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11.949 Cities in Conflict: Theory and Practice (MIT) 11.949 Cities in Conflict: Theory and Practice (MIT)

Description

This course's aims are two-fold: to offer students the theoretical and practical tools to understand how and why cities become torn by ethnic, religious, racial, nationalist, and/or other forms of identity that end up leading to conflict, violence, inequality, and social injustice; and to use this knowledge and insight in the search for solutions As preparation, students will be required to become familiar with social and political theories of the city and the nation and their relationship to each other. They also will focus on the ways that racial, ethnic, religious, nationalist or other identities grow and manifest themselves in cities or other territorial levels of determination (including the regional or transnational). In the search for remedies, students will be encouraged to cons This course's aims are two-fold: to offer students the theoretical and practical tools to understand how and why cities become torn by ethnic, religious, racial, nationalist, and/or other forms of identity that end up leading to conflict, violence, inequality, and social injustice; and to use this knowledge and insight in the search for solutions As preparation, students will be required to become familiar with social and political theories of the city and the nation and their relationship to each other. They also will focus on the ways that racial, ethnic, religious, nationalist or other identities grow and manifest themselves in cities or other territorial levels of determination (including the regional or transnational). In the search for remedies, students will be encouraged to cons

Subjects

why cities become torn | why cities become torn | ethnic | ethnic | religious | religious | racial | racial | nationalist | nationalist | forms of identity that end up leading to conflict | forms of identity that end up leading to conflict | violence | violence | inequality | inequality | social injustice | social injustice | solutions | solutions | social and political theories of the city and the nation | social and political theories of the city and the nation | territorial levels of determination | territorial levels of determination | regional or transnational | regional or transnational | policymaking | policymaking | democratic participation | democratic participation | citizenship | citizenship | spatial | spatial | infrastructural | infrastructural | technological interventions | technological interventions | spatial | infrastructural | and technological interventions | spatial | infrastructural | and technological interventions | democracy | democracy | democratic | democratic | territory | territory | territorial | territorial | participation | participation | policy | policy | theoretical | theoretical | practical | practical | identity | identity | conflict | conflict | social | social | political | political | theories | theories | regional | regional | transnational | transnational | levels of determination | levels of determination | institutional | institutional | technological | technological | interventions | interventions | city | city | difference | difference | diversity | diversity | equality | equality | class | class | cities | cities | nations | nations | legal | legal | jurisdiction | jurisdiction | peace | peace | cosmopolitan | cosmopolitan

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe. This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | Planning | Planning | water supply | water supply | sanitation | sanitation | developing countries | developing countries | sanitation technologies | sanitation technologies | service pricing | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | alternative institutional structures | privatization | privatization | consumer demand | consumer demand | community participation | community participation | planning processes | planning processes | environmental health | environmental health | public health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | low-income households | case studies | case studies | policy memos | policy memos | journals | journals | environment | environment | sustainability | sustainability | pollution | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Cheerleading and The Games

Description

There are hundreds of different sports across the globe, and many vie and jostle for a place on the Olympic and Paralympic roster. Only a few key sports display the kind of rapid, global growth that catch people’s attention and raise the long-term potential for the sport to gain its place on the world stage – which may include Olympic and Paralympic recognition

Subjects

oxb:060111:028dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | participation | new sports | cheerleading | cheerleaders | athletics unions | university sport | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | widening participation | bucs | american football | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Cheerleading and The Games

Description

There are hundreds of different sports across the globe, and many vie and jostle for a place on the Olympic and Paralympic roster. Only a few key sports display the kind of rapid, global growth that catch people’s attention and raise the long-term potential for the sport to gain its place on the world stage – which may include Olympic and Paralympic recognition. Cheerleading is one such sport, which is currently enjoying a rapid increase in global participation, an explosion of coaching awards and newly qualified coaches, strides forward in the quality of competition and development of Governing bodies, and a clear denunciation between the dance and stunting disciplines of the sport

