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MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT) MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT)

Description

This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ. This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ.

Subjects

audio | audio | visual | visual | video | video | A/V | A/V | digital media | digital media | digital audio | digital audio | digital video | digital video | photography | photography | digitial photography | digitial photography | spectrum | spectrum | Spectrum plot | Spectrum plot | amplitude modulation | amplitude modulation | AM | AM | Fourier series | Fourier series | frequency modulation | frequency modulation | FM | FM | orthogonality | orthogonality | Walsh functions | Walsh functions | basis sets. Sampling theorem | basis sets. Sampling theorem | aliasing | aliasing | reconstruction | reconstruction | FFT | FFT | DFT | DFT | DTFT | DTFT | z-transform | z-transform | IIR | IIR | frequency response | frequency response | filter | filter | filter response | filter response | impulse response | impulse response | noise | noise | communications system | communications system | communications theory | communications theory | information theory | information theory | communication channel | communication channel | coding | coding | error correction | error correction | DSP | DSP | signal processing | signal processing | digital signal processing | digital signal processing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.345 Survival in Extreme Conditions: The Bacterial Stress Response (MIT) 7.345 Survival in Extreme Conditions: The Bacterial Stress Response (MIT)

Description

Bacteria survive in almost all environments on Earth, including some considered extremely harsh. From the steaming hot springs of Yellowstone to the frozen tundra of the arctic to the barren deserts of Chile, microbes have been found thriving. Their tenacity to survive in such extreme and varied conditions allows them to play fundamental roles in global nutrient cycling. Microbes also cause a wide range of human diseases and can survive inhospitable conditions found in the human body. In this course, we will examine the molecular systems that bacteria use to adapt to changes in their environment. We will consider stresses commonly encountered, such as starvation, oxidative stress and heat shock, and also discuss how the adaptive responses affect the evolution of the bacteria. This course Bacteria survive in almost all environments on Earth, including some considered extremely harsh. From the steaming hot springs of Yellowstone to the frozen tundra of the arctic to the barren deserts of Chile, microbes have been found thriving. Their tenacity to survive in such extreme and varied conditions allows them to play fundamental roles in global nutrient cycling. Microbes also cause a wide range of human diseases and can survive inhospitable conditions found in the human body. In this course, we will examine the molecular systems that bacteria use to adapt to changes in their environment. We will consider stresses commonly encountered, such as starvation, oxidative stress and heat shock, and also discuss how the adaptive responses affect the evolution of the bacteria. This course

Subjects

bacteria | bacteria | microbes | microbes | signal transduction pathways | signal transduction pathways | cellular response | cellular response | model systems | model systems | Escherichia coli | Escherichia coli | Bacillus subtilis | Bacillus subtilis | oxidative stress | oxidative stress | starvation | starvation | heat shock | heat shock | dormant state | dormant state | microbial stress response | microbial stress response | bacterial genetics | bacterial genetics | microbiology | microbiology | sporulation | sporulation | sRNAs | sRNAs | histidine kinases | histidine kinases | response regulators | response regulators | mRNAs | mRNAs | RpoS | RpoS | small molecules | small molecules | efflux pumps | efflux pumps | Pseudomonas aeruginosa | Pseudomonas aeruginosa

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.31 Feedback Control Systems (MIT) 16.31 Feedback Control Systems (MIT)

Description

This course covers the fundamentals of control design and analysis using state-space methods. This includes both the practical and theoretical aspects of the topic. By the end of the course, the student should be able to design controllers using state-space methods and evaluate whether these controllers are robust. This course covers the fundamentals of control design and analysis using state-space methods. This includes both the practical and theoretical aspects of the topic. By the end of the course, the student should be able to design controllers using state-space methods and evaluate whether these controllers are robust.

Subjects

linear system response | linear system response | aircraft control | aircraft control | frequency response methods | frequency response methods | Nyquist stability theorem | Nyquist stability theorem | bode plots | bode plots | state-space systems | state-space systems | full-state feedback control | full-state feedback control | open-loop estimators | open-loop estimators | closed-loop estimators | closed-loop estimators | robustness analysis | robustness analysis | small gain theorem | small gain theorem

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HIV immunology for Vaccine Design

Description

Dr Seph Borrow tells us how her research on HIV Immunology helps design better vaccines. There is an urgent need for vaccines to combat persistent infections like HIV. Dr Seph Borrow is studying factors affecting virus control by HIV-specific CD8+ T cells, to inform the design of T cell-based HIV vaccines. She is also exploring the possibility of harnessing innate immune responses to combat HIV. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

protective immunity | immune response | hiv | innate response | protective immunity | immune response | hiv | innate response

License

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22.55J Principles of Radiation Interactions (MIT) 22.55J Principles of Radiation Interactions (MIT)

