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Cancer and Protein Crystallography

Description

Professor Yvonne Jones talks about cell-cell communication and how this can help us develop new drugs. Prof. Yvonne Jones is director of the Cancer Research UK Receptor Structure Research Group. Her research focuses on the structural biology of cell surface recognition and signalling complexes. Receptors embedded in the surface are potential targets for therapeutic intervention in many diseases including cancer. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

protein-protein interaction | tumour immunology | signalling complexes | x-ray crystallography | structural biology | protein-protein interaction | tumour immunology | signalling complexes | x-ray crystallography | structural biology

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3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT) 3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT)

Description

The central point of this course is to provide a physical basis that links the structure of materials with their properties, focusing primarily on metals. With this understanding in hand, the concepts of alloy design and microstructural engineering are also discussed, linking processing and thermodynamics to the structure and properties of metals. The central point of this course is to provide a physical basis that links the structure of materials with their properties, focusing primarily on metals. With this understanding in hand, the concepts of alloy design and microstructural engineering are also discussed, linking processing and thermodynamics to the structure and properties of metals.

Subjects

point | point | line and interfacial defects | line and interfacial defects | stereographic projection | stereographic projection | annealing | annealing | spinodal decomposition | spinodal decomposition | nucleation | nucleation | growth | growth | particle coarsening | particle coarsening | structure-function relationships | structure-function relationships | interstitial and substitutional solid solutions | interstitial and substitutional solid solutions | processing and structure of metals | processing and structure of metals | strength | strength | stiffness | stiffness | and ductility | and ductility | crystallography | crystallography | phase transformations | phase transformations | microstructural evolution | microstructural evolution | steel | steel | aluminum | aluminum

License

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3.14 Physical Metallurgy (MIT) 3.14 Physical Metallurgy (MIT)

Description

The central point of this course is to provide a physical basis that links the structure of metals with their properties. With this understanding in hand, the concepts of alloy design and microstructural engineering are also discussed, linking processing and thermodynamics to the structure and properties of metals. The central point of this course is to provide a physical basis that links the structure of metals with their properties. With this understanding in hand, the concepts of alloy design and microstructural engineering are also discussed, linking processing and thermodynamics to the structure and properties of metals.

Subjects

processing | structure | and properties of metals and alloys | processing | structure | and properties of metals and alloys | strength | stiffness | and ductility | strength | stiffness | and ductility | crystallography | defects | microstructure | crystallography | defects | microstructure | phase transformations | phase transformations | microstructural evolution | microstructural evolution | alloy thermodynamics and kinetics | alloy thermodynamics and kinetics | structural engineering alloys | structural engineering alloys | steel | steel | aluminum | aluminum

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT) 5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

License

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3.60 Symmetry, Structure, and Tensor Properties of Materials (MIT) 3.60 Symmetry, Structure, and Tensor Properties of Materials (MIT)

Description

This course covers the derivation of symmetry theory; lattices, point groups, space groups, and their properties; use of symmetry in tensor representation of crystal properties, including anisotropy and representation surfaces; and applications to piezoelectricity and elasticity. This course covers the derivation of symmetry theory; lattices, point groups, space groups, and their properties; use of symmetry in tensor representation of crystal properties, including anisotropy and representation surfaces; and applications to piezoelectricity and elasticity.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | rotation | rotation | translation | translation | lattice | lattice | plane | plane | point group | point group | space group | space group | motif | motif | glide plane | glide plane | mirror plane | mirror plane | reflection | reflection | spherical trigonometry | spherical trigonometry | binary compound | binary compound | coordination number | coordination number | ion | ion | crystal structure | crystal structure | tetrahedral | tetrahedral | octahedral | octahedral | packing | packing | monoclinic | monoclinic | triclinic | triclinic | orthorhombic | orthorhombic | cell | cell | screw axis | screw axis | eigenvector | eigenvector | stress | stress | strain | strain | anisotropy | anisotropy | anisotropic | anisotropic | piezoelectric | piezoelectric

License

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT) 5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

License

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Minerals and the crystalline state Minerals and the crystalline state

Description

Rocks are made of minerals and, as minerals are natural crystals, the geological world is mostly a crystalline world. This free course, Minerals and the crystalline state, introduces the study of minerals and crystal structures, using online text and interactive activities, including questions and answers, video clips, slidecasts and a Digital Kit. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Minerals and the crystalline state. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 Rocks are made of minerals and, as minerals are natural crystals, the geological world is mostly a crystalline world. This free course, Minerals and the crystalline state, introduces the study of minerals and crystal structures, using online text and interactive activities, including questions and answers, video clips, slidecasts and a Digital Kit. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Minerals and the crystalline state. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Science | Science | Geology | Geology | S209_1 | S209_1 | minerals | minerals | crystals | crystals | geology | geology | mineralogy | mineralogy | crystallography | crystallography | Earth sciences | Earth sciences

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT) 7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to computational biology emphasizing the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence and structural analysis; it also includes an introduction to the analysis of complex biological systems. Topics covered in the course include principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction and network modeling, as well as currently emerging research areas. This course is an introduction to computational biology emphasizing the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence and structural analysis; it also includes an introduction to the analysis of complex biological systems. Topics covered in the course include principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction and network modeling, as well as currently emerging research areas.

