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11.948 The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq (MIT) 11.948 The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq (MIT)

Description

This course is being offered in conjunction with the colloquium The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq, which is sponsored by MIT’s Center for International Studies and Department of Urban Studies and Planning. Fundamentally, the course focuses on contemporary post-conflict countries (or in-conflict countries) and the role of planning and reconstruction in building nations, mitigating conflicts, reshaping the social, spatial, geopolitical, and political life, and determining the country’s future. This course is being offered in conjunction with the colloquium The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq, which is sponsored by MIT’s Center for International Studies and Department of Urban Studies and Planning. Fundamentally, the course focuses on contemporary post-conflict countries (or in-conflict countries) and the role of planning and reconstruction in building nations, mitigating conflicts, reshaping the social, spatial, geopolitical, and political life, and determining the country’s future.

Subjects

planning | planning | politics | politics | post-conflict reconstruction | post-conflict reconstruction | Marshall Plan | Marshall Plan | reconstruction of Japan | reconstruction of Japan | Bosnia and Herzegovina | Bosnia and Herzegovina | September 11 reconstruction | September 11 reconstruction | Iraq politics and society | Iraq politics and society | post-war planning | post-war planning | building democracy | building democracy | international organizations | international organizations | Iraqi-Arab discourse | Iraqi-Arab discourse | vision | vision | stability | stability | resistance | resistance

License

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11.948 The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq (MIT)

Description

This course is being offered in conjunction with the colloquium The Politics of Reconstructing Iraq, which is sponsored by MIT’s Center for International Studies and Department of Urban Studies and Planning. Fundamentally, the course focuses on contemporary post-conflict countries (or in-conflict countries) and the role of planning and reconstruction in building nations, mitigating conflicts, reshaping the social, spatial, geopolitical, and political life, and determining the country’s future.

Subjects

planning | politics | post-conflict reconstruction | Marshall Plan | reconstruction of Japan | Bosnia and Herzegovina | September 11 reconstruction | Iraq politics and society | post-war planning | building democracy | international organizations | Iraqi-Arab discourse | vision | stability | resistance

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.488 Urban Development in Conflict Cities: Planning Challenges and Policy Innovations (MIT) 11.488 Urban Development in Conflict Cities: Planning Challenges and Policy Innovations (MIT)

Description

Economic, religious, gender, and ethnic differences must be negotiated every day in the urban arena. When tensions and conflict escalate into violence, the urban space becomes the battlespace in which these tensions are negotiated. This course examines urban development challenges in conflict cities through multiple disciplinary perspectives on urban conflict. This course also reviews literature that focuses on when violence and cities intersect. Students will learn about policy innovations, and study potential planning, design, and policy solutions. Economic, religious, gender, and ethnic differences must be negotiated every day in the urban arena. When tensions and conflict escalate into violence, the urban space becomes the battlespace in which these tensions are negotiated. This course examines urban development challenges in conflict cities through multiple disciplinary perspectives on urban conflict. This course also reviews literature that focuses on when violence and cities intersect. Students will learn about policy innovations, and study potential planning, design, and policy solutions.

Subjects

policy | policy | government | government | conflict | conflict | development | development | war | war | ethnic conflict | ethnic conflict | religious conflict | religious conflict | violence | violence | urban security | urban security | conflict zones | conflict zones | military | military | slums | slums | gender | gender | gangs | gangs | peace | peace | reconstruction | reconstruction

License

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11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT) 11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT)

Description

This course will explore the mutual influences of ideas of nature, theories of city design and planning, and practices of urban design, construction, and management. We will investigate how natural processes shape urban landscapes (from the scale of street corner to region) and how to intervene strategically in those processes in order to achieve certain goals. We will examine cases of cities that adapted successfully to natural processes and those that did not. Students will then have the opportunity to research a case of their choice and to present their findings for discussion. The subject may be historical or an an example of contemporary theory and practice. Additional information is also available at Professor Spirn's class website. This course will explore the mutual influences of ideas of nature, theories of city design and planning, and practices of urban design, construction, and management. We will investigate how natural processes shape urban landscapes (from the scale of street corner to region) and how to intervene strategically in those processes in order to achieve certain goals. We will examine cases of cities that adapted successfully to natural processes and those that did not. Students will then have the opportunity to research a case of their choice and to present their findings for discussion. The subject may be historical or an an example of contemporary theory and practice. Additional information is also available at Professor Spirn's class website.

