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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT) 1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

This subject introduces transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems. Underlying principles governing transportation planning, investment, operations, and maintenance. System performance and level-of-service metrics and the determinants of transportation travel demand. Design of transportation services and facilities for various modes and intermodal operations. This subject introduces transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems. Underlying principles governing transportation planning, investment, operations, and maintenance. System performance and level-of-service metrics and the determinants of transportation travel demand. Design of transportation services and facilities for various modes and intermodal operations.

Subjects

transportation systems | transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | transportation maintenance | system performance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 1.221 | 11.527 | 11.527 | ESD.201 | ESD.201

License

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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT) 1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

Approaching transportation as a complex, large-scale, integrated, open system (CLIOS), this course strives to be an interdisciplinary systems subject in the "open" sense. It introduces qualitative modeling ideas and various techniques and philosophies of modeling complex transportation enterprises. It also introduces conceptual frameworks for qualitative analysis, such as frameworks for regional strategic planning, institutional change analysis, and new technology development and deployment. And it covers transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems are covered, along with underlying principles governin Approaching transportation as a complex, large-scale, integrated, open system (CLIOS), this course strives to be an interdisciplinary systems subject in the "open" sense. It introduces qualitative modeling ideas and various techniques and philosophies of modeling complex transportation enterprises. It also introduces conceptual frameworks for qualitative analysis, such as frameworks for regional strategic planning, institutional change analysis, and new technology development and deployment. And it covers transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems are covered, along with underlying principles governin

Subjects

transportation systems | transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | transportation maintenance | system performance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 1.221 | 11.527 | 11.527 | ESD.201 | ESD.201 | 11.527J11.527 | 11.527J11.527

License

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6.856J Randomized Algorithms (MIT) 6.856J Randomized Algorithms (MIT)

Description

This course examines how randomization can be used to make algorithms simpler and more efficient via random sampling, random selection of witnesses, symmetry breaking, and Markov chains. Topics covered include: randomized computation; data structures (hash tables, skip lists); graph algorithms (minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, minimum cuts); geometric algorithms (convex hulls, linear programming in fixed or arbitrary dimension); approximate counting; parallel algorithms; online algorithms; derandomization techniques; and tools for probabilistic analysis of algorithms. This course examines how randomization can be used to make algorithms simpler and more efficient via random sampling, random selection of witnesses, symmetry breaking, and Markov chains. Topics covered include: randomized computation; data structures (hash tables, skip lists); graph algorithms (minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, minimum cuts); geometric algorithms (convex hulls, linear programming in fixed or arbitrary dimension); approximate counting; parallel algorithms; online algorithms; derandomization techniques; and tools for probabilistic analysis of algorithms.

Subjects

Randomized Algorithms | Randomized Algorithms | algorithms | algorithms | efficient in time and space | efficient in time and space | randomization | randomization | computational problems | computational problems | data structures | data structures | graph algorithms | graph algorithms | optimization | optimization | geometry | geometry | Markov chains | Markov chains | sampling | sampling | estimation | estimation | geometric algorithms | geometric algorithms | parallel and distributed algorithms | parallel and distributed algorithms | parallel and ditributed algorithm | parallel and ditributed algorithm | parallel and distributed algorithm | parallel and distributed algorithm | random sampling | random sampling | random selection of witnesses | random selection of witnesses | symmetry breaking | symmetry breaking | randomized computational models | randomized computational models | hash tables | hash tables | skip lists | skip lists | minimum spanning trees | minimum spanning trees | shortest paths | shortest paths | minimum cuts | minimum cuts | convex hulls | convex hulls | linear programming | linear programming | fixed dimension | fixed dimension | arbitrary dimension | arbitrary dimension | approximate counting | approximate counting | parallel algorithms | parallel algorithms | online algorithms | online algorithms | derandomization techniques | derandomization techniques | probabilistic analysis | probabilistic analysis | computational number theory | computational number theory | simplicity | simplicity | speed | speed | design | design | basic probability theory | basic probability theory | application | application | randomized complexity classes | randomized complexity classes | game-theoretic techniques | game-theoretic techniques | Chebyshev | Chebyshev | moment inequalities | moment inequalities | limited independence | limited independence | coupon collection | coupon collection | occupancy problems | occupancy problems | tail inequalities | tail inequalities | Chernoff bound | Chernoff bound | conditional expectation | conditional expectation | probabilistic method | probabilistic method | random walks | random walks | algebraic techniques | algebraic techniques | probability amplification | probability amplification | sorting | sorting | searching | searching | combinatorial optimization | combinatorial optimization | approximation | approximation | counting problems | counting problems | distributed algorithms | distributed algorithms | 6.856 | 6.856 | 18.416 | 18.416

