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11.368 Environmental Justice (MIT) 11.368 Environmental Justice (MIT)

Description

This class explores the foundations of the environmental justice movement, current and emerging issues, and the application of environmental justice analysis to environmental policy and planning. It examines claims made by diverse groups along with the policy and civil society responses that address perceived inequity and injustice. While focused mainly on the United States, international issues and perspectives are also considered. This class explores the foundations of the environmental justice movement, current and emerging issues, and the application of environmental justice analysis to environmental policy and planning. It examines claims made by diverse groups along with the policy and civil society responses that address perceived inequity and injustice. While focused mainly on the United States, international issues and perspectives are also considered.

Subjects

environmental justice | environmental justice | environmental justice analysis | environmental justice analysis | environmental policy and planning | environmental policy and planning | inequity | inequity | injustice | injustice | politics | politics | planning | planning | global environment | global environment | sustainability | sustainability | environment | environment | green design | green design | anthropology | anthropology | ecology | ecology | biological hazards | biological hazards | Environmental Protection Agency | Environmental Protection Agency

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.959 Reforming Natural Resources Governance: Failings of Scientific Rationalism and Alternatives for Building Common Ground (MIT) 11.959 Reforming Natural Resources Governance: Failings of Scientific Rationalism and Alternatives for Building Common Ground (MIT)

Description

For the last century, precepts of scientific management and administrative rationality have concentrated power in the hands of technical specialists, which in recent decades has contributed to widespread disenfranchisement and discontent among stakeholders in natural resources cases. In this seminar we examine the limitations of scientific management as a model both for governance and for gathering and using information, and describe alternative methods for informing and organizing decision-making processes. We feature cases involving large carnivores in the West (mountain lions and grizzly bears), Northeast coastal fisheries, and adaptive management of the Colorado River. There will be nightly readings and a short written assignment. For the last century, precepts of scientific management and administrative rationality have concentrated power in the hands of technical specialists, which in recent decades has contributed to widespread disenfranchisement and discontent among stakeholders in natural resources cases. In this seminar we examine the limitations of scientific management as a model both for governance and for gathering and using information, and describe alternative methods for informing and organizing decision-making processes. We feature cases involving large carnivores in the West (mountain lions and grizzly bears), Northeast coastal fisheries, and adaptive management of the Colorado River. There will be nightly readings and a short written assignment.

Subjects

role-play simulation | role-play simulation | policymakers | policymakers | Cape Wind controversy | Cape Wind controversy | wind farms | wind farms | wind farm | wind farm | ecosystems | ecosystems | natural resources management | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science organizations | science | science | decision-making | decision-making | science agencies | science agencies | National Environmental Policy Act | National Environmental Policy Act | NEPA | NEPA | scientists | scientists | society | society | collaborative approaches | collaborative approaches | joint fact finding | joint fact finding | environment | environment | policy making | policy making | decision making | decision making | ethics in science | ethics in science | values | values | environmental policy | environmental policy | collaborative learning | collaborative learning | local and indigenous knowledge | local and indigenous knowledge | adaptive management | adaptive management | adaptive governance | adaptive governance | eco-system management | eco-system management | USGS | USGS | United States Geological Survey | United States Geological Survey

License

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11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT) 11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT)

Description

This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulation, and the importance of expertise vs. indigenous knowledge. Its emphasis is placed on environmental planning techniques and strategies. Related topics include the management of sustainability, the politics of ecosystem management, environmental governance and the changing role of civil society, ecological economics, integrated assessment (combining environmental impact assessment (EIA) and risk assessment), joint fact finding in science-intensive policy disputes, environmental justice in poor communities of color, and environmental dispute resolution. This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulation, and the importance of expertise vs. indigenous knowledge. Its emphasis is placed on environmental planning techniques and strategies. Related topics include the management of sustainability, the politics of ecosystem management, environmental governance and the changing role of civil society, ecological economics, integrated assessment (combining environmental impact assessment (EIA) and risk assessment), joint fact finding in science-intensive policy disputes, environmental justice in poor communities of color, and environmental dispute resolution.

