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22.921 Nuclear Power Plant Dynamics and Control (MIT) 22.921 Nuclear Power Plant Dynamics and Control (MIT)

Description

This short course provides an introduction to reactor dynamics including subcritical multiplication, critical operation in absence of thermal feedback effects and effects of Xenon, fuel and moderator temperature, etc. Topics include the derivation of point kinetics and dynamic period equations; techniques for reactor control including signal validation, supervisory algorithms, model-based trajectory tracking, and rule-based control; and an overview of light-water reactor startup. Lectures and demonstrations employ computer simulation and the use of the MIT Research Reactor. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month. This short course provides an introduction to reactor dynamics including subcritical multiplication, critical operation in absence of thermal feedback effects and effects of Xenon, fuel and moderator temperature, etc. Topics include the derivation of point kinetics and dynamic period equations; techniques for reactor control including signal validation, supervisory algorithms, model-based trajectory tracking, and rule-based control; and an overview of light-water reactor startup. Lectures and demonstrations employ computer simulation and the use of the MIT Research Reactor. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month.

Subjects

reactor | reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | radiation | radiation | feedback | feedback | light-water reactor | light-water reactor | neutron | neutron | reactor operation | reactor operation | reactor startup | reactor startup | reactor shutdown | reactor shutdown | reactor emergency | reactor emergency | pressurized water reactor | pressurized water reactor | PWR | PWR | BWR | BWR | criticality | criticality | reactor design | reactor design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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22.251 Systems Analysis of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (MIT) 22.251 Systems Analysis of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (MIT)

Description

This course provides an in-depth technical and policy analysis of various options for the nuclear fuel cycle. Topics include uranium supply, enrichment fuel fabrication, in-core physics and fuel management of uranium, thorium and other fuel types, reprocessing and waste disposal. Also covered are the principles of fuel cycle economics and the applied reactor physics of both contemporary and proposed thermal and fast reactors. Nonproliferation aspects, disposal of excess weapons plutonium, and transmutation of actinides and selected fission products in spent fuel are examined. Several state-of-the-art computer programs are provided for student use in problem sets and term papers. This course provides an in-depth technical and policy analysis of various options for the nuclear fuel cycle. Topics include uranium supply, enrichment fuel fabrication, in-core physics and fuel management of uranium, thorium and other fuel types, reprocessing and waste disposal. Also covered are the principles of fuel cycle economics and the applied reactor physics of both contemporary and proposed thermal and fast reactors. Nonproliferation aspects, disposal of excess weapons plutonium, and transmutation of actinides and selected fission products in spent fuel are examined. Several state-of-the-art computer programs are provided for student use in problem sets and term papers.

Subjects

nuclear fuel | nuclear fuel | nuclear fuel cycle | nuclear fuel cycle | thorium fuel | thorium fuel | dry recycling | dry recycling | transmutation | transmutation | radioactive waste disposal | radioactive waste disposal | waste storage | waste storage | nuclear waste | nuclear waste | nuclear reactor analysis | nuclear reactor analysis | fuel cell design | fuel cell design | reactor design | reactor design | fast reactors | fast reactors | breeder reactors | breeder reactors | CANDU reactor | CANDU reactor | light water reactor | light water reactor | LWR | LWR | nuclear non-proliferation | nuclear non-proliferation | plutonium recycling | plutonium recycling

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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22.921 Nuclear Power Plant Dynamics and Control (MIT)

Description

This short course provides an introduction to reactor dynamics including subcritical multiplication, critical operation in absence of thermal feedback effects and effects of Xenon, fuel and moderator temperature, etc. Topics include the derivation of point kinetics and dynamic period equations; techniques for reactor control including signal validation, supervisory algorithms, model-based trajectory tracking, and rule-based control; and an overview of light-water reactor startup. Lectures and demonstrations employ computer simulation and the use of the MIT Research Reactor. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month.

Subjects

reactor | nuclear reactor | radiation | feedback | light-water reactor | neutron | reactor operation | reactor startup | reactor shutdown | reactor emergency | pressurized water reactor | PWR | BWR | criticality | reactor design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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22.921 Nuclear Power Plant Dynamics and Control (MIT)

Description

This short course provides an introduction to reactor dynamics including subcritical multiplication, critical operation in absence of thermal feedback effects and effects of Xenon, fuel and moderator temperature, etc. Topics include the derivation of point kinetics and dynamic period equations; techniques for reactor control including signal validation, supervisory algorithms, model-based trajectory tracking, and rule-based control; and an overview of light-water reactor startup. Lectures and demonstrations employ computer simulation and the use of the MIT Research Reactor. This course is offered during the Independent Activities Period (IAP), which is a special 4-week term at MIT that runs from the first week of January until the end of the month.

Subjects

reactor | nuclear reactor | radiation | feedback | light-water reactor | neutron | reactor operation | reactor startup | reactor shutdown | reactor emergency | pressurized water reactor | PWR | BWR | criticality | reactor design

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.702 Algebra II (MIT) 18.702 Algebra II (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory. This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory.

