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18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT) 18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT)

Description

Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications. Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications.

Subjects

Discrete-time filters | Discrete-time filters | convolution | convolution | Fourier transform | Fourier transform | owpass and highpass filters | owpass and highpass filters | Sampling rate change operations | Sampling rate change operations | upsampling and downsampling | upsampling and downsampling | ractional sampling | ractional sampling | interpolation | interpolation | Filter Banks | Filter Banks | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | perfect reconstruction | perfect reconstruction | halfband filters and possible factorizations | halfband filters and possible factorizations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Noble identities | Noble identities | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | polyphase examples | polyphase examples | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Orthogonal filter banks | Orthogonal filter banks | paraunitary matrices | paraunitary matrices | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | Maxflat filters | Maxflat filters | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Spectral factorization | Spectral factorization | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | requirements for MRA | requirements for MRA | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | Refinement equation | Refinement equation | iterative and recursive solution techniques | iterative and recursive solution techniques | infinite product formula | infinite product formula | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | Orthogonal wavelet bases | Orthogonal wavelet bases | connection to orthogonal filters | connection to orthogonal filters | orthogonality in the frequency domain | orthogonality in the frequency domain | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | vanishing moments | vanishing moments | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | Smoothness of wavelet bases | Smoothness of wavelet bases | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | splines | splines | Bases vs. frames | Bases vs. frames | Signal and image processing | Signal and image processing | finite length signals | finite length signals | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | wavelet compression algorithms | wavelet compression algorithms | Lifting | Lifting | ladder structure for filter banks | ladder structure for filter banks | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | lifting form of refinement equationSec | lifting form of refinement equationSec | Wavelets and subdivision | Wavelets and subdivision | nonuniform grids | nonuniform grids | multiresolution for triangular meshes | multiresolution for triangular meshes | representation and compression of surfaces | representation and compression of surfaces | Numerical solution of PDEs | Numerical solution of PDEs | Galerkin approximation | Galerkin approximation | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | convergence | convergence | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Compression and convergence estimates | Compression and convergence estimates | M-band wavelets | M-band wavelets | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | Multiwavelets | Multiwavelets

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6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications (MIT) 6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications (MIT)

Description

This course explores electromagnetic phenomena in modern applications, including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, antennas, sensors, micro-electromechanical systems, motors, and power generation and transmission. Fundamentals covered include: quasistatic and dynamic solutions to Maxwell's equations; waves, radiation, and diffraction; coupling to media and structures; guided and unguided waves; resonance; and forces, power, and energy.The instructors of this course extend a general acknowledgment to the many students and instructors who have made major contributions to the 6.013 course materials over the years, and apologize for any residual errors that may remain in these writ This course explores electromagnetic phenomena in modern applications, including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, antennas, sensors, micro-electromechanical systems, motors, and power generation and transmission. Fundamentals covered include: quasistatic and dynamic solutions to Maxwell's equations; waves, radiation, and diffraction; coupling to media and structures; guided and unguided waves; resonance; and forces, power, and energy.The instructors of this course extend a general acknowledgment to the many students and instructors who have made major contributions to the 6.013 course materials over the years, and apologize for any residual errors that may remain in these writ

Subjects

electromagnetics | electromagnetics | applications | applications | wireless communications | wireless communications | circuits | circuits | computer interconnects | computer interconnects | peripherals | peripherals | optical fiber links | optical fiber links | microwave | microwave | communications | communications | radar | radar | antennas | antennas | sensors | sensors | micro-electromechanical systems | micro-electromechanical systems | power generation | power generation | power transmission | power transmission | quasistatic solutions | quasistatic solutions | dynamic solutions | dynamic solutions | Maxwell | Maxwell | Maxwell's equations | Maxwell's equations | waves | waves | radiation | radiation | diffraction | diffraction | guided waves | guided waves | unguided waves | unguided waves | resonance | resonance | forces | forces | power | power | energy | energy | microwave communications | microwave communications

License

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18.335J Numerical Methods of Applied Mathematics I (MIT) 18.335J Numerical Methods of Applied Mathematics I (MIT)

Description

IEEE-standard, iterative and direct linear system solution methods, eigendecomposition and model-order reduction, fast Fourier transforms, multigrid, wavelets and other multiresolution methods, matrix sparsification. Nonlinear root finding (Newton's method). Numerical interpolation and extrapolation. Quadrature.Technical RequirementsFile decompression software, such as Winzip or StuffIt, is required to open the .tar files found on this course site. The .tar files contain additional files which require software as well. MATLAB® software is required to run the .m files.Postscript viewer software, such as Ghostscript/Ghostview, can be used to view the .ps files.Ghostscript/Ghostview, Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Illustrator are among the software tools that can be used to view the .ep IEEE-standard, iterative and direct linear system solution methods, eigendecomposition and model-order reduction, fast Fourier transforms, multigrid, wavelets and other multiresolution methods, matrix sparsification. Nonlinear root finding (Newton's method). Numerical interpolation and extrapolation. Quadrature.Technical RequirementsFile decompression software, such as Winzip or StuffIt, is required to open the .tar files found on this course site. The .tar files contain additional files which require software as well. MATLAB® software is required to run the .m files.Postscript viewer software, such as Ghostscript/Ghostview, can be used to view the .ps files.Ghostscript/Ghostview, Adobe Photoshop, and Adobe Illustrator are among the software tools that can be used to view the .ep

