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22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT) 22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures. This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures.

Subjects

superconductors | superconductors | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | electromagnetic theory | electromagnetic theory | magnet design | magnet design | operational issues | operational issues | usable superconductors | usable superconductors | field and stress analyses | field and stress analyses | magnet instabilities | magnet instabilities | ac losses | ac losses | mechanical disturbances | mechanical disturbances | quench | quench | protection | protection | experimental techniques | experimental techniques | cryogenics | cryogenics | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | 22.68 | 22.68 | 2.64 | 2.64

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6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT) 6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT)

Description

This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc. This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc.

Subjects

applied superconductivity | applied superconductivity | superconducting electronics | superconducting electronics | electrodynamics of superconductors | electrodynamics of superconductors | London's model | London's model | flux quantization | flux quantization | Josephson Junctions | Josephson Junctions | superconducting quantum devices | superconducting quantum devices | equivalent circuits | equivalent circuits | high-speed superconducting electronics | high-speed superconducting electronics | quantized circuits | quantized circuits | quantum computing | quantum computing | type II superconductors | type II superconductors | critical magnetic fields | critical magnetic fields | pinning | pinning | the critical state model | the critical state model | superconducting materials | superconducting materials | microscopic theory of superconductivity | microscopic theory of superconductivity | Electric conductivity | Electric conductivity

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6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT) 6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT)

Description

This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity. This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.

Subjects

applied superconductivity | applied superconductivity | superconducting electronics | superconducting electronics | electrodynamics of superconductors | electrodynamics of superconductors | London's model | London's model | flux quantization | flux quantization | Josephson Junctions | Josephson Junctions | superconducting quantum devices | superconducting quantum devices | equivalent circuits | equivalent circuits | high-speed superconducting electronics | high-speed superconducting electronics | quantized circuits | quantized circuits | quantum computing | quantum computing | type II superconductors | type II superconductors | critical magnetic fields | critical magnetic fields | pinning | pinning | the critical state model | the critical state model | superconducting materials | superconducting materials | microscopic theory of superconductivity | microscopic theory of superconductivity

License

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6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT) 6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT)

Description

This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices. This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices.

Subjects

physics | physics | modeling | modeling | application | application | technology of compound semiconductors | technology of compound semiconductors | electronic | electronic | optoelectronic | optoelectronic | photonic devices | photonic devices | integrated circuits | integrated circuits | properties | properties | heterojunctions | heterojunctions | quantum structures | quantum structures | pseudomorphic strained layers | pseudomorphic strained layers | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | photodiodes | photodiodes | laser diodes | laser diodes | optoelectronic devices | optoelectronic devices | applications | applications | compound semiconductors | compound semiconductors | electronic devices | electronic devices | compound semiconductor processing | compound semiconductor processing | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | MESFET | MESFET | heterojunction field effect transistors | heterojunction field effect transistors | HFET | HFET | bipolar transistors | bipolar transistors | HBT | HBT | vertical-cavity laser diodes | vertical-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes

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22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures.

Subjects

superconductors | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | electromagnetic theory | magnet design | operational issues | usable superconductors | field and stress analyses | magnet instabilities | ac losses | mechanical disturbances | quench | protection | experimental techniques | cryogenics | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | 22.68 | 2.64

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6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT)

Description

This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.

Subjects

applied superconductivity | superconducting electronics | electrodynamics of superconductors | London's model | flux quantization | Josephson Junctions | superconducting quantum devices | equivalent circuits | high-speed superconducting electronics | quantized circuits | quantum computing | type II superconductors | critical magnetic fields | pinning | the critical state model | superconducting materials | microscopic theory of superconductivity

License

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6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT)

Description

This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc.

