of these Open Educational Resources.

Subjects

dependent variable | causation | cross tabulation | elaboration analysis | independent variable | ukoer | lfwoer | cpd | learning from woerk | uopcpdrm | continuous professional development | quantitative | qualitative | hea | jisc | hefce | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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2.5 Nicolas Malebranche and George Berkeley

Description

Part 2.5. Focuses on Malebranche, a lesser-known French Philosopher, and his ideas on idealism and the influence they had on English philosopher George Berkeley.

Subjects

malebranche | berkeley | idealism | god | causation | empiricism | perception | philosophy | v500 | ukoer | philosophical studies | V000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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14.33 Economics Research and Communication (MIT)

Description

This course is for students interested in conducting original research on economics questions. There will be an emphasis on choice of research topics, primary sources, data sources, and research methods. The primary activities are oral presentations, the preparation of a paper, and providing constructive feedback on classmates' research projects.

Subjects

research | communication | economics | causation | randomized experiments | inference | STATA | empirical | writing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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14.475 Environmental Economics and Government Responses to Market Failure (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory behind and evidence on regulatory, tax, and other government responses to problems of market failure. Special emphasis is given to developing and implementing tools to evaluate environmental policies. Other topics include cost-benefit analysis, measurement of the benefits of non-market goods and costs of regulations, and the evaluation of the impact of regulations in areas such as financial markets, workplace health and safety, consumer product safety, and other contexts.

Subjects

economics | environment | public finance | environmental economics | research | causation | pigovian taxes | coasian | bost-benefit analysis | public economics | hedonic method | valuation | housing | health effects | dose-response | avoidance | household production function | locational equilibrium | policy | regulations | double dividend | climate change | development | markets | labor | workplace | safety | advertising | traffic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Substances and baby weight

Description

A simple interactive graph to illustrate the idea of confounding and why scientists must check for it before announcing a result. The example uses real data from Children of the 90s (http://childrenofthe90s.ac.uk), a large longitudinal study which is also known as the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. The graph initially shows a negative relationship between mothers' coffee consumption and baby weight, and invites the reader to interpret this relationship. The format is an interactive web page with embedded scripts and style sheets. It requires a modern web browser but no other software. The software libraries are included in the package so that the graph can be used without needing to be online.

Subjects

correlation | causation | confounding | statistics | pregnancy | epidemiology

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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24.221 Metaphysics: Free Will (MIT)

Description

This course is a study of free will. It explores the main topic through the lenses of the consequence argument, unavoidability, law breaking, libertarianism, the concept of the person, moral responsibility, action, intention, choice, social psychology, and addiction.

Subjects

free will | mind-body problem | personal identity | causation | Modal Metaphysics | Libertarianism | Time travel | Choice | Freedom

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HealthKnowledge Public Health Textbook - Disease causation and the diagnostic process

Description

'Disease causation and the diagnostic process in relation to public health; prevention and health promotion' is part of the 'Public Health Textbook' which can be accessed as an online resource. It covers part of the public health skills and competencies and has been organised in relation to the Faculty of Public Health Part A membership examination syllabus.

Subjects

ukoer | phorus | public health | disease causation | diagnostic process | prevention | health promotion | health sciences and practice | healthknowledge | Subjects allied to medicine | B000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/

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