Description

The central theme of this course is the interaction of radiation with biological material. The course is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Topics will include: the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage; in vitro cell survival models; and in vivo mammalian systems. The course covers radiation therapy, radiation syndromes in humans and carcinogenesis. Environmental radiation sources on earth and in space, and aspects of radiation protection are also discussed. Examples from the current literature will be used to supplement lecture materi The central theme of this course is the interaction of radiation with biological material. The course is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Topics will include: the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage; in vitro cell survival models; and in vivo mammalian systems. The course covers radiation therapy, radiation syndromes in humans and carcinogenesis. Environmental radiation sources on earth and in space, and aspects of radiation protection are also discussed. Examples from the current literature will be used to supplement lecture materi

Subjects

Interaction of radiation with biological material | Interaction of radiation with biological material | how different types of radiation deposit energy | how different types of radiation deposit energy | secondary radiations | secondary radiations | how radiation affects cells | how radiation affects cells | biological effects | biological effects | effects of radiation on biological systems | effects of radiation on biological systems | DNA damage | DNA damage | in vitro cell survival models | in vitro cell survival models | in vivo mammalian systems | in vivo mammalian systems | radiation therapy | radiation therapy | radiation syndromes in humans | radiation syndromes in humans | carcinogenesis | carcinogenesis | Environmental radiation sources | Environmental radiation sources | radiation protection | radiation protection | cells | cells | tissues | tissues | radiation interactions | radiation interactions | radiation chemistry | radiation chemistry | LET | LET | tracks | tracks | chromosome damags | chromosome damags | in vivo | in vivo | in vitro | in vitro | cell survival curves | cell survival curves | dose response | dose response | RBE | RBE | clustered damage | clustered damage | radiation response | radiation response | tumor kinetics | tumor kinetics | tumor radiobiology | tumor radiobiology | fractionation | fractionation | protons | protons | alpha particles | alpha particles | whole body exposure | whole body exposure | chronic exposure | chronic exposure | space | space | microbeams | microbeams | radon | radon | background radiation | background radiation | 22.55 | 22.55 | HST.560 | HST.560

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT) 8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT)

Description

This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory. This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory.

Subjects

Linear response theory | Linear response theory | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Scattering experiment | Scattering experiment | f-sum rule | f-sum rule | Physics of disorder | Physics of disorder | Kubo formula for conductivity | Kubo formula for conductivity | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Scaling theory of localization | Scaling theory of localization | Mott variable range hopping | Mott variable range hopping | Superconductor | Superconductor | Transverse response | Transverse response | Landau diamagnetism | Landau diamagnetism | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Effect of disorder | Effect of disorder | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Magnetism | Magnetism | Local moment magnetism | Local moment magnetism | exchange interaction | exchange interaction | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Band magnetism | Band magnetism | Stoner theory | Stoner theory | spin density wave | spin density wave | Local moment in metals | Local moment in metals | Friedel sum rule | Friedel sum rule | Friedel-Anderson model | Friedel-Anderson model | Kondo problem | Kondo problem | Fermi liquid theory | Fermi liquid theory | Electron Green?s function | Electron Green?s function

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.304 Undergraduate Seminar in Discrete Mathematics (MIT) 18.304 Undergraduate Seminar in Discrete Mathematics (MIT)

Description

This course is a student-presented seminar in combinatorics, graph theory, and discrete mathematics in general. Instruction and practice in written and oral communication is emphasized, with participants reading and presenting papers from recent mathematics literature and writing a final paper in a related topic. This course is a student-presented seminar in combinatorics, graph theory, and discrete mathematics in general. Instruction and practice in written and oral communication is emphasized, with participants reading and presenting papers from recent mathematics literature and writing a final paper in a related topic.

