Searching for light : 1651 results found | RSS Feed for this search

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4.430 Daylighting (MIT) 4.430 Daylighting (MIT)

Description

This class provides the tools necessary for an efficient integration of daylighting issues in the overall design of a building. The fundamentals of daylighting and electric lighting are introduced and their relevance to design decisions emphasized: benefits and availability of daylight, solar radiation and sun course, photometry, vision and color perception, daylighting metrics, visual and thermal comfort, electric lighting. More advanced topics are presented and practiced through the design project and homework assignments, such as primary and advanced lighting design strategies, and design and assessment tools for lighting management. This class provides the tools necessary for an efficient integration of daylighting issues in the overall design of a building. The fundamentals of daylighting and electric lighting are introduced and their relevance to design decisions emphasized: benefits and availability of daylight, solar radiation and sun course, photometry, vision and color perception, daylighting metrics, visual and thermal comfort, electric lighting. More advanced topics are presented and practiced through the design project and homework assignments, such as primary and advanced lighting design strategies, and design and assessment tools for lighting management.

Subjects

daylighting | daylighting | efficient integration | efficient integration | design of a building | design of a building | electric lighting | electric lighting | solar radiation | solar radiation | sun course | sun course | photometry | photometry | vision and color perception | vision and color perception | daylighting metrics | daylighting metrics | visual and thermal comfort | visual and thermal comfort | advanced lighting design strategies | advanced lighting design strategies | lighting management | lighting management

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.493 Natural Light in Design (MIT) 4.493 Natural Light in Design (MIT)

Description

Today, computer-based simulations are becoming increasingly popular, especially when daylighting and energy conservation are amongst the key goals for a project. This two-week workshop will expose participants to the current daylighting simulation models and beyond, by introducing realistic and dynamic assessment methods through hands-on exercises and application to a design project. Open to students and practitioners. Today, computer-based simulations are becoming increasingly popular, especially when daylighting and energy conservation are amongst the key goals for a project. This two-week workshop will expose participants to the current daylighting simulation models and beyond, by introducing realistic and dynamic assessment methods through hands-on exercises and application to a design project. Open to students and practitioners.

Subjects

daylighting | daylighting | natural light | natural light | light calculations | light calculations | software | software | electric light | electric light | spectra | spectra | spectrum | spectrum | luminance | luminance | chrominence | chrominence | comfort | comfort | design | design | sun | sun | solar gain | solar gain | diffusion | diffusion | glazing | glazing | fenestration | fenestration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.492 Daylighting (MIT) 4.492 Daylighting (MIT)

Description

The course focuses on the use and optimization of daylight in buildings and on its complementarity to artificial (electric) lighting, to aim at reducing the building's environmental impact while improving the visual comfort of the inhabitants. Fundamentals of daylighting and artificial lighting will first be introduced. More advanced and design-oriented topics will then be presented and practiced through the design project. The course focuses on the use and optimization of daylight in buildings and on its complementarity to artificial (electric) lighting, to aim at reducing the building's environmental impact while improving the visual comfort of the inhabitants. Fundamentals of daylighting and artificial lighting will first be introduced. More advanced and design-oriented topics will then be presented and practiced through the design project.

Subjects

Daylighting | Daylighting | natural light | natural light | light calculations | light calculations | software | software | electric light | electric light | spectra | spectra | spectrum | spectrum | luminance | luminance | chrominance | chrominance | comfort | comfort | design | design | sun | sun | solar gain | solar gain | diffusion | diffusion | glazing | glazing | fenestration | fenestration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.493 Natural Light in Design (MIT) 4.493 Natural Light in Design (MIT)

Description

Today, computer-based simulations are becoming increasingly popular, especially when daylighting and energy conservation are amongst the key goals for a project. This two-week workshop will expose participants to the current daylighting simulation models and beyond, by introducing realistic and dynamic assessment methods through hands-on exercises and application to a design project. Open to students and practitioners. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month. Today, computer-based simulations are becoming increasingly popular, especially when daylighting and energy conservation are amongst the key goals for a project. This two-week workshop will expose participants to the current daylighting simulation models and beyond, by introducing realistic and dynamic assessment methods through hands-on exercises and application to a design project. Open to students and practitioners. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month.