Subjects

applied superconductivity | superconducting electronics | electrodynamics of superconductors | London's model | flux quantization | Josephson Junctions | superconducting quantum devices | equivalent circuits | high-speed superconducting electronics | quantized circuits | quantum computing | type II superconductors | critical magnetic fields | pinning | the critical state model | superconducting materials | microscopic theory of superconductivity | Electric conductivity

License

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3.22 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT) 3.22 Mechanical Behavior of Materials (MIT)

Description

Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, fracture and fatigue of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. We will cover special topics in mechanical behavior for material systems of your choice, with reference to current research and publications. Here we will learn about the mechanical behavior of structures and materials, from the continuum description of properties to the atomistic and molecular mechanisms that confer those properties to all materials. We will cover elastic and plastic deformation, creep, fracture and fatigue of materials including crystalline and amorphous metals, semiconductors, ceramics, and (bio)polymers, and will focus on the design and processing of materials from the atomic to the macroscale to achieve desired mechanical behavior. We will cover special topics in mechanical behavior for material systems of your choice, with reference to current research and publications.

Subjects

Phenomenology | Phenomenology | mechanical behavior | mechanical behavior | material structure | material structure | deformation | deformation | failure | failure | elasticity | elasticity | viscoelasticity | viscoelasticity | plasticity | plasticity | creep | creep | fracture | fracture | fatigue | fatigue | metals | metals | semiconductors | semiconductors | ceramics | ceramics | polymers | polymers | microstructure | microstructure | composition | composition | semiconductor diodes | semiconductor diodes | thin films | thin films | carbon nanotubes | carbon nanotubes | battery materials | battery materials | superelastic alloys | superelastic alloys | defect nucleation | defect nucleation | student projects | student projects | viral capsides | viral capsides

License

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3.225 Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Materials (MIT) 3.225 Electronic and Mechanical Properties of Materials (MIT)

Description

This course covers the fundamental concepts that determine the electrical, optical, magnetic and mechanical properties of metals, semiconductors, ceramics and polymers. The roles of bonding, structure (crystalline, defect, energy band and microstructure) and composition in influencing and controlling physical properties are discussed. Also included are case studies drawn from a variety of applications: semiconductor diodes and optical detectors, sensors, thin films, biomaterials, composites and cellular materials, and others. This course covers the fundamental concepts that determine the electrical, optical, magnetic and mechanical properties of metals, semiconductors, ceramics and polymers. The roles of bonding, structure (crystalline, defect, energy band and microstructure) and composition in influencing and controlling physical properties are discussed. Also included are case studies drawn from a variety of applications: semiconductor diodes and optical detectors, sensors, thin films, biomaterials, composites and cellular materials, and others.

Subjects

metals | metals | semiconductors | semiconductors | ceramics | ceramics | polymers | polymers | bonding | bonding | structure | structure | energy band | energy band | microstructure | microstructure | composition | composition | semiconductor diodes | semiconductor diodes | optical detectors | optical detectors | sensors | sensors | thin films | thin films | biomaterials | biomaterials | cellular materials | cellular materials | magnetism | magnetism | polarity | polarity | viscoelasticity | viscoelasticity | plasticity | plasticity | fracture | fracture | materials selection | materials selection

License

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8.231 Physics of Solids I (MIT) 8.231 Physics of Solids I (MIT)

Description

The topics covered in this course include:Periodic Structure and Symmetry of CrystalsDiffraction, Reciprocal LatticeChemical BondingLattice DynamicsPhononsThermal PropertiesFree Electron GasModel of MetalsBloch Theorem and Band StructureNearly Free Electron ApproximationTight Binding MethodFermi SurfaceSemiconductorsElectronsHolesImpuritiesOptical PropertiesExcitons andMagnetism The topics covered in this course include:Periodic Structure and Symmetry of CrystalsDiffraction, Reciprocal LatticeChemical BondingLattice DynamicsPhononsThermal PropertiesFree Electron GasModel of MetalsBloch Theorem and Band StructureNearly Free Electron ApproximationTight Binding MethodFermi SurfaceSemiconductorsElectronsHolesImpuritiesOptical PropertiesExcitons andMagnetism

Subjects

periodic structure and symmetry of crystals | periodic structure and symmetry of crystals | diffraction | diffraction | reciprocal lattice | reciprocal lattice | chemical bonding | chemical bonding | phonons | phonons | thermal properties | thermal properties | free electron gas | free electron gas | model of metals | model of metals | Bloch theorem and band structure | Bloch theorem and band structure | nearly free electron approximation | nearly free electron approximation | tight binding method | tight binding method | Fermi surface | Fermi surface | semiconductors | semiconductors | electrons | electrons | holes | holes | impurities | impurities | optical properties | optical properties | excitons | excitons | magnetism | magnetism