Subjects

oxb:060111:028dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | participation | new sports | cheerleading | cheerleaders | athletics unions | university sport | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | widening participation | bucs | american football | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

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Women's Boxing: the changing face of sport at the Olympic Games

Description

The historic decision of the International Olympic Committee to introduce women’s boxing into the Olympic Summer Games schedule for 2012 is, no doubt, a positive move towards furthering gender equality in sport

Subjects

cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | discussion starter | discuss | womens sport | female participation | fighting | boxing | contact sports | gender | equality | amateur boxing | bbc | oxb:060111:005dd | hospitality | leisure | sport | tourism | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | womens boxing | aba | british board of boxing control | team gb | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Levelling the playing field

Description

One of the key legacy outcomes of the London 2012 Games is to inspire more people to play sport. How well is LOCOG meeting these targets?

Subjects

oxb:060111:036dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | participation | disabilities | inspiration | involvement | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | olympic values | sport england | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Widening participation: the Winter Games and investment in facilities

Description

England has never been known for its majestic mountain ranges, or for its epic year-round snowfall. Nor are the British public known for their expertise in, and enthusiasm for, snow sports such as skiing, slalom, bobsleigh, skeleton or snowboarding. How then, did an English athlete manage to demonstrate a Gold-medal winning performance in the Skeleton event that claimed victory over all of the other great snow sports nations such as Austria, Switzerland, Canada and the US?

Subjects

oxb:060111:031dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | winter sports | skiing | funding | finance | facilities | climate | participation | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | salt lake city 2002 | sochi 2014 | vancouver 2010 | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Genderisation and sexuality of the female Olympic athelete

Description

Clayton (2002) argue that tennis player Anna Kournikova represents the most powerful symbol of genderisation in sport. Such a supposition is interesting as Kournikova, while successful, never really achieved dominance in her game, instead being better recognised in recent years for her modelling and celebrity profile. The image of Kournikova is, no doubt, a sexualised one

Subjects

oxb:060111:041dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | gender | sexuality | equality | femininity | womens sport | female sport | participation | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

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21H.575J Women in South Asia from 1800 to Present (MIT) 21H.575J Women in South Asia from 1800 to Present (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce and help students understand the changes and continuities in the lives of women in South Asia from a historical perspective. Using gender as a lens of examining the past, we will examine how politics of race, class, caste and religion affected and continue to impact women in South Asian countries, primarily in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We will reflect upon current debates within South Asian women's history in order to examine some of the issues and problems that arise in re-writing the past from a gendered perspective and these are found in primary documents, secondary readings, films, newspaper articles, and the Internet. This course is designed to introduce and help students understand the changes and continuities in the lives of women in South Asia from a historical perspective. Using gender as a lens of examining the past, we will examine how politics of race, class, caste and religion affected and continue to impact women in South Asian countries, primarily in India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. We will reflect upon current debates within South Asian women's history in order to examine some of the issues and problems that arise in re-writing the past from a gendered perspective and these are found in primary documents, secondary readings, films, newspaper articles, and the Internet.

Subjects

21H.575 | 21H.575 | WGS.459 | WGS.459 | mother | mother | daughter | daughter | in-law | in-law | wive | wive | courtesan | courtesan | concubine | concubine | divinities | divinities | devotee | devotee | social reform | social reform | india | india | education | education | religion | religion | gender | gender | law | law | colonial india | colonial india | british empire | british empire | good wife | good wife | harem | harem | political participation | political participation | women's work | women's work | empower | empower | birth control | birth control | gandhi | gandhi | public health | public health | activism | activism | partition | partition | dowry | dowry | rape | rape | sati | sati | civil code | civil code | religious fundamentalism | religious fundamentalism | sexualty | sexualty | popular culture | popular culture | globalization | globalization | feminism | feminism | south asian women | south asian women

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Womens participation in the Olympic Games

