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12.517 Dynamics of Complex Systems: Complexity in Ecology (MIT) 12.517 Dynamics of Complex Systems: Complexity in Ecology (MIT)

Description

In this class we will critically review both classical works and recent literature on complexity in ecology. The emphasis will be on developing quantitative theories in the context of experimental and observational data. We will meet twice weekly for roundtable discussions. In this class we will critically review both classical works and recent literature on complexity in ecology. The emphasis will be on developing quantitative theories in the context of experimental and observational data. We will meet twice weekly for roundtable discussions.

Subjects

complex systems | complex systems | length and time scales | length and time scales | Ecology biodiversity | Ecology biodiversity | ecosystem stability | ecosystem stability | environmental fluctuations | environmental fluctuations | speciation | speciation | extinction | extinction

License

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1.018J Fundamentals of Ecology (MIT) 1.018J Fundamentals of Ecology (MIT)

Description

This is a basic subject in ecology that seeks to improve the understanding of the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems and the regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms. The course covers productivity and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems, trophic dynamics, community structure and stability, competition and predation, evolution and natural selection, population growth and physiological ecology. There is particular emphasis placed on aquatic systems. This is a basic subject in ecology that seeks to improve the understanding of the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems and the regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms. The course covers productivity and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems, trophic dynamics, community structure and stability, competition and predation, evolution and natural selection, population growth and physiological ecology. There is particular emphasis placed on aquatic systems.

Subjects

ecology | ecology | flow of energy | flow of energy | flow of materials | flow of materials | ecosystems | ecosystems | distribution and abundance of organisms | distribution and abundance of organisms | productivity cycles | productivity cycles | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | trophic dynamics | trophic dynamics | community structure and stability | community structure and stability | competition and predation | competition and predation | evolution and natural selection | evolution and natural selection | population growth | population growth | physiological ecology | physiological ecology | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | community structure | community structure | community stability | community stability | competition | competition | predation | predation | distribution | distribution | organisms | organisms | evolution | evolution | natural selection | natural selection | energy flow | energy flow | 1.018 | 1.018 | 7.30 | 7.30

License

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Eutrophication Eutrophication

Description

Managing eutrophication is a key element in maintaining the earths biodiversity. Eutrophication is a process mostly associated with human activity whereby ecosystems accumulate minerals. This free course explains how this process occurs, what its effects on different types of habitat are, and how it might be managed. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Eutrophication. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 Managing eutrophication is a key element in maintaining the earths biodiversity. Eutrophication is a process mostly associated with human activity whereby ecosystems accumulate minerals. This free course explains how this process occurs, what its effects on different types of habitat are, and how it might be managed. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Eutrophication. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Environmental Science | Environmental Science | biodiversity | biodiversity | phytoplankton | phytoplankton | ecosystem | ecosystem | algae | algae | nitrogen | nitrogen | phosphorus | phosphorus | S216_1 | S216_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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11.959 Reforming Natural Resources Governance: Failings of Scientific Rationalism and Alternatives for Building Common Ground (MIT) 11.959 Reforming Natural Resources Governance: Failings of Scientific Rationalism and Alternatives for Building Common Ground (MIT)

Description

For the last century, precepts of scientific management and administrative rationality have concentrated power in the hands of technical specialists, which in recent decades has contributed to widespread disenfranchisement and discontent among stakeholders in natural resources cases. In this seminar we examine the limitations of scientific management as a model both for governance and for gathering and using information, and describe alternative methods for informing and organizing decision-making processes. We feature cases involving large carnivores in the West (mountain lions and grizzly bears), Northeast coastal fisheries, and adaptive management of the Colorado River. There will be nightly readings and a short written assignment. For the last century, precepts of scientific management and administrative rationality have concentrated power in the hands of technical specialists, which in recent decades has contributed to widespread disenfranchisement and discontent among stakeholders in natural resources cases. In this seminar we examine the limitations of scientific management as a model both for governance and for gathering and using information, and describe alternative methods for informing and organizing decision-making processes. We feature cases involving large carnivores in the West (mountain lions and grizzly bears), Northeast coastal fisheries, and adaptive management of the Colorado River. There will be nightly readings and a short written assignment.

