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12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT) 12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall. Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | 1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | pressure and density | Convection | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Humidity | Convective clouds | Convective clouds | Temperature | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Winds | Fluids in motion | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | ocean | ocean | seawater | seawater | salinity | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

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12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT) 12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT)

Description

The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data. The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | 1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | pressure and density | Convection | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Humidity | Convective clouds | Convective clouds | Temperature | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Winds | Fluids in motion | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | ocean | ocean | seawater | seawater | salinity | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.808 Introduction to Observational Physical Oceanography (MIT) 12.808 Introduction to Observational Physical Oceanography (MIT)

Description

Observational physical oceanography includes topics such as the  physical description of the sea, the physical properties of seawater, methods and measurements, wind-driven ocean circulation, abyssal ocean circulation, boundary processes, and wave motions. Observational physical oceanography includes topics such as the  physical description of the sea, the physical properties of seawater, methods and measurements, wind-driven ocean circulation, abyssal ocean circulation, boundary processes, and wave motions.

Subjects

Physical description of the sea | Physical description of the sea | physical properties of seawater | physical properties of seawater | methods | methods | measurements | measurements | wind-driven ocean circulation | wind-driven ocean circulation | abyssal ocean circulation | abyssal ocean circulation | boundary processes | boundary processes | wave motions | wave motions

License

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12.340 Global Warming Science (MIT) 12.340 Global Warming Science (MIT)

Description

This course provides students with a scientific foundation of anthropogenic climate change and an introduction to climate models. It focuses on fundamental physical processes that shape climate (e.g. solar variability, orbital mechanics, greenhouse gases, atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and volcanic and soil aerosols) and on evidence for past and present climate change. During the course they discuss material consequences of climate change, including sea level change, variations in precipitation, vegetation, storminess, and the incidence of disease. This course also examines the science behind mitigation and adaptation proposals. This course provides students with a scientific foundation of anthropogenic climate change and an introduction to climate models. It focuses on fundamental physical processes that shape climate (e.g. solar variability, orbital mechanics, greenhouse gases, atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and volcanic and soil aerosols) and on evidence for past and present climate change. During the course they discuss material consequences of climate change, including sea level change, variations in precipitation, vegetation, storminess, and the incidence of disease. This course also examines the science behind mitigation and adaptation proposals.

Subjects

climate change | climate change | climate model | climate model | solar variability | solar variability | orbital mechanics | orbital mechanics | greenhouse gases | greenhouse gases | atmospheric circulation | atmospheric circulation | oceanic circulation | oceanic circulation | volcanic aerosols | volcanic aerosols | soil aerosols | soil aerosols | precipitation | precipitation | vegetation | vegetation

License

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12.307 Weather and Climate Laboratory (MIT) 12.307 Weather and Climate Laboratory (MIT)

Description

Course 12.307 is an undergraduate course intended to illustrate, by means of 'hands on' projects, the basic dynamical and physical principles that govern the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and the day to day sequence of weather events.  The course parallels the content of the new undergraduate textbook Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb. Course 12.307 is an undergraduate course intended to illustrate, by means of 'hands on' projects, the basic dynamical and physical principles that govern the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and the day to day sequence of weather events.  The course parallels the content of the new undergraduate textbook Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb.

Subjects

Rotation stiffens fluids | Rotation stiffens fluids | Convection | Convection | Radial inflow | Radial inflow | Parabolic table | Parabolic table | inertial Circles | inertial Circles | Taylor Columns | Taylor Columns | Thermal Wind and Hadley Circulation | Thermal Wind and Hadley Circulation | Slope of a frontal surface | Slope of a frontal surface | Ekman layers | Ekman layers | Perrot's bathtub experiment | Perrot's bathtub experiment | Atmospheric General circulation | Atmospheric General circulation | Stress-driven circulation and Ekman layers | Stress-driven circulation and Ekman layers | Ocean gyres | Ocean gyres | Thermohaline Circulation | Thermohaline Circulation | Geostrophic/Ageostrophic Flow | Geostrophic/Ageostrophic Flow | Mass and Wind | Mass and Wind | Hydrostatic balance | Hydrostatic balance | Baroclinic instability | Baroclinic instability | Hurricane Gustav | Hurricane Gustav

License

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12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT) 12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence

Subjects

atmosphere | atmosphere | meteorology | meteorology | climate | climate | Hadley circulation | Hadley circulation | general circulation | general circulation | atmospheric waves | atmospheric waves | Rossby waves | Rossby waves | stationary waves | stationary waves | atmospheric turbulence | atmospheric turbulence

License

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12.812 General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (MIT) 12.812 General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course examines diagnostic studies of the Earth's atmosphere and discusses their implications for the theory of the structure and general circulation of the Earth's atmosphere. It includes some discussion of the validation and use of general circulation models as atmospheric analogs. This course examines diagnostic studies of the Earth's atmosphere and discusses their implications for the theory of the structure and general circulation of the Earth's atmosphere. It includes some discussion of the validation and use of general circulation models as atmospheric analogs.

Subjects

atmosphere | atmosphere | Eliassen-Palm Theorem | Eliassen-Palm Theorem | Eliassen-Palm flux | Eliassen-Palm flux | eddy fluxes | eddy fluxes | angular momentum | angular momentum | kinetic energy | kinetic energy | potential energy | potential energy | water vapor | water vapor | hydrological cycle | hydrological cycle | energy cycle | energy cycle | heat budget | heat budget | radiation budget | radiation budget | spectral analysis | spectral analysis | zonal mean circulations | zonal mean circulations | mean meridional circulation | mean meridional circulation

License

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12.003 Physics of Atmospheres and Oceans (MIT)

Description

The laws of classical mechanics and thermodynamics are used to explore how the properties of fluids on a rotating Earth manifest themselves in, and help shape, the global patterns of atmospheric winds, ocean currents, and the climate of the Earth. Theoretical discussion focuses on the physical processes involved. Underlying mechanisms are illustrated through laboratory demonstrations, using a rotating table, and through analysis of atmospheric and oceanic data.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Convective clouds | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | ocean | seawater | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.003 Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate class is designed to introduce students to the physics that govern the circulation of the ocean and atmosphere. The focus of the course is on the processes that control the climate of the planet.AcknowledgmentsProf. Ferrari wishes to acknowledge that this course was originally designed and taught by Prof. John Marshall.

Subjects

1. Characteristics of the atmosphere | Characteristics of the atmosphere | global energy balance | greenhouse effect | greenhouse gases | Atmospheric layers | pressure and density | Convection | adiabatic lapse rate | Humidity | Convective clouds | Temperature | Pressure and geopotential height | Winds | Fluids in motion | Hydrostatic balance | Incompressible flow | compressible flow | radial inflow | Geostrophic motion | Taylor-Proudman Theorem | Ekman layer | Coriolis force | Rossby number | Hadley circulation | ocean | seawater | salinity | geostrophic and hydrostatic balance | inhomogeneity | Abyssal circulation | thermohaline circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.808 Introduction to Observational Physical Oceanography (MIT)

Description

Observational physical oceanography includes topics such as the  physical description of the sea, the physical properties of seawater, methods and measurements, wind-driven ocean circulation, abyssal ocean circulation, boundary processes, and wave motions.

Subjects

Physical description of the sea | physical properties of seawater | methods | measurements | wind-driven ocean circulation | abyssal ocean circulation | boundary processes | wave motions

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT) 16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT)

Description

The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included. The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included.

Subjects

aerodynamics | aerodynamics | viscous fluids | viscous fluids | viscosity | viscosity | fundamental theorem of kinematics | fundamental theorem of kinematics | convection | convection | vorticity | vorticity | strain | strain | Eulerian description | Eulerian description | Lagrangian description | Lagrangian description | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | continuity | continuity | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | stress tensor | stress tensor | newtonian fluid | newtonian fluid | circulation | circulation | Navier-Stokes | Navier-Stokes | similarity | similarity | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | thin shear later approximation | thin shear later approximation | TSL coordinates | TSL coordinates | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | shear later categories | shear later categories | local scaling | local scaling | Falkner-Skan flows | Falkner-Skan flows | solution techniques | solution techniques | finite difference methods | finite difference methods | Newton-Raphson | Newton-Raphson | integral momentum equation | integral momentum equation | Thwaites method | Thwaites method | integral kinetic energy equation | integral kinetic energy equation | dissipation | dissipation | asymptotic perturbation | asymptotic perturbation | displacement body | displacement body | transpiration | transpiration | form drag | form drag | stall | stall | interacting boundary layer theory | interacting boundary layer theory | stability | stability | transition | transition | small-perturbation | small-perturbation | Orr-Somemerfeld | Orr-Somemerfeld | temporal amplification | temporal amplification | spatial amplification | spatial amplification | Reynolds | Reynolds | Prandtl | Prandtl | turbulent boundary layer | turbulent boundary layer | wake | wake | wall layers | wall layers | inner variables | inner variables | outer variables | outer variables | roughness | roughness | Clauser | Clauser | Dissipation formula | Dissipation formula | integral closer | integral closer | turbulence modeling | turbulence modeling | transport models | transport models | turbulent shear layers | turbulent shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressibility | compressibility | temperature profile | temperature profile | heat flux | heat flux | 3D boundary layers | 3D boundary layers | crossflow | crossflow | lateral dilation | lateral dilation | 3D separation | 3D separation | constant-crossflow | constant-crossflow | 3D transition | 3D transition | compressible thin shear layers | compressible thin shear layers