Description

This case study considers female participation in the Olympics as athletes, leaders and volunteers and also considers issues associated with gender identity and female doping

Subjects

oxb:060111:011cs | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality | cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | female participation | women in sport | female doping | female boxing | boxing | contact sports | womens boxing | gender | equality | sexism | caster semenya | team gb | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | iaaf | ioc world conference on women and sport | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Genderisation and sexuality of the female Olympic athlete

Description

Clayton (2002) argue that tennis player Anna Kournikova represents the most powerful symbol of genderisation in sport. Such a supposition is interesting as Kournikova, while successful, never really achieved dominance in her game, instead being better recognised in recent years for her modelling and celebrity profile. The image of Kournikova is, no doubt, a sexualised one

Subjects

oxb:060111:041dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | athletics | competition | gender | sexuality | equality | femininity | womens sport | female sport | participation | ukoer | hlst | engscoer | oer | ll2012 | london 2012 | olympics | olympic games | paralympics | paralympic games | learning legacies | jisc | hea | oxford brookes university | hlstoer | ioc | locog | the olympics gender and widening participation | Social studies | L000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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Cheerleading and the Games

Description

ly qualified coaches, strides forward in the quality of competition and development of Governing bodies, and a clear denunciation between the dance and stunting disciplines of the sport.

Subjects

oxb:060111:028dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | UKOER | HLST | ENGSCOER | OER | LL2012 | London 2012 | Olympics | Olympic Games | Paralympics | Paralympic Games | Learning Legacies | JISC | HEA | Oxford Brookes University | HLSTOER | IOC | LOCOG | athletics | competition | Widening participation | participation | new sports | cheerleading | cheerleaders | BUCS | athletics unions | university sport | American football | The Olympics Gender and Widening Participation .

License

Creative Commons Licence
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales License, except where otherwise noted within the resource. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales License, except where otherwise noted within the resource.

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Physical activity: a family affair Physical activity: a family affair

Description

This free course, Physical activity: a family affair, aims to explore the effects that the family has on the amount and nature of physical activity a child participates in. The beliefs and behaviours of the family environment are the key psycho-social factors we investigate here. First published on Wed, 17 Feb 2016 as Physical activity: a family affair. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 This free course, Physical activity: a family affair, aims to explore the effects that the family has on the amount and nature of physical activity a child participates in. The beliefs and behaviours of the family environment are the key psycho-social factors we investigate here. First published on Wed, 17 Feb 2016 as Physical activity: a family affair. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Health | Sports & Psychology | Health | Sports & Psychology | Psychology | Psychology | Sport and Fitness | Sport and Fitness | socialisation | socialisation | family | family | attitudes | attitudes | physical activity | physical activity | parents | parents | participation | participation | E313_1 | E313_1

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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STS.080 Youth Political Participation (MIT) STS.080 Youth Political Participation (MIT)

Description

This course places contemporary youth activities in perspective by surveying young American's political participation over the past 200 years. Each week, students will look at trends in youth political activism during a specific historical period, as well as what difference—if any—youth media production and technology use (radio, music, automobiles, ready-made clothing) made in determining the course of events. A central theme in accounts of political participation by those who have not yet reached the age of majority are the opportunities for mobilization and expression that new technologies supply. This class explores what is truly new about "new media" and reviews lessons from history for present-day activists based on patterns of past failure and success. This course places contemporary youth activities in perspective by surveying young American's political participation over the past 200 years. Each week, students will look at trends in youth political activism during a specific historical period, as well as what difference—if any—youth media production and technology use (radio, music, automobiles, ready-made clothing) made in determining the course of events. A central theme in accounts of political participation by those who have not yet reached the age of majority are the opportunities for mobilization and expression that new technologies supply. This class explores what is truly new about "new media" and reviews lessons from history for present-day activists based on patterns of past failure and success.

