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5.68J Kinetics of Chemical Reactions (MIT) 5.68J Kinetics of Chemical Reactions (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the experimental and theoretical aspects of chemical reaction kinetics, including transition-state theories, molecular beam scattering, classical techniques, quantum and statistical mechanical estimation of rate constants, pressure-dependence and chemical activation, modeling complex reacting mixtures, and uncertainty/sensitivity analyses. Reactions in the gas phase, liquid phase, and on surfaces are discussed with examples drawn from atmospheric, combustion, industrial, catalytic, and biological chemistry. This course deals with the experimental and theoretical aspects of chemical reaction kinetics, including transition-state theories, molecular beam scattering, classical techniques, quantum and statistical mechanical estimation of rate constants, pressure-dependence and chemical activation, modeling complex reacting mixtures, and uncertainty/sensitivity analyses. Reactions in the gas phase, liquid phase, and on surfaces are discussed with examples drawn from atmospheric, combustion, industrial, catalytic, and biological chemistry.

Subjects

quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | statistical mechanics | statistical mechanics | chemical reaction kinetics | chemical reaction kinetics | transition-state theories | transition-state theories | molecular beam scattering | molecular beam scattering | classical techniques | classical techniques | rate constants | rate constants | pressure-dependence | pressure-dependence | chemical activation | chemical activation | atmosphere | atmosphere | combustion | combustion | catalytic | catalytic | biological chemistry | biological chemistry | elementary kinetics | elementary kinetics | experimental kinetics | experimental kinetics | reaction rate theory | reaction rate theory | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | practical prediction methods | practical prediction methods | handling large kinetic models | handling large kinetic models | reactions in solution | reactions in solution | catalysis | catalysis | 5.68 | 5.68 | 10.652 | 10.652

License

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X-15 pilots clown around X-15 pilots clown around

Description

Subjects

airplane | airplane | mckay | mckay | aircraft | aircraft | aviation | aviation | dana | dana | nasa | nasa | knight | knight | engel | engel | usaf | usaf | thompson | thompson | aerospace | aerospace | usairforce | usairforce | xplane | xplane | spaceflight | spaceflight | x15 | x15 | unitedstatesairforce | unitedstatesairforce | rushworth | rushworth | thiokol | thiokol | billdana | billdana | naa | naa | nationalaeronauticsandspaceadministration | nationalaeronauticsandspaceadministration | rocketplane | rocketplane | joeengel | joeengel | northamericanaviation | northamericanaviation | mannedspaceflight | mannedspaceflight | northamericanx15 | northamericanx15 | miltthompson | miltthompson | xlr99 | xlr99 | josephengle | josephengle | experimentalflight | experimentalflight | jackmckay | jackmckay | x15a2 | x15a2 | x15a | x15a | 566671 | 566671 | williamdana | williamdana | reactionmotors | reactionmotors | reactionmotorsxlr99 | reactionmotorsxlr99 | af566671 | af566671 | usaf566671 | usaf566671 | robertrushworth | robertrushworth | williampeteknight | williampeteknight | peteknight | peteknight | miltonthompson | miltonthompson

License

No known copyright restrictions

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22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT) 22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT)

Description

The topics covered under this course include elements of nuclear physics for engineering students, basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations, quantum mechanical calculations of deuteron bound-state wave function and energy, n-p scattering cross-section, transition probability per unit time and barrier transmission probability. Also explored are binding energy and nuclear stability, interactions of charged particles, neutrons, and gamma rays with matter, radioactive decays, energetics and general cross-section behavior in nuclear reactions. The topics covered under this course include elements of nuclear physics for engineering students, basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations, quantum mechanical calculations of deuteron bound-state wave function and energy, n-p scattering cross-section, transition probability per unit time and barrier transmission probability. Also explored are binding energy and nuclear stability, interactions of charged particles, neutrons, and gamma rays with matter, radioactive decays, energetics and general cross-section behavior in nuclear reactions.

Subjects

Nuclear physics | Nuclear physics | Nuclear reaction | Nuclear reaction | Nucleus | Nucleus | Nuclear radiation | Nuclear radiation | Quantum mechanics | Quantum mechanics | Deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | Deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | n-p scattering cross-section | n-p scattering cross-section | Transition probability per unit time | Transition probability per unit time | Barrier transmission probability | Barrier transmission probability | Binding energy | Binding energy | Nuclear stability | Nuclear stability | Interactions of charged particles neutrons and gamma rays with matter | Interactions of charged particles neutrons and gamma rays with matter | Radioactive decay | Radioactive decay | Energetics | Energetics | nuclear physics | nuclear physics | nuclear reaction | nuclear reaction | nucleus | nucleus | nuclear radiation | nuclear radiation | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | transition probability per unit time | transition probability per unit time | barrier transmission probability | barrier transmission probability | nuclear stability | nuclear stability | Interactions of charged particles | Interactions of charged particles | neutrons | neutrons | and gamma rays with matter | and gamma rays with matter | energetics | energetics

License

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IV (MIT) IV (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures, AV faculty introductions, AV special element video. The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures, AV faculty introductions, AV special element video. The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.