Subjects

7.91 | 7.91 | 20.490 | 20.490 | 20.390 | 20.390 | 7.36 | 7.36 | 6.802 | 6.802 | 6.874 | 6.874 | HST.506 | HST.506 | computational biology | computational biology | systems biology | systems biology | bioinformatics | bioinformatics | artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | sequence analysis | sequence analysis | proteomics | proteomics | sequence alignment | sequence alignment | protein folding | protein folding | structure prediction | structure prediction | network modeling | network modeling | phylogenetics | phylogenetics | pairwise sequence comparisons | pairwise sequence comparisons | ncbi | ncbi | blast | blast | protein structure | protein structure | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | genome sequencing | genome sequencing | DNA | DNA | RNA | RNA | x-ray crystallography | x-ray crystallography | NMR | NMR | homologs | homologs | ab initio structure prediction | ab initio structure prediction | DNA microarrays | DNA microarrays | clustering | clustering | proteome | proteome | computational annotation | computational annotation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Membrane proteins and drug development

Description

Dr Liz Carpenter talks about her research on membrane proteins and drug development. Membrane proteins are the gateways to our cells - with nutrients, waste products, and even DNA and proteins entering and leaving cells via these tightly controlled proteins. Drugs often target membrane proteins; therefore, understanding their molecular structure helps us design better drugs. Dr Liz Carpenter uses X-ray crystallography to solve membrane protein structures. This information is then used to improve treatments for heart disease and neurological diseases. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

membrane proteins | protein structure | high-throughput | drug discovery | ion channel | x-ray crystallography | membrane proteins | protein structure | high-throughput | drug discovery | ion channel | x-ray crystallography

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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X-rays for drug discovery

Description

Professor Frank von Delft works to ensure that X-ray structures can serve as a routine and predictive tool for generating novel chemistry for targeting proteins. In the process of drug discovery, X-ray crystallography is the most sensitive way to find out which compounds bind to a target protein. Recent advances in technology allow researchers to test many more compounds, much more rapidly. The ultimate aim is to bring much needed new treatments to patients. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

x-ray crystallography | drug discovery | proteins | protein structure | compounds | x-ray crystallography | drug discovery | proteins | protein structure | compounds

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT) 7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

Serving as an introduction to computational biology, this course emphasizes the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence analysis, structural analysis, and the analysis of complex biological systems. The principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction, and network modeling are covered. Students are also exposed to currently emerging research areas in the fields of computational and systems biology. Serving as an introduction to computational biology, this course emphasizes the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence analysis, structural analysis, and the analysis of complex biological systems. The principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction, and network modeling are covered. Students are also exposed to currently emerging research areas in the fields of computational and systems biology.

Subjects

computational biology | computational biology | systems biology | systems biology | bioinformatics | bioinformatics | sequence analysis | sequence analysis | proteomics | proteomics | sequence alignment | sequence alignment | protein folding | protein folding | structure prediction | structure prediction | network modeling | network modeling | phylogenetics | phylogenetics | pairwise sequence comparisons | pairwise sequence comparisons | ncbi | ncbi | blast | blast | protein structure | protein structure | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | genome sequencing | genome sequencing | DNA | DNA | RNA | RNA | x-ray crystallography | x-ray crystallography | NMR | NMR | homologs | homologs | ab initio structure prediction | ab initio structure prediction | DNA microarrays | DNA microarrays | clustering | clustering | proteome | proteome | computational annotation | computational annotation | BE.490J | BE.490J | 7.91 | 7.91 | 7.36 | 7.36 | BE.490 | BE.490 | 20.490 | 20.490

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Cancer and Protein Crystallography

Description

Professor Yvonne Jones talks about cell-cell communication and how this can help us develop new drugs. Prof. Yvonne Jones is director of the Cancer Research UK Receptor Structure Research Group. Her research focuses on the structural biology of cell surface recognition and signalling complexes. Receptors embedded in the surface are potential targets for therapeutic intervention in many diseases including cancer. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

protein-protein interaction | tumour immunology | signalling complexes | x-ray crystallography | structural biology | protein-protein interaction | tumour immunology | signalling complexes | x-ray crystallography | structural biology

