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Essentials of Medical Microbiology II - Part 4 of 4

Description

This presentation deals with bone, joint and soft tissue infections. It is the final part of the Essentials of Medical Microbiology II suite of materials. A help file is included and should be read first.

Subjects

osteomyelitis | arthritis | hepatitis | impetigo | cellulitis | typhoid | bioukoer | ukoer | infections of the oral cavity | dental caries | cold sores | skin infections | staphylococcal infection | necrotising fasciitis | gangrene | leprosy | mycobacterial infections | anthrax | typhus | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.340 Immune Evasion: How Sneaky Pathogens Avoid Host Surveillance (MIT) 7.340 Immune Evasion: How Sneaky Pathogens Avoid Host Surveillance (MIT)

Description

Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation. Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation.

Subjects

immunology | immunology | immune system | immune system | immune evasion | immune evasion | pathogen | pathogen | effector function | effector function | infections | infections | Human cytomegalovirus | Human cytomegalovirus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | CD4 cells | CD4 cells | CD8 cells | CD8 cells | T cells | T cells | surace receptors | surace receptors | cell lysis | cell lysis | host-pathogen interactions | host-pathogen interactions | host surveillance | host surveillance | antibodies | antibodies | MHC class I | MHC class I | blood-borne pathogens | blood-borne pathogens | macrophages | macrophages | phagocytosis | phagocytosis | endocytosis | endocytosis | degradation | degradation | antigen | antigen | apoptosis | apoptosis | cytokines | cytokines | immune response | immune response

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Tracking infections

Description

Professor Derrick Crook from our Experimental Medicine division tells us about his research on tracking infections Professor Derrick Crook's research consortium focusses on translating new molecular technologies and advances in informatics into the investigation of microbial transmission, diagnosis of infectious disease and identifying outbreaks of communicable disease. This research aims to translate deep sequencing of pathogens on an epidemiological scale for tracking infections, and is focussed on four different major pathogens: Staphylococcus aureus (including MRSA), Clostridium difficile, Norovirus and Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Understanding how an infection spreads is vitally important for prevention. Whole genome sequencing of microorganisms allows us to construct family trees of Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

translational medicine | infections | tuberculosis | genetics | viruses | translational medicine | infections | tuberculosis | genetics | viruses

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Infectious diseases in Indonesia

Description

Professor Kevin Baird leads our Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit (EOCRU) in Jakarta, Indonesia. Delivering health care in Indonesia is a challenge, made more difficult by the geography and distances. Our EOCRU unit specialises in clinical trials on tropical infections, particularly Plasmodium vivax malaria. Current treatments with primaquine are effective but very toxic for patients with G6PD deficiency. Better point of care diagnostics can help us treat all patients safely. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

infectious diseases | clinical trials | tropical infections | malaria | Plasmodium vivax | primaquine | G6PD | infectious diseases | clinical trials | tropical infections | malaria | Plasmodium vivax | primaquine | G6PD

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Evolution and pathogenicity of viruses

Description

Professor Peter Simmonds studies the epidemiology, evolution and emergence of a wide range of human pathogenic viruses. RNA viruses are major pathogens that represent the majority of new viruses emerging over time. They are particularly good at evading the host's response to infection. A better understanding of the interaction between virus and host can lead to a better control of viral infections. Recent discoveries on viral genome composition and structure might allow us to manipulate this interaction and generate new, safer vaccines. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

viruses | pathology | Epidemiology | pathogens | genome | viral infections | viruses | pathology | Epidemiology | pathogens | genome | viral infections

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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F792 10 Food Hygiene for the Hospitality Industry

Description

This Unit enables students to develop a basic understanding and competence in hygienic food handling practice.

Subjects

TranSETT | F79210 | food handling | food hygiene practices | safety hazards | food poisoning bacteria | foodborne infections | NH : Food Science / Technology | SCQF Level 4

License

Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ Scotland's Colleges / SQA Scotland's Colleges / SQA

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Essentials of Medical Microbiology II - Part 1 of 4

Description

This presentation describes the infections of the urinary tract and sexually transmitted diseases. Topics covered include the causes, symptoms and diagnosis of UTI’s, and a comprehensive description of sexually tramsmitted diseases.It forms part 1 of the Essential Medical Microbiology II suite of materials.