Subjects

discrete math; discrete mathematics; discrete; math; mathematics; seminar; presentations; student presentations; oral; communication; stable marriage; dych; emergency; response vehicles; ambulance; game theory; congruences; color theorem; four color; cake cutting; algorithm; RSA; encryption; numberical integration; sorting; post correspondence problem; PCP; ramsey; van der waals; fibonacci; recursion; domino; tiling; towers; hanoi; pigeonhole; principle; matrix; hamming; code; hat game; juggling; zero-knowledge; proof; repeated games; lewis carroll; determinants; infinitude of primes; bridges; konigsberg; koenigsberg; time series analysis; GARCH; rational; recurrence; relations; digital; image; compression; quantum computing | discrete math; discrete mathematics; discrete; math; mathematics; seminar; presentations; student presentations; oral; communication; stable marriage; dych; emergency; response vehicles; ambulance; game theory; congruences; color theorem; four color; cake cutting; algorithm; RSA; encryption; numberical integration; sorting; post correspondence problem; PCP; ramsey; van der waals; fibonacci; recursion; domino; tiling; towers; hanoi; pigeonhole; principle; matrix; hamming; code; hat game; juggling; zero-knowledge; proof; repeated games; lewis carroll; determinants; infinitude of primes; bridges; konigsberg; koenigsberg; time series analysis; GARCH; rational; recurrence; relations; digital; image; compression; quantum computing | discrete math | discrete math | discrete mathematics | discrete mathematics | discrete | discrete | math | math | mathematics | mathematics | seminar | seminar | presentations | presentations | student presentations | student presentations | oral | oral | communication | communication | stable marriage | stable marriage | dych | dych | emergency | emergency | response vehicles | response vehicles | ambulance | ambulance | game theory | game theory | congruences | congruences | color theorem | color theorem | four color | four color | cake cutting | cake cutting | algorithm | algorithm | RSA | RSA | encryption | encryption | numberical integration | numberical integration | sorting | sorting | post correspondence problem | post correspondence problem | PCP | PCP | ramsey | ramsey | van der waals | van der waals | fibonacci | fibonacci | recursion | recursion | domino | domino | tiling | tiling | towers | towers | hanoi | hanoi | pigeonhole | pigeonhole | principle | principle | matrix | matrix | hamming | hamming | code | code | hat game | hat game | juggling | juggling | zero-knowledge | zero-knowledge | proof | proof | repeated games | repeated games | lewis carroll | lewis carroll | determinants | determinants | infinitude of primes | infinitude of primes | bridges | bridges | konigsberg | konigsberg | koenigsberg | koenigsberg | time series analysis | time series analysis | GARCH | GARCH | rational | rational | recurrence | recurrence | relations | relations | digital | digital | image | image | compression | compression | quantum computing | quantum computing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT) 8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT)

Description

This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory. This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory.

Subjects

Linear response theory | Linear response theory | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Scattering experiment | Scattering experiment | f-sum rule | f-sum rule | Physics of disorder | Physics of disorder | Kubo formula for conductivity | Kubo formula for conductivity | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Scaling theory of localization | Scaling theory of localization | Mott variable range hopping | Mott variable range hopping | Superconductor | Superconductor | Transverse response | Transverse response | Landau diamagnetism | Landau diamagnetism | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Effect of disorder | Effect of disorder | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Magnetism | Magnetism | Local moment magnetism | Local moment magnetism | exchange interaction | exchange interaction | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Band magnetism | Band magnetism | Stoner theory | Stoner theory | spin density wave | spin density wave | Local moment in metals | Local moment in metals | Friedel sum rule | Friedel sum rule | Friedel-Anderson model | Friedel-Anderson model | Kondo problem | Kondo problem | Fermi liquid theory | Fermi liquid theory | Electron Green?s function | Electron Green?s function

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HIV immunology for Vaccine Design

Description

Dr Seph Borrow tells us how her research on HIV Immunology helps design better vaccines. There is an urgent need for vaccines to combat persistent infections like HIV. Dr Seph Borrow is studying factors affecting virus control by HIV-specific CD8+ T cells, to inform the design of T cell-based HIV vaccines. She is also exploring the possibility of harnessing innate immune responses to combat HIV. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

protective immunity | immune response | hiv | innate response | protective immunity | immune response | hiv | innate response

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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18.304 Undergraduate Seminar in Discrete Mathematics (MIT) 18.304 Undergraduate Seminar in Discrete Mathematics (MIT)

Description

This course is a student-presented seminar in combinatorics, graph theory, and discrete mathematics in general. Instruction and practice in written and oral communication is emphasized, with participants reading and presenting papers from recent mathematics literature and writing a final paper in a related topic. This course is a student-presented seminar in combinatorics, graph theory, and discrete mathematics in general. Instruction and practice in written and oral communication is emphasized, with participants reading and presenting papers from recent mathematics literature and writing a final paper in a related topic.