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.950 Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling (MIT) 12.950 Atmospheric and Oceanic Modeling (MIT)

Description

The numerical methods, formulation and parameterizations used in models of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean will be described in detail. Widely used numerical methods will be the focus but we will also review emerging concepts and new methods. The numerics underlying a hierarchy of models will be discussed, ranging from simple GFD models to the high-end GCMs. In the context of ocean GCMs, we will describe parameterization of geostrophic eddies, mixing and the surface and bottom boundary layers. In the atmosphere, we will review parameterizations of convection and large scale condensation, the planetary boundary layer and radiative transfer. The numerical methods, formulation and parameterizations used in models of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean will be described in detail. Widely used numerical methods will be the focus but we will also review emerging concepts and new methods. The numerics underlying a hierarchy of models will be discussed, ranging from simple GFD models to the high-end GCMs. In the context of ocean GCMs, we will describe parameterization of geostrophic eddies, mixing and the surface and bottom boundary layers. In the atmosphere, we will review parameterizations of convection and large scale condensation, the planetary boundary layer and radiative transfer.

Subjects

numerical methods | numerical methods | formulation | formulation | parameterizations | parameterizations | models of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean | models of the circulation of the atmosphere and ocean | numerics underlying a hierarchy of models | numerics underlying a hierarchy of models | simple GFD models | simple GFD models | high-end GCMs | high-end GCMs | ocean GCMs | ocean GCMs | parameterization of geostrophic eddies | parameterization of geostrophic eddies | mixing | mixing | surface and bottom boundary layers | surface and bottom boundary layers | atmosphere | atmosphere | parameterizations of convection | parameterizations of convection | large scale condensation | large scale condensation | planetary boundary layer | planetary boundary layer | radiative transfer | radiative transfer | finite difference method | finite difference method | Spatial discretization | Spatial discretization | numerical dispersion | numerical dispersion | Series expansion | Series expansion | Time-stepping | Time-stepping | Space-time discretization | Space-time discretization | Shallow water dynamics | Shallow water dynamics | Barotropic models | Barotropic models | Quasi-geostrophic equations | Quasi-geostrophic equations | Quasi-geostrophic models | Quasi-geostrophic models | Eddy parameterization | Eddy parameterization | Vertical coordinates | Vertical coordinates | primitive equations | primitive equations | Boundary layer parameterizations | Boundary layer parameterizations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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22.313J Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology (MIT) 22.313J Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology (MIT)

Description

This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis. This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis.

Subjects

reactor | reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | thermal behavior | thermal behavior | hydraulic | hydraulic | hydraulic behavior | hydraulic behavior | heat | heat | modeling | modeling | steam | steam | stability | stability | instability | instability | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | single-heated channel-transient analysis | single-heated channel-transient analysis | Multiple-heated channels | Multiple-heated channels | Loop analysis | Loop analysis | single and two-phase natural circulation | single and two-phase natural circulation | Kinematics | Kinematics | two-phase flows | two-phase flows | subchannel analysis | subchannel analysis | Core thermal analysis | Core thermal analysis

License

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22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT) 22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT)

Description

This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis.Starting in Spring 2007, this course will be offered jointly in the Departments of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering, and will be titled "Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology." This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis.Starting in Spring 2007, this course will be offered jointly in the Departments of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering, and will be titled "Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology."

