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22.903 Photon and Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy and Its Applications in Condensed Matter (MIT) 22.903 Photon and Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy and Its Applications in Condensed Matter (MIT)

Description

The purpose of this course is to discuss modern techniques of generation of x-ray photons and neutrons and then follow with selected applications of newly developed photon and neutron scattering spectroscopic techniques to investigations of properties of condensed matter which are of interest to nuclear engineers. The purpose of this course is to discuss modern techniques of generation of x-ray photons and neutrons and then follow with selected applications of newly developed photon and neutron scattering spectroscopic techniques to investigations of properties of condensed matter which are of interest to nuclear engineers.

Subjects

Nuclear engineering | Nuclear engineering | photon | photon | neutron | neutron | scattering | scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | neutron sources | neutron sources | photon sources | photon sources | neutron scattering theory | neutron scattering theory | light and X-ray scattering theory | light and X-ray scattering theory | linear response theory | linear response theory | inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | photon correlation spectroscopy | photon correlation spectroscopy | inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy | inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy

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22.903 Photon and Neutron Scattering Spectroscopy and Its Applications in Condensed Matter (MIT)

Description

The purpose of this course is to discuss modern techniques of generation of x-ray photons and neutrons and then follow with selected applications of newly developed photon and neutron scattering spectroscopic techniques to investigations of properties of condensed matter which are of interest to nuclear engineers.

Subjects

Nuclear engineering | photon | neutron | scattering | spectroscopy | neutron sources | photon sources | neutron scattering theory | light and X-ray scattering theory | linear response theory | inelastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | quasielastic neutron scattering spectroscopy | photon correlation spectroscopy | inelastic X-ray scattering spectroscopy

License

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22.106 Neutron Interactions and Applications (MIT) 22.106 Neutron Interactions and Applications (MIT)

Description

This course is  a foundational study of the effects of single and multiple interactions on neutron distributions and their applications to problems across the Nuclear Engineering department - fission, fusion, and RST. Particle simulation methods are introduced to deal with complex processes that cannot be studied only experimentally or by numerical solutions of equations. Treatment will emphasize basic concepts and understanding, as well as showing the underlying scientific connections with current research areas. This course is  a foundational study of the effects of single and multiple interactions on neutron distributions and their applications to problems across the Nuclear Engineering department - fission, fusion, and RST. Particle simulation methods are introduced to deal with complex processes that cannot be studied only experimentally or by numerical solutions of equations. Treatment will emphasize basic concepts and understanding, as well as showing the underlying scientific connections with current research areas.

Subjects

neutron distributions | neutron distributions | fission | fission | fusion | fusion | RST | RST | Particle simulation methods | Particle simulation methods | complex processes | complex processes | numerical solutions of equations | numerical solutions of equations | basic concepts | basic concepts | underlying scientific connections | underlying scientific connections | current research areas | current research areas | angular distributions | angular distributions | energy distributions | energy distributions | single collision | single collision | multiple collisions | multiple collisions | neutron interactions | neutron interactions | elastic scattering | elastic scattering | inelastic scattering | inelastic scattering | MCNP | MCNP | Monte Carlo | Monte Carlo | molecular dynamics | molecular dynamics

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22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT) 22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT)

Description

This course is a graduate level subject on electromagnetic theory with particular emphasis on basics and applications to Nuclear Science and Engineering. The basic topics covered include electrostatics, magnetostatics, and electromagnetic radiation. The applications include transmission lines, waveguides, antennas, scattering, shielding, charged particle collisions, Bremsstrahlung radiation, and Cerenkov radiation. Acknowledgments Professor Freidberg would like to acknowledge the immense contributions made to this course by its previous instructors, Ian Hutchinson and Ron Parker. This course is a graduate level subject on electromagnetic theory with particular emphasis on basics and applications to Nuclear Science and Engineering. The basic topics covered include electrostatics, magnetostatics, and electromagnetic radiation. The applications include transmission lines, waveguides, antennas, scattering, shielding, charged particle collisions, Bremsstrahlung radiation, and Cerenkov radiation. Acknowledgments Professor Freidberg would like to acknowledge the immense contributions made to this course by its previous instructors, Ian Hutchinson and Ron Parker.