Subjects

urban nature | urban nature | city design | city design | urban design | urban design | environmental design | environmental design | landscape architecture | landscape architecture | boston | boston | ma | ma | philadelphia | philadelphia | pa | pa | earth | earth | water | water | air | air | urban biome | urban biome | community building | community building | environmental reconstruction | environmental reconstruction | new orleans | new orleans | la | la | environmental restoration | environmental restoration

License

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4.001J CityScope: New Orleans (MIT) 4.001J CityScope: New Orleans (MIT)

Description

Do you want to think about ways to help solve New Orleans' problems? CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city. "Problem solving in complex (urban) environments" is different than "solving complex problems." As a member of a team, you will learn to assess scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. A visit to New Orleans is planned for spring break 2007. Do you want to think about ways to help solve New Orleans' problems? CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city. "Problem solving in complex (urban) environments" is different than "solving complex problems." As a member of a team, you will learn to assess scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. A visit to New Orleans is planned for spring break 2007.

Subjects

new orleans | new orleans | hurricane katrina | hurricane katrina | flooding | flooding | rebuilding | rebuilding | problem-solving | problem-solving | future of the city | future of the city | city footprint | city footprint | natural disaster | natural disaster | housing | housing | urban reconstruction | urban reconstruction | bring new orleans back commission | bring new orleans back commission | disaster recovery | disaster recovery | flood protection | flood protection | parks and open spaces | parks and open spaces | lower ninth ward restoration | lower ninth ward restoration | city design | city design | sustainable city | sustainable city | sustainable new orleans | sustainable new orleans | public housing | public housing | urban ecology | urban ecology | urban infrastructure | urban infrastructure | port of new orleans | port of new orleans | louisiana | louisiana

License

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21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT) 21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT)

Description

This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods. This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods.

Subjects

united states | united states | history | history | contemporary | contemporary | post-reconstruction | post-reconstruction | literature | literature | twentieth century | twentieth century | nineteen century | nineteen century | immigration | immigration | urbanization | urbanization | populism | populism | progressivism | progressivism | modern american culture | modern american culture | depression | depression | world war | world war | new dea | new dea | politics | politics | new deal | new deal | american history | american history | political | political | culture | culture | cultural | cultural | social | social | economic | economic | 21H.952 | 21H.952 | STS.410 | STS.410

License

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24.952 Advanced Syntax (MIT) 24.952 Advanced Syntax (MIT)

Description

This course is a continuation of 24.951. This semester the course topics of interest include movement, phrase structure, and the architecture of the grammar. This course is a continuation of 24.951. This semester the course topics of interest include movement, phrase structure, and the architecture of the grammar.

Subjects

Sytax | Sytax | movement | movement | phrase structure | phrase structure | architecture of the grammar | architecture of the grammar | A-bar phenomena | A-bar phenomena | logical form | logical form | reconstruction | reconstruction | gapping | gapping | Wh-movement | Wh-movement | phases | phases | barriers | barriers | superiority | superiority

License

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24.946 Linguistic Theory and the Japanese Language (MIT) 24.946 Linguistic Theory and the Japanese Language (MIT)

Description

This course is a detailed examination of the grammar of Japanese and its structure which is significantly different from English, with special emphasis on problems of interest in the study of linguistic universals. Data from a broad group of languages is studied for comparison with Japanese. This course assumes familiarity with linguistic theory. This course is a detailed examination of the grammar of Japanese and its structure which is significantly different from English, with special emphasis on problems of interest in the study of linguistic universals. Data from a broad group of languages is studied for comparison with Japanese. This course assumes familiarity with linguistic theory.

Subjects

Linguistics | Linguistics | Linguistic Theory | Linguistic Theory | Japanese | Japanese | Language | Language | theoretical linguistics | theoretical linguistics | A-positions | A-positions | A-chains | A-chains | A'-positions | A'-positions | A'-chains | A'-chains | Double-object construction | Double-object construction | Possessor raising | Possessor raising | locational verbs | locational verbs | Binding | Binding | External argument | External argument | causative construction | causative construction | reconstruction | reconstruction | word-order permutation | word-order permutation

License

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21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT) 21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT)

Description

This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods. This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods.