License

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6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT) 6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT)

Description

This course is jointly offered through four departments, available to both undergraduates and graduates. This course introduces the principles of mass transport and electrical signal generation for biological membranes, cells, and tissues. Topics covered include: mass transport through membranes (diffusion, osmosis, chemically mediated, and active transport), electric properties of cells (ion transport), equilibrium, resting, and action potentials, kinetic and molecular properties of single voltage-gated ion channels. Laboratory and computer exercises illustrate the course concepts. Students engage in extensive written and oral communication exercises. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files f This course is jointly offered through four departments, available to both undergraduates and graduates. This course introduces the principles of mass transport and electrical signal generation for biological membranes, cells, and tissues. Topics covered include: mass transport through membranes (diffusion, osmosis, chemically mediated, and active transport), electric properties of cells (ion transport), equilibrium, resting, and action potentials, kinetic and molecular properties of single voltage-gated ion channels. Laboratory and computer exercises illustrate the course concepts. Students engage in extensive written and oral communication exercises. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files f

Subjects

quantitative physiology | quantitative physiology | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | mass transport | mass transport | electrical signal generation | electrical signal generation | biological membranes | biological membranes | membranes | membranes | diffusion | diffusion | osmosis | osmosis | chemically mediated transport | chemically mediated transport | active transport | active transport | ion transport | ion transport | 6.021 | 6.021 | 2.791 | 2.791 | 2.794 | 2.794 | 6.521 | 6.521 | BE.370 | BE.370 | BE.470 | BE.470 | HST.541 | HST.541

License

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1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT) 1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT)

Description

This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization. This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization.

Subjects

public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems | public transportation systems | pollution | pollution | infrastructure | infrastructure | government regulation | government regulation | public policy | public policy | strategic planning management | strategic planning management | labor relations | labor relations | maintenance planning | maintenance planning | administration | administration | financing | financing | marketing policy | marketing policy | fare policy | fare policy | management information | management information | decision support systems | decision support systems | transit industry | transit industry | service provision | service provision | private sector | private sector | alternative models of decision-making | alternative models of decision-making | strategic planning | strategic planning | stakeholder valuation and analysis | stakeholder valuation and analysis | government-based regulation and cooperation | government-based regulation and cooperation | transportation enterprise | transportation enterprise | disaster communications | disaster communications | systems safety | systems safety | change management | change management | and the impact of globalization | and the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | 1.223 | 1.223 | ESD.203 | ESD.203

License

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6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT) 6.021J Quantitative Physiology: Cells and Tissues (MIT)

Description

In this subject, we consider two basic topics in cellular biophysics, posed here as questions: Which molecules are transported across cellular membranes, and what are the mechanisms of transport? How do cells maintain their compositions, volume, and membrane potential? How are potentials generated across the membranes of cells? What do these potentials do? Although the questions posed are fundamentally biological questions, the methods for answering these questions are inherently multidisciplinary. As we will see throughout the course, the role of mathematical models is to express concepts precisely enough that precise conclusions can be drawn. In connection with all the topics covered, we will consider both theory and experiment. For the student, the educational value of examining the i In this subject, we consider two basic topics in cellular biophysics, posed here as questions: Which molecules are transported across cellular membranes, and what are the mechanisms of transport? How do cells maintain their compositions, volume, and membrane potential? How are potentials generated across the membranes of cells? What do these potentials do? Although the questions posed are fundamentally biological questions, the methods for answering these questions are inherently multidisciplinary. As we will see throughout the course, the role of mathematical models is to express concepts precisely enough that precise conclusions can be drawn. In connection with all the topics covered, we will consider both theory and experiment. For the student, the educational value of examining the i

Subjects

quantitative physiology | quantitative physiology | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | mass transport | mass transport | electrical signal generation | electrical signal generation | biological membranes | biological membranes | membranes | membranes | diffusion | diffusion | osmosis | osmosis | chemically mediated transport | chemically mediated transport | active transport | active transport | ion transport | ion transport | equilibrium potential | equilibrium potential | resting potential | resting potential | action potential | action potential | voltage-gated ion channels | voltage-gated ion channels | 6.021 | 6.021 | 2.791 | 2.791 | 2.794 | 2.794 | 6.521 | 6.521 | 20.370 | 20.370 | 20.470 | 20.470 | HST.541 | HST.541

License

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6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT) 6.772 Compound Semiconductor Devices (MIT)

Description

This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices. This course outlines the physics, modeling, application, and technology of compound semiconductors (primarily III-Vs) in electronic, optoelectronic, and photonic devices and integrated circuits. Topics include: properties, preparation, and processing of compound semiconductors; theory and practice of heterojunctions, quantum structures, and pseudomorphic strained layers; metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs); heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) and bipolar transistors (HBTs); photodiodes, vertical-and in-plane-cavity laser diodes, and other optoelectronic devices.

