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7.347 Epigenetic Regulation of Stem Cells (MIT) 7.347 Epigenetic Regulation of Stem Cells (MIT)

Description

During development a single totipotent cell gives rise to the vast array of cell types present in the adult human body, yet each cell has essentially the same DNA sequence. As cells differentiate, distinct sets of genes must be coordinately activated and repressed, ultimately leading to a cell-type specific pattern of gene expression and a particular cell fate. In eukaryotic organisms, DNA is packaged in a complex protein super structure known as chromatin. Modification and reorganization of chromatin play a critical role in coordinating the cell-type specific gene expression programs that are required as a cell transitions from a pluripotent stem cell to a fully differentiated cell type. Epigenetics refers to such heritable changes that occur in chromatin without altering the primary DNA During development a single totipotent cell gives rise to the vast array of cell types present in the adult human body, yet each cell has essentially the same DNA sequence. As cells differentiate, distinct sets of genes must be coordinately activated and repressed, ultimately leading to a cell-type specific pattern of gene expression and a particular cell fate. In eukaryotic organisms, DNA is packaged in a complex protein super structure known as chromatin. Modification and reorganization of chromatin play a critical role in coordinating the cell-type specific gene expression programs that are required as a cell transitions from a pluripotent stem cell to a fully differentiated cell type. Epigenetics refers to such heritable changes that occur in chromatin without altering the primary DNA

Subjects

Stem cells | Stem cells | induced pluripotency | induced pluripotency | Epigenetics | Epigenetics | chromatin | chromatin | histone | histone | epigenome | epigenome | genome-wide analyses | genome-wide analyses | high-throughput sequencing technologies | high-throughput sequencing technologies | Chromatin Immunoprecipitation sequencing | Chromatin Immunoprecipitation sequencing | ncRNAs | ncRNAs | epigenetic regulation | epigenetic regulation | DNA methylation | DNA methylation | post-translational modification of histones | post-translational modification of histones | roles of chromatin-assembly modifying complexes | roles of chromatin-assembly modifying complexes | non-coding RNAs | non-coding RNAs | nuclear organization | nuclear organization | developmental fate | developmental fate | stem cell therapy | stem cell therapy

License

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7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT) 7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT)

Description

This course covers the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Topics include Eukaryotic genome structure, function, and expression, processing of RNA, and regulation of the cell cycle. The techniques and logic used to address important problems in nuclear cell biology is emphasized. Lectures cover broad topic areas in nuclear cell biology and class discussions focus on representative papers recently published in the field. This course covers the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Topics include Eukaryotic genome structure, function, and expression, processing of RNA, and regulation of the cell cycle. The techniques and logic used to address important problems in nuclear cell biology is emphasized. Lectures cover broad topic areas in nuclear cell biology and class discussions focus on representative papers recently published in the field.

Subjects

cell biology | cell biology | nucleus | nucleus | biology | biology | nuclear cell biology | nuclear cell biology | DNA replication | DNA replication | DNA repair | DNA repair | DNA | DNA | genome | genome | cell cycle control | cell cycle control | chromatin | chromatin | gene expression | gene expression | replication | replication | transcription | transcription | RNA | RNA | RNA interference | RNA interference | mRNA | mRNA | microRNA | microRNA | RNAi | RNAi

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.349 Stem Cells: A Cure or Disease? (MIT) 7.349 Stem Cells: A Cure or Disease? (MIT)

Description

Have you ever considered going to a pharmacy to order some new cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells) for your ailing heart? It might sound crazy, but recent developments in stem cell science have made this concept not so futuristic. In this course, we will explore the underlying biology behind the idea of using stem cells to treat disease, specifically analyzing the mechanisms that enable a single genome to encode multiple cell states ranging from neurons to fibroblasts to T cells. Overall, we hope to provide a comprehensive overview of this exciting new field of research and its clinical relevance. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literat Have you ever considered going to a pharmacy to order some new cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells) for your ailing heart? It might sound crazy, but recent developments in stem cell science have made this concept not so futuristic. In this course, we will explore the underlying biology behind the idea of using stem cells to treat disease, specifically analyzing the mechanisms that enable a single genome to encode multiple cell states ranging from neurons to fibroblasts to T cells. Overall, we hope to provide a comprehensive overview of this exciting new field of research and its clinical relevance. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literat

