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Description

This course is an introduction to basic ideas of geophysical wave motion in rotating, stratified, and rotating-stratified fluids. Subject begins with general wave concepts of phase and group velocity. It also covers the dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves with a focus on dispersion, energy flux, initial value problems, etc. Also addressed are subject foundation used to study internal and inertial waves, Kelvin, Poincare, and Rossby waves in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Laplace tidal equations are applied to equatorial waves. Other topics include: resonant interactions, potential vorticity, wave-mean flow interactions, and instability. This course is an introduction to basic ideas of geophysical wave motion in rotating, stratified, and rotating-stratified fluids. Subject begins with general wave concepts of phase and group velocity. It also covers the dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves with a focus on dispersion, energy flux, initial value problems, etc. Also addressed are subject foundation used to study internal and inertial waves, Kelvin, Poincare, and Rossby waves in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Laplace tidal equations are applied to equatorial waves. Other topics include: resonant interactions, potential vorticity, wave-mean flow interactions, and instability.Subjects

geophysical wave motion | geophysical wave motion | rotating | stratified | and rotating-stratified fluids | rotating | stratified | and rotating-stratified fluids | general wave concepts | general wave concepts | phase | phase | group velocity | group velocity | dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves | dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves | dispersion | dispersion | energy flux | energy flux | initial value problems | initial value problems | internal and inertial waves | internal and inertial waves | Kelvin | Kelvin | Poincare | Poincare | and Rossby waves | and Rossby waves | homogeneous and stratified fluids | homogeneous and stratified fluids | Laplace tidal equations | Laplace tidal equations | equatorial waves | equatorial waves | resonant interactions | resonant interactions | potential vorticity | potential vorticity | wave-mean flow interactions | wave-mean flow interactions | instability | instability | 12. Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | 12. Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | internal gravity waves | internal gravity waves | surface gravity waves | surface gravity waves | rotation | rotation | large-scale hydrostatic motions | large-scale hydrostatic motions | vertical structure equation | vertical structure equation | equatorial ?-plane | equatorial ?-plane | Stratified Quasi-Geostrophic Motion | Stratified Quasi-Geostrophic MotionLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course introduces the basic computational methods used to understand the cell on a molecular level. It covers subjects such as the sequence alignment algorithms: dynamic programming, hashing, suffix trees, and Gibbs sampling. Furthermore, it focuses on computational approaches to: genetic and physical mapping; genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation; RNA expression and secondary structure; protein structure and folding; and molecular interactions and dynamics. This course introduces the basic computational methods used to understand the cell on a molecular level. It covers subjects such as the sequence alignment algorithms: dynamic programming, hashing, suffix trees, and Gibbs sampling. Furthermore, it focuses on computational approaches to: genetic and physical mapping; genome sequencing, assembly, and annotation; RNA expression and secondary structure; protein structure and folding; and molecular interactions and dynamics.Subjects

basic computational methods cell on a molecular level | basic computational methods cell on a molecular level | sequence alignment algorithms | sequence alignment algorithms | dynamic programming | dynamic programming | hashing | hashing | suffix trees | suffix trees | Gibbs sampling | Gibbs sampling | genetic and physical mapping | genetic and physical mapping | genome sequencing | genome sequencing | assembly | assembly | and annotation | and annotation | RNA expression and secondary structure | RNA expression and secondary structure | protein structure and folding | protein structure and folding | and molecular interactions and dynamics | and molecular interactions and dynamics | annotation | annotation | molecular interactions and dynamics | molecular interactions and dynamicsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata2.034J Nonlinear Dynamics and Waves (MIT) 2.034J Nonlinear Dynamics and Waves (MIT)