Subjects

reactor | reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | thermal behavior | thermal behavior | hydraulic | hydraulic | hydraulic behavior | hydraulic behavior | heat | heat | modeling | modeling | steam | steam | stability | stability | instability | instability | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | single-heated channel-transient analysis | single-heated channel-transient analysis | Multiple-heated channels | Multiple-heated channels | Loop analysis | Loop analysis | single and two-phase natural circulation | single and two-phase natural circulation | Kinematics | Kinematics | two-phase flows | two-phase flows | subchannel analysis | subchannel analysis | Core thermal analysis | Core thermal analysis

License

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22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT) 22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT)

Description

Advanced topics emphasizing thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods. Single-heated channel-transient analysis. Multiple-heated channels connected at plena. Loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation. Kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows with energy addition. Boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions. Subchannel analysis. Core thermal analysis approaches. Advanced topics emphasizing thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods. Single-heated channel-transient analysis. Multiple-heated channels connected at plena. Loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation. Kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows with energy addition. Boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions. Subchannel analysis. Core thermal analysis approaches.

Subjects

thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | Single-heated channel-transient analysis | Single-heated channel-transient analysis | Multiple-heated channels | Multiple-heated channels | Loop analysis | Loop analysis | single and two-phase natural circulation | single and two-phase natural circulation | Kinematics | Kinematics | two-phase flows | two-phase flows | Subchannel analysis | Subchannel analysis | Core thermal analysis | Core thermal analysis | Subchannel analysis. Core thermal analysis | Subchannel analysis. Core thermal analysis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Online biology book : circulatory system resource stub

Description

The resource stub refers to an online textbook resource for the circulatory system and is intended for educational purposes. It covers a wide range of biological topics including chemistry, cell biology, genetics, thermodynamics, protein synthesis, plants and structure, animal organ systems, evolutionary theory, and biological diversity. Topics are divided into chapters that are illustrated and supported by hyperlinked glossary terms.

Subjects

heart | coronary circulation | lymphatic system | cardiovascular system | physiology | blood cells | myocardium | circulation | circulatory system | Anatomy | Biological Sciences | Subjects allied to Medicine | MATHEMATICS | SAFETY | UK EL04 = SCQF 4 | Foundational Level | NICAT 1 | CQFW 1 | Foundation | GCSE D-G | NVQ 1 | Intermediate 1 | | UK EL05 = SCQF 5 | Intermediate level | Intermediate | NICAT 2 | CQFW 2 | Intermediate | GSCE A-C | NVQ 2 | | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | Biological sciences | Subjects allied to medicine | C000 | B000 | HEALTH CARE / MEDICINE / HEALTH and SAFETY | SCIENCES and MATHEMATICS | P | R

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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12.301 Past and Present Climate (12.301) / Climate Physics and Chemistry (12.842) (MIT) 12.301 Past and Present Climate (12.301) / Climate Physics and Chemistry (12.842) (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history. This course introduces students to climate studies, including beginnings of the solar system, time scales, and climate in human history.

Subjects

climate | climate | climate change | climate change | proxies | proxies | ice cores | ice cores | primordial atmosphere | primordial atmosphere | ozone chemistry | ozone chemistry | carbon and oxygen cycles | carbon and oxygen cycles | heat and water budgets | heat and water budgets | aerosols | aerosols | water vapor | water vapor | clouds | clouds | ocean circulation | ocean circulation | orbital variations | orbital variations | volcanism | volcanism | plate tectonics | plate tectonics | solar system | solar system | solar variability | solar variability | climate model | climate model | energy balance | energy balance

License

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2.011 Introduction to Ocean Science and Technology (13.00) (MIT) 2.011 Introduction to Ocean Science and Technology (13.00) (MIT)

Description

Introductory subject for students majoring or minoring in ocean engineering and others desiring introductory knowledge in the field. Physical oceanography including distributions of salinity, temperature, and density, heat balance, major ocean circulations and geostrophic flows, and influence of wind stress. Surface waves including wave velocities, propagation phenomena, and descriptions of real sea waves. Acoustics in the ocean including influence of water properties on sound speed and refraction, sounds generated by ships and marine animals, fundamentals of sonar, types of sonar systems and their principles of operation.This course was originally offered in Course 13 (Department of Ocean Engineering) as 13.00. In 2005, ocean engineering subjects became part of Course 2 (Department of Mec Introductory subject for students majoring or minoring in ocean engineering and others desiring introductory knowledge in the field. Physical oceanography including distributions of salinity, temperature, and density, heat balance, major ocean circulations and geostrophic flows, and influence of wind stress. Surface waves including wave velocities, propagation phenomena, and descriptions of real sea waves. Acoustics in the ocean including influence of water properties on sound speed and refraction, sounds generated by ships and marine animals, fundamentals of sonar, types of sonar systems and their principles of operation.This course was originally offered in Course 13 (Department of Ocean Engineering) as 13.00. In 2005, ocean engineering subjects became part of Course 2 (Department of Mec

