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HST.542J Quantitative Physiology: Organ Transport Systems (MIT) HST.542J Quantitative Physiology: Organ Transport Systems (MIT)

Description

This course elaborates on the application of the principles of energy and mass flow to major human organ systems. It discusses mechanisms of regulation and homeostasis. It also discusses anatomical, physiological, and pathophysiological features of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. There is emphasis on those systems, features, and devices that are most illuminated by the methods of physical sciences. This course elaborates on the application of the principles of energy and mass flow to major human organ systems. It discusses mechanisms of regulation and homeostasis. It also discusses anatomical, physiological, and pathophysiological features of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. There is emphasis on those systems, features, and devices that are most illuminated by the methods of physical sciences.

Subjects

electrocardiogram | electrocardiogram | cardiovascular system | cardiovascular system | cardiovascular physiology | cardiovascular physiology | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | myocardial cells | myocardial cells | electrocardiography | electrocardiography | physiological fluid mechanics | physiological fluid mechanics | respiratory physiology | respiratory physiology | renal physiology | renal physiology | quantitative physiology | quantitative physiology | pulmonary mechanics | pulmonary mechanics | heart | heart | arrhythmia | arrhythmia | pulmonary modeling | pulmonary modeling | clinical electrocardiography | clinical electrocardiography | ECG | ECG | EKG | EKG | ischemia | ischemia | infarction | infarction | vector cardiogram | vector cardiogram | purkinje fibers | purkinje fibers | QRS waveform | QRS waveform | tachycardia | tachycardia | action potential | action potential | depolarization | depolarization | afterdepolarization | afterdepolarization | total lung capacity | total lung capacity | systolic | systolic | diastolic | diastolic | residual volume | residual volume | vital capacity | vital capacity | HST.542 | HST.542 | 2.792 | 2.792 | 20.371J20.371 | 20.371J20.371 | 6.022 | 6.022

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9.17 Systems Neuroscience Lab (MIT) 9.17 Systems Neuroscience Lab (MIT)

Description

Systems Neuroscience Laboratory consists of a series of laboratories designed to give students experience with basic techniques for conducting systems neuroscience research. It includes sessions on anatomical, neurophysiological, and data acquisition and analysis techniques, and the ways these techniques are used to study nervous system function. Training is provided in the art of scientific writing with feedback designed to improve writing skills. Assignments include weekly preparation for lab sessions, two major research reports and a series of basic computer programming tutorials (MATLAB®). The class involves the use of experimental animals. Enrollment is limited. Systems Neuroscience Laboratory consists of a series of laboratories designed to give students experience with basic techniques for conducting systems neuroscience research. It includes sessions on anatomical, neurophysiological, and data acquisition and analysis techniques, and the ways these techniques are used to study nervous system function. Training is provided in the art of scientific writing with feedback designed to improve writing skills. Assignments include weekly preparation for lab sessions, two major research reports and a series of basic computer programming tutorials (MATLAB®). The class involves the use of experimental animals. Enrollment is limited.

Subjects

laboratory | laboratory | experiment | experiment | protocol | protocol | neuroscience | neuroscience | nerves | nerves | nervous system | nervous system | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | action potential | action potential | neurophysiology | neurophysiology | rat barrel | rat barrel | MATLAB | MATLAB | frog | frog | fly | fly | vision | vision | physiology | physiology | human | human | MRI | MRI | EEG | EEG | electroencephalography | electroencephalography | ablation | ablation | computer modeling techniques | computer modeling techniques | brain function | brain function | histology | histology | neural tissue | neural tissue | surgery | surgery | laboratory notebook | laboratory notebook | scientific writing | scientific writing

License

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HST.542J Quantitative Physiology: Organ Transport Systems (MIT)

Description

This course elaborates on the application of the principles of energy and mass flow to major human organ systems. It discusses mechanisms of regulation and homeostasis. It also discusses anatomical, physiological, and pathophysiological features of the cardiovascular, respiratory, and renal systems. There is emphasis on those systems, features, and devices that are most illuminated by the methods of physical sciences.

