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11.949 City Visions: Past and Future (MIT) 11.949 City Visions: Past and Future (MIT)

Description

This class is intended to introduce students to understandings of the city generated from both social science literature and the field of urban design. The first part of the course examines literature on the history and theory of the city. Among other factors, it pays special attention to the larger territorial settings in which cities emerged and developed (ranging from the global to the national to the regional context) and how these affected the nature, character, and functioning of cities and the lives of their inhabitants. The remaining weeks focus more explicitly on the theory and practice of design visions for the city, the latter in both utopian and realized form. One of our aims will be to assess the conditions under which a variety of design visions were conceived, and to as This class is intended to introduce students to understandings of the city generated from both social science literature and the field of urban design. The first part of the course examines literature on the history and theory of the city. Among other factors, it pays special attention to the larger territorial settings in which cities emerged and developed (ranging from the global to the national to the regional context) and how these affected the nature, character, and functioning of cities and the lives of their inhabitants. The remaining weeks focus more explicitly on the theory and practice of design visions for the city, the latter in both utopian and realized form. One of our aims will be to assess the conditions under which a variety of design visions were conceived, and to as

Subjects

understandings of the city | understandings of the city | social science literature and the field of urban design | social science literature and the field of urban design | literature on the history and theory of the city | literature on the history and theory of the city | larger territorial settings | larger territorial settings | nature | character | and functioning of cities | nature | character | and functioning of cities | lives of inhabitants | lives of inhabitants | theory and practice of design visions for the city | theory and practice of design visions for the city | utopian | utopian | utopian and realized form | utopian and realized form | patterns of territorial ?nestedness? | patterns of territorial ?nestedness? | future prospects of cities | future prospects of cities | territory | territory | cities | cities | context | context | local | local | national | national | global | global | urban settings | urban settings | city design | city design | social justice | social justice | politics of change | politics of change | urban design | urban design | history | history | theory | theory | territorial settings | territorial settings | urbanites | urbanites | city dwellers | city dwellers | inhabitants | inhabitants | nestedness | nestedness | regional | regional | imperial | imperial | politics | politics | sociology | sociology

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT) 16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT)

Description

16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is 16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is

Subjects

Computational Mechanics | Computational Mechanics | Computation | Computation | Mechanics | Mechanics | Materials | Materials | Numerical Methods | Numerical Methods | Numerical | Numerical | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Continuum | Continuum | Deformation | Deformation | Elasticity | Elasticity | Inelasticity | Inelasticity | Dynamics | Dynamics | Variational Formulation | Variational Formulation | Variational Constitutive Updates | Variational Constitutive Updates | Finite Element | Finite Element | Discretization | Discretization | Error Estimation | Error Estimation | Constrained Problems | Constrained Problems | Time Integration | Time Integration | Convergence Analysis | Convergence Analysis | Programming | Programming | Continuum Response | Continuum Response | Computational | Computational | state-of-the-art | state-of-the-art | methods | methods | modeling | modeling | simulation | simulation | mechanical | mechanical | response | response | engineering | engineering | aerospace | aerospace | civil | civil | material | material | science | science | biomechanics | biomechanics | behavior | behavior | finite | finite | deformation | deformation | elasticity | elasticity | inelasticity | inelasticity | contact | contact | friction | friction | coupled | coupled | numerical | numerical | formulation | formulation | algorithms | algorithms | Variational | Variational | constitutive | constitutive | updates | updates | element | element | discretization | discretization | mesh | mesh | generation | generation | error | error | estimation | estimation | constrained | constrained | problems | problems | time | time | convergence | convergence | analysis | analysis | parallel | parallel | computer | computer | implementation | implementation | programming | programming | assembly | assembly | equation-solving | equation-solving | formulating | formulating | implementing | implementing | complex | complex | approximations | approximations | equations | equations | motion | motion | dynamic | dynamic | deformations | deformations | continua | continua | plasticity | plasticity | rate-dependency | rate-dependency | integration | integration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Presenting the Freedom of the City to Earl Jellicoe Presenting the Freedom of the City to Earl Jellicoe