Subjects

Physical oceanography | | Physical oceanography | | major ocean circulations | | major ocean circulations | | geostrophic flows | | geostrophic flows | | Surface waves | | Surface waves | | wave velocities | | wave velocities | | propagation phenomena | | propagation phenomena | | ocean acoustics | | ocean acoustics | | sonar | sonar

License

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12.307 Weather and Climate Laboratory (MIT)

Description

Course 12.307 is an undergraduate course intended to illustrate, by means of 'hands on' projects, the basic dynamical and physical principles that govern the general circulation of the atmosphere and ocean and the day to day sequence of weather events.  The course parallels the content of the new undergraduate textbook Atmosphere, Ocean and Climate Dynamics by John Marshall and R. Alan Plumb.

Subjects

Rotation stiffens fluids | Convection | Radial inflow | Parabolic table | inertial Circles | Taylor Columns | Thermal Wind and Hadley Circulation | Slope of a frontal surface | Ekman layers | Perrot's bathtub experiment | Atmospheric General circulation | Stress-driven circulation and Ekman layers | Ocean gyres | Thermohaline Circulation | Geostrophic/Ageostrophic Flow | Mass and Wind | Hydrostatic balance | Baroclinic instability | Hurricane Gustav

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12.812 General Circulation of the Earth's Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course examines diagnostic studies of the Earth's atmosphere and discusses their implications for the theory of the structure and general circulation of the Earth's atmosphere. It includes some discussion of the validation and use of general circulation models as atmospheric analogs.

Subjects

atmosphere | Eliassen-Palm Theorem | Eliassen-Palm flux | eddy fluxes | angular momentum | kinetic energy | potential energy | water vapor | hydrological cycle | energy cycle | heat budget | radiation budget | spectral analysis | zonal mean circulations | mean meridional circulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21L.715 Media in Cultural Context (MIT) 21L.715 Media in Cultural Context (MIT)

Description

This course explores the international trade in television text, considering the ways in which 'foreign' programs find places within 'domestic' schedules. Looking at the life television texts maintain outside of their home market, this course examines questions of globalization and national cultures of production and reception. Students will be introduced to a range of positions about the nature of international textual trade, including economic arguments about the structuring of international markets and ethnographic studies about the role imported content plays in the formation of hybrid national identities. Students will be encouraged to consider the role American content is made to play in non-American markets. This course explores the international trade in television text, considering the ways in which 'foreign' programs find places within 'domestic' schedules. Looking at the life television texts maintain outside of their home market, this course examines questions of globalization and national cultures of production and reception. Students will be introduced to a range of positions about the nature of international textual trade, including economic arguments about the structuring of international markets and ethnographic studies about the role imported content plays in the formation of hybrid national identities. Students will be encouraged to consider the role American content is made to play in non-American markets.

Subjects

television | television | world markets | world markets | globalization | globalization | national cultures of production and reception | national cultures of production and reception | international cultural exchange | international cultural exchange | format trading | format trading | creativity of translation | creativity of translation | international circulation of light entertainment | international circulation of light entertainment | identity formation | identity formation | domestic content regulation strategies | domestic content regulation strategies | cultural imports | cultural imports | media imperialism | media imperialism | production industires | production industires | economics | economics | cultural translation | cultural translation | universal texts | universal texts | trade flows | trade flows | adaptation | adaptation | subtitling | subtitling | genre | genre | transparency | transparency | diasporic media | diasporic media | American culture | American culture | local reception | local reception | response | response

License

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12.340 Global Warming Science (MIT)

Description

This course provides students with a scientific foundation of anthropogenic climate change and an introduction to climate models. It focuses on fundamental physical processes that shape climate (e.g. solar variability, orbital mechanics, greenhouse gases, atmospheric and oceanic circulation, and volcanic and soil aerosols) and on evidence for past and present climate change. During the course they discuss material consequences of climate change, including sea level change, variations in precipitation, vegetation, storminess, and the incidence of disease. This course also examines the science behind mitigation and adaptation proposals.