Subjects

Experimental investigations of speech processes. Topics: measurement of articulatory movements | Experimental investigations of speech processes. Topics: measurement of articulatory movements | measurements of pressures and airflows in speech production | measurements of pressures and airflows in speech production | computer-aided waveform analysis and spectral analysis of speech | computer-aided waveform analysis and spectral analysis of speech | synthesis of speech | synthesis of speech | perception and discrimination of speechlike sounds | perception and discrimination of speechlike sounds | speech prosody | speech prosody | models for speech recognition | models for speech recognition | speech disorders | speech disorders | other topics | other topics | environment | environment | environmental planning | environmental planning | environmental policy | environmental policy | ethics | ethics | land use planning | land use planning | environmental management | environmental management | growth | growth | scarcity | scarcity | command and control | command and control | market forces | market forces | utilitarianism | utilitarianism | deep ecology | deep ecology | expert knowledge | expert knowledge | indigeneous knowledge | indigeneous knowledge | land conservation | land conservation | sustainable design | sustainable design | growth management | growth management | hazard mitigation | hazard mitigation | ecosystem management | ecosystem management | geospatial data | geospatial data | stormwater management | stormwater management | runoff pollution | runoff pollution | landscape ecology | landscape ecology | biodiversity | biodiversity | integrated assessment | integrated assessment | professional practice | professional practice

License

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11.370 Brownfields Policy and Practice (MIT) 11.370 Brownfields Policy and Practice (MIT)

Description

There are several hundred thousand Brownfield sites across the country. The large number of sites, combined with how a majority of these properties are located in urban and historically underserved communities, dictate that redevelopment of these sites stands to be a common theme in urban planning for the foreseeable future. Students form a grounded understanding of the Brownfield lifecycle: how and why they were created, their potential role in community revitalization, and the general processes governing their redevelopment. Using case studies and guest speakers from the public, private and non-profit sectors, students develop and hone skills to effectively address the problems posed by these inactive sites. There are several hundred thousand Brownfield sites across the country. The large number of sites, combined with how a majority of these properties are located in urban and historically underserved communities, dictate that redevelopment of these sites stands to be a common theme in urban planning for the foreseeable future. Students form a grounded understanding of the Brownfield lifecycle: how and why they were created, their potential role in community revitalization, and the general processes governing their redevelopment. Using case studies and guest speakers from the public, private and non-profit sectors, students develop and hone skills to effectively address the problems posed by these inactive sites.

Subjects

brownfields | brownfields | environmental policy | environmental policy | environmental practice | environmental practice | planning | planning | urban redevelopment | urban redevelopment | market forces | market forces | law and liability | law and liability | environmental justice | environmental justice | under-served communities | under-served communities | environmental technology | environmental technology | risk assessment | risk assessment | economics | economics | risk management | risk management | community development corporations | community development corporations | politics | politics | Lynn | MA | Lynn | MA

License

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe. This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | Planning | Planning | water supply | water supply | sanitation | sanitation | developing countries | developing countries | sanitation technologies | sanitation technologies | service pricing | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | alternative institutional structures | privatization | privatization | consumer demand | consumer demand | community participation | community participation | planning processes | planning processes | environmental health | environmental health | public health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | low-income households | case studies | case studies | policy memos | policy memos | journals | journals | environment | environment | sustainability | sustainability | pollution | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT) 11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT)

Description

This course will explore the mutual influences of ideas of nature, theories of city design and planning, and practices of urban design, construction, and management. We will investigate how natural processes shape urban landscapes (from the scale of street corner to region) and how to intervene strategically in those processes in order to achieve certain goals. We will examine cases of cities that adapted successfully to natural processes and those that did not. Students will then have the opportunity to research a case of their choice and to present their findings for discussion. The subject may be historical or an an example of contemporary theory and practice. Additional information is also available at Professor Spirn's class website. This course will explore the mutual influences of ideas of nature, theories of city design and planning, and practices of urban design, construction, and management. We will investigate how natural processes shape urban landscapes (from the scale of street corner to region) and how to intervene strategically in those processes in order to achieve certain goals. We will examine cases of cities that adapted successfully to natural processes and those that did not. Students will then have the opportunity to research a case of their choice and to present their findings for discussion. The subject may be historical or an an example of contemporary theory and practice. Additional information is also available at Professor Spirn's class website.