Subjects

united states | united states | history | history | contemporary | contemporary | post-reconstruction | post-reconstruction | literature | literature | twentieth century | twentieth century | nineteen century | nineteen century | immigration | immigration | urbanization | urbanization | populism | populism | progressivism | progressivism | modern american culture | modern american culture | depression | depression | world war | world war | new dea | new dea | politics | politics | new deal | new deal | american history | american history | political | political | culture | culture | cultural | cultural | social | social | economic | economic | 21H.952 | 21H.952 | STS.410 | STS.410

License

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17.478 Great Power Military Intervention (MIT) 17.478 Great Power Military Intervention (MIT)

Description

This course examines systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions, and candidate military interventions, into civil wars from the 1990s to the present. These civil wars did not easily fit into the traditional category of vital interest. These interventions may therefore tell us something about broad trends in international politics including the nature of unipolarity, the erosion of sovereignty, the security implications of globalization, and the nature of modern western military power. This course examines systematically, and comparatively, great and middle power military interventions, and candidate military interventions, into civil wars from the 1990s to the present. These civil wars did not easily fit into the traditional category of vital interest. These interventions may therefore tell us something about broad trends in international politics including the nature of unipolarity, the erosion of sovereignty, the security implications of globalization, and the nature of modern western military power.

Subjects

military intervention | military intervention | post Cold War | post Cold War | internal conflict | internal conflict | Kurds | Kurds | Iraq | Iraq | Somalia | Somalia | Bosnia | Bosnia | Serbia | Serbia | Kosovo | Kosovo | Libya | Libya | Rwanda | Rwanda | Darfur | Darfur | Sudan | Sudan | United States | United States | civil war | civil war | political strategies | political strategies | failing states | failing states | foreign policy | foreign policy | NATO | NATO | genocide | genocide | refugee | refugee | sanctions | sanctions | political reconstruction | political reconstruction | peacekeeping | peacekeeping | humanitarian intervention | humanitarian intervention | the Balkans | the Balkans | Gaddafi | Gaddafi | preventive diplomacy | preventive diplomacy

License

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18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT) 18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT)

Description

Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications. Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications.

Subjects

Discrete-time filters | Discrete-time filters | convolution | convolution | Fourier transform | Fourier transform | owpass and highpass filters | owpass and highpass filters | Sampling rate change operations | Sampling rate change operations | upsampling and downsampling | upsampling and downsampling | ractional sampling | ractional sampling | interpolation | interpolation | Filter Banks | Filter Banks | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | perfect reconstruction | perfect reconstruction | halfband filters and possible factorizations | halfband filters and possible factorizations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Noble identities | Noble identities | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | polyphase examples | polyphase examples | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Orthogonal filter banks | Orthogonal filter banks | paraunitary matrices | paraunitary matrices | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | Maxflat filters | Maxflat filters | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Spectral factorization | Spectral factorization | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | requirements for MRA | requirements for MRA | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | Refinement equation | Refinement equation | iterative and recursive solution techniques | iterative and recursive solution techniques | infinite product formula | infinite product formula | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | Orthogonal wavelet bases | Orthogonal wavelet bases | connection to orthogonal filters | connection to orthogonal filters | orthogonality in the frequency domain | orthogonality in the frequency domain | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | vanishing moments | vanishing moments | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | Smoothness of wavelet bases | Smoothness of wavelet bases | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | splines | splines | Bases vs. frames | Bases vs. frames | Signal and image processing | Signal and image processing | finite length signals | finite length signals | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | wavelet compression algorithms | wavelet compression algorithms | Lifting | Lifting | ladder structure for filter banks | ladder structure for filter banks | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | lifting form of refinement equationSec | lifting form of refinement equationSec | Wavelets and subdivision | Wavelets and subdivision | nonuniform grids | nonuniform grids | multiresolution for triangular meshes | multiresolution for triangular meshes | representation and compression of surfaces | representation and compression of surfaces | Numerical solution of PDEs | Numerical solution of PDEs | Galerkin approximation | Galerkin approximation | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | convergence | convergence | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Compression and convergence estimates | Compression and convergence estimates | M-band wavelets | M-band wavelets | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | Multiwavelets | Multiwavelets

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DG3535 Applications of Signal Processing and Conditioning

