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4.605 Introduction to the History and Theory of Architecture (MIT) 4.605 Introduction to the History and Theory of Architecture (MIT)

Description

This course is a global-oriented survey of the history of architecture, from the prehistoric to the sixteenth century. It treats buildings and environments, including cities, in the context of the cultural and civilizational history. It offers an introduction to design principles and analysis. Being global, it aims to give the student perspective on the larger pushes and pulls that influence architecture and its meanings, whether these be economic, political, religious or climatic. This course is a global-oriented survey of the history of architecture, from the prehistoric to the sixteenth century. It treats buildings and environments, including cities, in the context of the cultural and civilizational history. It offers an introduction to design principles and analysis. Being global, it aims to give the student perspective on the larger pushes and pulls that influence architecture and its meanings, whether these be economic, political, religious or climatic.

Subjects

vernacular architecture | vernacular architecture | ancient civilizations | ancient civilizations | urbanism | urbanism | cities | cities | buildings | buildings | design principles | design principles | architecture analysis | architecture analysis | classical civilizations | classical civilizations | Greece | Greece | Rome | Rome | Asia | Asia | Islam | Islam | cathedrals | cathedrals

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21L.001 Foundations of Western Culture I: Homer to Dante (MIT) 21L.001 Foundations of Western Culture I: Homer to Dante (MIT)

Description

This subject introduces the student to some of the literary, philosophical and religious texts which became major sources of assumption about the nature of the universe and mankind's place within it and which continue to underlie the characteristically Western sense of things to this day. In particular, the subject will study closely texts from two broad ranges of texts, those of ancient Greece and some major texts of the Judeo-Christian tradition, which rivals the tradition of the ancient world and in many ways contests with it.In our discussions we will also examine the claims made in behalf of our texts that they are classics and we will explore some of the historical, literary, intellectual, and ethical significance that the question "what is a classic?" has had at different This subject introduces the student to some of the literary, philosophical and religious texts which became major sources of assumption about the nature of the universe and mankind's place within it and which continue to underlie the characteristically Western sense of things to this day. In particular, the subject will study closely texts from two broad ranges of texts, those of ancient Greece and some major texts of the Judeo-Christian tradition, which rivals the tradition of the ancient world and in many ways contests with it.In our discussions we will also examine the claims made in behalf of our texts that they are classics and we will explore some of the historical, literary, intellectual, and ethical significance that the question "what is a classic?" has had at different

Subjects

western | western | culture | culture | literature | literature | judeo-christian | judeo-christian | philosophy | philosophy | religion | religion | greece | greece | classic | classic | history | history | civilization | civilization | Homer | Homer | Aeschylus | Aeschylus | Sophocles | Sophocles | Euripides | Euripides | Thucydides | Thucydides | Plato | Plato | Aristotle | Aristotle | Saint Augustine | Saint Augustine | Dante | Dante | bible | bible | classics | classics | western civilization | western civilization | Rome | Rome

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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3.986 The Human Past: Introduction to Archaeology (MIT) 3.986 The Human Past: Introduction to Archaeology (MIT)

Description

This class introduces the multidisciplinary nature of archaeology, both in theory and practice. Lectures provide a comparative examination of the origins of agriculture and the rise of early civilizations in the ancient Near East and Mesoamerica. The laboratory sessions provide practical experience in aspects of archaeological field methods and analytical techniques including the examination of stone, ceramic, and metal artifacts and bone materials. Lab sessions have occasional problem sets which are completed outside of class. This class introduces the multidisciplinary nature of archaeology, both in theory and practice. Lectures provide a comparative examination of the origins of agriculture and the rise of early civilizations in the ancient Near East and Mesoamerica. The laboratory sessions provide practical experience in aspects of archaeological field methods and analytical techniques including the examination of stone, ceramic, and metal artifacts and bone materials. Lab sessions have occasional problem sets which are completed outside of class.

Subjects

Human | Human | hunter/gatherer | hunter/gatherer | society | society | history | history | agriculture | agriculture | prehistoric | prehistoric | prehistory | prehistory | Mesoamerica | Mesoamerica | civilization | civilization | ancient civilization | ancient civilization | technology | technology | urbanization | urbanization | Neolithic | Neolithic | Sumer | Sumer | Natufian | Natufian | Uruk | Uruk | Maya | Maya | Olmec | Olmec | Tehuancan | Tehuancan | decline | decline | collapse | collapse | stone age | stone age | city-state | city-state | Universal Transverse Mercator grid | Universal Transverse Mercator grid | UTM | UTM

License

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24.235J Philosophy of Law (MIT) 24.235J Philosophy of Law (MIT)

Description

This course examines fundamental issues in the philosophy of law, including the nature and content of law, its relation to morality, theories of legal interpretation, and the obligation to obey the law, as well as philosophical issues and problems associated with punishment and responsibility, liberty, and legal ethics. This course examines fundamental issues in the philosophy of law, including the nature and content of law, its relation to morality, theories of legal interpretation, and the obligation to obey the law, as well as philosophical issues and problems associated with punishment and responsibility, liberty, and legal ethics.

