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Biodiversity Consortium : Measuring Ecological Diversity 1 : full version

Description

Ecological diversity can also be measured over a range of spatial scales.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | ecology | species | biodiversity indices | abundance models | diversity models | log series model | survey | sampling | fieldwork | diversity | alpha diversity | beta diversity | gamma diversity | epsilon diversity | plant diversity | animal diversity | spatial diversity | measuring | habitats | species richness | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | species and systematics | shannon index | shannon-weiner index | simpson index | broken stick | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Biodiversity Consortium : Measuring Ecological Diversity 4 : Sampling Spatial Diversity

Description

This package looks at the spatial scales of diversity, i.e. point, alpha, beta, gamma and epsilon as well as looking at turnover diversity.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | ecology | species | biodiversity | biodiversity indices | sampling | point diversity | alpha diversity | beta diversity | gamma diversity | epsilon diversity | spatial diversity | measuring | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | species and systematics | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Biodiversity Consortium : Measuring Ecological Diversity 3 : Measuring Abundance and Diversity

Description

This package looks at how you measure ecological diversity at the regional level, and tackles more general questions relatinv to the various diversity indices and abundance models available. This package looks at species richness, relative abundance plots, diversity indices as well as covering such issues as sampling effort and the practical implications of using these statistical tests in applied ecology.

Subjects

ukoer | bioukoer | biodiversity | ecology | species | sampling effort | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | broken stick | log series model | sampling | applied ecology | survey | fieldwork | measuring | diversity | biodiversity consortium | species and systematics | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Biodiversity Consortium Kruger World 1 Raw Data

Description

Raw census data from the Biodiversity Consortium Courseware Unit 'Kruger World', with additional information on the sampling methods used to census the ungulates of Kruger National Park. Also covers some background information on indices and models. Should be used in conjunction with 'Measuring Ecological Diversity'.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | census | survey | data | statistics | fieldwork | habitats | biodiversity indices | mammals | diversity models | species | species richness | shannon index | ungulates | ecology | africa | biodiversity consortium | kruger world | worlds and ecosystems | kruger | kruger national park | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World

Description

Background information is also provided on the habitats and mammalian fauna of the Kruger National Park.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | mammals | ungulates | habitats | carnivores | simulation | field guide | identification | taxonomy | classification | africa | kruger | kruger world | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World 6 : Surveying the Mammals of Kruger

Description

You can interactively sample various habitats in the Kruger National Park, and obtain counts of the different ungulates present. These data can then be used to plot a variety of different diversity indices and abundance models. Full instructions for this sampling program are available in the courseware unit and should be consulted before use.

Subjects

ukoer | bioukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | mammals | ungulates | simulation | carnivores | field guide | biodiversity consortium | africa | kruger | kruger world | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lichen World 2 : Lichen Biology and Surveying

Description

Background information is supplied on the lichens and lichen communities sampled. Full instructions for the sampling program are provided in the courseware unit and should be consulted before use.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biology | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | habitats | simulation | species cards | taxonomy | classification | identification | lichens | fungi | gravestones | churchyards | pollution | biological monitors | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | lichen world | uk | england | yorkshire | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lichen World 3 : Raw Data

Description

Background information is supplied on the area of Yorkshire and the churchyards where the original study was carried out.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | species richness | habitats | lichens | fungi | gravestones | churchyards | biodiversity indices | diversity models | pollution | biological monitors | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | lichen world | uk | england | yorkshire | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Biodiversity Consortium : Measuring Ecological Diversity 2 : Components of Ecological Diversity

Description

Ecological diversity can also be measured over a range of spatial scales.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | ecology | species | biodiversity | habitats | diversity | spatial diversity | conservation | biodiversity consortium | species and systematics | worlds and ecosystems | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Health and environment Health and environment