Subjects

Unified | Unified | Unified Engineering | Unified Engineering | aerospace | aerospace | CDIO | CDIO | C-D-I-O | C-D-I-O | conceive | conceive | design | design | implement | implement | operate | operate | team | team | team-based | team-based | discipline | discipline | materials | materials | structures | structures | materials and structures | materials and structures | computers | computers | programming | programming | computers and programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluids | fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | propulsion | propulsion | signals | signals | systems | systems | signals and systems | signals and systems | systems problems | systems problems | fundamentals | fundamentals | technical communication | technical communication | graphical communication | graphical communication | communication | communication | reading | reading | research | research | experimentation | experimentation | personal response system | personal response system | prs | prs | active learning | active learning | First law | First law | first law of thermodynamics | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy | energy conversion | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | heat | work | work | thermal efficiency | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | forms of energy | energy exchange | energy exchange | processes | processes | heat engines | heat engines | engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | energy flow | flows | flows | path-dependence | path-dependence | path-independence | path-independence | reversibility | reversibility | irreversibility | irreversibility | state | state | thermodynamic state | thermodynamic state | performance | performance | ideal cycle | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | simple heat engine | cycles | cycles | thermal pressures | thermal pressures | temperatures | temperatures | linear static networks | linear static networks | loop method | loop method | node method | node method | linear dynamic networks | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | classical methods | state methods | state methods | state concepts | state concepts | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | resistive circuits | sources | sources | voltages | voltages | currents | currents | Thevinin | Thevinin | Norton | Norton | initial value problems | initial value problems | RLC networks | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | characteristic vectors | transfer function | transfer function | ada | ada | ada programming | ada programming | programming language | programming language | software systems | software systems | programming style | programming style | computer architecture | computer architecture | program language evolution | program language evolution | classification | classification | numerical computation | numerical computation | number representation systems | number representation systems | assembly | assembly | SimpleSIM | SimpleSIM | RISC | RISC | CISC | CISC | operating systems | operating systems | single user | single user | multitasking | multitasking | multiprocessing | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | domain-specific classification | recursive | recursive | execution time | execution time | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | fluid flow | mach | mach | reynolds | reynolds | conservation | conservation | conservation principles | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | continuity | continuity | inviscid | inviscid | steady flow | steady flow | simple bodies | simple bodies | airfoils | airfoils | wings | wings | channels | channels | aerodynamics | aerodynamics | forces | forces | moments | moments | equilibrium | equilibrium | freebody diagram | freebody diagram | free-body | free-body | free body | free body | planar force systems | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | equipollence | support reactions | support reactions | reactions | reactions | static determinance | static determinance | determinate systems | determinate systems | truss analysis | truss analysis | trusses | trusses | method of joints | method of joints | method of sections | method of sections | statically indeterminate | statically indeterminate | three great principles | three great principles | 3 great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | coordinate rotation | stress | stress | extensional stress | extensional stress | shear stress | shear stress | notation | notation | plane stress | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | stress transformation | mohr | mohr | mohr's circle | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stress | principal stresses | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | extreme shear stress | strain | strain | extensional strain | extensional strain | shear strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | strain-displacement | compatibility | compatibility | strain transformation | strain transformation | transformation of strain | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | material properties | classes of materials | classes of materials | bulk material properties | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | structures of materials | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | packing of atoms | atomic packing | atomic packing | crystals | crystals | crystal structures | crystal structures | polymers | polymers | estimate of moduli | estimate of moduli | moduli | moduli | composites | composites | composite materials | composite materials | modulus limited design | modulus limited design | material selection | material selection | materials selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | anisotropy | orthotropy | orthotropy | measurements | measurements | engineering notation | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke | Hooke's law | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | multi-disciplinary | models | models | engineering systems | engineering systems | experiments | experiments | investigations | investigations | experimental error | experimental error | design evaluation | design evaluation | evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | trade studies | effects of engineering | effects of engineering | social context | social context | engineering drawings | engineering drawings

License

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5.43 Advanced Organic Chemistry (MIT) 5.43 Advanced Organic Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the application of structure and theory to the study of organic reaction mechanisms: Stereochemical features including conformation and stereoelectronic effects; reaction dynamics, isotope effects and molecular orbital theory applied to pericyclic and photochemical reactions; and special reactive intermediates including carbenes, carbanions, and free radicals. This course deals with the application of structure and theory to the study of organic reaction mechanisms: Stereochemical features including conformation and stereoelectronic effects; reaction dynamics, isotope effects and molecular orbital theory applied to pericyclic and photochemical reactions; and special reactive intermediates including carbenes, carbanions, and free radicals.

