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24.244 Modal Logic (MIT) 24.244 Modal Logic (MIT)

Description

Modal logic is the logic of necessity and possibility, and by extension of analogously paired notions like validity and consistency, obligation and permission, the known and the not-ruled-out. This a first course in the area. A solid background in first-order logic is essential. Topics to be covered include (some or all of) the main systems of propositional modal logic, Kripkean "possible world" semantics, strict implication, contingent identity, intensional objects, counterpart theory, the logic of actuality, and deontic and / or epistemic logic. The emphasis will be more on technical methods and results than philosophical applications. Modal logic is the logic of necessity and possibility, and by extension of analogously paired notions like validity and consistency, obligation and permission, the known and the not-ruled-out. This a first course in the area. A solid background in first-order logic is essential. Topics to be covered include (some or all of) the main systems of propositional modal logic, Kripkean "possible world" semantics, strict implication, contingent identity, intensional objects, counterpart theory, the logic of actuality, and deontic and / or epistemic logic. The emphasis will be more on technical methods and results than philosophical applications.

Subjects

W. V. Quine's modal logic | W. V. Quine's modal logic | Lewis's S1 and S2 | Lewis's S1 and S2 | propositional modal logic | propositional modal logic | completeness | completeness | frames and models | frames and models | tense logic | tense logic | combining modality and tense | combining modality and tense | epistemic logic | epistemic logic | quantified modal logic | quantified modal logic

License

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22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT) 22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures. This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures.

Subjects

superconductors | superconductors | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | electromagnetic theory | electromagnetic theory | magnet design | magnet design | operational issues | operational issues | usable superconductors | usable superconductors | field and stress analyses | field and stress analyses | magnet instabilities | magnet instabilities | ac losses | ac losses | mechanical disturbances | mechanical disturbances | quench | quench | protection | protection | experimental techniques | experimental techniques | cryogenics | cryogenics | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | 22.68 | 22.68 | 2.64 | 2.64

License

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24.251 Introduction to Philosophy of Language (MIT) 24.251 Introduction to Philosophy of Language (MIT)

Description

This course explores the nature of meaning and truth, and their bearing on the use of language in communication. No knowledge of logic or linguistics is presupposed. This course explores the nature of meaning and truth, and their bearing on the use of language in communication. No knowledge of logic or linguistics is presupposed.

Subjects

Meaning and reference | Meaning and reference | empiricist theories | empiricist theories | psychological theories | psychological theories | truth-conditional theories | truth-conditional theories | pretense and attitude ascriptions | pretense and attitude ascriptions | hidden indexical theory | hidden indexical theory | implicature theory | implicature theory | pragmatic theory | pragmatic theory

License

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24.973 Advanced Semantics (MIT) 24.973 Advanced Semantics (MIT)

Description

This course is the second of the three parts of our graduate introduction to semantics. The others are 24.970 Introduction to Semantics and 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory. Like the other courses, this one is not meant as an overview of the field and its current developments. Our aim is to help you to develop the ability for semantic analysis, and we think that exploring a few topics in detail together with hands-on practical work is more effective than offering a bird's-eye view of everything. Once you have gained some experience in doing semantic analysis, reading around in the many recent handbooks and in current issues of major journals and attending our seminars and colloquia will give you all you need to prosper. Because we want to focus, we need to make difficult choices as This course is the second of the three parts of our graduate introduction to semantics. The others are 24.970 Introduction to Semantics and 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory. Like the other courses, this one is not meant as an overview of the field and its current developments. Our aim is to help you to develop the ability for semantic analysis, and we think that exploring a few topics in detail together with hands-on practical work is more effective than offering a bird's-eye view of everything. Once you have gained some experience in doing semantic analysis, reading around in the many recent handbooks and in current issues of major journals and attending our seminars and colloquia will give you all you need to prosper. Because we want to focus, we need to make difficult choices as