Subjects

IEEE-standard | IEEE-standard | iterative and direct linear system solution methods | iterative and direct linear system solution methods | eigendecomposition and model-order reduction | eigendecomposition and model-order reduction | fast Fourier transforms | fast Fourier transforms | multigrid | multigrid | wavelets | wavelets | other multiresolution methods | other multiresolution methods | matrix sparsification | matrix sparsification | Nonlinear root finding (Newton's method) | Nonlinear root finding (Newton's method) | Numerical interpolation | Numerical interpolation | Numerical extrapolation | Numerical extrapolation | Quadrature | Quadrature | 18.335 | 18.335 | 6.337 | 6.337

License

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17.812J Collective Choice I (MIT) 17.812J Collective Choice I (MIT)

Description

This is an applied theory course covering topics in the political economy of democratic countries. This course examines political institutions from a rational choice perspective. The now burgeoning rational choice literature on legislatures, bureaucracies, courts, and elections constitutes the chief focus. Some focus will be placed on institutions from a comparative and/or international perspective. This is an applied theory course covering topics in the political economy of democratic countries. This course examines political institutions from a rational choice perspective. The now burgeoning rational choice literature on legislatures, bureaucracies, courts, and elections constitutes the chief focus. Some focus will be placed on institutions from a comparative and/or international perspective.

Subjects

political economy | political economy | rational choice | rational choice | legislature | legislature | bureaucracy | bureaucracy | court | court | and elections | and elections | electoral competition | electoral competition | comparative | comparative | international | international | public goods | public goods | government | government | taxation | taxation | income redistribution | income redistribution | macroeconomic policy | macroeconomic policy | multiparty competition | multiparty competition | electoral system | electoral system | voter | voter | agency models | agency models | models of political parties | models of political parties | point-valued solution | point-valued solution | set-valued solution | set-valued solution | probabilistic voting models | probabilistic voting models | structure-induced equilibrium models | structure-induced equilibrium models | vote-buying | vote-buying | vote-trading | vote-trading | Colonel Blotto | Colonel Blotto | minorities | minorities | interest groups | interest groups | lobbying | lobbying | bargaining | bargaining | coalitions | coalitions | government stability | government stability | informational theory | informational theory | distributive theory | distributive theory | legislative-executive relations | legislative-executive relations | representative democracy | representative democracy | direct democracy | direct democracy

License

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3.091SC Introduction to Solid State Chemistry (MIT) 3.091SC Introduction to Solid State Chemistry (MIT)

Description

Introduction to Solid State Chemistry is a first-year single-semester college course on the principles of chemistry. This unique and popular course satisfies MIT's general chemistry degree requirement, with an emphasis on solid-state materials and their application to engineering systems. Introduction to Solid State Chemistry is a first-year single-semester college course on the principles of chemistry. This unique and popular course satisfies MIT's general chemistry degree requirement, with an emphasis on solid-state materials and their application to engineering systems.

Subjects

solid state chemistry | solid state chemistry | atomic structure | atomic structure | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | crystal structure | crystal structure | crystalline solid | crystalline solid | periodic table | periodic table | electron shell | electron shell | x-ray spectroscopy | x-ray spectroscopy | amorphous solid | amorphous solid | reaction kinetics | reaction kinetics | aqueous solution | aqueous solution | solid solution | solid solution | biomaterial | biomaterial | polymer | polymer | semiconductor | semiconductor | phase diagram | phase diagram | material processing | material processing

License

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15.356 How to Develop "Breakthrough" Products and Services (MIT) 15.356 How to Develop "Breakthrough" Products and Services (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. To prosper, firms must develop major product and service innovations. Often, though, they don't know how. Recent research into the innovation process has made it possible to develop "breakthroughs" systematically. 15.356 presents several practical concept development methods, such as the "Lead User Method," where manufacturers learn from innovative customers. Expert guest speakers present case studies that show the "art" required to implement a concept development method. 15.356 is a half-term subject. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. To prosper, firms must develop major product and service innovations. Often, though, they don't know how. Recent research into the innovation process has made it possible to develop "breakthroughs" systematically. 15.356 presents several practical concept development methods, such as the "Lead User Method," where manufacturers learn from innovative customers. Expert guest speakers present case studies that show the "art" required to implement a concept development method. 15.356 is a half-term subject.

