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1.018J Fundamentals of Ecology (MIT) 1.018J Fundamentals of Ecology (MIT)

Description

This is a basic subject in ecology that seeks to improve the understanding of the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems and the regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms. The course covers productivity and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems, trophic dynamics, community structure and stability, competition and predation, evolution and natural selection, population growth and physiological ecology. There is particular emphasis placed on aquatic systems. This is a basic subject in ecology that seeks to improve the understanding of the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems and the regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms. The course covers productivity and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems, trophic dynamics, community structure and stability, competition and predation, evolution and natural selection, population growth and physiological ecology. There is particular emphasis placed on aquatic systems.

Subjects

ecology | ecology | flow of energy | flow of energy | flow of materials | flow of materials | ecosystems | ecosystems | distribution and abundance of organisms | distribution and abundance of organisms | productivity cycles | productivity cycles | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | trophic dynamics | trophic dynamics | community structure and stability | community structure and stability | competition and predation | competition and predation | evolution and natural selection | evolution and natural selection | population growth | population growth | physiological ecology | physiological ecology | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | community structure | community structure | community stability | community stability | competition | competition | predation | predation | distribution | distribution | organisms | organisms | evolution | evolution | natural selection | natural selection | energy flow | energy flow | 1.018 | 1.018 | 7.30 | 7.30

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7.06 Cell Biology (MIT) 7.06 Cell Biology (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the biology of cells of higher organisms: The structure, function, and biosynthesis of cellular membranes and organelles; cell growth and oncogenic transformation; transport, receptors, and cell signaling; the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, and cell movements; chromatin structure and RNA synthesis. This course deals with the biology of cells of higher organisms: The structure, function, and biosynthesis of cellular membranes and organelles; cell growth and oncogenic transformation; transport, receptors, and cell signaling; the cytoskeleton, the extracellular matrix, and cell movements; chromatin structure and RNA synthesis.

Subjects

Biology | Biology | cells | cells | organisms | organisms | biosynthesis | biosynthesis | cellular membranes | cellular membranes | organelles | organelles | cell growth | cell growth | oncogenic transformation | oncogenic transformation | transport | transport | receptors | receptors | cell signaling | cell signaling | cytoskeleton | cytoskeleton | extracellular matrix | extracellular matrix | matrix | matrix | cell movements | cell movements | chromatin | chromatin | RNA | RNA | RNA synthesis | RNA synthesis

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.341 Brightening up Life: Harnessing the Power of Fluorescence Imaging to Observe Biology in Action (MIT) 7.341 Brightening up Life: Harnessing the Power of Fluorescence Imaging to Observe Biology in Action (MIT)

Description

One summer in the 1960s a young Japanese researcher, with the help of a few high school students, chopped up ten thousand jellyfish. As a by-product of this harvest, they isolated a green fluorescent protein (GFP). Since then, GFP has triggered a revolution in our understanding of gene expression and signaling in live cells. In this seminar, we will examine how this small protein generates fluorescence, i.e. absorbs light of one wavelength and emits light of a longer wavelength. We will discuss how the color palette has been extended from green to blue, red and many other colors, based on protein engineering of GFP and the study of vividly colorful coral reefs. We will then investigate how these fluorescent proteins can be used to track the motion of DNA, RNA and protein in living cells, a One summer in the 1960s a young Japanese researcher, with the help of a few high school students, chopped up ten thousand jellyfish. As a by-product of this harvest, they isolated a green fluorescent protein (GFP). Since then, GFP has triggered a revolution in our understanding of gene expression and signaling in live cells. In this seminar, we will examine how this small protein generates fluorescence, i.e. absorbs light of one wavelength and emits light of a longer wavelength. We will discuss how the color palette has been extended from green to blue, red and many other colors, based on protein engineering of GFP and the study of vividly colorful coral reefs. We will then investigate how these fluorescent proteins can be used to track the motion of DNA, RNA and protein in living cells, a