Subjects

semantics | semantics | logic | logic | meaning | meaning | syntactic systems | syntactic systems | generative grammar | generative grammar | displacement | displacement | intensional semantics | intensional semantics | Hintikka's idea | Hintikka's idea | accessibility relations | accessibility relations | modality | modality | quantificational theory of modality | quantificational theory of modality | material implication analysis | material implication analysis | strict implication analysis | strict implication analysis | tense | tense | conditionals | conditionals | progressive | progressive | perfect | perfect | de re | de re | de dicto | de dicto | raised subjects | raised subjects | scope paradox | scope paradox | overt world variables | overt world variables | restrictors | restrictors | syntax movement | syntax movement | wh-movement | wh-movement | DP | DP | VP | VP

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.910 Topics in Linguistic Theory: Propositional Attitudes (MIT) 24.910 Topics in Linguistic Theory: Propositional Attitudes (MIT)

Description

This course explores topics related to the representation and expression of propositional attitudes (e.g. belief, knowledge, and desires) and speech acts (e.g. saying and asking) in natural language. The main focus will be on semantics of predicates such as believe, know, want, say, ask, etc. Other topics will include the syntax of main and embedded clauses and formal representation of the pragmatics of conversation. The course provides practice in written and oral communication. This course explores topics related to the representation and expression of propositional attitudes (e.g. belief, knowledge, and desires) and speech acts (e.g. saying and asking) in natural language. The main focus will be on semantics of predicates such as believe, know, want, say, ask, etc. Other topics will include the syntax of main and embedded clauses and formal representation of the pragmatics of conversation. The course provides practice in written and oral communication.

Subjects

linguistic theory | linguistic theory | linguistics | linguistics | propositional attitudes | propositional attitudes | semantics | semantics | presupposition | presupposition | sequence of tense | sequence of tense | self-locating attitudes | self-locating attitudes | logophors | logophors | CP structure | CP structure | embedded clauses | embedded clauses | control | control | raising | raising | pramatics | pramatics | evidentials | evidentials | expressive meaning | expressive meaning | conversation | conversation | common ground | common ground | assertion | assertion | embedding verbs | embedding verbs

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.301 French I (MIT) 21G.301 French I (MIT)

Description

21G.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock. 21G.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | French | introduction | introduction | understand | understand | speak | speak | write | write | present | present | future | future | past | past | tense | tense | family | family | food | food | travel | travel | hobbies | hobbies | activities | activities | environment | environment | context | context | compositions | compositions | Francophone | Francophone | customs | customs | history | history | civilization | civilization | 21F.301 | 21F.301 | 21F.351 | 21F.351

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.902 Language and its Structure II: Syntax (MIT) 24.902 Language and its Structure II: Syntax (MIT)

Description

This course covers some of the basic ideas in the subfield syntax, within the framework often referred to as "Generative Grammar". This course covers some of the basic ideas in the subfield syntax, within the framework often referred to as "Generative Grammar".

Subjects

linguistics | linguistics | syntax | syntax | language structure | language structure | theory | theory | binding theory | binding theory | syntactic movement | syntactic movement | wh-movement | wh-movement | verbs | verbs | tense | tense | A-movement | A-movement | specifiers | specifiers | complementizers | complementizers | theta-roles | theta-roles | subcategorization | subcategorization | covert movement | covert movement

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.244 Modal Logic (MIT)

Description

Modal logic is the logic of necessity and possibility, and by extension of analogously paired notions like validity and consistency, obligation and permission, the known and the not-ruled-out. This a first course in the area. A solid background in first-order logic is essential. Topics to be covered include (some or all of) the main systems of propositional modal logic, Kripkean "possible world" semantics, strict implication, contingent identity, intensional objects, counterpart theory, the logic of actuality, and deontic and / or epistemic logic. The emphasis will be more on technical methods and results than philosophical applications.