Description

Subjects

johngrantham | johngrantham | sheriff | sheriff | newcastleupontyne | newcastleupontyne | 1920s | 1920s | northeastengland | northeastengland | tyneside | tyneside | earljellicoe | earljellicoe | admiralofthefleet | admiralofthefleet | freedomofthecity | freedomofthecity | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | socialhistory | socialhistory | digitalimage | digitalimage | socialheritage | socialheritage | 9november1925 | 9november1925 | servingthecity | servingthecity | service | service | duty | duty | social | social | archives | archives | 1877 | 1877 | blyth | blyth | interesting | interesting | fascinating | fascinating | unusual | unusual | unitedkingdom | unitedkingdom | presentation | presentation | event | event | freedomofthecityofnewcastleupontyne | freedomofthecityofnewcastleupontyne | cityofnewcastleupontyne | cityofnewcastleupontyne | lordmayor | lordmayor | cinemaproprietor | cinemaproprietor | citycouncil | citycouncil | alderman | alderman | 800thanniversary | 800thanniversary | 2016 | 2016 | creationofnewcastlesmayoraltyandburgesses | creationofnewcastlesmayoraltyandburgesses | interior | interior | room | room | grain | grain | blur | blur | wall | wall | door | door | timber | timber | table | table | chair | chair | uniform | uniform | necklace | necklace | tie | tie | shirt | shirt | moustache | moustache | paper | paper | trophy | trophy | hat | hat | medal | medal | sword | sword | handle | handle | glitter | glitter | portraits | portraits | glass | glass | frame | frame | pen | pen | plate | plate | ornament | ornament | wallpaper | wallpaper | clock | clock | gathering | gathering | standing | standing | attentive | attentive | award | award | ceremony | ceremony | society | society | duties | duties

License

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R-34 (LOC) R-34 (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

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R-34 (LOC) R-34 (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

License

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R-34 (LOC) R-34 (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

License

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R-34 [blimp] (LOC) R-34 [blimp] (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | mineola | mineola | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

License

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Lt. Com. Z. Lansdowne (LOC) Lt. Com. Z. Lansdowne (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | zacharylansdowne | zacharylansdowne | lansdowne | lansdowne | unitedstatesnavy | unitedstatesnavy | usnavy | usnavy | usn | usn | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | aviator | aviator | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

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Pilot House R-34 -- just after landing (LOC) Pilot House R-34 -- just after landing (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

License

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Pilot House of R-34 (LOC) Pilot House of R-34 (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | r34 | r34 | july61919 | july61919 | mineola | mineola | hazelhurstfield | hazelhurstfield | aviation | aviation | mineolanewyork | mineolanewyork | mineolalongisland | mineolalongisland | mineolany | mineolany | mineolali | mineolali | gardencitynewyork | gardencitynewyork | gardencityny | gardencityny | gardencitylongisland | gardencitylongisland | gardencityli | gardencityli | longisland | longisland | gardencity | gardencity | rooseveltfield | rooseveltfield | hmar34 | hmar34 | airshipr34 | airshipr34 | royalairforce | royalairforce | raf | raf | royalnavy | royalnavy | rn | rn | royalnavalairservice | royalnavalairservice | rnas | rnas | r33classairship | r33classairship | aircraft | aircraft | lighterthanair | lighterthanair | airship | airship | dirigible | dirigible | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmorecompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | williambeardmoreandcompany | bearmorecompany | bearmorecompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmoreandcompany | beardmore | beardmore | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcarcompany | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeammotorcar | sunbeam | sunbeam | sunbeammaori | sunbeammaori | maoriengine | maoriengine | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammaorimkiv | sunbeammarkiv | sunbeammarkiv | maorimkiv | maorimkiv | maorimarkiv | maorimarkiv | r33class | r33class

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4.001J CityScope: New Orleans (MIT) 4.001J CityScope: New Orleans (MIT)

Description

Do you want to think about ways to help solve New Orleans' problems? CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city. "Problem solving in complex (urban) environments" is different than "solving complex problems." As a member of a team, you will learn to assess scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. A visit to New Orleans is planned for spring break 2007. Do you want to think about ways to help solve New Orleans' problems? CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city. "Problem solving in complex (urban) environments" is different than "solving complex problems." As a member of a team, you will learn to assess scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. A visit to New Orleans is planned for spring break 2007.