Subjects

stem cells | stem cells | stem cell therapy | stem cell therapy | cellular reprogramming | cellular reprogramming | transdifferentiation | transdifferentiation | pluripotency | pluripotency | epigenetics | epigenetics | genome-wide sequencing | genome-wide sequencing | transcription-mediated reprogramming | transcription-mediated reprogramming | embryonic stem cell technology | embryonic stem cell technology | transcription factors | transcription factors | chromatin structure | chromatin structure | H3K4me3 | H3K4me3 | H3K27me3 | H3K27me3 | histone deacetylase 1 | histone deacetylase 1 | RNAi screens | RNAi screens | Oct4 | Oct4 | cloning | cloning | Dolly | Dolly | in vitro differentiation | in vitro differentiation | regenerative medicine | regenerative medicine

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT) 7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT)

Description

The goal of this course is to teach both the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Lectures and class discussions will cover the background and fundamental findings in a particular area of nuclear cell biology. The assigned readings will provide concrete examples of the experimental approaches and logic used to establish these findings. Some examples of topics include genome and systems biology, transcription, and gene expression. The goal of this course is to teach both the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Lectures and class discussions will cover the background and fundamental findings in a particular area of nuclear cell biology. The assigned readings will provide concrete examples of the experimental approaches and logic used to establish these findings. Some examples of topics include genome and systems biology, transcription, and gene expression.

Subjects

cell biology | cell biology | nucleus | nucleus | biology | biology | nuclear cell biology | nuclear cell biology | DNA replication | DNA replication | DNA repair | DNA repair | DNA | DNA | genome | genome | cell cycle control | cell cycle control | transcriptional regulation | transcriptional regulation | gene expression | gene expression | chromatin | chromatin | chromosomes | chromosomes | replication | replication | transcription | transcription | RNA | RNA | RNA interference | RNA interference | mRNA | mRNA | microRNA | microRNA | RNAi | RNAi

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.06 Cell Biology (MIT) 7.06 Cell Biology (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the biology of cells of higher organisms: The structure, function, and biosynthesis of cellular membranes and organelles; cell growth and oncogenic transformation; transport, receptors, and cell signaling; the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, and cell movements; chromatin structure and RNA synthesis. This course deals with the biology of cells of higher organisms: The structure, function, and biosynthesis of cellular membranes and organelles; cell growth and oncogenic transformation; transport, receptors, and cell signaling; the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, and cell movements; chromatin structure and RNA synthesis.

Subjects

Biology | Biology | cells | cells | organisms | organisms | biosynthesis | biosynthesis | cellular membranes | cellular membranes | organelles | organelles | cell growth | cell growth | oncogenic transformation | oncogenic transformation | transport | transport | receptors | receptors | cell signaling | cell signaling | cytoskeleton | cytoskeleton | extracellular matrix | extracellular matrix | matrix | matrix | cell movements | cell movements | chromatin | chromatin | RNA | RNA | RNA synthesis | RNA synthesis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.342 Reading the Blueprint of Life: Transcription, Stem Cells and Differentiation (MIT) 7.342 Reading the Blueprint of Life: Transcription, Stem Cells and Differentiation (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at

Subjects

blueprint of life | blueprint of life | transcription | transcription | stem cells | stem cells | differentiation | differentiation | human tissues | human tissues | tissue regeneration | tissue regeneration | human disease | human disease | RNA and protein expression patterns | RNA and protein expression patterns | transcriptional regulation | transcriptional regulation | specialized gene expression programs | specialized gene expression programs | genome | genome | multipotent | multipotent | terminally differentiated | terminally differentiated | pluripotency | pluripotency | master regulators | master regulators | chromatin regulators | chromatin regulators | developmental defects | developmental defects | cancer | cancer