Description

To be able to understand the importance of the environment for our health, we need to know a little about the interdependence between environment and humankind. This free course, Health and environment, will look at interactions between plants, animals and the physical and chemical environment, as well as considering ways in which humans have altered, and are altering this environment. First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as Health and environment. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 To be able to understand the importance of the environment for our health, we need to know a little about the interdependence between environment and humankind. This free course, Health and environment, will look at interactions between plants, animals and the physical and chemical environment, as well as considering ways in which humans have altered, and are altering this environment. First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as Health and environment. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Health Sciences | Health Sciences | health | health | genetics | genetics | biodiversity | biodiversity | pollution | pollution | ecology | ecology | diversity | diversity | global warming | global warming | SK220_2 | SK220_2

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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Banking on Biodiversity

Description

The Chief Environmentalist at the European Investment Bank talks on 'Banking on Biodiversity: the Experience of the European Investment Bank'. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

biodiversity | finance | eci | banking | banks | highlight | biodiversity | finance | eci | banking | banks | highlight

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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11.131 Educational Theory and Practice III (MIT) 11.131 Educational Theory and Practice III (MIT)

Description

This is the final course in the three course sequence (11.129, 11.130 and 11.131) that deals with the practicalities of teaching students. Our areas of study will include: educational psychology, identification of useful resources that support instruction, learning to use technology in meaningful ways in the classroom, finding more methods of motivating students, implementing differentiated instruction and obtaining a teaching job. This is the final course in the three course sequence (11.129, 11.130 and 11.131) that deals with the practicalities of teaching students. Our areas of study will include: educational psychology, identification of useful resources that support instruction, learning to use technology in meaningful ways in the classroom, finding more methods of motivating students, implementing differentiated instruction and obtaining a teaching job.

Subjects

classroom experiences | classroom experiences | student-centered classroom activities | student-centered classroom activities | student-led classes | student-led classes | issues in schools and education | issues in schools and education | observing | observing | pre-college math and science classes | pre-college math and science classes | design and implementation of curriculum | design and implementation of curriculum | diversity | diversity | standards in math and science | standards in math and science | student misconceptions | student misconceptions | methods of instruction | methods of instruction | the digital divide | the digital divide | teaching through different media | teaching through different media | student assessment | student assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.129 Educational Theory and Practice I (MIT) 11.129 Educational Theory and Practice I (MIT)

Description

This course concentrates on a core set of skills and knowledge necessary for teaching in secondary schools. Topics covered in the class include educational reform, student behavior and motivation, curriculum design, and the teaching profession. Classroom observation is a key component of the class. Assignments include readings from the educational literature, written reflections on classroom observations, and practice teaching and constructing curriculum. This is the first of a three course sequence necessary to complete the Teacher Education Program. This course concentrates on a core set of skills and knowledge necessary for teaching in secondary schools. Topics covered in the class include educational reform, student behavior and motivation, curriculum design, and the teaching profession. Classroom observation is a key component of the class. Assignments include readings from the educational literature, written reflections on classroom observations, and practice teaching and constructing curriculum. This is the first of a three course sequence necessary to complete the Teacher Education Program.

Subjects

classroom experiences | classroom experiences | student-centered classroom activities | student-centered classroom activities | student-led classes | student-led classes | issues in schools and education | issues in schools and education | observing | observing | pre-college math and science classes | pre-college math and science classes | design and implementation of curriculum | design and implementation of curriculum | diversity | diversity | standards in math and science | standards in math and science | student misconceptions | student misconceptions | methods of instruction | methods of instruction | the digital divide | the digital divide | teaching through different media | teaching through different media | student assessment | student assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.125 Exploring K-12 Classroom Teaching (MIT) 11.125 Exploring K-12 Classroom Teaching (MIT)

Description

This subject uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment. This subject uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment.

