Searching for neurons : 32 results found | RSS Feed for this search

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory. This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | simple cells | simple cells | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | tonotopy | tonotopy | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

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9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT) 9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

Deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior, by functional analysis of mutations and molecular analysis of their genes. Concentrates on work with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans. Deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior, by functional analysis of mutations and molecular analysis of their genes. Concentrates on work with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans.

Subjects

functions of neurons | functions of neurons | interactions of neurons | interactions of neurons | development | development | organization | organization | behavior | behavior | functional analysis of mutations | functional analysis of mutations | molecular analysis of genes | molecular analysis of genes | nematodes | nematodes | fruit flies | fruit flies | humans | humans | 9.322 | 9.322

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT) 9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain. This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | neuroscience | vision | vision | hearing | hearing | neuroanatomy | neuroanatomy | color vision | color vision | blind spot | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | primary visual cortex | complex cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | extrastriate cortex | ear | ear | cochlea | cochlea | basilar membrane | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | auditory transduction | hair cells | hair cells | phase-locking | phase-locking | sound localization | sound localization | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | somatosensory system | motor system | motor system | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | action potential | action potential | sympathetic neurons | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | cellual neurophysiology | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

structure | structure | function | function | nervous system | nervous system | cellular | cellular | neurons | neurons | excitable cells | excitable cells | biophysics | biophysics | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | visual system | visual system | 9.09 | 9.09 | 7.29 | 7.29

License

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Creativity Lecture 8: Creativity as a neuroscientific mystery

Description

Prof. Margaret Boden (Philosophy, Sussex) delivers a lecture as part of the Keble College Creativity series. Creativity is likely to remain a neuroscientific mystery for many years. Of the three types of creativity (combinational, exploratory, and transformational), only the first has been significantly illuminated by neuroscience. And even that is not fully understood in neural terms. The other two are even more recalcitrant. This is due to difficulty in defining thinking styles in art or science, and in identifying the various computational processes that are involved in using them. Without doing that, helpful neuroscientific questions simply cannot arise. One key problem is that hierarchical systems -- including many creative "styles"-- cannot yet be effectively represented by (connec Wales; http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

Subjects

individuality | keble college | cells | neuron | creativity | schizophrenia | cell | brain | keble | neurons | human | oxford | neuroscience | individuality | keble college | cells | neuron | creativity | schizophrenia | cell | brain | keble | neurons | human | oxford | neuroscience | 2012-05-18

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/2.0/uk/

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7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

nervous system | nervous system | neurons | neurons | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | membrane channels | membrane channels | resting potential | resting potential | action potential | action potential | synapse | synapse | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | receptors | receptors | axon | axon | olfaction | olfaction | thermoreception | thermoreception

License

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7.343 Neuron-glial Cell Interactions in Biology and Disease (MIT) 7.343 Neuron-glial Cell Interactions in Biology and Disease (MIT)

Description

The main goal of this seminar will be to study the nervous system from the perspective of neuron-glia interactions. In each class, we will focus on one type of glial cell and discuss its origin, classification and function within the nervous system. Current findings concerning diseases associated with each type of glial cell will be discussed. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. Many instructors of the Advanced Undergraduate Seminars are postdoctoral scientists with a strong interest in teaching. The main goal of this seminar will be to study the nervous system from the perspective of neuron-glia interactions. In each class, we will focus on one type of glial cell and discuss its origin, classification and function within the nervous system. Current findings concerning diseases associated with each type of glial cell will be discussed. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. Many instructors of the Advanced Undergraduate Seminars are postdoctoral scientists with a strong interest in teaching.

Subjects

glial | glial | glial cell | glial cell | Rudolph Virchow | Rudolph Virchow | nervous system | nervous system | neurons | neurons | synapse formation | synapse formation | synapse control | synapse control | Multiple Sclerosis | Multiple Sclerosis | glioblastoma multiforme | glioblastoma multiforme | HIV-associated dementia | HIV-associated dementia | Alzheimer?s Disease | Alzheimer?s Disease | epilepsy | epilepsy | brain damage | brain damage | neurodegeneration | neurodegeneration | Myelination | Myelination | Schwann cells | Schwann cells | Nodes of Ranvier | Nodes of Ranvier | Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX) disease | Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX) disease | connexin-32 gene | connexin-32 gene | Oligodendrocytes | Oligodendrocytes | Nogo Hypothesis | Nogo Hypothesis | Neuregulin-1 | Neuregulin-1 | schizophrenia | schizophrenia | CNS Astrocytes | CNS Astrocytes | demyelination | demyelination | Gliomas | Gliomas