Subjects

organic reaction mechanism | organic reaction mechanism | organic | organic | stereochemistry | stereochemistry | conformation | conformation | stereoelectronic effects | stereoelectronic effects | reaction dynamics | reaction dynamics | isotope effects | isotope effects | molecular orbital theory | molecular orbital theory | pericyclic | pericyclic | photochemical | photochemical | carbenes | carbenes | carbanions | carbanions | free radical | free radical | organometallic | organometallic | heterocyclic | heterocyclic

License

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5.12 Organic Chemistry I (MIT) 5.12 Organic Chemistry I (MIT)

Description

This subject deals primarily with the basic principles to understand the structure and reactivity of organic molecules. Emphasis is on substitution and elimination reactions and chemistry of the carbonyl group. The course also provides an introduction to the chemistry of aromatic compounds. This subject deals primarily with the basic principles to understand the structure and reactivity of organic molecules. Emphasis is on substitution and elimination reactions and chemistry of the carbonyl group. The course also provides an introduction to the chemistry of aromatic compounds.

Subjects

organic chemistry | organic chemistry | molecular structure | molecular structure | reactivity | reactivity | organic molecules | organic molecules | substitution reactions | substitution reactions | elimination reactions | elimination reactions | carbonyl group | carbonyl group | aromatic compounds | aromatic compounds

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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5.05 Principles of Inorganic Chemistry III (MIT) 5.05 Principles of Inorganic Chemistry III (MIT)

Description

This course covers the principles of main group (s and p block) element chemistry with an emphasis on synthesis, structure, bonding, and reaction mechanisms. This course covers the principles of main group (s and p block) element chemistry with an emphasis on synthesis, structure, bonding, and reaction mechanisms.

Subjects

inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | main group element chemistry | main group element chemistry | chemical synthesis | chemical synthesis | chemical structure | chemical structure | bonding | bonding | reaction mechanisms | reaction mechanisms | aluminum chemistry | aluminum chemistry | s block | s block | p block | p block | interatomic distance | interatomic distance | lewis structure | lewis structure | partitions space | partitions space | Density Functional Theory | Density Functional Theory | NMR spectroscopy | NMR spectroscopy | spin-orbit coupling | spin-orbit coupling | spin-spin coupling | spin-spin coupling | relativistic effects | relativistic effects | spin-orbit effects | spin-orbit effects | noble gas chemistry | noble gas chemistry | chemical reaction products | chemical reaction products

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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5.13 Organic Chemistry II (MIT) 5.13 Organic Chemistry II (MIT)

Description

This intermediate organic chemistry course focuses on the methods used to identify the structure of organic molecules, advanced principles of organic stereochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and methods used for the synthesis of organic compounds. Additional special topics include illustrating the role of organic chemistry in biology, medicine, and industry. This intermediate organic chemistry course focuses on the methods used to identify the structure of organic molecules, advanced principles of organic stereochemistry, organic reaction mechanisms, and methods used for the synthesis of organic compounds. Additional special topics include illustrating the role of organic chemistry in biology, medicine, and industry.

Subjects

intermediate organic chemistry | intermediate organic chemistry | organic molecules | organic molecules | stereochemistry | stereochemistry | reaction mechanisms | reaction mechanisms | synthesis of organic compounds | synthesis of organic compounds | synthesis | synthesis | structure determination | structure determination | mechanism | mechanism | reactivity | reactivity | functional groups | functional groups | NMR | NMR | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | spectrometry | spectrometry | structure elucidation | structure elucidation | infrared spectroscopy | infrared spectroscopy | nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy | nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy | reactive intermediates | reactive intermediates | carbocations | carbocations | radicals | radicals | aromaticity | aromaticity | conjugated systems | conjugated systems | molecular orbital theory | molecular orbital theory | pericyclic reactions | pericyclic reactions

License

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IV (MIT) IV (MIT)