License

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8.02 Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism (MIT) 8.02 Physics II: Electricity and Magnetism (MIT)

Description

This freshman-level course is the second semester of introductory physics. The focus is on electricity and magnetism. The subject is taught using the TEAL (Technology Enabled Active Learning) format which utilizes small group interaction and current technology. The TEAL/Studio Project at MIT is a new approach to physics education designed to help students develop much better intuition about, and conceptual models of, physical phenomena. Staff List Visualizations: Prof. John Belcher Instructors: Dr. Peter Dourmashkin Prof. Bruce Knuteson Prof. Gunther Roland Prof. Bolek Wyslouch Dr. Brian Wecht Prof. Eric Katsavounidis Prof. Robert Simcoe Prof. Joseph Formaggio Course Co-Administrators: Dr. Peter Dourmashkin Prof. Robert Redwine Technical Instructors: Andy Neely Matthew Strafuss Course This freshman-level course is the second semester of introductory physics. The focus is on electricity and magnetism. The subject is taught using the TEAL (Technology Enabled Active Learning) format which utilizes small group interaction and current technology. The TEAL/Studio Project at MIT is a new approach to physics education designed to help students develop much better intuition about, and conceptual models of, physical phenomena. Staff List Visualizations: Prof. John Belcher Instructors: Dr. Peter Dourmashkin Prof. Bruce Knuteson Prof. Gunther Roland Prof. Bolek Wyslouch Dr. Brian Wecht Prof. Eric Katsavounidis Prof. Robert Simcoe Prof. Joseph Formaggio Course Co-Administrators: Dr. Peter Dourmashkin Prof. Robert Redwine Technical Instructors: Andy Neely Matthew Strafuss Course

Subjects

electromagnetism | electromagnetism | electrostatics | electrostatics | electric charge | electric charge | Coulomb's law | Coulomb's law | electric structure of matter | electric structure of matter | conductors | conductors | dielectrics | dielectrics | electrostatic field | electrostatic field | potential | potential | electrostatic energy | electrostatic energy | Electric currents | Electric currents | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | Ampere's law | Ampere's law | Magnetic materials | Magnetic materials | Time-varying fields | Time-varying fields | Faraday's law of induction | Faraday's law of induction | electric circuits | electric circuits | Electromagnetic waves | Electromagnetic waves | Maxwell's equations | Maxwell's equations

License

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8.231 Physics of Solids I (MIT) 8.231 Physics of Solids I (MIT)

Description

This course offers an introduction to the basic concepts of the quantum theory of solids. This course offers an introduction to the basic concepts of the quantum theory of solids.

Subjects

periodic structure | periodic structure | symmetry of crystals | symmetry of crystals | diffraction | diffraction | reciprocal lattice | reciprocal lattice | chemical bonding | chemical bonding | lattice dynamics | lattice dynamics | phonons | phonons | thermal properties | thermal properties | free electron gas | free electron gas | model of metals | model of metals | Bloch theorem | Bloch theorem | band structure | band structure | nearly free electron approximation | nearly free electron approximation | tight binding method | tight binding method | Fermi surface | Fermi surface | semiconductors | semiconductors | electrons | electrons | holes | holes | impurities | impurities | optical properties | optical properties | excitons | excitons | magnetism. | magnetism.

License

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Magnetism with an Experimental Focus (MIT) Magnetism with an Experimental Focus (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to electromagnetism and electrostatics. Topics include: electric charge, Coulomb's law, electric structure of matter, conductors and dielectrics, concepts of electrostatic field and potential, electrostatic energy, electric currents, magnetic fields, Ampere's law, magnetic materials, time-varying fields, Faraday's law of induction, basic electric circuits, electromagnetic waves, and Maxwell's equations. The course has an experimental focus, and includes several experiments that are intended to illustrate the concepts being studied. Acknowledgements Prof. Roland wishes to acknowledge that the structure and content of this course owe much to the contributions of Prof. Ambrogio Fasoli. This course is an introduction to electromagnetism and electrostatics. Topics include: electric charge, Coulomb's law, electric structure of matter, conductors and dielectrics, concepts of electrostatic field and potential, electrostatic energy, electric currents, magnetic fields, Ampere's law, magnetic materials, time-varying fields, Faraday's law of induction, basic electric circuits, electromagnetic waves, and Maxwell's equations. The course has an experimental focus, and includes several experiments that are intended to illustrate the concepts being studied. Acknowledgements Prof. Roland wishes to acknowledge that the structure and content of this course owe much to the contributions of Prof. Ambrogio Fasoli.