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9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT) 9.03 Neural Basis of Learning and Memory (MIT)

Description

This course highlights the interplay between cellular and molecular storage mechanisms and the cognitive neuroscience of memory, with an emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Class sessions include lectures and discussion of papers. This course highlights the interplay between cellular and molecular storage mechanisms and the cognitive neuroscience of memory, with an emphasis on human and animal models of hippocampal mechanisms and function. Class sessions include lectures and discussion of papers.

Subjects

learning | learning | memory | memory | neural plasticity | neural plasticity | electrophysiology | electrophysiology | hippocampus | hippocampus | synapse | synapse | aplysia | aplysia | drosophlia | drosophlia | NMDA | NMDA | semantic memory | semantic memory | working memory | working memory | short-term memory | short-term memory | alzheimer's disease | alzheimer's disease | skill learning | skill learning | mirror neurons | mirror neurons | short-term | short-term | long-term | long-term

License

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9.12 Experimental Molecular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.12 Experimental Molecular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

Designed for students without previous experience in techniques of cellular and molecular biology, this class teaches basic experimental techniques in cellular and molecular neurobiology. Experimental approaches covered include tissue culture of neuronal cell lines, dissection and culture of brain cells, DNA manipulation, synaptic protein analysis, immunocytochemistry, and fluorescent microscopy. Designed for students without previous experience in techniques of cellular and molecular biology, this class teaches basic experimental techniques in cellular and molecular neurobiology. Experimental approaches covered include tissue culture of neuronal cell lines, dissection and culture of brain cells, DNA manipulation, synaptic protein analysis, immunocytochemistry, and fluorescent microscopy.

Subjects

molecular biology | molecular biology | GFP | GFP | RFP | RFP | neurons | neurons | experimental techniques | experimental techniques | genetic sequencing | genetic sequencing | vector design | vector design | plasmid | plasmid | polymerase chain reaction | polymerase chain reaction | transfection | transfection | cell culture | cell culture | gel electrophoresis | gel electrophoresis | Western blotting | Western blotting | Northern blotting | Northern blotting | Southern blotting | Southern blotting | perfusion | perfusion | lab animals | lab animals | brain dissection | brain dissection

License

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9.22J A Clinical Approach to the Human Brain (MIT) 9.22J A Clinical Approach to the Human Brain (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to provide an understanding of how the human brain works in health and disease, and is intended for both the Brain and Cognitive Sciences major and the non-Brain and Cognitive Sciences major. Knowledge of how the human brain works is important for all citizens, and the lessons to be learned have enormous implications for public policy makers and educators. The course will cover the regional anatomy of the brain and provide an introduction to the cellular function of neurons, synapses and neurotransmitters. Commonly used drugs that alter brain function can be understood through a knowledge of neurotransmitters. Along similar lines, common diseases that illustrate normal brain function will be discussed. Experimental animal studies that reveal how the brain works wil This course is designed to provide an understanding of how the human brain works in health and disease, and is intended for both the Brain and Cognitive Sciences major and the non-Brain and Cognitive Sciences major. Knowledge of how the human brain works is important for all citizens, and the lessons to be learned have enormous implications for public policy makers and educators. The course will cover the regional anatomy of the brain and provide an introduction to the cellular function of neurons, synapses and neurotransmitters. Commonly used drugs that alter brain function can be understood through a knowledge of neurotransmitters. Along similar lines, common diseases that illustrate normal brain function will be discussed. Experimental animal studies that reveal how the brain works wil

Subjects

9.22 | 9.22 | HST.422 | HST.422 | brain | brain | fMRI | fMRI | visual | visual | spatial | spatial | dyslexia | dyslexia | development | development | motor activities | motor activities | anatomy | anatomy | cellular function | cellular function | neurons | neurons | synapes | synapes | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | diseases | diseases | animal studies | animal studies | clinical cases | clinical cases | activity-dependent development | activity-dependent development | critical periods | critical periods | plasticity | plasticity | learning | learning | emotional disorders | emotional disorders | vision | vision | language | language | motor function | motor function | pain | pain | placebo effects | placebo effects | emotional states | emotional states | education | education | dementia | dementia