Subjects

urban nature | urban nature | city design | city design | urban design | urban design | environmental design | environmental design | landscape architecture | landscape architecture | boston | boston | ma | ma | philadelphia | philadelphia | pa | pa | earth | earth | water | water | air | air | urban biome | urban biome | community building | community building | environmental reconstruction | environmental reconstruction | new orleans | new orleans | la | la | environmental restoration | environmental restoration

License

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14.42 Environmental Policy and Economics (MIT) 14.42 Environmental Policy and Economics (MIT)

Description

This course explores the proper role of government in the regulation of the environment. It will help students develop the tools to estimate the costs and benefits of environmental regulations. These tools will be used to evaluate a series of current policy questions, including: Should air and water pollution regulations be tightened or loosened? What are the costs of climate change in the U.S. and abroad? Is there a "Race to the Bottom" in environmental regulation? What is "sustainable development"? How do environmental problems differ in developing countries? Are we running out of oil and other natural resources? Should we be more energy efficient? To gain real world experience, the course is scheduled to include a visit to the MIT cogeneration plant. We will also do This course explores the proper role of government in the regulation of the environment. It will help students develop the tools to estimate the costs and benefits of environmental regulations. These tools will be used to evaluate a series of current policy questions, including: Should air and water pollution regulations be tightened or loosened? What are the costs of climate change in the U.S. and abroad? Is there a "Race to the Bottom" in environmental regulation? What is "sustainable development"? How do environmental problems differ in developing countries? Are we running out of oil and other natural resources? Should we be more energy efficient? To gain real world experience, the course is scheduled to include a visit to the MIT cogeneration plant. We will also do

Subjects

economics | economics | policy | policy | environment | environment | environmental economics | environmental economics | public policy | public policy | cost-benefit analysis | cost-benefit analysis | resource management | resource management | environmental regulation | environmental regulation | health | health | sustainability | sustainability | public goods | public goods | pollution | pollution | Pigouvian taxes | Pigouvian taxes | liability | liability | kuznets curves | kuznets curves | competition | competition | growth | growth | double dividend | double dividend | hedonic | hedonic | valuation | valuation | global warming | global warming | Porter hypothesis | Porter hypothesis | social choice | social choice | carbon offsets | carbon offsets | clean development | clean development | renewables | renewables

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT) 1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport. Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport.

Subjects

river systems | river systems | lake systems | lake systems | scalar transport in environmental flows | scalar transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | stratification in lakes | stratification in lakes | buoyancy-driven flows | buoyancy-driven flows | settling and coagulation | settling and coagulation | air-water exchange | air-water exchange | bed-water exchange | bed-water exchange | phase partitioning | phase partitioning | dissolution | dissolution | boundary layers | boundary layers | molecular diffusion | molecular diffusion | turbulent diffusion | turbulent diffusion | water transportation | water transportation | advection | advection | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | derivation | derivation | Diffusion | Diffusion | dispersion | dispersion | environmental flows | environmental flows | instantaneous point source | instantaneous point source | lakes | lakes | mass | mass | transport | transport | particle transport | particle transport | rivers | rivers | scaling | scaling | turbulence | turbulence | water flow | water flow

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.368 Environmental Justice (MIT)

Description

This class explores the foundations of the environmental justice movement, current and emerging issues, and the application of environmental justice analysis to environmental policy and planning. It examines claims made by diverse groups along with the policy and civil society responses that address perceived inequity and injustice. While focused mainly on the United States, international issues and perspectives are also considered.

Subjects

environmental justice | environmental justice analysis | environmental policy and planning | inequity | injustice | politics | planning | global environment | sustainability | environment | green design | anthropology | ecology | biological hazards | Environmental Protection Agency

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.601 Introduction to Environmental Policy and Planning (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on national environmental and energy policy-making; environmental ethics; the techniques of environmental analysis; and strategies for collaborative environmental decision-making. The primary objective of the course is to help students formulate a personal theory of environmental planning practice. The course is taught comparatively, with constant references to examples from around the world. It is required of all graduate students pursuing an environmental policy and planning specialization in the Department of Urban Studies and Planning at MIT. This course is the first subject in the Environmental Policy and Planning sequence. It reviews philosophical debates including growth vs. deep ecology, "command-and-control" vs. market-oriented approaches to regulatio

Subjects

environmental policy | environmental planning | environment | policy making | environmental ethics | ethics | environmental analysis | environmental impact assessment | sustainability analysis | energy planning | energy

License

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STS.320 Environmental Conflict and Social Change (MIT) STS.320 Environmental Conflict and Social Change (MIT)

