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6.152J Microelectronics Processing Technology (MIT) 6.152J Microelectronics Processing Technology (MIT)

Description

This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology. This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology.

Subjects

microelectronics | microelectronics | Microelectronics processing | Microelectronics processing | integrated circuits | vacuum | chemical vapor deposition | CVD | oxidation | diffusion | implantation | lithography | soft lithography | etching | sputtering | evaporation | interconnect | metallization | crystal growth | reliability | fabrication | processing | photolithography | physical vapor deposition | MOS | MOS capacitor | microcantilever | microfluidic | integrated circuits | vacuum | chemical vapor deposition | CVD | oxidation | diffusion | implantation | lithography | soft lithography | etching | sputtering | evaporation | interconnect | metallization | crystal growth | reliability | fabrication | processing | photolithography | physical vapor deposition | MOS | MOS capacitor | microcantilever | microfluidic | integrated circuits;vacuum;chemical vapor deposition;CVD;oxidation;diffusion;implantation;lithography;soft lithography;etching;sputtering;evaporation;interconnect;metallization;crystal growth;reliability;fabrication;processing;photolithography;physical vapor deposition;MOS;MOS capacitor;microcantilever;microfluidic | integrated circuits;vacuum;chemical vapor deposition;CVD;oxidation;diffusion;implantation;lithography;soft lithography;etching;sputtering;evaporation;interconnect;metallization;crystal growth;reliability;fabrication;processing;photolithography;physical vapor deposition;MOS;MOS capacitor;microcantilever;microfluidic | integrated circuits | integrated circuits | vacuum | vacuum | chemical vapor deposition | chemical vapor deposition | CVD | CVD | oxidation | oxidation | diffusion | diffusion | implantation | implantation | lithography | lithography | soft lithography | soft lithography | etching | etching | sputtering | sputtering | evaporation | evaporation | interconnect | interconnect | metallization | metallization | crystal growth | crystal growth | reliability | reliability | fabrication | fabrication | processing | processing | photolithography | photolithography | physical vapor deposition | physical vapor deposition | MOS | MOS | MOS capacitor | MOS capacitor | microcantilever | microcantilever | microfluidic | microfluidic | 6.152 | 6.152 | 3.155 | 3.155

License

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12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT) 12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT)

Description

This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB®, and Mathematica®. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages. This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB®, and Mathematica®. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages.

Subjects

programming languages | programming languages | techniques used by physical scientists | techniques used by physical scientists | FORTRAN | FORTRAN | C | C | C++; Matlab | C++; Matlab | Mathematica | Mathematica | program design | program design | algorithm development and verification | algorithm development and verification | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | examination of data with visualization techniques | examination of data with visualization techniques | numerical analysis | numerical analysis | methods of dissemination and verification. | methods of dissemination and verification. | C++ | C++ | Matlab | Matlab | programming languages | techniques used by physical scientists | programming languages | techniques used by physical scientists

License

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ón Física y salud (2012) ón Física y salud (2012)

Description

Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. La introducción y objetivos del área de Educación Física (Decreto 286/2007) presentan una clara orientación hacia la salud, con referencia explícita a la mejora de la salud, bienestar y calidad de vida. En este sentido, el área se orienta a crear hábitos de práctica saludable, regular y continuada a lo largo de la vida, así como a sentirse bien con el propio cuerpo, lo que constituye una valiosa ayuda en la mejora de la autoestima. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensió Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. La introducción y objetivos del área de Educación Física (Decreto 286/2007) presentan una clara orientación hacia la salud, con referencia explícita a la mejora de la salud, bienestar y calidad de vida. En este sentido, el área se orienta a crear hábitos de práctica saludable, regular y continuada a lo largo de la vida, así como a sentirse bien con el propio cuerpo, lo que constituye una valiosa ayuda en la mejora de la autoestima. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensió

Subjects

estilo de vida | estilo de vida | physical activity | physical activity | ísica | ísica | ábitos | ábitos | ón física | ón física | salud | salud | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | ísico | ísico | ón | ón | health | health | deporte | deporte | fitness | fitness | calidad de vida | calidad de vida | exercise | exercise | physical education | physical education

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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ísica para la Salud (2011) ísica para la Salud (2011)

Description

Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensión de diversas variables cualitativas y cuantitativas tanto a nivel físico como psico-social, las cuales se analizan y estudian en esta asignatura. Un objetivo necesario en la actualidad es que la práctica de Actividad Física se base, realmente, en principios saludables, desterrando el desfase entre los planteamientos teóricos y la práctica real. Este análisis debe partir de la premisa de que no toda Actividad Física es saludable "pe Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensión de diversas variables cualitativas y cuantitativas tanto a nivel físico como psico-social, las cuales se analizan y estudian en esta asignatura. Un objetivo necesario en la actualidad es que la práctica de Actividad Física se base, realmente, en principios saludables, desterrando el desfase entre los planteamientos teóricos y la práctica real. Este análisis debe partir de la premisa de que no toda Actividad Física es saludable "pe

