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Life Support (MIT) Life Support (MIT)

Description

Fundamentals of human performance, physiology, and life support impacting engineering design and aerospace systems. Topics include: effects of gravity on the muscle, skeletal, cardiovascular, and neurovestibular systems; human/pilot modeling and human/machine design; flight experiment design; and life support engineering for extravehicular activity (EVA). Case studies of current research are presented. Assignments include a design project, quantitative homework sets, and quizzes emphasizing engineering and systems aspects.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc. Fundamentals of human performance, physiology, and life support impacting engineering design and aerospace systems. Topics include: effects of gravity on the muscle, skeletal, cardiovascular, and neurovestibular systems; human/pilot modeling and human/machine design; flight experiment design; and life support engineering for extravehicular activity (EVA). Case studies of current research are presented. Assignments include a design project, quantitative homework sets, and quizzes emphasizing engineering and systems aspects.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc.

Subjects

physiological adaptation | physiological adaptation | weightlessness | weightlessness | human space flight | human space flight | bone mechanics | bone mechanics | muscle mechanics | muscle mechanics | musculoskeletal dynamics | musculoskeletal dynamics | cardiovascular system | cardiovascular system | neurovestibular system | neurovestibular system | extravehicular activity | extravehicular activity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.913-A Intensive Neuroanatomy (MIT) 9.913-A Intensive Neuroanatomy (MIT)

Description

The course will start with an overview of the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS and PNS), the development of their structure and major divisions. The major functional components of the CNS will then be reviewed individually. Topography, functional distribution of nerve cell bodies, ascending and descending tracts in the spinal cord. Brainstem organization and functional components, including cranial nerve nuclei, ascending / descending pathways, amine-containing cells, structure and information flow in the cerebellar and vestibular systems. Distribution of the cranial nerves, resolution of their skeletal and branchial arch components. Functional divisions of the Diencephalon and Telencephalon. The course will then continue with how these various CNS pieces and parts work together The course will start with an overview of the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS and PNS), the development of their structure and major divisions. The major functional components of the CNS will then be reviewed individually. Topography, functional distribution of nerve cell bodies, ascending and descending tracts in the spinal cord. Brainstem organization and functional components, including cranial nerve nuclei, ascending / descending pathways, amine-containing cells, structure and information flow in the cerebellar and vestibular systems. Distribution of the cranial nerves, resolution of their skeletal and branchial arch components. Functional divisions of the Diencephalon and Telencephalon. The course will then continue with how these various CNS pieces and parts work together

Subjects

peripheral nervous systems | peripheral nervous systems | CNS | CNS | PNS | PNS | structure | structure | nerve cell bodies | nerve cell bodies | ascending and descending tracts | ascending and descending tracts | spinal cord | spinal cord | brainstem | brainstem | cranial nerve nuclei | cranial nerve nuclei | ascending/descending pathways | ascending/descending pathways | amine-containing cells | amine-containing cells | cerebellar | cerebellar | vestibular systems | vestibular systems | cranial nerves | cranial nerves | skeletal and branchial arch | skeletal and branchial arch | diencephalon | diencephalon | Telencephalon | Telencephalon | Motor systems | Motor systems | motor neurons | motor neurons | motor units | motor units | medial | medial | lateral pathways | lateral pathways | sensory systems | sensory systems | visual | visual | auditory | auditory | somatosensory | somatosensory | olfaction | olfaction | limbic system | limbic system | autonomic control | autonomic control | Papez circuit | Papez circuit | neocortex | neocortex

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.423J Aerospace Biomedical and Life Support Engineering (MIT) 16.423J Aerospace Biomedical and Life Support Engineering (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to a quantitative approach to studying the problems of physiological adaptation in altered environments, especially microgravity and partial gravity environments. The course curriculum starts with an Introduction and Selected Topics, which provides background information on the physiological problems associated with human space flight, as well as reviewing terminology and key engineering concepts. Then curriculum modules on Bone Mechanics, Muscle Mechanics, Musculoskeletal Dynamics and Control, and the Cardiovascular System are presented. These modules start out with qualitative and biological information regarding the system and its adaptation, and progresses to a quantitative endpoint in which engineering methods are used to analyze specific problems and c This course introduces students to a quantitative approach to studying the problems of physiological adaptation in altered environments, especially microgravity and partial gravity environments. The course curriculum starts with an Introduction and Selected Topics, which provides background information on the physiological problems associated with human space flight, as well as reviewing terminology and key engineering concepts. Then curriculum modules on Bone Mechanics, Muscle Mechanics, Musculoskeletal Dynamics and Control, and the Cardiovascular System are presented. These modules start out with qualitative and biological information regarding the system and its adaptation, and progresses to a quantitative endpoint in which engineering methods are used to analyze specific problems and c