Subjects

lead user method; innovations; innovation process; idea generation; brainstorming; concept development methods; prototypes; solutions; problem solving; business breakthroughs; incremental improvements; market research; focus groups; MIT Media Lab; creativity | lead user method; innovations; innovation process; idea generation; brainstorming; concept development methods; prototypes; solutions; problem solving; business breakthroughs; incremental improvements; market research; focus groups; MIT Media Lab; creativity | lead user method | lead user method | innovations | innovations | innovation process | innovation process | idea generation | idea generation | brainstorming | brainstorming | concept development methods | concept development methods | prototypes | prototypes | solutions | solutions | problem solving | problem solving | business breakthroughs | business breakthroughs | incremental improvements | incremental improvements | market research | market research | focus groups | focus groups | MIT Media Lab | MIT Media Lab | creativity | creativity

License

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12.000 Solving Complex Problems (MIT) 12.000 Solving Complex Problems (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. Solving Complex Problems provides an opportunity for entering freshmen to gain first-hand experience with working as part of a team to develop effective approaches to complex problems in Earth system science and engineering that do not have straightforward solutions. The subject includes training in a variety of skills, ranging from library research to Web Design. Each year's course explores a different problem in detail through the study of complimentary case histories and the development of creative solution strategies. Beginning in 2000 as an educational experiment sponsored by MIT's Committee on the Undergraduate Program, and receiving major financial support from the Alex and Britt d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in Includes audio/video content: AV faculty introductions. Solving Complex Problems provides an opportunity for entering freshmen to gain first-hand experience with working as part of a team to develop effective approaches to complex problems in Earth system science and engineering that do not have straightforward solutions. The subject includes training in a variety of skills, ranging from library research to Web Design. Each year's course explores a different problem in detail through the study of complimentary case histories and the development of creative solution strategies. Beginning in 2000 as an educational experiment sponsored by MIT's Committee on the Undergraduate Program, and receiving major financial support from the Alex and Britt d'Arbeloff Fund for Excellence in

Subjects

small teams | small teams | effective solutions | effective solutions | complex problems | complex problems | Earth system science and engineering | Earth system science and engineering | complementary case histories | complementary case histories | creative solution strategies | creative solution strategies | Web site development | Web site development | effective written and oral communication | effective written and oral communication | team building | team building

License

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6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications (MIT) 6.013 Electromagnetics and Applications (MIT)

Description

This course explores electromagnetic phenomena in modern applications, including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, antennas, sensors, micro-electromechanical systems, motors, and power generation and transmission. Fundamentals covered include: quasistatic and dynamic solutions to Maxwell's equations; waves, radiation, and diffraction; coupling to media and structures; guided and unguided waves; resonance; and forces, power, and energy.Acknowledgments The instructors would like to thank Robert Haussman for transcribing into LaTeX the problem set and Quiz 2 solutions. This course explores electromagnetic phenomena in modern applications, including wireless communications, circuits, computer interconnects and peripherals, optical fiber links and components, microwave communications and radar, antennas, sensors, micro-electromechanical systems, motors, and power generation and transmission. Fundamentals covered include: quasistatic and dynamic solutions to Maxwell's equations; waves, radiation, and diffraction; coupling to media and structures; guided and unguided waves; resonance; and forces, power, and energy.Acknowledgments The instructors would like to thank Robert Haussman for transcribing into LaTeX the problem set and Quiz 2 solutions.

Subjects

ESD.013 | ESD.013 | electromagnetics | electromagnetics | applications | applications | wireless communications | wireless communications | circuits | circuits | computer interconnects | computer interconnects | peripherals | peripherals | optical fiber links | optical fiber links | microwave communications | microwave communications | radar | radar | antennas | antennas | sensors | sensors | micro-electromechanical systems | micro-electromechanical systems | power generation | power generation | power transmission | power transmission | quasistatic solutions | quasistatic solutions | dynamic solutions | dynamic solutions | Maxwell | Maxwell | Maxwell's equations | Maxwell's equations | waves | waves | radiation | radiation | diffraction | diffraction | guided waves | guided waves | unguided waves | unguided waves | resonance | resonance | forces | forces | power | power | energy | energy

License

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9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT) 9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT)

Description

We are now at an unprecedented point in the field of neuroscience: We can watch the human brain in action as it sees, thinks, decides, reads, and remembers. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the only method that enables us to monitor local neural activity in the normal human brain in a noninvasive fashion and with good spatial resolution. A large number of far-reaching and fundamental questions about the human mind and brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of this technology. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information including object recognition, mental imagery, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, and visual memory. The goals of this course are to help We are now at an unprecedented point in the field of neuroscience: We can watch the human brain in action as it sees, thinks, decides, reads, and remembers. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the only method that enables us to monitor local neural activity in the normal human brain in a noninvasive fashion and with good spatial resolution. A large number of far-reaching and fundamental questions about the human mind and brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of this technology. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information including object recognition, mental imagery, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, and visual memory. The goals of this course are to help

Subjects

functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | neural activity | neural activity | human | human | brain | brain | noninvasive | noninvasive | resolution | resolution | high-level vision | high-level vision | object recognition | object recognition | visual attention | visual attention | perceptual awareness | perceptual awareness | visually guided action | visually guided action | visual memory | visual memory | voxelwise analysis | voxelwise analysis | conjugate mirroring | conjugate mirroring | interleaved stimulus presentation | interleaved stimulus presentation | magnetization following excitation | magnetization following excitation | active voxels | active voxels | scanner drift | scanner drift | trial sorting | trial sorting | collinear factors | collinear factors | different model factors | different model factors | mock scanner | mock scanner | scanner session | scanner session | visual stimulation task | visual stimulation task | hemoglobin signal | hemoglobin signal | labeling plane | labeling plane | nearby voxels | nearby voxels | shimming coils | shimming coils | bias field estimation | bias field estimation | conscious encoding | conscious encoding | spiral imaging | spiral imaging | functional resolution | functional resolution | hemodynamic activity | hemodynamic activity | direct cortical stimulation | direct cortical stimulation | physiological noise | physiological noise | refractory effects | refractory effects | independent statistical tests. | independent statistical tests.