Subjects

new orleans | new orleans | hurricane katrina | hurricane katrina | flooding | flooding | rebuilding | rebuilding | problem-solving | problem-solving | future of the city | future of the city | city footprint | city footprint | natural disaster | natural disaster | housing | housing | urban reconstruction | urban reconstruction | bring new orleans back commission | bring new orleans back commission | disaster recovery | disaster recovery | flood protection | flood protection | parks and open spaces | parks and open spaces | lower ninth ward restoration | lower ninth ward restoration | city design | city design | sustainable city | sustainable city | sustainable new orleans | sustainable new orleans | public housing | public housing | urban ecology | urban ecology | urban infrastructure | urban infrastructure | port of new orleans | port of new orleans | louisiana | louisiana

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.033 Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy Approach (MIT) 1.033 Mechanics of Material Systems: An Energy Approach (MIT)

Description

1.033 provides an introduction to continuum mechanics and material modeling of engineering materials based on first energy principles: deformation and strain; momentum balance, stress and stress states; elasticity and elasticity bounds; plasticity and yield design. The overarching theme is a unified mechanistic language using thermodynamics, which allows understanding, modeling and design of a large range of engineering materials. This course is offered both to undergraduate (1.033) and graduate (1.57) students. 1.033 provides an introduction to continuum mechanics and material modeling of engineering materials based on first energy principles: deformation and strain; momentum balance, stress and stress states; elasticity and elasticity bounds; plasticity and yield design. The overarching theme is a unified mechanistic language using thermodynamics, which allows understanding, modeling and design of a large range of engineering materials. This course is offered both to undergraduate (1.033) and graduate (1.57) students.

Subjects

continuum mechanics | continuum mechanics | material modeling | material modeling | engineering materials | engineering materials | energy principles: deformation and strain | energy principles: deformation and strain | momentum balance | momentum balance | stress | stress | stress states | stress states | elasticity and elasticity bounds | elasticity and elasticity bounds | plasticity | plasticity | yield design | yield design | first energy principles | first energy principles | deformation | deformation | strain | strain | elasticity bounds | elasticity bounds | unified mechanistic language | unified mechanistic language | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | engineering structures | engineering structures | unified framework | unified framework | irreversible processes | irreversible processes | structural engineering | structural engineering | soil mechanics | soil mechanics | mechanical engineering | mechanical engineering | materials science | materials science | solids | solids | durability mechanics | durability mechanics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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14.01 Principles of Microeconomics (MIT) 14.01 Principles of Microeconomics (MIT)

Description

This introductory course teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. Topics include consumer theory, producer theory, the behavior of firms, market equilibrium, monopoly, and the role of the government in the economy. 14.01 is a Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences (HASS) elective and is offered both terms. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmental challenges. This introductory course teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. Topics include consumer theory, producer theory, the behavior of firms, market equilibrium, monopoly, and the role of the government in the economy. 14.01 is a Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences (HASS) elective and is offered both terms. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmental challenges.

Subjects

market | market | optimization | optimization | allocation | allocation | economic measurement | economic measurement | analysis | analysis | microeconomics | microeconomics | demand | demand | supply | supply | equilibrium | equilibrium | general equilibrium | general equilibrium | government interventions | government interventions | price elasticity of demand | price elasticity of demand | income elasticity of demand | income elasticity of demand | cross price elasticity of demand | cross price elasticity of demand | price elasticity of supply | price elasticity of supply | consumer behavior | consumer behavior | consumer preference | consumer preference | utility functions | utility functions | marginal rate of substitution | marginal rate of substitution | budget constraints | budget constraints | interior solutions | interior solutions | corner solutions | corner solutions | Engle curves | Engle curves | individual demand | individual demand | market demand | market demand | revealed preferences | revealed preferences | substitution effect | substitution effect | income effect | income effect | Giffen goods | Giffen goods | consumer surplus | consumer surplus | Irish potato famine | Irish potato famine | network externalities | network externalities | uncertainty | uncertainty | preference toward risk | preference toward risk | risk premium | risk premium | indifference curves | indifference curves | diversification | diversification | insurance | insurance | producer theory | producer theory | production functions | production functions | short run | short run | long run | long run | returns to scale | returns to scale | cost functions | cost functions | economies of scale | economies of scale | economies of scope | economies of scope | learning | learning | profit maximization | profit maximization | producer surplus | producer surplus | agricultural price support | agricultural price support | tax | tax | subsidy | subsidy | exchange economy | exchange economy | contract curves | contract curves | utility possibilities frontier | utility possibilities frontier | Edgeworth Box | Edgeworth Box | production possibilities frontier | production possibilities frontier | efficiency | efficiency | monopoly | monopoly | multiplant firm | multiplant firm | social cost | social cost | price regulation | price regulation | monopsony | monopsony | price discrimination | price discrimination | peak-load pricing | peak-load pricing | two-part tariffs | two-part tariffs | bundling | bundling | monopolistic competition | monopolistic competition | game theory | game theory | oligopoly | oligopoly | Cournot | Cournot | Stackelberg | Stackelberg | Bertrand | Bertrand | Prisoner's Dilemma | Prisoner's Dilemma