Subjects

W. V. Quine's modal logic | Lewis's S1 and S2 | propositional modal logic | completeness | frames and models | tense logic | combining modality and tense | epistemic logic | quantified modal logic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.301 French I (MIT) 21G.301 French I (MIT)

Description

21G.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock. 21G.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | French | introduction | introduction | understand | understand | speak | speak | write | write | present | present | future | future | past | past | tense | tense | family | family | food | food | travel | travel | hobbies | hobbies | activities | activities | environment | environment | context | context | compositions | compositions | Francophone | Francophone | customs | customs | history | history | civilization | civilization | 21F.301 | 21F.301 | 21F.351 | 21F.351

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.302 French II (MIT) 21G.302 French II (MIT)

Description

21G.302/352 is the second part of an introductory course to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock. 21G.302/352 is the second part of an introductory course to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | French | introduction | introduction | understand | understand | speak | speak | write | write | present | present | future | future | past | past | tense | tense | family | family | food | food | travel | travel | hobbies | hobbies | activities | activities | environment | environment | context | context | compositions | compositions | Francophone | Francophone | customs | customs | history | history | civilization | civilization | 21F.302 | 21F.302 | 21F.352 | 21F.352

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Perfekt - sestavljeni preteklik Perfect - composed past tense

Description

Nauči se pravila in reši naloge. Rules on when to use \"Perfect\" tense in German and some exercises.

Subjects

jeziki | languages | moderni jeziki | modern languages | nemški jezik | German language | sestavljeni preteklik | composed past tense | pefekt | perfekt | slovnica | grammar | slovniški čas | tense

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.5/si/

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6.849 Geometric Folding Algorithms: Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra (MIT) 6.849 Geometric Folding Algorithms: Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course focuses on the algorithms for analyzing and designing geometric foldings. Topics include reconfiguration of foldable structures, linkages made from one-dimensional rods connected by hinges, folding two-dimensional paper (origami), and unfolding and folding three-dimensional polyhedra. Applications to architecture, robotics, manufacturing, and biology are also covered in this course. Acknowledgments Thanks to videographers Martin Demaine and Jayson Lynch. Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course focuses on the algorithms for analyzing and designing geometric foldings. Topics include reconfiguration of foldable structures, linkages made from one-dimensional rods connected by hinges, folding two-dimensional paper (origami), and unfolding and folding three-dimensional polyhedra. Applications to architecture, robotics, manufacturing, and biology are also covered in this course. Acknowledgments Thanks to videographers Martin Demaine and Jayson Lynch.

Subjects

origami | origami | geometry | geometry | algorithm | algorithm | folding | folding | linkage | linkage | polyhedra | polyhedra | seam | seam | crease pattern | crease pattern | universal molecule | universal molecule | box pleating | box pleating | triangulation | triangulation | vertex | vertex | edge | edge | curved crease | curved crease | rigidity | rigidity | tensegrity | tensegrity | hinged dissection | hinged dissection | unfolding | unfolding | gluing | gluing | platonic solid | platonic solid | refolding | refolding | sculpture | sculpture | paper | paper | 3D chain | 3D chain | design | design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.301 French I (MIT)

Description

21G.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | introduction | understand | speak | write | present | future | past | tense | family | food | travel | hobbies | activities | environment | context | compositions | Francophone | customs | history | civilization | 21F.301 | 21F.351

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21G.302 French II (MIT)

Description

21G.302/352 is the second part of an introductory course to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | introduction | understand | speak | write | present | future | past | tense | family | food | travel | hobbies | activities | environment | context | compositions | Francophone | customs | history | civilization | 21F.302 | 21F.352

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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French Intermediate RLO 24 - describing accommodation

Description

This RLO contains a 3-part grammar exercise to practise the perfect tense with '

Subjects

reading | vocabulary | grammar | accommodation | perfect tense | describing | etre | situation | languages | french | European Languages | related subjects | R000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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French Intermediate RLO 25 - negative interrogation

Description

This RLO involves a word ordering game that provides practice in the use of the perfect tense in negative questions.

