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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered. This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

License

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT)

Description

Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years. Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT) HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT)

Description

Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders. Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders.

Subjects

cochlear physiology | cochlear physiology | cochlea | cochlea | ear | ear | ear canal | ear canal | inner ear | inner ear | middle ear | middle ear | outer ear | outer ear | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | auditory nerve | auditory nerve | auditory brainstem | auditory brainstem | acoustic coupling | acoustic coupling | auditory periphery | auditory periphery | acoustic signals | acoustic signals | sound transmission | sound transmission | cochlear amplification | cochlear amplification | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | hair cell transduction | hair cell transduction | efferent feedback control | efferent feedback control | hearing disorders | hearing disorders | hearing | hearing | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory nerve fiber response | auditory nerve fiber response | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | outer hair cell | outer hair cell

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT) HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT)

Description

In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss. In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss.

Subjects

peripheral auditory system | peripheral auditory system | hair cells | hair cells | frequency tuning | frequency tuning | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | mechano-electric transduction | mechano-electric transduction | outer hair cells | outer hair cells | electromotility | electromotility | cochlear amplifier | cochlear amplifier | endocochlear potential | endocochlear potential | inner ear | inner ear | ear | ear | afferent synaptic transmission | afferent synaptic transmission | auditory nerve response | auditory nerve response | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | middle ear | middle ear

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered.

Subjects

visual system | eye-movement control | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | the parallel channels | color | motion | depth | form | neural control | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | ascending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT)

Description

Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years.

Subjects

visual system | eye-movement control | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | the parallel channels | color | motion | depth | form | neural control | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | ascending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.750 Modeling Issues in Speech and Hearing (MIT) HST.750 Modeling Issues in Speech and Hearing (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory and practice of scientific modeling in the context of auditory and speech biophysics. Based on seminar-style discussions of the research literature, the class draws on examples from hearing and speech, and explores general, meta-theoretical issues that transcend the particular subject matter. Examples include: What is a model? What is the process of model building? What are the different approaches to modeling? What is the relationship between theory and experiment? How are models tested? What constitutes a good model? This course explores the theory and practice of scientific modeling in the context of auditory and speech biophysics. Based on seminar-style discussions of the research literature, the class draws on examples from hearing and speech, and explores general, meta-theoretical issues that transcend the particular subject matter. Examples include: What is a model? What is the process of model building? What are the different approaches to modeling? What is the relationship between theory and experiment? How are models tested? What constitutes a good model?

Subjects

hearing | hearing | speech | speech | modeling biology | modeling biology | network model of the ear | network model of the ear | model building | model building | dimensional analysis and scaling | dimensional analysis and scaling | resampling | resampling | monte carlo | monte carlo | forward vs. inverse | forward vs. inverse | chaos | chaos | limits of prediction | limits of prediction | hodgkin | hodgkin | huxley | huxley | molecular mathematic biology | molecular mathematic biology | cochlear input impedance | cochlear input impedance | auditory network | auditory network | auditory morphology | auditory morphology | electric model of neural cell fiber | electric model of neural cell fiber | electric diagrams of neural cells | electric diagrams of neural cells | linear regression | linear regression | sensitivity analysis | sensitivity analysis | cochlea | cochlea | inner ear | inner ear | middle ear | middle ear | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | scientific literature | scientific literature | analysis | analysis | paper analysis | paper analysis | tent maps | tent maps | quadratic maps | quadratic maps

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.723J Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT) HST.723J Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. Discussions cover how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants. This course focuses on neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. Discussions cover how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants.

Subjects

HST.723 | HST.723 | 9.285 | 9.285 | sound perception | sound perception | neural coding | neural coding | neural structures | neural structures | neural mechanisms | neural mechanisms | sound localization | sound localization | acoustic signals | acoustic signals | auditory neurons | auditory neurons | temporal coding | temporal coding | neural maps | neural maps | feature detectors | feature detectors | learning and plasticity | learning and plasticity | auditory masking | auditory masking | musical pitch | musical pitch | speech coding | speech coding | cochlear implants | cochlear implants | auditory system | auditory system | binaural interactions | binaural interactions | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | binaural hearing | binaural hearing | frequency selectivity | frequency selectivity | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | scene analysis | scene analysis | object formation | object formation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT)

Description

Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders.

Subjects

cochlear physiology | cochlea | ear | ear canal | inner ear | middle ear | outer ear | auditory pathway | auditory nerve | auditory brainstem | acoustic coupling | auditory periphery | acoustic signals | sound transmission | cochlear amplification | synaptic transmission | hair cell transduction | efferent feedback control | hearing disorders | hearing | cochlear mechanics | basilar membrane | auditory nerve fiber response | otoacoustic emissions | outer hair cell

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT)

Description

In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss.