Description

This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems. This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems.Subjects

nonlinear oscillations | nonlinear oscillations | wave phenomena | wave phenomena | flow-structure interaction problems | flow-structure interaction problems | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear resonances | nonlinear resonances | self-excited oscillations | self-excited oscillations | lock-in phenomena | lock-in phenomena | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | resonant wave interactions | resonant wave interactions | propagation of wave pulses | propagation of wave pulses | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear long waves and breaking | nonlinear long waves and breaking | theory of characteristics | theory of characteristics | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | solitons and solitary wave interactions | solitons and solitary wave interactions | stability of shear flows | stability of shear flowsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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A millennial challenge in biology is to decipher how vast arrays of molecular interactions inside the cell work in concert to produce a cellular function. Systems biology, a new interdisciplinary field of science, brings together biologists and physicists to tackle this grand challenge through quantitative experiments and models. In this course, we will discuss the unifying principles that all organisms use to perform cellular functions. We will also discuss key challenges faced by a cell in both single and multi-cellular organisms. Finally, we will discuss how researchers in the field of synthetic biology are using the new knowledge gained from studying naturally-occurring biological systems to create artificial gene networks capable of performing new functions. This course is one of many A millennial challenge in biology is to decipher how vast arrays of molecular interactions inside the cell work in concert to produce a cellular function. Systems biology, a new interdisciplinary field of science, brings together biologists and physicists to tackle this grand challenge through quantitative experiments and models. In this course, we will discuss the unifying principles that all organisms use to perform cellular functions. We will also discuss key challenges faced by a cell in both single and multi-cellular organisms. Finally, we will discuss how researchers in the field of synthetic biology are using the new knowledge gained from studying naturally-occurring biological systems to create artificial gene networks capable of performing new functions. This course is one of manySubjects

systems biology | systems biology | synthetic biology | synthetic biology | cell | cell | cellular functions | cellular functions | biological systems | biological systems | artificial gene networks | artificial gene networks | molecular interactions | molecular interactions | molecular biology | molecular biology | genes | genes | RNA | RNA | proteins | proteins | macromolecules | macromolecules | intracellular biochemical interactions | intracellular biochemical interactions | extracellular molecules | extracellular molecules | gene expression | gene expression | stochastic gene expression | stochastic gene expressionLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

5.74 explores time-dependent quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Topics covered include: perturbation theory, two-level systems, light-matter interactions, relaxation in quantum systems, correlation functions and linear response theory, and nonlinear spectroscopy. The instructor would like to acknowledge Anne Hudson for assisting in preparation of the 5.74 notes. 5.74 explores time-dependent quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Topics covered include: perturbation theory, two-level systems, light-matter interactions, relaxation in quantum systems, correlation functions and linear response theory, and nonlinear spectroscopy. The instructor would like to acknowledge Anne Hudson for assisting in preparation of the 5.74 notes.Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopyLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata16.120 Compressible Flow (MIT) 16.120 Compressible Flow (MIT)

Description

The course begins with the basics of compressible fluid dynamics, including governing equations, thermodynamic context and characteristic parameters. The next large block of lectures covers quasi-one-dimensional flow, followed by a discussion of disturbances and unsteady flows. The second half of the course comprises gas dynamic discontinuities, including shock waves and detonations, and concludes with another large block dealing with two-dimensional flows, both linear and non-linear. The course begins with the basics of compressible fluid dynamics, including governing equations, thermodynamic context and characteristic parameters. The next large block of lectures covers quasi-one-dimensional flow, followed by a discussion of disturbances and unsteady flows. The second half of the course comprises gas dynamic discontinuities, including shock waves and detonations, and concludes with another large block dealing with two-dimensional flows, both linear and non-linear.Subjects