Description

This graduate-level class explores the complex interrelationships among humans and natural environments, focusing on non-western parts of the world in addition to Europe and the United States. It uses environmental conflict to draw attention to competing understandings and uses of "nature" as well as the local, national and transnational power relationships in which environmental interactions are embedded. In addition to utilizing a range of theoretical perspectives, this subject draws upon a series of ethnographic case studies of environmental conflicts in various parts of the world. This graduate-level class explores the complex interrelationships among humans and natural environments, focusing on non-western parts of the world in addition to Europe and the United States. It uses environmental conflict to draw attention to competing understandings and uses of "nature" as well as the local, national and transnational power relationships in which environmental interactions are embedded. In addition to utilizing a range of theoretical perspectives, this subject draws upon a series of ethnographic case studies of environmental conflicts in various parts of the world.

Subjects

Anthropology | Anthropology | complex interrelationships | complex interrelationships | humans | humans | natural environments | natural environments | conflict | conflict | access | access | land rights | land rights | hunting | hunting | fishing | fishing | environmental regulations | environmental regulations | scientific | scientific | popular | popular | knowledge | knowledge | biotechnology | biotechnology | hazardous waste | hazardous waste | social | social | economic | economic | political | political | environmental | environmental | stakes | stakes | forest | forest | agricultural | agricultural | marine | marine | urban | urban | cultural | cultural | historical | historical | power relationships | power relationships | local | local | national | national | international levels. nature | international levels. nature | European thought | European thought | theoretical paradigms | theoretical paradigms | ethnographic | ethnographic | East Africa | East Africa | South Asia | South Asia | Southeast Asia | Southeast Asia | Eastern Europe | Eastern Europe | North America | North America

License

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11.947 Urbanization and Development (MIT) 11.947 Urbanization and Development (MIT)

Description

The course examines the causes and effects of rapid urbanization in developing countries. Using case studies from the world's four major developing regions, including (among others) Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Managua, Singapore, Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Kabul, Beirut, Cairo, Kinshasa, Cape Town and Johannesburg, it explores the economic and political dynamics that grease the wheels of contemporary patterns of growth. In addition to examining both local and transnational forces that drive contemporary urbanization, the course focuses on key issues that emerge in rapidly growing cities of the developing world, ranging from growing income inequality and socio-economic exclusion, environmental challenges, and rising violence. Class sessions are discussion-based and focus on a critical analysis o The course examines the causes and effects of rapid urbanization in developing countries. Using case studies from the world's four major developing regions, including (among others) Mexico City, Buenos Aires, Managua, Singapore, Hong Kong, Guangzhou, Kabul, Beirut, Cairo, Kinshasa, Cape Town and Johannesburg, it explores the economic and political dynamics that grease the wheels of contemporary patterns of growth. In addition to examining both local and transnational forces that drive contemporary urbanization, the course focuses on key issues that emerge in rapidly growing cities of the developing world, ranging from growing income inequality and socio-economic exclusion, environmental challenges, and rising violence. Class sessions are discussion-based and focus on a critical analysis o

Subjects

sustainable development | sustainable development | economic development | economic development | brownfields | brownfields | neighborhoods | neighborhoods | market analysis | market analysis | industrial ecology | industrial ecology | green development | green development | economic base analysis | economic base analysis | economic indicators | economic indicators | environmental risks | environmental risks | pollution | pollution | environmental health | environmental health | environmental justice | environmental justice | green design | green design | technology transfer | technology transfer | small business development | small business development | land use planning | land use planning

License

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11.941 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part I (MIT) 11.941 Use of Joint Fact Finding in Science Intensive Policy Disputes, Part I (MIT)

Description

11.941 and 11.942 make up a one-year seminar. The goal of this seminar is to explore the role of science and scientists in ecosystems and natural resources management focusing on joint fact finding as a new approach to environmental policy-making. Increasingly scientists and science organizations are confronting a conundrum: Why is science often ignored in important societal decisions even as the call for decisions based on sound science escalates? One reason is that decision-making is often driven by a variety of nonscientific, adversarial, and stakeholder dynamics. Thus, even though science helps inform choices, it is only one of many values and interests considered by each stakeholder. In response to this emerging challenge, scientists, and science agencies such as the U.S. Geologi 11.941 and 11.942 make up a one-year seminar. The goal of this seminar is to explore the role of science and scientists in ecosystems and natural resources management focusing on joint fact finding as a new approach to environmental policy-making. Increasingly scientists and science organizations are confronting a conundrum: Why is science often ignored in important societal decisions even as the call for decisions based on sound science escalates? One reason is that decision-making is often driven by a variety of nonscientific, adversarial, and stakeholder dynamics. Thus, even though science helps inform choices, it is only one of many values and interests considered by each stakeholder. In response to this emerging challenge, scientists, and science agencies such as the U.S. Geologi