Subjects

physiological adaptation | physiological adaptation | weightlessness | weightlessness | human space flight | human space flight | Bone Mechanics | Bone Mechanics | Muscle Mechanics | Muscle Mechanics | Musculoskeletal Dynamics | Musculoskeletal Dynamics | Cardiovascular System | Cardiovascular System | Neurovestibular system | Neurovestibular system | extravehicular activity | extravehicular activity | 16.423 | 16.423 | HST.515 | HST.515 | ESD.65 | ESD.65

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.021 Musculoskeletal Pathophysiology (MIT) HST.021 Musculoskeletal Pathophysiology (MIT)

Description

This course covers the growth, development and structure of normal bone and joints, the biomechanics of bone connective tissues, and their response to stress, calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Additional topics include regulation by parathyroid hormone and vitamin D, the pathogenesis of metabolic bone diseases and diseases of connective tissues, joints and muscle with consideration of possible mechanisms and underlying metabolic derangements. Lecturers Dr. Paul Joseph Anderson Dr. Robert Horatio Brown, Jr. Dr. Marie Demay Dr. Stephen Martin Krane Dr. Young-Jo Kim Dr. Henry Jay Mankin Dr. Bjorn Reino Olsen Dr. John Thomas Potts Dr. Alan Lewis Schiller Dr. Brian Dale Snyder   This course covers the growth, development and structure of normal bone and joints, the biomechanics of bone connective tissues, and their response to stress, calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Additional topics include regulation by parathyroid hormone and vitamin D, the pathogenesis of metabolic bone diseases and diseases of connective tissues, joints and muscle with consideration of possible mechanisms and underlying metabolic derangements. Lecturers Dr. Paul Joseph Anderson Dr. Robert Horatio Brown, Jr. Dr. Marie Demay Dr. Stephen Martin Krane Dr. Young-Jo Kim Dr. Henry Jay Mankin Dr. Bjorn Reino Olsen Dr. John Thomas Potts Dr. Alan Lewis Schiller Dr. Brian Dale Snyder  

Subjects

musculoskeletal | musculoskeletal | bone | bone | joints | joints | connective tissue | connective tissue | biomechanics | biomechanics | muscle | muscle | metabolic bone diseases | metabolic bone diseases | calcium homeostasis | calcium homeostasis | phosphate homeostasis | phosphate homeostasis | mineralization | mineralization

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Geometría Gráfica Informática en Arquitectura I Geometría Gráfica Informática en Arquitectura I

Description

Teoría geométrica del objeto arquitectónico con herramientas informáticas. Esta asignatura se ocupa del estudio de las formas espaciales relacionadas con la arquitectura y de su representación, mediante el uso de los medios informáticos. Puede considerarse, en parte, como una profundización y ampliación de los conocimientos adquiridos por el alumno en Geometría Descriptiva; por otro lado, supone la aplicación, según los medios informáticos, de conceptos referentes a la expresión gráfica aprendidos en otras asignaturas de este mismo Área. Teoría geométrica del objeto arquitectónico con herramientas informáticas. Esta asignatura se ocupa del estudio de las formas espaciales relacionadas con la arquitectura y de su representación, mediante el uso de los medios informáticos. Puede considerarse, en parte, como una profundización y ampliación de los conocimientos adquiridos por el alumno en Geometría Descriptiva; por otro lado, supone la aplicación, según los medios informáticos, de conceptos referentes a la expresión gráfica aprendidos en otras asignaturas de este mismo Área.