Subjects

Sylow theorems | Sylow theorems | Group Representations | Group Representations | definitions | definitions | unitary representations | unitary representations | characters | characters | Schur's Lemma | Schur's Lemma | Rings: Basic Definitions | Rings: Basic Definitions | homomorphisms | homomorphisms | fractions | fractions | Factorization | Factorization | unique factorization | unique factorization | Gauss' Lemma | Gauss' Lemma | explicit factorization | explicit factorization | maximal ideals | maximal ideals | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Gauss Primes | Gauss Primes | quadratic integers | quadratic integers | ideal factorization | ideal factorization | ideal classes | ideal classes | Linear Algebra over a Ring | Linear Algebra over a Ring | free modules | free modules | integer matrices | integer matrices | generators and relations | generators and relations | structure of abelian groups | structure of abelian groups | Rings: Abstract Constructions | Rings: Abstract Constructions | relations in a ring | relations in a ring | adjoining elements | adjoining elements | Fields: Field Extensions | Fields: Field Extensions | algebraic elements | algebraic elements | degree of field extension | degree of field extension | ruler and compass | ruler and compass | symbolic adjunction | symbolic adjunction | finite fields | finite fields | Fields: Galois Theory | Fields: Galois Theory | the main theorem | the main theorem | cubic equations | cubic equations | symmetric functions | symmetric functions | primitive elements | primitive elements | quartic equations | quartic equations | quintic equations | quintic equations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.702 Algebra II (MIT) 18.702 Algebra II (MIT)

Description

The course covers group theory and its representations, and focuses on the Sylow theorem, Schur's lemma, and proof of the orthogonality relations. It also analyzes the rings, the factorization processes, and the fields. Topics such as the formal construction of integers and polynomials, homomorphisms and ideals, the Gauss' lemma, quadratic imaginary integers, Gauss primes, and finite and function fields are discussed in detail. The course covers group theory and its representations, and focuses on the Sylow theorem, Schur's lemma, and proof of the orthogonality relations. It also analyzes the rings, the factorization processes, and the fields. Topics such as the formal construction of integers and polynomials, homomorphisms and ideals, the Gauss' lemma, quadratic imaginary integers, Gauss primes, and finite and function fields are discussed in detail.

Subjects

Sylow theorems | Sylow theorems | Group Representations | Group Representations | definitions | definitions | unitary representations | unitary representations | characters | characters | Schur's Lemma | Schur's Lemma | Rings: Basic Definitions | Rings: Basic Definitions | homomorphisms | homomorphisms | fractions | fractions | Factorization | Factorization | unique factorization | unique factorization | Gauss' Lemma | Gauss' Lemma | explicit factorization | explicit factorization | maximal ideals | maximal ideals | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Gauss Primes | Gauss Primes | quadratic integers | quadratic integers | ideal factorization | ideal factorization | ideal classes | ideal classes | Linear Algebra over a Ring | Linear Algebra over a Ring | free modules | free modules | integer matrices | integer matrices | generators and relations | generators and relations | structure of abelian groups | structure of abelian groups | Rings: Abstract Constructions | Rings: Abstract Constructions | relations in a ring | relations in a ring | adjoining elements | adjoining elements | Fields: Field Extensions | Fields: Field Extensions | algebraic elements | algebraic elements | degree of field extension | degree of field extension | ruler and compass | ruler and compass | symbolic adjunction | symbolic adjunction | finite fields | finite fields | Fields: Galois Theory | Fields: Galois Theory | the main theorem | the main theorem | cubic equations | cubic equations | symmetric functions | symmetric functions | primitive elements | primitive elements | quartic equations | quartic equations | quintic equations | quintic equations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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17.460 Defense Politics (MIT) 17.460 Defense Politics (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on the institutional relationships that affect the raising, maintenance and use of military forces in the United States. It is about civil/military, government/industry, military/science and military service/military service relations. The course examines how politicians, defense contractors, and military officers determine the military might of the United States. It analyzes the military strategies of the nation and the bureaucratic strategies of the armed services, contractors, and defense scientists. It offers a combination of military sociology, organizational politics, and the political economy of defense. This course focuses on the institutional relationships that affect the raising, maintenance and use of military forces in the United States. It is about civil/military, government/industry, military/science and military service/military service relations. The course examines how politicians, defense contractors, and military officers determine the military might of the United States. It analyzes the military strategies of the nation and the bureaucratic strategies of the armed services, contractors, and defense scientists. It offers a combination of military sociology, organizational politics, and the political economy of defense.

Subjects

United States; defense; policy; institutional relationships; military; forces; civil; government; industry; science; military relations; politicians; defense contractors; officers; strategies; bureaucracy; armed services; contractors; defense scientists; sociology; organization; politics; political economy; congress; president; terror; war; homeland;intraservice; interservice; cargo; security | United States; defense; policy; institutional relationships; military; forces; civil; government; industry; science; military relations; politicians; defense contractors; officers; strategies; bureaucracy; armed services; contractors; defense scientists; sociology; organization; politics; political economy; congress; president; terror; war; homeland;intraservice; interservice; cargo; security | United States | United States | defense | defense | policy | policy | institutional relationships | institutional relationships | military | military | forces | forces | civil | civil | government | government | industry | industry | science | science | military relations | military relations | politicians | politicians | defense contractors | defense contractors | officers | officers | strategies | strategies | bureaucracy | bureaucracy | armed services | armed services | contractors | contractors | defense scientists | defense scientists | sociology | sociology | organization | organization | politics | politics | political economy | political economy | congress | congress | president | president | terror | terror | war | war | homeland | homeland | intraservice | intraservice | interservice | interservice | cargo | cargo | security | security