Subjects

daylighting | daylighting | natural light | natural light | light calculations | light calculations | software | software | electric light | electric light | spectra | spectra | spectrum | spectrum | luminance | luminance | chrominence | chrominence | comfort | comfort | design | design | sun | sun | solar gain | solar gain | diffusion | diffusion | glazing | glazing | fenestration | fenestration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Introduction to video lighting

Description

The resource is an introduction to light and lighting set-up in photography and video.

Subjects

lights | lighting | spot lights | reflective light | flood lights | lighting effects | lanterns | lighting ratio | Communication | Media | Creative Arts and Design | Mass Communications and Documentation | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL04 = SCQF 4 | Foundational Level | NICAT 1 | CQFW 1 | Foundation | GCSE D-G | NVQ 1 | Intermediate 1 | | UK EL05 = SCQF 5 | Intermediate level | Intermediate | NICAT 2 | CQFW 2 | Intermediate | GSCE A-C | NVQ 2 | | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | design | documentation | W000 | P000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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8.033 Relativity (MIT) 8.033 Relativity (MIT)

Description

Relativity is normally taken by physics majors in their sophomore year. Topics include: Einstein's postulates; consequences for simultaneity, time dilation, length contraction, clock synchronization; Lorentz transformation; relativistic effects and paradoxes; Minkowski diagrams; invariants and four-vectors; momentum, energy and mass; and particle collisions. Also covered is: Relativity and electricity; Coulomb's law; and magnetic fields. Brief introduction to Newtonian cosmology. There is also an introduction to some concepts of General Relativity; principle of equivalence; the Schwarzchild metric; gravitational red shift, particle and light trajectories, geodesics, and Shapiro delay. Relativity is normally taken by physics majors in their sophomore year. Topics include: Einstein's postulates; consequences for simultaneity, time dilation, length contraction, clock synchronization; Lorentz transformation; relativistic effects and paradoxes; Minkowski diagrams; invariants and four-vectors; momentum, energy and mass; and particle collisions. Also covered is: Relativity and electricity; Coulomb's law; and magnetic fields. Brief introduction to Newtonian cosmology. There is also an introduction to some concepts of General Relativity; principle of equivalence; the Schwarzchild metric; gravitational red shift, particle and light trajectories, geodesics, and Shapiro delay.

Subjects

Einstein's postulates | Einstein's postulates | consequences for simultaneity | time dilation | length contraction | clock synchronization | consequences for simultaneity | time dilation | length contraction | clock synchronization | Lorentz transformation | Lorentz transformation | relativistic effects and paradoxes | relativistic effects and paradoxes | Minkowski diagrams | Minkowski diagrams | invariants and four-vectors | invariants and four-vectors | momentum | energy and mass | momentum | energy and mass | particle collisions | particle collisions | Relativity and electricity | Relativity and electricity | Coulomb's law | Coulomb's law | magnetic fields | magnetic fields | Newtonian cosmology | Newtonian cosmology | General Relativity | General Relativity | principle of equivalence | principle of equivalence | the Schwarzchild metric | the Schwarzchild metric | gravitational red shift | particle and light trajectories | geodesics | Shapiro delay | gravitational red shift | particle and light trajectories | geodesics | Shapiro delay | gravitational red shift | gravitational red shift | particle trajectories | particle trajectories | light trajectories | light trajectories | invariants | invariants | four-vectors | four-vectors | momentum | momentum | energy | energy | mass | mass | relativistic effects | relativistic effects | paradoxes | paradoxes | electricity | electricity | time dilation | time dilation | length contraction | length contraction | clock synchronization | clock synchronization | Schwarzchild metric | Schwarzchild metric | geodesics | geodesics | Shaprio delay | Shaprio delay | relativistic kinematics | relativistic kinematics | relativistic dynamics | relativistic dynamics | electromagnetism | electromagnetism | hubble expansion | hubble expansion | universe | universe | equivalence principle | equivalence principle | curved space time | curved space time | Ether Theory | Ether Theory | constants | constants | speed of light | speed of light | c | c | graph | graph | pythagorem theorem | pythagorem theorem | triangle | triangle | arrows | arrows