Subjects

Green Fluorescent Protein | Green Fluorescent Protein | Fluorescent protein engineering | Fluorescent protein engineering | Photoconversion | Photoconversion | fluorescent protein variants | fluorescent protein variants | fluorescent microscopy facility | fluorescent microscopy facility | Quantitative fluorescent imaging | Quantitative fluorescent imaging | ultra-sensitive fluorescent imaging | ultra-sensitive fluorescent imaging | high-throughput analysis | high-throughput analysis | Fluorescent imaging in living organisms | Fluorescent imaging in living organisms | phycoerythrin | phycoerythrin | phytochrome | phytochrome | jellyfish | jellyfish | red fluorescent protein | red fluorescent protein | photoactivation | photoactivation | chromophore | chromophore | protonation | protonation | lysosomes | lysosomes | recombinant protein molecules | recombinant protein molecules

License

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7.342 Cancer Biology: From Basic Research to the Clinic (MIT) 7.342 Cancer Biology: From Basic Research to the Clinic (MIT)

Description

This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. In 1971, President Nixon declared the "War on Cancer," but after three decades the war is still raging. How much progress have we made toward winning the war and what are we doing to improve the fight? Understanding the molecular and cellular events involved in tumor formation, progression, and metastasis is crucial to the development of innovative therapy for cancer patients. Insights into these processes have been gleaned through basic research using biochemical, molecular, and genetic ana This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. In 1971, President Nixon declared the "War on Cancer," but after three decades the war is still raging. How much progress have we made toward winning the war and what are we doing to improve the fight? Understanding the molecular and cellular events involved in tumor formation, progression, and metastasis is crucial to the development of innovative therapy for cancer patients. Insights into these processes have been gleaned through basic research using biochemical, molecular, and genetic ana

Subjects

cancer | cancer | tumor | tumor | metastasis | metastasis | genetic analysis | genetic analysis | cancer biology | cancer biology | model organisms | model organisms | genetic pathways | genetic pathways | uncontrolled growth | uncontrolled growth | tumor suppressor genes | tumor suppressor genes | oncogenes | oncogenes | tumor initiation | tumor initiation | cell cycle | cell cycle | chromosomal aberration | chromosomal aberration | apoptosis | apoptosis | cell death | cell death | signal transduction pathways | signal transduction pathways | proto-oncogene | proto-oncogene | mutation | mutation | DNA mismatch repair | DNA mismatch repair | telomeres | telomeres | mouse models | mouse models | tissue specificity | tissue specificity | malignancy | malignancy | stem cells | stem cells | therapeutic resistance | therapeutic resistance | differentiation | differentiation | caner research | caner research | cancer therapeutics | cancer therapeutics | chemotherapy | chemotherapy

License

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SP.251 PE for ME (MIT) SP.251 PE for ME (MIT)

Description

The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to ME and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment. The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to ME and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment.

Subjects

thinking | thinking | moving | moving | being | being | kinesthetics | kinesthetics | proprioception | proprioception | movement | movement | body | body | disbility | disbility | coordination | coordination | human organism | human organism | sensing | sensing | feeling | feeling | limbs | limbs | physical thinking | physical thinking | physical intelligence | physical intelligence

License

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Preprosti mnogocelični organizmi Simple multicellular organisms

Description

Naloga je namenjena predvsem zabavi. Keywords in topic simple multicellular organisms are broken into short pieces (3-4 letters) - put them back together.

Subjects

biologija | biology | mnogoceličar | multicellular organism | ključna beseda | keyword | organizem | organism

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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Preprosti mnogocelični organizmi - križanka Simple multicellular organisms - crossword

Description

Križanka sestavljena iz besed povezanih s preprostimi mnogoceličnimi organizmi. Crossword puzzle build of terms related to the simple multicellular organisms.

Subjects

biologija | biology | mnogoceličar | multicellular organism | organizem | organism | celica | cell | križanka | crossword

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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Preprosti mnogocelični organizmi - anagram Simple multicellular organisms - anagram

Description

Anagrami iz besed povezanih s preprostimi mnogoceličnimi organizmi. Anagrams of terms related to the simple multicellular organisms.

Subjects

biologija | biology | mnogoceličar | multicellular organism | organizem | organism | celica | cell | anagram

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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Naprednejše mnogocelične živali - križanka Complex multicellular animals - crossword

Description

Križanka sestavljena iz besed povezanih z naprednejšimi mnogocelični živali. Crossword puzzle build of terms related to the complex multicellular animals.

