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6.685 Electric Machines (MIT) 6.685 Electric Machines (MIT)

Description

6.685 explores concepts in electromechanics, using electric machinery as examples. It teaches an understanding of principles and analysis of electromechanical systems. By the end of the course, students are capable of doing electromechanical design of the major classes of rotating and linear electric machines, and have an understanding of the principles of the energy conversion parts of Mechatronics. In addition to design, students learn how to estimate the dynamic parameters of electric machines and understand what the implications of those parameters are on the performance of systems incorporating those machines. 6.685 explores concepts in electromechanics, using electric machinery as examples. It teaches an understanding of principles and analysis of electromechanical systems. By the end of the course, students are capable of doing electromechanical design of the major classes of rotating and linear electric machines, and have an understanding of the principles of the energy conversion parts of Mechatronics. In addition to design, students learn how to estimate the dynamic parameters of electric machines and understand what the implications of those parameters are on the performance of systems incorporating those machines.

Subjects

electric | electric | machine | machine | transformers | transformers | electromechanical | electromechanical | transducers | transducers | rotating | rotating | linear electric machines | linear electric machines | lumped parameter | lumped parameter | dc | dc | induction | induction | synchronous | synchronous | energy conversion | energy conversion | electromechanics | electromechanics | Mechatronics | Mechatronics | Electromechanical transducers | Electromechanical transducers | rotating electric machines | rotating electric machines | lumped-parameter elecromechanics | lumped-parameter elecromechanics | interaction electromechanics | interaction electromechanics | device characteristics | device characteristics | energy conversion density | energy conversion density | efficiency | efficiency | system interaction characteristics | system interaction characteristics | regulation | regulation | stability | stability | controllability | controllability | response | response | electric machines | electric machines | drive systems | drive systems | electric machinery | electric machinery | electromechanical systems | electromechanical systems | design | design | dynamic parameters | dynamic parameters | phenomena | phenomena | interactions | interactions | classical mechanics | classical mechanics

License

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2.034J Nonlinear Dynamics and Waves (MIT) 2.034J Nonlinear Dynamics and Waves (MIT)

Description

This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems. This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems.

Subjects

nonlinear oscillations | nonlinear oscillations | wave phenomena | wave phenomena | flow-structure interaction problems | flow-structure interaction problems | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear resonances | nonlinear resonances | self-excited oscillations | self-excited oscillations | lock-in phenomena | lock-in phenomena | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | resonant wave interactions | resonant wave interactions | propagation of wave pulses | propagation of wave pulses | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear long waves and breaking | nonlinear long waves and breaking | theory of characteristics | theory of characteristics | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | solitons and solitary wave interactions | solitons and solitary wave interactions | stability of shear flows | stability of shear flows

License

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MAS.965 Relational Machines (MIT) MAS.965 Relational Machines (MIT)

Description

This course examines the issues, principles, and challenges toward building relational machines through a combination of studio-style design and critique along with lecture, lively discussion of course readings, and assignments. Insights from social psychology, human-computer interaction, and design will be examined, as well as how these ideas are manifest in a broad range of applications for software agents and robots. This course examines the issues, principles, and challenges toward building relational machines through a combination of studio-style design and critique along with lecture, lively discussion of course readings, and assignments. Insights from social psychology, human-computer interaction, and design will be examined, as well as how these ideas are manifest in a broad range of applications for software agents and robots.

Subjects

relational machines | relational machines | emotional design | emotional design | technology | technology | human relationships | human relationships | emotional expression | emotional expression | representation and manipulation | representation and manipulation | measuring relationships and interactions | measuring relationships and interactions | assitive robotics for elderly | assitive robotics for elderly | robotic pets | robotic pets | robotic therapy | robotic therapy | language processing | language processing | machine teammates | machine teammates | collaboration | collaboration | interactive learning | interactive learning | tutorials | tutorials | wearable agent interaction | wearable agent interaction | ambient agent interaction | ambient agent interaction

License

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17.418 Field Seminar in International Relations Theory (MIT) 17.418 Field Seminar in International Relations Theory (MIT)