License

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6.780 Semiconductor Manufacturing (MIT) 6.780 Semiconductor Manufacturing (MIT)

Description

6.780 covers statistical modeling and the control of semiconductor fabrication processes and plants. Topics covered include: design of experiments, response surface modeling, and process optimization; defect and parametric yield modeling; process/device/circuit yield optimization; monitoring, diagnosis, and feedback control of equipment and processes; and analysis and scheduling of semiconductor manufacturing operations. 6.780 covers statistical modeling and the control of semiconductor fabrication processes and plants. Topics covered include: design of experiments, response surface modeling, and process optimization; defect and parametric yield modeling; process/device/circuit yield optimization; monitoring, diagnosis, and feedback control of equipment and processes; and analysis and scheduling of semiconductor manufacturing operations.

Subjects

Semiconductor manufacturing | Semiconductor manufacturing | statistics | statistics | distributions | distributions | estimation | estimation | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | statistical process control | statistical process control | control chart | control chart | control chart design | control chart design | design of experiments | design of experiments | empirical equipment | empirical equipment | process modeling | process modeling | experimental design | experimental design | yield models | yield models | spatial variation | spatial variation | spatial models | spatial models | design for manufacturability | design for manufacturability | equipment monitoring | equipment monitoring | equipment diagnosis | equipment diagnosis | equipment control | equipment control | run by run | run by run | multistage process control | multistage process control | scheduling | scheduling | planning | planning | factory modeling | factory modeling | factory infrastructure | factory infrastructure | environmental | environmental | health and safety | health and safety | computer integrated manufacturing | computer integrated manufacturing | factory operation | factory operation | factory design | factory design | advanced process control | advanced process control | yield learning | yield learning

License

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18.702 Algebra II (MIT) 18.702 Algebra II (MIT)

Description

This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory. This undergraduate level course follows Algebra I. Topics include group representations, rings, ideals, fields, polynomial rings, modules, factorization, integers in quadratic number fields, field extensions, and Galois theory.

Subjects

Sylow theorems | Sylow theorems | Group Representations | Group Representations | definitions | definitions | unitary representations | unitary representations | characters | characters | Schur's Lemma | Schur's Lemma | Rings: Basic Definitions | Rings: Basic Definitions | homomorphisms | homomorphisms | fractions | fractions | Factorization | Factorization | unique factorization | unique factorization | Gauss' Lemma | Gauss' Lemma | explicit factorization | explicit factorization | maximal ideals | maximal ideals | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Quadratic Imaginary Integers | Gauss Primes | Gauss Primes | quadratic integers | quadratic integers | ideal factorization | ideal factorization | ideal classes | ideal classes | Linear Algebra over a Ring | Linear Algebra over a Ring | free modules | free modules | integer matrices | integer matrices | generators and relations | generators and relations | structure of abelian groups | structure of abelian groups | Rings: Abstract Constructions | Rings: Abstract Constructions | relations in a ring | relations in a ring | adjoining elements | adjoining elements | Fields: Field Extensions | Fields: Field Extensions | algebraic elements | algebraic elements | degree of field extension | degree of field extension | ruler and compass | ruler and compass | symbolic adjunction | symbolic adjunction | finite fields | finite fields | Fields: Galois Theory | Fields: Galois Theory | the main theorem | the main theorem | cubic equations | cubic equations | symmetric functions | symmetric functions | primitive elements | primitive elements | quartic equations | quartic equations | quintic equations | quintic equations

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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New tractor at the Elswick Works New tractor at the Elswick Works

Description

Subjects

roof | roof | shadow | shadow | sky | sky | tractor | tractor | man | man | blur | blur | industry | industry | window | window | hat | hat | wheel | wheel | metal | metal | wall | wall | shirt | shirt | bar | bar | standing | standing | buildings | buildings | vent | vent | daylight | daylight | belt | belt | interesting | interesting | boards | boards | construction | construction | industrial | industrial | factory | factory | tank | tank | darkness | darkness | panel | panel | mechanical | mechanical | unitedkingdom | unitedkingdom | timber | timber | seat | seat | pipe | pipe | structures | structures | machine | machine | tie | tie | rail | rail | historic | historic | pole | pole | suit | suit | soil | soil | doorway | doorway | prototype | prototype | bolt | bolt | archives | archives | land | land | glove | glove | products | products | unusual | unusual | tractors | tractors | majestic | majestic | seated | seated | attentive | attentive | slope | slope | impressive | impressive | magnificent | magnificent | newcastleupontyne | newcastleupontyne | digitalimage | digitalimage | factories | factories | customers | customers | cleanshaven | cleanshaven | rivertyne | rivertyne | manufacturing | manufacturing | industrialheritage | industrialheritage | blackandwhitephotograph | blackandwhitephotograph | northeastofengland | northeastofengland | lordarmstrong | lordarmstrong | vickersarmstrong | vickersarmstrong | elswickworks | elswickworks | williamgeorgearmstrong | williamgeorgearmstrong | vr180 | vr180 | workshopoftheworld | workshopoftheworld | scotswoodworks | scotswoodworks | vickersvr180 | vickersvr180 | vickersarmstrongcollection | vickersarmstrongcollection | 24october1949 | 24october1949