Subjects

physics | physics | modeling | modeling | application | application | technology of compound semiconductors | technology of compound semiconductors | electronic | electronic | optoelectronic | optoelectronic | photonic devices | photonic devices | integrated circuits | integrated circuits | properties | properties | heterojunctions | heterojunctions | quantum structures | quantum structures | pseudomorphic strained layers | pseudomorphic strained layers | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors (MESFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | heterojunction field effect transistors (HFETs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | bipolar transistors (HBTs) | photodiodes | photodiodes | laser diodes | laser diodes | optoelectronic devices | optoelectronic devices | applications | applications | compound semiconductors | compound semiconductors | electronic devices | electronic devices | compound semiconductor processing | compound semiconductor processing | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | metal-semiconductor field effect transistors | MESFET | MESFET | heterojunction field effect transistors | heterojunction field effect transistors | HFET | HFET | bipolar transistors | bipolar transistors | HBT | HBT | vertical-cavity laser diodes | vertical-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes | in-plane-cavity laser diodes

License

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16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT) 16.13 Aerodynamics of Viscous Fluids (MIT)

Description

The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included. The major focus of 16.13 is on boundary layers, and boundary layer theory subject to various flow assumptions, such as compressibility, turbulence, dimensionality, and heat transfer. Parameters influencing aerodynamic flows and transition and influence of boundary layers on outer potential flow are presented, along with associated stall and drag mechanisms. Numerical solution techniques and exercises are included.

Subjects

aerodynamics | aerodynamics | viscous fluids | viscous fluids | viscosity | viscosity | fundamental theorem of kinematics | fundamental theorem of kinematics | convection | convection | vorticity | vorticity | strain | strain | Eulerian description | Eulerian description | Lagrangian description | Lagrangian description | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | continuity | continuity | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | stress tensor | stress tensor | newtonian fluid | newtonian fluid | circulation | circulation | Navier-Stokes | Navier-Stokes | similarity | similarity | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | thin shear later approximation | thin shear later approximation | TSL coordinates | TSL coordinates | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | shear later categories | shear later categories | local scaling | local scaling | Falkner-Skan flows | Falkner-Skan flows | solution techniques | solution techniques | finite difference methods | finite difference methods | Newton-Raphson | Newton-Raphson | integral momentum equation | integral momentum equation | Thwaites method | Thwaites method | integral kinetic energy equation | integral kinetic energy equation | dissipation | dissipation | asymptotic perturbation | asymptotic perturbation | displacement body | displacement body | transpiration | transpiration | form drag | form drag | stall | stall | interacting boundary layer theory | interacting boundary layer theory | stability | stability | transition | transition | small-perturbation | small-perturbation | Orr-Somemerfeld | Orr-Somemerfeld | temporal amplification | temporal amplification | spatial amplification | spatial amplification | Reynolds | Reynolds | Prandtl | Prandtl | turbulent boundary layer | turbulent boundary layer | wake | wake | wall layers | wall layers | inner variables | inner variables | outer variables | outer variables | roughness | roughness | Clauser | Clauser | Dissipation formula | Dissipation formula | integral closer | integral closer | turbulence modeling | turbulence modeling | transport models | transport models | turbulent shear layers | turbulent shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressible then shear layers | compressibility | compressibility | temperature profile | temperature profile | heat flux | heat flux | 3D boundary layers | 3D boundary layers | crossflow | crossflow | lateral dilation | lateral dilation | 3D separation | 3D separation | constant-crossflow | constant-crossflow | 3D transition | 3D transition | compressible thin shear layers | compressible thin shear layers

License

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1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT) 1.223J Transportation Policy, Strategy, and Management (MIT)

Description

This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization. This class surveys the current concepts, theories, and issues in strategic management of transportation organizations. It provides transportation logistics and engineering systems students with an overview of the operating context, leadership challenges, strategies, and management tools that are used in today's public and private transportation organizations. The following concepts, tools, and issues are presented in both public and private sector cases: alternative models of decision-making, strategic planning (e.g., use of SWOT analysis and scenario development), stakeholder valuation and analysis, government-based regulation and cooperation within the transportation enterprise, disaster communications, systems safety, change management, and the impact of globalization.