Description

This seminar provides an overview of the field of international relations. Each week, a different approach to explaining international relations will be examined. By surveying major concepts and theories in the field, the seminar will also assist graduate students in preparing for the comprehensive examination and further study in the department's more specialized offerings in international relations, including 17.420, 17.422, 17.424, 17.430, 17.432 and 17.468. Master's students and undergraduates may enroll only with the instructor's permission. This seminar provides an overview of the field of international relations. Each week, a different approach to explaining international relations will be examined. By surveying major concepts and theories in the field, the seminar will also assist graduate students in preparing for the comprehensive examination and further study in the department's more specialized offerings in international relations, including 17.420, 17.422, 17.424, 17.430, 17.432 and 17.468. Master's students and undergraduates may enroll only with the instructor's permission.

Subjects

international relations | international relations | anarchy | anarchy | power | power | international regimes and institutions | international regimes and institutions | strategic interaction | strategic interaction | agent-structure interactions | agent-structure interactions | foreign policy | foreign policy

License

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7.342 Systems and Synthetic Biology: How the Cell Solves Problems (MIT) 7.342 Systems and Synthetic Biology: How the Cell Solves Problems (MIT)

Description

A millennial challenge in biology is to decipher how vast arrays of molecular interactions inside the cell work in concert to produce a cellular function. Systems biology, a new interdisciplinary field of science, brings together biologists and physicists to tackle this grand challenge through quantitative experiments and models. In this course, we will discuss the unifying principles that all organisms use to perform cellular functions. We will also discuss key challenges faced by a cell in both single and multi-cellular organisms. Finally, we will discuss how researchers in the field of synthetic biology are using the new knowledge gained from studying naturally-occurring biological systems to create artificial gene networks capable of performing new functions. This course is one of many A millennial challenge in biology is to decipher how vast arrays of molecular interactions inside the cell work in concert to produce a cellular function. Systems biology, a new interdisciplinary field of science, brings together biologists and physicists to tackle this grand challenge through quantitative experiments and models. In this course, we will discuss the unifying principles that all organisms use to perform cellular functions. We will also discuss key challenges faced by a cell in both single and multi-cellular organisms. Finally, we will discuss how researchers in the field of synthetic biology are using the new knowledge gained from studying naturally-occurring biological systems to create artificial gene networks capable of performing new functions. This course is one of many

Subjects

systems biology | systems biology | synthetic biology | synthetic biology | cell | cell | cellular functions | cellular functions | biological systems | biological systems | artificial gene networks | artificial gene networks | molecular interactions | molecular interactions | molecular biology | molecular biology | genes | genes | RNA | RNA | proteins | proteins | macromolecules | macromolecules | intracellular biochemical interactions | intracellular biochemical interactions | extracellular molecules | extracellular molecules | gene expression | gene expression | stochastic gene expression | stochastic gene expression

License

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8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT) 8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT)

Description

This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity. This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity.

Subjects

physics of solids | physics of solids | elementary excitations | elementary excitations | symmetry | symmetry | theory of representations | theory of representations | energy bands | energy bands | excitons | excitons | critical points | critical points | response functions | response functions | interactions in the electron gas | interactions in the electron gas | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | semiconductors | semiconductors | insulators | insulators | Free electron model | Free electron model | Crystalline lattice | Crystalline lattice | Debye Waller factor | Debye Waller factor | Bravais lattice | Bravais lattice | Pseudopotential | Pseudopotential | van Hove singularity | van Hove singularity | Bloch oscillation | Bloch oscillation | quantization of orbits | quantization of orbits | de Haas-van Alphen effect | de Haas-van Alphen effect | Quantum Hall effect | Quantum Hall effect | Electron-electron interaction | Electron-electron interaction | Hartree-Fock approximation | Hartree-Fock approximation | Exchange energy for Jellium | Exchange energy for Jellium | Density functional theory | Density functional theory | Hubbard model | Hubbard model | Electron-phonon coupling | Electron-phonon coupling | phonons | phonons