Description

The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files

Subjects

Unified | Unified | Unified Engineering | Unified Engineering | aerospace | aerospace | CDIO | CDIO | C-D-I-O | C-D-I-O | conceive | conceive | design | design | implement | implement | operate | operate | team | team | team-based | team-based | discipline | discipline | materials | materials | structures | structures | materials and structures | materials and structures | computers | computers | programming | programming | computers and programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluids | fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | propulsion | propulsion | signals | signals | systems | systems | signals and systems | signals and systems | systems problems | systems problems | fundamentals | fundamentals | technical communication | technical communication | graphical communication | graphical communication | communication | communication | reading | reading | research | research | experimentation | experimentation | personal response system | personal response system | prs | prs | active learning | active learning | First law | First law | first law of thermodynamics | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy | energy conversion | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | heat | work | work | thermal efficiency | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | forms of energy | energy exchange | energy exchange | processes | processes | heat engines | heat engines | engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | energy flow | flows | flows | path-dependence | path-dependence | path-independence | path-independence | reversibility | reversibility | irreversibility | irreversibility | state | state | thermodynamic state | thermodynamic state | performance | performance | ideal cycle | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | simple heat engine | cycles | cycles | thermal pressures | thermal pressures | temperatures | temperatures | linear static networks | linear static networks | loop method | loop method | node method | node method | linear dynamic networks | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | classical methods | state methods | state methods | state concepts | state concepts | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | resistive circuits | sources | sources | voltages | voltages | currents | currents | Thevinin | Thevinin | Norton | Norton | initial value problems | initial value problems | RLC networks | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | characteristic vectors | transfer function | transfer function | ada | ada | ada programming | ada programming | programming language | programming language | software systems | software systems | programming style | programming style | computer architecture | computer architecture | program language evolution | program language evolution | classification | classification | numerical computation | numerical computation | number representation systems | number representation systems | assembly | assembly | SimpleSIM | SimpleSIM | RISC | RISC | CISC | CISC | operating systems | operating systems | single user | single user | multitasking | multitasking | multiprocessing | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | domain-specific classification | recursive | recursive | execution time | execution time | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | fluid flow | mach | mach | reynolds | reynolds | conservation | conservation | conservation principles | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | continuity | continuity | inviscid | inviscid | steady flow | steady flow | simple bodies | simple bodies | airfoils | airfoils | wings | wings | channels | channels | aerodynamics | aerodynamics | forces | forces | moments | moments | equilibrium | equilibrium | freebody diagram | freebody diagram | free-body | free-body | free body | free body | planar force systems | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | equipollence | support reactions | support reactions | reactions | reactions | static determinance | static determinance | determinate systems | determinate systems | truss analysis | truss analysis | trusses | trusses | method of joints | method of joints | method of sections | method of sections | statically indeterminate | statically indeterminate | three great principles | three great principles | 3 great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | coordinate rotation | stress | stress | extensional stress | extensional stress | shear stress | shear stress | notation | notation | plane stress | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | stress transformation | mohr | mohr | mohr's circle | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stress | principal stresses | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | extreme shear stress | strain | strain | extensional strain | extensional strain | shear strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | strain-displacement | compatibility | compatibility | strain transformation | strain transformation | transformation of strain | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | material properties | classes of materials | classes of materials | bulk material properties | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | structures of materials | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | packing of atoms | atomic packing | atomic packing | crystals | crystals | crystal structures | crystal structures | polymers | polymers | estimate of moduli | estimate of moduli | moduli | moduli | composites | composites | composite materials | composite materials | modulus limited design | modulus limited design | material selection | material selection | materials selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | anisotropy | orthotropy | orthotropy | measurements | measurements | engineering notation | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke | Hooke's law | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | multi-disciplinary | models | models | engineering systems | engineering systems | experiments | experiments | investigations | investigations | experimental error | experimental error | design evaluation | design evaluation | evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | trade studies | effects of engineering | effects of engineering | social context | social context | engineering drawings | engineering drawings | 16.01 | 16.01 | 16.02 | 16.02 | 16.03 | 16.03 | 16.04 | 16.04

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20.430J Fields, Forces, and Flows in Biological Systems (MIT) 20.430J Fields, Forces, and Flows in Biological Systems (MIT)

Description

This course covers the fundamental driving forces for transport—chemical gradients, electrical interactions, and fluid flow—as applied to the biology and biophysics of molecules, cells, and tissues. This course covers the fundamental driving forces for transport—chemical gradients, electrical interactions, and fluid flow—as applied to the biology and biophysics of molecules, cells, and tissues.

Subjects

diffusion | diffusion | molecular diffusion | molecular diffusion | diffusion-reaction | diffusion-reaction | conduction | conduction | convection | convection | biological systems | biological systems | fields | fields | electrical double layers | electrical double layers | Maxwell stress tensor | Maxwell stress tensor | physiological systems | physiological systems | fluid | fluid | solid | solid | equations of motion | equations of motion | case study | case study | electrode interfaces | electrode interfaces | transduction | transduction | random walk | random walk | Stokes-Einstein | Stokes-Einstein | Fick's laws | Fick's laws | reaction | reaction | Damköhler number | Damköhler number

License

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5.68J Kinetics of Chemical Reactions (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the experimental and theoretical aspects of chemical reaction kinetics, including transition-state theories, molecular beam scattering, classical techniques, quantum and statistical mechanical estimation of rate constants, pressure-dependence and chemical activation, modeling complex reacting mixtures, and uncertainty/sensitivity analyses. Reactions in the gas phase, liquid phase, and on surfaces are discussed with examples drawn from atmospheric, combustion, industrial, catalytic, and biological chemistry.