Subjects

estilo de vida | estilo de vida | physical activity | physical activity | ísica | ísica | ábitos | ábitos | ón física | ón física | salud | salud | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | ísico | ísico | ón | ón | health | health | deporte | deporte | fitness | fitness | calidad de vida | calidad de vida | exercise | exercise | physical education | physical education

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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ísica para la Salud (2009) ísica para la Salud (2009)

Description

Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensión de diversas variables cualitativas y cuantitativas tanto a nivel físico como psico-social, las cuales se analizan y estudian en esta asignatura. Un objetivo necesario en la actualidad es que la práctica de Actividad Física se base, realmente, en principios saludables, desterrando el desfase entre los planteamientos teóricos y la práctica real. Este análisis debe partir de la premisa de que no toda Actividad Física es saludable "pe Está ampliamente demostrado que la actividad física habitual y adaptada a las posibilidades del individuo mejora la salud bio-psico-social, mientras que el sedentarismo es un factor de riesgo de enfermedades cardiovasculares, metabólicas, etc. Sin embargo, la adquisición de este hábito es una tarea compleja que requiere del análisis y comprensión de diversas variables cualitativas y cuantitativas tanto a nivel físico como psico-social, las cuales se analizan y estudian en esta asignatura. Un objetivo necesario en la actualidad es que la práctica de Actividad Física se base, realmente, en principios saludables, desterrando el desfase entre los planteamientos teóricos y la práctica real. Este análisis debe partir de la premisa de que no toda Actividad Física es saludable "pe

Subjects

estilo de vida | estilo de vida | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | áctica de la Expresión Corporal | ísica | ísica | ábitos | ábitos | ón física | ón física | salud | salud | physical activity | physical activity | ísico | ísico | fitness | fitness | ón | ón | health | health | deporte | deporte | ón Física y Deportiva | ón Física y Deportiva | calidad de vida | calidad de vida | exercise | exercise | physical education | physical education

License

http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/

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6.774 Physics of Microfabrication: Front End Processing (MIT) 6.774 Physics of Microfabrication: Front End Processing (MIT)

Description

Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course is offered to graduates and focuses on understanding the fundamental principles of the "front-end" processes used in the fabrication of devices for silicon integrated circuits. This includes advanced physical models and practical aspects of major processes, such as oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, and epitaxy. Other topics covered include: high performance MOS and bipolar devices including ultra-thin gate oxides, implant-damage enhanced diffusion, advanced metrology, and new materials such as Silicon Germanium (SiGe). Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. This course is offered to graduates and focuses on understanding the fundamental principles of the "front-end" processes used in the fabrication of devices for silicon integrated circuits. This includes advanced physical models and practical aspects of major processes, such as oxidation, diffusion, ion implantation, and epitaxy. Other topics covered include: high performance MOS and bipolar devices including ultra-thin gate oxides, implant-damage enhanced diffusion, advanced metrology, and new materials such as Silicon Germanium (SiGe).

Subjects

fabrication processes | fabrication processes | silicon | silicon | integrated circuits | integrated circuits | monolithic integrated circuits | monolithic integrated circuits | physical models | physical models | bulk crystal growth | bulk crystal growth | thermal oxidation | thermal oxidation | solid-state diffusion | solid-state diffusion | ion implantation | ion implantation | epitaxial deposition | epitaxial deposition | chemical vapor deposition | chemical vapor deposition | physical vapor deposition | physical vapor deposition | refractory metal silicides | refractory metal silicides | plasma and reactive ion etching | plasma and reactive ion etching | rapid thermal processing | rapid thermal processing | process modeling | process modeling | process simulation | process simulation | technological limitations | technological limitations | integrated circuit design | integrated circuit design | integrated circuit fabrication | integrated circuit fabrication | device operation | device operation | sige materials | sige materials | processing | processing

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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10.467 Polymer Science Laboratory (MIT) 10.467 Polymer Science Laboratory (MIT)

Description

Experiments in this class are broadly aimed at acquainting students with the range of properties of polymers, methods of synthesis, and physical chemistry. Some examples of laboratory work include solution polymerization of acrylamide, bead polymerization of divinylbenzene, and interfacial polymerization of nylon 6,10. Evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments, rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions, and physical properties of natural and silicone rubber are also covered. Experiments in this class are broadly aimed at acquainting students with the range of properties of polymers, methods of synthesis, and physical chemistry. Some examples of laboratory work include solution polymerization of acrylamide, bead polymerization of divinylbenzene, and interfacial polymerization of nylon 6,10. Evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments, rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions, and physical properties of natural and silicone rubber are also covered.