Subjects

Electromagnetism | Electromagnetism | electrostatics | electrostatics | electric charge | electric charge | Coulomb's law | Coulomb's law | electric structure of matter | electric structure of matter | conductors | conductors | dielectrics | dielectrics | electrostatic field | electrostatic field | electrostatic potential | electrostatic potential | electrostatic energy | electrostatic energy | electric current | electric current | magnetic field | magnetic field | Ampere's law | Ampere's law | magnetic | magnetic | electric | electric | time-varying fields | time-varying fields | Faraday's law | Faraday's law | induction | induction | circuits | circuits | electromagnetic waves | electromagnetic waves | Maxwell's equations | Maxwell's equations | 8.02 | 8.02

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8.02T Electricity and Magnetism (MIT) 8.02T Electricity and Magnetism (MIT)

Description

This freshman-level course is the second semester of introductory physics. The focus is on electricity and magnetism. The subject is taught using the TEAL (Technology Enabled Active Learning) format which utilizes small group interaction and current technology. The TEAL/Studio Project at MIT is a new approach to physics education designed to help students develop much better intuition about, and conceptual models of, physical phenomena. Acknowledgements The TEAL project is supported by The Alex and Brit d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in MIT Education, MIT iCampus, the Davis Educational Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the Class of 1960 Endowment for Innovation in Education, the Class of 1951 Fund for Excellence in Education, the Class of 1955 Fund for Excellence in Teaching, a This freshman-level course is the second semester of introductory physics. The focus is on electricity and magnetism. The subject is taught using the TEAL (Technology Enabled Active Learning) format which utilizes small group interaction and current technology. The TEAL/Studio Project at MIT is a new approach to physics education designed to help students develop much better intuition about, and conceptual models of, physical phenomena. Acknowledgements The TEAL project is supported by The Alex and Brit d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in MIT Education, MIT iCampus, the Davis Educational Foundation, the National Science Foundation, the Class of 1960 Endowment for Innovation in Education, the Class of 1951 Fund for Excellence in Education, the Class of 1955 Fund for Excellence in Teaching, a

Subjects

electromagnetism | electromagnetism | electrostatics | electrostatics | electric charge | electric charge | Coulomb's law | Coulomb's law | electric structure of matter | electric structure of matter | conductors | conductors | dielectrics | dielectrics | electrostatic field | electrostatic field | potential | potential | electrostatic energy | electrostatic energy | Electric currents | Electric currents | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | Ampere's law | Ampere's law | Magnetic materials | Magnetic materials | Time-varying fields | Time-varying fields | Faraday's law of induction | Faraday's law of induction | electric circuits | electric circuits | Electromagnetic waves | Electromagnetic waves | Maxwell's equations | Maxwell's equations

License

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8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT) 8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT)

Description

This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity. This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity.

Subjects

physics of solids | physics of solids | elementary excitations | elementary excitations | symmetry | symmetry | theory of representations | theory of representations | energy bands | energy bands | excitons | excitons | critical points | critical points | response functions | response functions | interactions in the electron gas | interactions in the electron gas | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | semiconductors | semiconductors | insulators | insulators | Free electron model | Free electron model | Crystalline lattice | Crystalline lattice | Debye Waller factor | Debye Waller factor | Bravais lattice | Bravais lattice | Pseudopotential | Pseudopotential | van Hove singularity | van Hove singularity | Bloch oscillation | Bloch oscillation | quantization of orbits | quantization of orbits | de Haas-van Alphen effect | de Haas-van Alphen effect | Quantum Hall effect | Quantum Hall effect | Electron-electron interaction | Electron-electron interaction | Hartree-Fock approximation | Hartree-Fock approximation | Exchange energy for Jellium | Exchange energy for Jellium | Density functional theory | Density functional theory | Hubbard model | Hubbard model | Electron-phonon coupling | Electron-phonon coupling | phonons | phonons

License

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8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT) 8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT)

Description

In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group. In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group.