Subjects

electrocardiogram | cardiovascular system | cardiovascular physiology | electrophysiology | myocardial cells | electrocardiography | physiological fluid mechanics | respiratory physiology | renal physiology | quantitative physiology | pulmonary mechanics | heart | arrhythmia | pulmonary modeling | clinical electrocardiography | ECG | EKG | ischemia | infarction | vector cardiogram | purkinje fibers | QRS waveform | tachycardia | action potential | depolarization | afterdepolarization | total lung capacity | systolic | diastolic | residual volume | vital capacity | HST.542 | 2.792 | 20.371J20.371 | 6.022

License

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9.01 Neuroscience and Behavior (MIT) 9.01 Neuroscience and Behavior (MIT)

Description

Relation of structure and function at various levels of neuronal integration. Topics include: functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, sensory and motor systems, centrally programmed behavior, sensory systems, sleep and dreaming, motivation and reward, emotional displays of various types, "higher functions" and the neocortex, and neural processes in learning and memory. In order to improve writing skills in describing experiments and reviewing journal publications in neuroscience, students are required to complete four homework assignments and one literature review with revision. Technical RequirementsMedia player software, such as Quicktime Player, RealOne Player, or Windows Media Player, is required to run the .mp3 files found on this cou Relation of structure and function at various levels of neuronal integration. Topics include: functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, sensory and motor systems, centrally programmed behavior, sensory systems, sleep and dreaming, motivation and reward, emotional displays of various types, "higher functions" and the neocortex, and neural processes in learning and memory. In order to improve writing skills in describing experiments and reviewing journal publications in neuroscience, students are required to complete four homework assignments and one literature review with revision. Technical RequirementsMedia player software, such as Quicktime Player, RealOne Player, or Windows Media Player, is required to run the .mp3 files found on this cou

Subjects

functional neuroanatomy | functional neurophysiology | motor systems | centrally programmed behavior | sensory systems | sleep | dreaming | motivation | reward | emotional displays | higher functions" | neocortex | neural processes in learning and memory | functional neuroanatomy | functional neurophysiology | motor systems | centrally programmed behavior | sensory systems | sleep | dreaming | motivation | reward | emotional displays | higher functions" | neocortex | neural processes in learning and memory | functional neuroanatomy | functional neuroanatomy | functional neurophysiology | functional neurophysiology | motor systems | motor systems | centrally programmed behavior | centrally programmed behavior | sensory systems | sensory systems | sleep | sleep | dreaming | dreaming | motivation | motivation | reward | reward | emotional displays | emotional displays | higher functions | higher functions | neocortex | neocortex | neural processes in learning and memory | neural processes in learning and memory | Neurobehavior | Neurobehavior

License

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9.17 Systems Neuroscience Lab (MIT)

Description

Systems Neuroscience Laboratory consists of a series of laboratories designed to give students experience with basic techniques for conducting systems neuroscience research. It includes sessions on anatomical, neurophysiological, and data acquisition and analysis techniques, and the ways these techniques are used to study nervous system function. Training is provided in the art of scientific writing with feedback designed to improve writing skills. Assignments include weekly preparation for lab sessions, two major research reports and a series of basic computer programming tutorials (MATLAB®). The class involves the use of experimental animals. Enrollment is limited.

Subjects

laboratory | experiment | protocol | neuroscience | nerves | nervous system | electrophysiology | action potential | neurophysiology | rat barrel | MATLAB | frog | fly | vision | physiology | human | MRI | EEG | electroencephalography | ablation | computer modeling techniques | brain function | histology | neural tissue | surgery | laboratory notebook | scientific writing

License

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory. This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | simple cells | simple cells | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | tonotopy | tonotopy | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT) 9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

This course covers topics in mammalian learning and memory including cellular mechanisms of neural plasticity, electrophysiology, and behavior. In lectures and discussion of papers, emphasis is placed on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. This course covers topics in mammalian learning and memory including cellular mechanisms of neural plasticity, electrophysiology, and behavior. In lectures and discussion of papers, emphasis is placed on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function.