License

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12.802 Wave Motions in the Ocean and Atmosphere (MIT) 12.802 Wave Motions in the Ocean and Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to basic ideas of geophysical wave motion in rotating, stratified, and rotating-stratified fluids. Subject begins with general wave concepts of phase and group velocity. It also covers the dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves with a focus on dispersion, energy flux, initial value problems, etc. Also addressed are subject foundation used to study internal and inertial waves, Kelvin, Poincare, and Rossby waves in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Laplace tidal equations are applied to equatorial waves. Other topics include: resonant interactions, potential vorticity, wave-mean flow interactions, and instability. This course is an introduction to basic ideas of geophysical wave motion in rotating, stratified, and rotating-stratified fluids. Subject begins with general wave concepts of phase and group velocity. It also covers the dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves with a focus on dispersion, energy flux, initial value problems, etc. Also addressed are subject foundation used to study internal and inertial waves, Kelvin, Poincare, and Rossby waves in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Laplace tidal equations are applied to equatorial waves. Other topics include: resonant interactions, potential vorticity, wave-mean flow interactions, and instability.

Subjects

geophysical wave motion | geophysical wave motion | rotating | stratified | and rotating-stratified fluids | rotating | stratified | and rotating-stratified fluids | general wave concepts | general wave concepts | phase | phase | group velocity | group velocity | dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves | dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves | dispersion | dispersion | energy flux | energy flux | initial value problems | initial value problems | internal and inertial waves | internal and inertial waves | Kelvin | Kelvin | Poincare | Poincare | and Rossby waves | and Rossby waves | homogeneous and stratified fluids | homogeneous and stratified fluids | Laplace tidal equations | Laplace tidal equations | equatorial waves | equatorial waves | resonant interactions | resonant interactions | potential vorticity | potential vorticity | wave-mean flow interactions | wave-mean flow interactions | instability | instability | 12. Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | 12. Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | internal gravity waves | internal gravity waves | surface gravity waves | surface gravity waves | rotation | rotation | large-scale hydrostatic motions | large-scale hydrostatic motions | vertical structure equation | vertical structure equation | equatorial ?-plane | equatorial ?-plane | Stratified Quasi-Geostrophic Motion | Stratified Quasi-Geostrophic Motion

License

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18.417 Introduction to Computational Molecular Biology (MIT) 18.417 Introduction to Computational Molecular Biology (MIT)

Description

This course introduces the basic computational methods used to understand the cell on a molecular level. It covers subjects such as the sequence alignment algorithms: dynamic programming, hashing, suffix trees, and Gibbs sampling. Furthermore, it focuses on computational approaches to: genetic and physical mapping; genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation; RNA expression and secondary structure; protein structure and folding; and molecular interactions and dynamics. This course introduces the basic computational methods used to understand the cell on a molecular level. It covers subjects such as the sequence alignment algorithms: dynamic programming, hashing, suffix trees, and Gibbs sampling. Furthermore, it focuses on computational approaches to: genetic and physical mapping; genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation; RNA expression and secondary structure; protein structure and folding; and molecular interactions and dynamics.

Subjects

basic computational methods cell on a molecular level | basic computational methods cell on a molecular level | sequence alignment algorithms | sequence alignment algorithms | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | hashing | hashing | suffix trees | suffix trees | Gibbs sampling | Gibbs sampling | genetic and physical mapping | genetic and physical mapping | genome sequencing | genome sequencing | assembly | assembly | and annotation | and annotation | RNA expression and secondary structure | RNA expression and secondary structure | protein structure and folding | protein structure and folding | and molecular interactions and dynamics | and molecular interactions and dynamics | annotation | annotation | molecular interactions and dynamics | molecular interactions and dynamics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.685 Electric Machines (MIT)

Description

6.685 explores concepts in electromechanics, using electric machinery as examples. It teaches an understanding of principles and analysis of electromechanical systems. By the end of the course, students are capable of doing electromechanical design of the major classes of rotating and linear electric machines, and have an understanding of the principles of the energy conversion parts of Mechatronics. In addition to design, students learn how to estimate the dynamic parameters of electric machines and understand what the implications of those parameters are on the performance of systems incorporating those machines.

