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21A.235 American Dream: Exploring Class in the U.S. (MIT) 21A.235 American Dream: Exploring Class in the U.S. (MIT)

Description

Americans have historically preferred to think of the United States in classless terms, as a land of economic opportunity equally open to all. Yet, social class remains a central fault line in the U.S. Subject explores the experiences and understandings of class among Americans positioned at different points along the U.S. social spectrum. Considers a variety of classic frameworks for analyzing social class and uses memoirs, novels and ethnographies to gain a sense of how class is experienced in daily life and how it intersects with other forms of social difference such as race and gender. Americans have historically preferred to think of the United States in classless terms, as a land of economic opportunity equally open to all. Yet, social class remains a central fault line in the U.S. Subject explores the experiences and understandings of class among Americans positioned at different points along the U.S. social spectrum. Considers a variety of classic frameworks for analyzing social class and uses memoirs, novels and ethnographies to gain a sense of how class is experienced in daily life and how it intersects with other forms of social difference such as race and gender.

Subjects

Class | Class | inequality | inequality | anthropology | anthropology | narrative | narrative | ethnography | ethnography | marx | marx | weber | weber | bourdieu | bourdieu | post-structuralism | post-structuralism | habitus | habitus | race | race | gender | gender | upward mobility | upward mobility | downward mobility | downward mobility | deindustrialization | deindustrialization | assembly line | assembly line | rich | rich | post war | post war | underclass | underclass

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Migration consequences of complex crises

Description

Special lecture by Ambassador William Lacy Swing (Director General, International Organization for Migration) recorded on 15 October 2012 at the Tsuzuki Lecture Theatre, St Anne's College. During his visit to the University of Oxford, Ambassador Swing reflected upon the nuanced and complex relationship between crises and mobility, as well as the institutional set-ups and cooperation mechanisms that can complement and strengthen existing systems aimed at providing assistance and protection to crisis-affected populations. The discussion shed light on the types of migratory patterns that can result from complex crises; the effectiveness of migration policy tools in addressing certain aspects of crisis situations; and the ways in which mobility can be used as a positive strategy toward long-t Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

mobility | crises | relief | humanitarianism | refugees | migration | mobility | crises | relief | humanitarianism | refugees | migration | 2012-10-15

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Social mobility, marriage and societal openness in Great Britain, 1949-2006

Description

How can we understand the social mobility patterns through marriage in Great Britain? A historical perspective. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

social norms | Great Britain | marriage | societal openness | social mobility | social norms | Great Britain | marriage | societal openness | social mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Structural and exchange mobility in Britain and the USA: 1870-1970

Description

Historical approach on social mobility in Britain and the US. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

the US | Britain | 20th Century | 19th century | social mobility | the US | Britain | 20th Century | 19th century | social mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Peer effects, mobility, and innovation: evidence from the superstars of modern art

Description

Dr Christiane Hellmanzik (University of Hamburg) describes how mobility and peer effects worked for superstars of modern art in the 19th century. Dr. Hellmanzik presents the importance of peer effects for superstars of modern art in the 19th century Paris and New York. With carefully collected data from the archives and auction sales, she demonstrates how mobility and innovation is transformed if an artist migrates to a new territory, or stays in the homeland. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

sociology of art | peer effect | mobility | sociology of art | peer effect | mobility | 2011-11-07

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The gender revolution: uneven and stalled

Description

The author describes sweeping changes in the gender system and offers explanations for why change has been uneven. In this article, the author describes sweeping changes in the gender system and offers explanations for why change has been uneven. Because the devaluation of activities done by women has changed little, women have had strong incentive to enter male jobs, but men have had little incentive to take on female activities or jobs. The gender egalitarianism that gained traction was the notion that women should have access to upward mobility and to all areas of schooling and jobs. But persistent gender essentialism means that most people follow gender-typical paths except when upward mobility is impossible otherwise. Middle-class women entered managerial and professional jobs more t Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

gender revolution | gender mobility | gender revolution | gender mobility | 2011-05-16

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Bodies, Buses and Bureaucracy: Reflections on common interests in disability rights and service provision

Description

Dr Ruth Butler, University of Hull, delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

social | inequality | spatial | transport | mobility | social | inequality | spatial | transport | mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Prosthetic Citizen: Forms of citizenship for a mobile world

Description

Professor Tim Cresswell, University of London, delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

citizenship | mobility | mobile | social | spatial | citizen | world | transport | inequality.prosthetic | citizenship | mobility | mobile | social | spatial | citizen | world | transport | inequality.prosthetic

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Transport Is Social Policy: Focus on higher education in the UK context

Description

Dr Susan Kenyon delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

higher education | mobility | spatial | inequality | UK | social | policy | transport | higher education | mobility | spatial | inequality | UK | social | policy | transport

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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s experiences

Description

Dr Gina Porter, Durham University, delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

mobility | spatial | people | young | sub-saharan Africa | social | inequality | transport | mobility | spatial | people | young | sub-saharan Africa | social | inequality | transport

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Automobile Subjects

Description

Dr Katharina Manderscheid, Universität Luzern, delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

mobility | automobile | spatial | inequality | social | transport | mobility | automobile | spatial | inequality | social | transport