Subjects

discrete math; discrete mathematics; discrete; math; mathematics; seminar; presentations; student presentations; oral; communication; stable marriage; dych; emergency; response vehicles; ambulance; game theory; congruences; color theorem; four color; cake cutting; algorithm; RSA; encryption; numberical integration; sorting; post correspondence problem; PCP; ramsey; van der waals; fibonacci; recursion; domino; tiling; towers; hanoi; pigeonhole; principle; matrix; hamming; code; hat game; juggling; zero-knowledge; proof; repeated games; lewis carroll; determinants; infinitude of primes; bridges; konigsberg; koenigsberg; time series analysis; GARCH; rational; recurrence; relations; digital; image; compression; quantum computing | discrete math; discrete mathematics; discrete; math; mathematics; seminar; presentations; student presentations; oral; communication; stable marriage; dych; emergency; response vehicles; ambulance; game theory; congruences; color theorem; four color; cake cutting; algorithm; RSA; encryption; numberical integration; sorting; post correspondence problem; PCP; ramsey; van der waals; fibonacci; recursion; domino; tiling; towers; hanoi; pigeonhole; principle; matrix; hamming; code; hat game; juggling; zero-knowledge; proof; repeated games; lewis carroll; determinants; infinitude of primes; bridges; konigsberg; koenigsberg; time series analysis; GARCH; rational; recurrence; relations; digital; image; compression; quantum computing | discrete math | discrete math | discrete mathematics | discrete mathematics | discrete | discrete | math | math | mathematics | mathematics | seminar | seminar | presentations | presentations | student presentations | student presentations | oral | oral | communication | communication | stable marriage | stable marriage | dych | dych | emergency | emergency | response vehicles | response vehicles | ambulance | ambulance | game theory | game theory | congruences | congruences | color theorem | color theorem | four color | four color | cake cutting | cake cutting | algorithm | algorithm | RSA | RSA | encryption | encryption | numberical integration | numberical integration | sorting | sorting | post correspondence problem | post correspondence problem | PCP | PCP | ramsey | ramsey | van der waals | van der waals | fibonacci | fibonacci | recursion | recursion | domino | domino | tiling | tiling | towers | towers | hanoi | hanoi | pigeonhole | pigeonhole | principle | principle | matrix | matrix | hamming | hamming | code | code | hat game | hat game | juggling | juggling | zero-knowledge | zero-knowledge | proof | proof | repeated games | repeated games | lewis carroll | lewis carroll | determinants | determinants | infinitude of primes | infinitude of primes | bridges | bridges | konigsberg | konigsberg | koenigsberg | koenigsberg | time series analysis | time series analysis | GARCH | GARCH | rational | rational | recurrence | recurrence | relations | relations | digital | digital | image | image | compression | compression | quantum computing | quantum computing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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RES.6-008 Digital Signal Processing (MIT) RES.6-008 Digital Signal Processing (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course was developed in 1987 by the MIT Center for Advanced Engineering Studies. It was designed as a distance-education course for engineers and scientists in the workplace. Advances in integrated circuit technology have had a major impact on the technical areas to which digital signal processing techniques and hardware are being applied. A thorough understanding of digital signal processing fundamentals and techniques is essential for anyone whose work is concerned with signal processing applications. Digital Signal Processing begins with a discussion of the analysis and representation of discrete-time signal systems, including discrete-time convolution, difference equations, the z-transform, and the discrete-time Fourier transform. Emphasi Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course was developed in 1987 by the MIT Center for Advanced Engineering Studies. It was designed as a distance-education course for engineers and scientists in the workplace. Advances in integrated circuit technology have had a major impact on the technical areas to which digital signal processing techniques and hardware are being applied. A thorough understanding of digital signal processing fundamentals and techniques is essential for anyone whose work is concerned with signal processing applications. Digital Signal Processing begins with a discussion of the analysis and representation of discrete-time signal systems, including discrete-time convolution, difference equations, the z-transform, and the discrete-time Fourier transform. Emphasi

Subjects

discrete-time signals and systems | discrete-time signals and systems | convolution difference equations | convolution difference equations | z-transform | z-transform | digital network structure | digital network structure | recursive infinite impulse response | recursive infinite impulse response | nonrecursive finite impulse response | nonrecursive finite impulse response | digital filter design | digital filter design | fast Fourier transform algorithm | fast Fourier transform algorithm | discrete Fourier transform | discrete Fourier transform

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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MAS.160 Signals, Systems and Information for Media Technology (MIT)

Description

This class teaches the fundamentals of signals and information theory with emphasis on modeling audio/visual messages and physiologically derived signals, and the human source or recipient. Topics include linear systems, difference equations, Z-transforms, sampling and sampling rate conversion, convolution, filtering, modulation, Fourier analysis, entropy, noise, and Shannon's fundamental theorems. Additional topics may include data compression, filter design, and feature detection. The undergraduate subject MAS.160 meets with the two half-semester graduate subjects MAS.510 and MAS.511, but assignments differ.

Subjects

audio | visual | video | A/V | digital media | digital audio | digital video | photography | digitial photography | spectrum | Spectrum plot | amplitude modulation | AM | Fourier series | frequency modulation | FM | orthogonality | Walsh functions | basis sets. Sampling theorem | aliasing | reconstruction | FFT | DFT | DTFT | z-transform | IIR | frequency response | filter | filter response | impulse response | noise | communications system | communications theory | information theory | communication channel | coding | error correction | DSP | signal processing | digital signal processing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Readme file for Distributed Web Systems

Description

This readme file contains details of links to all the Distributed Web Systems module's material held on Jorum and information about the module as well.