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Supporting a Society for the Protection of Animals flag day Supporting a Society for the Protection of Animals flag day

Description

Subjects

1920s | 1920s | dog | dog | men | men | glass | glass | hat | hat | wall | wall | shirt | shirt | standing | standing | pen | pen | 1932 | 1932 | portraits | portraits | table | table | necklace | necklace | interesting | interesting | women | women | shine | shine | lordmayor | lordmayor | dress | dress | darkness | darkness | timber | timber | interior | interior | room | room | board | board | hats | hats | tie | tie | flags | flags | suit | suit | event | event | northumberland | northumberland | fabric | fabric | papers | papers | frame | frame | button | button | gathering | gathering | archives | archives | service | service | unusual | unusual | sheriff | sheriff | 1912 | 1912 | society | society | crease | crease | attentive | attentive | inauguration | inauguration | flagday | flagday | distracted | distracted | newcastleupontyne | newcastleupontyne | fascinating | fascinating | 1877 | 1877 | digitalimage | digitalimage | blyth | blyth | robes | robes | citycouncil | citycouncil | alderman | alderman | councilchamber | councilchamber | 2016 | 2016 | animalwelfare | animalwelfare | socialhistory | socialhistory | animalprotection | animalprotection | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | proceedings | proceedings | 19241925 | 19241925 | northeastofengland | northeastofengland | 19361937 | 19361937 | cityofnewcastle | cityofnewcastle | 800thanniversary | 800thanniversary | cityofnewcastleupontyne | cityofnewcastleupontyne | servingthecity | servingthecity | newcastletownhall | newcastletownhall | protectionofanimals | protectionofanimals | johngrantham | johngrantham | societyfortheprotectionofanimals | societyfortheprotectionofanimals | newcastlesmayoraltyandburgesses | newcastlesmayoraltyandburgesses | 19june1925 | 19june1925 | northdurhamsociety | northdurhamsociety | cinemaproprietor | cinemaproprietor

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Mitchel Funeral (LOC) Mitchel Funeral (LOC)

Description

Subjects

libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | july111918 | july111918 | johnpurroymitchel | johnpurroymitchel | johnpmitchel | johnpmitchel | johnmitchel | johnmitchel | mitchel | mitchel | mayorjohnpurroymitchel | mayorjohnpurroymitchel | mayorjohnpmitchel | mayorjohnpmitchel | mayorjohnmitchel | mayorjohnmitchel | mayormitchel | mayormitchel | aviator | aviator | mitchelfuneral | mitchelfuneral | casket | casket | coffin | coffin | newyorkcitycityhall | newyorkcitycityhall | nyccityhall | nyccityhall | cityhall | cityhall | theodoreroosevelt | theodoreroosevelt | 1918 | 1918

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3.22 Mechanical Properties of Materials (MIT) 3.22 Mechanical Properties of Materials (MIT)

Description

Phenomenology of mechanical behavior of materials at the macroscopic level. Relationship of mechanical behavior to material structure and mechanisms of deformation and failure. Topics include: elasticity, viscoelasticity, plasticity, creep, fracture, and fatigue. Case studies and examples drawn from structural and functional applications that include a variety of material classes: metals, ceramics, polymers, thin films, composites, and cellular materials. Phenomenology of mechanical behavior of materials at the macroscopic level. Relationship of mechanical behavior to material structure and mechanisms of deformation and failure. Topics include: elasticity, viscoelasticity, plasticity, creep, fracture, and fatigue. Case studies and examples drawn from structural and functional applications that include a variety of material classes: metals, ceramics, polymers, thin films, composites, and cellular materials.