Subjects

peripheral auditory system | hair cells | frequency tuning | cochlear mechanics | mechano-electric transduction | outer hair cells | electromotility | cochlear amplifier | endocochlear potential | inner ear | ear | afferent synaptic transmission | auditory nerve response | auditory pathway | middle ear

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory. This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | simple cells | simple cells | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | tonotopy | tonotopy | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.723 Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT) HST.723 Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT)

Description

Neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. We will discuss how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants. Neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. We will discuss how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants.

Subjects

hearing | hearing | neural structures | neural structures | auditory masking | auditory masking | acoustics | acoustics | signal transformations | signal transformations | temporal coding | temporal coding | neural maps | neural maps | feature detectors | feature detectors | learning | learning | plasticity | plasticity | feedback control | feedback control | sound localization | sound localization | musical pitch | musical pitch | speech coding | speech coding | cochlear implants | cochlear implants

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.551J Acoustics of Speech and Hearing (MIT) 6.551J Acoustics of Speech and Hearing (MIT)

Description

The Acoustics of Speech and Hearing is an H-Level graduate course that reviews the physical processes involved in the production, propagation and reception of human speech. Particular attention is paid to how the acoustics and mechanics of the speech and auditory system define what sounds we are capable of producing and what sounds we can sense. Areas of discussion include: the acoustic cues used in determining the direction of a sound source, the acoustic and mechanical mechanisms involved in speech production and the acoustic and mechanical mechanism used to transduce and analyze sounds in the ear. The Acoustics of Speech and Hearing is an H-Level graduate course that reviews the physical processes involved in the production, propagation and reception of human speech. Particular attention is paid to how the acoustics and mechanics of the speech and auditory system define what sounds we are capable of producing and what sounds we can sense. Areas of discussion include: the acoustic cues used in determining the direction of a sound source, the acoustic and mechanical mechanisms involved in speech production and the acoustic and mechanical mechanism used to transduce and analyze sounds in the ear.

Subjects

HST.714 | HST.714 | sound | sound | speech communication | speech communication | human anatomy | human anatomy | speech production | speech production | sound production | sound production | airflow | airflow | filtering | filtering | vocal tract | vocal tract | auditory physiology | auditory physiology | acoustical waves | acoustical waves | mechanical vibrations | mechanical vibrations | cochlear structures | cochlear structures | sound perception | sound perception | spatial hearing | spatial hearing | masking | masking | auditory frequency selectivity | auditory frequency selectivity | physical processes | physical processes | sound propagation | sound propagation | human speech | human speech | acoustics | acoustics | speech mechanics | speech mechanics | auditory system | auditory system | sound direction | sound direction | ear | ear | 6.551 | 6.551

License

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain. This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.722J Brain Mechanisms for Hearing and Speech (MIT) HST.722J Brain Mechanisms for Hearing and Speech (MIT)

Description

An advanced course covering anatomical, physiological, behavioral, and computational studies of the central nervous system relevant to speech and hearing. Students learn primarily by discussions of scientific papers on topics of current interest. Recent topics include cell types and neural circuits in the auditory brainstem, organization and processing in the auditory cortex, auditory reflexes and descending systems, functional imaging of the human auditory system, quantitative methods for relating neural responses to behavior, speech motor control, cortical representation of language, and auditory learning in songbirds. An advanced course covering anatomical, physiological, behavioral, and computational studies of the central nervous system relevant to speech and hearing. Students learn primarily by discussions of scientific papers on topics of current interest. Recent topics include cell types and neural circuits in the auditory brainstem, organization and processing in the auditory cortex, auditory reflexes and descending systems, functional imaging of the human auditory system, quantitative methods for relating neural responses to behavior, speech motor control, cortical representation of language, and auditory learning in songbirds.

Subjects

HST.722 | HST.722 | 9.044 | 9.044 | separation operations | separation operations | recovery of products from biological processes | recovery of products from biological processes | membrane filtration | membrane filtration | chromatography | chromatography | centrifugation | centrifugation | cell disruption | cell disruption | extraction | extraction | process design | process design | downstream processing | downstream processing | biochemical product recovery | biochemical product recovery | modes of recovery and purification | modes of recovery and purification | biochemical engineering | biochemical engineering | hearing | hearing | speech | speech | auditory brainstem | auditory brainstem | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | auditory reflexes | auditory reflexes | descending systems | descending systems | human auditory system | human auditory system | speech motor control | speech motor control | auditory learning | auditory learning | cortical representation | cortical representation | dorsal cochlear nucleus | dorsal cochlear nucleus | neural coding | neural coding | thalamo-cortical organization | thalamo-cortical organization | thalamo-cortical processing | thalamo-cortical processing | audio-visual integration | audio-visual integration

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.730 Molecular Biology for the Auditory System (MIT) HST.730 Molecular Biology for the Auditory System (MIT)

Description

An introductory course in the molecular biology of the auditory system. First half focuses on human genetics and molecular biology, covering fundamentals of pedigree analysis, linkage analysis, molecular cloning, and gene analysis as well as ethical/legal issues, all in the context of an auditory disorder. Second half emphasizes molecular approaches to function and dysfunction of the cochlea, and is based on readings and discussion of research literature. An introductory course in the molecular biology of the auditory system. First half focuses on human genetics and molecular biology, covering fundamentals of pedigree analysis, linkage analysis, molecular cloning, and gene analysis as well as ethical/legal issues, all in the context of an auditory disorder. Second half emphasizes molecular approaches to function and dysfunction of the cochlea, and is based on readings and discussion of research literature.