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9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT) 9.71 Functional MRI of High-Level Vision (MIT)

Description

We are now at an unprecedented point in the field of neuroscience: We can watch the human brain in action as it sees, thinks, decides, reads, and remembers. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the only method that enables us to monitor local neural activity in the normal human brain in a noninvasive fashion and with good spatial resolution. A large number of far-reaching and fundamental questions about the human mind and brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of this technology. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information including object recognition, mental imagery, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, and visual memory. The goals of this course are to help We are now at an unprecedented point in the field of neuroscience: We can watch the human brain in action as it sees, thinks, decides, reads, and remembers. Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) is the only method that enables us to monitor local neural activity in the normal human brain in a noninvasive fashion and with good spatial resolution. A large number of far-reaching and fundamental questions about the human mind and brain can now be answered using straightforward applications of this technology. This is particularly true in the area of high-level vision, the study of how we interpret and use visual information including object recognition, mental imagery, visual attention, perceptual awareness, visually guided action, and visual memory. The goals of this course are to help

Subjects

functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) | neural activity | neural activity | human | human | brain | brain | noninvasive | noninvasive | resolution | resolution | high-level vision | high-level vision | object recognition | object recognition | visual attention | visual attention | perceptual awareness | perceptual awareness | visually guided action | visually guided action | visual memory | visual memory | voxelwise analysis | voxelwise analysis | conjugate mirroring | conjugate mirroring | interleaved stimulus presentation | interleaved stimulus presentation | magnetization following excitation | magnetization following excitation | active voxels | active voxels | scanner drift | scanner drift | trial sorting | trial sorting | collinear factors | collinear factors | different model factors | different model factors | mock scanner | mock scanner | scanner session | scanner session | visual stimulation task | visual stimulation task | hemoglobin signal | hemoglobin signal | labeling plane | labeling plane | nearby voxels | nearby voxels | shimming coils | shimming coils | bias field estimation | bias field estimation | conscious encoding | conscious encoding | spiral imaging | spiral imaging | functional resolution | functional resolution | hemodynamic activity | hemodynamic activity | direct cortical stimulation | direct cortical stimulation | physiological noise | physiological noise | refractory effects | refractory effects | independent statistical tests. | independent statistical tests.

License

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18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT) 18.327 Wavelets, Filter Banks and Applications (MIT)

Description

Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications. Wavelets are localized basis functions, good for representing short-time events. The coefficients at each scale are filtered and subsampled to give coefficients at the next scale. This is Mallat's pyramid algorithm for multiresolution, connecting wavelets to filter banks. Wavelets and multiscale algorithms for compression and signal/image processing are developed. Subject is project-based for engineering and scientific applications.

Subjects

Discrete-time filters | Discrete-time filters | convolution | convolution | Fourier transform | Fourier transform | owpass and highpass filters | owpass and highpass filters | Sampling rate change operations | Sampling rate change operations | upsampling and downsampling | upsampling and downsampling | ractional sampling | ractional sampling | interpolation | interpolation | Filter Banks | Filter Banks | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | time domain (Haar example) and frequency domain | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | conditions for alias cancellation and no distortion | perfect reconstruction | perfect reconstruction | halfband filters and possible factorizations | halfband filters and possible factorizations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Modulation and polyphase representations | Noble identities | Noble identities | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | block Toeplitz matrices and block z-transforms | polyphase examples | polyphase examples | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Matlab wavelet toolbox | Orthogonal filter banks | Orthogonal filter banks | paraunitary matrices | paraunitary matrices | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | orthogonality condition (Condition O) in the time domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | modulation domain and polyphase domain | Maxflat filters | Maxflat filters | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Daubechies and Meyer formulas | Spectral factorization | Spectral factorization | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | Multiresolution Analysis (MRA) | requirements for MRA | requirements for MRA | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | nested spaces and complementary spaces; scaling functions and wavelets | Refinement equation | Refinement equation | iterative and recursive solution techniques | iterative and recursive solution techniques | infinite product formula | infinite product formula | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | filter bank approach for computing scaling functions and wavelets | Orthogonal wavelet bases | Orthogonal wavelet bases | connection to orthogonal filters | connection to orthogonal filters | orthogonality in the frequency domain | orthogonality in the frequency domain | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Biorthogonal wavelet bases | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Mallat pyramid algorithm | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | Accuracy of wavelet approximations (Condition A) | vanishing moments | vanishing moments | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | polynomial cancellation in filter banks | Smoothness of wavelet bases | Smoothness of wavelet bases | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | convergence of the cascade algorithm (Condition E) | splines | splines | Bases vs. frames | Bases vs. frames | Signal and image processing | Signal and image processing | finite length signals | finite length signals | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | boundary filters and boundary wavelets | wavelet compression algorithms | wavelet compression algorithms | Lifting | Lifting | ladder structure for filter banks | ladder structure for filter banks | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | factorization of polyphase matrix into lifting steps | lifting form of refinement equationSec | lifting form of refinement equationSec | Wavelets and subdivision | Wavelets and subdivision | nonuniform grids | nonuniform grids | multiresolution for triangular meshes | multiresolution for triangular meshes | representation and compression of surfaces | representation and compression of surfaces | Numerical solution of PDEs | Numerical solution of PDEs | Galerkin approximation | Galerkin approximation | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | wavelet integrals (projection coefficients | moments and connection coefficients) | convergence | convergence | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Subdivision wavelets for integral equations | Compression and convergence estimates | Compression and convergence estimates | M-band wavelets | M-band wavelets | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | DFT filter banks and cosine modulated filter banks | Multiwavelets | Multiwavelets