Subjects

paternalism | paternalism | law | law | philosophy | philosophy | moral content | moral content | punishment | punishment | rights | rights | jurisprudence | jurisprudence | common law | common law | civil law | civil law | civil disobedience | civil disobedience | political obligation | political obligation | judges | judges | decision theory | decision theory | Hart | Hart | Dworkin | Dworkin | Scalia | Scalia | Raz | Raz | Thomson | Thomson | Bentham | Bentham | Mill | Mill | Langton | Langton

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.181 Libertarianism in History (MIT) 21H.181 Libertarianism in History (MIT)

Description

This course explores the history of the ideal of personal freedom with an eye towards contemporary debates over the pros and cons of the regulatory state. The first part of the course surveys the sociological and theological sources of the concepts of freedom and civil society, and introduces liberty's leading relatives or competitors: property, equality, community, and republicanism. The second part consists of a series of case studies in the rise of modern liberty and libertarianism: the abolition of slavery, the struggle for religious freedom, and the twentieth-century American civil liberties movement. In the last part of the course, we take up debates over the role of libertarianism vs. the regulatory state in a variety of contexts: counter-terrorism, health care, the financial This course explores the history of the ideal of personal freedom with an eye towards contemporary debates over the pros and cons of the regulatory state. The first part of the course surveys the sociological and theological sources of the concepts of freedom and civil society, and introduces liberty's leading relatives or competitors: property, equality, community, and republicanism. The second part consists of a series of case studies in the rise of modern liberty and libertarianism: the abolition of slavery, the struggle for religious freedom, and the twentieth-century American civil liberties movement. In the last part of the course, we take up debates over the role of libertarianism vs. the regulatory state in a variety of contexts: counter-terrorism, health care, the financial

Subjects

libertarianism | libertarianism | history | history | politics | politics | state | state | regulatory state | regulatory state | freedom | freedom | property | property | equality | equality | community | community | republicanism | republicanism | liberty | liberty | slavery | slavery | religious freedom | religious freedom | civil liberties | civil liberties | counter-terrorism | counter-terrorism | health care | health care | financial market | financial market | the internet | the internet | Rawls | Rawls | Nozick | Nozick | Obamacare | Obamacare | Rand Paul | Rand Paul | John Stuart Mill | John Stuart Mill | de Toqueville | de Toqueville | economic good | economic good | Martin Luther King | Martin Luther King | capitalism | capitalism | John Locke | John Locke | distributive justice | distributive justice | communitarianism | communitarianism | civil republicanism | civil republicanism | chattel | chattel | Freedom Principle | Freedom Principle | antislavery | antislavery | First Amendment | First Amendment | free exercise | free exercise | religious accomodation | religious accomodation | phone surveillance | phone surveillance | private regulation | private regulation | Aaron Swartz | Aaron Swartz | Guerilla Open Access Manifesto | Guerilla Open Access Manifesto

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.215 Modern Navigation (MIT) 12.215 Modern Navigation (MIT)

Description

The development of the Global Positioning System (GPS) started in the 1960s, and the system became operational in 1992. The system has seen many diverse applications develop in the last few years with the accuracy of positioning ranging from 100 meters (the civilian restricted accuracy requirement) to 1 millimeter (without the need for a security clearance!) In this course we will apply many of basic principles of science and mathematics learnt at MIT to explore the applications and principles of GPS. We also use GPS and other equipment in the class (and outside on Campus) to demonstrate the uses of this system.Technical RequirementsAny number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .f files found on this course site. Please refer to the The development of the Global Positioning System (GPS) started in the 1960s, and the system became operational in 1992. The system has seen many diverse applications develop in the last few years with the accuracy of positioning ranging from 100 meters (the civilian restricted accuracy requirement) to 1 millimeter (without the need for a security clearance!) In this course we will apply many of basic principles of science and mathematics learnt at MIT to explore the applications and principles of GPS. We also use GPS and other equipment in the class (and outside on Campus) to demonstrate the uses of this system.Technical RequirementsAny number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .f files found on this course site. Please refer to the