Subjects

electric | machine | transformers | electromechanical | transducers | rotating | linear electric machines | lumped parameter | dc | induction | synchronous | energy conversion | electromechanics | Mechatronics | Electromechanical transducers | rotating electric machines | lumped-parameter elecromechanics | interaction electromechanics | device characteristics | energy conversion density | efficiency | system interaction characteristics | regulation | stability | controllability | response | electric machines | drive systems | electric machinery | electromechanical systems | design | dynamic parameters | phenomena | interactions | classical mechanics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.034J Nonlinear Dynamics and Waves (MIT)

Description

This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems.

Subjects

nonlinear oscillations | wave phenomena | flow-structure interaction problems | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear resonances | self-excited oscillations | lock-in phenomena | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | resonant wave interactions | propagation of wave pulses | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear long waves and breaking | theory of characteristics | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | solitons and solitary wave interactions | stability of shear flows

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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MAS.965 Relational Machines (MIT)

Description

This course examines the issues, principles, and challenges toward building relational machines through a combination of studio-style design and critique along with lecture, lively discussion of course readings, and assignments. Insights from social psychology, human-computer interaction, and design will be examined, as well as how these ideas are manifest in a broad range of applications for software agents and robots.

Subjects

relational machines | emotional design | technology | human relationships | emotional expression | representation and manipulation | measuring relationships and interactions | assitive robotics for elderly | robotic pets | robotic therapy | language processing | machine teammates | collaboration | interactive learning | tutorials | wearable agent interaction | ambient agent interaction

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Computational Perspectives on the Structure and Information Flows in Online Networks

Description

In this talk, Jure discusses how the computational perspective can be applied to questions involving the structure of online networks and the dynamics of information that flow through such networks. With an increasing amount of social interaction taking place online, we are accumulating large amounts of data about phenomena that were once essentially invisible to us: the collective behaviour and social interactions of hundreds of millions of people. Analyzing this data computationally offers enormous potential to address both long-standing scientific questions, and to harness and inform the design of future social computing applications.

Subjects

Internet | social interaction | data | Web 2.0 | collective action | social behaviour | machine | computation | analysis | information | networks | social networks | structure | information flow | big data | ukoer | Internet | social interaction | data | Web 2.0 | collective action | social behaviour | machine | computation | analysis | data | information | networks | social networks | structure | information flow | big data

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Computational Perspectives on the Structure and Information Flows in Online Networks

Description

In this talk, Jure Leskovec discusses how the computational perspective can be applied to questions involving the structure of online networks and the dynamics of information that flow through such networks. With an increasing amount of social interaction taking place online, we are accumulating large amounts of data about phenomena that were once essentially invisible to us: the collective behaviour and social interactions of hundreds of millions of people. Analyzing this data computationally offers enormous potential to address both long-standing scientific questions, and to harness and inform the design of future social computing applications.

Subjects

Internet | social interaction | data | Web 2.0 | collective action | social behaviour | machine | computation | analysis | information | networks | social networks | structure | information flow | big data | ukoer | Internet | social interaction | data | Web 2.0 | collective action | social behaviour | machine | computation | analysis | data | information | networks | social networks | structure | information flow | big data

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MAS.836 Sensor Technologies for Interactive Environments (MIT) MAS.836 Sensor Technologies for Interactive Environments (MIT)

Description

This course is a broad introduction to a host of sensor technologies, illustrated by applications drawn from human-computer interfaces and ubiquitous computing. After extensively reviewing electronics for sensor signal conditioning, the lectures cover the principles and operation of a variety of sensor architectures and modalities, including pressure, strain, displacement, proximity, thermal, electric and magnetic field, optical, acoustic, RF, inertial, and bioelectric. Simple sensor processing algorithms and wired and wireless network standards are also discussed. Students are required to complete written assignments, a set of laboratories, and a final project. This course is a broad introduction to a host of sensor technologies, illustrated by applications drawn from human-computer interfaces and ubiquitous computing. After extensively reviewing electronics for sensor signal conditioning, the lectures cover the principles and operation of a variety of sensor architectures and modalities, including pressure, strain, displacement, proximity, thermal, electric and magnetic field, optical, acoustic, RF, inertial, and bioelectric. Simple sensor processing algorithms and wired and wireless network standards are also discussed. Students are required to complete written assignments, a set of laboratories, and a final project.