Subjects

molecular biology | molecular biology | auditory system | auditory system | human genetics | human genetics | pedigree analysis | pedigree analysis | linkage | linkage | cloning | cloning | ethics | ethics | legal | legal | disorder | disorder | cochlea | cochlea | research literature | research literature

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.750 Modeling Issues in Speech and Hearing (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory and practice of scientific modeling in the context of auditory and speech biophysics. Based on seminar-style discussions of the research literature, the class draws on examples from hearing and speech, and explores general, meta-theoretical issues that transcend the particular subject matter. Examples include: What is a model? What is the process of model building? What are the different approaches to modeling? What is the relationship between theory and experiment? How are models tested? What constitutes a good model?

Subjects

hearing | speech | modeling biology | network model of the ear | model building | dimensional analysis and scaling | resampling | monte carlo | forward vs. inverse | chaos | limits of prediction | hodgkin | huxley | molecular mathematic biology | cochlear input impedance | auditory network | auditory morphology | electric model of neural cell fiber | electric diagrams of neural cells | linear regression | sensitivity analysis | cochlea | inner ear | middle ear | auditory cortex | scientific literature | analysis | paper analysis | tent maps | quadratic maps

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.723J Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. Discussions cover how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants.

Subjects

HST.723 | 9.285 | sound perception | neural coding | neural structures | neural mechanisms | sound localization | acoustic signals | auditory neurons | temporal coding | neural maps | feature detectors | learning and plasticity | auditory masking | musical pitch | speech coding | cochlear implants | auditory system | binaural interactions | cochlear nucleus | binaural hearing | frequency selectivity | auditory cortex | scene analysis | object formation

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Hearing

Description

Hearing is a familiar and important human sense that is a topic naturally of interest to those who are curious about human biology. This unit will enable you to relate what you read to your own sensory experiences – and indeed many of the questions asked have exactly that function. This unit will be best understood by those with some biological understanding.

Subjects

cochlear | mechanoreceptor | science and nature | auditory_cortex | auditory_perception | biology | brain | coding | ear | frequency | hearing | pitch | science | sound_localisation | Education | X000

License

Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Cranial nerves

Description

This topic starts with an overview of the 12 cranial nerves, accompanied by a specimen of the brain overlaid with an anatomical drawing illustrating the precise positions of the nerves. An interactive animation then allows the user to explore the structure and function of each of the cranial nerves in detail. Each cranial nerve description is supplemented with an anatomical drawing and a gross image of the relevant area.

Subjects

cranial nerve | brain | anatomy | accessory | facial | glossopharyngeal | hypoglossal | oculomotor | olfactory | optic | trigeminal | trochlear | vagus | vestibulocochlear | ukoer | ooer | medev | Medicine and Dentistry | Subjects allied to Medicine | Biological Sciences | SAFETY | Anatomy | Learning | Teaching | Institutions | Students | UK EL10 = SCQF 10 | Honours degree | Graduate diploma | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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Hearing

Description

Subjects

Biology | hearing | cochlear | CharityWise | frequency | communication channel | brains | communication modes and models | feedback loop | pitch

License

Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0 Except for third party materials and otherwise stated in the acknowledgement section (see our terms and conditions http://www.open.ac.uk/conditions) this content is made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 Licence. - http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0

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Hearing

Description

Hearing is a familiar and important human sense that is a topic naturally of interest to those who are curious about human biology. This free course will enable you to relate what you read to your own sensory experiences and indeed many of the questions asked have exactly that function. This course will be best understood by those with some biological understanding. First published on Tue, 16 May 2017 as Hearing. To find out more visit The Open University's Openlearn website. Creative-Commons 2017

Subjects

Biology | hearing | cochlear | CharityWise | frequency | communication channel | brains | communication modes and models | feedback loop | pitch

License

Licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution - NonCommercial-ShareAlike 2.0 Licence - see http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | simple cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | tonotopy | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.723 Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT)

Description

Neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. We will discuss how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants.

Subjects

hearing | neural structures | auditory masking | acoustics | signal transformations | temporal coding | neural maps | feature detectors | learning | plasticity | feedback control | sound localization | musical pitch | speech coding | cochlear implants

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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