Subjects

Global Positioning | Global Positioning | Global Positioning System | Global Positioning System | GPScivilian restricted accuracy requirment | GPScivilian restricted accuracy requirment | basic principles | basic principles | science | science | mathematics | mathematics | GPS | GPS | navigation | navigation | accuracy | accuracy | civilian | civilian | application | application | coordinate systems | coordinate systems | lattitude | lattitude | longitude | longitude | deformable | deformable | Earth | Earth | estimation | estimation | aircraft | aircraft | stochastic | stochastic | mathematical | mathematical | models | models | statistics | statistics | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | pseudorange | pseudorange | phase measurements | phase measurements | celestial | celestial | sattelite | sattelite | astronomical observations | astronomical observations | radio | radio | ship | ship | automobile | automobile

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Government and press relations in South Africa Government and press relations in South Africa

Description

Seminar delivered by Professor Anton Harber, Caxton Professor of Journalism and Media Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and visiting fellow, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford. Sunday Dare writes: According to a keen observer of the modus operandi of the ANC-led government in South Africa, the "African National Congress (ANC) talks left and walks right". Perhaps no statement better captures the way the government continues to behave when it comes to its relationship with the media. Since the end of apartheid the media have often come under government scrutiny and have had to face up to government criticism that it is hostile and overly critical and insufficiently transformed from the way it was under apartheid. Under the current poli Seminar delivered by Professor Anton Harber, Caxton Professor of Journalism and Media Studies, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg and visiting fellow, Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism, University of Oxford. Sunday Dare writes: According to a keen observer of the modus operandi of the ANC-led government in South Africa, the "African National Congress (ANC) talks left and walks right". Perhaps no statement better captures the way the government continues to behave when it comes to its relationship with the media. Since the end of apartheid the media have often come under government scrutiny and have had to face up to government criticism that it is hostile and overly critical and insufficiently transformed from the way it was under apartheid. Under the current poli

Subjects

journalism | journalism | emerging | emerging | estate | estate | relationship | relationship | government | government | civil | civil | media | media | professor | professor | freedom | freedom | Africa | Africa | harber | harber | apartheid | apartheid | issues | issues | african | african | press | press | south | south | journalism | emerging | estate | relationship | government | civil | media | professor | freedom | Africa | harber | apartheid | issues | african | press | south | 2010-10-27 | journalism | emerging | estate | relationship | government | civil | media | professor | freedom | Africa | harber | apartheid | issues | african | press | south | 2010-10-27

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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17.245 The Supreme Court, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights (MIT) 17.245 The Supreme Court, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to the work of the Supreme Court and to the main outlines of American constitutional law, with an emphasis on the development of American ideas about civil rights. The goal of the course is to provide students with a framework for understanding the major constitutional controversies of the present day through a reading of landmark Supreme Court cases and the public debates they have generated. The principal topics are civil liberties in wartime, race relations, privacy rights, and the law of criminal procedure. This course introduces students to the work of the Supreme Court and to the main outlines of American constitutional law, with an emphasis on the development of American ideas about civil rights. The goal of the course is to provide students with a framework for understanding the major constitutional controversies of the present day through a reading of landmark Supreme Court cases and the public debates they have generated. The principal topics are civil liberties in wartime, race relations, privacy rights, and the law of criminal procedure.

Subjects

supreme court | supreme court | constitutional law | constitutional law | racial profiling | racial profiling | wartime | wartime | affirmative action | affirmative action | constitutionality | constitutionality | civil rights | civil rights | civil liberties | civil liberties | roe | roe | wade | wade | economic liberties | economic liberties | desegregation | desegregation | gender discrimination | gender discrimination | gay marriage | gay marriage | sexual orientation | sexual orientation | fundamental rights | fundamental rights

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.245 The Supreme Court, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights (MIT) 17.245 The Supreme Court, Civil Liberties, and Civil Rights (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to the work of the Supreme Court and to the main outlines of American constitutional law, with an emphasis on the development of American ideas about civil rights. The goal of the course is to provide students with a framework for understanding the major constitutional controversies of the present day through a reading of landmark Supreme Court cases and the public debates they have generated. The principal topics are civil liberties in wartime, race relations, privacy rights, and the law of criminal procedure. This course introduces students to the work of the Supreme Court and to the main outlines of American constitutional law, with an emphasis on the development of American ideas about civil rights. The goal of the course is to provide students with a framework for understanding the major constitutional controversies of the present day through a reading of landmark Supreme Court cases and the public debates they have generated. The principal topics are civil liberties in wartime, race relations, privacy rights, and the law of criminal procedure.

