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22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT) 22.101 Applied Nuclear Physics (MIT)

Description

The topics covered under this course include elements of nuclear physics for engineering students, basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations, quantum mechanical calculations of deuteron bound-state wave function and energy, n-p scattering cross-section, transition probability per unit time and barrier transmission probability. Also explored are binding energy and nuclear stability, interactions of charged particles, neutrons, and gamma rays with matter, radioactive decays, energetics and general cross-section behavior in nuclear reactions. The topics covered under this course include elements of nuclear physics for engineering students, basic properties of the nucleus and nuclear radiations, quantum mechanical calculations of deuteron bound-state wave function and energy, n-p scattering cross-section, transition probability per unit time and barrier transmission probability. Also explored are binding energy and nuclear stability, interactions of charged particles, neutrons, and gamma rays with matter, radioactive decays, energetics and general cross-section behavior in nuclear reactions.Subjects

Nuclear physics | Nuclear physics | Nuclear reaction | Nuclear reaction | Nucleus | Nucleus | Nuclear radiation | Nuclear radiation | Quantum mechanics | Quantum mechanics | Deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | Deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | n-p scattering cross-section | n-p scattering cross-section | Transition probability per unit time | Transition probability per unit time | Barrier transmission probability | Barrier transmission probability | Binding energy | Binding energy | Nuclear stability | Nuclear stability | Interactions of charged particles neutrons and gamma rays with matter | Interactions of charged particles neutrons and gamma rays with matter | Radioactive decay | Radioactive decay | Energetics | Energetics | nuclear physics | nuclear physics | nuclear reaction | nuclear reaction | nucleus | nucleus | nuclear radiation | nuclear radiation | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | deuteron bound-state wave function and energy | transition probability per unit time | transition probability per unit time | barrier transmission probability | barrier transmission probability | nuclear stability | nuclear stability | Interactions of charged particles | Interactions of charged particles | neutrons | neutrons | and gamma rays with matter | and gamma rays with matter | energetics | energeticsLicense

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See all metadata15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT) 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice. This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice.Subjects

decision analysis | decision analysis | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | normal probability distribution | normal probability distribution | statistical sampling | statistical sampling | regression models | regression models | linear optimization | linear optimization | nonlinear optimization | nonlinear optimization | discrete optimization | discrete optimizationLicense

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See all metadata15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT) 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice. This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice.Subjects

decision analysis | decision analysis | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | normal probability distribution | normal probability distribution | statistical sampling | statistical sampling | regression models | regression models | linear optimization | linear optimization | nonlinear optimization | nonlinear optimization | discrete optimization | discrete optimizationLicense

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See all metadata15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT) 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice. This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice.Subjects

decision analysis | decision analysis | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | normal probability distribution | normal probability distribution | statistical sampling | statistical sampling | regression models | regression models | linear optimization | linear optimization | nonlinear optimization | nonlinear optimization | discrete optimization | discrete optimizationLicense

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Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic combinatorics, random variables, probability distributions, Bayesian inference, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and linear regression. The Spring 2014 version of this subject employed the residential MITx system, which enables on-campus subjects to provide MIT students with learning and assessment tools such as online problem sets, lecture videos, reading questions, pre-lecture questions, problem set assistance, tutorial videos, exam review content, and even online exams. Includes audio/video content: AV selected lectures. This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic combinatorics, random variables, probability distributions, Bayesian inference, hypothesis testing, confidence intervals, and linear regression. The Spring 2014 version of this subject employed the residential MITx system, which enables on-campus subjects to provide MIT students with learning and assessment tools such as online problem sets, lecture videos, reading questions, pre-lecture questions, problem set assistance, tutorial videos, exam review content, and even online exams.Subjects