compressible fluid dynamics | compressible fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | external flows | external flows | internal flows | internal flows | quasi-on-dimensional | quasi-on-dimensional | quasi-1D | quasi-1D | channel flow | channel flow | multi-dimensional flows | multi-dimensional flows | nozzles | nozzles | diffusers | diffusers | inlets | inlets | loss generation | loss generation | interactions | interactions | aerodynamic shapes | aerodynamic shapes | subsonic | subsonic | supersonic | supersonic | transonic | transonic | hypersonic | hypersonic | shock waves | shock waves | vortices | vortices | disturbance behavior | disturbance behavior | unsteady | unsteady | speed of sound | speed of sound | isentropic flows | isentropic flows | non-isentropic flows | non-isentropic flows | potential flows | potential flows | rotational flows | rotational flows | shaft work | shaft work | heat addition | heat addition | mass addition | mass addition | flow states | flow states | flow regime | flow regime | velocity non-uniformities | velocity non-uniformities | density non-uniformities | density non-uniformities | fluid system components | fluid system components | lift | lift | drag | drag | continuum flow | continuum flow | shock strength | shock strength | characteristics | characteristics | governing equations | governing equations | thermodynamic context | thermodynamic context | characteristic parameters | characteristic parameters | quasi-one-dimensional flow | quasi-one-dimensional flow | disturbances | disturbances | unsteady flow | unsteady flow | gas dynamic discontinuities | gas dynamic discontinuities | detonations | detonations | linear two-dimensional flows | linear two-dimensional flows | non-linear two-dimensional flows | non-linear two-dimensional flowsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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The purpose of this class is to offer students a new perspective on the importance of our bodily experience to our cognitive and social lives. The curriculum is designed to foster a working appreciation for how better bodily awareness can positively affect how we feel in our bodies, carry and present ourselves for improved social sensitivity and more successful social interactions. The purpose of this class is to offer students a new perspective on the importance of our bodily experience to our cognitive and social lives. The curriculum is designed to foster a working appreciation for how better bodily awareness can positively affect how we feel in our bodies, carry and present ourselves for improved social sensitivity and more successful social interactions.Subjects

physical intelligence | physical intelligence | exercise | exercise | social interactions | social interactions | training | training | balance | balance | strength | strength | flexibility | flexibility | mindfulness | mindfulness | mind and body | mind and body | cognitive development | cognitive development | self awareness | self awarenessLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

This course covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles. This course covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles.Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopyLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata6.642 Continuum Electromechanics (MIT) 6.642 Continuum Electromechanics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This course focuses on laws, approximations and relations of continuum electromechanics. Topics include mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations, statics and dynamics of electromechanical systems having a static equilibrium, electromechanical flows, and field coupling with thermal and molecular diffusion. Also covered are electrokinetics, streaming interactions, application to materials processing, magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators, ferrohydrodynamics, physiochemical systems, heat transfer, continuum feedback control, electron beam devices, and plasma dynamics. Acknowledgements The instructor would like to thank Xuancheng Shao and Anyang Hou for transcribing into LaTeX the problem set solution Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This course focuses on laws, approximations and relations of continuum electromechanics. Topics include mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations, statics and dynamics of electromechanical systems having a static equilibrium, electromechanical flows, and field coupling with thermal and molecular diffusion. Also covered are electrokinetics, streaming interactions, application to materials processing, magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators, ferrohydrodynamics, physiochemical systems, heat transfer, continuum feedback control, electron beam devices, and plasma dynamics. Acknowledgements The instructor would like to thank Xuancheng Shao and Anyang Hou for transcribing into LaTeX the problem set solutionSubjects

continuum mechanics | continuum mechanics | electromechanics | electromechanics | mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations | mechanical and electromechanical transfer relations | statics | statics | dynamics | dynamics | electromechanical systems | electromechanical systems | static equililbrium | static equililbrium | electromechanical flows | electromechanical flows | field coupling | field coupling | thermal and molecular diffusion | thermal and molecular diffusion | electrokinetics | electrokinetics | streaming interactions | streaming interactions | materials processing | materials processing | magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators | magnetohydrodynamic and electrohydrodynamic pumps and generators | ferrohydrodynamics | ferrohydrodynamics | physiochemical systems | physiochemical systems | heat transfer | heat transfer | continuum feedback control | continuum feedback control | electron beam devices | electron beam devices | plasma dynamics | plasma dynamicsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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Description