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.411 Building Technology Laboratory (MIT) 4.411 Building Technology Laboratory (MIT)

Description

In this class, concepts of building technology and experimental methods are studied, in class and in lab assignments. Projects vary yearly and have included design and testing of strategies for daylighting, passive heating and cooling, and improved indoor air quality via natural ventilation. Experimental methods focus on measurement and analysis of thermally driven and wind-driven airflows, lighting intensity and glare, and heat flow and thermal storage. Experiments are conducted at model and full scale and are often motivated by ongoing field work in developing countries. In this class, concepts of building technology and experimental methods are studied, in class and in lab assignments. Projects vary yearly and have included design and testing of strategies for daylighting, passive heating and cooling, and improved indoor air quality via natural ventilation. Experimental methods focus on measurement and analysis of thermally driven and wind-driven airflows, lighting intensity and glare, and heat flow and thermal storage. Experiments are conducted at model and full scale and are often motivated by ongoing field work in developing countries.

Subjects

lighting | lighting | heating | heating | ventilation | ventilation | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | bernoulli | bernoulli | construction | construction | insulation | insulation | R value | R value | glare | glare | human comfort | human comfort | enthaply | enthaply | psycrometrics | psycrometrics | weather | weather | temperature | temperature | sunlight | sunlight | daylight | daylight | radiation | radiation | LEED | LEED | green building | green building

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.343 Photosynthesis: Life from Light (MIT) 7.343 Photosynthesis: Life from Light (MIT)

Description

In this course, you will journey through the web of physical, chemical, and biological reactions that collectively constitute photosynthesis. We will begin with light harvesting and follow photons to the sites of primary photochemistry: the photoreaction centers. A molecular-scale view will show in atomic detail how these protein complexes capture and energize electrons. Then we will follow the multiple pathways electrons take as they carry out their work. Consequent reactions, such as the synthesis of ATP and the reduction of CO2 during the synthesis of carbohydrates, will also be discussed in structural detail. Lastly, we will delve into the evolution of these systems and also discuss other photosynthetic strategies, such as light-driven proton pumps and anoxygenic photosynthesis. The co In this course, you will journey through the web of physical, chemical, and biological reactions that collectively constitute photosynthesis. We will begin with light harvesting and follow photons to the sites of primary photochemistry: the photoreaction centers. A molecular-scale view will show in atomic detail how these protein complexes capture and energize electrons. Then we will follow the multiple pathways electrons take as they carry out their work. Consequent reactions, such as the synthesis of ATP and the reduction of CO2 during the synthesis of carbohydrates, will also be discussed in structural detail. Lastly, we will delve into the evolution of these systems and also discuss other photosynthetic strategies, such as light-driven proton pumps and anoxygenic photosynthesis. The co

Subjects

photosynthesis | photosynthesis | life from light | life from light | conversion | conversion | solar energy | solar energy | chemical energy | chemical energy | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | global warming | global warming | physical | physical | chemical and biological reactions | chemical and biological reactions | light harvesting | light harvesting | photochemistry | photochemistry | protein complexes | protein complexes | synthesis of ATP | synthesis of ATP | reduction of CO2 | reduction of CO2 | carbohydrates | carbohydrates | light-driven proton pumps | light-driven proton pumps | anoxygenic photosynthesis | anoxygenic photosynthesis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Uses of theatre lanterns

Description

This interactive resource introduces students to different types of lanterns used to light theatrical performances, and the different effects they produce. It emphasises lanterns may or may not have a lens and barndoors for example, and how some have light beams which can be changed while for others the light beam is fixed. The uses of profile spotlights, Fresnel spotlights, and floodlights are introduced here, together with examples of the effects they produce on a stage.