probability | probability | statistics | statistics | models | models | combinatorics | combinatorics | expectation | expectation | variance | variance | random variable | random variable | discrete probability distribution | discrete probability distribution | continuous probability distribution | continuous probability distribution | Bayes | Bayes | distribution | distribution | statistical estimation | statistical estimation | statistical testing | statistical testing | confidence interval | confidence interval | linear regression | linear regression | normal | normal | significance testing | significance testing | bootstrapping | bootstrappingLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic probability models; combinatorics; random variables; discrete and continuous probability distributions; statistical estimation and testing; confidence intervals; and an introduction to linear regression. This course provides an elementary introduction to probability and statistics with applications. Topics include: basic probability models; combinatorics; random variables; discrete and continuous probability distributions; statistical estimation and testing; confidence intervals; and an introduction to linear regression.Subjects

probability models | probability models | combinatorics | combinatorics | random variables | random variables | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | statistical estimation | statistical estimation | statistical testing | statistical testing | confidence intervals | confidence intervals | linear regression | linear regressionLicense

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See all metadata15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT) 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce first-year Sloan MBA students to the fundamental techniques of using data. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about decision problems in order to make informed management decisions. This course is designed to introduce first-year Sloan MBA students to the fundamental techniques of using data. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about decision problems in order to make informed management decisions.Subjects

decision analysis | decision analysis | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | normal probability distribution | normal probability distribution | statistical sampling | statistical sampling | regression models | regression models | linear optimization | linear optimization | nonlinear optimization | nonlinear optimization | discrete optimization | discrete optimizationLicense

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See all metadata15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT) 15.060 Data, Models, and Decisions (MIT)

Description

This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice. This course is designed to introduce first-year MBA students to the fundamental quantitative techniques of using data to make informed management decisions. In particular, the course focuses on various ways of modeling, or thinking structurally about, decision problems in order to enhance decision-making skills. Topics include decision analysis, probability, random variables, statistical estimation, regression, simulation, linear optimization, as well as nonlinear and discrete optimization. Management cases are used extensively to illustrate the practical use of modeling tools to improve the management practice.Subjects

decision analysis | decision analysis | discrete probability distributions | discrete probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | continuous probability distributions | normal probability distribution | normal probability distribution | statistical sampling | statistical sampling | regression models | regression models | linear optimization | linear optimization | nonlinear optimization | nonlinear optimization | discrete optimization | discrete optimizationLicense

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6.01 explores fundamental ideas in electrical engineering and computer science, in the context of working with mobile robots. Key engineering principles, such as abstraction and modularity, are applied in the design of computer programs, electronic circuits, discrete-time controllers, and noisy and/or uncertain systems. 6.01 explores fundamental ideas in electrical engineering and computer science, in the context of working with mobile robots. Key engineering principles, such as abstraction and modularity, are applied in the design of computer programs, electronic circuits, discrete-time controllers, and noisy and/or uncertain systems.Subjects

robots | robots | python | python | computer programs | computer programs | circuits | circuits | systems | systems | inheritance | inheritance | recursion | recursion | functional programming | functional programming | signals | signals | control | control | circuit abstractions | circuit abstractions | probability | probability | discrete probability | discrete probability | search algorithms | search algorithms | state machines | state machines | probabilistic state estimation | probabilistic state estimation | decision-making | decision-making | search | search | python robots | python robotsLicense

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See all metadata6.436J Fundamentals of Probability (MIT) 6.436J Fundamentals of Probability (MIT)

Description

This is a course on the fundamentals of probability geared towards first or second-year graduate students who are interested in a rigorous development of the subject. The course covers most of the topics in MIT course 6.431 but at a faster pace and in more depth. Topics covered include: probability spaces and measures; discrete and continuous random variables; conditioning and independence; multivariate normal distribution; abstract integration, expectation, and related convergence results; moment generating and characteristic functions; Bernoulli and Poisson processes; finite-state Markov chains; convergence notions and their relations; and limit theorems. Familiarity with elementary notions in probability and real analysis is desirable. This is a course on the fundamentals of probability geared towards first or second-year graduate students who are interested in a rigorous development of the subject. The course covers most of the topics in MIT course 6.431 but at a faster pace and in more depth. Topics covered include: probability spaces and measures; discrete and continuous random variables; conditioning and independence; multivariate normal distribution; abstract integration, expectation, and related convergence results; moment generating and characteristic functions; Bernoulli and Poisson processes; finite-state Markov chains; convergence notions and their relations; and limit theorems. Familiarity with elementary notions in probability and real analysis is desirable.Subjects