Subjects

biologija | biology | križanka | crossword | mnogoceličar | multicellular organism | organizem | organism

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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7.014 Introductory Biology (MIT) 7.014 Introductory Biology (MIT)

Description

The MIT Biology Department core courses, 7.012, 7.013, and 7.014, all cover the same core material, which includes the fundamental principles of biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and cell biology. Biological function at the molecular level is particularly emphasized and covers the structure and regulation of genes, as well as, the structure and synthesis of proteins, how these molecules are integrated into cells, and how these cells are integrated into multicellular systems and organisms. In addition, each version of the subject has its own distinctive material.7.014 focuses on the application of these fundamental principles, toward an understanding of microorganisms as geochemical agents responsible for the evolution and renewal of the biosphere and of their role in human health The MIT Biology Department core courses, 7.012, 7.013, and 7.014, all cover the same core material, which includes the fundamental principles of biochemistry, genetics, molecular biology, and cell biology. Biological function at the molecular level is particularly emphasized and covers the structure and regulation of genes, as well as, the structure and synthesis of proteins, how these molecules are integrated into cells, and how these cells are integrated into multicellular systems and organisms. In addition, each version of the subject has its own distinctive material.7.014 focuses on the application of these fundamental principles, toward an understanding of microorganisms as geochemical agents responsible for the evolution and renewal of the biosphere and of their role in human health

Subjects

microorganisms | microorganisms | geochemistry | geochemistry | geochemical agents | geochemical agents | biosphere | biosphere | bacterial genetics | bacterial genetics | carbon metabolism | carbon metabolism | energy metabolism | energy metabolism | productivity | productivity | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | molecular evolution | molecular evolution | population genetics | population genetics | evolution | evolution | population growth | population growth | biology | biology | biochemistry | biochemistry | genetics | genetics | molecular biology | molecular biology | recombinant DNA | recombinant DNA | cell cycle | cell cycle | cell signaling | cell signaling | cloning | cloning | stem cells | stem cells | cancer | cancer | immunology | immunology | virology | virology | genomics | genomics | molecular medicine | molecular medicine | DNA | DNA | RNA | RNA | proteins | proteins | replication | replication | transcription | transcription | mRNA | mRNA | translation | translation | ribosome | ribosome | nervous system | nervous system | amino acids | amino acids | polypeptide chain | polypeptide chain | cell biology | cell biology | neurobiology | neurobiology | gene regulation | gene regulation | protein structure | protein structure | protein synthesis | protein synthesis | gene structure | gene structure | PCR | PCR | polymerase chain reaction | polymerase chain reaction | protein localization | protein localization | endoplasmic reticulum | endoplasmic reticulum | ecology | ecology | communities | communities

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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An introduction to biological systematics An introduction to biological systematics

Description

This free course, An introduction to biological systematics, is concerned with macroevolution the patterns and processes of evolution above the species level. A crucial consideration in macroevolutionary studies is that of the evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) of the organisms in question. The course begins with an introduction to the scope of macroevolutionary studies and illustrates methods of reconstructing phylogeny, from both morphological and molecular data. First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as An introduction to biological systematics. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 This free course, An introduction to biological systematics, is concerned with macroevolution the patterns and processes of evolution above the species level. A crucial consideration in macroevolutionary studies is that of the evolutionary relationships (phylogeny) of the organisms in question. The course begins with an introduction to the scope of macroevolutionary studies and illustrates methods of reconstructing phylogeny, from both morphological and molecular data. First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as An introduction to biological systematics. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as An introduction to biological systematics. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 First published on Thu, 24 Mar 2016 as An introduction to biological systematics. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Natural History | Natural History | evolution | evolution | species | species | organisms | organisms

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT) 1.018J Ecology I: The Earth System (MIT)

Description

We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite. We will cover fundamentals of ecology, considering Earth as an integrated dynamic system. Topics include coevolution of the biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere and oceans; photosynthesis and respiration; the hydrologic, carbon and nitrogen cycles. We will examine the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems; regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms; structure and function of ecosystems, including evolution and natural selection; metabolic diversity; productivity; trophic dynamics; models of population growth, competition, mutualism and predation. This course is designated as Communication-Intensive; instruction and practice in oral and written communication provided. Biology is a recommended prerequisite.