Subjects

role-play simulation | role-play simulation | policymakers | policymakers | Cape Wind controversy | Cape Wind controversy | wind farms | wind farms | wind farm | wind farm | ecosystems | ecosystems | natural resources management | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science organizations | science | science | decision-making | decision-making | science agencies | science agencies | National Environmental Policy Act | National Environmental Policy Act | NEPA | NEPA | scientists | scientists | society | society | collaborative approaches | collaborative approaches | joint fact finding | joint fact finding | environment | environment | policy making | policy making | decision making | decision making | ethics in science | ethics in science | values | values | environmental policy | environmental policy | collaborative learning | collaborative learning | local and indigenous knowledge | local and indigenous knowledge | adaptive management | adaptive management | adaptive governance | adaptive governance | eco-system management | eco-system management | USGS | USGS | United States Geological Survey | United States Geological Survey

License

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15.965 Technology Strategy for System Design and Management (MIT) 15.965 Technology Strategy for System Design and Management (MIT)

Description

This course provides you with a framework to understand the structure and dynamics of high-tech businesses, together with an approach for their effective strategic management. It is focused on domains in which systems are important, because either or both products are parts of larger and more complex systems, or they are comprised of systems. The domains covered include computing, communications (in particular the mobile and IP domains), consumer electronics, industrial networking, automotive, aerospace and medical devices. The course will be of particular interest to those interested in managing a business in which technology will likely play a major role, and also to those interested in investing in or providing counsel to these businesses. The emphasis throughout is on the development a This course provides you with a framework to understand the structure and dynamics of high-tech businesses, together with an approach for their effective strategic management. It is focused on domains in which systems are important, because either or both products are parts of larger and more complex systems, or they are comprised of systems. The domains covered include computing, communications (in particular the mobile and IP domains), consumer electronics, industrial networking, automotive, aerospace and medical devices. The course will be of particular interest to those interested in managing a business in which technology will likely play a major role, and also to those interested in investing in or providing counsel to these businesses. The emphasis throughout is on the development a

Subjects

innovation | innovation | strategy | strategy | open source | open source | demand opportunity | demand opportunity | technology strategy | technology strategy | life-cycles | life-cycles | product development | product development | business ecosystems | business ecosystems | disruptive technologies | disruptive technologies | standards | standards | marketing | marketing | open innovation | open innovation | system design | system design | value capture | value capture | business implementation | business implementation

License

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11.941 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part I (MIT) 11.941 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part I (MIT)

Description

11.941 and 11.942 make up a one-year seminar. The goal of this seminar is to explore the role of science and scientists in ecosystems and natural resources management focusing on joint fact finding as a new approach to environmental policy-making. Increasingly scientists and science organizations are confronting a conundrum: Why is science often ignored in important societal decisions even as the call for decisions based on sound science escalates? One reason is that decision-making is often driven by a variety of nonscientific, adversarial, and stakeholder dynamics. Thus, even though science helps inform choices, it is only one of many values and interests considered by each stakeholder. In response to this emerging challenge, scientists, and science agencies such as the U.S. Geologi 11.941 and 11.942 make up a one-year seminar. The goal of this seminar is to explore the role of science and scientists in ecosystems and natural resources management focusing on joint fact finding as a new approach to environmental policy-making. Increasingly scientists and science organizations are confronting a conundrum: Why is science often ignored in important societal decisions even as the call for decisions based on sound science escalates? One reason is that decision-making is often driven by a variety of nonscientific, adversarial, and stakeholder dynamics. Thus, even though science helps inform choices, it is only one of many values and interests considered by each stakeholder. In response to this emerging challenge, scientists, and science agencies such as the U.S. Geologi

Subjects

ecosystems | ecosystems | natural resources management | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science organizations | science | science | decision-making | decision-making | science agencies | science agencies | U.S. Geological Survey | U.S. Geological Survey | environmental conflicts | environmental conflicts | Cape Wind controversy | Cape Wind controversy | disputes | disputes | joint fact finding | joint fact finding | environmental policy | environmental policy

License

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11.952 Gaoming Studio - China (MIT) 11.952 Gaoming Studio - China (MIT)

Description

The studio will focus on the district of Gaoming, located in the northwest of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) - the fastest growing and most productive region of China. The District has recently completed a planning effort in which several design institutes and a Hong Kong planning firm prepared ideas for a new central area near the river. The class will complement these efforts by focusing on planning and design options on the waterfront of the proposed new district and ways of integrating water/hydrological factors into all aspects and land uses of a modern city (residential, commercial, industrial) - including watershed and natural ecosystem protection, economic and recreational activities, transportation, and tourism. The studio will focus on the district of Gaoming, located in the northwest of the Pearl River Delta (PRD) - the fastest growing and most productive region of China. The District has recently completed a planning effort in which several design institutes and a Hong Kong planning firm prepared ideas for a new central area near the river. The class will complement these efforts by focusing on planning and design options on the waterfront of the proposed new district and ways of integrating water/hydrological factors into all aspects and land uses of a modern city (residential, commercial, industrial) - including watershed and natural ecosystem protection, economic and recreational activities, transportation, and tourism.