Introduction to probability theory | Introduction to probability theory | Probability spaces and measures | Probability spaces and measures | Discrete and continuous random variables | Discrete and continuous random variables | Conditioning and independence | Conditioning and independence | Multivariate normal distribution | Multivariate normal distribution | Abstract integration | Abstract integration | expectation | expectation | and related convergence results | and related convergence results | Moment generating and characteristic functions | Moment generating and characteristic functions | Bernoulli and Poisson process | Bernoulli and Poisson process | Finite-state Markov chains | Finite-state Markov chains | Convergence notions and their relations | Convergence notions and their relations | Limit theorems | Limit theorems | Familiarity with elementary notions in probability and real analysis is desirable | Familiarity with elementary notions in probability and real analysis is desirableLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference. This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference.Subjects

probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems analysis | probabilistic systems analysis | applied probability | applied probability | uncertainty | uncertainty | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty quantification | uncertainty quantification | analysis of uncertainty | analysis of uncertainty | uncertainty analysis | uncertainty analysis | sample space | sample space | random variables | random variables | transform techniques | transform techniques | simple random processes | simple random processes | probability distribution | probability distribution | Markov process | Markov process | limit theorem | limit theorem | statistical inference | statistical inferenceLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This is an introductory course in Discrete Mathematics oriented toward Computer Science and Engineering. The course divides roughly into thirds: Fundamental concepts of Mathematics: definitions, proofs, sets, functions, relations. Discrete structures: modular arithmetic, graphs, state machines, counting. Discrete probability theory. This course was also taught as part of the Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA) programme as course number SMA 5512 (Mathematics for Computer Science). Contributors Srinivas Devadas Lars Engebretsen David Karger Eric Lehman Thomson Leighton Charles Leiserson Nancy Lynch Santosh Vempala This is an introductory course in Discrete Mathematics oriented toward Computer Science and Engineering. The course divides roughly into thirds: Fundamental concepts of Mathematics: definitions, proofs, sets, functions, relations. Discrete structures: modular arithmetic, graphs, state machines, counting. Discrete probability theory. This course was also taught as part of the Singapore-MIT Alliance (SMA) programme as course number SMA 5512 (Mathematics for Computer Science). Contributors Srinivas Devadas Lars Engebretsen David Karger Eric Lehman Thomson Leighton Charles Leiserson Nancy Lynch Santosh VempalaSubjects

discrete mathematics | discrete mathematics | computer science | computer science | definitions | definitions | proofs | proofs | sets | sets | functions | functions | relations | relations | discrete structures | discrete structures | modular arithmetic | modular arithmetic | graphs | graphs | state machines | state machines | counting | counting | discrete probability theory | discrete probability theory | probability | probability | 6.042 | 6.042 | 18.062 | 18.062License

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This course covers the basic models and solution techniques for problems of sequential decision making under uncertainty (stochastic control). Approximation methods for problems involving large state spaces are also presented and discussed. This course covers the basic models and solution techniques for problems of sequential decision making under uncertainty (stochastic control). Approximation methods for problems involving large state spaces are also presented and discussed.Subjects

dynamic programming | dynamic programming | | stochastic control | | stochastic control | | mathematics | optimization | | | mathematics | optimization | | algorithms | | algorithms | | probability | | probability | | Markov chains | | Markov chains | | optimal control | optimal control | stochastic control | stochastic control | mathematics | mathematics | optimization | optimization | algorithms | algorithms | probability | probability | Markov chains | Markov chainsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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See all metadata18.441 Statistical Inference (MIT) 18.441 Statistical Inference (MIT)