Subjects

ukoer | web system tutorial | distributed system tutorial | web systems tutorial | distributed system lecture | web systems lecture | web system lecture | introduction to distributed systems lecture | interprocess communications | tomcat reading material | distributed systems architecture | interprocess communications lecture | distributed systems architecture quiz | web systems | distributed system | web system | servlets practical | distributed systems lecture | servlets tutorial | distributed systems quiz | java networking practical | distributed objects and remote method invocation lecture | distributed objects and rmi quiz | time and global state lecture | distributed systems architectures | distributed web systems | distributed web system | remote methods invocation practical | distributed systems | java servlet | transactions and currency control quiz | coordination and agreement lecture | coordination and agreement quiz | time control practical | replication lecture | java servlets | election algorithms practical | mvc approach practical | introduction to distributed web systems | distributed file systems lecture | cookies tutorial | session tracking tutorial | distributed objects lecture | web system quiz | distributed system quiz | web system practical | distributed web systems practical | distributed web system practical | distributed web system quiz | interprocess communication practical | distributed systems tutorial | distributed system practical | distributed web systems tutorial | distributed web systems lecture | distributed web systems quiz | distributed systems practical | java servlet practical | java servlets practical | interprocess communication quiz | distributed systems architectures quiz | distributed objects | distributed systems architecture lecture | distributed web system lecture | java servlet reading material | web system reading material | java servlets reading material | web systems reading material | distributed web systems reading material | distributed web system reading material | v | introduction to distributed web systems lecture | java servlets lecture | distributed web system tutorial | cookies and session tracking tutorial | distributed object lecture | distributed objects and remote method invocation practical | remote method invocation lecture | web systems quiz | fundamental models in distributed systems quiz | interprocess communications practical | web systems practical | request data tutorial | response data tutorial | servlet tutorial | java servlets tutorial | fundamental models in distributed systems lecture | interprocess communications quiz | interprocess communication lecture | distributed systems architectures lecture | distributed system reading material | distributed systems reading material | java servlet lecture | distributed objects quiz | remote method invocation quiz | distributed objects and remote method invocation quiz | distributed object quiz | fundamental models in distributed systems practical | time and global states lecture | java server pages tutorial | java server page tutorial | jsp tutorial | time and global state quiz | time and global states quiz | remote method invocation practical | distributed objects practical | distributed object practical | transactions and currency control lecture | transaction lecture | concurrency lecture | concurrency control lecture | transaction quiz | concurrency quiz | concurrency control quiz | request data practical | response data practical | servlet practical | cookies practical | session tracking practical | cookies and session tracking practical | time and global state practical | time and global states practical | java server pages practical | java server page practical | jsp practical | java beans tutorial | replication quiz | p2p lecture | peer to peer systems lecture | peer to peer system lecture | model-view-controller architecture tutorial | p2p quiz | peer to peer systems quiz | peer to peer system quiz | coordination and agreement practical | java beans practical | name services lecture | name service lecture | name services quiz | name service quiz | model-view-controller architecture practical | web services lecture | semantic web lecture | web services quiz | semantic web quiz | web services practical | semantic web practical | distributed file systems quiz | interprocess communication | fundamental models in distributed systems | request data | response data | servlet | remote method invocation | distributed objects and remote method invocation | distributed object | cookies | session tracking | cookies and session tracking | time and global state | time and global states | java server pages | java server page | jsp | transactions and currency control | transaction | concurrency | concurrency control | coordination and agreement | replication | java beans | p2p | peer to peer systems | peer to peer system | model-view-controller architecture | name services | name service | web services | semantic web | distributed file systems | jdbc tutorial | java database connectivity tutorial | jdbc practical | java database connectivity practical | jdbc | java database connectivity | Computer science | I100

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.345 Survival in Extreme Conditions: The Bacterial Stress Response (MIT)

Description

Bacteria survive in almost all environments on Earth, including some considered extremely harsh. From the steaming hot springs of Yellowstone to the frozen tundra of the arctic to the barren deserts of Chile, microbes have been found thriving. Their tenacity to survive in such extreme and varied conditions allows them to play fundamental roles in global nutrient cycling. Microbes also cause a wide range of human diseases and can survive inhospitable conditions found in the human body. In this course, we will examine the molecular systems that bacteria use to adapt to changes in their environment. We will consider stresses commonly encountered, such as starvation, oxidative stress and heat shock, and also discuss how the adaptive responses affect the evolution of the bacteria. This course

Subjects

bacteria | microbes | signal transduction pathways | cellular response | model systems | Escherichia coli | Bacillus subtilis | oxidative stress | starvation | heat shock | dormant state | microbial stress response | bacterial genetics | microbiology | sporulation | sRNAs | histidine kinases | response regulators | mRNAs | RpoS | small molecules | efflux pumps | Pseudomonas aeruginosa

License

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5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

5.74 explores time-dependent quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Topics covered include: perturbation theory, two-level systems, light-matter interactions, relaxation in quantum systems, correlation functions and linear response theory, and nonlinear spectroscopy. The instructor would like to acknowledge Anne Hudson for assisting in preparation of the 5.74 notes. 5.74 explores time-dependent quantum mechanics and spectroscopy. Topics covered include: perturbation theory, two-level systems, light-matter interactions, relaxation in quantum systems, correlation functions and linear response theory, and nonlinear spectroscopy. The instructor would like to acknowledge Anne Hudson for assisting in preparation of the 5.74 notes.

Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopy

License

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16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT) 16.225 Computational Mechanics of Materials (MIT)

Description

16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is 16.225 is a graduate level course on Computational Mechanics of Materials. The primary focus of this course is on the teaching of state-of-the-art numerical methods for the analysis of the nonlinear continuum response of materials. The range of material behavior considered in this course includes: linear and finite deformation elasticity, inelasticity and dynamics. Numerical formulation and algorithms include: variational formulation and variational constitutive updates, finite element discretization, error estimation, constrained problems, time integration algorithms and convergence analysis. There is a strong emphasis on the (parallel) computer implementation of algorithms in programming assignments. The application to real engineering applications and problems in engineering science is

Subjects

Computational Mechanics | Computational Mechanics | Computation | Computation | Mechanics | Mechanics | Materials | Materials | Numerical Methods | Numerical Methods | Numerical | Numerical | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Nonlinear Continuum Response | Continuum | Continuum | Deformation | Deformation | Elasticity | Elasticity | Inelasticity | Inelasticity | Dynamics | Dynamics | Variational Formulation | Variational Formulation | Variational Constitutive Updates | Variational Constitutive Updates | Finite Element | Finite Element | Discretization | Discretization | Error Estimation | Error Estimation | Constrained Problems | Constrained Problems | Time Integration | Time Integration | Convergence Analysis | Convergence Analysis | Programming | Programming | Continuum Response | Continuum Response | Computational | Computational | state-of-the-art | state-of-the-art | methods | methods | modeling | modeling | simulation | simulation | mechanical | mechanical | response | response | engineering | engineering | aerospace | aerospace | civil | civil | material | material | science | science | biomechanics | biomechanics | behavior | behavior | finite | finite | deformation | deformation | elasticity | elasticity | inelasticity | inelasticity | contact | contact | friction | friction | coupled | coupled | numerical | numerical | formulation | formulation | algorithms | algorithms | Variational | Variational | constitutive | constitutive | updates | updates | element | element | discretization | discretization | mesh | mesh | generation | generation | error | error | estimation | estimation | constrained | constrained | problems | problems | time | time | convergence | convergence | analysis | analysis | parallel | parallel | computer | computer | implementation | implementation | programming | programming | assembly | assembly | equation-solving | equation-solving | formulating | formulating | implementing | implementing | complex | complex | approximations | approximations | equations | equations | motion | motion | dynamic | dynamic | deformations | deformations | continua | continua | plasticity | plasticity | rate-dependency | rate-dependency | integration | integration

License

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5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT) 5.74 Introductory Quantum Mechanics II (MIT)

Description

This course covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles. This course covers topics in time-dependent quantum mechanics, spectroscopy, and relaxation, with an emphasis on descriptions applicable to condensed phase problems and a statistical description of ensembles.

Subjects

introductory quantum mechanics | introductory quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | time-dependent quantum mechanics | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | perturbation theory | perturbation theory | two-level systems | two-level systems | light-matter interactions | light-matter interactions | correlation functions | correlation functions | linear response theory | linear response theory | nonlinear spectroscopy | nonlinear spectroscopy

License

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8.512 Theory of Solids II (MIT)

Description

This is the second term of a theoretical treatment of the physics of solids. Topics covered include linear response theory; the physics of disorder; superconductivity; the local moment and itinerant magnetism; the Kondo problem and Fermi liquid theory.

Subjects

Linear response theory | Fluctuation dissipation theorem | Scattering experiment | f-sum rule | Physics of disorder | Kubo formula for conductivity | Conductance and sensitivity to boundary conditions | Scaling theory of localization | Mott variable range hopping | Superconductor | Transverse response | Landau diamagnetism | Microscopic derivation of London equation | Effect of disorder | Quasiparticles and coherence factors | Tunneling and Josephson effect | Magnetism | Local moment magnetism | exchange interaction | Ferro- and anti-ferro magnet and spin wave theory | Band magnetism | Stoner theory | spin density wave | Local moment in metals | Friedel sum rule | Friedel-Anderson model | Kondo problem | Fermi liquid theory | Electron Green?s function

License

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Outbreak, the clinical research response