Subjects

theatre lanterns | lighting design | lighting effects | light beams | floodlights | profile spotlights | theatres | fresnel spotlights | PERFORMING ARTS | Creative Arts and Design | Employability | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | design | W000 | L

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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X-1E Loaded in B-29 Mothership on Ramp X-1E Loaded in B-29 Mothership on Ramp

Description

Subjects

1955 | 1955 | nasa | nasa | boeing | boeing | aeronautics | aeronautics | b29 | b29 | xplane | xplane | soundbarrier | soundbarrier | naca | naca | speedofsound | speedofsound | x1e | x1e | flighttest | flighttest | bellaircraft | bellaircraft | boeingb29 | boeingb29 | nasadrydenflightresearchcenter | nasadrydenflightresearchcenter | experimentalflight | experimentalflight | bellx1e | bellx1e

License

No known copyright restrictions

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X-15 pilots clown around X-15 pilots clown around

Description

Subjects

airplane | airplane | mckay | mckay | aircraft | aircraft | aviation | aviation | dana | dana | nasa | nasa | knight | knight | engel | engel | usaf | usaf | thompson | thompson | aerospace | aerospace | usairforce | usairforce | xplane | xplane | spaceflight | spaceflight | x15 | x15 | unitedstatesairforce | unitedstatesairforce | rushworth | rushworth | thiokol | thiokol | billdana | billdana | naa | naa | nationalaeronauticsandspaceadministration | nationalaeronauticsandspaceadministration | rocketplane | rocketplane | joeengel | joeengel | northamericanaviation | northamericanaviation | mannedspaceflight | mannedspaceflight | northamericanx15 | northamericanx15 | miltthompson | miltthompson | xlr99 | xlr99 | josephengle | josephengle | experimentalflight | experimentalflight | jackmckay | jackmckay | x15a2 | x15a2 | x15a | x15a | 566671 | 566671 | williamdana | williamdana | reactionmotors | reactionmotors | reactionmotorsxlr99 | reactionmotorsxlr99 | af566671 | af566671 | usaf566671 | usaf566671 | robertrushworth | robertrushworth | williampeteknight | williampeteknight | peteknight | peteknight | miltonthompson | miltonthompson

License

No known copyright restrictions

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Ediswan

Description

This poster is from the Swan Collection of Tyne & Wear Museums, held at the Discovery Museum in Newcastle upon Tyne. Sir Joseph Wilson Swan was a British Physicist, Chemist and Inventor. Swan lived at Underhill, on Kells Lane North in Low Fell, Gateshead. It was here that he conducted most of his experiments in the large conservatory. His investigations in electro-chemistry led to the construction of a motor electric meter, an electric fire-damp detector, a miners' electric safety lamp. Most importantly, Swan was also a pioneer in photographic procedures such as carbon printing. It was Swan's demonstration of the light bulb at a lecture in Newcastle upon Tyne on 18 December 1878, before its later development by the American Thomas Edison that he is most famous for. Swan and Edison later collaborated in their work with the incandescent light bulb in 1883, when they founded the Edison & Swan United Electric Light Company, otherwise known as 'Ediswan.' Many items held at Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums relating to Joseph Swan offer an amazing insight in to his work as an inventor and his place in the History of Scientific progression. This set offers a small selection from these collections. This set has been produced in support of the British Science Festival 2013, held in Newcastle upon Tyne. You can find more information on the Festival here (Copyright) We're happy for you to share these digital images within the spirit of The Commons. Please cite 'Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums' when reusing. Certain restrictions on high quality reproductions and commercial use of the original physical version apply though; if you're unsure please email archives@twmuseums.org.uk