Subjects

classroom experiences | classroom experiences | student-centered classroom activities | student-centered classroom activities | student-led classes | student-led classes | issues in schools and education | issues in schools and education | observing | observing | pre-college math and science classes | pre-college math and science classes | design and implementation of curriculum | design and implementation of curriculum | diversity | diversity | standards in math and science | standards in math and science | student misconceptions | student misconceptions | methods of instruction | methods of instruction | the digital divide | the digital divide | teaching through different media | teaching through different media | student assessment | student assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21M.621 Theater and Cultural Diversity in the U.S. (MIT) 21M.621 Theater and Cultural Diversity in the U.S. (MIT)

Description

This course explores contemporary American theatrical expression as it may be organized around issues of ethnic and cultural identity. This exploration will include the analysis of performances, scripts, and video documentation, as well as the invention of original documents of theatrical expression. Class lectures and discussions will analyze samples of Native American, Chicano, African American, and Asian American theater, taking into consideration the historical and political context for the creation of these works. Performance exercises will help students identify theatrical forms and techniques used by these theaters, and how these techniques contribute to the overall goals of specific theatrical expressions. This course explores contemporary American theatrical expression as it may be organized around issues of ethnic and cultural identity. This exploration will include the analysis of performances, scripts, and video documentation, as well as the invention of original documents of theatrical expression. Class lectures and discussions will analyze samples of Native American, Chicano, African American, and Asian American theater, taking into consideration the historical and political context for the creation of these works. Performance exercises will help students identify theatrical forms and techniques used by these theaters, and how these techniques contribute to the overall goals of specific theatrical expressions.

Subjects

Theater | Theater | Culture | Culture | Diversity | Diversity | Performance | Performance | American | American | African | African | Asian | Asian | Script | Script | Video | Video | Chicano | Chicano | Native American | Native American | Political | Political | Act | Act | Dance | Dance | diversity | diversity | united states | united states | gender | gender

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.125 Exploring K-12 Clasroom Teaching (MIT) 11.125 Exploring K-12 Clasroom Teaching (MIT)

Description

Subject uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment. Subject uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment.

Subjects

classroom experiences | classroom experiences | student-centered classroom activities | student-centered classroom activities | student-led classes | student-led classes | issues in schools and education | issues in schools and education | observing | observing | pre-college math and science classes | pre-college math and science classes | design and implementation of curriculum | design and implementation of curriculum | diversity | diversity | standards in math and science | standards in math and science | student misconceptions | student misconceptions | methods of instruction | methods of instruction | the digital divide | the digital divide | teaching through different media | teaching through different media | student assessment | student assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The Ethics of Climate Change

Description

Professor John Broome discusses the moral and ethical issues that coincide with the whole topic of climate change and challenges us as to how we should be acting. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

climate | diversity | eco | climate change | challenge | ethics | carbon emissions | change | alumni weekend | climate | diversity | eco | climate change | challenge | ethics | carbon emissions | change | alumni weekend

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Ethics of Climate Change

Description

Professor John Broome discusses the moral and ethical issues that coincide with the whole topic of climate change and challenges us as to how we should be acting. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

climate | diversity | eco | climate change | challenge | ethics | carbon emissions | change | alumni weekend | climate | diversity | eco | climate change | challenge | ethics | carbon emissions | change | alumni weekend

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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OxPeace 2013: Peacebuilding through Biodiversity: Session 2B Environmental Peacebuilding

Description

Chris Naylor, A Rocha, gives a talk for the OxPeace 2013 conference: The Future of Peace Building. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

biodiversity | peace | Environment | building peace | oxpeace | war | conflict | biodiversity | peace | Environment | building peace | oxpeace | war | conflict

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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17.441 International Politics and Climate Change (MIT) 17.441 International Politics and Climate Change (MIT)