Description

Dr Gail Carson is Head of ISARIC Coordinating Centre (International Severe Acute Respiratory and Emerging Infection Consortium), a network of networks established in 2011 to ensure a rapid research response to outbreaks of pandemic potential. A quick and efficient response to an outbreak requires strong central communication and coordination. Information needs to be shared quickly and then fed into patient care and policy. A wider approach, cutting across disciplines and specialities, helps limit the number of infected people and the impact on the economy. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

clinical research | outbreak | network | pandemics | response | communication | data sharing | clinical research | outbreak | network | pandemics | response | communication | data sharing

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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6.002 Circuits and Electronics (MIT) 6.002 Circuits and Electronics (MIT)

Description

6.002 introduces the fundamentals of the lumped circuit abstraction. Topics covered include: resistive elements and networks; independent and dependent sources; switches and MOS transistors; digital abstraction; amplifiers; energy storage elements; dynamics of first- and second-order networks; design in the time and frequency domains; and analog and digital circuits and applications. Design and lab exercises are also significant components of the course. 6.002 is worth 4 Engineering Design Points. 6.002 introduces the fundamentals of the lumped circuit abstraction. Topics covered include: resistive elements and networks; independent and dependent sources; switches and MOS transistors; digital abstraction; amplifiers; energy storage elements; dynamics of first- and second-order networks; design in the time and frequency domains; and analog and digital circuits and applications. Design and lab exercises are also significant components of the course. 6.002 is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.

Subjects

circuit | circuit | electronic | electronic | abstraction | abstraction | lumped circuit | lumped circuit | digital | digital | amplifier | amplifier | differential equations | differential equations | time behavior | time behavior | energy storage | energy storage | semiconductor diode | semiconductor diode | field-effect | field-effect | field-effect transistor | field-effect transistor | resistor | resistor | source | source | inductor | inductor | capacitor | capacitor | diode | diode | series-parallel reduction | series-parallel reduction | voltage | voltage | current divider | current divider | node method | node method | linearity | linearity | superposition | superposition | Thevenin-Norton equivalent | Thevenin-Norton equivalent | power flow | power flow | Boolean algebra | Boolean algebra | binary signal | binary signal | MOSFET | MOSFET | noise margin | noise margin | singularity functions | singularity functions | sinusoidal-steady-state | sinusoidal-steady-state | impedance | impedance | frequency response curves | frequency response curves | operational amplifier | operational amplifier | Op-Amp | Op-Amp | negative feedback | negative feedback | positive feedback | positive feedback

License

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7.345 Evolution of the Immune System (MIT) 7.345 Evolution of the Immune System (MIT)

Description

In this course, evolutionary pathways that have led to the development of innate and adaptive immunity are analyzed, the conserved and unique features of the immune response from bacteria to higher vertebrates is traced, and factors, such as adaptive changes in pathogens that have shaped the evolution of immune system are identified.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. In this course, evolutionary pathways that have led to the development of innate and adaptive immunity are analyzed, the conserved and unique features of the immune response from bacteria to higher vertebrates is traced, and factors, such as adaptive changes in pathogens that have shaped the evolution of immune system are identified.This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting.

Subjects

immune system | immune system | immunology | immunology | evolution of immune system | evolution of immune system | immune defence | immune defence | phagocytosis | phagocytosis | innate immunity | innate immunity | adaptive immunity | adaptive immunity | immunological memory | immunological memory | immune response | immune response | defence mechanisms | defence mechanisms | pathogens | pathogens | self discrimination | self discrimination | non-self discrimination | non-self discrimination | recognition | recognition | immune receptors | immune receptors | antigen | antigen

License

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7.340 Ubiquitination: The Proteasome and Human Disease (MIT) 7.340 Ubiquitination: The Proteasome and Human Disease (MIT)

Description

This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. This seminar provides a deeper understanding of the post-translational mechanisms evolved by eukaryotic cells to target proteins for degradation. Students learn how proteins are recognized and degraded by specific machinery (the proteasome) through their previous tagging with another small protein, ubiquitin. Additional topics include principles of ubiquitin-proteasome function, its control of the most important cellular pathways, and the implication of this system in different human diseases. Finally, spe This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. This seminar provides a deeper understanding of the post-translational mechanisms evolved by eukaryotic cells to target proteins for degradation. Students learn how proteins are recognized and degraded by specific machinery (the proteasome) through their previous tagging with another small protein, ubiquitin. Additional topics include principles of ubiquitin-proteasome function, its control of the most important cellular pathways, and the implication of this system in different human diseases. Finally, spe