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.90J Computational Functional Genomics (MIT) 7.90J Computational Functional Genomics (MIT)

Description

The course focuses on casting contemporary problems in systems biology and functional genomics in computational terms and providing appropriate tools and methods to solve them. Topics include genome structure and function, transcriptional regulation, and stem cell biology in particular; measurement technologies such as microarrays (expression, protein-DNA interactions, chromatin structure); statistical data analysis, predictive and causal inference, and experiment design. The emphasis is on coupling problem structures (biological questions) with appropriate computational approaches. The course focuses on casting contemporary problems in systems biology and functional genomics in computational terms and providing appropriate tools and methods to solve them. Topics include genome structure and function, transcriptional regulation, and stem cell biology in particular; measurement technologies such as microarrays (expression, protein-DNA interactions, chromatin structure); statistical data analysis, predictive and causal inference, and experiment design. The emphasis is on coupling problem structures (biological questions) with appropriate computational approaches.

Subjects

systems biology | systems biology | genome structure | genome structure | DNA | DNA | RNA | RNA | transcription | transcription | stem cell | stem cell | biology | biology | microarray | microarray | gene expression | gene expression | statistical data analysis | statistical data analysis | chromatin | chromatin | gene sequence | gene sequence | genomic sequence | genomic sequence | motif | motif | protein | protein | error model | error model | diagnostic | diagnostic | gene clustering | gene clustering | phenotype | phenotype | clustering | clustering | proteome | proteome | 7.90 | 7.90 | 6.874 | 6.874

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Chromatin Remodelling

Description

Dr Erika Mancini explains how malfunctions in the regulation of chromatin structure often leads to complex multi-system diseases and cancer, notably leukemia. Dr Erika Mancini is interested in the role of chromatin in the regulation of gene transcription. All our cells contain the same set of genes, but only some of them are transcribed at any point in a particular tissue. Regulation of gene transcription is strongly linked to chromatin, physical packaging of the DNA within the nucleus. Molecular Mechanisms influencing DNA packaging Chromatin plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression. The movement of nucleosomes, packing and unpacking DNA, is governed by chromatin remodelling ATPases. Malfunctions in the regulation of chromatin structure often leads to complex multi-sy Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

disease | leukemia | chromatin remodelling | transcription regulation | Medicine | gene | heart diseases | disease | leukemia | chromatin remodelling | transcription regulation | Medicine | gene | heart diseases

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Chromatin Remodelling

Description

Dr Erika Mancini explains how malfunctions in the regulation of chromatin structure often leads to complex multi-system diseases and cancer, notably leukemia. Dr Erika Mancini is interested in the role of chromatin in the regulation of gene transcription. All our cells contain the same set of genes, but only some of them are transcribed at any point in a particular tissue. Regulation of gene transcription is strongly linked to chromatin, physical packaging of the DNA within the nucleus. Molecular Mechanisms influencing DNA packaging Chromatin plays an important role in the regulation of gene expression. The movement of nucleosomes, packing and unpacking DNA, is governed by chromatin remodelling ATPases. Malfunctions in the regulation of chromatin structure often leads to complex multi-sy Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

disease | leukemia | chromatin remodelling | transcription regulation | Medicine | gene | heart diseases | disease | leukemia | chromatin remodelling | transcription regulation | Medicine | gene | heart diseases

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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20.416J Topics in Biophysics and Physical Biology (MIT) 20.416J Topics in Biophysics and Physical Biology (MIT)

Description

This course provides broad exposure to research in biophysics and physical biology, with emphasis on the critical evaluation of scientific literature. Weekly meetings include in-depth discussion of scientific literature led by various MIT faculty on active research topics. Each session also includes a brief discussion of non-research topics including effective presentation skills, writing papers and fellowship proposals, choosing scientific and technical research topics, time management, and scientific ethics. This course provides broad exposure to research in biophysics and physical biology, with emphasis on the critical evaluation of scientific literature. Weekly meetings include in-depth discussion of scientific literature led by various MIT faculty on active research topics. Each session also includes a brief discussion of non-research topics including effective presentation skills, writing papers and fellowship proposals, choosing scientific and technical research topics, time management, and scientific ethics.