License

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10.467 Polymer Science Laboratory (MIT) 10.467 Polymer Science Laboratory (MIT)

Description

Experiments in this class are broadly aimed at acquainting students with the range of properties of polymers, methods of synthesis, and physical chemistry. Some examples of laboratory work include solution polymerization of acrylamide, bead polymerization of divinylbenzene, and interfacial polymerization of nylon 6,10. Evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments, rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions, and physical properties of natural and silicone rubber are also covered. Experiments in this class are broadly aimed at acquainting students with the range of properties of polymers, methods of synthesis, and physical chemistry. Some examples of laboratory work include solution polymerization of acrylamide, bead polymerization of divinylbenzene, and interfacial polymerization of nylon 6,10. Evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments, rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions, and physical properties of natural and silicone rubber are also covered.

Subjects

polymers | polymers | polymer laboratory | polymer laboratory | polymer experiments | polymer experiments | properties of polymers | properties of polymers | methods of polymer synthesis | methods of polymer synthesis | physical chemistry | physical chemistry | solution polymerization of acrylamide | solution polymerization of acrylamide | bead polymerization of divinylbenzene | bead polymerization of divinylbenzene | interfacial polymerization of nylon 6 | interfacial polymerization of nylon 6 | 10 | 10 | evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments | evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments | rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions | rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions | physical properties of natural and silicone rubber | physical properties of natural and silicone rubber

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14.01 Principles of Microeconomics (MIT) 14.01 Principles of Microeconomics (MIT)

Description

This introductory course teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. Topics include consumer theory, producer theory, the behavior of firms, market equilibrium, monopoly, and the role of the government in the economy. 14.01 is a Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences (HASS) elective and is offered both terms. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmental challenges. This introductory course teaches the fundamentals of microeconomics. Topics include consumer theory, producer theory, the behavior of firms, market equilibrium, monopoly, and the role of the government in the economy. 14.01 is a Humanities, Arts, and Social Sciences (HASS) elective and is offered both terms. This course is a core subject in MIT's undergraduate Energy Studies Minor. This Institute-wide program complements the deep expertise obtained in any major with a broad understanding of the interlinked realms of science, technology, and social sciences as they relate to energy and associated environmental challenges.

Subjects

market | market | optimization | optimization | allocation | allocation | economic measurement | economic measurement | analysis | analysis | microeconomics | microeconomics | demand | demand | supply | supply | equilibrium | equilibrium | general equilibrium | general equilibrium | government interventions | government interventions | price elasticity of demand | price elasticity of demand | income elasticity of demand | income elasticity of demand | cross price elasticity of demand | cross price elasticity of demand | price elasticity of supply | price elasticity of supply | consumer behavior | consumer behavior | consumer preference | consumer preference | utility functions | utility functions | marginal rate of substitution | marginal rate of substitution | budget constraints | budget constraints | interior solutions | interior solutions | corner solutions | corner solutions | Engle curves | Engle curves | individual demand | individual demand | market demand | market demand | revealed preferences | revealed preferences | substitution effect | substitution effect | income effect | income effect | Giffen goods | Giffen goods | consumer surplus | consumer surplus | Irish potato famine | Irish potato famine | network externalities | network externalities | uncertainty | uncertainty | preference toward risk | preference toward risk | risk premium | risk premium | indifference curves | indifference curves | diversification | diversification | insurance | insurance | producer theory | producer theory | production functions | production functions | short run | short run | long run | long run | returns to scale | returns to scale | cost functions | cost functions | economies of scale | economies of scale | economies of scope | economies of scope | learning | learning | profit maximization | profit maximization | producer surplus | producer surplus | agricultural price support | agricultural price support | tax | tax | subsidy | subsidy | exchange economy | exchange economy | contract curves | contract curves | utility possibilities frontier | utility possibilities frontier | Edgeworth Box | Edgeworth Box | production possibilities frontier | production possibilities frontier | efficiency | efficiency | monopoly | monopoly | multiplant firm | multiplant firm | social cost | social cost | price regulation | price regulation | monopsony | monopsony | price discrimination | price discrimination | peak-load pricing | peak-load pricing | two-part tariffs | two-part tariffs | bundling | bundling | monopolistic competition | monopolistic competition | game theory | game theory | oligopoly | oligopoly | Cournot | Cournot | Stackelberg | Stackelberg | Bertrand | Bertrand | Prisoner's Dilemma | Prisoner's Dilemma