Subjects

Bóveda | Bóveda | Expresión Gráfica en la Ingeniería | Expresión Gráfica en la Ingeniería | Módulo | Módulo | 3D network | 3D network | Laboratorios Jorba | Laboratorios Jorba | Modelado | Modelado | Extrusión | Extrusión | Construcciones Arquitectónicas | Construcciones Arquitectónicas | Red plana | Red plana | Mezquita Mihrimah | Mezquita Mihrimah | Orden toscano | Orden toscano | Dome | Dome | Platonic solids | Platonic solids | Dibujo | Dibujo | Booleana | Booleana | Graphic | Graphic | Solid | Solid | Dibujo 3D | Dibujo 3D | Arquitecto | Arquitecto | Architect | Architect | Poliedros semirregulares | Poliedros semirregulares | Hiperboloides | Hiperboloides | Polyhedron | Polyhedron | NURBS | NURBS | Render | Render | Malla | Malla | Computing | Computing | Ermita de la Virgen del Puerto | Ermita de la Virgen del Puerto | Surface | Surface | Particiones | Particiones | Historia del Arte | Historia del Arte | Poliedros regulares | Poliedros regulares | Red 3D | Red 3D | Choisy | Choisy | Axonometric | Axonometric | Network | Network | Pattern | Pattern | Geométrico | Geométrico | Mosque | Mosque | Spatial | Spatial | Sinan | Sinan | Red | Red | 3D | 3D | Form | Form | Perspectiva | Perspectiva | Ordenador | Ordenador | Ismael Garcia Rios | Ismael Garcia Rios | Lacería | Lacería | Paraboloides | Paraboloides | Axonometría | Axonometría | Souto de Moura | Souto de Moura | Revolve | Revolve | Kingo Houses | Kingo Houses | Santa María del Naranco | Santa María del Naranco | Pedro de Ribera | Pedro de Ribera | Regular tessellations | Regular tessellations | Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica | Expresión Gráfica Arquitectónica | Architecture | Architecture | Molina de Aragón | Molina de Aragón | Tessellations | Tessellations | Ponte de Lima | Ponte de Lima | Arabesco | Arabesco | compactación | compactación | Pantheon | Pantheon | Computer | Computer | Eduardo Torroja | Eduardo Torroja | Fernández del Amo | Fernández del Amo | Ribbed vault | Ribbed vault | Organic architecture | Organic architecture | Superficie cuádrica | Superficie cuádrica | Arquitectura | Arquitectura | Miguel Fisac | Miguel Fisac | Crecimiento orgánico | Crecimiento orgánico | Autocad | Autocad | Symmetrical polyhedra | Symmetrical polyhedra | Rhinoceros | Rhinoceros | Domical vault | Domical vault | Templete de los Evangelistas | Templete de los Evangelistas | Gráfica | Gráfica | Luigi Canina | Luigi Canina | MicroStation | MicroStation | Irregular tessellations | Irregular tessellations | Patio de los Evangelistas | Patio de los Evangelistas | Composición Arquitectónica | Composición Arquitectónica | Sabil | Sabil | Modelling | Modelling | quadric surface | quadric surface | Mesh | Mesh | Panteón | Panteón | Monasterio de El Escorial | Monasterio de El Escorial | Superficie | Superficie | Tunnel vault | Tunnel vault | Vegaviana | Vegaviana | Iglesia Santos Apóstoles | Iglesia Santos Apóstoles | Proyectos Arquitectónicos | Proyectos Arquitectónicos | Parabólicos | Parabólicos | Geometry | Geometry | Carmen Garcia Reig | Carmen Garcia Reig | Expression | Expression | Cuba hiperbólica | Cuba hiperbólica | Red espacial | Red espacial | Geometría | Geometría | skeletal polyhedra | skeletal polyhedra | Bóveda de rincón de claustro | Bóveda de rincón de claustro | Sólido | Sólido | Poliedros platónicos | Poliedros platónicos | Hiperbólicos | Hiperbólicos | Perspective | Perspective | Mimbar | Mimbar | Fedala | Fedala | Furniture | Furniture | Polygon | Polygon | Hyperbolic | Hyperbolic | Bóveda de arista | Bóveda de arista | Revolución | Revolución | Cúpula | Cúpula | Bóveda de cañón | Bóveda de cañón | Estructura | Estructura | Expresión | Expresión | Computer aided design | Computer aided design | Informática | Informática | Hollow faced polyhedra | Hollow faced polyhedra | Flexible | Flexible | Geometric | Geometric | CAD | CAD | Formas | Formas | Bóveda de crucería | Bóveda de crucería | Infografía | Infografía | Polyhedra | Polyhedra | Groin vault | Groin vault | Plane | Plane | Architectural | Architectural | Plano | Plano | Structure | Structure | Architectural drawing | Architectural drawing | Arquitectónica | Arquitectónica | Barrel vault | Barrel vault | Arabesque | Arabesque | Sombra | Sombra | Utzon | Utzon | Escher | Escher | Mueble | Mueble | Vault | Vault | Annular vault | Annular vault | Egipto | Egipto | Polígono | Polígono | Archimedean solids | Archimedean solids | Poliedros arquimedianos | Poliedros arquimedianos | Egypt | Egypt | Paraboloid | Paraboloid | Module | Module | Extrude | Extrude | Boolean | Boolean | Tuscan Order | Tuscan Order | Hyperboloid | Hyperboloid | Poliedros vacuus | Poliedros vacuus

License

Copyright 2009, by the Contributing Authors http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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Musculoskeletal system

Description

This topic starts with a description of the main functions of bone (e.g. surface for attachment). Bone composition and endochondral ossification is described and a diagram showing the stages is given. The different types of bones (e.g. short, flat) and the structure of long bones are detailed further. Diagrams showing the different regions of the spine are included. Bone modelling and remodelling are described.