Description

Reviews probability and introduces statistical inference. Point and interval estimation. The maximum likelihood method. Hypothesis testing. Likelihood-ratio tests and Bayesian methods. Nonparametric methods. Analysis of variance, regression analysis and correlation. Chi-square goodness of fit tests. More theoretical than 18.443 (Statistics for Applications) and more detailed in its treatment of statistics than 18.05 (Introduction to Probability and Statistics). Reviews probability and introduces statistical inference. Point and interval estimation. The maximum likelihood method. Hypothesis testing. Likelihood-ratio tests and Bayesian methods. Nonparametric methods. Analysis of variance, regression analysis and correlation. Chi-square goodness of fit tests. More theoretical than 18.443 (Statistics for Applications) and more detailed in its treatment of statistics than 18.05 (Introduction to Probability and Statistics).Subjects

probability | probability | statistical inference | statistical inference | Point and interval estimation | Point and interval estimation | The maximum likelihood method | The maximum likelihood method | Hypothesis testing | Hypothesis testing | Likelihood-ratio tests | Likelihood-ratio tests | Bayesian methods | Bayesian methods | Nonparametric methods | Nonparametric methods | Analysis of variance | Analysis of variance | regression analysis | regression analysis | correlation | correlation | Chi-square goodness of fit tests | Chi-square goodness of fit tests | Likelihood-ratio tests and Bayesian methods | Likelihood-ratio tests and Bayesian methods | regression analysis and correlation | regression analysis and correlation | probability | statistical inference | probability | statistical inference | Analysis of variance | regression analysis and correlation | Analysis of variance | regression analysis and correlationLicense

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See all metadata14.32 Econometrics (MIT) 14.32 Econometrics (MIT)

Description

This course covers the statistical tools needed to understand empirical economic research and to plan and execute independent research projects. Topics include statistical inference, regression, generalized least squares, instrumental variables, simultaneous equations models, and the evaluation of government policies and programs.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .asc files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific instructions or recommendations. Any number of software tools can be used to import the data files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific instructions or recommendations. This course covers the statistical tools needed to understand empirical economic research and to plan and execute independent research projects. Topics include statistical inference, regression, generalized least squares, instrumental variables, simultaneous equations models, and the evaluation of government policies and programs.Technical RequirementsAny text editor can be used to view the .asc files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific instructions or recommendations. Any number of software tools can be used to import the data files found on this course site. Please refer to the course materials for any specific instructions or recommendations.Subjects

probability | probability | distribution | distribution | sampling | sampling | confidence intervals | confidence intervals | bivariate regression | bivariate regression | residuals | residuals | fitted values | fitted values | goodness of fit | | goodness of fit | | multivariate regression | multivariate regression | heteroscedasticity | heteroscedasticity | linear probability models | linear probability models | serial correlation | serial correlation | measurement error | measurement error | goodness of fit | goodness of fitLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference. This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference.Subjects

probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems analysis | probabilistic systems analysis | applied probability | applied probability | uncertainty | uncertainty | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty quantification | uncertainty quantification | analysis of uncertainty | analysis of uncertainty | uncertainty analysis | uncertainty analysis | sample space | sample space | random variables | random variables | transform techniques | transform techniques | simple random processes | simple random processes | probability distribution | probability distribution | Markov process | Markov process | limit theorem | limit theorem | statistical inference | statistical inferenceLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Welcome to 6.041/6.431, a subject on the modeling and analysis of random phenomena and processes, including the basics of statistical inference. Nowadays, there is broad consensus that the ability to think probabilistically is a fundamental component of scientific literacy. For example: The concept of statistical significance (to be touched upon at the end of this course) is considered by the Financial Times as one of "The Ten Things Everyone Should Know About Science". A recent Scientific American article argues that statistical literacy is crucial in making health-related decisions. Finally, an article in the New York Times identifies statistical data analysis as an upcoming profession, valuable everywhere, from Google and Includes audio/video content: AV lectures. Welcome to 6.041/6.431, a subject on the modeling and analysis of random phenomena and processes, including the basics of statistical inference. Nowadays, there is broad consensus that the ability to think probabilistically is a fundamental component of scientific literacy. For example: The concept of statistical significance (to be touched upon at the end of this course) is considered by the Financial Times as one of "The Ten Things Everyone Should Know About Science". A recent Scientific American article argues that statistical literacy is crucial in making health-related decisions. Finally, an article in the New York Times identifies statistical data analysis as an upcoming profession, valuable everywhere, from Google andSubjects

