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18.337J Parallel Computing (MIT) 18.337J Parallel Computing (MIT)

Description

This is an advanced interdisciplinary introduction to applied parallel computing on modern supercomputers. It has a hands-on emphasis on understanding the realities and myths of what is possible on the world's fastest machines. We will make prominent use of the Julia Language, a free, open-source, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing. This is an advanced interdisciplinary introduction to applied parallel computing on modern supercomputers. It has a hands-on emphasis on understanding the realities and myths of what is possible on the world's fastest machines. We will make prominent use of the Julia Language, a free, open-source, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing.

Subjects

cloud computing | cloud computing | dense linear algebra | dense linear algebra | sparse linear algebra | sparse linear algebra | N-body problems | N-body problems | multigrid | multigrid | fast-multipole | fast-multipole | wavelets | wavelets | Fourier transforms | Fourier transforms | partitioning | partitioning | mesh generation | mesh generation | applications oriented architecture | applications oriented architecture | parallel programming paradigms | parallel programming paradigms | MPI | MPI | data parallel systems | data parallel systems | Star-P | Star-P | parallel Python | parallel Python | parallel Matlab | parallel Matlab | graphics processors | graphics processors | virtualization | virtualization | caches | caches | vector processors | vector processors | VHLLs | VHLLs | Very High Level Languages | Very High Level Languages | Julia programming language | Julia programming language | distributed parallel execution | distributed parallel execution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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IV (MIT) IV (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures, AV faculty introductions, AV special element video. The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures, AV faculty introductions, AV special element video. The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.

Subjects

Unified | Unified | Unified Engineering | Unified Engineering | aerospace | aerospace | CDIO | CDIO | C-D-I-O | C-D-I-O | conceive | conceive | design | design | implement | implement | operate | operate | team | team | team-based | team-based | discipline | discipline | materials | materials | structures | structures | materials and structures | materials and structures | computers | computers | programming | programming | computers and programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluids | fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | propulsion | propulsion | signals | signals | systems | systems | signals and systems | signals and systems | systems problems | systems problems | fundamentals | fundamentals | technical communication | technical communication | graphical communication | graphical communication | communication | communication | reading | reading | research | research | experimentation | experimentation | personal response system | personal response system | prs | prs | active learning | active learning | First law | First law | first law of thermodynamics | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy | energy conversion | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | heat | work | work | thermal efficiency | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | forms of energy | energy exchange | energy exchange | processes | processes | heat engines | heat engines | engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | energy flow | flows | flows | path-dependence | path-dependence | path-independence | path-independence | reversibility | reversibility | irreversibility | irreversibility | state | state | thermodynamic state | thermodynamic state | performance | performance | ideal cycle | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | simple heat engine | cycles | cycles | thermal pressures | thermal pressures | temperatures | temperatures | linear static networks | linear static networks | loop method | loop method | node method | node method | linear dynamic networks | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | classical methods | state methods | state methods | state concepts | state concepts | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | resistive circuits | sources | sources | voltages | voltages | currents | currents | Thevinin | Thevinin | Norton | Norton | initial value problems | initial value problems | RLC networks | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | characteristic vectors | transfer function | transfer function | ada | ada | ada programming | ada programming | programming language | programming language | software systems | software systems | programming style | programming style | computer architecture | computer architecture | program language evolution | program language evolution | classification | classification | numerical computation | numerical computation | number representation systems | number representation systems | assembly | assembly | SimpleSIM | SimpleSIM | RISC | RISC | CISC | CISC | operating systems | operating systems | single user | single user | multitasking | multitasking | multiprocessing | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | domain-specific classification | recursive | recursive | execution time | execution time | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | fluid flow | mach | mach | reynolds | reynolds | conservation | conservation | conservation principles | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | continuity | continuity | inviscid | inviscid | steady flow | steady flow | simple bodies | simple bodies | airfoils | airfoils | wings | wings | channels | channels | aerodynamics | aerodynamics | forces | forces | moments | moments | equilibrium | equilibrium | freebody diagram | freebody diagram | free-body | free-body | free body | free body | planar force systems | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | equipollence | support reactions | support reactions | reactions | reactions | static determinance | static determinance | determinate systems | determinate systems | truss analysis | truss analysis | trusses | trusses | method of joints | method of joints | method of sections | method of sections | statically indeterminate | statically indeterminate | three great principles | three great principles | 3 great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | coordinate rotation | stress | stress | extensional stress | extensional stress | shear stress | shear stress | notation | notation | plane stress | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | stress transformation | mohr | mohr | mohr's circle | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stress | principal stresses | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | extreme shear stress | strain | strain | extensional strain | extensional strain | shear strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | strain-displacement | compatibility | compatibility | strain transformation | strain transformation | transformation of strain | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | material properties | classes of materials | classes of materials | bulk material properties | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | structures of materials | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | packing of atoms | atomic packing | atomic packing | crystals | crystals | crystal structures | crystal structures | polymers | polymers | estimate of moduli | estimate of moduli | moduli | moduli | composites | composites | composite materials | composite materials | modulus limited design | modulus limited design | material selection | material selection | materials selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | anisotropy | orthotropy | orthotropy | measurements | measurements | engineering notation | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke | Hooke's law | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | multi-disciplinary | models | models | engineering systems | engineering systems | experiments | experiments | investigations | investigations | experimental error | experimental error | design evaluation | design evaluation | evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | trade studies | effects of engineering | effects of engineering | social context | social context | engineering drawings | engineering drawings