Subjects

electrostatics | electrostatics | coulomb's law | coulomb's law | gauss's law | gauss's law | potentials | potentials | laplace equations | laplace equations | poisson equations | poisson equations | capacitors | capacitors | resistors | resistors | child-langmuir law | child-langmuir law | magnetostatics | magnetostatics | ampere's law | ampere's law | biot-savart law | biot-savart law | magnets | magnets | inductors | inductors | superconducting magnets | superconducting magnets | single particle motion | single particle motion | lorentz force | lorentz force | quasi-statics | quasi-statics | faraday's law | faraday's law | maxwell equations | maxwell equations | plane waves | plane waves | reflection | reflection | refraction | refraction | klystrons | klystrons | gyrotrons | gyrotrons | lienard-wiechert potentials | lienard-wiechert potentials | thomson scattering | thomson scattering | compton scattering | compton scattering | synchrotron radiation | synchrotron radiation | bremsstrahlung radiation | bremsstrahlung radiation | cerenkov radiation | cerenkov radiation

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22.52J Statistical Thermodynamics of Complex Liquids (MIT) 22.52J Statistical Thermodynamics of Complex Liquids (MIT)

Description

This course explores the theory of self-assembly in surfactant-water (micellar) and surfactant-water-oil (micro-emulsion) systems. It also introduces the theory of polymer solutions, as well as scattering techniques, light, x-ray, and neutron scattering applied to studies of the structure and dynamics of complex liquids, and modern theory of the liquid state relevant to structured (supramolecular) liquids. This course explores the theory of self-assembly in surfactant-water (micellar) and surfactant-water-oil (micro-emulsion) systems. It also introduces the theory of polymer solutions, as well as scattering techniques, light, x-ray, and neutron scattering applied to studies of the structure and dynamics of complex liquids, and modern theory of the liquid state relevant to structured (supramolecular) liquids.

Subjects

self-assembly in surfactant-water (micellar) and surfactant-water-oil (micro-emulsion) systems | self-assembly in surfactant-water (micellar) and surfactant-water-oil (micro-emulsion) systems | theory of polymer solutions | theory of polymer solutions | scattering techniques | scattering techniques | light | light | x-ray | x-ray | and neutron scattering | and neutron scattering | complex liquids | complex liquids | modern theory of liquid state relevant to structured (supramolecular) liquids | modern theory of liquid state relevant to structured (supramolecular) liquids | 22.52 | 22.52 | 8.575 | 8.575 | 10.44 | 10.44

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22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT) 22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT)

Description

This course is a graduate level subject on electromagnetic theory with particular emphasis on basics and applications to Nuclear Science and Engineering. The basic topics covered include electrostatics, magnetostatics, and electromagnetic radiation. The applications include transmission lines, waveguides, antennas, scattering, shielding, charged particle collisions, Bremsstrahlung radiation, and Cerenkov radiation. Acknowledgments Professor Freidberg would like to acknowledge the immense contributions made to this course by its previous instructors, Ian Hutchinson and Ron Parker. This course is a graduate level subject on electromagnetic theory with particular emphasis on basics and applications to Nuclear Science and Engineering. The basic topics covered include electrostatics, magnetostatics, and electromagnetic radiation. The applications include transmission lines, waveguides, antennas, scattering, shielding, charged particle collisions, Bremsstrahlung radiation, and Cerenkov radiation. Acknowledgments Professor Freidberg would like to acknowledge the immense contributions made to this course by its previous instructors, Ian Hutchinson and Ron Parker.

Subjects

electrostatics | electrostatics | coulomb's law | coulomb's law | gauss's law | gauss's law | potentials | potentials | laplace equations | laplace equations | poisson equations | poisson equations | capacitors | capacitors | resistors | resistors | child-langmuir law | child-langmuir law | magnetostatics | magnetostatics | ampere's law | ampere's law | biot-savart law | biot-savart law | magnets | magnets | inductors | inductors | superconducting magnets | superconducting magnets | single particle motion | single particle motion | lorentz force | lorentz force | quasi-statics | quasi-statics | faraday's law | faraday's law | maxwell equations | maxwell equations | plane waves | plane waves | reflection | reflection | refraction | refraction | klystrons | klystrons | gyrotrons | gyrotrons | lienard-wiechert potentials | lienard-wiechert potentials | thomson scattering | thomson scattering | compton scattering | compton scattering | synchrotron radiation | synchrotron radiation | bremsstrahlung radiation | bremsstrahlung radiation | cerenkov radiation | cerenkov radiation

License

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8.422 Atomic and Optical Physics II (MIT) 8.422 Atomic and Optical Physics II (MIT)

Description

This is the second of a two-semester subject sequence beginning with Atomic and Optical Physics I (8.421) that provides the foundations for contemporary research in selected areas of atomic and optical physics. Topics covered include non-classical states of light, multi-photon processes, coherence, trapping and cooling, atomic interactions, and experimental methods. This is the second of a two-semester subject sequence beginning with Atomic and Optical Physics I (8.421) that provides the foundations for contemporary research in selected areas of atomic and optical physics. Topics covered include non-classical states of light, multi-photon processes, coherence, trapping and cooling, atomic interactions, and experimental methods.