Description

This course examines the interconnections of international politics and climate change. Beginning with an analysis of the strategic and environmental legacies of the 20th Century, it explores the politicization of the natural environment, the role of science in this process, and the gradual shifts in political concerns to incorporate "nature". Two general thrusts of climate-politics connections are pursued, namely those related to (a) conflict – focusing on threats to security due to environmental dislocations and (b) cooperation – focusing on the politics of international treaties that have contributed to emergent processes for global accord in response to evidence of climate change. The course concludes by addressing the question of: "What Next?" This course examines the interconnections of international politics and climate change. Beginning with an analysis of the strategic and environmental legacies of the 20th Century, it explores the politicization of the natural environment, the role of science in this process, and the gradual shifts in political concerns to incorporate "nature". Two general thrusts of climate-politics connections are pursued, namely those related to (a) conflict – focusing on threats to security due to environmental dislocations and (b) cooperation – focusing on the politics of international treaties that have contributed to emergent processes for global accord in response to evidence of climate change. The course concludes by addressing the question of: "What Next?"

Subjects

international politics | international politics | climate change | climate change | biodiversity | biodiversity | Kyoto Protocol | Kyoto Protocol | Tragedy of the Commons | Tragedy of the Commons | economics | economics | environment | environment | human population | human population | international relations | international relations | global | global | United Nations (UN) | United Nations (UN) | environmental cooperation | environmental cooperation | sustainable energy | sustainable energy | sustainability | sustainability | Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) | Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) | environmental assessment | environmental assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.506 Ethnic Politics II (MIT) 17.506 Ethnic Politics II (MIT)

Description

This course is designed mainly for political science graduate students conducting or considering conducting research on identity politics. While 17.504 Ethnic Politics I is designed as a primarily theoretical course, Ethnic Politics II switches the focus to methods. It aims to familiarize the student with the current conventional approaches as well as major challenges to them. The course discusses definition and measurement issues as well as briefly addressing survey techniques and modeling. This course is designed mainly for political science graduate students conducting or considering conducting research on identity politics. While 17.504 Ethnic Politics I is designed as a primarily theoretical course, Ethnic Politics II switches the focus to methods. It aims to familiarize the student with the current conventional approaches as well as major challenges to them. The course discusses definition and measurement issues as well as briefly addressing survey techniques and modeling.

Subjects

measurement | measurement | ethnic diversity | ethnic diversity | fluidity | fluidity | identity | identity | social identity theory | social identity theory | mechanisms of group comparison | mechanisms of group comparison | memory | memory | death | death | stigma | stigma | prejudice | prejudice | contact hypothesis | contact hypothesis | cascade models | cascade models | identity simulation | identity simulation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.042 Citizenship and Pluralism (MIT) 17.042 Citizenship and Pluralism (MIT)

Description

This course will serve as both an introduction to contemporary political philosophy and a way to explore issues of pluralism and multiculturalism. Racial and ethnic groups, national minorities, aboriginals, women, sexual minorities, and other groups have organized to highlight injustice and demand recognition and accommodation on the basis of their differences. In practice, democratic states have granted a variety of group-differentiated rights, such as exemptions from generally applicable laws, special representation rights, language rights, or limited self-government rights, to different types of groups. This course will examine how different theories of citizenship address the challenges raised by different forms of pluralism. We will focus in particular on the following questions: Do This course will serve as both an introduction to contemporary political philosophy and a way to explore issues of pluralism and multiculturalism. Racial and ethnic groups, national minorities, aboriginals, women, sexual minorities, and other groups have organized to highlight injustice and demand recognition and accommodation on the basis of their differences. In practice, democratic states have granted a variety of group-differentiated rights, such as exemptions from generally applicable laws, special representation rights, language rights, or limited self-government rights, to different types of groups. This course will examine how different theories of citizenship address the challenges raised by different forms of pluralism. We will focus in particular on the following questions: Do