Subjects

Phenomenology | Phenomenology | mechanical behavior | mechanical behavior | material structure | material structure | deformation | deformation | failure | failure | elasticity | elasticity | viscoelasticity | viscoelasticity | plasticity | plasticity | creep | creep | fracture | fracture

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.016J The City (MIT) 11.016J The City (MIT)

Description

What is a city? What shapes it? How does its history influence future development? How do physical form and institutions vary from city to city and how are these differences significant? How are cities changing and what is their future? This course will explore these and other questions, with emphasis upon twentieth-century American cities. A major focus will be on the physical form of cities -- from downtown and inner-city to suburb and edge city -- and the processes that shape them.The class website can be found here: The City. What is a city? What shapes it? How does its history influence future development? How do physical form and institutions vary from city to city and how are these differences significant? How are cities changing and what is their future? This course will explore these and other questions, with emphasis upon twentieth-century American cities. A major focus will be on the physical form of cities -- from downtown and inner-city to suburb and edge city -- and the processes that shape them.The class website can be found here: The City.

Subjects

urban context | urban context | history | history | growth | growth | urban development | urban development | the city | the city | storytelling | storytelling | writing | writing | landscape | landscape | place | place | narrative | narrative | urban planning | urban planning | seeing | seeing | digital photography | digital photography | digital editing | digital editing | community | community | urban revitalization | urban revitalization | neighborhood | neighborhood | development | development | urban form | urban form | downtown | downtown | inner-city | inner-city | suburb | suburb | edge city | edge city | Boston | Boston | 11.016 | 11.016 | 4.211 | 4.211

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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3.22 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT) 3.22 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT)

Description

Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, fracture and fatigue of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. We will cover special topics in mechanical behavior for material systems of your choice, with reference to current research and publications. Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, fracture and fatigue of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. We will cover special topics in mechanical behavior for material systems of your choice, with reference to current research and publications.

Subjects

Phenomenology | Phenomenology | mechanical behavior | mechanical behavior | material structure | material structure | deformation | deformation | failure | failure | elasticity | elasticity | viscoelasticity | viscoelasticity | plasticity | plasticity | creep | creep | fracture | fracture | fatigue | fatigue | metals | metals | semiconductors | semiconductors | ceramics | ceramics | polymers | polymers | microstructure | microstructure | composition | composition | semiconductor diodes | semiconductor diodes | thin films | thin films | carbon nanotubes | carbon nanotubes | battery materials | battery materials | superelastic alloys | superelastic alloys | defect nucleation | defect nucleation | student projects | student projects | viral capsides | viral capsides

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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3.032 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT) 3.032 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT)

Description

Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, and fracture of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. Integrated laboratories provide the opportunity to explore these concepts through hands-on experiments including instrumentation of pressure vessels, visualization of atomistic deformation in bubble rafts, nanoindentation, and uniaxial mechanical testing, as well as writing assignments to communicate th Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, and fracture of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. Integrated laboratories provide the opportunity to explore these concepts through hands-on experiments including instrumentation of pressure vessels, visualization of atomistic deformation in bubble rafts, nanoindentation, and uniaxial mechanical testing, as well as writing assignments to communicate th

Subjects

Basic concepts of solid mechanics and mechanical behavior of materials | Basic concepts of solid mechanics and mechanical behavior of materials | stress-strain relationships | stress-strain relationships | stress transformation | stress transformation | elasticity | elasticity | plasticity and fracture. Case studies include materials selection for bicycle frames | plasticity and fracture. Case studies include materials selection for bicycle frames | stress shielding in biomedical implants; residual stresses in thin films; and ancient materials. Lab experiments and demonstrations give hands-on experience of the physical concepts at a variety of length scales. Use of facilities for measuring mechanical properties including standard mechanical tests | stress shielding in biomedical implants; residual stresses in thin films; and ancient materials. Lab experiments and demonstrations give hands-on experience of the physical concepts at a variety of length scales. Use of facilities for measuring mechanical properties including standard mechanical tests | bubble raft models | bubble raft models | atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation. | atomic force microscopy and nanoindentation. | plasticity and fracture | plasticity and fracture | Case studies | Case studies | materials selection | materials selection | bicycle frames | bicycle frames | stress shielding in biomedical implants | stress shielding in biomedical implants | residual stresses in thin films | residual stresses in thin films | ancient materials | ancient materials | standard mechanical tests | standard mechanical tests | solid mechanics | solid mechanics | mechanical behavior of materials | mechanical behavior of materials

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.346 Synaptic Plasticity and Memory, from Molecules to Behavior (MIT) 7.346 Synaptic Plasticity and Memory, from Molecules to Behavior (MIT)