Subjects

science | invention | northeast | electric | pioneer | poster | swancollection | sirjosephwilsonswan | britishphysicist | chemist | inventor | underhill | kellslanenorth | lowfell | gateshead | experiments | conservatory | investigations | electrochemistry | construction | motorelectricmeter | electricfiredampdetector | minerselectricsafetylamp | photographicprocedures | carbonprinting | lightbulb | britishsciencefestival2013 | newcastleupontyne | scientificprogression | lecture | 18december1878 | incandescentlightbulb | thomasedison | 1883 | edisonswanunitedelectriclightcompany | ediswan | text | letters | words | illustration | bench | table | platform | stand | shirt | waistcoat | moustache | man | trousers | hook | glass | lightshade | lightglobe | tool | flame | heat | cushion | wall | pattern | pole | scientificheritage | interesting | blackandwhite | practicemakesperfect | original | economical | reliable | incandescentelectriclamps

License

No known copyright restrictions

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International stage lighting symbols

Description

This Flash-based resource introduces some of the symbols used in lighting plans to represent different theatre lanterns. The symbols featured here relate to profile spotlights, Fresnel spotlights and floodlights. The resource also explains how plastic stencils are used to draw these symbols to ensure accuracy, neatness and scale.

Subjects

lighting plans | lighting design | symbols | floodlights | profile spotlights | theatre lanterns | stages | theatres | fresnel spotlights | PERFORMING ARTS | Creative Arts and Design | Employability | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | design | W000 | L

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Planning the lighting

Description

This interactive resource explains the various steps a lighting designer needs to take when planning the lighting for a stage performance. These are: talking to the director; reading the script; and watching rehearsals. Students are invited to click through the resource to find out more about each of these actions and why they are useful.

Subjects

lighting design | lighting plans | stage lighting | lighting designers | stage lights | stages | theatres | PERFORMING ARTS | Creative Arts and Design | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | design | W000 | L

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lighting combinations

Description

A learning object designed for Level 3 students of General art and design. It illustrates the key concepts surrounding studio lighting and the effects that can be created in the final photograph. It explores how lighting can change the mood or impact created by a photograph. It explains attributes of light, the effects of specific lighting equipment and how to measure light and calculate exposure for a shot. It also demonstrates the effects of different lighting techniques and how altering the lighting set-up can dramatically change the final image. The learning objects may be used as part of a group classroom activity, or as part of the individual study programme of the learner. The content of the objects has been designed to apply equally to the English (Level 3) and Scottish (Highers) G

Subjects

art and design | photography | studio lighting | light | lighting ratios | light meters | exposure | latitude | light qualities | CRAFTS | Creative Arts and Design | Assessment | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL03 = SCQF 3 | Level 3 | Entry level 2 | NICAT Entry | Access 3 | Foundation SG | UK EL04 = SCQF 4 | Foundational Level | NICAT 1 | CQFW 1 | Foundation | GCSE D-G | NVQ 1 | Intermediate 1 | | UK EL05 = SCQF 5 | Intermediate level | Intermediate | NICAT 2 | CQFW 2 | Intermediate | GSCE A-C | NVQ 2 | | design | W000 | ARTS and CRAFTS | J

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Strobe lighting effects

Description

This resource demonstrates the effects of strobe lighting when used on the stage. A description is provided of how strobe lights work, together with information about warning audiences if strobe lighting is to be used in a performance. By clicking on the resource, students are shown the flashing effects generated by a strobe light on a particular stage set.

Subjects

lighting | strobes | strobe lights | flashing lights | stage lighting | theatres | lighting design | stages | PERFORMING ARTS | Creative Arts and Design | Employability | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | Students | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | design | W000 | L

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lighting equipment

Description

This interactive resource describes the different types of lanterns used in a stage performance and the lighting effects they produce. The lanterns featured here are: floodlights; Fresnel lanterns; profile spotlights; par can lanterns; and follow spots. An image of each lantern is provided, together its associated symbol used in lighting plans.