Subjects

20.416 | 20.416 | 7.74 | 7.74 | 8.590 | 8.590 | computational biology | computational biology | science | science | research | research | genome | genome | chromatin | chromatin | fellowship | fellowship | proposal | proposal | grad school | grad school | graduate school | graduate school | nano | nano | writing | writing | journal | journal | article | article | abstract | abstract | peer review | peer review | critique | critique | manuscript | manuscript | talk | talk | presentation | presentation | ethics | ethics | cv | cv | curriculum vitae | curriculum vitae

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.347 Epigenetic Regulation of Stem Cells (MIT)

Description

During development a single totipotent cell gives rise to the vast array of cell types present in the adult human body, yet each cell has essentially the same DNA sequence. As cells differentiate, distinct sets of genes must be coordinately activated and repressed, ultimately leading to a cell-type specific pattern of gene expression and a particular cell fate. In eukaryotic organisms, DNA is packaged in a complex protein super structure known as chromatin. Modification and reorganization of chromatin play a critical role in coordinating the cell-type specific gene expression programs that are required as a cell transitions from a pluripotent stem cell to a fully differentiated cell type. Epigenetics refers to such heritable changes that occur in chromatin without altering the primary DNA

Subjects

Stem cells | induced pluripotency | Epigenetics | chromatin | histone | epigenome | genome-wide analyses | high-throughput sequencing technologies | Chromatin Immunoprecipitation sequencing | ncRNAs | epigenetic regulation | DNA methylation | post-translational modification of histones | roles of chromatin-assembly modifying complexes | non-coding RNAs | nuclear organization | developmental fate | stem cell therapy

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.342 Reading the Blueprint of Life: Transcription, Stem Cells and Differentiation (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at

Subjects

blueprint of life | transcription | stem cells | differentiation | human tissues | tissue regeneration | human disease | RNA and protein expression patterns | transcriptional regulation | specialized gene expression programs | genome | multipotent | terminally differentiated | pluripotency | master regulators | chromatin regulators | developmental defects | cancer

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Nucleic acids and chromatin

Description

This unit helps you understand the properties of nucleotides and how they contribute to secondary and tertiary structures of nucleic acids at the molecular level. You will learn about the different composition and roles of nucleic acids in the cell, their interactions with each other and the use of ribozymes, aptamers, antisense and hybridization as tools in molecular research. The unit covers the function of DNA packaging within the cell, the interactions between the DNA double helix and the nucleosome and it helps you understand the various chromatin states within the interphase nucleus.

Subjects

science and nature | chromatin | chromosomes | dna | double-helix | electrophoresis | histones | hybridization | mutation | nucleoprotein | nucleosomes | rna | topoisomerase | Education | X000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT)

Description

This course covers the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Topics include Eukaryotic genome structure, function, and expression, processing of RNA, and regulation of the cell cycle. The techniques and logic used to address important problems in nuclear cell biology is emphasized. Lectures cover broad topic areas in nuclear cell biology and class discussions focus on representative papers recently published in the field.

Subjects

cell biology | nucleus | biology | nuclear cell biology | DNA replication | DNA repair | DNA | genome | cell cycle control | chromatin | gene expression | replication | transcription | RNA | RNA interference | mRNA | microRNA | RNAi

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.349 Stem Cells: A Cure or Disease? (MIT)

Description

Have you ever considered going to a pharmacy to order some new cardiomyocytes (heart muscle cells) for your ailing heart? It might sound crazy, but recent developments in stem cell science have made this concept not so futuristic. In this course, we will explore the underlying biology behind the idea of using stem cells to treat disease, specifically analyzing the mechanisms that enable a single genome to encode multiple cell states ranging from neurons to fibroblasts to T cells. Overall, we hope to provide a comprehensive overview of this exciting new field of research and its clinical relevance. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literat