Subjects

word | vocabulary | grammar | negative | perfect tense | questions | interrogation | game | languages | french | European Languages | related subjects | R000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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Ethel Penman

Description

Name: Ethel Penman Arrested for: not given Arrested at: North Shields Police Station Arrested on: 16 July 1906 Tyne and Wear Archives ref: DX1388-1-41-Ethel Penman The Shields Daily News for 16 July 1906 reports: "THEFT BY A DOMESTIC AT TYNEMOUTH At North Shields Police Court today, Ethel Penman (19), 10 Walker Place, Jarrow, was charged with having stolen a lady's feather stole and a pair of leather straps, valued at 16s, the property of Margaret Hamilton. The prosecutrix, who resides at 18 Latimer Street, Tynemouth, said the accused was a domestic servant with her. On the 2nd inst. she missed the articles mentioned in the charge and informed the police. Detective Sergt. Hall said he arrested the prisoner in a house in Back Saville Street, where she had been living with a woman and her daughter. The fur stole and the straps were fund in the house. He charged her withe the theft and she pleaded guilty. Formally charged, the accused said this was her first offence and it would be her last. The mother of the prisoner said her daughter had not been previously guilty of theft. The only thing she had against her was that she did not like "place" and would not remain long in a situation. Accused promised not to misbehave herself in future and upon this understanding the mother was bound over in the sum of 5 to bring her daughter up to receive judgement if called upon within six months". These images are a selection from an album of photographs of prisoners brought before the North Shields Police Court between 1902 and 1916 in the collection of Tyne & Wear Archives (TWA ref DX1388/1). This set contains mugshots of boys and girls under the age of 21. This reflects the fact that until 1970 that was the legal age of majority in the UK. (Copyright) We're happy for you to share this digital image within the spirit of The Commons. Please cite 'Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums' when reusing. Certain restrictions on high quality reproductions and commercial use of the original physical version apply though; if you're unsure please email archives@twmuseums.org.uk.

Subjects

prisoner | crime | criminal | northshields | policestation | mugshot | imprisoned | arrested | hat | coat | digitalimage | portrait | blackandwhitephotograph | sepia | ribbon | hair | attentive | serious | seated | chair | wood | button | hand | blur | blouse | necklace | cloth | neutralbackground | socialhistory | criminalfacesofnorthshieldsthechildren | mysterious | unusual | northshieldspolicestation | 16july1906 | dx1388141ethelpenman | northshieldspolicecourt | 190216 | criminalrecord | publicrecords | tense

License

No known copyright restrictions

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6.849 Geometric Folding Algorithms: Linkages, Origami, Polyhedra (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the algorithms for analyzing and designing geometric foldings. Topics include reconfiguration of foldable structures, linkages made from one-dimensional rods connected by hinges, folding two-dimensional paper (origami), and unfolding and folding three-dimensional polyhedra. Applications to architecture, robotics, manufacturing, and biology are also covered in this course. Acknowledgments Thanks to videographers Martin Demaine and Jayson Lynch.

Subjects

origami | geometry | algorithm | folding | linkage | polyhedra | seam | crease pattern | universal molecule | box pleating | triangulation | vertex | edge | curved crease | rigidity | tensegrity | hinged dissection | unfolding | gluing | platonic solid | refolding | sculpture | paper | 3D chain | design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.973 Advanced Semantics (MIT)

Description

This course is the second of the three parts of our graduate introduction to semantics. The others are 24.970 Introduction to Semantics and 24.954 Pragmatics in Linguistic Theory. Like the other courses, this one is not meant as an overview of the field and its current developments. Our aim is to help you to develop the ability for semantic analysis, and we think that exploring a few topics in detail together with hands-on practical work is more effective than offering a bird's-eye view of everything. Once you have gained some experience in doing semantic analysis, reading around in the many recent handbooks and in current issues of major journals and attending our seminars and colloquia will give you all you need to prosper. Because we want to focus, we need to make difficult choices as