Subjects

polymers | polymers | polymer laboratory | polymer laboratory | polymer experiments | polymer experiments | properties of polymers | properties of polymers | methods of polymer synthesis | methods of polymer synthesis | physical chemistry | physical chemistry | solution polymerization of acrylamide | solution polymerization of acrylamide | bead polymerization of divinylbenzene | bead polymerization of divinylbenzene | interfacial polymerization of nylon 6 | interfacial polymerization of nylon 6 | 10 | 10 | evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments | evaluation of networks by tensile and swelling experiments | rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions | rheology of polymer solutions and suspensions | physical properties of natural and silicone rubber | physical properties of natural and silicone rubber

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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SP.251 PE for ME (MIT) SP.251 PE for ME (MIT)

Description

The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to ME and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment. The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to ME and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment.

Subjects

thinking | thinking | moving | moving | being | being | kinesthetics | kinesthetics | proprioception | proprioception | movement | movement | body | body | disbility | disbility | coordination | coordination | human organism | human organism | sensing | sensing | feeling | feeling | limbs | limbs | physical thinking | physical thinking | physical intelligence | physical intelligence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.857 Network and Computer Security (MIT) 6.857 Network and Computer Security (MIT)

Description

6.857 is an upper-level undergraduate, first-year graduate course on network and computer security. It fits within the department's Computer Systems and Architecture Engineering concentration. Topics covered include (but are not limited to) the following: Techniques for achieving security in multi-user computer systems and distributed computer systems; Cryptography: secret-key, public-key, digital signatures; Authentication and identification schemes; Intrusion detection: viruses; Formal models of computer security; Secure operating systems; Software protection; Security of electronic mail and the World Wide Web; Electronic commerce: payment protocols, electronic cash; Firewalls; and Risk assessment. 6.857 is an upper-level undergraduate, first-year graduate course on network and computer security. It fits within the department's Computer Systems and Architecture Engineering concentration. Topics covered include (but are not limited to) the following: Techniques for achieving security in multi-user computer systems and distributed computer systems; Cryptography: secret-key, public-key, digital signatures; Authentication and identification schemes; Intrusion detection: viruses; Formal models of computer security; Secure operating systems; Software protection; Security of electronic mail and the World Wide Web; Electronic commerce: payment protocols, electronic cash; Firewalls; and Risk assessment.

Subjects

network | network | computer security | computer security | security | security | cryptography | cryptography | secret-key | secret-key | public-key | public-key | digital signature | digital signature | authentication | authentication | identification | identification | intrusion detection | intrusion detection | virus | virus | operating system | operating system | software | software | protection | protection | electronic mail | electronic mail | email | email | electronic commerce | electronic commerce | electronic cash | electronic cash | firewall | firewall | computer | computer | digital | digital | signature | signature | electronic | electronic | cash | cash | commerce | commerce | mail | mail | operating | operating | system | system | intrustion | intrustion | detection | detection | distributed | distributed | physical | physical | discretionary | discretionary | mandatory | mandatory | access | access | control | control | biometrics | biometrics | information | information | flow | flow | models | models | covert | covert | channels | channels | integrity | integrity | logic | logic | voting | voting | risk | risk | assessment | assessment | secure | secure | web | web | browsers | browsers | architecture | architecture | engineering | engineering | certificates | certificates | multi-user computer systems | multi-user computer systems | distributed computer systems | distributed computer systems | physical security | physical security | discretionary access control | discretionary access control | mandatory access control | mandatory access control | information-flow models | information-flow models | covert channels | covert channels | integrity models | integrity models | elementary cryptography | elementary cryptography | authentication logic;electronic cash | authentication logic;electronic cash | viruses | viruses | firewalls | firewalls | electronic voting | electronic voting | risk assessment | risk assessment | secure web browsers | secure web browsers | network security | network security | architecture engineering | architecture engineering | digital signatures | digital signatures | authentication schemes | authentication schemes | identification schemes | identification schemes | formal models | formal models | secure operating systems | secure operating systems | software protection | software protection | electronic mail security | electronic mail security | World Wide Web | World Wide Web | ecommerce | ecommerce | email security | email security | www | www | payment protocols | payment protocols | authentication logic | authentication logic

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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PE.920 PE for ME (MIT) PE.920 PE for ME (MIT)

Description

The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to Mechanical Engineering and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment. The sensing, thinking, moving body is the basis of our experience in the world; it is the very foundation on which cognitive intelligence is built. Physical Intelligence, then, is the inherent ability of the human organism to function in extraordinary accord with its physical environment. This class--a joint offering from the Department of Athletics, Physical Education and Recreation (DAPER) and Department of Mechanical Engineering (ME) for both PE and academic credit--uses the MIT gymnastics gym as a laboratory to explore Physical Intelligence as applied to Mechanical Engineering and design. Readings, discussions and experiential learning introduce various dimensions of Physical Intelligence which students then apply to the design of innovative exercise equipment.