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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IV (MIT) IV (MIT)

Description

The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files

Subjects

Unified | Unified | Unified Engineering | Unified Engineering | aerospace | aerospace | CDIO | CDIO | C-D-I-O | C-D-I-O | conceive | conceive | design | design | implement | implement | operate | operate | team | team | team-based | team-based | discipline | discipline | materials | materials | structures | structures | materials and structures | materials and structures | computers | computers | programming | programming | computers and programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluids | fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | propulsion | propulsion | signals | signals | systems | systems | signals and systems | signals and systems | systems problems | systems problems | fundamentals | fundamentals | technical communication | technical communication | graphical communication | graphical communication | communication | communication | reading | reading | research | research | experimentation | experimentation | personal response system | personal response system | prs | prs | active learning | active learning | First law | First law | first law of thermodynamics | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy | energy conversion | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | heat | work | work | thermal efficiency | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | forms of energy | energy exchange | energy exchange | processes | processes | heat engines | heat engines | engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | energy flow | flows | flows | path-dependence | path-dependence | path-independence | path-independence | reversibility | reversibility | irreversibility | irreversibility | state | state | thermodynamic state | thermodynamic state | performance | performance | ideal cycle | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | simple heat engine | cycles | cycles | thermal pressures | thermal pressures | temperatures | temperatures | linear static networks | linear static networks | loop method | loop method | node method | node method | linear dynamic networks | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | classical methods | state methods | state methods | state concepts | state concepts | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | resistive circuits | sources | sources | voltages | voltages | currents | currents | Thevinin | Thevinin | Norton | Norton | initial value problems | initial value problems | RLC networks | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | characteristic vectors | transfer function | transfer function | ada | ada | ada programming | ada programming | programming language | programming language | software systems | software systems | programming style | programming style | computer architecture | computer architecture | program language evolution | program language evolution | classification | classification | numerical computation | numerical computation | number representation systems | number representation systems | assembly | assembly | SimpleSIM | SimpleSIM | RISC | RISC | CISC | CISC | operating systems | operating systems | single user | single user | multitasking | multitasking | multiprocessing | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | domain-specific classification | recursive | recursive | execution time | execution time | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | fluid flow | mach | mach | reynolds | reynolds | conservation | conservation | conservation principles | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | continuity | continuity | inviscid | inviscid | steady flow | steady flow | simple bodies | simple bodies | airfoils | airfoils | wings | wings | channels | channels | aerodynamics | aerodynamics | forces | forces | moments | moments | equilibrium | equilibrium | freebody diagram | freebody diagram | free-body | free-body | free body | free body | planar force systems | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | equipollence | support reactions | support reactions | reactions | reactions | static determinance | static determinance | determinate systems | determinate systems | truss analysis | truss analysis | trusses | trusses | method of joints | method of joints | method of sections | method of sections | statically indeterminate | statically indeterminate | three great principles | three great principles | 3 great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | coordinate rotation | stress | stress | extensional stress | extensional stress | shear stress | shear stress | notation | notation | plane stress | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | stress transformation | mohr | mohr | mohr's circle | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stress | principal stresses | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | extreme shear stress | strain | strain | extensional strain | extensional strain | shear strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | strain-displacement | compatibility | compatibility | strain transformation | strain transformation | transformation of strain | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | material properties | classes of materials | classes of materials | bulk material properties | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | structures of materials | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | packing of atoms | atomic packing | atomic packing | crystals | crystals | crystal structures | crystal structures | polymers | polymers | estimate of moduli | estimate of moduli | moduli | moduli | composites | composites | composite materials | composite materials | modulus limited design | modulus limited design | material selection | material selection | materials selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | anisotropy | orthotropy | orthotropy | measurements | measurements | engineering notation | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke | Hooke's law | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | multi-disciplinary | models | models | engineering systems | engineering systems | experiments | experiments | investigations | investigations | experimental error | experimental error | design evaluation | design evaluation | evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | trade studies | effects of engineering | effects of engineering | social context | social context | engineering drawings | engineering drawings | 16.01 | 16.01 | 16.02 | 16.02 | 16.03 | 16.03 | 16.04 | 16.04