Subjects

quantum mechanics | statistical mechanics | chemical reaction kinetics | transition-state theories | molecular beam scattering | classical techniques | rate constants | pressure-dependence | chemical activation | atmosphere | combustion | catalytic | biological chemistry | elementary kinetics | experimental kinetics | reaction rate theory | thermodynamics | practical prediction methods | handling large kinetic models | reactions in solution | catalysis | 5.68 | 10.652

License

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5.68J Kinetics of Chemical Reactions (MIT)

Description

This course deals with the experimental and theoretical aspects of chemical reaction kinetics, including transition-state theories, molecular beam scattering, classical techniques, quantum and statistical mechanical estimation of rate constants, pressure-dependence and chemical activation, modeling complex reacting mixtures, and uncertainty/sensitivity analyses. Reactions in the gas phase, liquid phase, and on surfaces are discussed with examples drawn from atmospheric, combustion, industrial, catalytic, and biological chemistry.

Subjects

quantum mechanics | statistical mechanics | chemical reaction kinetics | transition-state theories | molecular beam scattering | classical techniques | rate constants | pressure-dependence | chemical activation | atmosphere | combustion | catalytic | biological chemistry | elementary kinetics | experimental kinetics | reaction rate theory | thermodynamics | practical prediction methods | handling large kinetic models | reactions in solution | catalysis | 5.68 | 10.652

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7.88J Protein Folding Problem (MIT) 7.88J Protein Folding Problem (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the mechanisms by which the amino acid sequence of polypeptide chains (proteins), determine their three-dimensional conformation. Topics in this course include sequence determinants of secondary structure, the folding of newly synthesized polypeptide chains within cells, folding intermediates aggregation and competing off-pathway reactions, and the unfolding and refolding of proteins in vitro. Additional topics covered are the role of helper proteins such as chaperonins and isomerases, protein recovery problems in the biotechnology industry, and diseases found associated with protein folding defects. This course focuses on the mechanisms by which the amino acid sequence of polypeptide chains (proteins), determine their three-dimensional conformation. Topics in this course include sequence determinants of secondary structure, the folding of newly synthesized polypeptide chains within cells, folding intermediates aggregation and competing off-pathway reactions, and the unfolding and refolding of proteins in vitro. Additional topics covered are the role of helper proteins such as chaperonins and isomerases, protein recovery problems in the biotechnology industry, and diseases found associated with protein folding defects.

Subjects

amino acid sequence | amino acid sequence | polypeptide chains | polypeptide chains | sequence determinants | sequence determinants | folding | folding | synthesized polypeptide chains within cells | synthesized polypeptide chains within cells | unfolding and refolding of proteins in vitro | unfolding and refolding of proteins in vitro | folding intermediates aggregation | folding intermediates aggregation | competing off-pathway reactions | competing off-pathway reactions | chaperonins | chaperonins | isomerases | isomerases | helper proteins | helper proteins | protein recovery problems | protein recovery problems | biotechnology industry | biotechnology industry | protein folding defects | protein folding defects | 3-D conformation | 3-D conformation | globular proteins | globular proteins | fibrous proteins | fibrous proteins | kinetics | kinetics | in vitro refolding | in vitro refolding | pathways | pathways | in vivo folding | in vivo folding | synthesized proteins | synthesized proteins | aggregation | aggregation | protein misfolding | protein misfolding | human disease | human disease | protein folding | protein folding | genome sequences | genome sequences | 7.88 | 7.88 | 5.48 | 5.48 | 7.24 | 7.24 | 10.543 | 10.543

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12.570 Structure and Dynamics of the CMB Region (MIT) 12.570 Structure and Dynamics of the CMB Region (MIT)

Description

The Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) represents one of the most important physical and chemical discontinuities of the deep Earth as it separates the solid state, convective lower mantle from the liquid outer core. In this seminar course, the instructors will examine our current understanding of the CMB region from integrated seismological, mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives. Instructors will also introduce state-of-the-art methodologies that are employed to characterize the CMB region and relevant papers will be discussed in class. Topics will include CMB detection and topography, D'' anisotropy, seismic velocity anomalies (e.g., ultra-low velocity zones), temperature, chemical reactions, phase relations, and mineral fabrications at the core-mantle boundary. These results will be i The Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) represents one of the most important physical and chemical discontinuities of the deep Earth as it separates the solid state, convective lower mantle from the liquid outer core. In this seminar course, the instructors will examine our current understanding of the CMB region from integrated seismological, mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives. Instructors will also introduce state-of-the-art methodologies that are employed to characterize the CMB region and relevant papers will be discussed in class. Topics will include CMB detection and topography, D'' anisotropy, seismic velocity anomalies (e.g., ultra-low velocity zones), temperature, chemical reactions, phase relations, and mineral fabrications at the core-mantle boundary. These results will be i