Subjects

public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems; pollution; infrastructure; government regulation; public policy; strategic planning management; labor relations; maintenance planning; administration; financing; marketing policy; fare policy; management information; decision support systems; transit industry; service provision; private sector; alternative models of decision-making; strategic planning; stakeholder valuation and analysis; government-based regulation and cooperation; transportation enterprise; disaster communications; systems safety; change management; and the impact of globalization; | public transportation systems | public transportation systems | pollution | pollution | infrastructure | infrastructure | government regulation | government regulation | public policy | public policy | strategic planning management | strategic planning management | labor relations | labor relations | maintenance planning | maintenance planning | administration | administration | financing | financing | marketing policy | marketing policy | fare policy | fare policy | management information | management information | decision support systems | decision support systems | transit industry | transit industry | service provision | service provision | private sector | private sector | alternative models of decision-making | alternative models of decision-making | strategic planning | strategic planning | stakeholder valuation and analysis | stakeholder valuation and analysis | government-based regulation and cooperation | government-based regulation and cooperation | transportation enterprise | transportation enterprise | disaster communications | disaster communications | systems safety | systems safety | change management | change management | and the impact of globalization | and the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | the impact of globalization | 1.223 | 1.223 | ESD.203 | ESD.203

License

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6.301 Solid-State Circuits (MIT) 6.301 Solid-State Circuits (MIT)

Description

This course covers analog circuit analysis and design, focusing on the tools and methods necessary for the creative design of useful circuits using active devices. The class stresses insight and intuition, applied to the design of transistor circuits and the estimation of their performance. The course concentrates on circuits using the bipolar junction transistor, but the techniques that are studied can be equally applied to circuits using JFETs, MOSFETs, MESFETs, future exotic devices, or even vacuum tubes. This course covers analog circuit analysis and design, focusing on the tools and methods necessary for the creative design of useful circuits using active devices. The class stresses insight and intuition, applied to the design of transistor circuits and the estimation of their performance. The course concentrates on circuits using the bipolar junction transistor, but the techniques that are studied can be equally applied to circuits using JFETs, MOSFETs, MESFETs, future exotic devices, or even vacuum tubes.

Subjects

solid state circuits | solid state circuits | analog | analog | circuit | circuit | transistor | transistor | bipolar junction transistor | bipolar junction transistor | JFET | JFET | MOSFET | MOSFET | MESFET | MESFET | vacuum tubes | vacuum tubes | single-transistor common-emitter amplifier | single-transistor common-emitter amplifier | op amps | op amps | multipliers | multipliers | references | references | high speed logic | high speed logic | high-frequency analysis | high-frequency analysis | open-circuit time constants | open-circuit time constants | transimpedance amps | transimpedance amps | translinear circuits | translinear circuits | bandgap references | bandgap references | charge control model | charge control model

License

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1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT) 1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT)

Description

This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport.

Subjects

river systems | river systems | lake systems | lake systems | scalar transport in environmental flows | scalar transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | stratification in lakes | stratification in lakes | buoyancy-driven flows | buoyancy-driven flows | settling and coagulation | settling and coagulation | air-water exchange | air-water exchange | bed-water exchange | bed-water exchange | phase partitioning | phase partitioning | dissolution | dissolution | boundary layers | boundary layers | molecular diffusion | molecular diffusion | turbulent diffusion | turbulent diffusion | water transportation | water transportation | advection | advection | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | derivation | derivation | Diffusion | Diffusion | dispersion | dispersion | environmental flows | environmental flows | instantaneous point source | instantaneous point source | lakes | lakes | mass | mass | transport | transport | particle transport | particle transport | rivers | rivers | scaling | scaling | turbulence | turbulence | water flow | water flow

License

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9.15 Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission (MIT) 9.15 Biochemistry and Pharmacology of Synaptic Transmission (MIT)

Description

This course considers the process of neurotransmission, especially chemicals used in the brain and elsewhere to carry signals from nerve terminals to the structures they innervate. The class focuses on monoamine transmitters (acetylcholine; serotonin; dopamine and norepinephrine); it also examines amino acid and peptide transmitters and neuromodulators like adenosine. Macromolecules that mediate neurotransmitter synthesis, release, inactivation, and receptor-mediated actions are discussed, as well as factors that regulate their activity and the second-messenger systems they control. This course considers the process of neurotransmission, especially chemicals used in the brain and elsewhere to carry signals from nerve terminals to the structures they innervate. The class focuses on monoamine transmitters (acetylcholine; serotonin; dopamine and norepinephrine); it also examines amino acid and peptide transmitters and neuromodulators like adenosine. Macromolecules that mediate neurotransmitter synthesis, release, inactivation, and receptor-mediated actions are discussed, as well as factors that regulate their activity and the second-messenger systems they control.