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.491J Economic Development, Policy Analysis, and Industrialization (MIT) 11.491J Economic Development, Policy Analysis, and Industrialization (MIT)

Description

This class analyzes the theoretical and historical reasons why governments in latecomer countries have intervened with a wide array of policies to foster industrial development at various turning points: the initiation of industrial activity; the diversification of the industrial base; the restructuring of major industrial institutions; and the entry into high-technology sectors. This class analyzes the theoretical and historical reasons why governments in latecomer countries have intervened with a wide array of policies to foster industrial development at various turning points: the initiation of industrial activity; the diversification of the industrial base; the restructuring of major industrial institutions; and the entry into high-technology sectors.

Subjects

economic growth | economic growth | technological capabilities | technological capabilities | world technological frontier | world technological frontier | innovation | innovation | new products | new products | production engineering | production engineering | project execution | project execution | borrowed technology | borrowed technology | third world development | third world development | industrialization | industrialization | pre WWII | pre WWII | post WWII | post WWII | underdevelopment | underdevelopment | lendingm | lendingm | government regulation | government regulation | 11.491 | 11.491 | 17.176 | 17.176

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making (MIT) 16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making (MIT)

Description

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, reasoning under uncertainty, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear, integer and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. This course is offered both to undergraduate (16.410) students as a professional area undergraduate subject, in the field of aerospace information This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, reasoning under uncertainty, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear, integer and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. This course is offered both to undergraduate (16.410) students as a professional area undergraduate subject, in the field of aerospace information

Subjects

autonomy | autonomy | decision | decision | decision-making | decision-making | reasoning | reasoning | optimization | optimization | autonomous | autonomous | autonomous systems | autonomous systems | decision support | decision support | algorithms | algorithms | artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | a.i. | a.i. | operations | operations | operations research | operations research | logic | logic | deduction | deduction | heuristic search | heuristic search | constraint-based search | constraint-based search | model-based reasoning | model-based reasoning | planning | planning | execution | execution | uncertainty | uncertainty | machine learning | machine learning | linear programming | linear programming | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | integer programming | integer programming | network optimization | network optimization | decision analysis | decision analysis | decision theoretic planning | decision theoretic planning | Markov decision process | Markov decision process | scheme | scheme | propositional logic | propositional logic | constraints | constraints | Markov processes | Markov processes | computational performance | computational performance | satisfaction | satisfaction | learning algorithms | learning algorithms | system state | system state | state | state | search treees | search treees | plan spaces | plan spaces | model theory | model theory | decision trees | decision trees | function approximators | function approximators | optimization algorithms | optimization algorithms | limitations | limitations | tradeoffs | tradeoffs | search and reasoning | search and reasoning | game tree search | game tree search | local stochastic search | local stochastic search | stochastic | stochastic | genetic algorithms | genetic algorithms | constraint satisfaction | constraint satisfaction | propositional inference | propositional inference | rule-based systems | rule-based systems | rule-based | rule-based | model-based diagnosis | model-based diagnosis | neural nets | neural nets | reinforcement learning | reinforcement learning | web-based | web-based | search trees | search trees

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The Doctor's Examination after an Execution. The Doctor's Examination after an Execution.