Subjects

human-computer interaction | human-computer interaction | analog electronics | analog electronics | digital electronics | digital electronics | sensing | sensing | piezoelectric | piezoelectric | optical sensor | optical sensor | inertial sensor | inertial sensor | sensor network | sensor network | electronic monitoring | electronic monitoring

License

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MAS.962 Autism Theory and Technology (MIT) MAS.962 Autism Theory and Technology (MIT)

Description

This course will lay a foundation in autism theory and autism technology that significantly leverages and expands the Media Lab's ability to pioneer new technology. Students will not only develop new technologies, but also understand, help, and learn from people with autism, a fast-growing group that the CDC identified in the year 2005 as involving an estimated 1 in 150 school-age children ages 6-21. Students will gain an understanding of the basic challenges faced by people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, together with their families and caregivers, and an understanding of the fundamental theories that inform therapies and technologies for improving the autistic experience. The course will also explore the converging challenges and goals of autism research and the development o This course will lay a foundation in autism theory and autism technology that significantly leverages and expands the Media Lab's ability to pioneer new technology. Students will not only develop new technologies, but also understand, help, and learn from people with autism, a fast-growing group that the CDC identified in the year 2005 as involving an estimated 1 in 150 school-age children ages 6-21. Students will gain an understanding of the basic challenges faced by people diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders, together with their families and caregivers, and an understanding of the fundamental theories that inform therapies and technologies for improving the autistic experience. The course will also explore the converging challenges and goals of autism research and the development o

Subjects

social interaction | social interaction | communication deficits | communication deficits | people sense | people sense | social cognition | social cognition | embodied cognition | embodied cognition | social skills intervention | social skills intervention | asperger syndrome | asperger syndrome | autism spectrum disorder | autism spectrum disorder | systemizing | systemizing | empathizing | empathizing

License

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11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies. This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies.

Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibility

License

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6.453 Quantum Optical Communication (MIT) 6.453 Quantum Optical Communication (MIT)

Description

This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, and quantum systems theory. Specific topics include the following.  Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator quantization; number states, coherent states, and squeezed states; radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation; P-representation and classical fields.  Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle; beam splitters; phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers. Quantum photodetection: direct detection, heterodyne detection, and homodyne detection.&a This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, and quantum systems theory. Specific topics include the following.  Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator quantization; number states, coherent states, and squeezed states; radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation; P-representation and classical fields.  Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle; beam splitters; phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers. Quantum photodetection: direct detection, heterodyne detection, and homodyne detection.&a

Subjects

Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics | Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics | harmonic oscillator quantization | harmonic oscillator quantization | number states | coherent states | and squeezed states | number states | coherent states | and squeezed states | radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation | radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation | P-representation and classical fields | P-representation and classical fields | Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle | Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle | beam splitters | beam splitters | phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers | phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers | Quantum photodetection: direct detection | heterodyne detection | and homodyne detection | Quantum photodetection: direct detection | heterodyne detection | and homodyne detection | Second-order nonlinear optics: phasematched interactions | Second-order nonlinear optics: phasematched interactions | optical parametric amplifiers | optical parametric amplifiers | generation of squeezed states | photon-twin beams | non-classical fourth-order interference | and polarization entanglement | generation of squeezed states | photon-twin beams | non-classical fourth-order interference | and polarization entanglement | Quantum systems theory: optimum binary detection | Quantum systems theory: optimum binary detection | quantum precision measurements | quantum precision measurements | quantum cryptography | quantum cryptography | quantum teleportation | quantum teleportation

License

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MAS.961 Designing Sociable Media (MIT) MAS.961 Designing Sociable Media (MIT)

Description

Subjects

on-line communities | on-line communities | virtual world | virtual world | social cues | social cues | cultural mores and structures | cultural mores and structures | interaction | interaction | interface | interface | internet | internet | socializing | socializing | social life in the on-line world | social life in the on-line world

License

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8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT) 8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT)

Description

This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory. This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory.

