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Ryan Aeronautical Image

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aviation | aircraft | airplane | aerialdrone | drone | unmannedaircraft | unmannedairvehicle | uav | reconnaissanceaircraft | reconnaissance | teledyne | ryan | teledyneryan | teledyneryanyqm98compasscope | ryanyqm98compasscope | yqm98 | compasscope | yqm98compasscope | yqm98acompasscoper | yqm98a | compasscoper | ryanyqm98compasscoper | ryanyqm98acompasscoper | yqm98compasscoper | coper | ryanyqm98rtern | yqm98rtern | ryanyqm98artern | yqm98artern | rtern | garrettairesearch | garrett | garrettatf3 | atf3 | garrettf104 | f104 | garrettyf104ga100 | yf104ga100 | f104ga100

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6.832 Underactuated Robotics (MIT) 6.832 Underactuated Robotics (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Robots today move far too conservatively, using control systems that attempt to maintain full control authority at all times. Humans and animals move much more aggressively by routinely executing motions which involve a loss of instantaneous control authority. Controlling nonlinear systems without complete control authority requires methods that can reason about and exploit the natural dynamics of our machines. This course discusses nonlinear dynamics and control of underactuated mechanical systems, with an emphasis on machine learning methods. Topics include nonlinear dynamics of passive robots (walkers, swimmers, flyers), motion planning, partial feedback linearization, energy-shaping control, analytical optimal control, reinforcement learning/a Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Robots today move far too conservatively, using control systems that attempt to maintain full control authority at all times. Humans and animals move much more aggressively by routinely executing motions which involve a loss of instantaneous control authority. Controlling nonlinear systems without complete control authority requires methods that can reason about and exploit the natural dynamics of our machines. This course discusses nonlinear dynamics and control of underactuated mechanical systems, with an emphasis on machine learning methods. Topics include nonlinear dynamics of passive robots (walkers, swimmers, flyers), motion planning, partial feedback linearization, energy-shaping control, analytical optimal control, reinforcement learning/a

Subjects

underactuated robotics | underactuated robotics | actuated systems | actuated systems | nonlinear dynamics | nonlinear dynamics | simple pendulum | simple pendulum | optimal control | optimal control | double integrator | double integrator | quadratic regulator | quadratic regulator | Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman sufficiency | Hamilton-Jacobi-Bellman sufficiency | minimum time control | minimum time control | acrobot | acrobot | cart-pole | cart-pole | partial feedback linearization | partial feedback linearization | energy shaping | energy shaping | policy search | policy search | open-loop optimal control | open-loop optimal control | trajectory stabilization | trajectory stabilization | iterative linear quadratic regulator | iterative linear quadratic regulator | differential dynamic programming | differential dynamic programming | walking models | walking models | rimless wheel | rimless wheel | compass gait | compass gait | kneed compass gait | kneed compass gait | feedback control | feedback control | running models | running models | spring-loaded inverted pendulum | spring-loaded inverted pendulum | Raibert hoppers | Raibert hoppers | motion planning | motion planning | randomized motion planning | randomized motion planning | rapidly-exploring randomized trees | rapidly-exploring randomized trees | probabilistic road maps | probabilistic road maps | feedback motion planning | feedback motion planning | planning with funnels | planning with funnels | linear quadratic regulator | linear quadratic regulator | function approximation | function approximation | state distribution dynamics | state distribution dynamics | state estimation | state estimation | stochastic optimal control | stochastic optimal control | aircraft | aircraft | swimming | swimming | flapping flight | flapping flight | randomized policy gradient | randomized policy gradient | model-free value methods | model-free value methods | temporarl difference learning | temporarl difference learning | Q-learning | Q-learning | actor-critic methods | actor-critic methods

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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What are the consequences of changing policies for family migrants in the UK?

Description

Caroline Oliver and Juan Camilo give a talk for the COMPAS Breakfast Briefing series. here has been considerable change in policies affecting migrants coming to and live in the UK as family members over recent years. Last year on 9th July 2012, the entry requirements were revised to incorporate an increased income threshold for the sponsor of non-EU spouses, while the period of time before they become eligible for permanent residence (and in which they face limited access to certain benefits) has been extended. Reasons given for such policies are to decrease the burden on the state and to foster integration. What impact have such policies had on the lives and experiences of family migrants? One year on from the changes, the briefing will offer evidence from two projects: an 18-month projec Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Building Regionality into Immigration Policy: Does it Work? Evidence from Canada

Description

Professor Robert E Wright gives a talk for the Centre for Migration, Policy and Society. Most of the countries of Europe are ageing rapidly, with population and labour force decline being expected in the near future. Although politically unpopular, the governments of most of these countries view managed immigration as being the main way to expand their labour forces. However, most of these countries do not have in place immigration systems that 'select the best'. However, this is changing. For example, a points-based immigration system has been introduced in the United Kingdom. This system puts factors such as employability, skills and language ability (or more generally 'human capital') at the centre of immigration policy. Although the system is often portrayed as being new or novel i Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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What does the 2011 census tell us about ethnic diversity and integration in England and Wales?