Subjects

Supreme Court | Supreme Court | Congress | Congress | constitutional law | constitutional law | racial profiling | racial profiling | wartime | wartime | affirmative action | affirmative action | constitutionality | constitutionality | civil rights | civil rights | civil liberties | civil liberties | roe | roe | wade | wade | economic liberties | economic liberties | desegregation | desegregation | gender discrimination | gender discrimination | gay marriage | gay marriage | sexual orientation | sexual orientation | fundamental rights | fundamental rights | federalism | federalism | separation of powers | separation of powers | supreme court cases | supreme court cases | marbury | marbury | madison | madison | mccullough | mccullough | maryland | maryland | bush | bush | gore | gore | dred scott | dred scott | sanford | sanford | brown | brown | board of education | board of education | equal protection of the laws | equal protection of the laws | immigration | immigration | welfare | welfare | Eighth Amendment | Eighth Amendment | First Amendment | First Amendment | poverty | poverty | criminal procedure | criminal procedure | World War II | World War II | Korean War | Korean War | post 9/11 america | post 9/11 america | judicial review | judicial review | religion | religion | citizenship | citizenship

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.782 Environmental Engineering Masters of Engineering Project (MIT) 1.782 Environmental Engineering Masters of Engineering Project (MIT)

Description

This class is one of the core requirements for the Environmental Masters of Engineering program. It is designed to teach about environmental engineering through the use of case studies, computer software tools, and seminars from industrial experts. Case studies provide the basis for group projects as well as individual theses. Past case studies have included the MMR Superfund site on Cape Cod; restoration of the Florida Everglades; dredging of Boston Harbor; local watershed trading programs; appropriate wastewater treatment technology for Brazil; point-of-use water treatment for Nepal, Brownfields Development in Providence, RI, and water resource planning for the island of Cyprus. This class spans the entire academic year: students must register for the Fall term, IAP, and the Spring term. This class is one of the core requirements for the Environmental Masters of Engineering program. It is designed to teach about environmental engineering through the use of case studies, computer software tools, and seminars from industrial experts. Case studies provide the basis for group projects as well as individual theses. Past case studies have included the MMR Superfund site on Cape Cod; restoration of the Florida Everglades; dredging of Boston Harbor; local watershed trading programs; appropriate wastewater treatment technology for Brazil; point-of-use water treatment for Nepal, Brownfields Development in Providence, RI, and water resource planning for the island of Cyprus. This class spans the entire academic year: students must register for the Fall term, IAP, and the Spring term.

Subjects

civil engineering; environmental engineering; professional practice; methodology; thesis; proposal; yonder; geotechnical data; water treatment; aquifer; groundwater; hydrology; Chattahoochee; Tennessee; US Virgin Islands; pollution; contaminants; drinking water | civil engineering; environmental engineering; professional practice; methodology; thesis; proposal; yonder; geotechnical data; water treatment; aquifer; groundwater; hydrology; Chattahoochee; Tennessee; US Virgin Islands; pollution; contaminants; drinking water | civil engineering | civil engineering | environmental engineering | environmental engineering | professional practice | professional practice | methodology | methodology | thesis | thesis | proposal | proposal | yonder | yonder | geotechnical data | geotechnical data | water treatment | water treatment | aquifer | aquifer | groundwater | groundwater | hydrology | hydrology | Chattahoochee | Chattahoochee | Tennessee | Tennessee | US Virgin Islands | US Virgin Islands | pollution | pollution | contaminants | contaminants | drinking water | drinking water

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.012 Introduction to Civil Engineering Design (MIT) 1.012 Introduction to Civil Engineering Design (MIT)

Description

1.012 introduces students to the theory, tools, and techniques of engineering design and creative problem-solving, as well as design issues and practices in civil engineering. The course includes several design cases, with an emphasis on built facilities (e.g., buildings, bridges and roads). Project design explicitly concerns technical approaches as well as consideration of the existing built environment, natural environment, economic and social factors, and expected life span. A large design case is introduced, which is used in the subsequent specialty area design subjects (1.031, 1.041, 1.051) and the capstone design subject (1.013). 1.012 introduces students to the theory, tools, and techniques of engineering design and creative problem-solving, as well as design issues and practices in civil engineering. The course includes several design cases, with an emphasis on built facilities (e.g., buildings, bridges and roads). Project design explicitly concerns technical approaches as well as consideration of the existing built environment, natural environment, economic and social factors, and expected life span. A large design case is introduced, which is used in the subsequent specialty area design subjects (1.031, 1.041, 1.051) and the capstone design subject (1.013).