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural plasticity | neural plasticity | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | hippocampus | hippocampus | synapse | synapse | aplysia | aplysia | drosophlia | drosophlia | NMDA | NMDA | semantic memory | semantic memory | working memory | working memory | short-term memory | short-term memory | alzheimer's disease | alzheimer's disease

License

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24.119 Mind and Machines (MIT) 24.119 Mind and Machines (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in a branch of philosophy called philosophy of mind. Some of the questions we will discuss include the following. Can computers think? Is the mind an immaterial thing? Or is the mind the brain? Or does the mind stand to the brain as a computer program stands to the hardware? How can creatures like ourselves think thoughts that are "about" things? (For example, we can all think that Aristotle is a philosopher, and in that sense think "about" Aristotle, but what is the explanation of this quite remarkable ability?) Can I know whether your experiences and my experiences when we look at raspberries, fire trucks and stop lights are the same? Can consciousness be given a scientific explanation? This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in a branch of philosophy called philosophy of mind. Some of the questions we will discuss include the following. Can computers think? Is the mind an immaterial thing? Or is the mind the brain? Or does the mind stand to the brain as a computer program stands to the hardware? How can creatures like ourselves think thoughts that are "about" things? (For example, we can all think that Aristotle is a philosopher, and in that sense think "about" Aristotle, but what is the explanation of this quite remarkable ability?) Can I know whether your experiences and my experiences when we look at raspberries, fire trucks and stop lights are the same? Can consciousness be given a scientific explanation?

Subjects

artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | psychology | psychology | philosophy | philosophy | Turing Machines | Turing Machines | consciousness | consciousness | computer limitations | computer limitations | computation | computation | neurophysiology | neurophysiology | Turing test | Turing test | the analog/digital distinction | the analog/digital distinction | Chinese Room argument | Chinese Room argument | causal efficacy of content | causal efficacy of content | inverted spectrum | inverted spectrum | mental representation | mental representation | procedural semantics | procedural semantics | connectionism | connectionism

License

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6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT) 6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT)

Description

This course is jointly offered through four departments, available to both undergraduates and graduates. This course introduces the principles of mass transport and electrical signal generation for biological membranes, cells, and tissues. Topics covered include: mass transport through membranes (diffusion, osmosis, chemically mediated, and active transport), electric properties of cells (ion transport), equilibrium, resting, and action potentials, kinetic and molecular properties of single voltage-gated ion channels. Laboratory and computer exercises illustrate the course concepts. Students engage in extensive written and oral communication exercises. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files f This course is jointly offered through four departments, available to both undergraduates and graduates. This course introduces the principles of mass transport and electrical signal generation for biological membranes, cells, and tissues. Topics covered include: mass transport through membranes (diffusion, osmosis, chemically mediated, and active transport), electric properties of cells (ion transport), equilibrium, resting, and action potentials, kinetic and molecular properties of single voltage-gated ion channels. Laboratory and computer exercises illustrate the course concepts. Students engage in extensive written and oral communication exercises. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files f

Subjects

quantitative physiology | quantitative physiology | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | mass transport | mass transport | electrical signal generation | electrical signal generation | biological membranes | biological membranes | membranes | membranes | diffusion | diffusion | osmosis | osmosis | chemically mediated transport | chemically mediated transport | active transport | active transport | ion transport | ion transport | 6.021 | 6.021 | 2.791 | 2.791 | 2.794 | 2.794 | 6.521 | 6.521 | BE.370 | BE.370 | BE.470 | BE.470 | HST.541 | HST.541