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Ludi Simpson and Stephen Jivraj give a talk for the COMPAS Breakfast Briefing series. The 2011 Census updates our knowledge about ethnic inequalities in work, housing, education, health and residential patterns. The first results have confirmed the growing ethnic diversity of the UK population, a spreading out of minority populations, and more mixed ethnicity within families and households. For the first time the Census has asked questions on language proficiency and national identity. What does this new information mean for integration of immigrants and their offspring into the communities where they settle? How can the information help to target areas and populations to improve integration? Which trends suggest new contexts for policy? The briefing will give an overview distinguishing su Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Rethinking Migration: Joining the dots between migration, trade theory and business strategy

Description

Diane Coyle discusses labour migration movements across borders through firm's decision problems and strategic thinking. The aim of the series is to explore the how migration research has re-configured the social sciences over the past 10 years and in turn how changes in the social sciences have influenced the study of mobility and migration, their patterns, consequences and policies. Each seminar will focus on one of the six COMPAS core research themes; flows and dynamics, labour markets, citizenship and belonging, urban change and settlement, welfare, and the Migration Observatory. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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sense of belonging

Description

In the United States, the right to territorial belonging is the only inalienable right U.S. citizens have, and this right is exclusive to U.S. citizens. Most scholarship on citizenship examines how rights are distributed within a polity, yet rarely considers how citizenship can function as a barrier to territorial rights - the right to live in a particular place. This talk draws from interviews with 30 Jamaican deported former legal permanent residents of the United States to address the question: What can we learn about the construction of citizenship in the 21st century through a consideration of people denied territorial rights? Addressing this question enhances our understanding of citizenship in two ways: 1) Tanya Golash Boza calls into question the assumption that citizenship rights Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Lives in Limbo; Immigration, Schooling, and the and the Transition to Illegality

Description

The recent political debates in the United States have raised awareness of the untenable situation facing more than 2.1 million undocumented immigrant children and young adults who have lived in the U.S. since childhood. Each year, tens of thousands of undocumented youngsters leave American high schools to embark upon uncertain futures. But until now, very little has been known about the ways in which these young people come of age and how legal barriers shape their adolescent and adult trajectories. Drawing on extensive fieldwork in Greater Los Angeles, and 150 life history interviews with 20-34 year old, Mexican-origin, undocumented young adults, this study finds that conflicting and contradictory laws uncomfortably position undocumented immigrant youth between spaces of belonging and il Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Campzenship: rethinking the camp as a political space

Description

Nando Sigona, University of Birmingham, gives a talk for the COMPAS seminar series. Drawing on ethnographic research in Italian refugee/nomad camps where forcibly displaced Roma from former Yugoslavia were sheltered, this talk reflects on the spatial dimension of social relations and the social construction of spaces in camps and camp-like institutions. It argues that Agamben conceptualisation of the camp as a space of exception fails to grasp the complexity of social relations in camps. Focusing on the resources, entitlements, and rights of camp residents and their interactions with the state apparatus, the paper explores what Nando Sigona term the comfort of exceptionality, and proposes the concept of campzenship to capture the specific form of citizenship produced in/by the camp, and th Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Citizenship Shadow; Obscene Inclusion, Abject Belonging, or, the Regularities of Migrant Irregularity

Description

This talk introduces the proposition that citizenship and alienage (or migrant status) may be best understood as two key figures of a spectrum of bordered identities. - categorical distinctions among different sorts of people configured in relation to territorially defined states by the differences in space produced by borders. Thinking with the concept of bordered identities, it becomes possible to better appreciate how bordered exclusions do an inclusionary work that is inseparable from the systemic processes of migrant illegalization and the subordination of migrant labour. By juxtaposing the scene of exclusion to what may be called the obscene of inclusion, we likewise complicate conventional notions of belonging and various sorts of abject belonging or membership come better into view Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Care, Markets and Migration in European Welfare States: Why the study of migration is important to social policy and vice versa

Description

Fiona Williams looks at different approaches taken by social policy to race, ethnicity, and migration, and proposes implications for social justice that emerge. She places inequalities of gender, race and status at the centre of the consideration of the welfare state. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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in Question

Description

Nicholas de Genova examines what Europe is and means through the existence of migrants. Discussing integration and cohesion in Europe as viewed when migration is considered 'a problem', touching on issues of national identity, value and sovereignty framed through issues of migration. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Migration and inter-generational replacement in Britain and Europe

Description

Chris Wilson discusses replacement migration in Britain and Europe, from a demography perspective, explaining a newly developed system for looking replacement ratios. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The Price of Rights. Labour immigration policy and the rights of migrant workers

Description

Martin Ruhs outlines the findings of his new book 'The Price of Rights', discussing the trade off between openness to migrants and access to rights. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Border Regimes and Human Rights

Description

David Miller examines the effects and results of border regimes on human rights, from a political philosophy perspective. He states that border regimes are damaging in terms of human rights. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Do Human Rights Treaties Help or Hurt Asylum-Seekers?: The U.K. Case

Description

Stephen Meili looks at how human rights treaties are applied in the UK court systems to applications by asylum seekers. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Integrating the human rights of migrants into the global governance of migration: the 2013 High-Level Dialogue and beyond

Description

Oberoi discusses the process of migration being governed with a focus on human rights. Including a look at spaces including the 2005 Global Commission on Migration, UN General Assembly, the Human Rights Council, UNHCR Executive Committee, the WHA and others. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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In Defense of the Migrant Workers Convention: Standard Setting for Contemporary Migration

Description

Bernard Ryan discusses the possibilities of the Migrant Workers Convention, the relevant committee and its work. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | law | migration | compas | politics | law | migration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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What is the evidence about migrant living conditions in the private rented sector and how could they be improved?