Subjects

biosphere | biosphere | geosphere | geosphere | atmosphere | atmosphere | photosynthesis | photosynthesis | respiration | respiration | hydrologic cycle | hydrologic cycle | carbon cycle | carbon cycle | nitrogen cycles | nitrogen cycles | ecosystems | ecosystems | regulation and abundance of organisms | regulation and abundance of organisms | evolution | evolution | natural selection | natural selection | metabolic diversity | metabolic diversity | productivity | productivity | trophic dynamics | trophic dynamics | models of population growth | models of population growth | competition | competition | mutualism | mutualism | predation. | predation.

License

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21L.448J Darwin and Design (MIT) 21L.448J Darwin and Design (MIT)

Description

This subject offers a broad survey of texts (both literary and philosophical) drawn from the Western tradition and selected to trace the immediate intellectual antecedents and some of the implications of the ideas animating Darwin's revolutionary On the Origin of Species. Darwin's text, of course, is about the mechanism that drives the evolution of life on this planet, but the fundamental ideas of the text have implications that range well beyond the scope of natural history, and the assumptions behind Darwin's arguments challenge ideas that go much further back than the set of ideas that Darwin set himself explicitly to question - ideas of decisive importance when we think about ourselves, the nature of the material universe, the planet that we live upon, and our place in its scheme of This subject offers a broad survey of texts (both literary and philosophical) drawn from the Western tradition and selected to trace the immediate intellectual antecedents and some of the implications of the ideas animating Darwin's revolutionary On the Origin of Species. Darwin's text, of course, is about the mechanism that drives the evolution of life on this planet, but the fundamental ideas of the text have implications that range well beyond the scope of natural history, and the assumptions behind Darwin's arguments challenge ideas that go much further back than the set of ideas that Darwin set himself explicitly to question - ideas of decisive importance when we think about ourselves, the nature of the material universe, the planet that we live upon, and our place in its scheme of

Subjects

Origin of Species | Origin of Species | Darwin | Darwin | intelligent agency | intelligent agency | literature | literature | speculative thought | speculative thought | eighteenth century | eighteenth century | feedback mechanism | feedback mechanism | artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | Hume | Hume | Voltaire | Voltaire | Malthus | Malthus | Butler | Butler | Hardy | Hardy | H.G. Wells | H.G. Wells | Freud | Freud | artificial | artificial | intelligence | intelligence | feedback | feedback | mechanism | mechanism | speculative | speculative | thought | thought | intelligent | intelligent | agency | agency | systems | systems | design | design | pre-Darwinian | pre-Darwinian | Darwinian | Darwinian | natural | natural | history | history | conscious | conscious | selection | selection | chance | chance | unconscious | unconscious | philosophy | philosophy | human | human | Adam Smith | Adam Smith | Thomas Malthus | Thomas Malthus | intellectual | intellectual | self-guiding | self-guiding | self-sustaining | self-sustaining | nature | nature | unintelligent | unintelligent | mechanical | mechanical | argument | argument | evolution | evolution | creation | creation | creationism | creationism | ethics | ethics | ethical | ethical | values | values | On the Origin of Species | On the Origin of Species | Charles Darwin | Charles Darwin | model | model | existence | existence | objects | objects | designer | designer | purpose | purpose | literary texts | literary texts | philosophical texts | philosophical texts | Western tradition | Western tradition | intellectual history | intellectual history | life | life | planet | planet | natural history | natural history | material universe | material universe | theory of natural selection | theory of natural selection | argument from design | argument from design | organisms | organisms | human design | human design | conscious agency | conscious agency | unconscious agency | unconscious agency | human intelligence | human intelligence | self-guiding systems | self-guiding systems | self-sustaining systems | self-sustaining systems | natural selection | natural selection | 21L.448 | 21L.448 | 21W.739 | 21W.739

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HST.510 Genomics, Computing, Economics, and Society (MIT) HST.510 Genomics, Computing, Economics, and Society (MIT)