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.01SC Fundamentals of Biology (MIT) 7.01SC Fundamentals of Biology (MIT)

Description

Fundamentals of Biology focuses on the basic principles of biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, and recombinant DNA. These principles are necessary to understanding the basic mechanisms of life and anchor the biological knowledge that is required to understand many of the challenges in everyday life, from human health and disease to loss of biodiversity and environmental quality. Fundamentals of Biology focuses on the basic principles of biochemistry, molecular biology, genetics, and recombinant DNA. These principles are necessary to understanding the basic mechanisms of life and anchor the biological knowledge that is required to understand many of the challenges in everyday life, from human health and disease to loss of biodiversity and environmental quality.

Subjects

amino acids | amino acids | carboxyl group | carboxyl group | amino group | amino group | side chains | side chains | polar | polar | hydrophobic | hydrophobic | primary structure | primary structure | secondary structure | secondary structure | tertiary structure | tertiary structure | quaternary structure | quaternary structure | x-ray crystallography | x-ray crystallography | alpha helix | alpha helix | beta sheet | beta sheet | ionic bond | ionic bond | non-polar bond | non-polar bond | van der Waals interactions | van der Waals interactions | proton gradient | proton gradient | cyclic photophosphorylation | cyclic photophosphorylation | sunlight | sunlight | ATP | ATP | chlorophyll | chlorophyll | chlorophyll a | chlorophyll a | electrons | electrons | hydrogen sulfide | hydrogen sulfide | biosynthesis | biosynthesis | non-cyclic photophosphorylation | non-cyclic photophosphorylation | photosystem II | photosystem II | photosystem I | photosystem I | cyanobacteria | cyanobacteria | chloroplast | chloroplast | stroma | stroma | thylakoid membrane | thylakoid membrane | Genetics | Genetics | Mendel | Mendel | Mendel's Laws | Mendel's Laws | cloning | cloning | restriction enzymes | restriction enzymes | vector | vector | insert DNA | insert DNA | ligase | ligase | library | library | E.Coli | E.Coli | phosphatase | phosphatase | yeast | yeast | transformation | transformation | ARG1 gene | ARG1 gene | ARG1 mutant yeast | ARG1 mutant yeast | yeast wild-type | yeast wild-type | cloning by complementation | cloning by complementation | Human Beta Globin gene | Human Beta Globin gene | protein tetramer | protein tetramer | vectors | vectors | antibodies | antibodies | human promoter | human promoter | splicing | splicing | mRNA | mRNA | cDNA | cDNA | reverse transcriptase | reverse transcriptase | plasmid | plasmid | electrophoresis | electrophoresis | DNA sequencing | DNA sequencing | primer | primer | template | template | capillary tube | capillary tube | laser detector | laser detector | human genome project | human genome project | recombinant DNA | recombinant DNA | clone | clone | primer walking | primer walking | subcloning | subcloning | computer assembly | computer assembly | shotgun sequencing | shotgun sequencing | open reading frame | open reading frame | databases | databases | polymerase chain reaction (PCR) | polymerase chain reaction (PCR) | polymerase | polymerase | nucleotides | nucleotides | Thermus aquaticus | Thermus aquaticus | Taq polymerase | Taq polymerase | thermocycler | thermocycler | resequencing | resequencing | in vitro fertilization | in vitro fertilization | pre-implantation diagnostics | pre-implantation diagnostics | forensics | forensics | genetic engineering | genetic engineering | DNA sequences | DNA sequences | therapeutic proteins | therapeutic proteins | E. coli | E. coli | disease-causing mutations | disease-causing mutations | cleavage of DNA | cleavage of DNA | bacterial transformation | bacterial transformation | recombinant DNA revolution | recombinant DNA revolution | biotechnology industry | biotechnology industry | Robert Swanson | Robert Swanson | toxin gene | toxin gene | pathogenic bacterium | pathogenic bacterium | biomedical research | biomedical research | S. Pyogenes | S. Pyogenes | origin of replication | origin of replication

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Membrane proteins and drug development

Description

Dr Liz Carpenter talks about her research on membrane proteins and drug development. Membrane proteins are the gateways to our cells - with nutrients, waste products, and even DNA and proteins entering and leaving cells via these tightly controlled proteins. Drugs often target membrane proteins; therefore, understanding their molecular structure helps us design better drugs. Dr Liz Carpenter uses X-ray crystallography to solve membrane protein structures. This information is then used to improve treatments for heart disease and neurological diseases. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

membrane proteins | protein structure | high-throughput | drug discovery | ion channel | x-ray crystallography | membrane proteins | protein structure | high-throughput | drug discovery | ion channel | x-ray crystallography

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT) 5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | x-rays | symmetry | phasing | crystal structure | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | structure refinement | electron density maps | space group determination | anomalous scattering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

Serving as an introduction to computational biology, this course emphasizes the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence analysis, structural analysis, and the analysis of complex biological systems. The principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction, and network modeling are covered. Students are also exposed to currently emerging research areas in the fields of computational and systems biology.