Subjects

urinary tract infections | cause of infection | symptoms of infection | diagnosis | sexually transmitted diseases | aids | syphillis | gonorrhoea | thrush | herpes simplex | genital warts | crabs and scabies | ukoer | bioukoer | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Urinary Tract Infections

Description

A unit containing a series of case studies in which a clinical presentation of an UTI is described. The reader is required to diagnose the infection and the treatment required. A full explanation of the correct answers is provided. This is a Questionmark Perception file. The QTIXML file needs to be opened in QP Authoring Manager, converted to an assessment and exported into your own VLE.

Subjects

urinary tract infections | diagnosis | bacteria | infection | treatment | clinical case | case study | bioukoer | ukoer | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Microorganisms of Medical Importance Part 2 - Microfungi and Protozoa

Description

An Articulate presentation providing information about the microfungi and protozoa. It also includes information about moulds, yeasts, fungal infections and reproduction. This is Part 2 of a series of 3. A help file is included and should be read first.

Subjects

microbiology | microfungi | protozoa | moulds | yeasts | fungal infections | fungal reproduction | ukoer | bioukoer | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Cystic fibrosis

Description

This topic has a thorough introduction relating the disease to the underlying genetic causes. An interactive element gives information about the effects of cystic fibrosis on different organs of the body. A range of diagnoses and treatment methods are described. Psychosocial effects are detailed. The topic concludes with a page summarising care and management.

Subjects

cystic fibrosis | hereditary disease | disease of the lungs | sweat glands | mucus | respiratory infections | autosomal recessive gene | ukoer | ooer | medev | Medicine and Dentistry | Subjects allied to Medicine | Biological Sciences | SAFETY | Learning | Teaching | Institutions | Students | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.340 Immune Evasion: How Sneaky Pathogens Avoid Host Surveillance (MIT)

Description

Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation.

Subjects

immunology | immune system | immune evasion | pathogen | effector function | infections | Human cytomegalovirus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | CD4 cells | CD8 cells | T cells | surace receptors | cell lysis | host-pathogen interactions | host surveillance | antibodies | MHC class I | blood-borne pathogens | macrophages | phagocytosis | endocytosis | degradation | antigen | apoptosis | cytokines | immune response

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Essentials of Medical Microbiology II - Part 3 of 4

Description

This presentation explains about infections of the heart and circulatory system, and respiratory infections. It forms part 3 of the Essentials of Medical Microbiology II suite of materials. A help file is included which should be read first.

Subjects

bioukoer | ukoer | intracellular pathogens | plague | opportunistic infection | endotoxic shock | endocarditis | tonsilitis | diphtheria | epiglottitis | influenza | middle ear infections | pneumonia | psittacosis | bronchiolitis | whooping cough | medical microbiology | heart and circulatory infection | respiratory infection | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Respiratory Infections

Description

A unit containing a series of case studies in which clinical presentations of various respiratory infections are described. The reader is required to diagnose the infection and the treatment required. A full explanation of the correct answers is provided. This is a Questionmark Perception file. The QTIXML file needs to be opened in QP Authoring Manager, converted to an assessment and exported into your own VLE.

Subjects

microbiology | ukoer | bioukoer | respiratory infections | cough | bronchitis | earache | pneumonia | influenza | tuberculosis | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Epidemiology and Chemotherapy

Description

A unit containing a series of case studies in which clinical presentations of various infections are described. These include hospital-acquired infections, therapy failures and examples of cross-infection. It also includes an introduction into the use of pcr for identification of microorganisms. This is a Questionmark Perception file. The QTIXML file needs to be opened in QP Authoring Manager, converted to an assessment and exported into your own VLE.

Subjects

ukoer | bioukoer | microbiology | pcr | hospital infections | cross-colonisation | staphylococcus aureus | cystitis | bacteria | clostridium difficile | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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