This graduate-level course provides a unified treatment of nonlinear oscillations and wave phenomena with applications to mechanical, optical, geophysical, fluid, electrical and flow-structure interaction problems.Subjects

nonlinear oscillations | wave phenomena | flow-structure interaction problems | nonlinear free and forced vibrations | nonlinear resonances | self-excited oscillations | lock-in phenomena | nonlinear dispersive and nondispersive waves | resonant wave interactions | propagation of wave pulses | nonlinear Schrodinger equation | nonlinear long waves and breaking | theory of characteristics | the Korteweg-de Vries equation | solitons and solitary wave interactions | stability of shear flowsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT) 9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

Deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior, by functional analysis of mutations and molecular analysis of their genes. Concentrates on work with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans. Deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior, by functional analysis of mutations and molecular analysis of their genes. Concentrates on work with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans.Subjects

functions of neurons | functions of neurons | interactions of neurons | interactions of neurons | development | development | organization | organization | behavior | behavior | functional analysis of mutations | functional analysis of mutations | molecular analysis of genes | molecular analysis of genes | nematodes | nematodes | fruit flies | fruit flies | humans | humans | 9.322 | 9.322License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT) 22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. We will discuss natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, and various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation, with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection. This course provides an introduction to the basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. We will discuss natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, and various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation, with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection.Subjects

ionizing radiation | ionizing radiation | natural radiation | natural radiation | man-made radiation | man-made radiation | energy deposition | energy deposition | dose calculations | dose calculations | radiation protection | radiation protection | radiation damage | radiation damage | DNA | DNA | cell survival curves | cell survival curves | radioactive decay | radioactive decay | beta decay | beta decay | gamma decay | gamma decay | radiological dating | radiological dating | radiation interactions | radiation interactions | radon | radon | medical imaging | medical imagingLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata12.802 Wave Motions in the Ocean and Atmosphere (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to basic ideas of geophysical wave motion in rotating, stratified, and rotating-stratified fluids. Subject begins with general wave concepts of phase and group velocity. It also covers the dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves with a focus on dispersion, energy flux, initial value problems, etc. Also addressed are subject foundation used to study internal and inertial waves, Kelvin, Poincare, and Rossby waves in homogeneous and stratified fluids. Laplace tidal equations are applied to equatorial waves. Other topics include: resonant interactions, potential vorticity, wave-mean flow interactions, and instability.Subjects

geophysical wave motion | rotating | stratified | and rotating-stratified fluids | general wave concepts | phase | group velocity | dynamics and kinematics of gravity waves | dispersion | energy flux | initial value problems | internal and inertial waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | homogeneous and stratified fluids | Laplace tidal equations | equatorial waves | resonant interactions | potential vorticity | wave-mean flow interactions | instability | 12. Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | Kelvin | Poincare | and Rossby waves | internal gravity waves | surface gravity waves | rotation | large-scale hydrostatic motions | vertical structure equation | equatorial ?-plane | Stratified Quasi-Geostrophic MotionLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This class provides an introduction to the interactions between cells and the surfaces of biomaterials. The course covers: surface chemistry and physics of selected metals, polymers, and ceramics; surface characterization methodology; modification of biomaterials surfaces; quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture; biosensors and microarrays; bulk properties of implants; and acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials. General topics include biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. This class provides an introduction to the interactions between cells and the surfaces of biomaterials. The course covers: surface chemistry and physics of selected metals, polymers, and ceramics; surface characterization methodology; modification of biomaterials surfaces; quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture; biosensors and microarrays; bulk properties of implants; and acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials. General topics include biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering.Subjects