Subjects

computational biology | systems biology | bioinformatics | sequence analysis | proteomics | sequence alignment | protein folding | structure prediction | network modeling | phylogenetics | pairwise sequence comparisons | ncbi | blast | protein structure | dynamic programming | genome sequencing | DNA | RNA | x-ray crystallography | NMR | homologs | ab initio structure prediction | DNA microarrays | clustering | proteome | computational annotation | BE.490J | 7.91 | 7.36 | BE.490 | 20.490

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

Serving as an introduction to computational biology, this course emphasizes the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence analysis, structural analysis, and the analysis of complex biological systems. The principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction, and network modeling are covered. Students are also exposed to currently emerging research areas in the fields of computational and systems biology.

Subjects

computational biology | systems biology | bioinformatics | sequence analysis | proteomics | sequence alignment | protein folding | structure prediction | network modeling | phylogenetics | pairwise sequence comparisons | ncbi | blast | protein structure | dynamic programming | genome sequencing | DNA | RNA | x-ray crystallography | NMR | homologs | ab initio structure prediction | DNA microarrays | clustering | proteome | computational annotation | BE.490J | 7.91 | 7.36 | BE.490 | 20.490

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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aluMATTER: Crystallographic Texture in Aluminium

Description

This selection of interactive Flash movies from the award-winning aluMATTER website available to download presents method of representing, or characterising crystallographic textures. It helps to understand how crystallographic textures are formed and how they effect properties in aluminium alloys. Crystallographic texture is necessarily very complex as it describes the orientations in 3D space of thousands or millions of individual grains.

Subjects

aluminium | stereographic projection | unit cell | anisotropy | crystallography | alumatter | eaa | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/

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Minerals and the crystalline state

Description

Rocks are made of minerals and as minerals are natural crystals the geological world is mostly a crystalline world. This free course introduces the study of minerals and crystal structures using online text and interactive activities including questions and answers video clips slidecasts and a Digital Kit.

Subjects

Science | Geology | S209_1 | minerals | crystals | geology | mineralogy | crystallography | Earth sciences

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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7.91J Foundations of Computational and Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to computational biology emphasizing the fundamentals of nucleic acid and protein sequence and structural analysis; it also includes an introduction to the analysis of complex biological systems. Topics covered in the course include principles and methods used for sequence alignment, motif finding, structural modeling, structure prediction and network modeling, as well as currently emerging research areas.

Subjects

7.91 | 20.490 | 20.390 | 7.36 | 6.802 | 6.874 | HST.506 | computational biology | systems biology | bioinformatics | artificial intelligence | sequence analysis | proteomics | sequence alignment | protein folding | structure prediction | network modeling | phylogenetics | pairwise sequence comparisons | ncbi | blast | protein structure | dynamic programming | genome sequencing | DNA | RNA | x-ray crystallography | NMR | homologs | ab initio structure prediction | DNA microarrays | clustering | proteome | computational annotation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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3.60 Symmetry, Structure, and Tensor Properties of Materials (MIT)

Description

This course covers the derivation of symmetry theory; lattices, point groups, space groups, and their properties; use of symmetry in tensor representation of crystal properties, including anisotropy and representation surfaces; and applications to piezoelectricity and elasticity.

Subjects

crystallography | rotation | translation | lattice | plane | point group | space group | motif | glide plane | mirror plane | reflection | spherical trigonometry | binary compound | coordination number | ion | crystal structure | tetrahedral | octahedral | packing | monoclinic | triclinic | orthorhombic | cell | screw axis | eigenvector | stress | strain | anisotropy | anisotropic | piezoelectric

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Crystal defects illustrated in brick walls

Description

The resource includes images on how crystal defects and other concepts of crystallography can be illustrated in natural and manmade structures.

Subjects

crystallography | crystal defects | photo | the university of liverpool | corematerials | ukoer | Engineering | H000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | x-rays | symmetry | phasing | crystal structure | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | structure refinement | electron density maps | space group determination | anomalous scattering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | x-rays | symmetry | phasing | crystal structure | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | structure refinement | electron density maps | space group determination | anomalous scattering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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