Description

Subjects

men | men | texas | texas | corpses | corpses | executions | executions | mexicanrevolution | mexicanrevolution | rppc | rppc | usmexicoborder | usmexicoborder

License

No known copyright restrictions

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Technical Capabilities (MIT) Technical Capabilities (MIT)

Description

The economic growth of developing countries requires the acquisition of technological capabilities. In countries at the world technological frontier, such capabilities refer to cutting edge skills to innovate entirely new products. In developing countries, the requisite technological capabilities are broader, and include production engineering, project execution and incremental innovation to make borrowed technology work. Theories of technology acquisition are examined. The empirical evidence is taken from two sets of developing countries; the most advanced (Taiwan, Korea, India, China and Brazil) and the least advanced (Africa and Middle Eastern countries). The economic growth of developing countries requires the acquisition of technological capabilities. In countries at the world technological frontier, such capabilities refer to cutting edge skills to innovate entirely new products. In developing countries, the requisite technological capabilities are broader, and include production engineering, project execution and incremental innovation to make borrowed technology work. Theories of technology acquisition are examined. The empirical evidence is taken from two sets of developing countries; the most advanced (Taiwan, Korea, India, China and Brazil) and the least advanced (Africa and Middle Eastern countries).

Subjects

economic growth | economic growth | technological capabilities | technological capabilities | world technological frontier | world technological frontier | innovation | innovation | new products | new products | production engineering | production engineering | project execution | project execution | borrowed technology | borrowed technology

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT) 16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site. Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site.

Subjects

cognitive robotics | cognitive robotics | robotic systems | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | autonomous robots | mars explorers | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time deduction | real-time search | real-time search | temporal planning | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | reasoning | path planning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | mapping | localization | localization | cooperative robotics | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | mars exploration rover | nursebot | nursebot | museum tourguide | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems | human-interaction systems | navigation | navigation | state-aware robots | state-aware robots | fast planning | fast planning | cooperative planning | cooperative planning | vision-based exploration | vision-based exploration | preplanning | preplanning | 16.412 | 16.412 | 6.834 | 6.834

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making (MIT) 16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making (MIT)

Description

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, reasoning under uncertainty, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear, integer and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. This course is offered both to undergraduate (16.410) students as a professional area undergraduate subject, in the field of aerospace information This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, reasoning under uncertainty, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear, integer and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. This course is offered both to undergraduate (16.410) students as a professional area undergraduate subject, in the field of aerospace information

Subjects

autonomy | autonomy | decision | decision | decision-making | decision-making | reasoning | reasoning | optimization | optimization | autonomous | autonomous | autonomous systems | autonomous systems | decision support | decision support | algorithms | algorithms | artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | a.i. | a.i. | operations | operations | operations research | operations research | logic | logic | deduction | deduction | heuristic search | heuristic search | constraint-based search | constraint-based search | model-based reasoning | model-based reasoning | planning | planning | execution | execution | uncertainty | uncertainty | machine learning | machine learning | linear programming | linear programming | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | integer programming | integer programming | network optimization | network optimization | decision analysis | decision analysis | decision theoretic planning | decision theoretic planning | Markov decision process | Markov decision process | scheme | scheme | propositional logic | propositional logic | constraints | constraints | Markov processes | Markov processes | computational performance | computational performance | satisfaction | satisfaction | learning algorithms | learning algorithms | system state | system state | state | state | search treees | search treees | plan spaces | plan spaces | model theory | model theory | decision trees | decision trees | function approximators | function approximators | optimization algorithms | optimization algorithms | limitations | limitations | tradeoffs | tradeoffs | search and reasoning | search and reasoning | game tree search | game tree search | local stochastic search | local stochastic search | stochastic | stochastic | genetic algorithms | genetic algorithms | constraint satisfaction | constraint satisfaction | propositional inference | propositional inference | rule-based systems | rule-based systems | rule-based | rule-based | model-based diagnosis | model-based diagnosis | neural nets | neural nets | reinforcement learning | reinforcement learning | web-based | web-based | search trees | search trees

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Michael O'Hanrahan, head and shoulders portrait Michael O'Hanrahan, head and shoulders portrait