Description

This course will focus on understanding aspects of modern technology displaying exponential growth curves and the impact on global quality of life through a weekly updated class project integrating knowledge and providing practical tools for political and business decision-making concerning new aspects of bioengineering, personalized medicine, genetically modified organisms, and stem cells. Interplays of economic, ethical, ecological, and biophysical modeling will be explored through multi-disciplinary teams of students, and individual brief reports. This course will focus on understanding aspects of modern technology displaying exponential growth curves and the impact on global quality of life through a weekly updated class project integrating knowledge and providing practical tools for political and business decision-making concerning new aspects of bioengineering, personalized medicine, genetically modified organisms, and stem cells. Interplays of economic, ethical, ecological, and biophysical modeling will be explored through multi-disciplinary teams of students, and individual brief reports.

Subjects

genomics | genomics | bioengineering | bioengineering | biological engineering | biological engineering | personalized medicine | personalized medicine | informatics | informatics | bioinformatics | bioinformatics | human genome | human genome | stem cells | stem cells | genetically modified organisms | genetically modified organisms | biophysics | biophysics | bioethics | bioethics | society | society | bioeconomics | bioeconomics | statistics | statistics | modeling | modeling | datamining | datamining | systems biology | systems biology | technology development | technology development | biotechnology | biotechnology | public policy | public policy | health policy | health policy | business | business | economics | economics

License

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1.89 Environmental Microbiology (MIT) 1.89 Environmental Microbiology (MIT)

Description

This class provides a general introduction to the diverse roles of microorganisms in natural and artificial environments. It will cover topics including: cellular architecture, energetics, and growth; evolution and gene flow; population and community dynamics; water and soil microbiology; biogeochemical cycling; and microorganisms in biodeterioration and bioremediation. This class provides a general introduction to the diverse roles of microorganisms in natural and artificial environments. It will cover topics including: cellular architecture, energetics, and growth; evolution and gene flow; population and community dynamics; water and soil microbiology; biogeochemical cycling; and microorganisms in biodeterioration and bioremediation.

Subjects

microorganisms | microorganisms | nature | nature | environment | environment | cellular architecture | cellular architecture | energetics | energetics | growth | growth | evolution | evolution | gene flow | gene flow | population and community dynamics | population and community dynamics | water and soil microbiology | water and soil microbiology | biogeochemical cycling | biogeochemical cycling | biodeterioration | biodeterioration | bioremediation | bioremediation

License

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21H.421 Introduction to Environmental History (MIT) 21H.421 Introduction to Environmental History (MIT)

Description

This seminar provides a historical overview of the interactions between people and their environments. Focusing primarily on the experience of Europeans in the period after Columbus, the subject explores the influence of nature (climate, topography, plants, animals, and microorganisms) on human history and the reciprocal influence of people on nature. Topics include the biological consequences of the European encounter with the Americas, the environmental impact of technology, and the roots of the current environmental crisis. This seminar provides a historical overview of the interactions between people and their environments. Focusing primarily on the experience of Europeans in the period after Columbus, the subject explores the influence of nature (climate, topography, plants, animals, and microorganisms) on human history and the reciprocal influence of people on nature. Topics include the biological consequences of the European encounter with the Americas, the environmental impact of technology, and the roots of the current environmental crisis.

Subjects

environmental history | environmental history | europe | europe | columbus | columbus | climate | climate | topography | topography | nature | nature | plants | plants | animals | animals | microorganisms | microorganisms | human history | human history | americas | americas | technology impact | technology impact | crisis | crisis | wilderness | wilderness | garden | garden | science | science | landscape | landscape | agriculture | agriculture | poison | poison | conservation | conservation | preservation | preservation | demography | demography | industry | industry

License

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1.018J Fundamentals of Ecology (MIT)

Description

This is a basic subject in ecology that seeks to improve the understanding of the flow of energy and materials through ecosystems and the regulation of the distribution and abundance of organisms. The course covers productivity and biogeochemical cycles in ecosystems, trophic dynamics, community structure and stability, competition and predation, evolution and natural selection, population growth and physiological ecology. There is particular emphasis placed on aquatic systems.