Subjects

citizenship | citizenship | ethnicity | ethnicity | identity | identity | democracy | democracy | nations | nations | politics | politics | class differentiation | class differentiation | pluralism | pluralism | national unity | national unity | contemporary | contemporary | political | political | philosophy | philosophy | multiculturalism | multiculturalism | racial | racial | ethnic | ethnic | groups | groups | national | national | minorities | minorities | aboriginals | aboriginals | women | women | sexual | sexual | injustice | injustice | recognition | recognition | accommodation | accommodation | democratic | democratic | states | states | group-differentiated | group-differentiated | rights | rights | exemptions | exemptions | laws | laws | representation | representation | language | language | limited | limited | self-government | self-government | theories | theories | justice | justice | conflict | conflict | liberalequality | liberalequality | citizens | citizens | multi-religious | multi-religious | multicultural | multicultural | society | society | diversity | diversity | communitarian | communitarian | civic | civic | republican | republican | cosmopolitan | cosmopolitan | pluralist | pluralist | radical | radical | postmodern | postmodern | American | American | gender | gender | class | class | differentiation | differentiation | liberal | liberal | equality | equality | unity | unity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.32 Environmental Politics and Policy (MIT) 17.32 Environmental Politics and Policy (MIT)

Description

"Environmental Politics & Policy" explores the workings of environmental policymaking in the United States. What are the big issues facing environmental policy? How did we end up with the policies we have today? Why does it take a crisis to move environmental policy forward? Why do political factors - economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections, etc. - always seem to overwhelm sound scientific and engineering judgment in determining policy outcomes? Case studies ranging from cleaning up toxic waste pollution to endangered species protection probe the clashes between science and politics at local, state, and federal levels. "Environmental Politics & Policy" explores the workings of environmental policymaking in the United States. What are the big issues facing environmental policy? How did we end up with the policies we have today? Why does it take a crisis to move environmental policy forward? Why do political factors - economic interests, social and political values, bureaucratic styles, ideologies, elections, etc. - always seem to overwhelm sound scientific and engineering judgment in determining policy outcomes? Case studies ranging from cleaning up toxic waste pollution to endangered species protection probe the clashes between science and politics at local, state, and federal levels.

Subjects

environmental policy | environmental policy | environmentalism | environmentalism | Clean Air Act | Clean Air Act | Clean Water Act | Clean Water Act | wetlands | wetlands | endangered species | endangered species | biodiversity | biodiversity | toxic waste | toxic waste | public lands | public lands | urban sprawl | urban sprawl | climate change | climate change | global warming | global warming

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT) 1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT)

Description

We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite. We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite.

Subjects

biosphere | biosphere | geosphere | geosphere | atmosphere | atmosphere | photosynthesis | photosynthesis | respiration | respiration | hydrologic cycle | hydrologic cycle | carbon cycle | carbon cycle | nitrogen cycles | nitrogen cycles | ecosystems | ecosystems | regulation and abundance of organisms | regulation and abundance of organisms | evolution | evolution | natural selection | natural selection | metabolic diversity | metabolic diversity | productivity | productivity | trophic dynamics | trophic dynamics | models of population growth | models of population growth | competition | competition | mutualism | mutualism | predation. | predation.

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.125 Introduction to Education: Understanding and Evaluating Education (MIT) 11.125 Introduction to Education: Understanding and Evaluating Education (MIT)

Description

This class uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment. This class uses K-12 classroom experiences, along with student-centered classroom activities and student-led classes, to explore issues in schools and education. Students in this course spend time each week observing pre-college math and science classes. Topics of study include design and implementation of curriculum, addressing the needs of a diversity of students, standards in math and science, student misconceptions, methods of instruction, the digital divide, teaching through different media, and student assessment.

Subjects

classroom experiences | classroom experiences | student-centered classroom activities | student-centered classroom activities | student-led classes | student-led classes | issues in schools and education | issues in schools and education | observing | observing | pre-college math and science classes | pre-college math and science classes | design and implementation of curriculum | design and implementation of curriculum | diversity | diversity | standards in math and science | standards in math and science | student misconceptions | student misconceptions | methods of instruction | methods of instruction | the digital divide | the digital divide | teaching through different media | teaching through different media | student assessment | student assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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