Subjects

thinking | thinking | moving | moving | being | being | kinesthetics | kinesthetics | proprioception | proprioception | movement | movement | body | body | disbility | disbility | coordination | coordination | human organism | human organism | sensing | sensing | feeling | feeling | limbs | limbs | physical thinking | physical thinking | physical intelligence | physical intelligence

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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6.152J Microelectronics Processing Technology (MIT)

Description

This course introduces the theory and technology of micro/nano fabrication. Lectures and laboratory sessions focus on basic processing techniques such as diffusion, oxidation, photolithography, chemical vapor deposition, and more. Through team lab assignments, students are expected to gain an understanding of these processing techniques, and how they are applied in concert to device fabrication. Students enrolled in this course have a unique opportunity to fashion and test micro/nano-devices, using modern techniques and technology.

Subjects

microelectronics | Microelectronics processing | integrated circuits | vacuum | chemical vapor deposition | CVD | oxidation | diffusion | implantation | lithography | soft lithography | etching | sputtering | evaporation | interconnect | metallization | crystal growth | reliability | fabrication | processing | photolithography | physical vapor deposition | MOS | MOS capacitor | microcantilever | microfluidic | integrated circuits;vacuum;chemical vapor deposition;CVD;oxidation;diffusion;implantation;lithography;soft lithography;etching;sputtering;evaporation;interconnect;metallization;crystal growth;reliability;fabrication;processing;photolithography;physical vapor deposition;MOS;MOS capacitor;microcantilever;microfluidic | integrated circuits | vacuum | chemical vapor deposition | CVD | oxidation | diffusion | implantation | lithography | soft lithography | etching | sputtering | evaporation | interconnect | metallization | crystal growth | reliability | fabrication | processing | photolithography | physical vapor deposition | MOS | MOS capacitor | microcantilever | microfluidic | 6.152 | 3.155

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see https://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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11.166 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience (MIT) 11.166 Law, Social Movements, and Public Policy: Comparative and International Experience (MIT)

Description

The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the relationship between courts and grassroots activism on current issues like trade, environmental regulation, and human rights enforcement. Students examine case studies of institutional processes including the World Trade Organization and the World Bank from key countries like the US and India. The course introduces theoretical frameworks from legal and social movement theories as applied to court opinions, legislation, treaties, law-related articles, and policy-oriented materials and focuses on the impact of the relationship between courts and grassroots activism on current issues like trade, environmental regulation, and human rights enforcement. Students examine case studies of institutional processes including the World Trade Organization and the World Bank from key countries like the US and India.

Subjects

cities | cities | developers | developers | real estate | real estate | technology | technology | digital | digital | design | design | urban renewal | urban renewal | value creation | value creation | livability | livability | social capital | social capital | rejuvenation | rejuvenation | brokerage | brokerage | urban planning | urban planning | physical fabric | physical fabric | partnerships | partnerships

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT) 12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT)

Description

This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB, and Mathematica. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages. This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB, and Mathematica. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages.

Subjects

programming languages | programming languages | techniques used by physical scientists | techniques used by physical scientists | FORTRAN | FORTRAN | C | C | C++ | C++ | Matlab | Matlab | Mathematica | Mathematica | program design | program design | algorithm development and verification | algorithm development and verification | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | examination of data with visualization techniques | examination of data with visualization techniques | numerical analysis | numerical analysis | methods of dissemination and verification | methods of dissemination and verification

License

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htm

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18.03 Differential Equations (MIT) 18.03 Differential Equations (MIT)

Description

Differential Equations are the language in which the laws of nature are expressed. Understanding properties of solutions of differential equations is fundamental to much of contemporary science and engineering. Ordinary differential equations (ODE's) deal with functions of one variable, which can often be thought of as time. Topics include: Solution of first-order ODE's by analytical, graphical and numerical methods; Linear ODE's, especially second order with constant coefficients; Undetermined coefficients and variation of parameters; Sinusoidal and exponential signals: oscillations, damping, resonance; Complex numbers and exponentials; Fourier series, periodic solutions; Delta functions, convolution, and Laplace transform methods; Matrix and first order linear systems: eigenvalues and Differential Equations are the language in which the laws of nature are expressed. Understanding properties of solutions of differential equations is fundamental to much of contemporary science and engineering. Ordinary differential equations (ODE's) deal with functions of one variable, which can often be thought of as time. Topics include: Solution of first-order ODE's by analytical, graphical and numerical methods; Linear ODE's, especially second order with constant coefficients; Undetermined coefficients and variation of parameters; Sinusoidal and exponential signals: oscillations, damping, resonance; Complex numbers and exponentials; Fourier series, periodic solutions; Delta functions, convolution, and Laplace transform methods; Matrix and first order linear systems: eigenvalues and