Description

In this course we will discover how innovative technologies combined with profound hypotheses have given rise to our current understanding of neuroscience. We will study both new and classical primary research papers with a focus on the plasticity between synapses in a brain structure called the hippocampus, which is believed to underlie the ability to create and retrieve certain classes of memories. We will discuss the basic electrical properties of neurons and how they fire. We will see how firing properties can change with experience, and we will study the biochemical basis of these changes. We will learn how molecular biology can be used to specifically change the biochemical properties of brain circuits, and we will see how these circuits form a representation of space giving rise to In this course we will discover how innovative technologies combined with profound hypotheses have given rise to our current understanding of neuroscience. We will study both new and classical primary research papers with a focus on the plasticity between synapses in a brain structure called the hippocampus, which is believed to underlie the ability to create and retrieve certain classes of memories. We will discuss the basic electrical properties of neurons and how they fire. We will see how firing properties can change with experience, and we will study the biochemical basis of these changes. We will learn how molecular biology can be used to specifically change the biochemical properties of brain circuits, and we will see how these circuits form a representation of space giving rise to

Subjects

synapse | synapse | memory | memory | neuroscience | neuroscience | plasticity | plasticity | hippocampus | hippocampus | LTP | LTP | molecular mechanism | molecular mechanism | Morris water maze | Morris water maze | place cells | place cells | NMDA | NMDA | synaptic tagging | synaptic tagging | long term depression | long term depression | cortex | cortex | synaptic plasticity | synaptic plasticity | neuronal circuits | neuronal circuits | specificity | specificity | CA1 | CA1 | grid cells | grid cells | schema | schema | fear memory | fear memory | biochemistry | biochemistry

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.310J Media Technology and City Design and Development (MIT) 11.310J Media Technology and City Design and Development (MIT)

Description

This workshop explores the potential of media technology and the Internet to enhance communication and transform city design and community development in inner-city neighborhoods. The class introduces a variety of methods for describing or representing a place and its residents, for simulating actions and changes, for presenting visions of the future, and for engaging multiple actors in the process of envisioning change and guiding action. Students will engage two neighborhoods: the Mill Creek neighborhood of West Philadelphia, PA, and the Brightwood/Northend neighborhood of Springfield, MA. Students will meet real people working on real projects, put theory into practice, and reflect on insights gained in the process. Our hope is that student work will contribute to new initiatives i This workshop explores the potential of media technology and the Internet to enhance communication and transform city design and community development in inner-city neighborhoods. The class introduces a variety of methods for describing or representing a place and its residents, for simulating actions and changes, for presenting visions of the future, and for engaging multiple actors in the process of envisioning change and guiding action. Students will engage two neighborhoods: the Mill Creek neighborhood of West Philadelphia, PA, and the Brightwood/Northend neighborhood of Springfield, MA. Students will meet real people working on real projects, put theory into practice, and reflect on insights gained in the process. Our hope is that student work will contribute to new initiatives i

Subjects

workshop | workshop | community development in inner-city neighborhoods | community development in inner-city neighborhoods | internet | internet | digital | digital | teaching tool | teaching tool | media | media | urban | urban | design | design | West Philadelphia | West Philadelphia | Mill Creek | Mill Creek | urban environmental design | urban environmental design | information technology | information technology | public education | public education | city design | city design | community development | community development | inner-city neighborhoods | inner-city neighborhoods | design and planning | design and planning | grassroots efforts | grassroots efforts | neighborhood-based design | neighborhood-based design | environmental and community history | environmental and community history | planning | planning | community and watershed | community and watershed | WPLP | WPLP | school and community | school and community | interactive design | interactive design | 11.310 | 11.310 | 4.243 | 4.243

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.570 Structure and Dynamics of the CMB Region (MIT) 12.570 Structure and Dynamics of the CMB Region (MIT)

Description

The Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) represents one of the most important physical and chemical discontinuities of the deep Earth as it separates the solid state, convective lower mantle from the liquid outer core. In this seminar course, the instructors will examine our current understanding of the CMB region from integrated seismological, mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives. Instructors will also introduce state-of-the-art methodologies that are employed to characterize the CMB region and relevant papers will be discussed in class. Topics will include CMB detection and topography, D'' anisotropy, seismic velocity anomalies (e.g., ultra-low velocity zones), temperature, chemical reactions, phase relations, and mineral fabrications at the core-mantle boundary. These results will be i The Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) represents one of the most important physical and chemical discontinuities of the deep Earth as it separates the solid state, convective lower mantle from the liquid outer core. In this seminar course, the instructors will examine our current understanding of the CMB region from integrated seismological, mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives. Instructors will also introduce state-of-the-art methodologies that are employed to characterize the CMB region and relevant papers will be discussed in class. Topics will include CMB detection and topography, D'' anisotropy, seismic velocity anomalies (e.g., ultra-low velocity zones), temperature, chemical reactions, phase relations, and mineral fabrications at the core-mantle boundary. These results will be i