Description

This unit is designed to enable candidates to know, understand and apply a number of signal processing techniques to the solution of filtering and control problems for implementation on a digital signal processor (DSP), microprocessor or microcontroller based system. Outcome 1 has been written to introduce the principles of sampling and reconstruction, and through practical experiment deduce the requirement for anti-aliasing and reconstruction filters. Outcome 2 then introduces a variety of approaches to digital filtering, and includes integration and differentiation, which are required later. Outcome 3 applies signal processing techniques to three-term control. On completion of this unit candidates should be able to: 1. demonstrate an understanding of the process of signal sampling and it

Subjects

DG35 35 | Decibels | Bandwidth | Frequency spectrum | Sampling | reconstruction | Signal reconstruction | Aliasing | Anti-aliasing filters | Normalisation | FIR Filters | IIR filters | IIR program design | Differentiators | Integrators | SCQF Level 8

License

Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Scottish Qualification Authority (SQA), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG) and SQA, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17761/LicenceSQAMaterialsCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 SQA SQA

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11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT) 11.308J Advanced Seminar: Urban Nature and City Design (MIT)

Description

This course explores the urban environment as a natural phenomenon, human habitat, medium of expression, and forum for action. The course has several major themes: how ideas of nature influence the way cities are perceived, designed, built, and managed; how natural processes and urban form interact and the consequences for human health and welfare; how planners and designers can shape the urban natural environment. Each student researches and presents a case, either historical or an example of contemporary theory and practice. This course explores the urban environment as a natural phenomenon, human habitat, medium of expression, and forum for action. The course has several major themes: how ideas of nature influence the way cities are perceived, designed, built, and managed; how natural processes and urban form interact and the consequences for human health and welfare; how planners and designers can shape the urban natural environment. Each student researches and presents a case, either historical or an example of contemporary theory and practice.

Subjects

urban nature | urban nature | city design | city design | urban design | urban design | boston | ma | boston | ma | environmental design | environmental design | landscape architecture | landscape architecture | philadelphia | pa | philadelphia | pa | earth | earth | water | water | air | air | urban biome | urban biome | community building | community building | environmental reconstruction | environmental reconstruction | new orleans | la | new orleans | la | environmental restoration | environmental restoration

License

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12.103 Science and Policy of Natural Hazards (MIT) 12.103 Science and Policy of Natural Hazards (MIT)

Description

This course examines the science of natural catastrophes such as earthquakes and hurricanes and explores the relationships between the science of and policy toward such hazards. It presents the causes and effects of these phenomena, discusses their predictability, and examines how this knowledge influences policy making. This course includes intensive practice in the writing and presentation of scientific research and summaries for policy makers. This course examines the science of natural catastrophes such as earthquakes and hurricanes and explores the relationships between the science of and policy toward such hazards. It presents the causes and effects of these phenomena, discusses their predictability, and examines how this knowledge influences policy making. This course includes intensive practice in the writing and presentation of scientific research and summaries for policy makers.

Subjects

natural hazards | natural hazards | hazard risk assessment | hazard risk assessment | earthquake | earthquake | hurricane | hurricane | tornado | tornado | volcano | volcano | forecasting | forecasting | public policy | public policy | building codes | building codes | insurance regulation | insurance regulation | evacuation | evacuation | reconstruction | reconstruction

License

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MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT) MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT)

Description

This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ. This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ.

Subjects

audio | audio | visual | visual | video | video | A/V | A/V | digital media | digital media | digital audio | digital audio | digital video | digital video | photography | photography | digitial photography | digitial photography | spectrum | spectrum | Spectrum plot | Spectrum plot | amplitude modulation | amplitude modulation | AM | AM | Fourier series | Fourier series | frequency modulation | frequency modulation | FM | FM | orthogonality | orthogonality | Walsh functions | Walsh functions | basis sets. Sampling theorem | basis sets. Sampling theorem | aliasing | aliasing | reconstruction | reconstruction | FFT | FFT | DFT | DFT | DTFT | DTFT | z-transform | z-transform | IIR | IIR | frequency response | frequency response | filter | filter | filter response | filter response | impulse response | impulse response | noise | noise | communications system | communications system | communications theory | communications theory | information theory | information theory | communication channel | communication channel | coding | coding | error correction | error correction | DSP | DSP | signal processing | signal processing | digital signal processing | digital signal processing

License

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MAS.963 Special Topics: Computational Camera and Photography (MIT) MAS.963 Special Topics: Computational Camera and Photography (MIT)

