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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audtion (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered. This course is designed to ground the undergraduate student in the fields of vision and audition, which includes both speech and hearing. The neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control is examined. Topics focus on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies in visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization are also covered.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT) 9.04 Neural Basis of Vision and Audition (MIT)

Description

Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years. Examines the neural bases of visual and auditory processing for perception and sensorimotor control. Focuses on physiological and anatomical studies of the mammalian nervous system as well as behavioral studies of animals and humans. Studies visual pattern, color and depth perception, auditory responses and speech coding, and spatial localization. Offered alternate years.

Subjects

visual system | visual system | eye-movement control | eye-movement control | retina | retina | lateral geniculate nucleus | lateral geniculate nucleus | visual cortex | visual cortex | the parallel channels | the parallel channels | color | color | motion | motion | depth | depth | form | form | neural control | neural control | visually guided eye movements | visually guided eye movements | middle ear | middle ear | cochlear | cochlear | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ultrastructure and neuroanatomy | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | cochlear ion homeostasis and synaptic transmission | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | noise-induced and age-related hearing loss | neural degeneration | neural degeneration | neurophysiological | neurophysiological | ascending | ascending | descending | descending | auditory pathways auditory nerve | auditory pathways auditory nerve | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | inferior colliculus | inferior colliculus | olivocochlear system | olivocochlear system | functional brain imaging | functional brain imaging | tinnitus | tinnitus

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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s Literature

Description

Dr Carolyne Larrington, Supernumerary Fellow and Tutor in English, St John's College, gives a talk to accompany the exhibition 'Magical Books: From The Middle Ages to Middle Earth'. Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

literature | bodleian | norse | s literature | middle earth | myths | #greatwriters | s literature | middle earth | myths | #greatwriters | 2013-10-23

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Old English Then and Now

Description

This final lecture looks briefly at how Old English has been reused by modern writers, but specifically at how the Anglo-Saxons have been portrayed on film, and what film studies can do to help us enjoy Old English poetry.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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Old English Prose

Description

Topics include the first attempts at prose in the English language, 'short stories', historical texts, legal documents, as well as such writers as Alfred the Great, and Aelfric of Eynsham.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

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Old English Poetry

Description

Topics include how Old English poetry works, what the major poems are and how they were performed; what links we can draw with modern poetry and music; basic metrics and devices used for effect, and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-video/rss20.xml

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Old English Language

Description

Topics include how Old English works, and what makes it different from Modern English; where Old English comes from and how it relates to other languages; pronunciation, inflection, dialects and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-video/rss20.xml

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An Introduction to Old English

Description

Topics include who the Anglo-Saxons were, where they came from, and where they settled; the rough period covered in Old English; differences and similarities between Old English and Modern English; the use of runes and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-video/rss20.xml

Attribution

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Old English Then and Now

Description

This final lecture looks briefly at how Old English has been reused by modern writers, but specifically at how the Anglo-Saxons have been portrayed on film, and what film studies can do to help us enjoy Old English poetry.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

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Old English Prose

Description

Topics include the first attempts at prose in the English language, 'short stories', historical texts, legal documents, as well as such writers as Alfred the Great, and Aelfric of Eynsham.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

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Old English Poetry

Description

Topics include how Old English poetry works, what the major poems are and how they were performed; what links we can draw with modern poetry and music; basic metrics and devices used for effect, and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

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Old English Language

Description

Topics include how Old English works, and what makes it different from Modern English; where Old English comes from and how it relates to other languages; pronunciation, inflection, dialects and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

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An Introduction to Old English

Description

Topics include who the Anglo-Saxons were, where they came from, and where they settled; the rough period covered in Old English; differences and similarities between Old English and Modern English; the use of runes and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | 1

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

All metadata

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Old English Then and Now

Description

This final lecture looks briefly at how Old English has been reused by modern writers, but specifically at how the Anglo-Saxons have been portrayed on film, and what film studies can do to help us enjoy Old English poetry.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | film | genre

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/oucs/test-document/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

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Old English Prose

Description

Topics include the first attempts at prose in the English language, 'short stories', historical texts, legal documents, as well as such writers as Alfred the Great, and Aelfric of Eynsham.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/oucs/test-document/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

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Old English Poetry

Description

Topics include how Old English poetry works, what the major poems are and how they were performed; what links we can draw with modern poetry and music; basic metrics and devices used for effect, and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/oucs/test-document/rss20.xml

Attribution

Click to get HTML | Click to get attribution | Click to get URL

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Old English Language

Description

Topics include how Old English works, and what makes it different from Modern English; where Old English comes from and how it relates to other languages; pronunciation, inflection, dialects and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/oucs/test-document/rss20.xml

Attribution

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An Introduction to Old English

Description

Topics include who the Anglo-Saxons were, where they came from, and where they settled; the rough period covered in Old English; differences and similarities between Old English and Modern English; the use of runes and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/oucs/test-document/rss20.xml

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HST.750 Modeling Issues in Speech and Hearing (MIT) HST.750 Modeling Issues in Speech and Hearing (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory and practice of scientific modeling in the context of auditory and speech biophysics. Based on seminar-style discussions of the research literature, the class draws on examples from hearing and speech, and explores general, meta-theoretical issues that transcend the particular subject matter. Examples include: What is a model? What is the process of model building? What are the different approaches to modeling? What is the relationship between theory and experiment? How are models tested? What constitutes a good model? This course explores the theory and practice of scientific modeling in the context of auditory and speech biophysics. Based on seminar-style discussions of the research literature, the class draws on examples from hearing and speech, and explores general, meta-theoretical issues that transcend the particular subject matter. Examples include: What is a model? What is the process of model building? What are the different approaches to modeling? What is the relationship between theory and experiment? How are models tested? What constitutes a good model?