Subjects

Ordinary Differential Equations | Ordinary Differential Equations | ODE | ODE | modeling physical systems | modeling physical systems | first-order ODE's | first-order ODE's | Linear ODE's | Linear ODE's | second order ODE's | second order ODE's | second order ODE's with constant coefficients | second order ODE's with constant coefficients | Undetermined coefficients | Undetermined coefficients | variation of parameters | variation of parameters | Sinusoidal signals | Sinusoidal signals | exponential signals | exponential signals | oscillations | oscillations | damping | damping | resonance | resonance | Complex numbers and exponentials | Complex numbers and exponentials | Fourier series | Fourier series | periodic solutions | periodic solutions | Delta functions | Delta functions | convolution | convolution | Laplace transform methods Matrix systems | Laplace transform methods Matrix systems | first order linear systems | first order linear systems | eigenvalues and eigenvectors | eigenvalues and eigenvectors | Non-linear autonomous systems | Non-linear autonomous systems | critical point analysis | critical point analysis | phase plane diagrams | phase plane diagrams

License

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3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT) 3.40J Physical Metallurgy (MIT)

Description

Discusses structure-property relationships in metallic alloys selected to illustrate some basic concepts of physical metallurgy and alloy design. Fundamentals of annealing, spinodal decomposition, nucleation, growth, and particle coarsening. Concentrates on structure, structure formation, and structure-properties relationships. Also considers structural features: grain size, interstitial and substitutional solutes, precipitates, second-phase particles, and eutectoids. Examples from advanced structural alloys and low-dimensional alloys for magnetic recording media and integrated circuits. Discusses structure-property relationships in metallic alloys selected to illustrate some basic concepts of physical metallurgy and alloy design. Fundamentals of annealing, spinodal decomposition, nucleation, growth, and particle coarsening. Concentrates on structure, structure formation, and structure-properties relationships. Also considers structural features: grain size, interstitial and substitutional solutes, precipitates, second-phase particles, and eutectoids. Examples from advanced structural alloys and low-dimensional alloys for magnetic recording media and integrated circuits.

Subjects

metallic alloys | metallic alloys | physical metallurgy | physical metallurgy | alloy design | alloy design | annealing | annealing | spinodal decomposition | spinodal decomposition | nucleation | nucleation | particle coarsening | particle coarsening | structure | structure | structure formation | structure formation | structure-properties relationships | structure-properties relationships | structural features | structural features | 3.40 | 3.40 | 22.71 | 22.71

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12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT) 12.010 Computational Methods of Scientific Programming (MIT)

Description

This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB, and Mathematica. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages. This course introduces programming languages and techniques used by physical scientists: FORTRAN, C, C++, MATLAB, and Mathematica. Emphasis is placed on program design, algorithm development and verification, and comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages.

Subjects

programming languages | programming languages | techniques used by physical scientists | techniques used by physical scientists | FORTRAN | FORTRAN | C | C | C++ | C++ | Matlab | Matlab | Mathematica | Mathematica | program design | program design | algorithm development and verification | algorithm development and verification | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | comparative advantages and disadvantages of different languages | examination of data with visualization techniques | examination of data with visualization techniques | numerical analysis | numerical analysis | methods of dissemination and verification | methods of dissemination and verification

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6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT) 6.012 Microelectronic Devices and Circuits (MIT)

Description

6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include: modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and MOS devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points. 6.012 is the header course for the department's "Devices, Circuits and Systems" concentration. The topics covered include: modeling of microelectronic devices, basic microelectronic circuit analysis and design, physical electronics of semiconductor junction and MOS devices, relation of electrical behavior to internal physical processes, development of circuit models, and understanding the uses and limitations of various models. The course uses incremental and large-signal techniques to analyze and design bipolar and field effect transistor circuits, with examples chosen from digital circuits, single-ended and differential linear amplifiers, and other integrated circuits. This course is worth 4 Engineering Design Points.

Subjects

microelectronic device | microelectronic device | circuit | circuit | design | design | physical electronics | physical electronics | semiconductor junction | semiconductor junction | MOS device | MOS device | electrical behavior | electrical behavior | incremental technique | incremental technique | large-signal technique | large-signal technique | bipolar transistor | bipolar transistor | field effect transistor | field effect transistor | digital circuit | digital circuit | single-ended amplifier | single-ended amplifier | differential linear amplifier | differential linear amplifier | integrated circuit | integrated circuit

License

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT) 5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

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5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT) 5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

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6.050J Information and Entropy (MIT) 6.050J Information and Entropy (MIT)

Description

6.050J / 2.110J presents the unified theory of information with applications to computing, communications, thermodynamics, and other sciences. It covers digital signals and streams, codes, compression, noise, and probability, reversible and irreversible operations, information in biological systems, channel capacity, maximum-entropy formalism, thermodynamic equilibrium, temperature, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and quantum computation. Designed for MIT freshmen as an elective, this course has been jointly developed by MIT's Departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Mechanical Engineering. There is no known course similar to 6.050J / 2.110J offered at any other university.  6.050J / 2.110J presents the unified theory of information with applications to computing, communications, thermodynamics, and other sciences. It covers digital signals and streams, codes, compression, noise, and probability, reversible and irreversible operations, information in biological systems, channel capacity, maximum-entropy formalism, thermodynamic equilibrium, temperature, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, and quantum computation. Designed for MIT freshmen as an elective, this course has been jointly developed by MIT's Departments of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science and Mechanical Engineering. There is no known course similar to 6.050J / 2.110J offered at any other university. 