Subjects

lighting | lights | lanterns | luminaires | stage lighting | floodlights | par can lanterns | profile spotlights | follow spots | fresnel lanterns | PERFORMING ARTS | Creative Arts and Design | Employability | Learning | Design and delivery of programmes | UK EL06 = SCQF 6 | Advanced courses | NICAT 3 | CQFW 3 | Advanced | A/AS Level | NVQ 3 | Higher | SVQ 3 | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | UK EL08 = SCQF 8 | Higher Diploma | NICAT 5 | CQFW 5 | HN Diploma | Diploma in HE | UK EL09 = SCQF 9 | Ordinary degree | NICAT 6 | CQFW 6 | NVQ 5 | SVQ 5 | Ordinary degree | Graduate certific | design | W000 | L

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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4.430 Daylighting (MIT)

Description

This class provides the tools necessary for an efficient integration of daylighting issues in the overall design of a building. The fundamentals of daylighting and electric lighting are introduced and their relevance to design decisions emphasized: benefits and availability of daylight, solar radiation and sun course, photometry, vision and color perception, daylighting metrics, visual and thermal comfort, electric lighting. More advanced topics are presented and practiced through the design project and homework assignments, such as primary and advanced lighting design strategies, and design and assessment tools for lighting management.

Subjects

daylighting | efficient integration | design of a building | electric lighting | solar radiation | sun course | photometry | vision and color perception | daylighting metrics | visual and thermal comfort | advanced lighting design strategies | lighting management

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.014J American Urban History II (MIT) 11.014J American Urban History II (MIT)

Description

This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department stores, supermarkets, and amusement parks. The course gives students experience in working with primary documentation sources through its selection of readings and class discussions. Students then have the opportunity to apply this experience by researching their own historical questions and writing a term paper. This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department stores, supermarkets, and amusement parks. The course gives students experience in working with primary documentation sources through its selection of readings and class discussions. Students then have the opportunity to apply this experience by researching their own historical questions and writing a term paper.

Subjects

urban planning | urban planning | urban design | urban design | cities | cities | downtown | downtown | skyscrapers | skyscrapers | buildings | buildings | open space | open space | infrastructure | infrastructure | traffic | traffic | congestion | congestion | white flight | white flight | suburban development | suburban development | urban renewal | urban renewal | urban blight | urban blight | retail and business centers and districts | retail and business centers and districts | zoos | zoos | entertainment | entertainment | 11.014 | 11.014 | 21H.232 | 21H.232

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.430 Daylighting (MIT) 4.430 Daylighting (MIT)

Description

This course explores natural and electric lighting that integrates occupant comfort, energy efficiency and daylight availability in an architectural context. Students are asked to evaluate daylighting in real space and simulations, and also high dynamic range photography and physical model building. This course explores natural and electric lighting that integrates occupant comfort, energy efficiency and daylight availability in an architectural context. Students are asked to evaluate daylighting in real space and simulations, and also high dynamic range photography and physical model building.

Subjects

daylighting | daylighting | Rhino | Rhino | DIVA | DIVA | sunlight | sunlight | photometry | photometry | heliodon | heliodon | solar gains | solar gains | glare | glare | HDR photography | HDR photography | materiality | materiality | modeling | modeling

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Astrophysics (MIT) Astrophysics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. Study of physical effects in the vicinity of a black hole as a basis for understanding general relativity, astrophysics, and elements of cosmology. Extension to current developments in theory and observation. Energy and momentum in flat spacetime; the metric; curvature of spacetime near rotating and nonrotating centers of attraction; trajectories and orbits of particles and light; elementary models of the Cosmos. Weekly meetings include an evening seminar and recitation. The last third of the semester is reserved for collaborative research projects on topics such as the Global Positioning System, solar system tests of relativity, descending into a black hole, gravitational lensing, gravitational waves, Gravity Probe B, and more advanced Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. Study of physical effects in the vicinity of a black hole as a basis for understanding general relativity, astrophysics, and elements of cosmology. Extension to current developments in theory and observation. Energy and momentum in flat spacetime; the metric; curvature of spacetime near rotating and nonrotating centers of attraction; trajectories and orbits of particles and light; elementary models of the Cosmos. Weekly meetings include an evening seminar and recitation. The last third of the semester is reserved for collaborative research projects on topics such as the Global Positioning System, solar system tests of relativity, descending into a black hole, gravitational lensing, gravitational waves, Gravity Probe B, and more advanced