Subjects

condensed matter systems | condensed matter systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | disorder and quantum transport | disorder and quantum transport | magnetic impurities | magnetic impurities | the Kondo problem | the Kondo problem | quantum spin systems | quantum spin systems | the Hubbard model | the Hubbard model | high temperature superconductors | high temperature superconductors | Bose Condensates | Bose Condensates | Quasiparticles | Quasiparticles | Collective Modes | Collective Modes | Superfluidity | Superfluidity | Vortices | Vortices | Fermi Gases | Fermi Gases | Fermi Liquids | Fermi Liquids | Collective Excitations | Collective Excitations | Cooper Pairing | Cooper Pairing | BCS Theory | BCS Theory | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Superconductivity | Superconductivity | Atom Interacting | Atom Interacting | Optical Fields | Optical Fields | Lamb Shift | Lamb Shift | Casimir Effect | Casimir Effect | Dicke Superradiance | Dicke Superradiance | Quantum Transport | Quantum Transport | Wave Scattering | Wave Scattering | Disordered Media | Disordered Media | Localization | Localization | Tunneling | Tunneling | Instantons | Instantons | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Coupling | Coupling | Thermal Bath | Thermal Bath | Spin-boson Model | Spin-boson Model | Kondo Effect | Kondo Effect | Spin Dynamics | Spin Dynamics | Gases Transport | Gases Transport | Solids Transport | Solids Transport | Cold Atoms | Cold Atoms | Optical Lattices | Optical Lattices | Quantum Theory | Quantum Theory | Photodetection | Photodetection | Electric Noise | Electric Noise

License

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6.763 Applied Superconductivity (MIT)

Description

This course provides a phenomenological approach to superconductivity, with emphasis on superconducting electronics. Topics include: electrodynamics of superconductors, London's model, flux quantization, Josephson Junctions, superconducting quantum devices, equivalent circuits, high-speed superconducting electronics, and quantized circuits for quantum computing. The course also provides an overview of type II superconductors, critical magnetic fields, pinning, the critical state model, superconducting materials, and microscopic theory of superconductivity.

Subjects

applied superconductivity | superconducting electronics | electrodynamics of superconductors | London's model | flux quantization | Josephson Junctions | superconducting quantum devices | equivalent circuits | high-speed superconducting electronics | quantized circuits | quantum computing | type II superconductors | critical magnetic fields | pinning | the critical state model | superconducting materials | microscopic theory of superconductivity

License

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8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT) 8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT)

Description

In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group. In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group.

Subjects

condensed matter systems | condensed matter systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | disorder and quantum transport | disorder and quantum transport | magnetic impurities | magnetic impurities | the Kondo problem | the Kondo problem | quantum spin systems | quantum spin systems | the Hubbard model | the Hubbard model | high temperature superconductors | high temperature superconductors | Bose Condensates | Bose Condensates | Quasiparticles | Quasiparticles | Collective Modes | Collective Modes | Superfluidity | Superfluidity | Vortices | Vortices | Fermi Gases | Fermi Gases | Fermi Liquids | Fermi Liquids | Collective Excitations | Collective Excitations | Cooper Pairing | Cooper Pairing | BCS Theory | BCS Theory | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Superconductivity | Superconductivity | Atom Interacting | Atom Interacting | Optical Fields | Optical Fields | Lamb Shift | Lamb Shift | Casimir Effect | Casimir Effect | Dicke Superradiance | Dicke Superradiance | Quantum Transport | Quantum Transport | Wave Scattering | Wave Scattering | Disordered Media | Disordered Media | Localization | Localization | Tunneling | Tunneling | Instantons | Instantons | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Coupling | Coupling | Thermal Bath | Thermal Bath | Spin-boson Model | Spin-boson Model | Kondo Effect | Kondo Effect | Spin Dynamics | Spin Dynamics | Gases Transport | Gases Transport | Solids Transport | Solids Transport | Cold Atoms | Cold Atoms | Optical Lattices | Optical Lattices | Quantum Theory | Quantum Theory | Photodetection | Photodetection | Electric Noise | Electric Noise