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15.667 Negotiation and Conflict Management (MIT) 15.667 Negotiation and Conflict Management (MIT)

Description

Negotiation and Conflict Management presents negotiation theory – strategies and styles – within an employment context. 15.667 meets only eleven times, with a different topic each week, which is why students should commit to attending all classes. In addition to the theory and exercises presented in class, students practice negotiating with role-playing simulations that cover a range of topics. Students also learn how to negotiate in difficult situations, which include abrasiveness, racism, sexism, whistle-blowing, and emergencies. The course covers conflict management as a first party and as a third party: third-party skills include helping others deal directly with their conflicts, mediation, investigation, arbitration, and helping the system change as a result of a dispute. Negotiation and Conflict Management presents negotiation theory – strategies and styles – within an employment context. 15.667 meets only eleven times, with a different topic each week, which is why students should commit to attending all classes. In addition to the theory and exercises presented in class, students practice negotiating with role-playing simulations that cover a range of topics. Students also learn how to negotiate in difficult situations, which include abrasiveness, racism, sexism, whistle-blowing, and emergencies. The course covers conflict management as a first party and as a third party: third-party skills include helping others deal directly with their conflicts, mediation, investigation, arbitration, and helping the system change as a result of a dispute.

Subjects

negotiation | negotiation | conflict | conflict | persuasion | persuasion | bargaining | bargaining | negotiating strategy | negotiating strategy | power | power | distributive | distributive | integrative | integrative | mixed motive | mixed motive | creating solutions | creating solutions | conflict management systems | conflict management systems | negotiator | negotiator | ethics | ethics | advocate | advocate | job hiring | job hiring | gender and culture differences | gender and culture differences | dispute prevention | dispute prevention | conflict resolution | conflict resolution | systems approach | systems approach | complaint handling | complaint handling | conciliation | conciliation | mediation | mediation | arbitration | arbitration | investigation | investigation | negotiating with difficult people | negotiating with difficult people | negotiation theory | negotiation theory | negotiation style | negotiation style | employment | employment | power sources | power sources | conflicts | conflicts | first parties | first parties | third parties | third parties | disputes | disputes | system change | system change | difficult people | difficult people | competition | competition | cooperation | cooperation

License

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18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT)

Description

Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications.

Subjects

Discrete-time filters | convolution | Fourier transform | owpass and highpass filters | Sampling rate change operations | upsampling and downsampling | ractional sampling | interpolation | Filter Banks | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | perfect reconstruction | halfband filters and possible factorizations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Noble identities | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | polyphase examples | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Orthogonal filter banks | paraunitary matrices | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | Maxflat filters | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Spectral factorization | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | requirements for MRA | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | Refinement equation | iterative and recursive solution techniques | infinite product formula | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | Orthogonal wavelet bases | connection to orthogonal filters | orthogonality in the frequency domain | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | vanishing moments | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | Smoothness of wavelet bases | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | splines | Bases vs. frames | Signal and image processing | finite length signals | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | wavelet compression algorithms | Lifting | ladder structure for filter banks | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | lifting form of refinement equationSec | Wavelets and subdivision | nonuniform grids | multiresolution for triangular meshes | representation and compression of surfaces | Numerical solution of PDEs | Galerkin approximation | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | convergence | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Compression and convergence estimates | M-band wavelets | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | Multiwavelets

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18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT)

Description

Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications.

Subjects

Discrete-time filters | convolution | Fourier transform | owpass and highpass filters | Sampling rate change operations | upsampling and downsampling | ractional sampling | interpolation | Filter Banks | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | perfect reconstruction | halfband filters and possible factorizations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Noble identities | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | polyphase examples | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Orthogonal filter banks | paraunitary matrices | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | Maxflat filters | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Spectral factorization | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | requirements for MRA | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | Refinement equation | iterative and recursive solution techniques | infinite product formula | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | Orthogonal wavelet bases | connection to orthogonal filters | orthogonality in the frequency domain | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | vanishing moments | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | Smoothness of wavelet bases | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | splines | Bases vs. frames | Signal and image processing | finite length signals | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | wavelet compression algorithms | Lifting | ladder structure for filter banks | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | lifting form of refinement equationSec | Wavelets and subdivision | nonuniform grids | multiresolution for triangular meshes | representation and compression of surfaces | Numerical solution of PDEs | Galerkin approximation | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | convergence | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Compression and convergence estimates | M-band wavelets | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | Multiwavelets

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RSC Wednesday Seminars 2011: Transnationalism: a fourth durable solution?