interactions between proteins | cells and surfaces of biomaterials | interactions between proteins | cells and surfaces of biomaterials | surface chemistry and physics of metals | polymers and ceramics | surface chemistry and physics of metals | polymers and ceramics | Surface characterization methodology | Surface characterization methodology | Quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture | Quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture | Organ replacement therapies | Organ replacement therapies | Acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials | Acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials | biosensors | drug delivery and tissue engineering | biosensors | drug delivery and tissue engineeringLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation. Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation.Subjects

immunology | immunology | immune system | immune system | immune evasion | immune evasion | pathogen | pathogen | effector function | effector function | infections | infections | Human cytomegalovirus | Human cytomegalovirus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | CD4 cells | CD4 cells | CD8 cells | CD8 cells | T cells | T cells | surace receptors | surace receptors | cell lysis | cell lysis | host-pathogen interactions | host-pathogen interactions | host surveillance | host surveillance | antibodies | antibodies | MHC class I | MHC class I | blood-borne pathogens | blood-borne pathogens | macrophages | macrophages | phagocytosis | phagocytosis | endocytosis | endocytosis | degradation | degradation | antigen | antigen | apoptosis | apoptosis | cytokines | cytokines | immune response | immune responseLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata3.46 Photonic Materials and Devices (MIT) 3.46 Photonic Materials and Devices (MIT)

Description

This course covers the theory, design, fabrication and applications of photonic materials and devices. After a survey of optical materials design for semiconductors, dielectrics and polymers, the course examines ray optics, electromagnetic optics and guided wave optics; physics of light-matter interactions; and device design principles of LEDs, lasers, photodetectors, modulators, fiber and waveguide interconnects, optical filters, and photonic crystals. Device processing topics include crystal growth, substrate engineering, thin film deposition, etching and process integration for dielectric, silicon and compound semiconductor materials. The course also covers microphotonic integrated circuits and applications in telecom/datacom systems. Course assignments include four design projects that This course covers the theory, design, fabrication and applications of photonic materials and devices. After a survey of optical materials design for semiconductors, dielectrics and polymers, the course examines ray optics, electromagnetic optics and guided wave optics; physics of light-matter interactions; and device design principles of LEDs, lasers, photodetectors, modulators, fiber and waveguide interconnects, optical filters, and photonic crystals. Device processing topics include crystal growth, substrate engineering, thin film deposition, etching and process integration for dielectric, silicon and compound semiconductor materials. The course also covers microphotonic integrated circuits and applications in telecom/datacom systems. Course assignments include four design projects thatSubjects

Optical materials design | Optical materials design | Ray optics | Ray optics | electromagnetic optics | electromagnetic optics | guided wave optics | guided wave optics | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | LED | LED | laser | laser | photodetector | photodetector | modulator | modulator | interconnect | interconnect | optical filter | optical filter | photonic crystals | photonic crystals | crystal growth | crystal growth | substrate engineering | substrate engineering | thin film deposition | thin film deposition | microphotonic integrated circuits | microphotonic integrated circuits | telecom and datacom systems | telecom and datacom systemsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata22.55J Principles of Radiation Interactions (MIT) 22.55J Principles of Radiation Interactions (MIT)

Description

The central theme of this course is the interaction of radiation with biological material. The course is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Topics will include: the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage; in vitro cell survival models; and in vivo mammalian systems. The course covers radiation therapy, radiation syndromes in humans and carcinogenesis. Environmental radiation sources on earth and in space, and aspects of radiation protection are also discussed. Examples from the current literature will be used to supplement lecture materi The central theme of this course is the interaction of radiation with biological material. The course is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Topics will include: the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage; in vitro cell survival models; and in vivo mammalian systems. The course covers radiation therapy, radiation syndromes in humans and carcinogenesis. Environmental radiation sources on earth and in space, and aspects of radiation protection are also discussed. Examples from the current literature will be used to supplement lecture materiSubjects