License

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8.02 Electricity and Magnetism: TEAL:Studio Physics Project (MIT) 8.02 Electricity and Magnetism: TEAL:Studio Physics Project (MIT)

Description

Introduction to electromagnetism and electrostatics: electric charge, Coulomb's law, electric structure of matter; conductors and dielectrics. Concepts of electrostatic field and potential, electrostatic energy. Electric currents, magnetic fields and Ampere's law. Magnetic materials. Time-varying fields and Faraday's law of induction. Basic electric circuits. Electromagnetic waves and Maxwell's equations.Staff Credits for TEAL Visualizations:Project Manager: Andrew McKinneyJava 3D Applets: Andrew McKinney, Philip Bailey, Pierre Poignant, Ying Cao, Ralph Rabat, Mikael Rechtsman3D Illustration/Animation: Mark BessetteShockWave Visualizations: Michael DanzigerVisualization Techniques R&D: Andreas Sundquist (DLIC), Mesrob Ohannessian (IDRAW)Technical RequirementsRealOne™ Introduction to electromagnetism and electrostatics: electric charge, Coulomb's law, electric structure of matter; conductors and dielectrics. Concepts of electrostatic field and potential, electrostatic energy. Electric currents, magnetic fields and Ampere's law. Magnetic materials. Time-varying fields and Faraday's law of induction. Basic electric circuits. Electromagnetic waves and Maxwell's equations.Staff Credits for TEAL Visualizations:Project Manager: Andrew McKinneyJava 3D Applets: Andrew McKinney, Philip Bailey, Pierre Poignant, Ying Cao, Ralph Rabat, Mikael Rechtsman3D Illustration/Animation: Mark BessetteShockWave Visualizations: Michael DanzigerVisualization Techniques R&D: Andreas Sundquist (DLIC), Mesrob Ohannessian (IDRAW)Technical RequirementsRealOne™

Subjects

dielectrics | dielectrics | conductors | conductors | electric structure of matter | electric structure of matter | Coulomb's law | Coulomb's law | electrostatics | electrostatics | electromagnetism | electromagnetism

License

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6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT) 6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT)

Description

6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and MOS devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits. 6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and MOS devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits.

Subjects

semiconductor | semiconductor | integrated circuit | integrated circuit | p-n junction | p-n junction | mos | mos | mosfet | mosfet | digital logic | digital logic | nmos | nmos | cmos | cmos | bipolar junction transistor | bipolar junction transistor | single stage amplifier | single stage amplifier | frequency domain analysis | frequency domain analysis | common emitter | common emitter | multistage amplifier | multistage amplifier | intrinsic semiconductors | intrinsic semiconductors | electrons | electrons | holes | holes | carrier transport | carrier transport | 60mV rule | 60mV rule

License

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6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT)

Description

This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices.

Subjects

physics | modeling | application | technology of compound semiconductors | electronic | optoelectronic | photonic devices | integrated circuits | properties | heterojunctions | quantum structures | pseudomorphic strained layers | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | photodiodes | laser diodes | optoelectronic devices | applications | compound semiconductors | electronic devices | compound semiconductor processing | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | MESFET | heterojunction field effect transistors | HFET | bipolar transistors | HBT | vertical-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT) 6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT)

Description

6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include: modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and metal-on-silicon (MOS) devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits. 6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include: modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and metal-on-silicon (MOS) devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits.

Subjects

semiconductor | semiconductor | integrated circuit | integrated circuit | p-n junction | p-n junction | mos | mos | mosfet | mosfet | digital logic | digital logic | nmos | nmos | cmos | cmos | bipolar junction transistor | bipolar junction transistor | single stage amplifier | single stage amplifier | frequency domain analysis | frequency domain analysis | common emitter | common emitter | multistage amplifier | multistage amplifier | intrinsic semiconductors | intrinsic semiconductors | electrons | electrons | holes | holes | carrier transport | carrier transport | 60mV rule | 60mV rule

License

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6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT)

Description

This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices.