Subjects

information and entropy | information and entropy | computing | computing | communications | communications | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | digital signals and streams | digital signals and streams | codes | codes | compression | compression | noise | noise | probability | probability | reversible operations | reversible operations | irreversible operations | irreversible operations | information in biological systems | information in biological systems | channel capacity | channel capacity | aximum-entropy formalism | aximum-entropy formalism | thermodynamic equilibrium | thermodynamic equilibrium | temperature | temperature | second law of thermodynamics quantum computation | second law of thermodynamics quantum computation | maximum-entropy formalism | maximum-entropy formalism | second law of thermodynamics | second law of thermodynamics | quantum computation | quantum computation | biological systems | biological systems | unified theory of information | unified theory of information | digital signals | digital signals | digital streams | digital streams | bits | bits | errors | errors | processes | processes | inference | inference | maximum entropy | maximum entropy | physical systems | physical systems | energy | energy | quantum information | quantum information | 6.050 | 6.050 | 2.110 | 2.110

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12.540 Principles of the Global Positioning System (MIT) 12.540 Principles of the Global Positioning System (MIT)

Description

The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the interests of the students in the class. In some cases, the class interests are towards the geophysical applications of GPS and we concentrate on high precision(millimeter level) positioning on regional and global scales. In other cases, the interests have been more toward engineering applications of kinematic positioning with GPS in which case the concentration is on positioning with slightly less accuracy but being able to do so for a moving object. In all cases, we concentrate on the fundamen The aim of this course is to introduce the principles of the Global Positioning System and to demonstrate its application to various aspects of Earth Sciences. The specific content of the course depends each year on the interests of the students in the class. In some cases, the class interests are towards the geophysical applications of GPS and we concentrate on high precision(millimeter level) positioning on regional and global scales. In other cases, the interests have been more toward engineering applications of kinematic positioning with GPS in which case the concentration is on positioning with slightly less accuracy but being able to do so for a moving object. In all cases, we concentrate on the fundamen

Subjects

Global Positioning System | Global Positioning System | Earth Sciences | Earth Sciences | geophysical applications | geophysical applications | GPS | GPS | engineering applications | engineering applications | kinematic positioning | kinematic positioning | precision | precision | accuracy | accuracy | moving objects | moving objects | coordinate | coordinate | time | time | systems | systems | satellite | satellite | geodetic | geodetic | orbital | orbital | motions | motions | pseudo ranges | pseudo ranges | carrier phases | carrier phases | stochastic | stochastic | mathematics | mathematics | models | models | data | data | analysis | analysis | estimation | estimation

License

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5.61 Physical Chemistry (MIT) 5.61 Physical Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course presents an introduction to quantum mechanics. It begins with an examination of the historical development of quantum theory, properties of particles and waves, wave mechanics and applications to simple systems -- the particle in a box, the harmonic oscillator, the rigid rotor and the hydrogen atom. The lectures continue with a discussion of atomic structure and the Periodic Table. The final lectures cover applications to chemical bonding including valence bond and molecular orbital theory, molecular structure, spectroscopy.AcknowledgementsThe material for 5.61 has evolved over a period of many years, and, accordingly, several faculty members have contributed to the development of the course contents. The original version of the lecture notes that are available on OCW was prepa This course presents an introduction to quantum mechanics. It begins with an examination of the historical development of quantum theory, properties of particles and waves, wave mechanics and applications to simple systems -- the particle in a box, the harmonic oscillator, the rigid rotor and the hydrogen atom. The lectures continue with a discussion of atomic structure and the Periodic Table. The final lectures cover applications to chemical bonding including valence bond and molecular orbital theory, molecular structure, spectroscopy.AcknowledgementsThe material for 5.61 has evolved over a period of many years, and, accordingly, several faculty members have contributed to the development of the course contents. The original version of the lecture notes that are available on OCW was prepa

Subjects

physical chemistry | physical chemistry | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | quantum chemistry | quantum chemistry | particles and waves; wave mechanics | particles and waves; wave mechanics | atomic structure | atomic structure | valence orbital | valence orbital | molecular orbital theory | molecular orbital theory | molecular structure | molecular structure | photochemistry | photochemistry | particles and waves | wave mechanics | particles and waves | wave mechanics

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5.62 Physical Chemistry II (MIT) 5.62 Physical Chemistry II (MIT)