Subjects

politics | politics | youth politics | youth politics | political history | political history | political participation | political participation | new media | new media | technology | technology | political activism | political activism | activism | activism | youth groups | youth groups | youth activism | youth activism

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it valuates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning; water supply; sanitation; developing countries; sanitation technologies; service pricing; alternative institutional structures; privatization; consumer demand; community participation; planning processes; environmental health; public health; water supply and sanitation planning; low-income households; case studies; policy memos; journals; environment; sustainability; pollution | Planning | water supply | sanitation | developing countries | sanitation technologies | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | privatization | consumer demand | community participation | planning processes | environmental health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | case studies | policy memos | journals | environment | sustainability | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Cheerleading and the Games

Description

?s attention and raise the long-term potential for the sport to gain its place on the world stage ? which may include Olympic and Paralympic recognition.

Subjects

oxb:060111:028dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | UKOER | HLST | ENGSCOER | OER | LL2012 | London 2012 | Olympics | Olympic Games | Paralympics | Paralympic Games | Learning Legacies | JISC | HEA | Oxford Brookes University | HLSTOER | IOC | LOCOG | athletics | competition | Widening participation | participation | new sports | cheerleading | cheerleaders | BUCS | athletics unions | university sport | American football | The Olympics Gender and Widening Participation .

License

Creative Commons Licence
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11.950 Citizen Participation, Community Development, and Urban Governance in the Developing World (MIT) 11.950 Citizen Participation, Community Development, and Urban Governance in the Developing World (MIT)

Description

Citizen participation is everywhere. Invoking it has become de rigueur when discussing cities and regions in the developing world. From the World Bank to the World Social Forum, the virtues of participation are extolled: From its capacity to "deepen democracy" to its ability to improve governance, there is no shortage to the benefits it can bring. While it is clear that participation cannot possibly "do" all that is claimed, it is also clear that citizen participation cannot be dismissed, and that there must be something to it. Figuring out what that something is — whether it is identifying the types of participation or the contexts in which it happens that bring about desirable outcomes — is the goal of the class. Citizen participation is everywhere. Invoking it has become de rigueur when discussing cities and regions in the developing world. From the World Bank to the World Social Forum, the virtues of participation are extolled: From its capacity to "deepen democracy" to its ability to improve governance, there is no shortage to the benefits it can bring. While it is clear that participation cannot possibly "do" all that is claimed, it is also clear that citizen participation cannot be dismissed, and that there must be something to it. Figuring out what that something is — whether it is identifying the types of participation or the contexts in which it happens that bring about desirable outcomes — is the goal of the class.

Subjects

citizen participation | citizen participation | community development | community development | urban governance | urban governance | democracy | democracy | citizenship | citizenship | case studies | case studies | globalization | globalization | civil society | civil society | community | community | decision making | decision making | latin america | latin america | south asia | south asia | africa | africa

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.949 Cities in Conflict: Theory and Practice (MIT)

Description

This course's aims are two-fold: to offer students the theoretical and practical tools to understand how and why cities become torn by ethnic, religious, racial, nationalist, and/or other forms of identity that end up leading to conflict, violence, inequality, and social injustice; and to use this knowledge and insight in the search for solutions As preparation, students will be required to become familiar with social and political theories of the city and the nation and their relationship to each other. They also will focus on the ways that racial, ethnic, religious, nationalist or other identities grow and manifest themselves in cities or other territorial levels of determination (including the regional or transnational). In the search for remedies, students will be encouraged to cons

Subjects

why cities become torn | ethnic | religious | racial | nationalist | forms of identity that end up leading to conflict | violence | inequality | social injustice | solutions | social and political theories of the city and the nation | territorial levels of determination | regional or transnational | policymaking | democratic participation | citizenship | spatial | infrastructural | technological interventions | spatial | infrastructural | and technological interventions | democracy | democratic | territory | territorial | participation | policy | theoretical | practical | identity | conflict | social | political | theories | regional | transnational | levels of determination | institutional | technological | interventions | city | difference | diversity | equality | class | cities | nations | legal | jurisdiction | peace | cosmopolitan

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Cheerleading and the Games

Description

’s attention and raise the long-term potential for the sport to gain its place on the world stage – which may include Olympic and Paralympic recognition.