Description

A computational camera attempts to digitally capture the essence of visual information by exploiting the synergistic combination of task-specific optics, illumination, sensors and processing. In this course we will study this emerging multi-disciplinary field at the intersection of signal processing, applied optics, computer graphics and vision, electronics, art, and online sharing through social networks. If novel cameras can be designed to sample light in radically new ways, then rich and useful forms of visual information may be recorded — beyond those present in traditional photographs. Furthermore, if computational process can be made aware of these novel imaging models, them the scene can be analyzed in higher dimensions and novel aesthetic renderings of the visual information A computational camera attempts to digitally capture the essence of visual information by exploiting the synergistic combination of task-specific optics, illumination, sensors and processing. In this course we will study this emerging multi-disciplinary field at the intersection of signal processing, applied optics, computer graphics and vision, electronics, art, and online sharing through social networks. If novel cameras can be designed to sample light in radically new ways, then rich and useful forms of visual information may be recorded — beyond those present in traditional photographs. Furthermore, if computational process can be made aware of these novel imaging models, them the scene can be analyzed in higher dimensions and novel aesthetic renderings of the visual information

Subjects

signal processing; applied optics; Computer graphics; computer vision; online photo; digital photography; digital imaging; visual art image processing | signal processing; applied optics; Computer graphics; computer vision; online photo; digital photography; digital imaging; visual art image processing | image sensor | image sensor | image reconstruction | image reconstruction | medical imaging | medical imaging | mblog | mblog | biomimetics | biomimetics | lens | lens | spectrum | spectrum | multi-spectral | multi-spectral | 3D imaging | 3D imaging | thermal imaging | thermal imaging | high-speed imaging | high-speed imaging | polarization | polarization

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STS.427 The Civil War and the Emergence of Modern America, 1861-1890 (MIT) STS.427 The Civil War and the Emergence of Modern America, 1861-1890 (MIT)

Description

Using the American Civil War as a baseline, the course considers what it means to become "modern" by exploring the war's material and manpower needs, associated key technologies, and how both influenced the United States' entrance into the age of "Big Business." Readings include material on steam transportation, telegraphic communications, arms production, naval innovation, food processing, medicine, public health, management methods, and the mass production of everything from underwear to uniforms—all essential ingredients of modernity. Students taking the graduate version must complete additional assignments. Using the American Civil War as a baseline, the course considers what it means to become "modern" by exploring the war's material and manpower needs, associated key technologies, and how both influenced the United States' entrance into the age of "Big Business." Readings include material on steam transportation, telegraphic communications, arms production, naval innovation, food processing, medicine, public health, management methods, and the mass production of everything from underwear to uniforms—all essential ingredients of modernity. Students taking the graduate version must complete additional assignments.

Subjects

civil war | civil war | modern America | modern America | Union | Union | Confederacy | Confederacy | America | America | technology | | technology | | industrial revolution | industrial revolution | secession | secession | Abraham Lincoln | Abraham Lincoln | industrialization | industrialization | Ulysses S. Grant | Ulysses S. Grant | muskets | muskets | naval history | naval history | Yankee | Yankee | railroad | railroad | telegraphy | telegraphy | medicine | | medicine | | public health | | public health | | reconstruction | | reconstruction | | Morrill Land Grant Act | Morrill Land Grant Act | Pacific Railroad Act | Pacific Railroad Act | international arms trade | international arms trade | machine tool industry | machine tool industry | modern management | modern management | labor relations | labor relations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.491 Advanced Seminar in Geology and Geochemistry: Organic Geochemistry (MIT) 12.491 Advanced Seminar in Geology and Geochemistry: Organic Geochemistry (MIT)

Description

12.491 is a seminar focusing on problems of current interest in geology and geochemistry. For Fall 2005, the topic is organic geochemistry. Lectures and readings cover recent research in the development and properties of organic matter. 12.491 is a seminar focusing on problems of current interest in geology and geochemistry. For Fall 2005, the topic is organic geochemistry. Lectures and readings cover recent research in the development and properties of organic matter.

Subjects

organic geochemistry | organic geochemistry | formation of organic matter | formation of organic matter | geobiology | geobiology | biomarkers | biomarkers | biomarker | biomarker | physiology | physiology | phylogeny | phylogeny | preservation potential | preservation potential | diagenesis | diagenesis | kerogen formation | kerogen formation | hydrocarbon generation | hydrocarbon generation | paleoreconstruction | paleoreconstruction

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT)

Description

This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ.