Subjects

design theory | design theory | design tools | design tools | design techniques | design techniques | problem-solving | problem-solving | design issues | design issues | practice in civil engineering | practice in civil engineering | built facilities | built facilities | buildings | buildings | bridges | bridges | roads | roads | built environment | built environment | natural environment | natural environment | economic factors | economic factors | social factors | social factors | expected life span | expected life span | civil engineering practice | civil engineering practice | design principles | design principles | design project | design project | CAD | CAD | computer aided design | computer aided design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.460 Defense Politics (MIT) 17.460 Defense Politics (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the institutional relationships that affect the raising, maintenance and use of military forces in the United States. It is about civil/military, government/industry, military/science and military service/military service relations. The course examines how politicians, defense contractors, and military officers determine the military might of the United States. It analyzes the military strategies of the nation and the bureaucratic strategies of the armed services, contractors, and defense scientists. It offers a combination of military sociology, organizational politics, and the political economy of defense. This course focuses on the institutional relationships that affect the raising, maintenance and use of military forces in the United States. It is about civil/military, government/industry, military/science and military service/military service relations. The course examines how politicians, defense contractors, and military officers determine the military might of the United States. It analyzes the military strategies of the nation and the bureaucratic strategies of the armed services, contractors, and defense scientists. It offers a combination of military sociology, organizational politics, and the political economy of defense.

Subjects

United States; defense; policy; institutional relationships; military; forces; civil; government; industry; science; military relations; politicians; defense contractors; officers; strategies; bureaucracy; armed services; contractors; defense scientists; sociology; organization; politics; political economy; congress; president; terror; war; homeland;intraservice; interservice; cargo; security | United States; defense; policy; institutional relationships; military; forces; civil; government; industry; science; military relations; politicians; defense contractors; officers; strategies; bureaucracy; armed services; contractors; defense scientists; sociology; organization; politics; political economy; congress; president; terror; war; homeland;intraservice; interservice; cargo; security | United States | United States | defense | defense | policy | policy | institutional relationships | institutional relationships | military | military | forces | forces | civil | civil | government | government | industry | industry | science | science | military relations | military relations | politicians | politicians | defense contractors | defense contractors | officers | officers | strategies | strategies | bureaucracy | bureaucracy | armed services | armed services | contractors | contractors | defense scientists | defense scientists | sociology | sociology | organization | organization | politics | politics | political economy | political economy | congress | congress | president | president | terror | terror | war | war | homeland | homeland | intraservice | intraservice | interservice | interservice | cargo | cargo | security | security

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.466 Organization Theory and the Military (MIT) 17.466 Organization Theory and the Military (MIT)

Description

This course explores organizational concepts and research methods that explain the performance and development of military organizations in peace and war. Classic studies are reviewed. Approaches to current policy problems based on theoretical insights into military organizations and practices are also considered. The class stresses development of new theory. This course explores organizational concepts and research methods that explain the performance and development of military organizations in peace and war. Classic studies are reviewed. Approaches to current policy problems based on theoretical insights into military organizations and practices are also considered. The class stresses development of new theory.

Subjects

organization concepts | organization concepts | research methods | research methods | performance and development of military organizations | performance and development of military organizations | peace and war | peace and war | modern military | modern military | recruitment | recruitment | solicialization | solicialization | rention of personnel | rention of personnel | unit cohesion | unit cohesion | stress on performance' innovation and experiments | stress on performance' innovation and experiments | civil military relations | civil military relations | civilianization of the military | civilianization of the military

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Ilustração 1 de Novembro. Lisboa, Portugal Ilustração 1 de Novembro. Lisboa, Portugal

Description

Subjects

fundaçãocaloustegulbenkian | fundaçãocaloustegulbenkian | gulbenkian | gulbenkian | bibliotecadearte | bibliotecadearte | biblioteca | biblioteca | arte | arte | márionovais | márionovais | mário | mário | novais | novais | ilustração | ilustração | 1928 | 1928 | torredeespada | torredeespada | governadorcivildelisboa | governadorcivildelisboa | governador | governador | civil | civil | lisboa | lisboa | major | major | aviador | aviador | joãoluísdemoura | joãoluísdemoura | joão | joão | luís | luís | moura | moura | presidentedarepública | presidentedarepública | presidente | presidente | república | república | antónioóscardefragosocarmona | antónioóscardefragosocarmona | antónio | antónio | óscar | óscar | fragoso | fragoso | carmona | carmona | portugal | portugal

License

No known copyright restrictions

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17.584 Civil-Military Relations (MIT) 17.584 Civil-Military Relations (MIT)

Description

This course centers on mechanisms of civilian control of the military. Relying on the influential texts of Lasswell, Huntington, and Finer, the first classes clarify the basic tensions between the military and civilians. A wide-ranging series of case studies follows. These cases are chosen to create a field of variation that includes states with stable civilian rule, states with stable military influence, and states exhibiting fluctuations between military and civilian control. The final three weeks of the course are devoted to the broader relationship between military and society. This course centers on mechanisms of civilian control of the military. Relying on the influential texts of Lasswell, Huntington, and Finer, the first classes clarify the basic tensions between the military and civilians. A wide-ranging series of case studies follows. These cases are chosen to create a field of variation that includes states with stable civilian rule, states with stable military influence, and states exhibiting fluctuations between military and civilian control. The final three weeks of the course are devoted to the broader relationship between military and society.