Interaction of radiation with biological material | Interaction of radiation with biological material | how different types of radiation deposit energy | how different types of radiation deposit energy | secondary radiations | secondary radiations | how radiation affects cells | how radiation affects cells | biological effects | biological effects | effects of radiation on biological systems | effects of radiation on biological systems | DNA damage | DNA damage | in vitro cell survival models | in vitro cell survival models | in vivo mammalian systems | in vivo mammalian systems | radiation therapy | radiation therapy | radiation syndromes in humans | radiation syndromes in humans | carcinogenesis | carcinogenesis | Environmental radiation sources | Environmental radiation sources | radiation protection | radiation protection | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | radiation interactions | radiation interactions | radiation chemistry | radiation chemistry | LET | LET | tracks | tracks | chromosome damags | chromosome damags | in vivo | in vivo | in vitro | in vitro | cell survival curves | cell survival curves | dose response | dose response | RBE | RBE | clustered damage | clustered damage | radiation response | radiation response | tumor kinetics | tumor kinetics | tumor radiobiology | tumor radiobiology | fractionation | fractionation | protons | protons | alpha particles | alpha particles | whole body exposure | whole body exposure | chronic exposure | chronic exposure | space | space | microbeams | microbeams | radon | radon | background radiation | background radiation | 22.55 | 22.55 | HST.560 | HST.560License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT) 22.01 Introduction to Ionizing Radiation (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. We will discuss natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, and various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation, with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection. This course provides an introduction to the basic properties of ionizing radiations and their uses in medicine, industry, science, and environmental studies. We will discuss natural and man-made radiation sources, energy deposition and dose calculations, and various physical, chemical, and biological processes and effects of radiation, with examples of their uses, and principles of radiation protection.Subjects

ionizing radiation | ionizing radiation | natural radiation | natural radiation | man-made radiation | man-made radiation | energy deposition | energy deposition | dose calculations | dose calculations | radiation protection | radiation protection | radiation damage | radiation damage | DNA | DNA | cell survival curves | cell survival curves | radioactive decay | radioactive decay | beta decay | beta decay | gamma decay | gamma decay | radiological dating | radiological dating | radiation interactions | radiation interactions | radon | radon | medical imaging | medical imagingLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

This class covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, molecular spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles. This class covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, molecular spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles.Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopyLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata5.08J Biological Chemistry II (MIT) 5.08J Biological Chemistry II (MIT)

Description

This course deals with a more advanced treatment of the biochemical mechanisms that underlie biological processes. Emphasis will be given to the experimental methods used to unravel how these processes fit into the cellular context as well as the coordinated regulation of these processes. Topics include macromolecular machines for energy and force transduction, regulation of biosynthetic and degradative pathways, and the structure and function of nucleic acids. This course deals with a more advanced treatment of the biochemical mechanisms that underlie biological processes. Emphasis will be given to the experimental methods used to unravel how these processes fit into the cellular context as well as the coordinated regulation of these processes. Topics include macromolecular machines for energy and force transduction, regulation of biosynthetic and degradative pathways, and the structure and function of nucleic acids.Subjects

biochemistry | biochemistry | biological chemistry | biological chemistry | Rasmol | Rasmol | Deep Viewer | Deep Viewer | CHIME | CHIME | BLAST | BLAST | PDB | PDB | macromolecular machines | macromolecular machines | protein folding | protein folding | protein degradation | protein degradation | fatty acid synthases | fatty acid synthases | polyketide synthases | polyketide synthases | non-ribosomal polypeptide synthases | non-ribosomal polypeptide synthases | metal homeostasis | metal homeostasis | biochemical mechanisms | biochemical mechanisms | biochemical pathways | biochemical pathways | macromolecular interactions | macromolecular interactions | ribosome | ribosome | mRNA | mRNA | metabolic networking | metabolic networking | 5.08 | 5.08 | 7.08 | 7.08License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata6.453 Quantum Optical Communication (MIT) 6.453 Quantum Optical Communication (MIT)