Subjects

audio | visual | video | A/V | digital media | digital audio | digital video | photography | digitial photography | spectrum | Spectrum plot | amplitude modulation | AM | Fourier series | frequency modulation | FM | orthogonality | Walsh functions | basis sets. Sampling theorem | aliasing | reconstruction | FFT | DFT | DTFT | z-transform | IIR | frequency response | filter | filter response | impulse response | noise | communications system | communications theory | information theory | communication channel | coding | error correction | DSP | signal processing | digital signal processing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT)

Description

This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods.

Subjects

united states | history | contemporary | post-reconstruction | literature | twentieth century | nineteen century | immigration | urbanization | populism | progressivism | modern american culture | depression | world war | new dea | politics | new deal | american history | political | culture | cultural | social | economic | 21H.952 | STS.410

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21H.952J Readings in American History Since 1877 (MIT)

Description

This seminar aims to develop a teaching knowledge of the field through extensive reading and discussion of major works. The reading covers a broad range of topics - political, economic, social, and cultural - and represents a variety of historical methods.

Subjects

united states | history | contemporary | post-reconstruction | literature | twentieth century | nineteen century | immigration | urbanization | populism | progressivism | modern american culture | depression | world war | new dea | politics | new deal | american history | political | culture | cultural | social | economic | 21H.952 | STS.410

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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4.001J CityScope: New Orleans (MIT)

Description

Do you want to think about ways to help solve New Orleans' problems? CityScope is a project-based introduction to the contemporary city. "Problem solving in complex (urban) environments" is different than "solving complex problems." As a member of a team, you will learn to assess scenarios for the purpose of formulating social, economic and design strategies to provide humane and sustainable solutions. A visit to New Orleans is planned for spring break 2007.

Subjects

new orleans | hurricane katrina | flooding | rebuilding | problem-solving | future of the city | city footprint | natural disaster | housing | urban reconstruction | bring new orleans back commission | disaster recovery | flood protection | parks and open spaces | lower ninth ward restoration | city design | sustainable city | sustainable new orleans | public housing | urban ecology | urban infrastructure | port of new orleans | louisiana

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Introduction to United States History: Reconstruction to the Present

Description

This course will introduce the student to United States history from the end of the Civil War to the present era. The student will learn about the major political, economic, and social changes that took place in America during this 150-year period. By the end of the course, the student will understand how the United States grew from a relatively weak and divided agricultural nation into a cohesive military and industrial superpower by the beginning of the twenty-first century. This free course may be completed online at any time. See course site for detailed overview and learning outcomes. (History 212)

Subjects

reconstruction | african-americans | oppression | industrialization | immigration | migration | unionization | urbanization | technology | frontier | imperialism | populist | progressive | isolationism | world war i | depression | world war ii | new deal | cold war | korean war | communism | civil rights | integration | vietnam | reagan | new world disorder | philosophical studies | V000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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STS.427 The Civil War and the Emergence of Modern America, 1861-1890 (MIT)

Description

Using the American Civil War as a baseline, the course considers what it means to become "modern" by exploring the war's material and manpower needs, associated key technologies, and how both influenced the United States' entrance into the age of "Big Business." Readings include material on steam transportation, telegraphic communications, arms production, naval innovation, food processing, medicine, public health, management methods, and the mass production of everything from underwear to uniforms—all essential ingredients of modernity. Students taking the graduate version must complete additional assignments.

Subjects

civil war | modern America | Union | Confederacy | America | technology | | industrial revolution | secession | Abraham Lincoln | industrialization | Ulysses S. Grant | muskets | naval history | Yankee | railroad | telegraphy | medicine | | public health | | reconstruction | | Morrill Land Grant Act | Pacific Railroad Act | international arms trade | machine tool industry | modern management | labor relations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Welfare reconstruction

Description

This unit examines the approach adopted by Tony Blair and New Labour to welfare reconstruction in the United Kingdom. Using extracts from speeches made by Tony Blair, you will listen to a discussion on how the Welfare State was remade by the ‘New Right’.

Subjects

society | audio | labour_party | new_labour | tony_blair | welfare_reconstruction | welfare_state | Education | X000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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