Subjects

ecosystems | ecosystems | natural resources management | natural resources management | environmental policy-making | environmental policy-making | science organizations | science organizations | science | science | decision-making | decision-making | science agencies | science agencies | U.S. Geological Survey | U.S. Geological Survey | environmental conflicts | environmental conflicts | Cape Wind controversy | Cape Wind controversy | disputes | disputes | joint fact finding | joint fact finding | environmental policy | environmental policy

License

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11.947 Sustainable Economic Development (MIT) 11.947 Sustainable Economic Development (MIT)

Description

This course explores the application of environmental and economic development planning, policy and management approaches to urban neighborhood community development. Through an applied service learning approach, the course requires students to prepare a sustainable development plan for a community-based non-profit organization. Through this client-based planning project, students will have the opportunity to test how sustainable development concepts and different economic and environmental planning approaches can be applied to advance specific community goals within the constraints of specific neighborhoods and community organizations. This course explores the application of environmental and economic development planning, policy and management approaches to urban neighborhood community development. Through an applied service learning approach, the course requires students to prepare a sustainable development plan for a community-based non-profit organization. Through this client-based planning project, students will have the opportunity to test how sustainable development concepts and different economic and environmental planning approaches can be applied to advance specific community goals within the constraints of specific neighborhoods and community organizations.

Subjects

sustainable development | sustainable development | economic development | economic development | brownfields | brownfields | neighborhoods | neighborhoods | market analysis | market analysis | industrial ecology | industrial ecology | green development | green development | economic base analysis | economic base analysis | economic indicators | economic indicators | environmental risks | environmental risks | pollution | pollution | environmental health | environmental health | environmental justice | environmental justice | green design | green design | technology transfer | technology transfer | small business development | small business development | land use planning | land use planning

License

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ESD.123J Systems Perspectives on Industrial Ecology (MIT) ESD.123J Systems Perspectives on Industrial Ecology (MIT)

Description

This course examines quantitative techniques for life cycle analysis of the impacts of materials extraction, processing use, and recycling; and economic analysis of materials processing, products, and markets. Student teams undertake a major case study using the latest methods of analysis and computer-based models of materials process. This course examines quantitative techniques for life cycle analysis of the impacts of materials extraction, processing use, and recycling; and economic analysis of materials processing, products, and markets. Student teams undertake a major case study using the latest methods of analysis and computer-based models of materials process.

Subjects

ESD.123 | ESD.123 | 1.814 | 1.814 | 3.560 | 3.560 | Sustainability | Sustainability | environment | environment | manufacturing | manufacturing | life-cycle analysis | life-cycle analysis | life-cycle assessment | life-cycle assessment | LCA | LCA | system design | system design | materials selection | materials selection | waste | waste | recycling | recycling | environmentalism | environmentalism | environmental policy | environmental policy | industrial policy | industrial policy

License

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17.441 International Politics and Climate Change (MIT) 17.441 International Politics and Climate Change (MIT)

Description

This course examines the interconnections of international politics and climate change. Beginning with an analysis of the strategic and environmental legacies of the 20th Century, it explores the politicization of the natural environment, the role of science in this process, and the gradual shifts in political concerns to incorporate "nature". Two general thrusts of climate-politics connections are pursued, namely those related to (a) conflict – focusing on threats to security due to environmental dislocations and (b) cooperation – focusing on the politics of international treaties that have contributed to emergent processes for global accord in response to evidence of climate change. The course concludes by addressing the question of: "What Next?" This course examines the interconnections of international politics and climate change. Beginning with an analysis of the strategic and environmental legacies of the 20th Century, it explores the politicization of the natural environment, the role of science in this process, and the gradual shifts in political concerns to incorporate "nature". Two general thrusts of climate-politics connections are pursued, namely those related to (a) conflict – focusing on threats to security due to environmental dislocations and (b) cooperation – focusing on the politics of international treaties that have contributed to emergent processes for global accord in response to evidence of climate change. The course concludes by addressing the question of: "What Next?"