Subjects

ecology | flow of energy | flow of materials | ecosystems | distribution and abundance of organisms | productivity cycles | biogeochemical cycles | trophic dynamics | community structure and stability | competition and predation | evolution and natural selection | population growth | physiological ecology | aquatic systems | community structure | community stability | competition | predation | distribution | organisms | evolution | natural selection | energy flow | 1.018 | 7.30

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PE.920 PE for ME (MIT) PE.920 PE for ME (MIT)

Description

The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to Mechanical Engineering and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment. The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to Mechanical Engineering and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment.

Subjects

thinking | thinking | moving | moving | being | being | kinesthetics | kinesthetics | proprioception | proprioception | movement | movement | body | body | disbility | disbility | coordination | coordination | human organism | human organism | sensing | sensing | feeling | feeling | limbs | limbs | physical thinking | physical thinking | physical intelligence | physical intelligence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.753 Geodynamics Seminar (MIT) 12.753 Geodynamics Seminar (MIT)

Description

In this year's seminar, we will embark on a scientific journey through some of the most controversial topics about the origin and formation of our home planet. This journey will take us to other planetary bodies - even to other solar systems - as we immerse ourselves in observations and theories from the microscopic to the universe scale. The seminar will be organized around three broad questions: How was the Earth formed? What did early Earth look like? When did living organisms first appear on Earth? Experts in meteorites, geology of other planets, thermodynamics and tracers of living organisms, and theories of formation and evolution of planets, including early atmosphere and oceans, will come to WHOI and help us address these questions. In this year's seminar, we will embark on a scientific journey through some of the most controversial topics about the origin and formation of our home planet. This journey will take us to other planetary bodies - even to other solar systems - as we immerse ourselves in observations and theories from the microscopic to the universe scale. The seminar will be organized around three broad questions: How was the Earth formed? What did early Earth look like? When did living organisms first appear on Earth? Experts in meteorites, geology of other planets, thermodynamics and tracers of living organisms, and theories of formation and evolution of planets, including early atmosphere and oceans, will come to WHOI and help us address these questions.

Subjects

meteorites | meteorites | geology of other planets | geology of other planets | thermodynamics and tracers of living organisms | thermodynamics and tracers of living organisms | and theories of formation and evolution of planets | and theories of formation and evolution of planets | including early atmosphere and oceans | including early atmosphere and oceans | Ontario | Ontario | geodynamics | geodynamics

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.345 Using Simple Organisms to Model Human Diseases (MIT) 7.345 Using Simple Organisms to Model Human Diseases (MIT)

Description

How do scientists discover the basic biology underlying human diseases? Simple organisms such as baker’s yeast, nematodes, fruit flies, zebrafish, mice and rats have allowed biologists to investigate disease at multiple levels, from molecules to behavior. In this course students will learn strategies of disease modeling by critically reading and discussing primary research articles. We will explore current models of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, childhood genetic diseases such as Fragile X syndrome, as well as models of deafness and wound healing. Our goal will be to understand the strategies biologists use to build appropriate models of human disease and to appreciate both the power and limitations of using simple organisms to analyze human disease. T How do scientists discover the basic biology underlying human diseases? Simple organisms such as baker’s yeast, nematodes, fruit flies, zebrafish, mice and rats have allowed biologists to investigate disease at multiple levels, from molecules to behavior. In this course students will learn strategies of disease modeling by critically reading and discussing primary research articles. We will explore current models of neurodegenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s disease, childhood genetic diseases such as Fragile X syndrome, as well as models of deafness and wound healing. Our goal will be to understand the strategies biologists use to build appropriate models of human disease and to appreciate both the power and limitations of using simple organisms to analyze human disease. T

Subjects

human disease | human disease | yeast | yeast | nematodes | nematodes | fruit flies | fruit flies | zebrafish | zebrafish | mice | mice | rats | rats | Parkinson's disease | Parkinson's disease | Fragile X syndrome | Fragile X syndrome | deafness | deafness | wound healing | wound healing | experimental organisms | experimental organisms | genetic models | genetic models | Huntington's disease | Huntington's disease | Drosophila melanogaster | Drosophila melanogaster

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.341 Harnessing the Biosphere: Natural Products and Biotechnology (MIT) 7.341 Harnessing the Biosphere: Natural Products and Biotechnology (MIT)