Subjects

ubiquitination | ubiquitination | ubiquitin | ubiquitin | proteasome | proteasome | post-translational mechanisms | post-translational mechanisms | ubiquitin-conjugation system | ubiquitin-conjugation system | neurodegenerative diseases | neurodegenerative diseases | immune response | immune response | cell cycle regulation | cell cycle regulation | apoptosis | apoptosis | signal transduction pathways | signal transduction pathways | tumorigenesis | tumorigenesis | protein degradation | protein degradation | Endoplasmic Reticulum Associated Degradation Pathway | Endoplasmic Reticulum Associated Degradation Pathway | ligases | ligases | translocated proteins | translocated proteins | misfolded proteins | misfolded proteins | trafficking membranes | trafficking membranes | cell cycle control | cell cycle control | programmed cell death | programmed cell death | Huntington's Disease | Huntington's Disease | Von Hippel-Lindau Disease | Von Hippel-Lindau Disease

License

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3.051J Materials for Biomedical Applications (MIT) 3.051J Materials for Biomedical Applications (MIT)

Description

This class provides an introduction to the interactions between cells and the surfaces of biomaterials. The course covers: surface chemistry and physics of selected metals, polymers, and ceramics; surface characterization methodology; modification of biomaterials surfaces; quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture; biosensors and microarrays; bulk properties of implants; and acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials. General topics include biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering. This class provides an introduction to the interactions between cells and the surfaces of biomaterials. The course covers: surface chemistry and physics of selected metals, polymers, and ceramics; surface characterization methodology; modification of biomaterials surfaces; quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture; biosensors and microarrays; bulk properties of implants; and acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials. General topics include biosensors, drug delivery, and tissue engineering.

Subjects

interactions between proteins | cells and surfaces of biomaterials | interactions between proteins | cells and surfaces of biomaterials | surface chemistry and physics of metals | polymers and ceramics | surface chemistry and physics of metals | polymers and ceramics | Surface characterization methodology | Surface characterization methodology | Quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture | Quantitative assays of cell behavior in culture | Organ replacement therapies | Organ replacement therapies | Acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials | Acute and chronic response to implanted biomaterials | biosensors | drug delivery and tissue engineering | biosensors | drug delivery and tissue engineering

License

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7.340 Immune Evasion: How Sneaky Pathogens Avoid Host Surveillance (MIT) 7.340 Immune Evasion: How Sneaky Pathogens Avoid Host Surveillance (MIT)

Description

Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation. Every infection consists of a battle between the invading pathogen and the resisting host. To be successful, a pathogen must escape the many defenses of the host immune system until it can replicate and spread to another host. A pathogen must prevent one of three stages of immune function: detection, activation, or effector function. Examples of disease-specific immune evasion and the mechanisms used by pathogens to prevail over their hosts' immune systems are discussed. Also considered is what these host-pathogen interactions reveal about the normal function of the immune system and basic cell biological processes, such as protein maturation and degradation.

Subjects

immunology | immunology | immune system | immune system | immune evasion | immune evasion | pathogen | pathogen | effector function | effector function | infections | infections | Human cytomegalovirus | Human cytomegalovirus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | Human Immunodeficiency Virus | CD4 cells | CD4 cells | CD8 cells | CD8 cells | T cells | T cells | surace receptors | surace receptors | cell lysis | cell lysis | host-pathogen interactions | host-pathogen interactions | host surveillance | host surveillance | antibodies | antibodies | MHC class I | MHC class I | blood-borne pathogens | blood-borne pathogens | macrophages | macrophages | phagocytosis | phagocytosis | endocytosis | endocytosis | degradation | degradation | antigen | antigen | apoptosis | apoptosis | cytokines | cytokines | immune response | immune response

License

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22.55J Principles of Radiation Interactions (MIT)

Description

The central theme of this course is the interaction of radiation with biological material. The course is intended to provide a broad understanding of how different types of radiation deposit energy, including the creation and behavior of secondary radiations; of how radiation affects cells and why the different types of radiation have very different biological effects. Topics will include: the effects of radiation on biological systems including DNA damage; in vitro cell survival models; and in vivo mammalian systems. The course covers radiation therapy, radiation syndromes in humans and carcinogenesis. Environmental radiation sources on earth and in space, and aspects of radiation protection are also discussed. Examples from the current literature will be used to supplement lecture materi

Subjects

Interaction of radiation with biological material | how different types of radiation deposit energy | secondary radiations | how radiation affects cells | biological effects | effects of radiation on biological systems | DNA damage | in vitro cell survival models | in vivo mammalian systems | radiation therapy | radiation syndromes in humans | carcinogenesis | Environmental radiation sources | radiation protection | cells | tissues | radiation interactions | radiation chemistry | LET | tracks | chromosome damags | in vivo | in vitro | cell survival curves | dose response | RBE | clustered damage | radiation response | tumor kinetics | tumor radiobiology | fractionation | protons | alpha particles | whole body exposure | chronic exposure | space | microbeams | radon | background radiation | 22.55 | HST.560

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