Subjects

neurotransmission | neurotransmission | nerve terminals | nerve terminals | monoamine transmitters | monoamine transmitters | acetylcholine | acetylcholine | serotonin | serotonin | dopamine | dopamine | norepinephrine | norepinephrine | amino acid and peptide transmitters | amino acid and peptide transmitters | neuromodulators | neuromodulators | adenosine | adenosine | neurotransmitter synthesis | neurotransmitter synthesis | release | release | inactivation | inactivation | receptor-mediated | receptor-mediated | second-messenger | second-messenger | neurotransmitter | neurotransmitter | antidepressant | antidepressant | brain lipid | brain lipid | blood brain barrier | blood brain barrier | parkinson's disease | parkinson's disease | seratonin | seratonin | depression | depression | glutamate | glutamate | aspartate | aspartate | NDMA | NDMA | drug | drug | drug discovery | drug discovery | pharmaceutical | pharmaceutical | signaling pathway | signaling pathway | receptor | receptor | spinal cord | spinal cord | marijuana | marijuana | adensosine | adensosine | histamine | histamine

License

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1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT) 1.061 Transport Processes in the Environment (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport. Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. This class serves as an introduction to mass transport in environmental flows, with emphasis given to river and lake systems. The class will cover the derivation and solutions to the differential form of mass conservation equations. Class topics to be covered will include: molecular and turbulent diffusion, boundary layers, dissolution, bed-water exchange, air-water exchange and particle transport.

Subjects

river systems | river systems | lake systems | lake systems | scalar transport in environmental flows | scalar transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | momentum transport in environmental flows | stratification in lakes | stratification in lakes | buoyancy-driven flows | buoyancy-driven flows | settling and coagulation | settling and coagulation | air-water exchange | air-water exchange | bed-water exchange | bed-water exchange | phase partitioning | phase partitioning | dissolution | dissolution | boundary layers | boundary layers | molecular diffusion | molecular diffusion | turbulent diffusion | turbulent diffusion | water transportation | water transportation | advection | advection | aquatic systems | aquatic systems | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | derivation | derivation | Diffusion | Diffusion | dispersion | dispersion | environmental flows | environmental flows | instantaneous point source | instantaneous point source | lakes | lakes | mass | mass | transport | transport | particle transport | particle transport | rivers | rivers | scaling | scaling | turbulence | turbulence | water flow | water flow

License

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1.224J Carrier Systems (MIT) 1.224J Carrier Systems (MIT)

Description

Carrier systems involve the design, operation and management of transportation networks, assets, personnel, freight and passengers. In this course, we will present models and tools for analyzing, optimizing, planning, managing and controlling carrier systems. Carrier systems involve the design, operation and management of transportation networks, assets, personnel, freight and passengers. In this course, we will present models and tools for analyzing, optimizing, planning, managing and controlling carrier systems.

Subjects

carrier systems | carrier systems | design | design | operation | operation | management | management | personnel | personnel | freight and passengers | freight and passengers | models and tools for analyzing | models and tools for analyzing | optimization | optimization | planning | planning | managing and controlling | managing and controlling | transportation networks | transportation networks | assets | assets | freight | freight | passengers | passengers | models | models | tools | tools | analyzing | analyzing | optimizing | optimizing | managing | managing | controlling | controlling | linear programming | linear programming | software | software | integer programming | integer programming | direct transportation | direct transportation | procurement | procurement | transit vehicle scheduling | transit vehicle scheduling | transit crew scheduling | transit crew scheduling | airline routing | airline routing | real-time operations control | real-time operations control | freight transportation | freight transportation | analysis | analysis | plans | plans | control | control | designing | designing | 1.224 | 1.224 | ESD.204 | ESD.204

License

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8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT) 8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT)

Description

In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group. In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group.