Description

What do the organisms of the biosphere, specifically microorganisms, have to offer to biotechnological endeavors? In this course we will focus on the production of biomolecules using microbial systems. We will discuss potential growth substrates (such as agricultural waste and carbon dioxide) that can be used and learn about both established and cutting-edge manipulation techniques in the field of synthetic biology. We will also cover the production of biofuels, bioplastics, amino acids (e.g. lysine), food additives (e.g. monosodium glutamate, MSG), specialty chemicals (e.g. succinate), and biopharmaceuticals (e.g. plasmids for gene therapy). This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an What do the organisms of the biosphere, specifically microorganisms, have to offer to biotechnological endeavors? In this course we will focus on the production of biomolecules using microbial systems. We will discuss potential growth substrates (such as agricultural waste and carbon dioxide) that can be used and learn about both established and cutting-edge manipulation techniques in the field of synthetic biology. We will also cover the production of biofuels, bioplastics, amino acids (e.g. lysine), food additives (e.g. monosodium glutamate, MSG), specialty chemicals (e.g. succinate), and biopharmaceuticals (e.g. plasmids for gene therapy). This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an

Subjects

microorganisms | microorganisms | biomolecules | biomolecules | microbial systems | microbial systems | synthetic biology | synthetic biology | biofuels | biofuels | bioplastics | bioplastics | amino acids | amino acids | lysine | lysine | food additives | food additives | monosodium glutamate (MSG) | monosodium glutamate (MSG) | specialty chemicals | specialty chemicals | succinate | succinate | biopharmaceuticals | biopharmaceuticals | enzymes | enzymes | antibiotics and biocompatible materials | antibiotics and biocompatible materials | microbial biotechnology | microbial biotechnology | genetic engineering | genetic engineering

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.89 Environmental Microbiology (MIT)

Description

This class provides a general introduction to the diverse roles of microorganisms in natural and artificial environments. It will cover topics including: cellular architecture, energetics, and growth; evolution and gene flow; population and community dynamics; water and soil microbiology; biogeochemical cycling; and microorganisms in biodeterioration and bioremediation.

Subjects

microorganisms | nature | environment | cellular architecture | energetics | growth | evolution | gene flow | population and community dynamics | water and soil microbiology | biogeochemical cycling | biodeterioration | bioremediation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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a (2015)

Description

El programa de la asignatura Inmunologa se ha elaborado con el objetivo de estudiar las bases funcionales del sistema inmunitario, para as poder comprender los mecanismos de reconocimiento, activacin, maduracin y papel efector de este sistema en su funcin defensiva y alteraciones inmunopatolgicas responsables de enfermedades producidas por disfuncin de la respuesta inmunitaria. Al final de curso los estudiantes conocern las mltiples aplicaciones de la Inmunologa en los distintos campos cientficos y las distintas reas en las que podrn aplicar los conocimientos adquiridos en esta materia. En las prcticas de laboratorio, los estudiantes se familiarizarn con las principales tcnicas y aparataje utilizados en los laboratorios de diagnstico inmunolgico y serol?

Subjects

MICROBIOLOGIA | a | alergia | anticuerpo | autoinmunidad | citocina | n | inmunidad | leucocito | linfocito | microorganismo | quimiocina

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.5/es/

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21H.421 Introduction to Environmental History (MIT)

Description

This seminar provides a historical overview of the interactions between people and their environments. Focusing primarily on the experience of Europeans in the period after Columbus, the subject explores the influence of nature (climate, topography, plants, animals, and microorganisms) on human history and the reciprocal influence of people on nature. Topics include the biological consequences of the European encounter with the Americas, the environmental impact of technology, and the roots of the current environmental crisis.

Subjects

environmental history | europe | columbus | climate | topography | nature | plants | animals | microorganisms | human history | americas | technology impact | crisis | wilderness | garden | science | landscape | agriculture | poison | conservation | preservation | demography | industry

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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PE.920 PE for ME (MIT)

Description

The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to Mechanical Engineering and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment.

Subjects

thinking | moving | being | kinesthetics | proprioception | movement | body | disbility | coordination | human organism | sensing | feeling | limbs | physical thinking | physical intelligence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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