probability | probability | probability models | probability models | bayes rule | bayes rule | discrete random variables | discrete random variables | continuous random variables | continuous random variables | bernoulli process | bernoulli process | poisson process | poisson process | markov chains | markov chains | central limit theorem | central limit theorem | statistical inference | statistical inferenceLicense

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See all metadata1.010 Uncertainty in Engineering (MIT) 1.010 Uncertainty in Engineering (MIT)

Description

This course gives an introduction to probability and statistics, with emphasis on engineering applications. Course topics include events and their probability, the total probability and Bayes' theorems, discrete and continuous random variables and vectors, uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. Second-moment representation of uncertainty, random sampling, estimation of distribution parameters (method of moments, maximum likelihood, Bayesian estimation), and simple and multiple linear regression. Concepts illustrated with examples from various areas of engineering and everyday life. This course gives an introduction to probability and statistics, with emphasis on engineering applications. Course topics include events and their probability, the total probability and Bayes' theorems, discrete and continuous random variables and vectors, uncertainty propagation and conditional analysis. Second-moment representation of uncertainty, random sampling, estimation of distribution parameters (method of moments, maximum likelihood, Bayesian estimation), and simple and multiple linear regression. Concepts illustrated with examples from various areas of engineering and everyday life.Subjects

fundamentals of probability | fundamentals of probability | random processes | random processes | statistics | statistics | decision analysis | decision analysis | random variables and vectors | random variables and vectors | uncertainty propagation | uncertainty propagation | conditional distributions | conditional distributions | second-moment analysis | second-moment analysis | system reliability | system reliability | Bayes theorem | Bayes theorem | total probability theorem | total probability theorem | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | Bayesian analysis and risk-based decision | estimation of distribution parameters | estimation of distribution parameters | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | simple and multiple linear regressions | simple and multiple linear regressions | Poisson and Markov processes | Poisson and Markov processesLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This subject is a computer-oriented introduction to probability and data analysis. It is designed to give students the knowledge and practical experience they need to interpret lab and field data. Basic probability concepts are introduced at the outset because they provide a systematic way to describe uncertainty. They form the basis for the analysis of quantitative data in science and engineering. The MATLAB® programming language is used to perform virtual experiments and to analyze real-world data sets, many downloaded from the web. Programming applications include display and assessment of data sets, investigation of hypotheses, and identification of possible casual relationships between variables. This is the first semester that two courses, Computing and Data Analysis for Environm This subject is a computer-oriented introduction to probability and data analysis. It is designed to give students the knowledge and practical experience they need to interpret lab and field data. Basic probability concepts are introduced at the outset because they provide a systematic way to describe uncertainty. They form the basis for the analysis of quantitative data in science and engineering. The MATLAB® programming language is used to perform virtual experiments and to analyze real-world data sets, many downloaded from the web. Programming applications include display and assessment of data sets, investigation of hypotheses, and identification of possible casual relationships between variables. This is the first semester that two courses, Computing and Data Analysis for EnvironmSubjects