Subjects

black hole | black hole | general relativity | general relativity | astrophysics | astrophysics | cosmology | cosmology | Energy and momentum in flat spacetime | Energy and momentum in flat spacetime | the metric | the metric | curvature of spacetime near rotating and nonrotating centers of attraction | curvature of spacetime near rotating and nonrotating centers of attraction | trajectories and orbits of particles and light | trajectories and orbits of particles and light | elementary models of the Cosmos | elementary models of the Cosmos | Global Positioning System | Global Positioning System | solar system tests of relativity | solar system tests of relativity | descending into a black hole | descending into a black hole | gravitational lensing | gravitational lensing | gravitational waves | gravitational waves | Gravity Probe B | Gravity Probe B | more advanced models of the Cosmos | more advanced models of the Cosmos | spacetime curvature | spacetime curvature | rotating centers of attraction | rotating centers of attraction | nonrotating centers of attraction | nonrotating centers of attraction | event horizon | event horizon | energy | energy | momentum | momentum | flat spacetime | flat spacetime | metric | metric | trajectories | trajectories | orbits | orbits | particles | particles | light | light | elementary | elementary | models | models | cosmos | cosmos | spacetime | spacetime | curvature | curvature | flat | flat | GPS | GPS | gravitational | gravitational | lensing | lensing | waves | waves | rotating | rotating | nonrotating | nonrotating | centers | centers | attraction | attraction | solar system | solar system | tests | tests | relativity | relativity | general | general | advanced | advanced

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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2.717J Optical Engineering (MIT) 2.717J Optical Engineering (MIT)

Description

This course concerns the theory and practice of optical methods in engineering and system design, with an emphasis on diffraction, statistical optics, holography, and imaging. It provides the engineering methodology skills necessary to incorporate optical components in systems serving diverse areas such as precision engineering and metrology, bio-imaging, and computing (sensors, data storage, communication in multi-processor systems). Experimental demonstrations and a design project are included. This course concerns the theory and practice of optical methods in engineering and system design, with an emphasis on diffraction, statistical optics, holography, and imaging. It provides the engineering methodology skills necessary to incorporate optical components in systems serving diverse areas such as precision engineering and metrology, bio-imaging, and computing (sensors, data storage, communication in multi-processor systems). Experimental demonstrations and a design project are included.

Subjects

optical methods in engineering and system design | optical methods in engineering and system design | diffraction | statistical optics | holography | and imaging | diffraction | statistical optics | holography | and imaging | Statistical Optics | Inverse Problems (i.e. theory of imaging) | Statistical Optics | Inverse Problems (i.e. theory of imaging) | applications in precision engineering and metrology | bio-imaging | and computing (sensors | data storage | communication in multi-processor systems) | applications in precision engineering and metrology | bio-imaging | and computing (sensors | data storage | communication in multi-processor systems) | Fourier optics | Fourier optics | probability | probability | stochastic processes | stochastic processes | light statistics | light statistics | theory of light coherence | theory of light coherence | van Cittert-Zernicke Theorem | van Cittert-Zernicke Theorem | statistical optics applications | statistical optics applications | inverse problems | inverse problems | information-theoretic views | information-theoretic views | information theory | information theory | 2.717 | 2.717 | MAS.857 | MAS.857

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.055J The Art of Approximation in Science and Engineering (MIT) 6.055J The Art of Approximation in Science and Engineering (MIT)

Description

This course teaches simple reasoning techniques for complex phenomena: divide and conquer, dimensional analysis, extreme cases, continuity, scaling, successive approximation, balancing, cheap calculus, and symmetry. Applications are drawn from the physical and biological sciences, mathematics, and engineering. Examples include bird and machine flight, neuron biophysics, weather, prime numbers, and animal locomotion. Emphasis is on low-cost experiments to test ideas and on fostering curiosity about phenomena in the world. This course teaches simple reasoning techniques for complex phenomena: divide and conquer, dimensional analysis, extreme cases, continuity, scaling, successive approximation, balancing, cheap calculus, and symmetry. Applications are drawn from the physical and biological sciences, mathematics, and engineering. Examples include bird and machine flight, neuron biophysics, weather, prime numbers, and animal locomotion. Emphasis is on low-cost experiments to test ideas and on fostering curiosity about phenomena in the world.