Subjects

watershed and natural ecosystem protection | watershed and natural ecosystem protection | economic development | economic development | recreation | recreation | transportation | transportation | tourism | tourism | urban design | urban design | Gaoming | China | Gaoming | China | hydrology | hydrology | ecology | ecology | cultural planning | cultural planning | policy | policy | sustainability | sustainability | international development | international development | regional planning | regional planning

License

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11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT) 11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT)

Description

This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulation, and the importance of expertise vs. indigenous knowledge. Its emphasis is placed on environmental planning techniques and strategies. Related topics include the management of sustainability, the politics of ecosystem management, environmental governance and the changing role of civil society, ecological economics, integrated assessment (combining environmental impact assessment (EIA) and risk assessment), joint fact finding in science-intensive policy disputes, environmental justice in poor communities of color, and environmental dispute resolution. This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulation, and the importance of expertise vs. indigenous knowledge. Its emphasis is placed on environmental planning techniques and strategies. Related topics include the management of sustainability, the politics of ecosystem management, environmental governance and the changing role of civil society, ecological economics, integrated assessment (combining environmental impact assessment (EIA) and risk assessment), joint fact finding in science-intensive policy disputes, environmental justice in poor communities of color, and environmental dispute resolution.

Subjects

Experimental investigations of speech processes. Topics: measurement of articulatory movements | Experimental investigations of speech processes. Topics: measurement of articulatory movements | measurements of pressures and airflows in speech production | measurements of pressures and airflows in speech production | computer-aided waveform analysis and spectral analysis of speech | computer-aided waveform analysis and spectral analysis of speech | synthesis of speech | synthesis of speech | perception and discrimination of speechlike sounds | perception and discrimination of speechlike sounds | speech prosody | speech prosody | models for speech recognition | models for speech recognition | speech disorders | speech disorders | other topics | other topics | environment | environment | environmental planning | environmental planning | environmental policy | environmental policy | ethics | ethics | land use planning | land use planning | environmental management | environmental management | growth | growth | scarcity | scarcity | command and control | command and control | market forces | market forces | utilitarianism | utilitarianism | deep ecology | deep ecology | expert knowledge | expert knowledge | indigeneous knowledge | indigeneous knowledge | land conservation | land conservation | sustainable design | sustainable design | growth management | growth management | hazard mitigation | hazard mitigation | ecosystem management | ecosystem management | geospatial data | geospatial data | stormwater management | stormwater management | runoff pollution | runoff pollution | landscape ecology | landscape ecology | biodiversity | biodiversity | integrated assessment | integrated assessment | professional practice | professional practice

License

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1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT) 1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT)

Description

We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite. We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite.

Subjects

biosphere | biosphere | geosphere | geosphere | atmosphere | atmosphere | photosynthesis | photosynthesis | respiration | respiration | hydrologic cycle | hydrologic cycle | carbon cycle | carbon cycle | nitrogen cycles | nitrogen cycles | ecosystems | ecosystems | regulation and abundance of organisms | regulation and abundance of organisms | evolution | evolution | natural selection | natural selection | metabolic diversity | metabolic diversity | productivity | productivity | trophic dynamics | trophic dynamics | models of population growth | models of population growth | competition | competition | mutualism | mutualism | predation. | predation.