probability | probability | statistics | statistics | events | events | random variables | random variables | univariate distributions | univariate distributions | multivariate distributions | multivariate distributions | uncertainty propagation | uncertainty propagation | Bernoulli trials | Bernoulli trials | Poisson processed | Poisson processed | conditional probability | conditional probability | Bayes rule | Bayes rule | random sampling | random sampling | point estimation | point estimation | interval estimation | interval estimation | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | analysis of variance | analysis of variance | linear regression | linear regression | computational analysis | computational analysis | data analysis | data analysis | environmental engineering | environmental engineering | applications | applications | MATLAB | MATLAB | numerical modeling | numerical modeling | probabilistic concepts | probabilistic concepts | statistical methods | statistical methods | field data | field data | laboratory data | laboratory data | numerical techniques | numerical techniques | Monte Carlo simulation | Monte Carlo simulation | variability | variability | sampling | sampling | data sets | data sets | computer | computer | uncertainty | uncertainty | interpretation | interpretation | quantitative data | quantitative dataLicense

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This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference. This course is offered both to undergraduates (6.041) and graduates (6.431), but the assignments differ. 6.041/6.431 introduces students to the modeling, quantification, and analysis of uncertainty. Topics covered include: formulation and solution in sample space, random variables, transform techniques, simple random processes and their probability distributions, Markov processes, limit theorems, and elements of statistical inference.Subjects

probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems | probabilistic systems analysis | probabilistic systems analysis | applied probability | applied probability | uncertainty | uncertainty | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty modeling | uncertainty quantification | uncertainty quantification | analysis of uncertainty | analysis of uncertainty | uncertainty analysis | uncertainty analysis | sample space | sample space | random variables | random variables | transform techniques | transform techniques | simple random processes | simple random processes | probability distribution | probability distribution | Markov process | Markov process | limit theorem | limit theorem | statistical inference | statistical inferenceLicense

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See all metadata6.856J Randomized Algorithms (MIT) 6.856J Randomized Algorithms (MIT)

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This course examines how randomization can be used to make algorithms simpler and more efficient via random sampling, random selection of witnesses, symmetry breaking, and Markov chains. Topics covered include: randomized computation; data structures (hash tables, skip lists); graph algorithms (minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, minimum cuts); geometric algorithms (convex hulls, linear programming in fixed or arbitrary dimension); approximate counting; parallel algorithms; online algorithms; derandomization techniques; and tools for probabilistic analysis of algorithms. This course examines how randomization can be used to make algorithms simpler and more efficient via random sampling, random selection of witnesses, symmetry breaking, and Markov chains. Topics covered include: randomized computation; data structures (hash tables, skip lists); graph algorithms (minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, minimum cuts); geometric algorithms (convex hulls, linear programming in fixed or arbitrary dimension); approximate counting; parallel algorithms; online algorithms; derandomization techniques; and tools for probabilistic analysis of algorithms.Subjects

Randomized Algorithms | Randomized Algorithms | algorithms | algorithms | efficient in time and space | efficient in time and space | randomization | randomization | computational problems | computational problems | data structures | data structures | graph algorithms | graph algorithms | optimization | optimization | geometry | geometry | Markov chains | Markov chains | sampling | sampling | estimation | estimation | geometric algorithms | geometric algorithms | parallel and distributed algorithms | parallel and distributed algorithms | parallel and ditributed algorithm | parallel and ditributed algorithm | parallel and distributed algorithm | parallel and distributed algorithm | random sampling | random sampling | random selection of witnesses | random selection of witnesses | symmetry breaking | symmetry breaking | randomized computational models | randomized computational models | hash tables | hash tables | skip lists | skip lists | minimum spanning trees | minimum spanning trees | shortest paths | shortest paths | minimum cuts | minimum cuts | convex hulls | convex hulls | linear programming | linear programming | fixed dimension | fixed dimension | arbitrary dimension | arbitrary dimension | approximate counting | approximate counting | parallel algorithms | parallel algorithms | online algorithms | online algorithms | derandomization techniques | derandomization techniques | probabilistic analysis | probabilistic analysis | computational number theory | computational number theory | simplicity | simplicity | speed | speed | design | design | basic probability theory | basic probability theory | application | application | randomized complexity classes | randomized complexity classes | game-theoretic techniques | game-theoretic techniques | Chebyshev | Chebyshev | moment inequalities | moment inequalities | limited independence | limited independence | coupon collection | coupon collection | occupancy problems | occupancy problems | tail inequalities | tail inequalities | Chernoff bound | Chernoff bound | conditional expectation | conditional expectation | probabilistic method | probabilistic method | random walks | random walks | algebraic techniques | algebraic techniques | probability amplification | probability amplification | sorting | sorting | searching | searching | combinatorial optimization | combinatorial optimization | approximation | approximation | counting problems | counting problems | distributed algorithms | distributed algorithms | 6.856 | 6.856 | 18.416 | 18.416License