Description

Recorded at the Refugee Studies Centre's third Wednesday Public Seminar of Trinity Term 2011, on Wednesday 1st June 2011 at the Department of International Development, University of Oxford. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

transnationalism | refugee | forced migration | durable solutions | migration | transnationalism | refugee | forced migration | durable solutions | migration

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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2.29 Numerical Fluid Mechanics (MIT) 2.29 Numerical Fluid Mechanics (MIT)

Description

This course introduces students to MATLAB®. Numerical methods include number representation and errors, interpolation, differentiation, integration, systems of linear equations, and Fourier interpolation and transforms. Students will study partial and ordinary differential equations as well as elliptic and parabolic differential equations, and solutions by numerical integration, finite difference methods, finite element methods, boundary element methods, and panel methods. This course introduces students to MATLAB®. Numerical methods include number representation and errors, interpolation, differentiation, integration, systems of linear equations, and Fourier interpolation and transforms. Students will study partial and ordinary differential equations as well as elliptic and parabolic differential equations, and solutions by numerical integration, finite difference methods, finite element methods, boundary element methods, and panel methods.

Subjects

numerical methods | numerical methods | interpolation | interpolation | integration | integration | systems of linear equations | systems of linear equations | differential equations | differential equations | numerical integration | numerical integration | partial differential equations of inviscid hydrodynamics | partial differential equations of inviscid hydrodynamics | finite difference methods | finite difference methods | boundary integral equation panel methods | boundary integral equation panel methods | numerical lifting surface computations | numerical lifting surface computations | Fast Fourier Transforms | Fast Fourier Transforms | Numerical representation | Numerical representation | deterministic and random sea waves | deterministic and random sea waves | Integral boundary layer equations | Integral boundary layer equations | numerical solutions | numerical solutions

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2.71 Optics (MIT) 2.71 Optics (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to optical science with elementary engineering applications. Topics covered include geometrical optics: ray-tracing, aberrations, lens design, apertures and stops, radiometry and photometry; wave optics: basic electrodynamics, polarization, interference, wave-guiding, Fresnel and Faunhofer diffraction, image formation, resolution, and space-bandwidth product. Emphasis is on analytical and numerical tools used in optical design. Graduate students are required to complete additional assignments with stronger analytical content, and an advanced design project. This course is an introduction to optical science with elementary engineering applications. Topics covered include geometrical optics: ray-tracing, aberrations, lens design, apertures and stops, radiometry and photometry; wave optics: basic electrodynamics, polarization, interference, wave-guiding, Fresnel and Faunhofer diffraction, image formation, resolution, and space-bandwidth product. Emphasis is on analytical and numerical tools used in optical design. Graduate students are required to complete additional assignments with stronger analytical content, and an advanced design project.

Subjects

optical science | optical science | elementary engineering applications | elementary engineering applications | Geometrical optics | Geometrical optics | ray-tracing | ray-tracing | aberrations | aberrations | lens design; apertures | lens design; apertures | stops | stops | radiometry | radiometry | photometry | photometry | Wave optics | Wave optics | basic electrodynamics | basic electrodynamics | polarization | polarization | interference | interference | wave-guiding | wave-guiding | Fresnel | Fresnel | Faunhofer diffraction | Faunhofer diffraction | image formation | image formation | resolution | resolution | space-bandwidth product | space-bandwidth product | optical design | optical design

License

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18.03 Differential Equations (MIT) 18.03 Differential Equations (MIT)

Description

Differential Equations are the language in which the laws of nature are expressed. Understanding properties of solutions of differential equations is fundamental to much of contemporary science and engineering. Ordinary differential equations (ODE's) deal with functions of one variable, which can often be thought of as time. Topics include: Solution of first-order ODE's by analytical, graphical and numerical methods; Linear ODE's, especially second order with constant coefficients; Undetermined coefficients and variation of parameters; Sinusoidal and exponential signals: oscillations, damping, resonance; Complex numbers and exponentials; Fourier series, periodic solutions; Delta functions, convolution, and Laplace transform methods; Matrix and first order linear systems: eigenvalues and Differential Equations are the language in which the laws of nature are expressed. Understanding properties of solutions of differential equations is fundamental to much of contemporary science and engineering. Ordinary differential equations (ODE's) deal with functions of one variable, which can often be thought of as time. Topics include: Solution of first-order ODE's by analytical, graphical and numerical methods; Linear ODE's, especially second order with constant coefficients; Undetermined coefficients and variation of parameters; Sinusoidal and exponential signals: oscillations, damping, resonance; Complex numbers and exponentials; Fourier series, periodic solutions; Delta functions, convolution, and Laplace transform methods; Matrix and first order linear systems: eigenvalues and

Subjects

Ordinary Differential Equations | Ordinary Differential Equations | ODE | ODE | modeling physical systems | modeling physical systems | first-order ODE's | first-order ODE's | Linear ODE's | Linear ODE's | second order ODE's | second order ODE's | second order ODE's with constant coefficients | second order ODE's with constant coefficients | Undetermined coefficients | Undetermined coefficients | variation of parameters | variation of parameters | Sinusoidal signals | Sinusoidal signals | exponential signals | exponential signals | oscillations | oscillations | damping | damping | resonance | resonance | Complex numbers and exponentials | Complex numbers and exponentials | Fourier series | Fourier series | periodic solutions | periodic solutions | Delta functions | Delta functions | convolution | convolution | Laplace transform methods Matrix systems | Laplace transform methods Matrix systems | first order linear systems | first order linear systems | eigenvalues and eigenvectors | eigenvalues and eigenvectors | Non-linear autonomous systems | Non-linear autonomous systems | critical point analysis | critical point analysis | phase plane diagrams | phase plane diagrams