License

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11.942 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part II (MIT) 11.942 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part II (MIT)

Description

This course makes up the second half of a year-long seminar on Joint Fact Finding in Science-Intensive Disputes. In 11.941, the first half of the seminar, students analyzed and discussed cases that involved or that should have involved Joint Fact Finding of various kinds. In this portion, students concentrate on gathering information to assist in resolving the Cape Wind project, the dispute concerning the placement of wind farms in waters adjacent to Nantucket. Students will lay the groundwork for a collaborative project that includes Federal and State agencies, academic institutions and non-profits. This course makes up the second half of a year-long seminar on Joint Fact Finding in Science-Intensive Disputes. In 11.941, the first half of the seminar, students analyzed and discussed cases that involved or that should have involved Joint Fact Finding of various kinds. In this portion, students concentrate on gathering information to assist in resolving the Cape Wind project, the dispute concerning the placement of wind farms in waters adjacent to Nantucket. Students will lay the groundwork for a collaborative project that includes Federal and State agencies, academic institutions and non-profits.

Subjects

role-play simulation | role-play simulation | policymakers | policymakers | Cape Wind controversy | Cape Wind controversy | wind farms | wind farms | windfarm | windfarm | ecosystems | ecosystems | natural resources management | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science organizations | science | science | decision-making | decision-making | science agencies | science agencies | National Environmental Policy Act | National Environmental Policy Act | NEPA | NEPA

License

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Introduction to the Environmental Change Institute

Description

Professor Jim Hall, Director of the ECI, gives a brief introduction to the work of the University of Oxford's interdisciplinary research institute looking into the processes, solutions and partnerships relating to global environmental change.

Subjects

environment | climate | energy | ecosystems | food | water | ukoer | environment | climate | energy | ecosystems | food | water

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Political Economy of Ecosystem Services

Description

Professor Joshua Farley (Vermont University; ODID-ECI Astor Visiting Lecturer) gives a entitled "The Political Economy of Ecosystem Services". Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | eci | ecosystem | politics | eci | ecosystem | 2012-04-03

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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12.009J Theoretical Environmental Analysis (MIT) 12.009J Theoretical Environmental Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course analyzes cooperative processes that shape the natural environment, now and in the geologic past. It emphasizes the development of theoretical models that relate the physical and biological worlds, the comparison of theory to observational data, and associated mathematical methods. This course analyzes cooperative processes that shape the natural environment, now and in the geologic past. It emphasizes the development of theoretical models that relate the physical and biological worlds, the comparison of theory to observational data, and associated mathematical methods.

Subjects

natural environment | natural environment | carbon cycle dynamics | carbon cycle dynamics | ecosystem structure | ecosystem structure | stability and complexity | stability and complexity | mass extinctions | mass extinctions | biosphere-geosphere coevolution | biosphere-geosphere coevolution | climate change | climate change

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.009 Theoretical Environmental Analysis (MIT) 12.009 Theoretical Environmental Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course analyzes cooperative processes that shape the natural environment, now and in the geologic past. It emphasizes the development of theoretical models that relate the physical and biological worlds, the comparison of theory to observational data, and associated mathematical methods. Topics include carbon cycle dynamics; ecosystem structure, stability and complexity; mass extinctions; biosphere-geosphere coevolution; and climate change. Employs techniques such as stability analysis; scaling; null model construction; time series and network analysis. This course analyzes cooperative processes that shape the natural environment, now and in the geologic past. It emphasizes the development of theoretical models that relate the physical and biological worlds, the comparison of theory to observational data, and associated mathematical methods. Topics include carbon cycle dynamics; ecosystem structure, stability and complexity; mass extinctions; biosphere-geosphere coevolution; and climate change. Employs techniques such as stability analysis; scaling; null model construction; time series and network analysis.

Subjects

natural environment | natural environment | carbon cycle dynamics | carbon cycle dynamics | ecosystem structure | ecosystem structure | stability and complexity | stability and complexity | mass extinctions | mass extinctions | biosphere-geosphere coevolution | biosphere-geosphere coevolution | climate change | climate change

License

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Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems

Description

What is ecology and why is it important to our understanding of the world around us? This free course, Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems, looks at how we can study ecosystems to explore the effect that humans are having on the environment. First published on Fri, 18 Mar 2016 as Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 What is ecology and why is it important to our understanding of the world around us? This free course, Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems, looks at how we can study ecosystems to explore the effect that humans are having on the environment. First published on Fri, 18 Mar 2016 as Introducing the environment: Ecology and ecosystems. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Environmental Studies | Environmental Studies | ecology | ecology | ecosystems | ecosystems | Y181_1 | Y181_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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Biodiversity Consortium Kruger World 1 Raw Data