Subjects

approximation | approximation | science | science | engineering | engineering | managing complexity | managing complexity | divide and conquer | divide and conquer | heterogeneous hierarchies | heterogeneous hierarchies | homogeneous hierarchies | homogeneous hierarchies | proportional reasoning | proportional reasoning | conservation/box models | conservation/box models | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | special cases | special cases | extreme cases | extreme cases | discretization | discretization | spring models | spring models | symmetry | symmetry | invariance | invariance | discarding information | discarding information | oil imports | oil imports | tree representations | tree representations | gold | gold | random walks | random walks | UNIX | UNIX | triangle bisection | triangle bisection | pentagonal heat flow | pentagonal heat flow | jump heights | jump heights | simple calculus | simple calculus | drag | drag | cycling | cycling | swimming | swimming | flying | flying | flight | flight | algebraic symmetry | algebraic symmetry | densities | densities | hydrogen size | hydrogen size | bending of light | bending of light | Buckingham Pi Theorem | Buckingham Pi Theorem | pulley acceleration | pulley acceleration | waves | waves

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.014J American Urban History II (MIT) 11.014J American Urban History II (MIT)

Description

This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department stores, supermarkets, and amusement parks. The course gives students experience in working with primary documentation sources through its selection of readings and class discussions. Students then have the opportunity to apply this experience by researching their own historical questions and writing a term paper. This is a seminar course that explores the history of selected features of the physical environment of urban America. Among the features considered are parks, cemeteries, tenements, suburbs, zoos, skyscrapers, department stores, supermarkets, and amusement parks. The course gives students experience in working with primary documentation sources through its selection of readings and class discussions. Students then have the opportunity to apply this experience by researching their own historical questions and writing a term paper.

Subjects

11.014 | 11.014 | 21H.232 | 21H.232 | urban planning | urban planning | urban design | urban design | cities | cities | downtown | downtown | skyscrapers | skyscrapers | buildings | buildings | open space | open space | infrastructure | infrastructure | traffic | traffic | congestion | congestion | "white flight" | "white flight" | suburban development | suburban development | urban renewal | urban renewal | urban blight | urban blight | retail and business centers and districts | retail and business centers and districts | zoos | zoos | entertainment | entertainment

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.459 Bioengineering Journal Article Seminar (MIT) 16.459 Bioengineering Journal Article Seminar (MIT)

Description

Each term, the class selects a new set of professional journal articles on bioengineering topics of current research interest. Some papers are chosen because of particular content, others are selected because they illustrate important points of methodology. Each week, one student leads the discussion, evaluating the strengths, weaknesses, and importance of each paper. Subject may be repeated for credit a maximum of four terms. Letter grade given in the last term applies to all accumulated units of 16.459. Each term, the class selects a new set of professional journal articles on bioengineering topics of current research interest. Some papers are chosen because of particular content, others are selected because they illustrate important points of methodology. Each week, one student leads the discussion, evaluating the strengths, weaknesses, and importance of each paper. Subject may be repeated for credit a maximum of four terms. Letter grade given in the last term applies to all accumulated units of 16.459.

Subjects

bioastronautics | bioastronautics | human factors | human factors | human factors engineering | human factors engineering | operator performance | operator performance | automation | automation | human automation interaction | human automation interaction | performance enhancement | performance enhancement | safety design | safety design | spaceflight | spaceflight | impact of spaceflight on humans | impact of spaceflight on humans | intracranial pressure | intracranial pressure | vision change | vision change | astronaut health | astronaut health | astronaut safety | astronaut safety | fatigue | fatigue | sleep restriction | sleep restriction

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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