Subjects

condensed matter systems | condensed matter systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | disorder and quantum transport | disorder and quantum transport | magnetic impurities | magnetic impurities | the Kondo problem | the Kondo problem | quantum spin systems | quantum spin systems | the Hubbard model | the Hubbard model | high temperature superconductors | high temperature superconductors | Bose Condensates | Bose Condensates | Quasiparticles | Quasiparticles | Collective Modes | Collective Modes | Superfluidity | Superfluidity | Vortices | Vortices | Fermi Gases | Fermi Gases | Fermi Liquids | Fermi Liquids | Collective Excitations | Collective Excitations | Cooper Pairing | Cooper Pairing | BCS Theory | BCS Theory | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Superconductivity | Superconductivity | Atom Interacting | Atom Interacting | Optical Fields | Optical Fields | Lamb Shift | Lamb Shift | Casimir Effect | Casimir Effect | Dicke Superradiance | Dicke Superradiance | Quantum Transport | Quantum Transport | Wave Scattering | Wave Scattering | Disordered Media | Disordered Media | Localization | Localization | Tunneling | Tunneling | Instantons | Instantons | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Coupling | Coupling | Thermal Bath | Thermal Bath | Spin-boson Model | Spin-boson Model | Kondo Effect | Kondo Effect | Spin Dynamics | Spin Dynamics | Gases Transport | Gases Transport | Solids Transport | Solids Transport | Cold Atoms | Cold Atoms | Optical Lattices | Optical Lattices | Quantum Theory | Quantum Theory | Photodetection | Photodetection | Electric Noise | Electric Noise

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT) 12.581 Phase Transitions in the Earth's Interior (MIT)

Description

This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials. This course discusses phase transitions in Earth's interior. Phase transitions in Earth materials at high pressures and temperatures cause the seismic discontinuities and affect the convections in the Earth's interior. On the other hand, they enable us to constrain temperature and chemical compositions in the Earth's interior. However, among many known phase transitions in mineral physics, only a few have been investigated in seismology and geodynamics. This course reviews important papers about phase transitions in mantle and core materials.

Subjects

Earth | Earth | mantle | mantle | phase transitions | phase transitions | transition zone | transition zone | post-spinel transition | post-spinel transition | seismic discontinuities | seismic discontinuities | D'' discontinuity | D'' discontinuity | D'' anisotropy | D'' anisotropy | post-perovskite transition and spin transition | post-perovskite transition and spin transition

License

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16.886 Air Transportation Systems Architecting (MIT) 16.886 Air Transportation Systems Architecting (MIT)

Description

This course addresses the architecting of air transportation systems. The focus is on the conceptual phase of product definition, including technical, economic, market, environmental, regulatory, legal, manufacturing, and societal factors. It centers on a realistic system case study and includes a number of lectures from industry and government. Past examples include: the Very Large Transport Aircraft, a Supersonic Business Jet, and a Next Generation Cargo System. The course identifies the critical system level issues and analyzes them in depth via student team projects and individual assignments. The overall goal of the semester is to produce a business plan and a system specifications document that can be used to assess candidate systems. This course addresses the architecting of air transportation systems. The focus is on the conceptual phase of product definition, including technical, economic, market, environmental, regulatory, legal, manufacturing, and societal factors. It centers on a realistic system case study and includes a number of lectures from industry and government. Past examples include: the Very Large Transport Aircraft, a Supersonic Business Jet, and a Next Generation Cargo System. The course identifies the critical system level issues and analyzes them in depth via student team projects and individual assignments. The overall goal of the semester is to produce a business plan and a system specifications document that can be used to assess candidate systems.

Subjects

Air transportation | Air transportation | air transport | air transport | air transportation systems | air transportation systems | product definition | product definition | air transportation industry | air transportation industry | system case study | system case study | very large transport aircraft | very large transport aircraft | supersonic business jet | supersonic business jet | next generation cargo system | next generation cargo system | business plan | business plan | system specifications document | system specifications document

License

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8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT) 8.514 Strongly Correlated Systems in Condensed Matter Physics (MIT)

Description

In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group. In this course we shall develop theoretical methods suitable for the description of the many-body phenomena, such as Hamiltonian second-quantized operator formalism, Greens functions, path integral, functional integral, and the quantum kinetic equation. The concepts to be introduced include, but are not limited to, the random phase approximation, the mean field theory (aka saddle-point, or semiclassical approximation), the tunneling dynamics in imaginary time, instantons, Berry phase, coherent state path integral, renormalization group.