Subjects

Civil | Civil | Military | Military | relations | relations | mechanisms | mechanisms | civilian control | civilian control | Lasswell | Lasswell | Huntington | Huntington | Finer | Finer | case studies | case studies | states | states | civilian rule | civilian rule | society | society | United States | United States | Soviet Union | Soviet Union | Great Purge | Great Purge | Latin America | Latin America | Turkey | Turkey | Pakistan | Pakistan | Japan | Japan | Africa | Africa | Multiethnic States | Multiethnic States

License

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Bridge construction and road fill by CCC workers - O'Leno State Park Bridge construction and road fill by CCC workers - O'Leno State Park

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florida | florida | bridges | bridges | ccc | ccc | automobiles | automobiles | fills | fills | earthworks | earthworks | civilianconservationcorps | civilianconservationcorps | olenostatepark | olenostatepark | civilianconservationcorpsus | civilianconservationcorpsus

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Reverend C. K. Steele with cross burned at his Church - Tallahassee Reverend C. K. Steele with cross burned at his Church - Tallahassee

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Subjects

florida | florida | tallahassee | tallahassee | civilrightsleaders | civilrightsleaders | reverendcksteele | reverendcksteele | churches | churches | civilrights | civilrights | crosses | crosses | discrimination | discrimination | bethelmissionarybaptistchurch | bethelmissionarybaptistchurch | racism | racism

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Peter Taylor, coppersmith, arrested for stealing from his employers Peter Taylor, coppersmith, arrested for stealing from his employers

Description

Subjects

man | man | face | face | hat | hat | scarf | scarf | foundry | foundry | mouth | mouth | interesting | interesting | serious | serious | head | head | grain | grain | property | property | gateshead | gateshead | moustache | moustache | criminal | criminal | crime | crime | button | button | mugshot | mugshot | motive | motive | stolen | stolen | unusual | unusual | ww1 | ww1 | theft | theft | selling | selling | policestation | policestation | wrinkle | wrinkle | firstworldwar | firstworldwar | defence | defence | attentive | attentive | steal | steal | stealing | stealing | prisoner | prisoner | civilian | civilian | fascinating | fascinating | digitalimage | digitalimage | sunderland | sunderland | monkwearmouth | monkwearmouth | charged | charged | coppersmith | coppersmith | prosecution | prosecution | foreman | foreman | northshields | northshields | transcription | transcription | convicted | convicted | socialhistory | socialhistory | newsreport | newsreport | blackframe | blackframe | courtcase | courtcase | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | summoned | summoned | petertaylor | petertaylor | 99churchstreet | 99churchstreet | neutralbackground | neutralbackground | prisonterm | prisonterm | lawsonstreet | lawsonstreet | carolineallen | carolineallen | £11 | £11 | 13may1915 | 13may1915 | 190216 | 190216 | johnhearn | johnhearn | northshieldspolicecourt | northshieldspolicecourt | theshieldsdailynews | theshieldsdailynews | northshieldslocalstudieslibrary | northshieldslocalstudieslibrary | criminalfacesofnorthshieldsfirstworldwar | criminalfacesofnorthshieldsfirstworldwar | microfilmcopies | microfilmcopies | 21may1915 | 21may1915 | 25brassbosses | 25brassbosses | 26whickhamstreet | 26whickhamstreet | copperpipeends | copperpipeends | detmason | detmason | mrlwolff | mrlwolff | mrpmdodds | mrpmdodds | jameshoggandsons | jameshoggandsons | receivingstolengoods | receivingstolengoods | gatesheadstore | gatesheadstore | 28brassflanges | 28brassflanges

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21H.104J Riots, Strikes, and Conspiracies in American History (MIT) 21H.104J Riots, Strikes, and Conspiracies in American History (MIT)

Description

This course uses readings and discussions to focus on a series of short-term events that shed light on American politics, culture, and social organization. It emphasizes finding ways to make sense of these complicated, highly traumatic events, and on using them to understand larger processes of change in American history. The class also gives students experience with primary documentation research through a term paper assignment. This course uses readings and discussions to focus on a series of short-term events that shed light on American politics, culture, and social organization. It emphasizes finding ways to make sense of these complicated, highly traumatic events, and on using them to understand larger processes of change in American history. The class also gives students experience with primary documentation research through a term paper assignment.