Subjects

international politics | international politics | climate change | climate change | biodiversity | biodiversity | Kyoto Protocol | Kyoto Protocol | Tragedy of the Commons | Tragedy of the Commons | economics | economics | environment | environment | human population | human population | international relations | international relations | global | global | United Nations (UN) | United Nations (UN) | environmental cooperation | environmental cooperation | sustainable energy | sustainable energy | sustainability | sustainability | Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) | Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) | environmental assessment | environmental assessment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT) 1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT)

Description

This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport.

Subjects

river systems | river systems | lake systems | lake systems | scalar transport in environmental flows | scalar transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | stratification in lakes | stratification in lakes | buoyancy-driven flows | buoyancy-driven flows | settling and coagulation | settling and coagulation | air-water exchange | air-water exchange | bed-water exchange | bed-water exchange | phase partitioning | phase partitioning | dissolution | dissolution | boundary layers | boundary layers | molecular diffusion | molecular diffusion | turbulent diffusion | turbulent diffusion | water transportation | water transportation | advection | advection | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | derivation | derivation | Diffusion | Diffusion | dispersion | dispersion | environmental flows | environmental flows | instantaneous point source | instantaneous point source | lakes | lakes | mass | mass | transport | transport | particle transport | particle transport | rivers | rivers | scaling | scaling | turbulence | turbulence | water flow | water flow

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT) 11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT)

Description

This course explores the urban environment as a natural phenomenon, human habitat, medium of expression, and forum for action. The course has several major themes: how ideas of nature influence the way cities are perceived, designed, built, and managed; how natural processes and urban form interact and the consequences for human health and welfare; how planners and designers can shape the urban natural environment. Each student researches and presents a case, either historical or an example of contemporary theory and practice. This course explores the urban environment as a natural phenomenon, human habitat, medium of expression, and forum for action. The course has several major themes: how ideas of nature influence the way cities are perceived, designed, built, and managed; how natural processes and urban form interact and the consequences for human health and welfare; how planners and designers can shape the urban natural environment. Each student researches and presents a case, either historical or an example of contemporary theory and practice.

Subjects

urban nature | urban nature | city design | city design | urban design | urban design | boston | ma | boston | ma | environmental design | environmental design | landscape architecture | landscape architecture | philadelphia | pa | philadelphia | pa | earth | earth | water | water | air | air | urban biome | urban biome | community building | community building | environmental reconstruction | environmental reconstruction | new orleans | la | new orleans | la | environmental restoration | environmental restoration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history | Oxygen Isotope | Oxygen Isotope | Coral Reefs | Coral Reefs | Paleoceanography | Paleoceanography | Paleoclimatology | Paleoclimatology | Paleothermometry | Paleothermometry | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Ocean Chemistry | Ocean Chemistry | Salinity | Salinity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.S998 Marine Autonomy, Sensing and Communications (MIT) 2.S998 Marine Autonomy, Sensing and Communications (MIT)

Description

This course covers basic topics in autonomous marine vehicles, focusing mainly on software and algorithms for autonomous decision making (autonomy) by underwater vehicles operating in the ocean environments, autonomously adapting to the environment for improved sensing performance. It will introduce students to underwater acoustic communication environment, as well as the various options for undersea navigation, both crucial to the operation of collaborative undersea networks for environmental sensing. Sensors for acoustic, biological and chemical sensing by underwater vehicles and their integration with the autonomy system for environmentally adaptive undersea mapping and observation will be covered. The subject will have a significant lab component, involving the use of the MOOS-IvP auto This course covers basic topics in autonomous marine vehicles, focusing mainly on software and algorithms for autonomous decision making (autonomy) by underwater vehicles operating in the ocean environments, autonomously adapting to the environment for improved sensing performance. It will introduce students to underwater acoustic communication environment, as well as the various options for undersea navigation, both crucial to the operation of collaborative undersea networks for environmental sensing. Sensors for acoustic, biological and chemical sensing by underwater vehicles and their integration with the autonomy system for environmentally adaptive undersea mapping and observation will be covered. The subject will have a significant lab component, involving the use of the MOOS-IvP auto

Subjects

autonomous marine vehicles | autonomous marine vehicles | ocean environments | ocean environments | underwater vehicles | underwater vehicles | acoustic communication | acoustic communication | undersea navigation | undersea navigation | environmental sensing | environmental sensing | acoustical | biological | and chemical sensing | acoustical | biological | and chemical sensing | modeling and control | modeling and control | simulation environments | simulation environments | programming | programming | C++ | C++ | MOOS | MOOS