Subjects

physics | modeling | application | technology of compound semiconductors | electronic | optoelectronic | photonic devices | integrated circuits | properties | heterojunctions | quantum structures | pseudomorphic strained layers | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | photodiodes | laser diodes | optoelectronic devices | applications | compound semiconductors | electronic devices | compound semiconductor processing | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | MESFET | heterojunction field effect transistors | HFET | bipolar transistors | HBT | vertical-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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3.071 Amorphous Materials (MIT) 3.071 Amorphous Materials (MIT)

Description

This course discusses the fundamental material science behind amorphous solids, or non-crystalline materials. It covers formation of amorphous solids; amorphous structures and their electrical and optical properties; and characterization methods and technical applications. This course discusses the fundamental material science behind amorphous solids, or non-crystalline materials. It covers formation of amorphous solids; amorphous structures and their electrical and optical properties; and characterization methods and technical applications.

Subjects

glass | glass | amorphous solid | amorphous solid | mechanical and optical properties | mechanical and optical properties | metastable | metastable | silica | silica | ideal crystals | ideal crystals | network formers | network formers | modifiers | modifiers | intermediates | intermediates | alkali silicate glass | alkali silicate glass | amorphous semiconductors | amorphous semiconductors | metallic glass | metallic glass | glass forming theory | glass forming theory | crystallization | crystallization | thermodynamics of nucleation | thermodynamics of nucleation | potential energy landscape | potential energy landscape | Zachariasen’s rules | Zachariasen’s rules | kinetic theory | kinetic theory | network topology theory | network topology theory | laboratory glass transition | laboratory glass transition | glass forming ability parmaters | glass forming ability parmaters | performance metrics | performance metrics | GST phase change alloy | GST phase change alloy | PCM | PCM | phase change memory | phase change memory | data storage | data storage | pitch drop experiment | pitch drop experiment | temperature dependence | temperature dependence | viscous flow | viscous flow | stron v. fragile liquids | stron v. fragile liquids | non- newtonian behavior | non- newtonian behavior | viscometry | viscometry | linear elasticity | linear elasticity | Newtonian viscosity | Newtonian viscosity | elasticity | elasticity | viscosity | viscosity | glass shaping | glass shaping | relaxation | relaxation | mechanical properties | mechanical properties | glass stregthening | glass stregthening | electrical properties | electrical properties | transport properties | transport properties | macroelectronics | macroelectronics | optical properties | optical properties | optical fibers | optical fibers | waveguides | waveguides | amorphous state | amorphous state

License

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6.007 Electromagnetic Energy: From Motors to Lasers (MIT) 6.007 Electromagnetic Energy: From Motors to Lasers (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This course discusses applications of electromagnetic and equivalent quantum mechanical principles to classical and modern devices. It covers energy conversion and power flow in both macroscopic and quantum-scale electrical and electromechanical systems, including electric motors and generators, electric circuit elements, quantum tunneling structures and instruments. It studies photons as waves and particles and their interaction with matter in optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, displays, and lasers. The instructors would like to thank Scott Bradley, David Friend, Ta-Ming Shih, and Yasuhiro Shirasaki for helping to develop the course, and Kyle Hounsell, Ethan Koether, and Dmitri Megretski for their work preparing the lect Includes audio/video content: AV special element video. This course discusses applications of electromagnetic and equivalent quantum mechanical principles to classical and modern devices. It covers energy conversion and power flow in both macroscopic and quantum-scale electrical and electromechanical systems, including electric motors and generators, electric circuit elements, quantum tunneling structures and instruments. It studies photons as waves and particles and their interaction with matter in optoelectronic devices, including solar cells, displays, and lasers. The instructors would like to thank Scott Bradley, David Friend, Ta-Ming Shih, and Yasuhiro Shirasaki for helping to develop the course, and Kyle Hounsell, Ethan Koether, and Dmitri Megretski for their work preparing the lect

Subjects

electromagnetics | electromagnetics | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | energy conversion | energy conversion | power flow | power flow | electric motors | electric motors | circuits | circuits | quantum tunneling | quantum tunneling | optoelectronic devices | optoelectronic devices | electromagnetic waves | electromagnetic waves | EM waves | EM waves | semiconductors | semiconductors | lasers | lasers

License

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