License

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BE.450 Molecular and Cellular Pathophysiology (MIT) BE.450 Molecular and Cellular Pathophysiology (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the fundamentals of tissue and organ response to injury from a molecular and cellular perspective. There is a special emphasis on disease states that bridge infection, inflammation, immunity, and cancer. The systems approach to pathophysiology includes lectures, critical evaluation of recent scientific papers, and student projects and presentations.This term, we focus on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), chronic-active hepatitis, and hepatitis virus infections. In addition to lectures, students work in teams to critically evaluate and present primary scientific papers. This course focuses on the fundamentals of tissue and organ response to injury from a molecular and cellular perspective. There is a special emphasis on disease states that bridge infection, inflammation, immunity, and cancer. The systems approach to pathophysiology includes lectures, critical evaluation of recent scientific papers, and student projects and presentations.This term, we focus on hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), chronic-active hepatitis, and hepatitis virus infections. In addition to lectures, students work in teams to critically evaluate and present primary scientific papers.

Subjects

tissue | tissue | organ; injury | organ; injury | infection | infection | inflammation | inflammation | immunity | immunity | cancer | cancer | pathophysiology | pathophysiology | hepatocellular | hepatocellular | carcinoma | carcinoma | HCC | HCC | chronic-active | chronic-active | hepatitis | hepatitis | virus | virus | Robbins | Robbins | Cotran | Cotran | Pathologic | Pathologic | Disease | Disease | organ | organ | injury | injury

License

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HST.071 Human Reproductive Biology (MIT) HST.071 Human Reproductive Biology (MIT)

Description

Lectures, laboratory sessions, and clinical case discussions designed to provide the student with a clear understanding of the physiology, endocrinology, and pathology of human reproduction. Emphasis is on quantitative analytic techniques and the role of technology in reproductive science. The course also involves the student in the wider aspects of reproduction, such as prenatal diagnosis, in vitro fertilization, abortion, menopause, and contraception. Lectures, laboratory sessions, and clinical case discussions designed to provide the student with a clear understanding of the physiology, endocrinology, and pathology of human reproduction. Emphasis is on quantitative analytic techniques and the role of technology in reproductive science. The course also involves the student in the wider aspects of reproduction, such as prenatal diagnosis, in vitro fertilization, abortion, menopause, and contraception.

Subjects

clinical case | clinical case | physiology | physiology | endocrinology | endocrinology | pathology | pathology | human reproduction | human reproduction | quantitative analysis | quantitative analysis | reproductive technology | reproductive technology | reproduction | reproduction | prenatal diagnosis | prenatal diagnosis | in vitro fertilization | in vitro fertilization | abortion | abortion | menopause | menopause | contraception | contraception

License

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HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT) HST.151 Principles of Pharmacology (MIT)

Description

The objective of this course is to present a conceptual approach to the study of pharmacological agents. Emphasis is on the principles that determine drug actions and disposition. The course is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopeia nor to replace discussions of specific relevant drugs in the organ systems Health Sciences and Technology pathophysiology courses. The objective of this course is to present a conceptual approach to the study of pharmacological agents. Emphasis is on the principles that determine drug actions and disposition. The course is not intended to be a review of the pharmacopeia nor to replace discussions of specific relevant drugs in the organ systems Health Sciences and Technology pathophysiology courses.

Subjects

health care | health care | pharmacology | pharmacology | pharmacologic agents | pharmacologic agents | medical | medical | pre-clinical | pre-clinical | biophysics | biophysics | biochemistry | biochemistry | physiology related to drug action | physiology related to drug action | interaction | interaction | distribution | distribution | metabolism | metabolism | toxicity | toxicity

License

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24.119 Mind and Machines (MIT) 24.119 Mind and Machines (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in the philosophy of mind, with an emphasis on consciousness and the mind-body problem. This course is an introduction to many of the central issues in the philosophy of mind, with an emphasis on consciousness and the mind-body problem.