Subjects

muscles | skeletal | joints | cartilage | bones | musculoskeletal system | ukoer | ooer | medev | Medicine and Dentistry | Subjects allied to Medicine | SAFETY | Learning | Teaching | Institutions | Students | UK EL10 = SCQF 10 | Honours degree | Graduate diploma | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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"What them old bones can teach us"

Description

This document contains activities for tutors to offer to students. These activities develop from the basic understanding of the ethical handling of human bone remains and develop through to the understanding of skeletal anatomy. As the activities develop, the role of foresnsic pathology of skeletal remains is examined. There are also basic activities to introduce the concepts of archaeology and context of the materials recovered in an archaeologial setting.

Subjects

forensic science | archaeology | pathology | osteology | skeletal | measurement | bone | digital | skull | sfsoer | ukoer | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/

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Muscles

Description

This topic starts with a basic introduction to muscles and an image illustrating the possible locations of the different muscle tissues. The three types of muscle tissue are described in more detail. Along with the features of muscle tissue (e.g. contractibility), the functions of these tissues (e.g. support) are discussed.

Subjects

cardiac muscle fibre | smooth muscle fibre | skeletal muscle fibre | muscle tissue | ukoer | ooer | medev | Medicine and Dentistry | Subjects allied to Medicine | SAFETY | Institutions | Students | Learning | Teaching | UK EL07 = SCQF 7 | Higher Certificate | NICAT 4 | CQFW 4 | NVQ 4 | Advanced Higher | SVQ 4 | HN Certificate | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Hulton abbey skeletal digitisation project (HASDIP2)

Description

Final report on the use of non-contact laser digitisation to capture images from fragile skeletal material for use in teaching and research. Also included are the raw data files (go to http://www.materialise.com/MiniMagics to download the free software to view these files.)

Subjects

bones | hasdip2 | skeletal | forensic science | laser | digitisation | hulton abbey | ukpsc | Physical sciences | F000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-No Derivative Works 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/2.0/uk/

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Human Anatomy

Description

This course will provide the student with an overview of the body from a systemic perspective. Each unit will focus on one system, or network of organs that work together to perform a particular function. At the end of this course, the student will review the ways in which the systems overlap, as well as discuss current body imaging techniques and learn how to correctly interpret the images in order to put our newly-gained anatomical knowledge to practical use. This free course may be completed online at any time. See course site for detailed overview and learning outcomes. (Biology 302)

Subjects

biology | anatomy | human | integumentary system | skeletal system | muscular system | nervous system | cardiovascular system | lymphatic system | respiratory system | digestive system | urinary system | endocrine system | reproductive system | Biological sciences | C000

License

Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/2.0/uk/

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DD3A34 Working with Children in a Sporting Context

Description

The unit introduces you to the various needs that children have in sport. It also introduces you to the specific requirements through the development process, adaptations to exercise and participation in sport. The unit also introduces you to the planning and delivery process of a coaching programme. 1. Identify and describe the developmental stages of children. 2. Describe the limitations of children’s body systems to physical activity. 3. Evaluate the impact of selected communication methods on the child performer. 4. Plan and implement a coaching programme.

Subjects

DD3A 34 | developmental stages of children | Physical development | Intellectual development | Social development | Emotional development | Cardio-respiratory system | Musculo-skeletal system | Energy systems | Thermo-regulatory systems | Nervous systems | Communication methods | coaching sessions | M: Sports Games and Recreation | RECREATION | SCQF Level 7

License

Copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG). None of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG). None of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only. http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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DW6034 Exercise Physiology and Anatomy

Description

This unit is intended to introduce you to the fundamental concepts of anatomy and physiology in an exercise context, helping to prepare you for your role as a fitness, health and exercise professional and for progression to higher level study.

Subjects

DW60 34 | human body | skeletal system | respiratory system | cardiovascular system | MATHEMATICS | R: Sciences and Mathematics | SCQF Level 7

License

Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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F1BN34 Complementary Therapies Anatomy and Physiology

Description

This unit is designed to enable you to develop your understanding of human anatomy and physiology. You will also be able to analyse and discuss the effects of various complementary therapies on these functions. As you work through the pack, you should also be researching your chosen therapy in relation to each of the systems of the body.