License

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9.011 The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I (MIT) 9.011 The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I (MIT)

Description

Survey of principles underlying the structure and function of the nervous system, integrating molecular, cellular, and systems approaches. Topics: development of the nervous system and its connections, cell biology or neurons, neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission, sensory systems of the brain, the neuro-endocrine system, the motor system, higher cortical functions, behavioral and cellular analyses of learning and memory. First half of an intensive two-term survey of brain and behavioral studies for first-year graduate students. Survey of principles underlying the structure and function of the nervous system, integrating molecular, cellular, and systems approaches. Topics: development of the nervous system and its connections, cell biology or neurons, neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission, sensory systems of the brain, the neuro-endocrine system, the motor system, higher cortical functions, behavioral and cellular analyses of learning and memory. First half of an intensive two-term survey of brain and behavioral studies for first-year graduate students.

Subjects

CNS | CNS | nervous system | nervous system | molecular | molecular | cellular | cellular | systems | systems | development | development | cell biology | cell biology | neurons | neurons | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | synaptic | synaptic | transmission | transmission | sensory systems | sensory systems | brain | brain | neuroendocrine system | neuroendocrine system | the motor system | the motor system | cortical functions | cortical functions | behavioral | behavioral | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.913-A Intensive Neuroanatomy (MIT) 9.913-A Intensive Neuroanatomy (MIT)

Description

The course will start with an overview of the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS and PNS), the development of their structure and major divisions. The major functional components of the CNS will then be reviewed individually. Topography, functional distribution of nerve cell bodies, ascending and descending tracts in the spinal cord. Brainstem organization and functional components, including cranial nerve nuclei, ascending / descending pathways, amine-containing cells, structure and information flow in the cerebellar and vestibular systems. Distribution of the cranial nerves, resolution of their skeletal and branchial arch components. Functional divisions of the Diencephalon and Telencephalon. The course will then continue with how these various CNS pieces and parts work together The course will start with an overview of the central and peripheral nervous systems (CNS and PNS), the development of their structure and major divisions. The major functional components of the CNS will then be reviewed individually. Topography, functional distribution of nerve cell bodies, ascending and descending tracts in the spinal cord. Brainstem organization and functional components, including cranial nerve nuclei, ascending / descending pathways, amine-containing cells, structure and information flow in the cerebellar and vestibular systems. Distribution of the cranial nerves, resolution of their skeletal and branchial arch components. Functional divisions of the Diencephalon and Telencephalon. The course will then continue with how these various CNS pieces and parts work together

Subjects

peripheral nervous systems | peripheral nervous systems | CNS | CNS | PNS | PNS | structure | structure | nerve cell bodies | nerve cell bodies | ascending and descending tracts | ascending and descending tracts | spinal cord | spinal cord | brainstem | brainstem | cranial nerve nuclei | cranial nerve nuclei | ascending/descending pathways | ascending/descending pathways | amine-containing cells | amine-containing cells | cerebellar | cerebellar | vestibular systems | vestibular systems | cranial nerves | cranial nerves | skeletal and branchial arch | skeletal and branchial arch | diencephalon | diencephalon | Telencephalon | Telencephalon | Motor systems | Motor systems | motor neurons | motor neurons | motor units | motor units | medial | medial | lateral pathways | lateral pathways | sensory systems | sensory systems | visual | visual | auditory | auditory | somatosensory | somatosensory | olfaction | olfaction | limbic system | limbic system | autonomic control | autonomic control | Papez circuit | Papez circuit | neocortex | neocortex

License

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HST.723J Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT) HST.723J Neural Coding and Perception of Sound (MIT)

Description

This course focuses on neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. Discussions cover how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants. This course focuses on neural structures and mechanisms mediating the detection, localization and recognition of sounds. Discussions cover how acoustic signals are coded by auditory neurons, the impact of these codes on behavioral performance, and the circuitry and cellular mechanisms underlying signal transformations. Topics include temporal coding, neural maps and feature detectors, learning and plasticity, and feedback control. General principles are conveyed by theme discussions of auditory masking, sound localization, musical pitch, speech coding, and cochlear implants.