Subjects

condensed matter systems | condensed matter systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | low-dimension magnetic and electronic systems | disorder and quantum transport | disorder and quantum transport | magnetic impurities | magnetic impurities | the Kondo problem | the Kondo problem | quantum spin systems | quantum spin systems | the Hubbard model | the Hubbard model | high temperature superconductors | high temperature superconductors | Bose Condensates | Bose Condensates | Quasiparticles | Quasiparticles | Collective Modes | Collective Modes | Superfluidity | Superfluidity | Vortices | Vortices | Fermi Gases | Fermi Gases | Fermi Liquids | Fermi Liquids | Collective Excitations | Collective Excitations | Cooper Pairing | Cooper Pairing | BCS Theory | BCS Theory | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Off-diagonal Long-range Order | Superconductivity | Superconductivity | Atom Interacting | Atom Interacting | Optical Fields | Optical Fields | Lamb Shift | Lamb Shift | Casimir Effect | Casimir Effect | Dicke Superradiance | Dicke Superradiance | Quantum Transport | Quantum Transport | Wave Scattering | Wave Scattering | Disordered Media | Disordered Media | Localization | Localization | Tunneling | Tunneling | Instantons | Instantons | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Macroscopic Quantum Systems | Coupling | Coupling | Thermal Bath | Thermal Bath | Spin-boson Model | Spin-boson Model | Kondo Effect | Kondo Effect | Spin Dynamics | Spin Dynamics | Gases Transport | Gases Transport | Solids Transport | Solids Transport | Cold Atoms | Cold Atoms | Optical Lattices | Optical Lattices | Quantum Theory | Quantum Theory | Photodetection | Photodetection | Electric Noise | Electric Noise

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Progress at Roker Pier, 1889 Progress at Roker Pier, 1889

Description

Subjects

bridge | bridge | roof | roof | sea | sea | sky | sky | people | people | abstract | abstract | blur | blur | stone | stone | wall | wall | stairs | stairs | standing | standing | fence | fence | scrapbook | scrapbook | design | design | pier | pier | construction | construction | rocks | rocks | waves | waves | transformation | transformation | post | post | harbour | harbour | crane | crane | path | path | mark | mark | piers | piers | tide | tide | debris | debris | wheels | wheels | transport | transport | grain | grain | platform | platform | progress | progress | rail | rail | ground | ground | vessel | vessel | social | social | cargo | cargo | structure | structure | soil | soil | doorway | doorway | frame | frame | granite | granite | change | change | blocks | blocks | unusual | unusual | signal | signal | victorians | victorians | wagons | wagons | fascinating | fascinating | digitalimage | digitalimage | sunderland | sunderland | opened | opened | observing | observing | railwaytracks | railwaytracks | layed | layed | 1880s | 1880s | industrialheritage | industrialheritage | victorianera | victorianera | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | concreteblocks | concreteblocks | rokerpier | rokerpier | chiefengineer | chiefengineer | foundationstone | foundationstone | aberdeengranite | aberdeengranite | concretecement | concretecement | september1885 | september1885 | may1889 | may1889 | riverwearcommissioners | riverwearcommissioners | henryhaywake | henryhaywake | riverwearcommission | riverwearcommission | £290000 | £290000 | railwayscivilengineering | railwayscivilengineering | 2800feetlong | 2800feetlong | 23september1903 | 23september1903

License

No known copyright restrictions

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21G.052 French Film Classics (MIT) 21G.052 French Film Classics (MIT)

Description

This course covers the history and aesthetics of French cinema from the advent of sound to present-day. It treats films in the context of technical processes, the art of narration, directorial style, role of the scriptwriter, the development of schools and movements, the impact of political events and ideologies, and the relation between French and other national cinemas. Taught in English, the films are screened with English subtitles. Students may complete written assignments in French. This course covers the history and aesthetics of French cinema from the advent of sound to present-day. It treats films in the context of technical processes, the art of narration, directorial style, role of the scriptwriter, the development of schools and movements, the impact of political events and ideologies, and the relation between French and other national cinemas. Taught in English, the films are screened with English subtitles. Students may complete written assignments in French.

Subjects

France | France | french film | french film | the new wave | the new wave | René Clair | René Clair | Jean Epstein | Jean Epstein | La Grande Illusion | La Grande Illusion | Jean Renoir | Jean Renoir | The Left Bank | The Left Bank | 1970s Sex and Sectarianism | 1970s Sex and Sectarianism | Les Valseuses | Les Valseuses | Bertrand Blier | Bertrand Blier | Diva | Diva | Jean-Jacques Beineix | Jean-Jacques Beineix | cult film | cult film | cult classic | cult classic | Maghrebi-French (Beur) | Maghrebi-French (Beur) | Amélie | Amélie | popular Film | popular Film | Cluzot | Cluzot | Le corbeau | Le corbeau | Funny Face | Funny Face | Stanley Donen | Stanley Donen | Jacques Cousteau | Jacques Cousteau | BarthesCésaire | BarthesCésaire | Roger Vadim | Roger Vadim | François Truffaut | François Truffaut | Simone de Beauvoir | Simone de Beauvoir | Breathless: Jean-Luc Godard | Breathless: Jean-Luc Godard | Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob | Les Aventures de Rabbi Jacob | Gérard Oury | Gérard Oury | Nikita | Nikita | Jean-Luc Besson | Jean-Luc Besson | La Haine | La Haine | Mattheiu Kassovitz | Mattheiu Kassovitz | Intouchables | Intouchables | Eric Toledano and Olivier Nakache | Eric Toledano and Olivier Nakache | Bande de filles | Bande de filles | Céline Sciamma | Céline Sciamma | Realism | Realism | the Popular Frot | the Popular Frot | Liberation | Liberation | Henri Langlois and the Cinémathèque française | Henri Langlois and the Cinémathèque française | Les parapluies de Cherboug | Les parapluies de Cherboug | Jacques Demy | Jacques Demy | Brigitte Bardot | Brigitte Bardot | Catherine Deneuve | Catherine Deneuve