Description

Subjects

photoshop | photoshop | rising | rising | rebellion | rebellion | execution | execution | 1916 | 1916 | gaelicleague | gaelicleague | easterrising | easterrising | newross | newross | nationallibraryofireland | nationallibraryofireland | michaelohanrahan | michaelohanrahan | brendankeogh | brendankeogh | thekeoghphotographiccollection | thekeoghphotographiccollection | keoghbrothersltd | keoghbrothersltd | swordsmanofthebrigade | swordsmanofthebrigade | lithoartist | lithoartist | micheálóhannracháin | micheálóhannracháin | jacob’sbiscuitfactory | jacob’sbiscuitfactory | 2ndbattalionirishvolunteers | 2ndbattalionirishvolunteers

License

No known copyright restrictions

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16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT) 16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover. Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.

Subjects

cognitive robotics | cognitive robotics | robotic systems | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | autonomous robots | mars explorers | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time deduction | real-time search | real-time search | temporal planning | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | reasoning | path planning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | mapping | localization | localization | cooperative robotics | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | mars exploration rover | nursebot | nursebot | museum tourguide | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems | human-interaction systems

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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UCL Art Museum: 'French Revolution' Teaching Pack

Description

This resource has been uploaded as a web site zip file to be used within a browser (once unzipped, navigate to the index.html file in the folder to run the resource) and as a .elp file (allowing modification in eXe content packaging software, in addition to subsequent packaging in the desired format, e.g., IMS Content Package, Web Pages). This resource has been created as part of the JISC funded project Object Based Learning for Higher Education (OBL4HE) - a project to create a range of online educational resources for university teachers and students based around the use of museum collections and archival material for enhancing learning. To search for more of the resources created in this project, please search for the key word OBL4HE.

Subjects

pro-revolution | anti-revolution | caricature | prints | portrait | France | Britain | sans-culottes | Bastille | Marat | Louis XVI | Corday | Robespierre | Bonaparte | Le Vachez | Aliprandi | execution | Tableau Historique | Massacres | guillotine | Réunion des trois orders | OBL4HE

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Michael Mallin : (Commandant Irish Republican Army) Executed May 8th, 1916

Description

Subjects

irishpoliticalfiguresphotographiccollection | nationallibraryofireland | ireland | michaelmallin | leader1916 | silkweaver | socialist | rebelleader | powellpress | 1916rising | easterrising | frjoemallin | michelmeallin | irishcitizenarmy | ststephensgreen | execution | royalcollegeofsurgeons | firingsquad | politicalfigures | mallin

License

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18.337J Parallel Computing (MIT)

Description

This is an advanced interdisciplinary introduction to applied parallel computing on modern supercomputers. It has a hands-on emphasis on understanding the realities and myths of what is possible on the world's fastest machines. We will make prominent use of the Julia Language, a free, open-source, high-performance dynamic programming language for technical computing.

Subjects

cloud computing | dense linear algebra | sparse linear algebra | N-body problems | multigrid | fast-multipole | wavelets | Fourier transforms | partitioning | mesh generation | applications oriented architecture | parallel programming paradigms | MPI | data parallel systems | Star-P | parallel Python | parallel Matlab | graphics processors | virtualization | caches | vector processors | VHLLs | Very High Level Languages | Julia programming language | distributed parallel execution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Technical Capabilities (MIT)

Description

The economic growth of developing countries requires the acquisition of technological capabilities. In countries at the world technological frontier, such capabilities refer to cutting edge skills to innovate entirely new products. In developing countries, the requisite technological capabilities are broader, and include production engineering, project execution and incremental innovation to make borrowed technology work. Theories of technology acquisition are examined. The empirical evidence is taken from two sets of developing countries; the most advanced (Taiwan, Korea, India, China and Brazil) and the least advanced (Africa and Middle Eastern countries).

Subjects

economic growth | technological capabilities | world technological frontier | innovation | new products | production engineering | project execution | borrowed technology

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Technical Capabilities (MIT)

Description

The economic growth of developing countries requires the acquisition of technological capabilities. In countries at the world technological frontier, such capabilities refer to cutting edge skills to innovate entirely new products. In developing countries, the requisite technological capabilities are broader, and include production engineering, project execution and incremental innovation to make borrowed technology work. Theories of technology acquisition are examined. The empirical evidence is taken from two sets of developing countries; the most advanced (Taiwan, Korea, India, China and Brazil) and the least advanced (Africa and Middle Eastern countries).