License

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22.39 Integration of Reactor Design, Operations, and Safety (MIT) 22.39 Integration of Reactor Design, Operations, and Safety (MIT)

Description

This course integrates studies of engineering sciences, reactor physics and safety assessment into nuclear power plant design. Topics include materials issues in plant design and operations, aspects of thermal design, fuel depletion and fission-product poisoning, and temperature effects on reactivity, safety considerations in regulations and operations, such as the evolution of the regulatory process, the concept of defense in depth, General Design Criteria, accident analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, and risk-informed regulations. This course integrates studies of engineering sciences, reactor physics and safety assessment into nuclear power plant design. Topics include materials issues in plant design and operations, aspects of thermal design, fuel depletion and fission-product poisoning, and temperature effects on reactivity, safety considerations in regulations and operations, such as the evolution of the regulatory process, the concept of defense in depth, General Design Criteria, accident analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, and risk-informed regulations.

Subjects

nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear power | nuclear power | NRC | NRC | PWR | PWR | pressurized water reactor | pressurized water reactor | GFR | GFR | LWR | LWR | light water reactor | light water reactor | nuclear safety | nuclear safety | meltdown | meltdown | nuclear risk | nuclear risk | PRA | PRA | probabalistic risk assessment | probabalistic risk assessment | risk assessment | risk assessment | thermal | thermal | hydraulic | hydraulic | nuclear fuel | nuclear fuel | nuclear waste | nuclear waste | accident | accident | radiation radioactivity | radiation radioactivity | nuclear plant | nuclear plant | cooling Seabrook | cooling Seabrook | fission | fission | uranium | uranium | half-life | half-life | plutonium | plutonium | economics of nuclear power | economics of nuclear power | materials slection | materials slection | IRIS | IRIS | materials selection | materials selection

License

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20.320 Analysis of Biomolecular and Cellular Systems (MIT) 20.320 Analysis of Biomolecular and Cellular Systems (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on computational and experimental analysis of biological systems across a hierarchy of scales, including genetic, molecular, cellular, and cell population levels. The two central themes of the course are modeling of complex dynamic systems and protein design and engineering. Topics include gene sequence analysis, molecular modeling, metabolic and gene regulation networks, signal transduction pathways and cell populations in tissues. Emphasis is placed on experimental methods, quantitative analysis, and computational modeling. This course focuses on computational and experimental analysis of biological systems across a hierarchy of scales, including genetic, molecular, cellular, and cell population levels. The two central themes of the course are modeling of complex dynamic systems and protein design and engineering. Topics include gene sequence analysis, molecular modeling, metabolic and gene regulation networks, signal transduction pathways and cell populations in tissues. Emphasis is placed on experimental methods, quantitative analysis, and computational modeling.

Subjects

biological engineering | biological engineering | kinase | kinase | PyMOL | PyMOL | PyRosetta | PyRosetta | MATLAB | MATLAB | Michaelis-Menten | Michaelis-Menten | bioreactor | bioreactor | bromodomain | bromodomain | protein-ligand interactions | protein-ligand interactions | titration analysis | titration analysis | fractional separation | fractional separation | isothermal titration calorimetry | isothermal titration calorimetry | ITC | ITC | mass spectrometry | mass spectrometry | MS | MS | co-immunoprecipitation | co-immunoprecipitation | Co-IP | Co-IP | Forster resonance energy transfer | Forster resonance energy transfer | FRET | FRET | primary ligation assay | primary ligation assay | PLA | PLA | surface plasmon resonance | surface plasmon resonance | SPR | SPR | enzyme kinetics | enzyme kinetics | kinase engineering | kinase engineering | competitive inhibition | competitive inhibition | epidermal growth factor receptor | epidermal growth factor receptor | mitogen-activated protein kinase | mitogen-activated protein kinase | MAPK | MAPK | genome editing | genome editing | Imatinib | Imatinib | Gleevec | Gleevec | Glivec | Glivec | drug delivery | drug delivery | kinetics of molecular processes | kinetics of molecular processes | dynamics of molecular processes | dynamics of molecular processes | kinetics of cellular processes | kinetics of cellular processes | dynamics of cellular processes | dynamics of cellular processes | intracellular scale | intracellular scale | extracellular scale | extracellular scale | and cell population scale | and cell population scale | biotechnology applications | biotechnology applications | gene regulation networks | gene regulation networks | nucleic acid hybridization | nucleic acid hybridization | signal transduction pathways | signal transduction pathways | cell populations in tissues | cell populations in tissues | cell populations in bioreactors | cell populations in bioreactors | experimental methods | experimental methods | quantitative analysis | quantitative analysis | computational modeling | computational modeling