Subjects

artificial intelligence | artificial intelligence | psychology | psychology | philosophy | philosophy | turning machines | turning machines | consciousness | consciousness | computer limitations | computer limitations | computations | computations | neurophysiology | neurophysiology | Turing test | Turing test | the analog/digital distinction | the analog/digital distinction | Chinese Room argument | Chinese Room argument | causal efficacy of content | causal efficacy of content | inverted spectrum | inverted spectrum | mental representation | mental representation | procedural semantics | procedural semantics | connectionism | connectionism

License

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HST.121 Gastroenterology (MIT) HST.121 Gastroenterology (MIT)

Description

The most recent knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, biophysics, and bioengineering of the gastrointestinal tract and the associated pancreatic, liver and biliary tract systems is presented and discussed. Gross and microscopic pathology and the clinical aspects of important gastroenterological diseases are then presented, with emphasis on integrating the molecular, cellular and pathophysiological aspects of the disease processes to their related symptoms and signs. The most recent knowledge of the anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, biophysics, and bioengineering of the gastrointestinal tract and the associated pancreatic, liver and biliary tract systems is presented and discussed. Gross and microscopic pathology and the clinical aspects of important gastroenterological diseases are then presented, with emphasis on integrating the molecular, cellular and pathophysiological aspects of the disease processes to their related symptoms and signs.

Subjects

gastroenterology | gastroenterology | anatomy | anatomy | physiology | physiology | biochemistry | biochemistry | biophysics | biophysics | bioengineering | bioengineering | gastrointestinal tract | gastrointestinal tract | pancreas | pancreas | liver | liver | biliary tract system | biliary tract system | gross pathology | gross pathology | microscopic pathology | microscopic pathology | clinical diseases | clinical diseases | molecular | molecular | cellular | cellular | pathophysiological processes | pathophysiological processes | symptoms | symptoms | medical | medical | health | health

License

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9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT) 9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

Topics in mammalian learning and memory including cellular mechanisms of neural plasticity, electrophysiology, and behavior. Emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Lectures and discussion of papers. An additional project is required for graduate credit. This course is offered alternate years. Topics in mammalian learning and memory including cellular mechanisms of neural plasticity, electrophysiology, and behavior. Emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Lectures and discussion of papers. An additional project is required for graduate credit. This course is offered alternate years.

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural plasticity | neural plasticity | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | hippocampus | hippocampus

License

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9.01 Neuroscience and Behavior (MIT) 9.01 Neuroscience and Behavior (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course covers the relation of structure and function at various levels of neuronal integration. Topics include functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, sensory and motor systems, centrally programmed behavior, sensory systems, sleep and dreaming, motivation and reward, emotional displays of various types, "higher functions" and the neocortex, and neural processes in learning and memory. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course covers the relation of structure and function at various levels of neuronal integration. Topics include functional neuroanatomy and neurophysiology, sensory and motor systems, centrally programmed behavior, sensory systems, sleep and dreaming, motivation and reward, emotional displays of various types, "higher functions" and the neocortex, and neural processes in learning and memory.

Subjects

functional neuroanatomy | functional neuroanatomy | functional neurophysiology | functional neurophysiology | motor systems | motor systems | centrally programmed behavior | centrally programmed behavior | sensory systems | sensory systems | sleep | sleep | dreaming | dreaming | motivation | motivation | reward | reward | emotional displays | emotional displays | higher functions | higher functions | neocortex | neocortex | neural processes in learning and memory | neural processes in learning and memory

License

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6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT) 6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT)