Subjects

climate change | climate model | solar variability | orbital mechanics | greenhouse gases | atmospheric circulation | oceanic circulation | volcanic aerosols | soil aerosols | precipitation | vegetation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.304J Site and Urban Systems Planning (MIT) 11.304J Site and Urban Systems Planning (MIT)

Description

The Site and Urban Systems Planning course provides a unique opportunity to engage in the exploration, utilization and critical assessment of new multi-layered manipulative simulation interfaces. Developed by the Tangible Media Group at the Media Lab, these platforms combine and update digital and tangible data in ways that promise to enhance design and planning processes and communication with the public. By testing and applying these platforms, as well as traditional methods, we will be able to learn various approaches involved in evaluating and planning sites.These approaches include:Understanding spatial as well as temporal relationships between individual site factors and local or regional context.Identifying basic relationships between natural and cultural processes and how they infl The Site and Urban Systems Planning course provides a unique opportunity to engage in the exploration, utilization and critical assessment of new multi-layered manipulative simulation interfaces. Developed by the Tangible Media Group at the Media Lab, these platforms combine and update digital and tangible data in ways that promise to enhance design and planning processes and communication with the public. By testing and applying these platforms, as well as traditional methods, we will be able to learn various approaches involved in evaluating and planning sites.These approaches include:Understanding spatial as well as temporal relationships between individual site factors and local or regional context.Identifying basic relationships between natural and cultural processes and how they infl

Subjects

site planning | site planning | natural systems | natural systems | digital planning | digital planning | site analysis | site analysis | evaluation and selection | evaluation and selection | spatial organization and programming | spatial organization and programming | analysis of surface runoff | analysis of surface runoff | utility systems | utility systems | design of circulation | design of circulation | parking and subdivision patterns | parking and subdivision patterns | street layouts | street layouts | 11.304 | 11.304

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12.810 Dynamics of the Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course begins with a study of the role of dynamics in the general physics of the atmosphere, the consideration of the differences between modeling and approximation, and the observed large-scale phenomenology of the atmosphere. Only then are the basic equations derived in rigorous manner. The equations are then applied to important problems and methodologies in meteorology and climate, with discussions of the history of the topics where appropriate. Problems include the Hadley circulation and its role in the general circulation, atmospheric waves including gravity and Rossby waves and their interaction with the mean flow, with specific applications to the stratospheric quasi-biennial oscillation, tides, the super-rotation of Venus' atmosphere, the generation of atmospheric turbulence

Subjects

atmosphere | meteorology | climate | Hadley circulation | general circulation | atmospheric waves | Rossby waves | stationary waves | atmospheric turbulence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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13.00 Introduction to Ocean Science and Technology (MIT) 13.00 Introduction to Ocean Science and Technology (MIT)

Description

Introductory subject for students majoring or minoring in ocean engineering and others desiring introductory knowledge in the field. Physical oceanography including distributions of salinity, temperature, and density, heat balance, major ocean circulations and geostrophic flows, and influence of wind stress. Surface waves including wave velocities, propagation phenomena, and descriptions of real sea waves. Acoustics in the ocean including influence of water properties on sound speed and refraction, sounds generated by ships and marine animals, fundamentals of sonar, types of sonar systems and their principles of operation.Technical RequirementsAny number of software tools can be used to import the .dat files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific i Introductory subject for students majoring or minoring in ocean engineering and others desiring introductory knowledge in the field. Physical oceanography including distributions of salinity, temperature, and density, heat balance, major ocean circulations and geostrophic flows, and influence of wind stress. Surface waves including wave velocities, propagation phenomena, and descriptions of real sea waves. Acoustics in the ocean including influence of water properties on sound speed and refraction, sounds generated by ships and marine animals, fundamentals of sonar, types of sonar systems and their principles of operation.Technical RequirementsAny number of software tools can be used to import the .dat files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific i

Subjects

Physical oceanography | | Physical oceanography | | major ocean circulations | | major ocean circulations | | geostrophic flows | | geostrophic flows | | Surface waves | | Surface waves | | wave velocities | | wave velocities | | propagation phenomena | | propagation phenomena | | ocean acoustics | | ocean acoustics | | sonar | sonar

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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