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6.253 Convex Analysis and Optimization (MIT) 6.253 Convex Analysis and Optimization (MIT)

Description

6.253 develops the core analytical issues of continuous optimization, duality, and saddle point theory, using a handful of unifying principles that can be easily visualized and readily understood. The mathematical theory of convex sets and functions is discussed in detail, and is the basis for an intuitive, highly visual, geometrical approach to the subject. 6.253 develops the core analytical issues of continuous optimization, duality, and saddle point theory, using a handful of unifying principles that can be easily visualized and readily understood. The mathematical theory of convex sets and functions is discussed in detail, and is the basis for an intuitive, highly visual, geometrical approach to the subject.

Subjects

affine hulls | affine hulls | recession cones | recession cones | global minima | global minima | local minima | local minima | optimal solutions | optimal solutions | hyper planes | hyper planes | minimax theory | minimax theory | polyhedral convexity | polyhedral convexity | polyhedral cones | polyhedral cones | polyhedral sets | polyhedral sets | convex analysis | convex analysis | optimization | optimization | convexity | convexity | Lagrange multipliers | Lagrange multipliers | duality | duality | continuous optimization | continuous optimization | saddle point theory | saddle point theory | linear algebra | linear algebra | real analysis | real analysis | convex sets | convex sets | convex functions | convex functions | extreme points | extreme points | subgradients | subgradients | constrained optimization | constrained optimization | directional derivatives | directional derivatives | subdifferentials | subdifferentials | conical approximations | conical approximations | Fritz John optimality | Fritz John optimality | Exact penalty functions | Exact penalty functions | conjugate duality | conjugate duality | conjugate functions | conjugate functions | Fenchel duality | Fenchel duality | exact penalty functions | exact penalty functions | dual computational methods | dual computational methods

License

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2.093 Computer Methods in Dynamics (MIT) 2.093 Computer Methods in Dynamics (MIT)

Description

Formulation of finite element methods for analysis of dynamic problems in solids, structures, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Computer calculation of matrices and numerical solution of equilibrium equations by direct integration and mode superposition. Effective eigensolution techniques for calculation of frequencies and mode shapes. Digital computer coding techniques and use of an existing general purpose finite element analysis program. Modeling of problems and interpretation of numerical results. Formulation of finite element methods for analysis of dynamic problems in solids, structures, fluid mechanics, and heat transfer. Computer calculation of matrices and numerical solution of equilibrium equations by direct integration and mode superposition. Effective eigensolution techniques for calculation of frequencies and mode shapes. Digital computer coding techniques and use of an existing general purpose finite element analysis program. Modeling of problems and interpretation of numerical results.

Subjects

finite element methods | | finite element methods | | solids | | solids | | structures | | structures | | fluid mechanics | | fluid mechanics | | heat transfer | | heat transfer | | equilibrium equations | | equilibrium equations | | direct integration | | direct integration | | mode superposition | | mode superposition | | eigensolution techniques | | eigensolution techniques | | frequencies | | frequencies | | mode shapes. | mode shapes.

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17.42 Causes and Prevention of War (MIT) 17.42 Causes and Prevention of War (MIT)

Description

The causes and prevention of interstate war are the central topics of this course. The course goal is to discover and assess the means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. The topics covered include the dilemmas, misperceptions, crimes and blunders that caused wars of the past; the origins of these and other war-causes; the possible causes of wars of the future; and possible means to prevent such wars, including short-term policy steps and more utopian schemes. The historical cases covered include World War I, World War II, Korea, Indochina, and the Peloponnesian, Crimean and Seven Years wars. The causes and prevention of interstate war are the central topics of this course. The course goal is to discover and assess the means to prevent or control war. Hence we focus on manipulable or controllable war-causes. The topics covered include the dilemmas, misperceptions, crimes and blunders that caused wars of the past; the origins of these and other war-causes; the possible causes of wars of the future; and possible means to prevent such wars, including short-term policy steps and more utopian schemes. The historical cases covered include World War I, World War II, Korea, Indochina, and the Peloponnesian, Crimean and Seven Years wars.

Subjects

war | war | foreign policy | foreign policy | World War I | World War I | World War II | World War II | Indochina | Indochina | Peloponnesian War | Peloponnesian War | Crimean War | Crimean War | Seven Years War | Seven Years War | conflict resolution | conflict resolution

License

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3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT) 3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT)

Description

This course examines how the presence of 1-, 2- and 3D defects and second phases control the mechanical, electromagnetic and chemical behavior of metals and alloys. It considers point, line and interfacial defects in the context of structural transformations including annealing, spinodal decomposition, nucleation, growth, and particle coarsening. In addition, it concentrates on structure-function relationships, and in particular how grain size, interstitial and substitutional solid solutions, and second-phase particles impact mechanical and other properties. Examples include microelectronic circuitry, magnetic memory and drug delivery applications. This course examines how the presence of 1-, 2- and 3D defects and second phases control the mechanical, electromagnetic and chemical behavior of metals and alloys. It considers point, line and interfacial defects in the context of structural transformations including annealing, spinodal decomposition, nucleation, growth, and particle coarsening. In addition, it concentrates on structure-function relationships, and in particular how grain size, interstitial and substitutional solid solutions, and second-phase particles impact mechanical and other properties. Examples include microelectronic circuitry, magnetic memory and drug delivery applications.

