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Gene testing

Description

This Unit looks at three different uses of genetic testing: pre-natal diagnosis, childhood testing and adult testing. Such tests provide genetic information in the form of a predictive diagnosis, and as such are described as predictive tests. Pre-natal diagnosis uses techniques such as amniocentesis to test fetuses in the womb. For example, it is commonly offered to women over 35 to test for Down's syndrome. Childhood testing involves testing children for genetic diseases that may not become a problem until they grow up, and adult testing is aimed at people at risk of late-onset disorders, which do not appear until middle age. In addition, we address some of the issues involved in carrier testing, another predictive test. This involves the testing of people from families with a history of

Subjects

science and nature | child_development | ethics | genes | genetic_counselling | genetic_disease | genetics | health | predictive_tests | screening | Education | X000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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HST.512 Genomic Medicine (MIT) HST.512 Genomic Medicine (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course reviews the key genomic technologies and computational approaches that are driving advances in prognostics, diagnostics, and treatment. Throughout the semester, emphasis will return to issues surrounding the context of genomics in medicine including: what does a physician need to know? what sorts of questions will s/he likely encounter from patients? how should s/he respond? Lecturers will guide the student through real world patient-doctor interactions. Outcome considerations and socioeconomic implications of personalized medicine are also discussed. The first part of the course introduces key basic concepts of molecular biology, computational biology, and genomics. Continuing in the informatics applications portion of the course, lec Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course reviews the key genomic technologies and computational approaches that are driving advances in prognostics, diagnostics, and treatment. Throughout the semester, emphasis will return to issues surrounding the context of genomics in medicine including: what does a physician need to know? what sorts of questions will s/he likely encounter from patients? how should s/he respond? Lecturers will guide the student through real world patient-doctor interactions. Outcome considerations and socioeconomic implications of personalized medicine are also discussed. The first part of the course introduces key basic concepts of molecular biology, computational biology, and genomics. Continuing in the informatics applications portion of the course, lec

Subjects

genomics | genomics | genomic medicine | genomic medicine | genetics | genetics | genomic measurement | genomic measurement | microarray | microarray | informatics | informatics | bioinformatics | bioinformatics | computational biology | computational biology | machine learning | machine learning | pharmacogenomics | pharmacogenomics | complex traits | complex traits | individual pharmacology | individual pharmacology | cancer diagnostics | cancer diagnostics | genetic disease | genetic disease | biomedical | biomedical | genomes | genomes | bioethics | bioethics | integrative genomics | integrative genomics | genomic technologies | genomic technologies

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.27 Principles of Human Disease (MIT) 7.27 Principles of Human Disease (MIT)

Description

This course covers current understanding of, and modern approaches to human disease, emphasizing the molecular and cellular basis of both genetic disease and cancer. Topics include: The Genetics of Simple and Complex Traits; Karyotypic Analysis and Positional Cloning; Genetic Diagnosis; The Roles of Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Treatment; The Interaction between Genetics and Environment; Animal Models of Human Disease; Cancer; and Conventional and Gene Therapy Treatment Strategies. This course covers current understanding of, and modern approaches to human disease, emphasizing the molecular and cellular basis of both genetic disease and cancer. Topics include: The Genetics of Simple and Complex Traits; Karyotypic Analysis and Positional Cloning; Genetic Diagnosis; The Roles of Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Treatment; The Interaction between Genetics and Environment; Animal Models of Human Disease; Cancer; and Conventional and Gene Therapy Treatment Strategies.

Subjects

human disease | human disease | molecular basis of genetic disease | molecular basis of genetic disease | molecular basis of cancer | molecular basis of cancer | cellular basis of genetic disease | cellular basis of genetic disease | cellular basis of cancer | cellular basis of cancer | genetics of simple and complex traits | genetics of simple and complex traits | karyotypic analysis | karyotypic analysis | positional cloning | positional cloning | genetic diagnosis | genetic diagnosis | roles of oncogenes | roles of oncogenes | tumor suppressors | tumor suppressors | tumor initiation | tumor initiation | tumor progression | tumor progression | tumor treatment | tumor treatment | interaction between genetics and environment | interaction between genetics and environment | animal models of human disease | animal models of human disease | cancer | cancer | conventional treatment strategies | conventional treatment strategies | gene therapy treatment strategies | gene therapy treatment strategies

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.27 Principles of Human Disease (MIT)

Description

This course covers current understanding of, and modern approaches to human disease, emphasizing the molecular and cellular basis of both genetic disease and cancer. Topics include: The Genetics of Simple and Complex Traits; Karyotypic Analysis and Positional Cloning; Genetic Diagnosis; The Roles of Oncogenes and Tumor Suppressors in Tumor Initiation, Progression, and Treatment; The Interaction between Genetics and Environment; Animal Models of Human Disease; Cancer; and Conventional and Gene Therapy Treatment Strategies.

Subjects

human disease | molecular basis of genetic disease | molecular basis of cancer | cellular basis of genetic disease | cellular basis of cancer | genetics of simple and complex traits | karyotypic analysis | positional cloning | genetic diagnosis | roles of oncogenes | tumor suppressors | tumor initiation | tumor progression | tumor treatment | interaction between genetics and environment | animal models of human disease | cancer | conventional treatment strategies | gene therapy treatment strategies

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.512 Genomic Medicine (MIT)

Description

This course reviews the key genomic technologies and computational approaches that are driving advances in prognostics, diagnostics, and treatment. Throughout the semester, emphasis will return to issues surrounding the context of genomics in medicine including: what does a physician need to know? what sorts of questions will s/he likely encounter from patients? how should s/he respond? Lecturers will guide the student through real world patient-doctor interactions. Outcome considerations and socioeconomic implications of personalized medicine are also discussed. The first part of the course introduces key basic concepts of molecular biology, computational biology, and genomics. Continuing in the informatics applications portion of the course, lecturers begin each lecture block with a scen

Subjects

genomics | genomic medicine | genetics | genomic measurement | microarray | informatics | bioinformatics | computational biology | machine learning | pharmacogenomics | complex traits | individual pharmacology | cancer diagnostics | genetic disease | biomedical | genomes | bioethics | integrative genomics | genomic technologies

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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