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Naval Aircraft Factory PT-1 Naval Aircraft Factory PT-1

Description

Subjects

airplane | airplane | aircraft | aircraft | aviation | aviation | pt | pt | usnavy | usnavy | usn | usn | naf | naf | biplane | biplane | militaryaviation | militaryaviation | pt1 | pt1 | navalaviation | navalaviation | unitedstatesnavy | unitedstatesnavy | navalaircraftfactory | navalaircraftfactory | a6044 | a6044 | liberty12 | liberty12 | libertyengine | libertyengine | libertyl12 | libertyl12 | navalaircraftfactorypt | navalaircraftfactorypt | navalaircraftfactorypt1 | navalaircraftfactorypt1 | nafpt | nafpt | nafpt1 | nafpt1 | bunoa6044 | bunoa6044

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No known copyright restrictions

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22.251 Systems Analysis of the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (MIT)

Description

This course provides an in-depth technical and policy analysis of various options for the nuclear fuel cycle. Topics include uranium supply, enrichment fuel fabrication, in-core physics and fuel management of uranium, thorium and other fuel types, reprocessing and waste disposal. Also covered are the principles of fuel cycle economics and the applied reactor physics of both contemporary and proposed thermal and fast reactors. Nonproliferation aspects, disposal of excess weapons plutonium, and transmutation of actinides and selected fission products in spent fuel are examined. Several state-of-the-art computer programs are provided for student use in problem sets and term papers.

Subjects

nuclear fuel | nuclear fuel cycle | thorium fuel | dry recycling | transmutation | radioactive waste disposal | waste storage | nuclear waste | nuclear reactor analysis | fuel cell design | reactor design | fast reactors | breeder reactors | CANDU reactor | light water reactor | LWR | nuclear non-proliferation | plutonium recycling

License

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22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics (MIT) 22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics (MIT)

Description

This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point kinetics, and fission-product poisoning. We emphasize the nuclear physics basis of reactor design and its relationship to reactor engineering problems. This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point kinetics, and fission-product poisoning. We emphasize the nuclear physics basis of reactor design and its relationship to reactor engineering problems.

Subjects

reactor physics | reactor physics | reactor layout | reactor layout | binding energy | binding energy | fission | fission | neutron cross-sections | neutron cross-sections | liquid drop model | liquid drop model | neutron life cycle | neutron life cycle | criticality | criticality | accidents | accidents | neutron flux | neutron flux | neutron current | neutron current | neutron diffusion theory | neutron diffusion theory | elastic neutron scattering | elastic neutron scattering | group diffusion method | group diffusion method | subcritical multiplication | subcritical multiplication | point kinetics | point kinetics | dynamic period equation | dynamic period equation | inhour equation | inhour equation | shutdown margin | shutdown margin

License

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9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science (MIT) 9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science (MIT)

Description

9.63 teaches principles of experimental methods in human perception and cognition, including design and statistical analysis. The course combines lectures and hands-on experimental exercises and requires an independent experimental project. Some experience in programming is desirable. To foster improved writing and presentation skills in conducting and critiquing research in cognitive science, students are required to provide reports and give oral presentations of three team experiments. A fourth individually conducted experiment includes a proposal with revision, and concluding written and oral reports. 9.63 teaches principles of experimental methods in human perception and cognition, including design and statistical analysis. The course combines lectures and hands-on experimental exercises and requires an independent experimental project. Some experience in programming is desirable. To foster improved writing and presentation skills in conducting and critiquing research in cognitive science, students are required to provide reports and give oral presentations of three team experiments. A fourth individually conducted experiment includes a proposal with revision, and concluding written and oral reports.

Subjects

cognitive science | cognitive science | human perception | human perception | cognition | cognition | statistical analysis | statistical analysis | signal detection theory | signal detection theory | single factor design | single factor design | factorial design | factorial design | matlab | matlab | correlational studies | correlational studies | ethics in research | ethics in research

License

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9.14 Brain Structure and its Origins (MIT) 9.14 Brain Structure and its Origins (MIT)

Description

This course covers major CNS structures with emphasis on systems being used as models for experimental studies of development and plasticity. Topics include basic patterns of connections in CNS, embryogenesis, PNS anatomy and development, process outgrowth and synaptogenesis, growth factors and cell survival, spinal and hindbrain anatomy, and development of regional specificity with an introduction to comparative anatomy and CNS evolution. A review of lab techniques (anatomy, tissue culture) is also covered as well as the trigeminal system, retinotectal system development, plasticity, regeneration, neocortex anatomy and development, the olfactory system, corpus striatum, brain transplants, the limbic system and hippocampal anatomy and plasticity. This course covers major CNS structures with emphasis on systems being used as models for experimental studies of development and plasticity. Topics include basic patterns of connections in CNS, embryogenesis, PNS anatomy and development, process outgrowth and synaptogenesis, growth factors and cell survival, spinal and hindbrain anatomy, and development of regional specificity with an introduction to comparative anatomy and CNS evolution. A review of lab techniques (anatomy, tissue culture) is also covered as well as the trigeminal system, retinotectal system development, plasticity, regeneration, neocortex anatomy and development, the olfactory system, corpus striatum, brain transplants, the limbic system and hippocampal anatomy and plasticity.