Description

Outlining a new report for the Housing and Migration Network UK, 'Migrants and the Private Rented Sector', published in February is the first national report to explore the needs and experience of new migrants who live in the private rented sector. It provides evidence that new migrants are not only more likely to live in private lettings, but also that there is a greater likelihood that they will end up in poor conditions. The report outlines practical solutions that local authorities, housing providers and voluntary and community groups have developed to bring about improvements. This breakfast briefing will discuss the findings and how they are being followed up. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

compas | housing | immigration | society | migration | politics | compas | housing | immigration | society | migration | politics | 2012-11-16

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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New Geographies of Migration and Multiculture: Degrees of Intimacy between English Villagers and Eastern European Migrants in Rural Worcestershire

Description

Analysing the relationship between whiteness and Englishness, looking at processes of social inclusion and exclusion in the countryside, the migration of Eastern European workers to the countryside and rural discourses of community and multi-culture. hereas multiculturalism has been steadily 'downgraded' on the policy agenda both in the UK and other parts of Europe during the 2000s, social life at neighbourhood level is increasingly characterised by an everyday negotiation of categorical boundaries such as migration histories, religions, migrant statuses, and socio-economic disparities. This series will focus on emerging empirical research and methodologies that engage with such localised, intercultural processes. The presentations are based on findings from a range of different settings Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

english countryside | compas | immigration | society | migration | politics | english countryside | compas | immigration | society | migration | politics | 2012-05-24

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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The national integration paradigm: where are we now?

Description

Adrian Favell discusses his book 'Philosophies of Integration', taking a theoretical and philosophical approach to integration. Integration is a term that is used in many different places and contexts and is increasingly prominent within public debates about migration in the UK and elsewhere in the West. 'Integration' remains vague in definition, which is perhaps one reason it can be useful in many varying contexts. Is it a new assimilationism, a reactionary retreat from multiculturalism, or a progressive, dynamic model for thinking about diversity? How does it relate to cohesion, to transnationalism and to cosmopolitanism? Can, and should, it be measured and monitored? How is it framed in relation to the different scales of governance and belonging, from the neighbourhood to the 'sup Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | society | migration | immigration | compas | politics | society | migration | immigration | compas | 2011-10-14

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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When is an asylum seeker not an asylum seeker? The representation of immigration in the UK press 1996-2005

Description

Paul Baker talks about how asylums seekers and refugees were presented in the national press and the variations in discourses over time and across types of press. As migration to the UK has increased in number over the past decade or more, it has become a highly salient, heavily contested political issue as well. Migration as an 'issue' is now a focal point for British public opinion, media coverage, and political debate. This term's seminar examines the relationships among these elements. We will examine how migration is represented in the media, and how media consumption can in turn construct the migrant experience as well. We will examine how various segments of the British public understand migration as a political issue, and how migration may be in turn transforming British politi Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

compas | media | immigration | society | migration | asylum seekers | politics | compas | media | immigration | society | migration | asylum seekers | politics | 2011-03-03

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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UK Immigration Policy and the Political Functions of Research

Description

Talk looking at the ways in which public administration and policy makers make use of academic research immigration policy making, looking at the British Home Office, the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees and the European Commission. As migration to the UK has increased in number over the past decade or more, it has become a highly salient, heavily contested political issue as well. Migration as an 'issue' is now a focal point for British public opinion, media coverage, and political debate. This term's seminar examines the relationships among these elements. We will examine how migration is represented in the media, and how media consumption can in turn construct the migrant experience as well. We will examine how various segments of the British public understand migrat Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

compas | media | immigration | society | migration | politics | compas | media | immigration | society | migration | politics | 2011-02-10

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Migration policy and skills policy: substitutes or complements?

Description

There is a very significant tension at the heart of UK immigration policy. Basic economic intuition, as well as considerable empirical evidence, suggests that skilled immigrants will benefit the economy. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

politics | society | migration | immigration | compas | politics | society | migration | immigration | compas

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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What is the impact of new migration on cohesion and integration?

Description

The government and the media regularly make the case that migration must be restricted in order to ensure community cohesion and encourage integration. To shed light on the relationship, the Migration Advisory Committee (MAC) recently commissioned a major report on the impacts of migration on cohesion and integration. This month's presenters include three of the four authors of that report and they will reflect on the findings of their research. They will also discuss what the findings mean for policymakers. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

compas | immigration | community | society | migration | politics | compas | immigration | community | society | migration | politics

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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