Description

Raw census data from the Biodiversity Consortium Courseware Unit 'Kruger World', with additional information on the sampling methods used to census the ungulates of Kruger National Park. Also covers some background information on indices and models. Should be used in conjunction with 'Measuring Ecological Diversity'.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | census | survey | data | statistics | fieldwork | habitats | biodiversity indices | mammals | diversity models | species | species richness | shannon index | ungulates | ecology | africa | biodiversity consortium | kruger world | worlds and ecosystems | kruger | kruger national park | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World

Description

Background information is also provided on the habitats and mammalian fauna of the Kruger National Park.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | mammals | ungulates | habitats | carnivores | simulation | field guide | identification | taxonomy | classification | africa | kruger | kruger world | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World 3 : Overview

Description

This package provides background information to the Kruger National Park in terms of its ecology. This could then be used either in conjunction with a fieldguide on Kruger's wildlife or could be used as a partner to a course on Kruger's botanical wealth.

Subjects

ukoer | bioukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | ecology | species richness | species | habitats | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | africa | kruger | kruger world | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World 4 : Mammals

Description

It explores their basic ecology and provides a set of questions that the student must find the answer to by looking through the course materials and exploring the web.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | fieldwork | census | survey | ecology | species | mammals | ungulates | carnivores | field guide | identification | taxonomy | classification | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | africa | kruger | kruger world | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Kruger World 6 : Surveying the Mammals of Kruger

Description

You can interactively sample various habitats in the Kruger National Park, and obtain counts of the different ungulates present. These data can then be used to plot a variety of different diversity indices and abundance models. Full instructions for this sampling program are available in the courseware unit and should be consulted before use.

Subjects

ukoer | bioukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | mammals | ungulates | simulation | carnivores | field guide | biodiversity consortium | africa | kruger | kruger world | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lichen World 1 : Lichen Biology

Description

This package provides background information on lichens and lichen communities, using examples from the larger 'Lichen World' full version to illustrate lichen ecology studies.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | biology | lichens | fungi | classification | taxonomy | identification | pollution | biological monitors | ecology | census | survey | fieldwork | species richness | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | lichen world | united kingdom | england | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lichen World 2 : Lichen Biology and Surveying

Description

Background information is supplied on the lichens and lichen communities sampled. Full instructions for the sampling program are provided in the courseware unit and should be consulted before use.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | biology | biodiversity indices | diversity models | species richness | species | habitats | simulation | species cards | taxonomy | classification | identification | lichens | fungi | gravestones | churchyards | pollution | biological monitors | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | shannon index | lichen world | uk | england | yorkshire | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lichen World 3 : Raw Data

Description

Background information is supplied on the area of Yorkshire and the churchyards where the original study was carried out.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | biodiversity | fieldwork | census | survey | data | ecology | statistics | species richness | habitats | lichens | fungi | gravestones | churchyards | biodiversity indices | diversity models | pollution | biological monitors | biodiversity consortium | worlds and ecosystems | lichen world | uk | england | yorkshire | shannon index | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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11.941 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part I (MIT)

Description

11.941 and 11.942 make up a one-year seminar. The goal of this seminar is to explore the role of science and scientists in ecosystems and natural resources management focusing on joint fact finding as a new approach to environmental policy-making. Increasingly scientists and science organizations are confronting a conundrum: Why is science often ignored in important societal decisions even as the call for decisions based on sound science escalates? One reason is that decision-making is often driven by a variety of nonscientific, adversarial, and stakeholder dynamics. Thus, even though science helps inform choices, it is only one of many values and interests considered by each stakeholder. In response to this emerging challenge, scientists, and science agencies such as the U.S. Geologi

Subjects

ecosystems | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science | decision-making | science agencies | U.S. Geological Survey | environmental conflicts | Cape Wind controversy | disputes | joint fact finding | environmental policy

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.942 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part II (MIT)

Description

This course makes up the second half of a year-long seminar on Joint Fact Finding in Science-Intensive Disputes. In 11.941, the first half of the seminar, students analyzed and discussed cases that involved or that should have involved Joint Fact Finding of various kinds. In this portion, students concentrate on gathering information to assist in resolving the Cape Wind project, the dispute concerning the placement of wind farms in waters adjacent to Nantucket. Students will lay the groundwork for a collaborative project that includes Federal and State agencies, academic institutions and non-profits.

Subjects

role-play simulation | policymakers | Cape Wind controversy | wind farms | windfarm | ecosystems | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science | decision-making | science agencies | National Environmental Policy Act | NEPA

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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