Subjects

Linear response theory | Linear response theory | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Scattering experiment | Scattering experiment | f-sum rule | f-sum rule | Physics of disorder | Physics of disorder | Kubo formula for conductivity | Kubo formula for conductivity | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Scaling theory of localization | Scaling theory of localization | Mott variable range hopping | Mott variable range hopping | Superconductor | Superconductor | Transverse response | Transverse response | Landau diamagnetism | Landau diamagnetism | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Effect of disorder | Effect of disorder | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Magnetism | Magnetism | Local moment magnetism | Local moment magnetism | exchange interaction | exchange interaction | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Band magnetism | Band magnetism | Stoner theory | Stoner theory | spin density wave | spin density wave | Local moment in metals | Local moment in metals | Friedel sum rule | Friedel sum rule | Friedel-Anderson model | Friedel-Anderson model | Kondo problem | Kondo problem | Fermi liquid theory | Fermi liquid theory | Electron Green?s function | Electron Green?s function

License

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6.642 Continuum Electromechanics (MIT) 6.642 Continuum Electromechanics (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on laws, approximations, and relations of continuum electromechanics. Topics include mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations, statics and dynamics of electromechanical systems having a static equilibrium, electromechanical flows, and field coupling with thermal and molecular diffusion. See the syllabus section for a more detailed list of topics. This course focuses on laws, approximations, and relations of continuum electromechanics. Topics include mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations, statics and dynamics of electromechanical systems having a static equilibrium, electromechanical flows, and field coupling with thermal and molecular diffusion. See the syllabus section for a more detailed list of topics.

Subjects

continuum mechanics | continuum mechanics | electromechanics | electromechanics | mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations | mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations | statics | statics | dynamics | dynamics | electromechanical systems | electromechanical systems | static equililbrium | static equililbrium | electromechanical flows | electromechanical flows | field coupling | field coupling | thermal and molecular diffusion | thermal and molecular diffusion | electrokinetics | electrokinetics | streaming interactions | streaming interactions | materials processing | materials processing | magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators | magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators | ferrohydrodynamics | ferrohydrodynamics | physiochemical systems | physiochemical systems | heat transfer | heat transfer | continuum feedback control | continuum feedback control | electron beam devices | electron beam devices | plasma dynamics | plasma dynamics

License

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5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

This class covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, molecular spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles. This class covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, molecular spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles.

Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopy

License

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22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT) 22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. Discusses natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection. Term paper and oral presentation of paper required.This course was originally developed by Dr. Jacquelyn Yanch.  As such, significant portions of the materials presented here were derived from her work. This course is an introduction to basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. Discusses natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection. Term paper and oral presentation of paper required.This course was originally developed by Dr. Jacquelyn Yanch.  As such, significant portions of the materials presented here were derived from her work.

Subjects

ionizing radiations | ionizing radiations | radiation sources | radiation sources | energy deposition | energy deposition | dose calculations | dose calculations | principles of radiation protection | principles of radiation protection | ionizing | ionizing | radiation | radiation | medicine | medicine | industry | industry | science | science | environmental studies | environmental studies | natural radiation sources | natural radiation sources | man-made radiation | man-made radiation | radiation protection | radiation protection | material interaction | material interaction | biological material | biological material | radiation therapy | radiation therapy | medical imaging | medical imaging | non-destructive evaluation | non-destructive evaluation | food irradiation | food irradiation | radionuclide dating | radionuclide dating | well-logging | well-logging

License

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BE.462J Molecular Principles of Biomaterials (MIT) BE.462J Molecular Principles of Biomaterials (MIT)