Subjects

Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) | Core Mantle Boundary (CMB) | deep Earth | deep Earth | lower mantle | lower mantle | outer core | outer core | integrated seismological | integrated seismological | mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives | mineral physics and geodynamical perspectives | CMB detection and topography | CMB detection and topography | D'' anisotropy | D'' anisotropy | seismic velocity anomalies (e.g. | seismic velocity anomalies (e.g. | ultra-low velocity zones) | ultra-low velocity zones) | temperature | temperature | chemical reactions | chemical reactions | phase relations | phase relations | mineral fabrications | mineral fabrications | cmb detection | cmb detection | topography | topography | mineral physics | mineral physics | geodynamical perspectives | geodynamical perspectives | D" Region | D" Region | ultra-low velocity zones | ultra-low velocity zones | partial melting | partial melting | mineral texture | mineral texture | core rigidity zones | core rigidity zones | sedimentation | sedimentation | mantle flow | mantle flow | core mantle coupling | core mantle coupling | geomagnetic field | geomagnetic field

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7.343 Photosynthesis: Life from Light (MIT) 7.343 Photosynthesis: Life from Light (MIT)

Description

In this course, you will journey through the web of physical, chemical, and biological reactions that collectively constitute photosynthesis. We will begin with light harvesting and follow photons to the sites of primary photochemistry: the photoreaction centers. A molecular-scale view will show in atomic detail how these protein complexes capture and energize electrons. Then we will follow the multiple pathways electrons take as they carry out their work. Consequent reactions, such as the synthesis of ATP and the reduction of CO2 during the synthesis of carbohydrates, will also be discussed in structural detail. Lastly, we will delve into the evolution of these systems and also discuss other photosynthetic strategies, such as light-driven proton pumps and anoxygenic photosynthesis. The co In this course, you will journey through the web of physical, chemical, and biological reactions that collectively constitute photosynthesis. We will begin with light harvesting and follow photons to the sites of primary photochemistry: the photoreaction centers. A molecular-scale view will show in atomic detail how these protein complexes capture and energize electrons. Then we will follow the multiple pathways electrons take as they carry out their work. Consequent reactions, such as the synthesis of ATP and the reduction of CO2 during the synthesis of carbohydrates, will also be discussed in structural detail. Lastly, we will delve into the evolution of these systems and also discuss other photosynthetic strategies, such as light-driven proton pumps and anoxygenic photosynthesis. The co

Subjects

photosynthesis | photosynthesis | life from light | life from light | conversion | conversion | solar energy | solar energy | chemical energy | chemical energy | biogeochemical cycles | biogeochemical cycles | global warming | global warming | physical | physical | chemical and biological reactions | chemical and biological reactions | light harvesting | light harvesting | photochemistry | photochemistry | protein complexes | protein complexes | synthesis of ATP | synthesis of ATP | reduction of CO2 | reduction of CO2 | carbohydrates | carbohydrates | light-driven proton pumps | light-driven proton pumps | anoxygenic photosynthesis | anoxygenic photosynthesis

License

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22.02 Introduction to Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT) 22.02 Introduction to Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT)

Description

This class covers basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on nuclear structure and interactions of radiation with matter. Topics include elementary quantum theory; nuclear forces; shell structure of the nucleus; alpha, beta and gamma radioactive decays; interactions of nuclear radiations (charged particles, gammas, and neutrons) with matter; nuclear reactions; fission and fusion. This class covers basic concepts of nuclear physics with emphasis on nuclear structure and interactions of radiation with matter. Topics include elementary quantum theory; nuclear forces; shell structure of the nucleus; alpha, beta and gamma radioactive decays; interactions of nuclear radiations (charged particles, gammas, and neutrons) with matter; nuclear reactions; fission and fusion.

Subjects

radiation | radiation | nuclear structure | nuclear structure | quantum theory | quantum theory | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | nuclear reaction | nuclear reaction | nuclear fission | nuclear fission | nuclear fusion | nuclear fusion | radioactive decay | radioactive decay

License

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5.111 Principles of Chemical Science (MIT) 5.111 Principles of Chemical Science (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules. The emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Development and implementation of the biology-related materials in this course were funded through an HHMI Professors grant to Prof. Catherine L. Drennan. This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules. The emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Development and implementation of the biology-related materials in this course were funded through an HHMI Professors grant to Prof. Catherine L. Drennan.

Subjects

introductory chemistry | introductory chemistry | atomic structure | atomic structure | molecular electronic structure | molecular electronic structure | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | acid-base equillibrium | acid-base equillibrium | titration | titration | redox | redox | chemical kinetics | chemical kinetics | catalysis | catalysis | lewis structures | lewis structures | VSEPR theory | VSEPR theory | wave-particle duality | wave-particle duality | biochemistry | biochemistry | orbitals | orbitals | periodic trends | periodic trends | general chemistry | general chemistry | valence bond theory | valence bond theory | hybridization | hybridization | free energy | free energy | reaction mechanism | reaction mechanism | Rutherford backscattering | Rutherford backscattering

License

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8.591J Systems Biology (MIT) 8.591J Systems Biology (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course provides an introduction to cellular and population-level systems biology with an emphasis on synthetic biology, modeling of genetic networks, cell-cell interactions, and evolutionary dynamics. Cellular systems include genetic switches and oscillators, network motifs, genetic network evolution, and cellular decision-making. Population-level systems include models of pattern formation, cell-cell communication, and evolutionary systems biology. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course provides an introduction to cellular and population-level systems biology with an emphasis on synthetic biology, modeling of genetic networks, cell-cell interactions, and evolutionary dynamics. Cellular systems include genetic switches and oscillators, network motifs, genetic network evolution, and cellular decision-making. Population-level systems include models of pattern formation, cell-cell communication, and evolutionary systems biology.