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history | Oxygen Isotope | Oxygen Isotope | Coral Reefs | Coral Reefs | Paleoceanography | Paleoceanography | Paleoclimatology | Paleoclimatology | Paleothermometry | Paleothermometry | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide | Ocean Chemistry | Ocean Chemistry | Salinity | Salinity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.085 Seminar in Environmental Science (MIT) 12.085 Seminar in Environmental Science (MIT)

Description

Required for all Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences majors in the Environmental Science track, this course is an introduction to current research in the field. Stresses integration of central scientific concepts in environmental policy making and the chemistry, biology, and geology environmental science tracks. Revisits selected core themes for students who have already acquired a basic understanding of environmental science concepts. The topic for this term is geoengineering. Required for all Earth, Atmospheric, and Planetary Sciences majors in the Environmental Science track, this course is an introduction to current research in the field. Stresses integration of central scientific concepts in environmental policy making and the chemistry, biology, and geology environmental science tracks. Revisits selected core themes for students who have already acquired a basic understanding of environmental science concepts. The topic for this term is geoengineering.

Subjects

environmental science | environmental science | geoengineering | geoengineering | geology | geology | geochemistry | geochemistry | nuclear waste disposal | nuclear waste disposal | planetary exploration | planetary exploration | coastal land-use policy | coastal land-use policy | international regulations for protecting the open-ocean environment | international regulations for protecting the open-ocean environment | environmental change | environmental change | natural hazards | natural hazards

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT) 12.740 Paleoceanography (MIT)

Description

This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology). This class examines tools, data, and ideas related to past climate changes as seen in marine, ice core, and continental records. The most recent climate changes (mainly the past 500,000 years, ranging up to about 2 million years ago) will be emphasized. Quantitative tools for the examination of paleoceanographic data will be introduced (statistics, factor analysis, time series analysis, simple climatology).

Subjects

history of the earth-surface environment | history of the earth-surface environment | deep-sea sediments | deep-sea sediments | ice cores | ice cores | corals | corals | Micropaleontological | Micropaleontological | isotopic | isotopic | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | geochemical | and mineralogical changes | seawater composition | seawater composition | atmospheric chemistry | atmospheric chemistry | climate | climate | ocean temperature | ocean temperature | circulation | circulation | chemistry | chemistry | glacial/interglacial cycles | glacial/interglacial cycles | orbital forcing | orbital forcing | climate change | climate change | marine records | marine records | ice core records | ice core records | continental records | continental records | paleoceanographic data | paleoceanographic data | statistics | statistics | factor analysis | factor analysis | time series analysis | time series analysis | simple climatology | simple climatology | geochemical changes | geochemical changes | mineralogical changes | mineralogical changes | glacial cycles | glacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | intergalacial cycles | earth-surface environment | earth-surface environment | environmental history | environmental history

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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International Environmental Justice and the Climate Change Challenge

Description

Authors:  Mary Lawhon and Gina Ziervogel This 4 week module, supported by powerpoint slides, uses climate change to explore key environmental and geographical issues including: justice, scale, international equality, global political processes, and environmental change. Clicked 171 times. Last clicked 01/16/2015 - 18:56. Teaching & Learning Context:  This course module is one section of a larger course called Geography, Development and Environment that runs as a first year course in the Department of Environmental and Geographical Science at the University of Cape Town. The course work provided here

Subjects

Environmental and Geographical Science | Science | Downloadable Documents | Lecture Notes | English | Post-secondary | adaptation to climate change | carbon trading | climate change | environment | environmental conflicts | environmental history | environmental justice | geography | mitigation | south africa

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/za/

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Techniques for Studying Materials: Microstructural Examination

Description

This set of animations consists of interactive phase diagrams of Fe-C, grey cast iron, white cast iron, alpha brass and alpha-beta brass. From TLP: Microstructural Examination

Subjects

micrograph | microstructure | metallography | metallographic | phase diagram | phase transformation | eutectic | eutectoid | peritectic | steel | martensite | ferrite | cementite | austenite | pearlite | cast iron | spheroidal cast iron | grey cast iron | white cast iron | brass | alpha brass | alpha beta brass | DoITPoMS | University of Cambridge | animation | corematerials | ukoer

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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