License

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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

Approaching transportation as a complex, large-scale, integrated, open system (CLIOS), this course strives to be an interdisciplinary systems subject in the "open" sense. It introduces qualitative modeling ideas and various techniques and philosophies of modeling complex transportation enterprises. It also introduces conceptual frameworks for qualitative analysis, such as frameworks for regional strategic planning, institutional change analysis, and new technology development and deployment. And it covers transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems are covered, along with underlying principles governin

Subjects

transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 11.527 | ESD.201 | 11.527J11.527

License

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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

Approaching transportation as a complex, large-scale, integrated, open system (CLIOS), this course strives to be an interdisciplinary systems subject in the "open" sense. It introduces qualitative modeling ideas and various techniques and philosophies of modeling complex transportation enterprises. It also introduces conceptual frameworks for qualitative analysis, such as frameworks for regional strategic planning, institutional change analysis, and new technology development and deployment. And it covers transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems are covered, along with underlying principles governin

Subjects

transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 11.527 | ESD.201 | 11.527J11.527

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

This subject introduces transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems. Underlying principles governing transportation planning, investment, operations, and maintenance. System performance and level-of-service metrics and the determinants of transportation travel demand. Design of transportation services and facilities for various modes and intermodal operations.

Subjects

transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 11.527 | ESD.201

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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1.221J Transportation Systems (MIT)

Description

Approaching transportation as a complex, large-scale, integrated, open system (CLIOS), this course strives to be an interdisciplinary systems subject in the "open" sense. It introduces qualitative modeling ideas and various techniques and philosophies of modeling complex transportation enterprises. It also introduces conceptual frameworks for qualitative analysis, such as frameworks for regional strategic planning, institutional change analysis, and new technology development and deployment. And it covers transportation as a large-scale, integrated system that interacts directly with the social, political, and economic aspects of contemporary society. Fundamental elements and issues shaping traveler and freight transportation systems are covered, along with underlying principles governin

Subjects

transportation systems | large-scale integrated systems | passenger transportation systems | freight transportation systems | transportation planning | transportation investment | transportation operations | transportation maintenance | system performance | level of service metrics | level of service determinants | design of transportation services | intermodal transportation | 1.221 | 11.527 | ESD.201 | 11.527J11.527

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT) 18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT)

Description

This course introduces fundamental concepts in "continuous'' applied mathematics, with an emphasis on nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Topics include linear and nonlinear waves: kinematic waves, method of characteristics, expansion fans, wave breaking, shock dynamics, shock structure; linear and nonlinear diffusion: Green functions, Fourier transform, similarity solutions, boundary layers, Nernst-Planck equations. Applications include traffic flow, gas dynamics, and granular flow. This course introduces fundamental concepts in "continuous'' applied mathematics, with an emphasis on nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Topics include linear and nonlinear waves: kinematic waves, method of characteristics, expansion fans, wave breaking, shock dynamics, shock structure; linear and nonlinear diffusion: Green functions, Fourier transform, similarity solutions, boundary layers, Nernst-Planck equations. Applications include traffic flow, gas dynamics, and granular flow.

Subjects

Linear and nonlinear waves | Linear and nonlinear waves | hyperbolic waves | hyperbolic waves | kinematic waves | kinematic waves | expansion fans | expansion fans | shock dynamics | shock dynamics | shock structure | shock structure | Linear diffusion | Linear diffusion | nonlinear diffusion | nonlinear diffusion | Green functions | Green functions | Fourier transform | Fourier transform | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | similarity solutions | similarity solutions | boundary layers | boundary layers | traffic flow | traffic flow | gas dynamics | gas dynamics | tsunamis | tsunamis | heat transfer | heat transfer | ion transport | ion transport | granular flow | granular flow

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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