Subjects

hearing | hearing | speech | speech | modeling biology | modeling biology | network model of the ear | network model of the ear | model building | model building | dimensional analysis and scaling | dimensional analysis and scaling | resampling | resampling | monte carlo | monte carlo | forward vs. inverse | forward vs. inverse | chaos | chaos | limits of prediction | limits of prediction | hodgkin | hodgkin | huxley | huxley | molecular mathematic biology | molecular mathematic biology | cochlear input impedance | cochlear input impedance | auditory network | auditory network | auditory morphology | auditory morphology | electric model of neural cell fiber | electric model of neural cell fiber | electric diagrams of neural cells | electric diagrams of neural cells | linear regression | linear regression | sensitivity analysis | sensitivity analysis | cochlea | cochlea | inner ear | inner ear | middle ear | middle ear | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | scientific literature | scientific literature | analysis | analysis | paper analysis | paper analysis | tent maps | tent maps | quadratic maps | quadratic maps

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT) HST.721 The Peripheral Auditory System (MIT)

Description

In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss. In this course, experimental approaches to the study of hearing and deafness are presented through lectures, laboratory exercises and discussions of the primary literature on the auditory periphery. Topics include inner-ear development, functional anatomy of the inner ear, cochlear mechanics and micromechanics, mechano-electric transduction by hair cells, outer hair cells' electromotility and the cochlear amplifier, otoacoustic emissions, synaptic transmission, stimulus coding in auditory nerve responses, efferent control of cochlear function, damage and repair of hair-cell organs, and sensorineural hearing loss.

Subjects

peripheral auditory system | peripheral auditory system | hair cells | hair cells | frequency tuning | frequency tuning | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | mechano-electric transduction | mechano-electric transduction | outer hair cells | outer hair cells | electromotility | electromotility | cochlear amplifier | cochlear amplifier | endocochlear potential | endocochlear potential | inner ear | inner ear | ear | ear | afferent synaptic transmission | afferent synaptic transmission | auditory nerve response | auditory nerve response | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | middle ear | middle ear

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT) HST.720 Physiology of the Ear (MIT)

Description

Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders. Topics for this course are based primarily on reading and discussions of original research literature that cover the analysis as well as the underlying physical and physiological mechanisms of acoustic signals in the auditory periphery. Topics include the acoustics, mechanics, and hydrodynamics of sound transmission; the biophysical basis for cochlear amplification; the physiology of hair-cell transduction and synaptic transmission; efferent feedback control; the analysis and coding of simple and complex sounds by the inner ear; and the physiological bases for hearing disorders.

Subjects

cochlear physiology | cochlear physiology | cochlea | cochlea | ear | ear | ear canal | ear canal | inner ear | inner ear | middle ear | middle ear | outer ear | outer ear | auditory pathway | auditory pathway | auditory nerve | auditory nerve | auditory brainstem | auditory brainstem | acoustic coupling | acoustic coupling | auditory periphery | auditory periphery | acoustic signals | acoustic signals | sound transmission | sound transmission | cochlear amplification | cochlear amplification | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | hair cell transduction | hair cell transduction | efferent feedback control | efferent feedback control | hearing disorders | hearing disorders | hearing | hearing | cochlear mechanics | cochlear mechanics | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory nerve fiber response | auditory nerve fiber response | otoacoustic emissions | otoacoustic emissions | outer hair cell | outer hair cell

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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An Introduction to Old English (slides)

Description

Topics include who the Anglo-Saxons were, where they came from, and where they settled; the rough period covered in Old English; differences and similarities between Old English and Modern English; the use of runes and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | Q310

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

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Old English Language (slides)

Description

Topics include how Old English works, and what makes it different from Modern English; where Old English comes from and how it relates to other languages; pronunciation, inflection, dialects and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q310

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

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Old English Poetry (slides)

Description

Topics include how Old English poetry works, what the major poems are and how they were performed; what links we can draw with modern poetry and music; basic metrics and devices used for effect, and more.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | poetry | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

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Old English Prose (slides)

Description

Topics include the first attempts at prose in the English language, 'short stories', historical texts, legal documents, as well as such writers as Alfred the Great, and Aelfric of Eynsham.

Subjects

old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310 | ukoer | old english | runes | middle earth | medieval | anglo-saxon | #greatwriters | Q321 | Q310

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Site sourced from

http://rss.oucs.ox.ac.uk/engfac/oldenglish-audio/rss20.xml

Attribution

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