Subjects

CNS structures | CNS structures | development | development | plasticity | plasticity | anatomy | anatomy | tissue culture | tissue culture | embryogenesis | embryogenesis | PNS anatomy and development | PNS anatomy and development | process outgrowth | process outgrowth | synaptogenesis | synaptogenesis | growth factors | growth factors | cell survival | cell survival | spinal and hindbrain anatomy | spinal and hindbrain anatomy | comparative anatomy | comparative anatomy | CNS evolution | CNS evolution | trigeminal system | trigeminal system | retinotectal system | retinotectal system | regeneration | regeneration | neocortex anatomy | neocortex anatomy | olfactory system | olfactory system | corpus striatum | corpus striatum | brain transplants | brain transplants | limbic system | limbic system | Development | Development

License

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22.39 Integration of Reactor Design, Operations, and Safety (MIT) 22.39 Integration of Reactor Design, Operations, and Safety (MIT)

Description

This course integrates studies of engineering sciences, reactor physics and safety assessment into nuclear power plant design. Topics include materials issues in plant design and operations, aspects of thermal design, fuel depletion and fission-product poisoning, and temperature effects on reactivity, safety considerations in regulations and operations, such as the evolution of the regulatory process, the concept of defense in depth, General Design Criteria, accident analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, and risk-informed regulations.Technical RequirementsSpecial software is required to use some of the files in this course: .exe and .zip. The .in files are input data files. This course integrates studies of engineering sciences, reactor physics and safety assessment into nuclear power plant design. Topics include materials issues in plant design and operations, aspects of thermal design, fuel depletion and fission-product poisoning, and temperature effects on reactivity, safety considerations in regulations and operations, such as the evolution of the regulatory process, the concept of defense in depth, General Design Criteria, accident analysis, probabilistic risk assessment, and risk-informed regulations.Technical RequirementsSpecial software is required to use some of the files in this course: .exe and .zip. The .in files are input data files.

Subjects

nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear power | nuclear power | NRC | NRC | PWR | PWR | pressurized water reactor | pressurized water reactor | GFR | GFR | nuclear safety | nuclear safety | meltdown | meltdown | nuclear risk | nuclear risk | PRA | PRA | probabalistic risk assessment | probabalistic risk assessment | risk assessment | risk assessment | thermal | thermal | hydraulic | hydraulic | nuclear fuel | nuclear fuel | nuclear waste | nuclear waste | accident | accident | radiation | radiation | radioactivity | radioactivity | nuclear plant | nuclear plant | cooling | cooling | seabrook | seabrook | fission | fission | uranium | uranium | half-life | half-life | plutonium | plutonium

License

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22.312 Engineering of Nuclear Reactors (MIT) 22.312 Engineering of Nuclear Reactors (MIT)

Description

This course covers engineering principles of nuclear reactors, emphasizing power reactors. Topics include power plant thermodynamics, reactor heat generation and removal (single-phase as well as two-phase coolant flow and heat transfer), and structural mechanics. Engineering considerations in reactor design are also covered. The course objective is to understand and model the thermal-hydraulic and mechanical phenomena key to the effective, reliable and safe design and operation of nuclear systems.This course is taught by Prof. Jacopo Buongiorno. More information is available on his Web site. This course covers engineering principles of nuclear reactors, emphasizing power reactors. Topics include power plant thermodynamics, reactor heat generation and removal (single-phase as well as two-phase coolant flow and heat transfer), and structural mechanics. Engineering considerations in reactor design are also covered. The course objective is to understand and model the thermal-hydraulic and mechanical phenomena key to the effective, reliable and safe design and operation of nuclear systems.This course is taught by Prof. Jacopo Buongiorno. More information is available on his Web site.

Subjects

power | power | reactors | reactors | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | heat generation and removal | heat generation and removal | coolant flow | coolant flow | single-phase coolant flow | single-phase coolant flow | two-phase coolant flow | two-phase coolant flow | reactor design | reactor design | structural mechanics | structural mechanics

License

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22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT) 22.313 Thermal Hydraulics in Nuclear Power Technology (MIT)

Description

This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis.Starting in Spring 2007, this course will be offered jointly in the Departments of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering, and will be titled "Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology." This course covers the thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena and analysis methods for conventional and nuclear power stations. Specific topics include: kinematics and dynamics of two-phase flows; steam separation; boiling, instabilities, and critical conditions; single-channel transient analysis; multiple channels connected at plena; loop analysis including single and two-phase natural circulation; and subchannel analysis.Starting in Spring 2007, this course will be offered jointly in the Departments of Nuclear Science and Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, and Chemical Engineering, and will be titled "Thermal Hydraulics in Power Technology."