Subjects

economic growth | technological capabilities | world technological frontier | innovation | new products | production engineering | project execution | borrowed technology

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .ascii, .binary, .map, and .pddl files found on this course site. Any number of development tools can be used to compile and run the .c and .h files found on this course site.

Subjects

cognitive robotics | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time search | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | localization | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | nursebot | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems | navigation | state-aware robots | fast planning | cooperative planning | vision-based exploration | preplanning | 16.412 | 6.834

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.410 Principles of Autonomy and Decision Making (MIT)

Description

This course surveys a variety of reasoning, optimization, and decision-making methodologies for creating highly autonomous systems and decision support aids. The focus is on principles, algorithms, and their applications, taken from the disciplines of artificial intelligence and operations research. Reasoning paradigms include logic and deduction, heuristic and constraint-based search, model-based reasoning, planning and execution, reasoning under uncertainty, and machine learning. Optimization paradigms include linear, integer and dynamic programming. Decision-making paradigms include decision theoretic planning, and Markov decision processes. This course is offered both to undergraduate (16.410) students as a professional area undergraduate subject, in the field of aerospace information

Subjects

autonomy | decision | decision-making | reasoning | optimization | autonomous | autonomous systems | decision support | algorithms | artificial intelligence | a.i. | operations | operations research | logic | deduction | heuristic search | constraint-based search | model-based reasoning | planning | execution | uncertainty | machine learning | linear programming | dynamic programming | integer programming | network optimization | decision analysis | decision theoretic planning | Markov decision process | scheme | propositional logic | constraints | Markov processes | computational performance | satisfaction | learning algorithms | system state | state | search treees | plan spaces | model theory | decision trees | function approximators | optimization algorithms | limitations | tradeoffs | search and reasoning | game tree search | local stochastic search | stochastic | genetic algorithms | constraint satisfaction | propositional inference | rule-based systems | rule-based | model-based diagnosis | neural nets | reinforcement learning | web-based | search trees

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The Candlemaker

Description

Subjects

candles | execution | no6 | ashtown | 1488 | thomasmayne | lanternslides | nationallibraryofireland | 29october1923 | irishfreestate | rathbournes | thomasfitzgerald | williamdownes | limerickbybeachcomber | thomasholmesmason | thomashmasonsonslimited | pianoandfactorycandles | johngrathborne | pianocandles | factorycandles | servantscandles | makelovewiththelightsout | millenniumcandles | dublinmillennium1988

License

No known copyright restrictions

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DH3C35 Software Development: Object-Oriented Programming

Description

This unit is designed to develop a broad knowledge of the concepts, principles, boundaries and scope of software development using an object-oriented programming language. These will be reinforced by developing the practical skills required in using the structures and features of an object-oriented programming language in the creation of software solutions to problems. Outcomes On completion of this unit, you should be able to: 1 use programming techniques to develop program modules 2 implement a solution from design 3 test the completed product 4 create technical and user documentation.

Subjects

DH3C 35 | Java | arithmetic operators | relational operators | logical operators | flow of execution | Nested loops | Array | String class | Date class | Encapsulation | Polymorphism | Java Collections Framework | SCQF Level 8

License

Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Material. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Material. http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 SQA SQA

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IV (MIT)

Description

The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.