Description

In this subject, we consider two basic topics in cellular biophysics, posed here as questions: Which molecules are transported across cellular membranes, and what are the mechanisms of transport? How do cells maintain their compositions, volume, and membrane potential? How are potentials generated across the membranes of cells? What do these potentials do? Although the questions posed are fundamentally biological questions, the methods for answering these questions are inherently multidisciplinary. As we will see throughout the course, the role of mathematical models is to express concepts precisely enough that precise conclusions can be drawn. In connection with all the topics covered, we will consider both theory and experiment. For the student, the educational value of examining the i In this subject, we consider two basic topics in cellular biophysics, posed here as questions: Which molecules are transported across cellular membranes, and what are the mechanisms of transport? How do cells maintain their compositions, volume, and membrane potential? How are potentials generated across the membranes of cells? What do these potentials do? Although the questions posed are fundamentally biological questions, the methods for answering these questions are inherently multidisciplinary. As we will see throughout the course, the role of mathematical models is to express concepts precisely enough that precise conclusions can be drawn. In connection with all the topics covered, we will consider both theory and experiment. For the student, the educational value of examining the i

Subjects

quantitative physiology | quantitative physiology | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | mass transport | mass transport | electrical signal generation | electrical signal generation | biological membranes | biological membranes | membranes | membranes | diffusion | diffusion | osmosis | osmosis | chemically mediated transport | chemically mediated transport | active transport | active transport | ion transport | ion transport | equilibrium potential | equilibrium potential | resting potential | resting potential | action potential | action potential | voltage-gated ion channels | voltage-gated ion channels | 6.021 | 6.021 | 2.791 | 2.791 | 2.794 | 2.794 | 6.521 | 6.521 | 20.370 | 20.370 | 20.470 | 20.470 | HST.541 | HST.541

License

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6.551J Acoustics of Speech and Hearing (MIT) 6.551J Acoustics of Speech and Hearing (MIT)

Description

The Acoustics of Speech and Hearing is an H-Level graduate course that reviews the physical processes involved in the production, propagation and reception of human speech. Particular attention is paid to how the acoustics and mechanics of the speech and auditory system define what sounds we are capable of producing and what sounds we can sense. Areas of discussion include: the acoustic cues used in determining the direction of a sound source, the acoustic and mechanical mechanisms involved in speech production and the acoustic and mechanical mechanism used to transduce and analyze sounds in the ear. The Acoustics of Speech and Hearing is an H-Level graduate course that reviews the physical processes involved in the production, propagation and reception of human speech. Particular attention is paid to how the acoustics and mechanics of the speech and auditory system define what sounds we are capable of producing and what sounds we can sense. Areas of discussion include: the acoustic cues used in determining the direction of a sound source, the acoustic and mechanical mechanisms involved in speech production and the acoustic and mechanical mechanism used to transduce and analyze sounds in the ear.

Subjects

HST.714 | HST.714 | sound | sound | speech communication | speech communication | human anatomy | human anatomy | speech production | speech production | sound production | sound production | airflow | airflow | filtering | filtering | vocal tract | vocal tract | auditory physiology | auditory physiology | acoustical waves | acoustical waves | mechanical vibrations | mechanical vibrations | cochlear structures | cochlear structures | sound perception | sound perception | spatial hearing | spatial hearing | masking | masking | auditory frequency selectivity | auditory frequency selectivity | physical processes | physical processes | sound propagation | sound propagation | human speech | human speech | acoustics | acoustics | speech mechanics | speech mechanics | auditory system | auditory system | sound direction | sound direction | ear | ear | 6.551 | 6.551

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7.349 From Molecules to Behavior: Synaptic Neurophysiology (MIT) 7.349 From Molecules to Behavior: Synaptic Neurophysiology (MIT)

Description

Like transistors in a computer, synapses perform complex computations and connect the brain's non-linear processing elements (neurons) into a functional circuit. Understanding the role of synapses in neuronal computation is essential to understanding how the brain works. In this course students will be introduced to cutting-edge research in the field of synaptic neurophysiology. The course will cover such topics as synapse formation, synaptic function, synaptic plasticity, the roles of synapses in higher cognitive processes and how synaptic dysfunction can lead to disease. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn ab Like transistors in a computer, synapses perform complex computations and connect the brain's non-linear processing elements (neurons) into a functional circuit. Understanding the role of synapses in neuronal computation is essential to understanding how the brain works. In this course students will be introduced to cutting-edge research in the field of synaptic neurophysiology. The course will cover such topics as synapse formation, synaptic function, synaptic plasticity, the roles of synapses in higher cognitive processes and how synaptic dysfunction can lead to disease. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn ab