Subjects

reactor | reactor | nuclear reactor | nuclear reactor | thermal behavior | thermal behavior | hydraulic | hydraulic | hydraulic behavior | hydraulic behavior | heat | heat | modeling | modeling | steam | steam | stability | stability | instability | instability | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | thermo-fluid dynamic phenomena | single-heated channel-transient analysis | single-heated channel-transient analysis | Multiple-heated channels | Multiple-heated channels | Loop analysis | Loop analysis | single and two-phase natural circulation | single and two-phase natural circulation | Kinematics | Kinematics | two-phase flows | two-phase flows | subchannel analysis | subchannel analysis | Core thermal analysis | Core thermal analysis

License

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12.006J Nonlinear Dynamics I: Chaos (MIT) 12.006J Nonlinear Dynamics I: Chaos (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the theory and phenomenology of nonlinear dynamics and chaos in dissipative systems. The content is structured to be of general interest to undergraduates in science and engineering. This course provides an introduction to the theory and phenomenology of nonlinear dynamics and chaos in dissipative systems. The content is structured to be of general interest to undergraduates in science and engineering.

Subjects

Forced and parametric oscillators | Forced and parametric oscillators | Phase space | Phase space | Periodic | quasiperiodic | and aperiodic flows | Periodic | quasiperiodic | and aperiodic flows | Sensitivity to initial conditions and strange attractors | Sensitivity to initial conditions and strange attractors | Lorenz attractor | Lorenz attractor | Period doubling | intermittency | and quasiperiodicity | Period doubling | intermittency | and quasiperiodicity | Scaling and universality | Scaling and universality | Analysis of experimental data: Fourier transforms | Analysis of experimental data: Fourier transforms | Poincar? sections | Poincar? sections | fractal dimension | fractal dimension | Lyaponov exponents | Lyaponov exponents

License

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8.851 Strong Interactions (MIT) 8.851 Strong Interactions (MIT)

Description

Strong Interactions is a course in the construction and application of effective field theories, which are a modern tool of choice in making predictions based on the Standard Model. Concepts such as matching, renormalization, the operator product expansion, power counting, and running with the renormalization group will be discussed. Topics will be taken from heavy quark decays and CP violation, factorization in hard processes (deep inelastic scattering and exclusive processes), non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD), chiral perturbation theory, few-nucleon systems, and possibly other Standard Model subjects. Strong Interactions is a course in the construction and application of effective field theories, which are a modern tool of choice in making predictions based on the Standard Model. Concepts such as matching, renormalization, the operator product expansion, power counting, and running with the renormalization group will be discussed. Topics will be taken from heavy quark decays and CP violation, factorization in hard processes (deep inelastic scattering and exclusive processes), non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD), chiral perturbation theory, few-nucleon systems, and possibly other Standard Model subjects.

Subjects

matching | matching | renormalization | renormalization | the operator product expansion | the operator product expansion | power counting | power counting | heavy quark decays | heavy quark decays | CP violation | CP violation | factorization in hard processes | factorization in hard processes | non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD) | non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD) | chiral perturbation theory | chiral perturbation theory | few-nucleon systems | few-nucleon systems | strong force | strong force | quarks | quarks | relativistic quantum field theory | relativistic quantum field theory | quantum chromodynamics | quantum chromodynamics | QCD | QCD | QCD Langrangian | QCD Langrangian | asymptotic freedom | asymptotic freedom | deep inelastic scattering | deep inelastic scattering | jets | jets | QCD vacuum | QCD vacuum | instantons | instantons | U(1) proglem | U(1) proglem | lattice gauge theory | lattice gauge theory | strong interactions | strong interactions | standard model | standard model | operator product expansion | operator product expansion | factorization | factorization | hard processes | hard processes | exclusive processes | exclusive processes | non-relativistic bound states | non-relativistic bound states | QED | QED | massive particles | massive particles | effective field theory | effective field theory | soft-collinear effective theory | soft-collinear effective theory

License

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11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT) 11.487 Urban Public Finance in Developing Countries (MIT)

Description

This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs; the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development; determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government; evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions; and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors. This readings-based course analyzes the structure and operation of government systems in developing countries, with particular emphasis on regional and local governments. Major topics include: the role of decentralization in national economic reform programs; the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development; determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government; evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions; and assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform. Emphasis is on basic economic concerns, with consideration given to political, institutional, and cultural factors.

Subjects

basic economic concerns | basic economic concerns | political | political | institutional | institutional | and cultural factors | and cultural factors | decentralization in national economic reform programs | decentralization in national economic reform programs | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | the potential impact of decentralized governments on local economic development | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | determination of optimal arrangements for sharing fiscal responsibilities among levels of government | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | evaluation of local revenue and expenditure decisions | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | assessment of prospects and options for intergovernmental fiscal reform | political | institutional | and cultural factors | political | institutional | and cultural factors | developing countries | developing countries | public goods | public goods | externalities | externalities | economic development | economic development | balance sheets | balance sheets | fiscal gap | fiscal gap | revenues | revenues | expenditures | expenditures | budget deficits | budget deficits | inflation | inflation | public finance theory | public finance theory | efficiency | efficiency | optimal taxation | optimal taxation | optimal user fees | optimal user fees | basic microeconomic theory | basic microeconomic theory | equity | equity | incidence | incidence | general equilibrium model | general equilibrium model | property taxation | property taxation | tax reform | tax reform | intergovernmental fiscal relations | intergovernmental fiscal relations | fiscal federalism | fiscal federalism | decentralization | decentralization | transfers | transfers | international lending agencies | international lending agencies | programming assistance | programming assistance | conditionalities | conditionalities | public debt | public debt | structural adjustment | structural adjustment | private sector participation | private sector participation | microfinance | microfinance

License

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