Subjects

semantics | logic | meaning | syntactic systems | generative grammar | displacement | intensional semantics | Hintikka's idea | accessibility relations | modality | quantificational theory of modality | material implication analysis | strict implication analysis | tense | conditionals | progressive | perfect | de re | de dicto | raised subjects | scope paradox | overt world variables | restrictors | syntax movement | wh-movement | DP | VP

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.910 Topics in Linguistic Theory: Propositional Attitudes (MIT)

Description

This course explores topics related to the representation and expression of propositional attitudes (e.g. belief, knowledge, and desires) and speech acts (e.g. saying and asking) in natural language. The main focus will be on semantics of predicates such as believe, know, want, say, ask, etc. Other topics will include the syntax of main and embedded clauses and formal representation of the pragmatics of conversation. The course provides practice in written and oral communication.

Subjects

linguistic theory | linguistics | propositional attitudes | semantics | presupposition | sequence of tense | self-locating attitudes | logophors | CP structure | embedded clauses | control | raising | pramatics | evidentials | expressive meaning | conversation | common ground | assertion | embedding verbs

License

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24.251 Introduction to Philosophy of Language (MIT)

Description

This course explores the nature of meaning and truth, and their bearing on the use of language in communication. No knowledge of logic or linguistics is presupposed.

Subjects

Meaning and reference | empiricist theories | psychological theories | truth-conditional theories | pretense and attitude ascriptions | hidden indexical theory | implicature theory | pragmatic theory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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24.902 Language and its Structure II: Syntax (MIT)

Description

This course covers some of the basic ideas in the subfield syntax, within the framework often referred to as "Generative Grammar".

Subjects

linguistics | syntax | language structure | theory | binding theory | syntactic movement | wh-movement | verbs | tense | A-movement | specifiers | complementizers | theta-roles | subcategorization | covert movement

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Real and imaginary conditionals

Description

An introduction to real and imaginary conditional statements, comprising explanatory text and associated assessment

Subjects

grammar | possibility | future | tenses | efl | Linguistics | AREA STUDIES / CULTURAL STUDIES / LANGUAGES / LITERATURE | EDUCATION / TRAINING / TEACHING | Learning | Students | UK EL05 = SCQF 5 | Intermediate level | Intermediate | NICAT 2 | CQFW 2 | Intermediate | GSCE A-C | NVQ 2 | | related subjects | Q000 | F | G

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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22.68J Superconducting Magnets (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on one important engineering application of superconductors -- the generation of large-scale and intense magnetic fields. It includes a review of electromagnetic theory; detailed treatment of magnet design and operational issues, including "usable" superconductors, field and stress analyses, magnet instabilities, ac losses and mechanical disturbances, quench and protection, experimental techniques, and cryogenics. The course also examines new high-temperature superconductors for magnets, as well as design and operational issues at high temperatures.

Subjects

superconductors | large-scale and intense magnetic fields | electromagnetic theory | magnet design | operational issues | usable superconductors | field and stress analyses | magnet instabilities | ac losses | mechanical disturbances | quench | protection | experimental techniques | cryogenics | high-temperature superconductors for magnets | 22.68 | 2.64

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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21F.301 French I (MIT)

Description

21F.301/351 offers an introduction to the French language and culture with an emphasis on the acquisition of vocabulary and grammatical concepts through active communication. The course is conducted entirely in French, and students interact in French with their classmates from the very beginning. They also receive exposure to the language via a variety of authentic sources such as the Internet, audio, video and printed materials which help them develop cultural awareness as well as linguistic proficiency. There is a coordinated language lab program.This course is taught in rotation by the following instructors: Laura Ceia-Minjares, Cathy Culot, Gilberte Furstenberg, and Johann Sadock.

Subjects

French | introduction | understand | speak | write | present | future | past | tense | family | food | travel | hobbies | activities | environment | context | compositions | Francophone | customs | history | civilization

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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