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Numerical methods for solving problems arising in heat and mass transfer, fluid mechanics, chemical reaction engineering, and molecular simulation. Topics: numerical linear algebra, solution of nonlinear algebraic equations and ordinary differential equations, solution of partial differential equations (e.g. Navier-Stokes), numerical methods in molecular simulation (dynamics, geometry optimization). All methods are presented within the context of chemical engineering problems. Familiarity with structured programming is assumed. The examples will use MATLAB®. Acknowledgements The instructor would like to thank Robert Ashcraft, Sandeep Sharma, David Weingeist, and Nikolay Zaborenko for their work in preparing materials for this course site. Numerical methods for solving problems arising in heat and mass transfer, fluid mechanics, chemical reaction engineering, and molecular simulation. Topics: numerical linear algebra, solution of nonlinear algebraic equations and ordinary differential equations, solution of partial differential equations (e.g. Navier-Stokes), numerical methods in molecular simulation (dynamics, geometry optimization). All methods are presented within the context of chemical engineering problems. Familiarity with structured programming is assumed. The examples will use MATLAB®. Acknowledgements The instructor would like to thank Robert Ashcraft, Sandeep Sharma, David Weingeist, and Nikolay Zaborenko for their work in preparing materials for this course site.Subjects

Matlab | Matlab | modern computational techniques in chemical engineering | modern computational techniques in chemical engineering | mathematical techniques in chemical engineering | mathematical techniques in chemical engineering | linear systems | linear systems | scientific computing | scientific computing | solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations | solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations | solving ordinary differential equations | solving ordinary differential equations | solving differential-algebraic (DAE) systems | solving differential-algebraic (DAE) systems | probability theory | probability theory | use of probability theory in physical modeling | use of probability theory in physical modeling | statistical analysis of data estimation | statistical analysis of data estimation | statistical analysis of parameter estimation | statistical analysis of parameter estimation | finite difference techniques | finite difference techniques | finite element techniques | finite element techniques | converting partial differential equations | converting partial differential equations | Navier-Stokes equations | Navier-Stokes equationsLicense

Content within individual OCW courses is (c) by the individual authors unless otherwise noted. MIT OpenCourseWare materials are licensed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology under a Creative Commons License (Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike). For further information see http://ocw.mit.edu/terms/index.htmSite sourced from

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This course focuses on the use of modern computational and mathematical techniques in chemical engineering. Starting from a discussion of linear systems as the basic computational unit in scientific computing, methods for solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations, ordinary differential equations, and differential-algebraic (DAE) systems are presented. Probability theory and its use in physical modeling is covered, as is the statistical analysis of data and parameter estimation. The finite difference and finite element techniques are presented for converting the partial differential equations obtained from transport phenomena to DAE systems. The use of these techniques will be demonstrated throughout the course in the MATLAB® computing environment. This course focuses on the use of modern computational and mathematical techniques in chemical engineering. Starting from a discussion of linear systems as the basic computational unit in scientific computing, methods for solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations, ordinary differential equations, and differential-algebraic (DAE) systems are presented. Probability theory and its use in physical modeling is covered, as is the statistical analysis of data and parameter estimation. The finite difference and finite element techniques are presented for converting the partial differential equations obtained from transport phenomena to DAE systems. The use of these techniques will be demonstrated throughout the course in the MATLAB® computing environment.Subjects