Description

Analysis and design at a molecular scale of materials used in contact with biological systems, including biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Topics include molecular interactions between bio- and synthetic molecules and surfaces; design, synthesis, and processing approaches for materials that control cell functions; and application of state-of-the-art materials science to problems in tissue engineering, drug delivery, biosensors, and cell-guiding surfaces.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S Analysis and design at a molecular scale of materials used in contact with biological systems, including biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Topics include molecular interactions between bio- and synthetic molecules and surfaces; design, synthesis, and processing approaches for materials that control cell functions; and application of state-of-the-art materials science to problems in tissue engineering, drug delivery, biosensors, and cell-guiding surfaces.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S

Subjects

Analysis | Analysis | design | design | molecular scale | molecular scale | biological systems | biological systems | biotechnology | biotechnology | biomedical engineering | biomedical engineering | molecular interactions | molecular interactions | synthetic molecules | synthetic molecules | synthesis | synthesis | processing approaches | processing approaches | cell functions | cell functions | materials science | materials science | tissue engineering | tissue engineering | drug delivery | drug delivery | biosensors | biosensors | cell-guiding surfaces | cell-guiding surfaces | 3.962J | 3.962J | BE.462 | BE.462 | 3.962 | 3.962

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1.72 Groundwater Hydrology (MIT) 1.72 Groundwater Hydrology (MIT)

Description

This course covers fundamentals of subsurface flow and transport, emphasizing the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle, the relation of groundwater flow to geologic structure, and the management of contaminated groundwater. The class includes laboratory and computer demonstrations.Technical RequirementsFEFLOW® software  is required for two problem sets on this course site. FEFLOW® (Finite Element subsurface FLOW system) is a 3-D groundwater modeling software, developed by WASY, a German consulting firm. FEFLOW® uses the finite element method to solve 3D groundwater flow equations. RealOne™ Player software is required to run the .rm files found on this course site. This course covers fundamentals of subsurface flow and transport, emphasizing the role of groundwater in the hydrologic cycle, the relation of groundwater flow to geologic structure, and the management of contaminated groundwater. The class includes laboratory and computer demonstrations.Technical RequirementsFEFLOW® software  is required for two problem sets on this course site. FEFLOW® (Finite Element subsurface FLOW system) is a 3-D groundwater modeling software, developed by WASY, a German consulting firm. FEFLOW® uses the finite element method to solve 3D groundwater flow equations. RealOne™ Player software is required to run the .rm files found on this course site.

Subjects

D'arcy equation | D'arcy equation | flow nets | flow nets | mass conservation | mass conservation | the aquifer flow equation | the aquifer flow equation | heterogeneity and anisotropy | heterogeneity and anisotropy | storage properties | storage properties | regional circulation | regional circulation | unsaturated flow | unsaturated flow | recharge | recharge | stream-aquifer interaction | stream-aquifer interaction | well hydraulics | well hydraulics | flow through fractured rock | flow through fractured rock | numerical models | numerical models | groundwater quality | groundwater quality | contaminant transport processes | contaminant transport processes | dispersion | dispersion | decay | decay | adsorption | adsorption

License

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11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.701 Introduction to Planning and Institutional Processes in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies. This introductory course is structured to cultivate the key sensibilities necessary for effective planning practice in newly industrializing countries. The word "sensibility" refers to an awareness of key developmental issues, interdependent causalities, and anticipated as well as unanticipated consequences of social action which mark most planning efforts. In cultivating such sensibilities, this course will use examples from varying institutional settings, ranging from the local to the international levels, and probe how the particularities of each setting call for an awareness of particular institutional opportunities and constraints that planners need to account for when devising planning strategies.

Subjects

developing-country governments | developing-country governments | international organizations | international organizations | NGOs | NGOs | economies of scale | economies of scale | diseconomies of scale | diseconomies of scale | international development planning | international development planning | externality | externality | historical advances in developing and developing countries | historical advances in developing and developing countries | interaction between planners and institutions | interaction between planners and institutions | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | decentralization | provision of low-cost housing | new-town development | progress | progress | anti-planning arguments | anti-planning arguments | state-centered planning | state-centered planning | social control | social control | bureaucracies | bureaucracies | good governance | good governance | market institutions | market institutions | collective action | collective action | decision making | decision making | political savvy | political savvy | legal sensibility | legal sensibility

License

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