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Unequal Mobility and its Social Consequences

Description

Dr Karen Lucas delivers a seminar as part of the 'Socio-spatial inequalities, transport and mobilities' seminar series held in the Transport Studies Unit during Hilary Term 2012. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

social | inequality | spatial | transport | mobility | social | inequality | spatial | transport | mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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More than a job: Transport and Mobility, research as cultural explorations

Description

Professor Ole B Jensen, Department of Architecture, Design and Media Technology, Aalborg University, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

media | mobility | architecture | transport | social science | media | mobility | architecture | transport | social science | 2011-02-16

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Myth and reality in the search for the wider benefits of transport

Description

Professor Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary Term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | cars | Environment | society | transport | ecology | mobility | cars | Environment | society | transport | 2011-02-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Translating daily life into simulation: MATSim and its possibilities.

Description

Professor Kay Axhausen, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Zürich, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | 2011-02-09

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Understanding the Paths to Post-Carbon Mobility: Research Needs for Anticipating Transport Revolutions

Description

Anthony Perl, Professor and Director of the Urban Studies Program, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary Term seminar series on the subject of post-carbon mobility and transport. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | 2011-02-02

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Does Mobility have a Future?

Description

Professor John Urry, University of Lancaster, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

Environment | ecology | transport | mobility | Environment | ecology | transport | mobility | 2011-01-26

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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More than a job: Transport and Mobility, research as cultural explorations

Description

Professor Ole B Jensen, Department of Architecture, Design and Media Technology, Aalborg University, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

media | mobility | architecture | transport | social science | media | mobility | architecture | transport | social science | 2011-02-16

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Myth and reality in the search for the wider benefits of transport

Description

Professor Roger Vickerman, University of Kent, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary Term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | cars | Environment | society | transport | ecology | mobility | cars | Environment | society | transport | 2011-02-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Translating daily life into simulation: MATSim and its possibilities.

Description

Professor Kay Axhausen, Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule (ETH), Zürich, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | 2011-02-09

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Understanding the Paths to Post-Carbon Mobility: Research Needs for Anticipating Transport Revolutions

Description

Anthony Perl, Professor and Director of the Urban Studies Program, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary Term seminar series on the subject of post-carbon mobility and transport. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | ecology | mobility | Environment | emissions | carbon | transport | 2011-02-02

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Does Mobility have a Future?

Description

Professor John Urry, University of Lancaster, gives a talk for the Transport Studies Unit 2011 Hilary term seminar series. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

Environment | ecology | transport | mobility | Environment | ecology | transport | mobility | 2011-01-26

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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14.661 Labor Economics I (MIT) 14.661 Labor Economics I (MIT)

Description

Neoclassical analysis of the labor market and its institutions. A systematic development of the theory of labor supply, labor demand, and human capital. Topics discussed also include wage and employment determination, turnover, search, immigration, unemployment, equalizing differences, and institutions in the labor market. There is particular emphasis on the interaction of theoretical and empirical modeling and the development of independent research interests. Neoclassical analysis of the labor market and its institutions. A systematic development of the theory of labor supply, labor demand, and human capital. Topics discussed also include wage and employment determination, turnover, search, immigration, unemployment, equalizing differences, and institutions in the labor market. There is particular emphasis on the interaction of theoretical and empirical modeling and the development of independent research interests.

Subjects

labor economics | public policy | schooling | learning | matching | experience | wages | minimum wage | college | investment | training | firms | corporations | labor | unions | panel data | neoclassical model | turnover models | turnover | economics | labor economics | public policy | schooling | learning | matching | experience | wages | minimum wage | college | investment | training | firms | corporations | labor | unions | panel data | neoclassical model | turnover models | turnover | economics | labor | labor | market | market | statistics | statistics | theory | theory | neoclassical | neoclassical | supply | supply | model | model | life-cycle | life-cycle | demand | demand | wages | wages | immigration | immigration | human capital | human capital | econometrics | econometrics | liquidity | liquidity | constraints | constraints | mobility | mobility | incentives | incentives | organization | organization | moral hazard | moral hazard | insurance | insurance | investments | investments | efficiency | efficiency | unemployment | unemployment | search | search | jobs | jobs | training | training | capital | capital | firm | firm | technology | technology | skills | skills | risk | risk | signaling | signaling | discrimination | discrimination | self-selection | self-selection | learning | learning | natives | natives

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Social Mobility - The Greatest Challenge of our Time?

Description

Sir Peter Lampi, founder and chairman of the Sutton Trust (which aims to improve social mobility through education) and founder of the Education Endowment Foundation. Outlining the impetus for these organisations, their key research findings, major projects and future direction, as well as thoughts on improving social mobility in the UK. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

society | university | education | alumni | social mobility | society | university | education | alumni | social mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Social Mobility - The Greatest Challenge of our Time?

Description

Sir Peter Lampi, founder and chairman of the Sutton Trust (which aims to improve social mobility through education) and founder of the Education Endowment Foundation. Outlining the impetus for these organisations, their key research findings, major projects and future direction, as well as thoughts on improving social mobility in the UK. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

society | university | education | alumni | social mobility | society | university | education | alumni | social mobility

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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