Subjects

synaptic neurophysiology | synaptic neurophysiology | neuron | neuron | synaptic fusion | synaptic fusion | synaptic release | synaptic release | synaptic plasticity | synaptic plasticity | neuronal circuits | neuronal circuits

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7.343 Sophisticated Survival Skills of Simple Microorganisms (MIT) 7.343 Sophisticated Survival Skills of Simple Microorganisms (MIT)

Description

In this course, we will discuss the microbial physiology and genetics of stress responses in aquatic ecosystems, astrobiology, bacterial pathogenesis and other environments. We will learn about classical and novel methods utilized by researchers to uncover bacterial mechanisms induced under both general and environment-specific stresses. Finally, we will compare and contrast models for bacterial stress responses to gain an understanding of distinct mechanisms of survival and of why there are differences among bacterial genera. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly In this course, we will discuss the microbial physiology and genetics of stress responses in aquatic ecosystems, astrobiology, bacterial pathogenesis and other environments. We will learn about classical and novel methods utilized by researchers to uncover bacterial mechanisms induced under both general and environment-specific stresses. Finally, we will compare and contrast models for bacterial stress responses to gain an understanding of distinct mechanisms of survival and of why there are differences among bacterial genera. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly

Subjects

microbial physiology | microbial physiology | genetics | genetics | stress | stress | astrobiology | astrobiology | pathogenesis | pathogenesis | Escherichia coli | Escherichia coli | cyanobacteria | cyanobacteria | bleaching | bleaching | deprivation | deprivation | chlorosis | chlorosis | pollutants | pollutants | methylobacteria | methylobacteria | pathogen | pathogen | reactive oxygen species | reactive oxygen species | infection | infection | superoxides | superoxides | phage | phage | Deinococcus | Deinococcus | Raman spectroscopy | Raman spectroscopy

License

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9.914 Special Topics: Genetics, Neurobiology, and Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders (MIT) 9.914 Special Topics: Genetics, Neurobiology, and Pathophysiology of Psychiatric Disorders (MIT)

Description

An opportunity for graduate study of advanced subjects in Brain and Cognitive Sciences not included in other subject listings. The key topics covered in this course are Bipolar Disorder, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Genetics of Psychiatric Disorder, DISC1, Ca++ Signaling, Neurogenesis and Depression, Lithium and GSK3 Hypothesis, Behavioral Assays, CREB in Addiction and Depressive Behaviors, The GABA System-I, The GABA System-II, The Glutamate Hypothesis of Schizophrenia, The Dopamine Pathway and DARPP32. An opportunity for graduate study of advanced subjects in Brain and Cognitive Sciences not included in other subject listings. The key topics covered in this course are Bipolar Disorder, Psychosis, Schizophrenia, Genetics of Psychiatric Disorder, DISC1, Ca++ Signaling, Neurogenesis and Depression, Lithium and GSK3 Hypothesis, Behavioral Assays, CREB in Addiction and Depressive Behaviors, The GABA System-I, The GABA System-II, The Glutamate Hypothesis of Schizophrenia, The Dopamine Pathway and DARPP32.

Subjects

Brain and Cognitive Sciences | Brain and Cognitive Sciences | Bipolar Disorder | Bipolar Disorder | Psychosis | Psychosis | Schizophrenia | Schizophrenia | Genetics of Psychiatric Disorder | Genetics of Psychiatric Disorder | DISC1 | DISC1 | Ca++ Signaling | Ca++ Signaling | Depression | Depression | Lithium and GSK3 Hypothesis | Lithium and GSK3 Hypothesis | Behavioral Assays | Behavioral Assays | Depressive Behaviors | Depressive Behaviors | The GABA System-I | The GABA System-I | The GABA System-II | The GABA System-II | The Glutamate Hypothesis of Schizophrenia | The Glutamate Hypothesis of Schizophrenia | DARPP32 | DARPP32 | Genetics | Genetics | Neurobiology | Neurobiology | Pathophysiology | Pathophysiology | Psychiatry | Psychiatry