Subjects

stem cells | stem cell therapy | cellular reprogramming | transdifferentiation | pluripotency | epigenetics | genome-wide sequencing | transcription-mediated reprogramming | embryonic stem cell technology | transcription factors | chromatin structure | H3K4me3 | H3K27me3 | histone deacetylase 1 | RNAi screens | Oct4 | cloning | Dolly | in vitro differentiation | regenerative medicine

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.60 Cell Biology: Structure and Functions of the Nucleus (MIT)

Description

The goal of this course is to teach both the fundamentals of nuclear cell biology as well as the methodological and experimental approaches upon which they are based. Lectures and class discussions will cover the background and fundamental findings in a particular area of nuclear cell biology. The assigned readings will provide concrete examples of the experimental approaches and logic used to establish these findings. Some examples of topics include genome and systems biology, transcription, and gene expression.

Subjects

cell biology | nucleus | biology | nuclear cell biology | DNA replication | DNA repair | DNA | genome | cell cycle control | transcriptional regulation | gene expression | chromatin | chromosomes | replication | transcription | RNA | RNA interference | mRNA | microRNA | RNAi

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.06 Cell Biology (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the biology of cells of higher organisms: The structure, function, and biosynthesis of cellular membranes and organelles; cell growth and oncogenic transformation; transport, receptors, and cell signaling; the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, and cell movements; chromatin structure and RNA synthesis.

Subjects

Biology | cells | organisms | biosynthesis | cellular membranes | organelles | cell growth | oncogenic transformation | transport | receptors | cell signaling | cytoskeleton | extracellular matrix | matrix | cell movements | chromatin | RNA | RNA synthesis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.342 Reading the Blueprint of Life: Transcription, Stem Cells and Differentiation (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will address how transcriptional regulators both prohibit and drive differentiation during the course of development. How does a stem cell know when to remain a stem cell and when to become a specific cell type? Are there global differences in the way the genome is read in multipotent and terminally differentiated cells? We will explore how stem cell pluripotency is preserved, how master regulators of cell-fate decisions execute developmental programs, and how chromatin regulators control undifferentiated versus differentiated states. Additionally, we will discuss how aberrant regulation of transcriptional regulators produces disorders such as developmental defects and cancer.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at

Subjects

blueprint of life | transcription | stem cells | differentiation | human tissues | tissue regeneration | human disease | RNA and protein expression patterns | transcriptional regulation | specialized gene expression programs | genome | multipotent | terminally differentiated | pluripotency | master regulators | chromatin regulators | developmental defects | cancer

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.90J Computational Functional Genomics (MIT)

Description

The course focuses on casting contemporary problems in systems biology and functional genomics in computational terms and providing appropriate tools and methods to solve them. Topics include genome structure and function, transcriptional regulation, and stem cell biology in particular; measurement technologies such as microarrays (expression, protein-DNA interactions, chromatin structure); statistical data analysis, predictive and causal inference, and experiment design. The emphasis is on coupling problem structures (biological questions) with appropriate computational approaches.

Subjects

systems biology | genome structure | DNA | RNA | transcription | stem cell | biology | microarray | gene expression | statistical data analysis | chromatin | gene sequence | genomic sequence | motif | protein | error model | diagnostic | gene clustering | phenotype | clustering | proteome | 7.90 | 6.874

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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20.416J Topics in Biophysics and Physical Biology (MIT)

Description

This course provides broad exposure to research in biophysics and physical biology, with emphasis on the critical evaluation of scientific literature. Weekly meetings include in-depth discussion of scientific literature led by various MIT faculty on active research topics. Each session also includes a brief discussion of non-research topics including effective presentation skills, writing papers and fellowship proposals, choosing scientific and technical research topics, time management, and scientific ethics.

Subjects

20.416 | 7.74 | 8.590 | computational biology | science | research | genome | chromatin | fellowship | proposal | grad school | graduate school | nano | writing | journal | article | abstract | peer review | critique | manuscript | talk | presentation | ethics | cv | curriculum vitae

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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