Subjects

21H.104 | 21H.104 | 11.015 | 11.015 | riot | riot | strike | strike | conspiracy | conspiracy | cities | cities | urbanism | urbanism | U.S. history | U.S. history | revolutionary war | revolutionary war | boston tea party | boston tea party | civil war | civil war | slavery | slavery | slave uprisings | slave uprisings | Anthony Burns | Anthony Burns | Henry David Thoreau | Henry David Thoreau | industrial revolution | industrial revolution | textile workers | textile workers | Lawrence | MA | Lawrence | MA | student uprising | student uprising | Vietnam War | Vietnam War | Columbia University | Columbia University | communism | communism | socialism | socialism

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Tyne Bridge in the very early stages of construction

Description

View of the Tyne Bridge in the very early stages of construction, looking from Newcastle upon Tyne over towards Gateshead, 22 March 1927 (TWAM ref. 3730/15/1). The Tyne Bridge is one of the North East?s most iconic landmarks. These photographs were taken by James Bacon & Sons of Newcastle and document its construction from March 1927 to October 1928. They belonged to James Geddie, who was Chief Assistant Engineer on the construction of the Bridge with Dorman, Long & Co. Ltd. of Middlesbrough. (Copyright) We're happy for you to share this digital image within the spirit of The Commons. Please cite 'Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums' when reusing. Certain restrictions on high quality reproductions and commercial use of the original physical version apply though; if you're unsure please email archives@twmuseums.org.uk.

Subjects

tynebridge | tyneside | northeastengland | bridges | newcastleupontyne | gateshead | stmaryschurchgateshead | civilengineering | blackandwhitephotograph | industry | industrialheritage | archives | buildingthetynebridge | unitedkingdom | bridge | land | city | urban | construction | structure | building | 22march1927 | landmark | iconic | jamesbaconsons | march1927october1928 | jamesgeddie | chiefassistantengineer | dormanlongcoltd | middlesbrough | impressive | spectacular | unusual | interesting | fascinating | clock | hand | sky | grain | mark | chimney | roof | wall | bolt | metal | rail | beam | cog | handle | rope | knot | pin | arc | letter | number | label | identification | blur | smoke | daylight | shadow | civilization | progress | view | glimpse | crossing | infrastructure | design | artanddesign | abstract | cylinder | brick | stone | support | platform

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4.42J Fundamentals of Energy in Buildings (MIT) 4.42J Fundamentals of Energy in Buildings (MIT)

Description

4.42J (or 2.66J or 1.044J), Fundamentals of Energy in Buildings, is an undergraduate class offered in the Department of Architecture, and jointly in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Mechanical Engineering. It provides a first course in thermo-sciences for students primarily interested in architecture and building technology. Throughout the course, the fundamentals important to energy, ventilation, air conditioning and comfort in buildings are introduced.  Two design projects play a major part in this class. They will require creative use of the principles and information given in the course to solve a particular problem, relating to energy consumption in buildings. The students will be asked to propose and assess innovativ 4.42J (or 2.66J or 1.044J), Fundamentals of Energy in Buildings, is an undergraduate class offered in the Department of Architecture, and jointly in the Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering and the Department of Mechanical Engineering. It provides a first course in thermo-sciences for students primarily interested in architecture and building technology. Throughout the course, the fundamentals important to energy, ventilation, air conditioning and comfort in buildings are introduced.  Two design projects play a major part in this class. They will require creative use of the principles and information given in the course to solve a particular problem, relating to energy consumption in buildings. The students will be asked to propose and assess innovativ

Subjects

energy in buildings | energy in buildings | thermo-sciences | thermo-sciences | energy | energy | ventilation | ventilation | air conditioning and comfort in buildings | air conditioning and comfort in buildings | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | electricity | electricity | architecture | architecture | building technology | building technology | civil engineering | civil engineering | buildings | buildings | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | air-water vapor mixtures | air-water vapor mixtures | thermal comfort | thermal comfort | heat pumps | heat pumps | refrigeration cycles | refrigeration cycles | thermodynamic performance | thermodynamic performance | heat transfer | heat transfer | creative design projects | creative design projects | air conditioning | air conditioning | energy consumption | energy consumption | building designs | building designs | building technologies | building technologies | operating schemes | operating schemes | properties of gases | properties of gases | properties of liquids | properties of liquids | power producing systems | power producing systems | energy losses | energy losses | building envelope | building envelope | 4.42 | 4.42 | 1.044 | 1.044 | 2.66 | 2.66

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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[Signs carried by many marchers, during the March on Washington, 1963] (LOC)

Description

Subjects

march | protest | demonstration | libraryofcongress | civilrights | xmlns:dc=httppurlorgdcelements11 | africanamericancivilrights | dc:identifier=httphdllocgovlocpnpppmsca37245

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16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT) 16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT)

Description

16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is 16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is