Subjects

Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) | Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) | deep Earth | deep Earth | lower mantle | lower mantle | outer core | outer core | integrated seismological | integrated seismological | mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives | mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives | CMB detection and topography | CMB detection and topography | D'' anisotropy | D'' anisotropy | seismic velocity anomalies (e.g. | seismic velocity anomalies (e.g. | ultra-low velocity zones) | ultra-low velocity zones) | temperature | temperature | chemical reactions | chemical reactions | phase relations | phase relations | mineral fabrications | mineral fabrications | cmb detection | cmb detection | topography | topography | mineral physics | mineral physics | geodynamical perspectives | geodynamical perspectives | D" Region | D" Region | ultra-low velocity zones | ultra-low velocity zones | partial melting | partial melting | mineral texture | mineral texture | core rigidity zones | core rigidity zones | sedimentation | sedimentation | mantle flow | mantle flow | core mantle coupling | core mantle coupling | geomagnetic field | geomagnetic field

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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ESD.934 Engineering, Economics and Regulation of the Electric Power Sector (MIT) ESD.934 Engineering, Economics and Regulation of the Electric Power Sector (MIT)

Description

The course presents an in-depth interdisciplinary perspective of electric power systems, with regulation providing the link among the engineering, economic, legal and environmental viewpoints. Generation dispatch, demand response, optimal network flows, risk allocation, reliability of service, renewable energy sources, ancillary services, tariff design, distributed generation, rural electrification, environmental impacts and strategic sustainability issues will be among the topics addressed under both traditional and competitive regulatory frameworks. The course presents an in-depth interdisciplinary perspective of electric power systems, with regulation providing the link among the engineering, economic, legal and environmental viewpoints. Generation dispatch, demand response, optimal network flows, risk allocation, reliability of service, renewable energy sources, ancillary services, tariff design, distributed generation, rural electrification, environmental impacts and strategic sustainability issues will be among the topics addressed under both traditional and competitive regulatory frameworks.

Subjects

electricity generation | electricity generation | power system operation | power system operation | electric power transmission regulation | electric power transmission regulation | electricity tariffs | electricity tariffs | renewable energy sources | renewable energy sources | universal access to electricity | universal access to electricity | energy retail markets | energy retail markets | CO2 markets | CO2 markets

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.343 Biological Bases of Learning and Memory (MIT) 7.343 Biological Bases of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

How does the brain come to learn whether a stimulus is annoying, rewarding or neutral? How does remembering how to ride a bicycle differ from remembering scenes from a movie? In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interact How does the brain come to learn whether a stimulus is annoying, rewarding or neutral? How does remembering how to ride a bicycle differ from remembering scenes from a movie? In this course, students will explore the concept that learning and memory have a physical basis that can be observed as biochemical, physiological and/or morphological changes to neural tissue. Our goal will be to understand the strategies and techniques biologists use to search for the memory trace: the "holy grail" of modern neuroscience. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interact

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural tissue | neural tissue | neuronal connections | neuronal connections | synapse formation | synapse formation | synapse stabilization | synapse stabilization | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | synaptic plasticity | synaptic plasticity | neuromodulation | neuromodulation | experience-dependent circuit remodeling | experience-dependent circuit remodeling | neuroscience | neuroscience | pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms | pre- and post-synaptic mechanisms | neurotransmitter release | neurotransmitter release | activity-regulated genes | activity-regulated genes | hippocampus | hippocampus | long-term potentiation | long-term potentiation | long-term depression | long-term depression | cerebellar plasticity | cerebellar plasticity | Non-Associative | Non-Associative | Associative | Associative | cpg15 | cpg15 | experience-dependent synaptic plasticity | experience-dependent synaptic plasticity | perceptual learning | perceptual learning | observational learning | observational learning

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Richard Tattersall (LOC) Richard Tattersall (LOC)

Description

Subjects

city | city | musician | musician | newyork | newyork | libraryofcongress | libraryofcongress | citycollege | citycollege | spats | spats | collegeofthecityofnewyork | collegeofthecityofnewyork

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