Subjects

HST.723 | HST.723 | 9.285 | 9.285 | sound perception | sound perception | neural coding | neural coding | neural structures | neural structures | neural mechanisms | neural mechanisms | sound localization | sound localization | acoustic signals | acoustic signals | auditory neurons | auditory neurons | temporal coding | temporal coding | neural maps | neural maps | feature detectors | feature detectors | learning and plasticity | learning and plasticity | auditory masking | auditory masking | musical pitch | musical pitch | speech coding | speech coding | cochlear implants | cochlear implants | auditory system | auditory system | binaural interactions | binaural interactions | cochlear nucleus | cochlear nucleus | binaural hearing | binaural hearing | frequency selectivity | frequency selectivity | auditory cortex | auditory cortex | scene analysis | scene analysis | object formation | object formation

License

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9.011 The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I (MIT) 9.011 The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I (MIT)

Description

Survey of principles underlying the structure and function of the nervous system, integrating molecular, cellular, and systems approaches. Topics: development of the nervous system and its connections, cell biology or neurons, neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission, sensory systems of the brain, the neuro-endocrine system, the motor system, higher cortical functions, behavioral and cellular analyses of learning and memory. First half of an intensive two-term survey of brain and behavioral studies for first-year graduate students. Survey of principles underlying the structure and function of the nervous system, integrating molecular, cellular, and systems approaches. Topics: development of the nervous system and its connections, cell biology or neurons, neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission, sensory systems of the brain, the neuro-endocrine system, the motor system, higher cortical functions, behavioral and cellular analyses of learning and memory. First half of an intensive two-term survey of brain and behavioral studies for first-year graduate students.

Subjects

CNS | CNS | nervous system | nervous system | molecular | molecular | cellular | cellular | systems | systems | development | development | cell biology | cell biology | neurons | neurons | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | synaptic | synaptic | transmission | transmission | sensory systems | sensory systems | brain | brain | neuroendocrine system | neuroendocrine system | the motor system | the motor system | cortical functions | cortical functions | behavioral | behavioral | learning | learning | memory | memory

License

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT) 9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system. This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

neurobiology | neurobiology | structure | structure | function | function | nervous system | nervous system | cellular | cellular | neurons | neurons | excitable cells | excitable cells | biophysics | biophysics | synaptic transmission | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | neurodevelopment | visual system | visual system | neuromuscular junction | neuromuscular junction | membrane channels | membrane channels | signaling | signaling | ion channels | ion channels | action potential | action potential | neurotransmitters | neurotransmitters | biochemistry | biochemistry | synapses | synapses | learning | learning | memory | memory | axons | axons | hearing | hearing | thermoreception | thermoreception | pain | pain | cognitive function | cognitive function | 9.09 | 9.09 | 7.29 | 7.29

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the study of nerve cells which includes their structure, the propagation of nerve impulses and transfer of information between nerve cells, the effect of drugs on this process, and the development of nerve cells into the brain and spinal cord. Next, sensory systems such as hearing, vision and touch are covered as well as a discussion on how physical energy such as light is converted into neural signals, where these signals travel in the brain and how they are processed. Other topics include the control of voluntary movement, the neurochemical bases of brain diseases, and those systems which control sleep and consciousness, learning and memory.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | center-surround receptive fields | corticalmaps | primary visual cortex | simple cells | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | tonotopy | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

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9.322J Genetic Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

Deals with the specific functions of neurons, the interactions of neurons in development, and the organization of neuronal ensembles to produce behavior, by functional analysis of mutations and molecular analysis of their genes. Concentrates on work with nematodes, fruit flies, mice, and humans.

Subjects

functions of neurons | interactions of neurons | development | organization | behavior | functional analysis of mutations | molecular analysis of genes | nematodes | fruit flies | humans | 9.322

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9.01 Introduction to Neuroscience (MIT)

Description

This course is an introduction to the mammalian nervous system, with emphasis on the structure and function of the human brain. Topics include the function of nerve cells, sensory systems, control of movement, learning and memory, and diseases of the brain.

Subjects

neuroscience | vision | hearing | neuroanatomy | color vision | blind spot | retinal phototransduction | cortical maps | primary visual cortex | complex cells | extrastriate cortex | ear | cochlea | basilar membrane | auditory transduction | hair cells | phase-locking | sound localization | auditory cortex | somatosensory system | motor system | synaptic transmission | action potential | sympathetic neurons | parasympathetic neurons | cellual neurophysiology | learning | memory

License

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9.011 The Brain and Cognitive Sciences I (MIT)

Description

Survey of principles underlying the structure and function of the nervous system, integrating molecular, cellular, and systems approaches. Topics: development of the nervous system and its connections, cell biology or neurons, neurotransmitters and synaptic transmission, sensory systems of the brain, the neuro-endocrine system, the motor system, higher cortical functions, behavioral and cellular analyses of learning and memory. First half of an intensive two-term survey of brain and behavioral studies for first-year graduate students.