License

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain. This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT) 9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

This course highlights the interplay between cellular and molecular storage mechanisms and the cognitive neuroscience of memory, with an emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Class sessions include lectures and discussion of papers. This course highlights the interplay between cellular and molecular storage mechanisms and the cognitive neuroscience of memory, with an emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Class sessions include lectures and discussion of papers.

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural plasticity | neural plasticity | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | hippocampus | hippocampus | synapse | synapse | aplysia | aplysia | drosophlia | drosophlia | NMDA | NMDA | semantic memory | semantic memory | working memory | working memory | short-term memory | short-term memory | alzheimer's disease | alzheimer's disease | skill learning | skill learning | mirror neurons | mirror neurons | short-term | short-term | long-term | long-term

License

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9.459 Scene Understanding Symposium (MIT) 9.459 Scene Understanding Symposium (MIT)

Description

What are the circuits, mechanisms and representations that permit the recognition of a visual scene from just one glance? In this one-day seminar on Scene Understanding, speakers from a variety of disciplines - neurophysiology, cognitive neuroscience, visual cognition, computational neuroscience and computer vision - will address a range of topics related to scene recognition, including natural image categorization, contextual effects on object recognition, and the role of attention in scene understanding and visual art. The goal is to encourage exchanges between researchers of all fields of brain sciences in the burgeoning field of scene understanding. What are the circuits, mechanisms and representations that permit the recognition of a visual scene from just one glance? In this one-day seminar on Scene Understanding, speakers from a variety of disciplines - neurophysiology, cognitive neuroscience, visual cognition, computational neuroscience and computer vision - will address a range of topics related to scene recognition, including natural image categorization, contextual effects on object recognition, and the role of attention in scene understanding and visual art. The goal is to encourage exchanges between researchers of all fields of brain sciences in the burgeoning field of scene understanding.

Subjects

circuits | mechanisms and representation | circuits | mechanisms and representation | recognition of a visual scene | recognition of a visual scene | Scene Understanding | Scene Understanding | neurophysiology | neurophysiology | cognitive neuroscience | cognitive neuroscience | visual cognition | visual cognition | computational neuroscience | computational neuroscience | computer vision | computer vision | natural image categorization | natural image categorization | contextual effects on object recognition | contextual effects on object recognition | role of attention in scene understanding | role of attention in scene understanding

License

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9.916 The Neural Basis of Visual Object Recognition in Monkeys and Humans (MIT) 9.916 The Neural Basis of Visual Object Recognition in Monkeys and Humans (MIT)

Description

Understanding the brain's remarkable ability for visual object recognition is one of the greatest challenges of brain research. The goal of this course is to provide an overview of key issues of object representation and to survey data from primate physiology and human fMRI that bear on those issues. Topics include the computational problems of object representation, the nature of object representations in the brain, the tolerance and selectivity of those representations, and the effects of attention and learning. Understanding the brain's remarkable ability for visual object recognition is one of the greatest challenges of brain research. The goal of this course is to provide an overview of key issues of object representation and to survey data from primate physiology and human fMRI that bear on those issues. Topics include the computational problems of object representation, the nature of object representations in the brain, the tolerance and selectivity of those representations, and the effects of attention and learning.

Subjects

vision | vision | object recognition | object recognition | monkey versus human | monkey versus human | object representations | object representations | fMRI | fMRI | temporal lobe | temporal lobe | visual cortex | visual cortex | neuronal representations | neuronal representations | neurophysiology | neurophysiology | retinal image | retinal image | pattern recognition | pattern recognition | perceptual awareness | perceptual awareness

License

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