Description

This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, and quantum systems theory. Specific topics include the following: Dirac notation quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator quantization; number states, coherent states, and squeezed states; P-representation and classical fields; direct, homodyne, and heterodyne detection; linear propagation loss; phase insensitive and phase sensitive amplifiers; entanglement and teleportation; field quantization; quantum photodetection; phase-matched interactions; optical parametric amplifiers; generation of squeezed states, photon-twin beams, non-classical fourth-order interference, and pola This course is offered to graduate students and covers topics in five major areas of quantum optical communication: quantum optics, single-mode and two-mode quantum systems, multi-mode quantum systems, nonlinear optics, and quantum systems theory. Specific topics include the following: Dirac notation quantum mechanics; harmonic oscillator quantization; number states, coherent states, and squeezed states; P-representation and classical fields; direct, homodyne, and heterodyne detection; linear propagation loss; phase insensitive and phase sensitive amplifiers; entanglement and teleportation; field quantization; quantum photodetection; phase-matched interactions; optical parametric amplifiers; generation of squeezed states, photon-twin beams, non-classical fourth-order interference, and polaSubjects

Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics | Quantum optics: Dirac notation quantum mechanics | harmonic oscillator quantization | harmonic oscillator quantization | number states | number states | coherent states | coherent states | and squeezed states | and squeezed states | radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation | radiation field quantization and quantum field propagation | P-representation and classical fields. Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle | P-representation and classical fields. Linear loss and linear amplification: commutator preservation and the Uncertainty Principle | beam splitters | beam splitters | phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers. Quantum photodetection: direct detection | phase-insensitive and phase-sensitive amplifiers. Quantum photodetection: direct detection | heterodyne detection | heterodyne detection | and homodyne detection. Second-order nonlinear optics: phasematched interactions | and homodyne detection. Second-order nonlinear optics: phasematched interactions | optical parametric amplifiers | optical parametric amplifiers | generation of squeezed states | generation of squeezed states | photon-twin beams | photon-twin beams | non-classical fourth-order interference | non-classical fourth-order interference | and polarization entanglement. Quantum systems theory: optimum binary detection | and polarization entanglement. Quantum systems theory: optimum binary detection | quantum precision measurements | quantum precision measurements | quantum cryptography | quantum cryptography | and quantum teleportation. | and quantum teleportation.License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata8.902 Astrophysics II (MIT) 8.902 Astrophysics II (MIT)

Description

This is the second course in a two-semester sequence on astrophysics. Topics include galactic dynamics, groups and clusters on galaxies, phenomenological cosmology, Newtonian cosmology, Roberston-Walker models, and galaxy formation. This is the second course in a two-semester sequence on astrophysics. Topics include galactic dynamics, groups and clusters on galaxies, phenomenological cosmology, Newtonian cosmology, Roberston-Walker models, and galaxy formation.Subjects

Galactic dynamics | Galactic dynamics | potential theory | potential theory | orbits | orbits | collisionless Boltzmann equations | collisionless Boltzmann equations | Galaxy interactions | Galaxy interactions | Groups and clusters | Groups and clusters | dark matter | dark matter | Intergalactic medium | Intergalactic medium | x-ray clusters | x-ray clusters | Active galactic nuclei | Active galactic nuclei | unified models | unified models | black hole accretion | black hole accretion | radio and optical jets | radio and optical jets | Homogeneity and isotropy | Homogeneity and isotropy | redshift | redshift | galaxy distance ladder | galaxy distance ladder | Newtonian cosmology | Newtonian cosmology | Roberston-Walker models and cosmography | Roberston-Walker models and cosmography | Early universe | Early universe | primordial nucleosynthesis | primordial nucleosynthesis | recombination | recombination | Cosmic microwave background radiation | Cosmic microwave background radiation | Large-scale structure | Large-scale structure | galaxy formation | galaxy formationLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT) 8.511 Theory of Solids I (MIT)