Subjects

Unified | Unified Engineering | aerospace | CDIO | C-D-I-O | conceive | design | implement | operate | team | team-based | discipline | materials | structures | materials and structures | computers | programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | propulsion | signals | systems | signals and systems | systems problems | fundamentals | technical communication | graphical communication | communication | reading | research | experimentation | personal response system | prs | active learning | First law | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | work | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | energy exchange | processes | heat engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | flows | path-dependence | path-independence | reversibility | irreversibility | state | thermodynamic state | performance | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | cycles | thermal pressures | temperatures | linear static networks | loop method | node method | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | state methods | state concepts | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | sources | voltages | currents | Thevinin | Norton | initial value problems | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | transfer function | ada | ada programming | programming language | software systems | programming style | computer architecture | program language evolution | classification | numerical computation | number representation systems | assembly | SimpleSIM | RISC | CISC | operating systems | single user | multitasking | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | recursive | execution time | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | mach | reynolds | conservation | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | continuity | inviscid | steady flow | simple bodies | airfoils | wings | channels | aerodynamics | forces | moments | equilibrium | freebody diagram | free-body | free body | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | support reactions | reactions | static determinance | determinate systems | truss analysis | trusses | method of joints | method of sections | statically indeterminate | three great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | stress | extensional stress | shear stress | notation | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | mohr | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | strain | extensional strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | compatibility | strain transformation | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | classes of materials | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | atomic packing | crystals | crystal structures | polymers | estimate of moduli | moduli | composites | composite materials | modulus limited design | material selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | orthotropy | measurements | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | models | engineering systems | experiments | investigations | experimental error | design evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | effects of engineering | social context | engineering drawings

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Some Account of Some of the Bloody Deeds of Gen. Jackson

Description

Collection: Cornell University Collection of Political Americana, Cornell University Library Repository: Susan H. Douglas Political Americana Collection, #2214 Rare & Manuscript Collections, Cornell University Library, Cornell University Title: Some Account of Some of the Bloody Deeds of Gen. Jackson Political Party: Democratic Election Year: 1828 Date Made: ca. 1828 Measurement: Print: 22 x 14 in.; 55.88 x 35.56 cm Classification: Prints Persistent URI: hdl.handle.net/1813.001/5zj0 There are no known U.S. copyright restrictions on this image. The digital file is owned by the Cornell University Library which is making it freely available with the request that, when possible, the Library be credited as its source.

Subjects

cornelluniversitylibrary | broadsides | editorials | jacksonandrew | warof1812 | executions | coffins | nativeamericans | neworleanslouisiana | assaultandbattery | murder | creekwar18131814 | massacres | culidentifier:value=2214br0053 | culidentifier:lunafield=idnumber

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16.412J Cognitive Robotics (MIT)

Description

Cognitive robotics addresses the emerging field of autonomous systems possessing artificial reasoning skills. Successfully-applied algorithms and autonomy models form the basis for study, and provide students an opportunity to design such a system as part of their class project. Theory and application are linked through discussion of real systems such as the Mars Exploration Rover.

Subjects

cognitive robotics | robotic systems | intelligence algorithms | robustness algorithms | intelligence paradigms | robustness paradigms | autonomous robots | mars explorers | cooperative air vehicles | embedded devices | real-time deduction | real-time search | temporal planning | decision-theoretic planning | contingency planning | dynamic execution | dynamics re-planning | reasoning | path planning | reasoning under uncertainty | mapping | localization | cooperative robotics | distributed robotics | mars exploration rover | nursebot | museum tourguide | human-interaction systems

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.491J Economic Development, Policy Analysis, and Industrialization (MIT)

Description

This class analyzes the theoretical and historical reasons why governments in latecomer countries have intervened with a wide array of policies to foster industrial development at various turning points: the initiation of industrial activity; the diversification of the industrial base; the restructuring of major industrial institutions; and the entry into high-technology sectors.

Subjects

economic growth | technological capabilities | world technological frontier | innovation | new products | production engineering | project execution | borrowed technology | third world development | industrialization | pre WWII | post WWII | underdevelopment | lendingm | government regulation | 11.491 | 17.176

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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DG3134 Applications of Programmable Logic Controllers

Description

The aim of this unit is to introduce you to programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and examine where and why they are used. The unit explores what a PLC is and gives examples and solution programs. The teaching pack is written in three sections to coincide with the three learning outcomes and Higher National Unit Specifications of the Scottish Qualifications Authority. The first section gives a brief overview of what PLCs are and why they are used before explaining their basic architecture. Section 2 describes the operation of basic software commands and allows you to use these within simple programs. The third section uses the knowledge gained in the previous sections to allow you to develop programs to simulate the control of industrial processes. Outcomes There are three learning outcome

Subjects

DG31 34 | relay | Hard-wired systems | Sensors | actuators | PLC subsystems | PLC applications | Basic logic functions | PLC architecture | PLC failures | PLC classification | Normally open and closed contact | Auxiliary relay | Shift registers | Program execution | X: Engineering | ENGINEERING | SCQF Level 7

License

Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 SQA SQA

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