Description

This subject deals primarily with elementary statistical mechanics, transport properties, kinetic theory, solid state, reaction rate theory, and chemical reaction dynamics.AcknowledgementsThe lecture note materials for this course include contributions from Professor Sylvia T. Ceyer. The Staff for this course would like to acknowledge that these course materials include contributions from past instructors, textbooks, and other members of the MIT Chemistry Department affiliated with course #5.62. Since the following works have evolved over a period of many years, no single source can be attributed. This subject deals primarily with elementary statistical mechanics, transport properties, kinetic theory, solid state, reaction rate theory, and chemical reaction dynamics.AcknowledgementsThe lecture note materials for this course include contributions from Professor Sylvia T. Ceyer. The Staff for this course would like to acknowledge that these course materials include contributions from past instructors, textbooks, and other members of the MIT Chemistry Department affiliated with course #5.62. Since the following works have evolved over a period of many years, no single source can be attributed.

Subjects

physical chemistry | physical chemistry | partition functions | partition functions | atomic degrees of freedom | atomic degrees of freedom | molecular degrees of freedom | molecular degrees of freedom | chemical equilibrium | chemical equilibrium | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | intermolecular potentials | intermolecular potentials | equations of state | equations of state | solid state chemistry | solid state chemistry | einstein and debye solids | einstein and debye solids | kinetic theory | kinetic theory | rate theory | rate theory | chemical kinetics | chemical kinetics | transition state theory | transition state theory | RRKM theory | RRKM theory | collision theory | collision theory | equipartition | equipartition | fermi-dirac statistics | fermi-dirac statistics | boltzmann statistics | boltzmann statistics | bose-einstein statistics | bose-einstein statistics | statistical mechanics | statistical mechanics

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Magnetic Materials and Devices (MIT) Magnetic Materials and Devices (MIT)

Description

This course explores the relationships which exist between the performance of electrical, optical, and magnetic devices and the microstructural characteristics of the materials from which they are constructed. It features a device-motivated approach which places strong emphasis on emerging technologies. Device applications of physical phenomena are considered, including electrical conductivity and doping, transistors, photodetectors and photovoltaics, luminescence, light emitting diodes, lasers, optical phenomena, photonics, ferromagnetism, and magnetoresistance. This course explores the relationships which exist between the performance of electrical, optical, and magnetic devices and the microstructural characteristics of the materials from which they are constructed. It features a device-motivated approach which places strong emphasis on emerging technologies. Device applications of physical phenomena are considered, including electrical conductivity and doping, transistors, photodetectors and photovoltaics, luminescence, light emitting diodes, lasers, optical phenomena, photonics, ferromagnetism, and magnetoresistance.

Subjects

electrical | optical | and magnetic devices | electrical | optical | and magnetic devices | microstructural characteristics of materials | microstructural characteristics of materials | device-motivated approach | device-motivated approach | emerging technologies | emerging technologies | physical phenomena | physical phenomena | electrical conductivity | electrical conductivity | doping | doping | transistors | transistors | photodectors | photodectors | photovoltaics | photovoltaics | luminescence | luminescence | light emitting diodes | light emitting diodes | lasers | lasers | optical phenomena | optical phenomena | photonics | photonics | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetism | magnetoresistance | magnetoresistance | electrical devices | electrical devices | optical devices | optical devices | magnetic devices | magnetic devices | materials | materials | device applications | device applications

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IV (MIT) IV (MIT)

Description

The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files The basic objective of Unified Engineering is to give a solid understanding of the fundamental disciplines of aerospace engineering, as well as their interrelationships and applications. These disciplines are Materials and Structures (M); Computers and Programming (C); Fluid Mechanics (F); Thermodynamics (T); Propulsion (P); and Signals and Systems (S). In choosing to teach these subjects in a unified manner, the instructors seek to explain the common intellectual threads in these disciplines, as well as their combined application to solve engineering Systems Problems (SP). Throughout the year, the instructors emphasize the connections among the disciplines.Technical RequirementsMicrosoft® Excel software is recommended for viewing the .xls files