Subjects

1- | 2- and 3D defects | 1- | 2- and 3D defects | second phases | second phases | mechanical | electromagnetic and chemical behavior of metals and alloys | mechanical | electromagnetic and chemical behavior of metals and alloys | point | line and interfacial defects | point | line and interfacial defects | structural transformations | structural transformations | annealing | annealing | spinodal decomposition | spinodal decomposition | nucleation | nucleation | growth | growth | particle coarsening | particle coarsening | structure-function relationships | structure-function relationships | grain size | grain size | interstitial and substitutional solid solutions | interstitial and substitutional solid solutions | second-phase particles | second-phase particles | microelectronic circuitry | microelectronic circuitry | magnetic memory | magnetic memory | drug delivery applications | drug delivery applications | 3.40 | 3.40 | 22.71 | 22.71

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24.120 Moral Psychology (MIT) 24.120 Moral Psychology (MIT)

Description

The course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology and neuroscience. Topics include belief, desire, and moral motivation; sympathy and empathy; intentions and other committing states; strength of will and weakness of will; free will; addiction and compulsion; guilt, shame and regret; evil; self-knowledge and self-deception; virtues and character traits. The course is an examination of philosophical theories of action and motivation in the light of empirical findings from social psychology, sociology and neuroscience. Topics include belief, desire, and moral motivation; sympathy and empathy; intentions and other committing states; strength of will and weakness of will; free will; addiction and compulsion; guilt, shame and regret; evil; self-knowledge and self-deception; virtues and character traits.

Subjects

action | action | motivation | motivation | social psychology | social psychology | sociology | sociology | beleif | beleif | desire | desire | moral motivation | moral motivation | sympathy | sympathy | empathy | empathy | intention | intention | will | will | addiction | addiction | resolution | resolution | rationality | rationality | identification | identification | autonomy | autonomy

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18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT) 18.311 Principles of Applied Mathematics (MIT)

Description

This course introduces fundamental concepts in "continuous'' applied mathematics, with an emphasis on nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Topics include linear and nonlinear waves: kinematic waves, method of characteristics, expansion fans, wave breaking, shock dynamics, shock structure; linear and nonlinear diffusion: Green functions, Fourier transform, similarity solutions, boundary layers, Nernst-Planck equations. Applications include traffic flow, gas dynamics, and granular flow. This course introduces fundamental concepts in "continuous'' applied mathematics, with an emphasis on nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs). Topics include linear and nonlinear waves: kinematic waves, method of characteristics, expansion fans, wave breaking, shock dynamics, shock structure; linear and nonlinear diffusion: Green functions, Fourier transform, similarity solutions, boundary layers, Nernst-Planck equations. Applications include traffic flow, gas dynamics, and granular flow.

Subjects

Linear and nonlinear waves | Linear and nonlinear waves | hyperbolic waves | hyperbolic waves | kinematic waves | kinematic waves | expansion fans | expansion fans | shock dynamics | shock dynamics | shock structure | shock structure | Linear diffusion | Linear diffusion | nonlinear diffusion | nonlinear diffusion | Green functions | Green functions | Fourier transform | Fourier transform | dimensional analysis | dimensional analysis | similarity solutions | similarity solutions | boundary layers | boundary layers | traffic flow | traffic flow | gas dynamics | gas dynamics | tsunamis | tsunamis | heat transfer | heat transfer | ion transport | ion transport | granular flow | granular flow

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9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT) 9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT)

Description

Fundamental questions about the human brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of fMRI. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information (including object recognition, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, visual memory, and other topics). Students will read, present to the class, and critique current neuroimaging articles, as well as write detailed proposals for experiments of their own.This course covers the basics of fMRI, the strengths and limitations of fMRI compared to other techniques, and the design and analysis of fMRI experiments, focusing primarily on experiments on high-level vision. Upon completion, students should be able to understand and critique published fMRI Fundamental questions about the human brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of fMRI. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information (including object recognition, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, visual memory, and other topics). Students will read, present to the class, and critique current neuroimaging articles, as well as write detailed proposals for experiments of their own.This course covers the basics of fMRI, the strengths and limitations of fMRI compared to other techniques, and the design and analysis of fMRI experiments, focusing primarily on experiments on high-level vision. Upon completion, students should be able to understand and critique published fMRI

Subjects

functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | neural activity | neural activity | human | human | brain | brain | noninvasive | noninvasive | resolution | resolution | high-level vision | high-level vision | object recognition | object recognition | visual attention | visual attention | perceptual awareness | perceptual awareness | visually guided action | visually guided action | visual memory | visual memory

License

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