Subjects

Computational Mechanics | Computational Mechanics | Computation | Computation | Mechanics | Mechanics | Materials | Materials | Numerical Methods | Numerical Methods | Numerical | Numerical | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Continuum | Continuum | Deformation | Deformation | Elasticity | Elasticity | Inelasticity | Inelasticity | Dynamics | Dynamics | Variational Formulation | Variational Formulation | Variational Constitutive Updates | Variational Constitutive Updates | Finite Element | Finite Element | Discretization | Discretization | Error Estimation | Error Estimation | Constrained Problems | Constrained Problems | Time Integration | Time Integration | Convergence Analysis | Convergence Analysis | Programming | Programming | Continuum Response | Continuum Response | Computational | Computational | state-of-the-art | state-of-the-art | methods | methods | modeling | modeling | simulation | simulation | mechanical | mechanical | response | response | engineering | engineering | aerospace | aerospace | civil | civil | material | material | science | science | biomechanics | biomechanics | behavior | behavior | finite | finite | deformation | deformation | elasticity | elasticity | inelasticity | inelasticity | contact | contact | friction | friction | coupled | coupled | numerical | numerical | formulation | formulation | algorithms | algorithms | Variational | Variational | constitutive | constitutive | updates | updates | element | element | discretization | discretization | mesh | mesh | generation | generation | error | error | estimation | estimation | constrained | constrained | problems | problems | time | time | convergence | convergence | analysis | analysis | parallel | parallel | computer | computer | implementation | implementation | programming | programming | assembly | assembly | equation-solving | equation-solving | formulating | formulating | implementing | implementing | complex | complex | approximations | approximations | equations | equations | motion | motion | dynamic | dynamic | deformations | deformations | continua | continua | plasticity | plasticity | rate-dependency | rate-dependency | integration | integration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.104J Riots, Strikes, and Conspiracies in American History (MIT) 21H.104J Riots, Strikes, and Conspiracies in American History (MIT)

Description

This course uses readings and discussions to focus on a series of short-term events that shed light on American politics, culture, and social organization. It emphasizes finding ways to make sense of these complicated, highly traumatic events, and on using them to understand larger processes of change in American history. The class also gives students experience with primary documentation research through a term paper assignment. This course uses readings and discussions to focus on a series of short-term events that shed light on American politics, culture, and social organization. It emphasizes finding ways to make sense of these complicated, highly traumatic events, and on using them to understand larger processes of change in American history. The class also gives students experience with primary documentation research through a term paper assignment.

Subjects

riot | riot | strike | strike | conspiracy | conspiracy | cities | cities | urbanism | urbanism | U.S. history | U.S. history | revolutionary war | revolutionary war | boston tea party | boston tea party | civil war | civil war | slavery | slavery | slave uprisings | slave uprisings | Anthony Burns | Anthony Burns | Henry David Thoreau | Henry David Thoreau | industrial revolution | industrial revolution | textile workers | textile workers | Lawrence | Lawrence | MA | MA | student uprising | student uprising | Vietnam War | Vietnam War | Columbia University | Columbia University | communism | communism | socialism | socialism | Lawrence | MA | Lawrence | MA | 21h.104 | 21h.104 | 11.015 | 11.015

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.575J Women in South Asia from 1800 to Present (MIT) 21H.575J Women in South Asia from 1800 to Present (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce and help students understand the changes and continuities in the lives of women in South Asia from a historical perspective. Using gender as a lens of examining the past, we will examine how politics of race, class, caste and religion affected and continue to impact women in South Asian countries, primarily in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We will reflect upon current debates within South Asian women's history in order to examine some of the issues and problems that arise in re-writing the past from a gendered perspective and these are found in primary documents, secondary readings, films, newspaper articles, and the Internet. This course is designed to introduce and help students understand the changes and continuities in the lives of women in South Asia from a historical perspective. Using gender as a lens of examining the past, we will examine how politics of race, class, caste and religion affected and continue to impact women in South Asian countries, primarily in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We will reflect upon current debates within South Asian women's history in order to examine some of the issues and problems that arise in re-writing the past from a gendered perspective and these are found in primary documents, secondary readings, films, newspaper articles, and the Internet.

Subjects

21H.575 | 21H.575 | WGS.459 | WGS.459 | mother | mother | daughter | daughter | in-law | in-law | wive | wive | courtesan | courtesan | concubine | concubine | divinities | divinities | devotee | devotee | social reform | social reform | india | india | education | education | religion | religion | gender | gender | law | law | colonial india | colonial india | british empire | british empire | good wife | good wife | harem | harem | political participation | political participation | women's work | women's work | empower | empower | birth control | birth control | gandhi | gandhi | public health | public health | activism | activism | partition | partition | dowry | dowry | rape | rape | sati | sati | civil code | civil code | religious fundamentalism | religious fundamentalism | sexualty | sexualty | popular culture | popular culture | globalization | globalization | feminism | feminism | south asian women | south asian women

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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