Subjects

molecular systems biology | molecular systems biology | genetic networks | genetic networks | control theory | control theory | synthetic genetic switches | synthetic genetic switches | bacterial chemotaxis | bacterial chemotaxis | genetic oscillators | genetic oscillators | circadian rhythms | circadian rhythms | cellular systems biology | cellular systems biology | reaction diffusion equations | reaction diffusion equations | local activation | local activation | global inhibition models | global inhibition models | gradient sensing systems | gradient sensing systems | center finding networks | center finding networks | general pattern formation models | general pattern formation models | cell-cell communication | cell-cell communication | quorum sensing | quorum sensing

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Kinetics (MIT) Kinetics (MIT)

Description

This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions. This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions.

Subjects

thermodynamics | thermodynamics | kinetics | kinetics | equilibrium | equilibrium | macroscopic systems | macroscopic systems | state variables | state variables | law of thermodynamics | law of thermodynamics | entropy | entropy | Gibbs function | Gibbs function | reaction rates | reaction rates | clapeyron | clapeyron | enthalpy | enthalpy | clausius | clausius | adiabatic | adiabatic | Hemholtz | Hemholtz | catalysis | catalysis | oscillators | oscillators | autocatalysis | autocatalysis | carnot cycle | carnot cycle

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3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science (MIT) 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the fundamentals of structure, energetics, and bonding that underpin materials science. It is the introductory lecture class for sophomore students in Materials Science and Engineering, taken with 3.014 and 3.016 to create a unified introduction to the subject. Topics include: an introduction to thermodynamic functions and laws governing equilibrium properties, relating macroscopic behavior to atomistic and molecular models of materials; the role of electronic bonding in determining the energy, structure, and stability of materials; quantum mechanical descriptions of interacting electrons and atoms; materials phenomena, such as heat capacities, phase transformations, and multiphase equilibria to chemical reactions and magnetism; symmetry properties of molecules and s This course focuses on the fundamentals of structure, energetics, and bonding that underpin materials science. It is the introductory lecture class for sophomore students in Materials Science and Engineering, taken with 3.014 and 3.016 to create a unified introduction to the subject. Topics include: an introduction to thermodynamic functions and laws governing equilibrium properties, relating macroscopic behavior to atomistic and molecular models of materials; the role of electronic bonding in determining the energy, structure, and stability of materials; quantum mechanical descriptions of interacting electrons and atoms; materials phenomena, such as heat capacities, phase transformations, and multiphase equilibria to chemical reactions and magnetism; symmetry properties of molecules and s

Subjects

bonding | bonding | energetics | energetics | structure | structure | antibonding | antibonding | hydrogen | hydrogen | Quantum mechanics | Quantum mechanics | electron | electron | atom | atom | molecule | molecule | molecular dynamics | molecular dynamics | MD | MD | Symmetry properties | Symmetry properties | solid | solid | gas | gas | liquid | liquid | phase | phase | matter; molecular geometry | matter; molecular geometry | complex and disordered materials | complex and disordered materials | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | equilibrium property | equilibrium property | macroscopic behavior | macroscopic behavior | molecular model | molecular model | heat capacity | heat capacity | phase transformation | phase transformation | multiphase equilibria | multiphase equilibria | chemical reaction | chemical reaction | magnetism | magnetism | engineered alloy | engineered alloy | electronic and magnetic material | electronic and magnetic material | ionic solid | ionic solid | network solid | network solid | polymer | polymer | biomaterial | biomaterial | glass | glass | liquid crystal | liquid crystal | LCD | LCD | matter | matter | molecular geometry | molecular geometry

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18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT) 18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT)

Description

This course is about mathematical analysis of continuum models of various natural phenomena. Such models are generally described by partial differential equations (PDE) and for this reason much of the course is devoted to the analysis of PDE. Examples of applications come from physics, chemistry, biology, complex systems: traffic flows, shock waves, hydraulic jumps, bio-fluid flows, chemical reactions, diffusion, heat transfer, population dynamics, and pattern formation. This course is about mathematical analysis of continuum models of various natural phenomena. Such models are generally described by partial differential equations (PDE) and for this reason much of the course is devoted to the analysis of PDE. Examples of applications come from physics, chemistry, biology, complex systems: traffic flows, shock waves, hydraulic jumps, bio-fluid flows, chemical reactions, diffusion, heat transfer, population dynamics, and pattern formation.