Subjects

oxb:060111:028dd | sport | leisure | tourism | hospitality. cc-by | creative commons | UKOER | HLST | ENGSCOER | OER | LL2012 | London 2012 | Olympics | Olympic Games | Paralympics | Paralympic Games | Learning Legacies | JISC | HEA | Oxford Brookes University | HLSTOER | IOC | LOCOG | athletics | competition | Widening participation | participation | new sports | cheerleading | cheerleaders | BUCS | athletics unions | university sport | American football | The Olympics Gender and Widening Participation .

License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 UK: England and Wales License,except where otherwise noted within the resource. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 UK: England and Wales License,except where otherwise noted within the resource.

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Smart Technologies and Public Participation in Transport Planning

Description

Dr Richard Kingston and Dr Bryan Marshall provide a critical view on smart cities and discuss some of its implications to rethink the role of citizen engagement in urban and transport planning. One of the core ideas behind Smart Cities is that the progress in information technologies enables urban and transport planning to be based on better informed decisions using data-driven solutions to urban problems. Yet our understanding of how the emerging role of technology and data in our cities will shape public participation in urban and transport planning is still limited. A well-discussed pitfall is that smart city technologies can give the false idea that urban planning becomes simply a matter of efficient administration, leading to technocratic approaches in decision-making. Despite the po Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

technology | public participation | cities | transport | planning | TSU | technology | public participation | cities | transport | planning | TSU | 2016-03-01

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.479 Water and Sanitation Infrastructure Planning in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it evaluates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe. This course examines the policy and planning for the provision of water supply and sanitation services in developing countries. It reviews available technologies, but emphasizes the planning and policy process, including economic, social, environmental, and health issues. The course incorporates considerations of financing, pricing, institutional structure, consumer demand, and community participation in the planning process. And it evaluates policies and projects in case studies from Asia, Africa, Latin America, and Central and Eastern Europe.

Subjects

planning | planning | water supply | water supply | sanitation | sanitation | developing countries | developing countries | sanitation technologies | sanitation technologies | service pricing | service pricing | alternative institutional structures | alternative institutional structures | privatization | privatization | consumer demand | consumer demand | community participation | community participation | planning processes | planning processes | environmental health | environmental health | public health | public health | water supply and sanitation planning | water supply and sanitation planning | low-income households | low-income households | case studies | case studies | policy memos | policy memos | journals | journals | environment | environment | sustainability | sustainability | pollution | pollution

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs, the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development, determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government, evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions, and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors. This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs, the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development, determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government, evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions, and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors.

Subjects

basic economic concerns | basic economic concerns | political | political | institutional | institutional | and cultural factors | and cultural factors | decentralization in national economic reform programs | decentralization in national economic reform programs | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | political | institutional | and cultural factors | political | institutional | and cultural factors | developing countries | developing countries | public goods | public goods | externalities | externalities | economic development | economic development | balance sheets | balance sheets | fiscal gap | fiscal gap | revenues | revenues | expenditures | expenditures | budget deficits | budget deficits | inflation | inflation | public finance theory | public finance theory | efficiency | efficiency | optimal taxation | optimal taxation | optimal user fees | optimal user fees | basic microeconomic theory | basic microeconomic theory | equity | equity | incidence | incidence | general equilibrium model | general equilibrium model | property taxation | property taxation | tax reform | tax reform | intergovernmental fiscal relations | intergovernmental fiscal relations | fiscal federalism | fiscal federalism | decentralization | decentralization | transfers | transfers | international lending agencies | international lending agencies | programming assistance | programming assistance | conditionalities | conditionalities | public debt | public debt | structural adjustment | structural adjustment | private sector participation | private sector participation | microfinance | microfinance