Matlab | Matlab | modern computational techniques in chemical engineering | modern computational techniques in chemical engineering | mathematical techniques in chemical engineering | mathematical techniques in chemical engineering | linear systems | linear systems | scientific computing | scientific computing | solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations | solving sets of nonlinear algebraic equations | solving ordinary differential equations | solving ordinary differential equations | solving differential-algebraic (DAE) systems | solving differential-algebraic (DAE) systems | probability theory | probability theory | use of probability theory in physical modeling | use of probability theory in physical modeling | statistical analysis of data estimation | statistical analysis of data estimation | statistical analysis of parameter estimation | statistical analysis of parameter estimation | finite difference techniques | finite difference techniques | finite element techniques | finite element techniques | converting partial differential equations | converting partial differential equationsLicense

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This course will provide a solid foundation in probability and statistics for economists and other social scientists. We will emphasize topics needed for further study of econometrics and provide basic preparation for 14.32. Topics include elements of probability theory, sampling theory, statistical estimation, and hypothesis testing. This course will provide a solid foundation in probability and statistics for economists and other social scientists. We will emphasize topics needed for further study of econometrics and provide basic preparation for 14.32. Topics include elements of probability theory, sampling theory, statistical estimation, and hypothesis testing.Subjects

statistics | statistics | economic applications | economic applications | probability theory | probability theory | sampling theory | sampling theory | statistical estimation | statistical estimation | regression analysis | regression analysis | hypothesis testing | hypothesis testing | Elementary econometrics | Elementary econometrics | statistical tools | statistical tools | economic data | economic data | economics | economics | statistical | statistical | probability distribution function | probability distribution function | cumulative distribution function | cumulative distribution function | normal | normal | Student's t | Student's t | chi-squared | chi-squared | central limit theorem | central limit theorem | law of large numbers | law of large numbers | Bayes theorem | Bayes theoremLicense

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This course covers interpretations of the concept of probability. Topics include basic probability rules; random variables and distribution functions; functions of random variables; and applications to quality control and the reliability assessment of mechanical/electrical components, as well as simple structures and redundant systems. The course also considers elements of statistics; Bayesian methods in engineering; methods for reliability and risk assessment of complex systems (event-tree and fault-tree analysis, common-cause failures, human reliability models); uncertainty propagation in complex systems (Monte Carlo methods, Latin Hypercube Sampling); and an introduction to Markov models. Examples and applications are drawn from nuclear and other industries, waste repositories, and mech This course covers interpretations of the concept of probability. Topics include basic probability rules; random variables and distribution functions; functions of random variables; and applications to quality control and the reliability assessment of mechanical/electrical components, as well as simple structures and redundant systems. The course also considers elements of statistics; Bayesian methods in engineering; methods for reliability and risk assessment of complex systems (event-tree and fault-tree analysis, common-cause failures, human reliability models); uncertainty propagation in complex systems (Monte Carlo methods, Latin Hypercube Sampling); and an introduction to Markov models. Examples and applications are drawn from nuclear and other industries, waste repositories, and mechSubjects

risk | risk | uncertainty | uncertainty | nuclear accident | nuclear accident | disaster | disaster | meltdown | meltdown | probability | probability | risk assessment | risk assessment | PRA | PRA | probabalistic risk assessment | probabalistic risk assessment | NUREG-1150 | NUREG-1150 | WASH-1400 | WASH-1400 | failure | failure | applied probability | applied probability | applied statistics | applied statistics | system performance | system performance | MTBF | MTBF | decision | decision | hazard | hazard | fault tree analysis | fault tree analysis | event tree analysis | event tree analysisLicense

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