Subjects

Unified | Unified | Unified Engineering | Unified Engineering | aerospace | aerospace | CDIO | CDIO | C-D-I-O | C-D-I-O | conceive | conceive | design | design | implement | implement | operate | operate | team | team | team-based | team-based | discipline | discipline | materials | materials | structures | structures | materials and structures | materials and structures | computers | computers | programming | programming | computers and programming | computers and programming | fluids | fluids | fluid mechanics | fluid mechanics | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | propulsion | propulsion | signals | signals | systems | systems | signals and systems | signals and systems | systems problems | systems problems | fundamentals | fundamentals | technical communication | technical communication | graphical communication | graphical communication | communication | communication | reading | reading | research | research | experimentation | experimentation | personal response system | personal response system | prs | prs | active learning | active learning | First law | First law | first law of thermodynamics | first law of thermodynamics | thermo-mechanical | thermo-mechanical | energy | energy | energy conversion | energy conversion | aerospace power systems | aerospace power systems | propulsion systems | propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | aerospace propulsion systems | heat | heat | work | work | thermal efficiency | thermal efficiency | forms of energy | forms of energy | energy exchange | energy exchange | processes | processes | heat engines | heat engines | engines | engines | steady-flow energy equation | steady-flow energy equation | energy flow | energy flow | flows | flows | path-dependence | path-dependence | path-independence | path-independence | reversibility | reversibility | irreversibility | irreversibility | state | state | thermodynamic state | thermodynamic state | performance | performance | ideal cycle | ideal cycle | simple heat engine | simple heat engine | cycles | cycles | thermal pressures | thermal pressures | temperatures | temperatures | linear static networks | linear static networks | loop method | loop method | node method | node method | linear dynamic networks | linear dynamic networks | classical methods | classical methods | state methods | state methods | state concepts | state concepts | dynamic systems | dynamic systems | resistive circuits | resistive circuits | sources | sources | voltages | voltages | currents | currents | Thevinin | Thevinin | Norton | Norton | initial value problems | initial value problems | RLC networks | RLC networks | characteristic values | characteristic values | characteristic vectors | characteristic vectors | transfer function | transfer function | ada | ada | ada programming | ada programming | programming language | programming language | software systems | software systems | programming style | programming style | computer architecture | computer architecture | program language evolution | program language evolution | classification | classification | numerical computation | numerical computation | number representation systems | number representation systems | assembly | assembly | SimpleSIM | SimpleSIM | RISC | RISC | CISC | CISC | operating systems | operating systems | single user | single user | multitasking | multitasking | multiprocessing | multiprocessing | domain-specific classification | domain-specific classification | recursive | recursive | execution time | execution time | fluid dynamics | fluid dynamics | physical properties of a fluid | physical properties of a fluid | fluid flow | fluid flow | mach | mach | reynolds | reynolds | conservation | conservation | conservation principles | conservation principles | conservation of mass | conservation of mass | conservation of momentum | conservation of momentum | conservation of energy | conservation of energy | continuity | continuity | inviscid | inviscid | steady flow | steady flow | simple bodies | simple bodies | airfoils | airfoils | wings | wings | channels | channels | aerodynamics | aerodynamics | forces | forces | moments | moments | equilibrium | equilibrium | freebody diagram | freebody diagram | free-body | free-body | free body | free body | planar force systems | planar force systems | equipollent systems | equipollent systems | equipollence | equipollence | support reactions | support reactions | reactions | reactions | static determinance | static determinance | determinate systems | determinate systems | truss analysis | truss analysis | trusses | trusses | method of joints | method of joints | method of sections | method of sections | statically indeterminate | statically indeterminate | three great principles | three great principles | 3 great principles | 3 great principles | indicial notation | indicial notation | rotation of coordinates | rotation of coordinates | coordinate rotation | coordinate rotation | stress | stress | extensional stress | extensional stress | shear stress | shear stress | notation | notation | plane stress | plane stress | stress equilbrium | stress equilbrium | stress transformation | stress transformation | mohr | mohr | mohr's circle | mohr's circle | principal stress | principal stress | principal stresses | principal stresses | extreme shear stress | extreme shear stress | strain | strain | extensional strain | extensional strain | shear strain | shear strain | strain-displacement | strain-displacement | compatibility | compatibility | strain transformation | strain transformation | transformation of strain | transformation of strain | mohr's circle for strain | mohr's circle for strain | principal strain | principal strain | extreme shear strain | extreme shear strain | uniaxial stress-strain | uniaxial stress-strain | material properties | material properties | classes of materials | classes of materials | bulk material properties | bulk material properties | origin of elastic properties | origin of elastic properties | structures of materials | structures of materials | atomic bonding | atomic bonding | packing of atoms | packing of atoms | atomic packing | atomic packing | crystals | crystals | crystal structures | crystal structures | polymers | polymers | estimate of moduli | estimate of moduli | moduli | moduli | composites | composites | composite materials | composite materials | modulus limited design | modulus limited design | material selection | material selection | materials selection | materials selection | measurement of elastic properties | measurement of elastic properties | stress-strain | stress-strain | stress-strain relations | stress-strain relations | anisotropy | anisotropy | orthotropy | orthotropy | measurements | measurements | engineering notation | engineering notation | Hooke | Hooke | Hooke's law | Hooke's law | general hooke's law | general hooke's law | equations of elasticity | equations of elasticity | boundary conditions | boundary conditions | multi-disciplinary | multi-disciplinary | models | models | engineering systems | engineering systems | experiments | experiments | investigations | investigations | experimental error | experimental error | design evaluation | design evaluation | evaluation | evaluation | trade studies | trade studies | effects of engineering | effects of engineering | social context | social context | engineering drawings | engineering drawings | 16.01 | 16.01 | 16.02 | 16.02 | 16.03 | 16.03 | 16.04 | 16.04

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