Subjects

CNS | nervous system | molecular | cellular | systems | development | cell biology | neurons | neurotransmitters | synaptic | transmission | sensory systems | brain | neuroendocrine system | the motor system | cortical functions | behavioral | learning | memory

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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Muscle structure, innervation and contraction for medical students

Description

This topic starts with an overview of skeletal muscle structure. The process of muscle innervation and contraction is shown and the importance of the sarcomere, myosin, actin and crossbridge cycling is discussed, with the aid of animations. An overview of the motor unit is illustrated and further expands to cover the branching of motor neurons, motor end plates and neuromuscular junctions (NMJs).

Subjects

muscle structure | innervation | contraction | sarcomere | myosin | actin | crossbridge cycling | motor neurons | end plates | neuromuscular junctions | ukoer | ooer | medev | nmj | Subjects allied to Medicine | Biological Sciences | SAFETY | Anatomy | Learning | Teaching | Institutions | Students | UK EL10 = SCQF 10 | Honours degree | Graduate diploma | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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Muscle structure, innervation and contraction for nursing students

Description

This topic starts with an overview of skeletal muscle structure. The process of muscle innervation and contraction is shown and the importance of the sarcomere, myosin, actin and crossbridge cycling is discussed, with the aid of animations. An overview of the motor unit is illustrated and further expands to cover the branching of motor neurons, motor end plates and neuromuscular junctions (NMJs).

Subjects

muscle structure | innervation | contraction | sarcomere | myosin | actin | crossbridge cycling | motor neurons | end plates | neuromuscular junctions | ukoer | ooer | medev | nmj | Subjects allied to Medicine | Biological Sciences | Anatomy | SAFETY | Learning | Teaching | Institutions | Students | UK EL10 = SCQF 10 | Honours degree | Graduate diploma | dentistry | A000

License

Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 UK: England & Wales http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/ http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-sa/2.0/uk/

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

neurobiology | structure | function | nervous system | cellular | neurons | excitable cells | biophysics | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | visual system | neuromuscular junction | membrane channels | signaling | ion channels | action potential | neurotransmitters | biochemistry | synapses | learning | memory | axons | hearing | thermoreception | pain | cognitive function | 9.09 | 7.29

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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9.09J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

An introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Includes the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

structure | function | nervous system | cellular | neurons | excitable cells | biophysics | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | visual system | 9.09 | 7.29

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.29J Cellular Neurobiology (MIT)

Description

This course serves as an introduction to the structure and function of the nervous system. Emphasis is placed on the cellular properties of neurons and other excitable cells. Topics covered include the structure and biophysical properties of excitable cells, synaptic transmission, neurochemistry, neurodevelopment, and the integration of information in simple systems and the visual system.

Subjects

nervous system | neurons | synaptic transmission | neurochemistry | neurodevelopment | membrane channels | resting potential | action potential | synapse | neurotransmitters | receptors | axon | olfaction | thermoreception

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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7.343 Neuron-glial Cell Interactions in Biology and Disease (MIT)

Description

The main goal of this seminar will be to study the nervous system from the perspective of neuron-glia interactions. In each class, we will focus on one type of glial cell and discuss its origin, classification and function within the nervous system. Current findings concerning diseases associated with each type of glial cell will be discussed. This course is one of many Advanced Undergraduate Seminars offered by the Biology Department at MIT. These seminars are tailored for students with an interest in using primary research literature to discuss and learn about current biological research in a highly interactive setting. Many instructors of the Advanced Undergraduate Seminars are postdoctoral scientists with a strong interest in teaching.

Subjects

glial | glial cell | Rudolph Virchow | nervous system | neurons | synapse formation | synapse control | Multiple Sclerosis | glioblastoma multiforme | HIV-associated dementia | Alzheimer?s Disease | epilepsy | brain damage | neurodegeneration | Myelination | Schwann cells | Nodes of Ranvier | Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMTX) disease | connexin-32 gene | Oligodendrocytes | Nogo Hypothesis | Neuregulin-1 | schizophrenia | CNS Astrocytes | demyelination | Gliomas

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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