Description

This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity. This is the first term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include crystal structure and band theory, density functional theory, a survey of properties of metals and semiconductors, quantum Hall effect, phonons, electron phonon interaction and superconductivity.Subjects

physics of solids | physics of solids | elementary excitations | elementary excitations | symmetry | symmetry | theory of representations | theory of representations | energy bands | energy bands | excitons | excitons | critical points | critical points | response functions | response functions | interactions in the electron gas | interactions in the electron gas | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | electronic structure of metals | semimetals | semiconductors | semiconductors | insulators | insulators | Free electron model | Free electron model | Crystalline lattice | Crystalline lattice | Debye Waller factor | Debye Waller factor | Bravais lattice | Bravais lattice | Pseudopotential | Pseudopotential | van Hove singularity | van Hove singularity | Bloch oscillation | Bloch oscillation | quantization of orbits | quantization of orbits | de Haas-van Alphen effect | de Haas-van Alphen effect | Quantum Hall effect | Quantum Hall effect | Electron-electron interaction | Electron-electron interaction | Hartree-Fock approximation | Hartree-Fock approximation | Exchange energy for Jellium | Exchange energy for Jellium | Density functional theory | Density functional theory | Hubbard model | Hubbard model | Electron-phonon coupling | Electron-phonon coupling | phonons | phononsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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Analysis and design at a molecular scale of materials used in contact with biological systems, including biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Topics include molecular interactions between bio- and synthetic molecules and surfaces; design, synthesis, and processing approaches for materials that control cell functions; and application of state-of-the-art materials science to problems in tissue engineering, drug delivery, biosensors, and cell-guiding surfaces.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the U.S Analysis and design at a molecular scale of materials used in contact with biological systems, including biotechnology and biomedical engineering. Topics include molecular interactions between bio- and synthetic molecules and surfaces; design, synthesis, and processing approaches for materials that control cell functions; and application of state-of-the-art materials science to problems in tissue engineering, drug delivery, biosensors, and cell-guiding surfaces.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files found on this course site. Free Microsoft® Excel viewer software can also be used to view the .xls files.Microsoft® is a registered trademark or trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the U.SSubjects

Analysis | Analysis | design | design | molecular scale | molecular scale | biological systems | biological systems | biotechnology | biotechnology | biomedical engineering | biomedical engineering | molecular interactions | molecular interactions | synthetic molecules | synthetic molecules | synthesis | synthesis | processing approaches | processing approaches | cell functions | cell functions | materials science | materials science | tissue engineering | tissue engineering | drug delivery | drug delivery | biosensors | biosensors | cell-guiding surfaces | cell-guiding surfaces | BE.462J | BE.462J | BE.462 | BE.462 | 3.962 | 3.962License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata24.962 Advanced Phonology (MIT) 24.962 Advanced Phonology (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on phonological phenomena that are sensitive to morphological structure, including base-reduplicant identity, cyclicity, level ordering, derived environment effects, opaque rule interactions, and morpheme structure constraints. In the recent OT literature, it has been claimed that all of these phenomena can be analyzed with a single theoretical device: correspondence constraints, which regulate the similarity of lexically related forms (such as input and output, base and derivative, base and reduplicant). This course focuses on phonological phenomena that are sensitive to morphological structure, including base-reduplicant identity, cyclicity, level ordering, derived environment effects, opaque rule interactions, and morpheme structure constraints. In the recent OT literature, it has been claimed that all of these phenomena can be analyzed with a single theoretical device: correspondence constraints, which regulate the similarity of lexically related forms (such as input and output, base and derivative, base and reduplicant).Subjects

Linguistics | Linguistics | phonological phenomena | phonological phenomena | morphological structure | morphological structure | base-reduplicant identity | base-reduplicant identity | cyclicity | cyclicity | level ordering | level ordering | derived environment effects | derived environment effects | opaque rule interactions | opaque rule interactions | morpheme structure constraints | morpheme structure constraints | correspondence constraints | correspondence constraintsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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