Subjects

F1BN34 | major systems of the body | specific complementary therapies | skeletal system | muscular system | SAFETY | R: Sciences and Mathematics | SCQF Level 7

License

Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Except where expressly indicated otherwise on the face of these materials (i) copyright in these materials is owned by the Colleges Open Learning Exchange Group (COLEG), and (ii) none of these materials may be Used without the express, prior, written consent of COLEG, except if and to the extent that such Use is permitted under COLEG's conditions of Contribution and Use of Learning Materials through COLEG’s Repository, for the purposes of which these materials are COLEG Materials. Licensed to colleges in Scotland only Licensed to colleges in Scotland only http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 http://content.resourceshare.ac.uk/xmlui/bitstream/handle/10949/17759/LicenceCOLEG.pdf?sequence=1 COLEG COLEG

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Life Support (MIT)

Description

Fundamentals of human performance, physiology, and life support impacting engineering design and aerospace systems. Topics include: effects of gravity on the muscle, skeletal, cardiovascular, and neurovestibular systems; human/pilot modeling and human/machine design; flight experiment design; and life support engineering for extravehicular activity (EVA). Case studies of current research are presented. Assignments include a design project, quantitative homework sets, and quizzes emphasizing engineering and systems aspects.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site.MATLAB® is a trademark of The MathWorks, Inc.

Subjects

physiological adaptation | weightlessness | human space flight | bone mechanics | muscle mechanics | musculoskeletal dynamics | cardiovascular system | neurovestibular system | extravehicular activity

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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16.423J Aerospace Biomedical and Life Support Engineering (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to a quantitative approach to studying the problems of physiological adaptation in altered environments, especially microgravity and partial gravity environments. The course curriculum starts with an Introduction and Selected Topics, which provides background information on the physiological problems associated with human space flight, as well as reviewing terminology and key engineering concepts. Then curriculum modules on Bone Mechanics, Muscle Mechanics, Musculoskeletal Dynamics and Control, and the Cardiovascular System are presented. These modules start out with qualitative and biological information regarding the system and its adaptation, and progresses to a quantitative endpoint in which engineering methods are used to analyze specific problems and c

Subjects

physiological adaptation | weightlessness | human space flight | Bone Mechanics | Muscle Mechanics | Musculoskeletal Dynamics | Cardiovascular System | Neurovestibular system | extravehicular activity | 16.423 | HST.515 | ESD.65

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.021 Musculoskeletal Pathophysiology (MIT)

Description

This course covers the growth, development and structure of normal bone and joints, the biomechanics of bone connective tissues, and their response to stress, calcium and phosphate homeostasis. Additional topics include regulation by parathyroid hormone and vitamin D, the pathogenesis of metabolic bone diseases and diseases of connective tissues, joints and muscle with consideration of possible mechanisms and underlying metabolic derangements. Lecturers Dr. Paul Joseph Anderson Dr. Robert Horatio Brown, Jr. Dr. Marie Demay Dr. Stephen Martin Krane Dr. Young-Jo Kim Dr. Henry Jay Mankin Dr. Bjorn Reino Olsen Dr. John Thomas Potts Dr. Alan Lewis Schiller Dr. Brian Dale Snyder  

Subjects

musculoskeletal | bone | joints | connective tissue | biomechanics | muscle | metabolic bone diseases | calcium homeostasis | phosphate homeostasis | mineralization

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.913-A Intensive Neuroanatomy (MIT)

Description

The course will start with an overview of the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS and PNS), the development of their structure and major divisions. The major functional components of the CNS will then be reviewed individually. Topography, functional distribution of nerve cell bodies, ascending and descending tracts in the spinal cord. Brainstem organization and functional components, including cranial nerve nuclei, ascending / descending pathways, amine-containing cells, structure and information flow in the cerebellar and vestibular systems. Distribution of the cranial nerves, resolution of their skeletal and branchial arch components. Functional divisions of the Diencephalon and Telencephalon. The course will then continue with how these various CNS pieces and parts work together

Subjects

peripheral nervous systems | CNS | PNS | structure | nerve cell bodies | ascending and descending tracts | spinal cord | brainstem | cranial nerve nuclei | ascending/descending pathways | amine-containing cells | cerebellar | vestibular systems | cranial nerves | skeletal and branchial arch | diencephalon | Telencephalon | Motor systems | motor neurons | motor units | medial | lateral pathways | sensory systems | visual | auditory | somatosensory | olfaction | limbic system | autonomic control | Papez circuit | neocortex

License

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