Subjects

partial differential equation | partial differential equation | hyperbolic equations | hyperbolic equations | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | perturbation methods | perturbation methods | hyperbolic systems | hyperbolic systems | diffusion and reaction processes | diffusion and reaction processes | continuum models | continuum models | equilibrium models | equilibrium models

License

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10.626 Electrochemical Energy Systems (MIT) 10.626 Electrochemical Energy Systems (MIT)

Description

This course introduces principles and mathematical models of electrochemical energy conversion and storage. Students study equivalent circuits, thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, transport phenomena, electrostatics, porous media, and phase transformations. In addition, this course includes applications to batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and electrokinetics. This course introduces principles and mathematical models of electrochemical energy conversion and storage. Students study equivalent circuits, thermodynamics, reaction kinetics, transport phenomena, electrostatics, porous media, and phase transformations. In addition, this course includes applications to batteries, fuel cells, supercapacitors, and electrokinetics.

Subjects

energy | energy | electrochemical energy conversion | electrochemical energy conversion | electrochemical energy storage | electrochemical energy storage | transport phenomena | transport phenomena | diffuse charge | diffuse charge | Faradaic reactions | Faradaic reactions | statistical thermodynamics | statistical thermodynamics | phase transformations | phase transformations | rechargeable batteries | rechargeable batteries | fuel cells | fuel cells | supercapacitors | supercapacitors | solar cells | solar cells | desalination | desalination | electrokinetic energy conversion | electrokinetic energy conversion

License

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4.461 Building Technology I: Materials and Construction (MIT) 4.461 Building Technology I: Materials and Construction (MIT)

Description

This course offers an introduction to the history, theory, and construction of basic structural systems as well as an introduction to energy issues in buildings. It emphasizes basic systematic and elemental behavior, principles of structural behavior, and analysis of individual structural elements and strategies for load carrying. The course also introduces fundamental energy topics including thermodynamics, psychrometrics, and comfort. It is a required class for M. Arch. students. This course offers an introduction to the history, theory, and construction of basic structural systems as well as an introduction to energy issues in buildings. It emphasizes basic systematic and elemental behavior, principles of structural behavior, and analysis of individual structural elements and strategies for load carrying. The course also introduces fundamental energy topics including thermodynamics, psychrometrics, and comfort. It is a required class for M. Arch. students.

Subjects

structures | structures | building technology | building technology | construction | construction | static behavior of structures and strength of materials | static behavior of structures and strength of materials | reactions | reactions | truss analysis | truss analysis | stability of structures | stability of structures | stress and strain at a point | stress and strain at a point | shear and bending moment diagrams | shear and bending moment diagrams | stresses in beams | stresses in beams | Mohr's Circle | Mohr's Circle | column buckling | column buckling | deflection of beams | deflection of beams | materials | materials | wood | wood | steel | steel | concrete | concrete

License

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Kinetics (MIT) Kinetics (MIT)

Description

This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions.AcknowledgementsThe material for 5.60 has evolved over a period of many years, and therefore several faculty members have contributed to the development of the course contents. The following are known to have assisted in preparing the lecture notes available on OCW:Emeritus Professors of Chemistry: Robert A. Alberty, Carl W. Garland, Irwin Oppenheim, John S. Waugh.Professors of Chemistry: Moungi Bawendi, John M. Deutch, Robert W. Field, Robert G. Griffin, Keith A. Nelson, Robert J. Silbey, Jeffrey I. Steinfeld.Professor of Bioengineering and Computer Science: Bruce Tidor.Professor of Chem This subject deals primarily with equilibrium properties of macroscopic systems, basic thermodynamics, chemical equilibrium of reactions in gas and solution phase, and rates of chemical reactions.AcknowledgementsThe material for 5.60 has evolved over a period of many years, and therefore several faculty members have contributed to the development of the course contents. The following are known to have assisted in preparing the lecture notes available on OCW:Emeritus Professors of Chemistry: Robert A. Alberty, Carl W. Garland, Irwin Oppenheim, John S. Waugh.Professors of Chemistry: Moungi Bawendi, John M. Deutch, Robert W. Field, Robert G. Griffin, Keith A. Nelson, Robert J. Silbey, Jeffrey I. Steinfeld.Professor of Bioengineering and Computer Science: Bruce Tidor.Professor of Chem

Subjects

thermodynamics | thermodynamics | kinetics | kinetics | equilibrium | equilibrium | macroscopic systems | macroscopic systems | state variables | state variables | law of thermodynamics | law of thermodynamics | entropy | entropy | Gibbs function | Gibbs function | reaction rates | reaction rates

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X-15 contrail after launch

Description

Subjects

airplane | contrail | aircraft | aviation | nasa | aerospace | xplane | spaceflight | x15 | thiokol | naa | nationalaeronauticsandspaceadministration | rocketplane | northamericanaviation | mannedspaceflight | northamericanx15 | xlr99 | experimentalflight | x15a | reactionmotors | reactionmotorsxlr99

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