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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The American crisis, and a letter to Sir Guy Carleton, on the murder of Captain Huddy, and the intended retaliation on Captain Asgill, of the Guards. By Thomas Paine, The American crisis, and a letter to Sir Guy Carleton, on the murder of Captain Huddy, and the intended retaliation on Captain Asgill, of the Guards. By Thomas Paine,

Description

ebook version of The American crisis, and a letter to Sir Guy Carleton, on the murder of Captain Huddy, and the intended retaliation on Captain Asgill, of the Guards. By Thomas Paine, ebook version of The American crisis, and a letter to Sir Guy Carleton, on the murder of Captain Huddy, and the intended retaliation on Captain Asgill, of the Guards. By Thomas Paine,

Subjects

kind | kind | Political participation -- United States | Political participation -- United States | Political rights -- Great Britain | Political rights -- Great Britain | Great Britain -- Colonies | Great Britain -- Colonies | Great Britain -- Colonies -- America | Great Britain -- Colonies -- America | United States -- History | United States -- History | Gage | Thomas | -- 171-1787 | Gage | Thomas | -- 171-1787 | Dorchester | Guy Carleton | -- Baron | -- 1724-1808 -- Public opinion | Dorchester | Guy Carleton | -- Baron | -- 1724-1808 -- Public opinion | ECCO | ECCO | text | text | CC BY-SA | CC BY-SA

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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11.373 Science, Politics, and Environmental Policy (MIT) 11.373 Science, Politics, and Environmental Policy (MIT)

Description

This class examines the role of science in the US environmental policy-making process. It investigates the methods scientists use to learn about the natural world, the way scientific knowledge accumulates, the treatment of science by advocates and the media, and the role of science in legislative, administrative and judicial decision making. It also considers how other political systems use science in an effort to put the US approach in comparative perspective. This class examines the role of science in the US environmental policy-making process. It investigates the methods scientists use to learn about the natural world, the way scientific knowledge accumulates, the treatment of science by advocates and the media, and the role of science in legislative, administrative and judicial decision making. It also considers how other political systems use science in an effort to put the US approach in comparative perspective.

Subjects

environmental policy | environmental policy | sound science | sound science | legislative policy | legislative policy | media influence | media influence | public participation | public participation | policy process | policy process | regulatory science | regulatory science | public perception | public perception | judicial decision making | judicial decision making | advocacy science | advocacy science | adaptive management | adaptive management

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Energy resources: Solar energy Energy resources: Solar energy

Description

Energy from sources other than fossil and nuclear fuels is to a large extent free of the concerns about environmental effects and renewability that characterize those two sources. Each alternative source supplies energy continuall, whether or not we use it, and most have their origins in energy generated outside the Earth, yet the potential of each is limited by its total supply set against its rate of use. The Sun will radiate energy until it ceases thermonuclear fusion, in around 5 billion years. This free course, Energy resources: Solar energy, explores the Sun as a potential source of usable energy. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Energy resources: Solar energy. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 Energy from sources other than fossil and nuclear fuels is to a large extent free of the concerns about environmental effects and renewability that characterize those two sources. Each alternative source supplies energy continuall, whether or not we use it, and most have their origins in energy generated outside the Earth, yet the potential of each is limited by its total supply set against its rate of use. The Sun will radiate energy until it ceases thermonuclear fusion, in around 5 billion years. This free course, Energy resources: Solar energy, explores the Sun as a potential source of usable energy. First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Energy resources: Solar energy. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Energy resources: Solar energy. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016 First published on Tue, 22 Mar 2016 as Energy resources: Solar energy. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2016

Subjects

Environmental Science | Environmental Science | personal | personal | participations | participations

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated (see http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions terms and conditions), this content is made available under a http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ - Original copyright The Open University

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