Subjects

atomic | atomic | optical physics | optical physics | Non-classical states of light | Non-classical states of light | squeezed states | squeezed states | multi-photon processes | multi-photon processes | Raman scattering | Raman scattering | coherence | coherence | level crossings | level crossings | quantum beats | quantum beats | double resonance | double resonance | superradiance | superradiance | trapping and cooling | trapping and cooling | light forces | light forces | laser cooling | laser cooling | atom optics | atom optics | spectroscopy of trapped atoms and ions | spectroscopy of trapped atoms and ions | atomic interactions | atomic interactions | classical collisions | classical collisions | quantum scattering theory | quantum scattering theory | ultracold collisions | ultracold collisions | experimental methods | experimental methods

License

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22.51 Interaction of Radiation with Matter (MIT) 22.51 Interaction of Radiation with Matter (MIT)

Description

Basic principles of interaction of electromagnetic radiation, thermal neutrons, and charged particles with matter. Introduces classical electrodynamics, quantum theory of radiation, time-dependent perturbation theory, transition probabilities and cross sections describing interaction of various radiations with atomic systems. Applications include theory of nuclear magnetic resonance; Rayleigh, Raman, and Compton scattering; photoelectric effect; and use of thermal neutron scattering as a tool in condensed matter research. Basic principles of interaction of electromagnetic radiation, thermal neutrons, and charged particles with matter. Introduces classical electrodynamics, quantum theory of radiation, time-dependent perturbation theory, transition probabilities and cross sections describing interaction of various radiations with atomic systems. Applications include theory of nuclear magnetic resonance; Rayleigh, Raman, and Compton scattering; photoelectric effect; and use of thermal neutron scattering as a tool in condensed matter research.

Subjects

electromagnetic radiation | electromagnetic radiation | thermal neutrons | thermal neutrons | charged particles | charged particles | classical electrodynamics | classical electrodynamics | quantum theory | quantum theory | time-dependent perturbation theory | time-dependent perturbation theory | transition probabilities | transition probabilities | atomic systems | atomic systems | nuclear magnetic resonance | nuclear magnetic resonance | photoelectric effect | photoelectric effect | thermal neutron scattering | thermal neutron scattering | condensed matter research | condensed matter research

License

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2.57 Nano-to-Macro Transport Processes (MIT) 2.57 Nano-to-Macro Transport Processes (MIT)

Description

This course provides parallel treatments of photons, electrons, phonons, and molecules as energy carriers, aiming at fundamental understanding and descriptive tools for energy and heat transport processes from nanoscale continuously to macroscale. Topics include the energy levels, the statistical behavior and internal energy, energy transport in the forms of waves and particles, scattering and heat generation processes, Boltzmann equation and derivation of classical laws, deviation from classical laws at nanoscale and their appropriate descriptions, with applications in nano- and microtechnology. This course provides parallel treatments of photons, electrons, phonons, and molecules as energy carriers, aiming at fundamental understanding and descriptive tools for energy and heat transport processes from nanoscale continuously to macroscale. Topics include the energy levels, the statistical behavior and internal energy, energy transport in the forms of waves and particles, scattering and heat generation processes, Boltzmann equation and derivation of classical laws, deviation from classical laws at nanoscale and their appropriate descriptions, with applications in nano- and microtechnology.

Subjects

nanotechnology | nanotechnology | nanoscale | nanoscale | transport phenomena | transport phenomena | photons | photons | electrons | electrons | phonons | phonons | energy carriers | energy carriers | energy transport | energy transport | heat transport | heat transport | energy levels | energy levels | statistical behavior | statistical behavior | internal energy | internal energy | waves and particles | waves and particles | scattering | scattering | heat generation | heat generation | Boltzmann equation | Boltzmann equation | classical laws | classical laws | microtechnology | microtechnology | crystal | crystal | lattice | lattice | quantum oscillator | quantum oscillator | laudaurer | laudaurer | nanotube | nanotube | Louiville equation | Louiville equation | X-ray | X-ray | blackbody | blackbody | quantum well | quantum well | Fourier | Fourier | Newton | Newton | Ohm | Ohm | thermoelectric effect | thermoelectric effect | Brownian motion | Brownian motion | surface tension | surface tension | van der Waals potential. | van der Waals potential. | van der Waals potential | van der Waals potential

License

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22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics (MIT) 22.05 Neutron Science and Reactor Physics (MIT)

Description

This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point kinetics, and fission-product poisoning. We emphasize the nuclear physics basis of reactor design and its relationship to reactor engineering problems. This course introduces fundamental properties of the neutron. It covers reactions induced by neutrons, nuclear fission, slowing down of neutrons in infinite media, diffusion theory, the few-group approximation, point kinetics, and fission-product poisoning. We emphasize the nuclear physics basis of reactor design and its relationship to reactor engineering problems.

Subjects

reactor physics | reactor physics | reactor layout | reactor layout | binding energy | binding energy | fission | fission | neutron cross-sections | neutron cross-sections | liquid drop model | liquid drop model | neutron life cycle | neutron life cycle | criticality | criticality | accidents | accidents | neutron flux | neutron flux | neutron current | neutron current | neutron diffusion theory | neutron diffusion theory | elastic neutron scattering | elastic neutron scattering | group diffusion method | group diffusion method | subcritical multiplication | subcritical multiplication | point kinetics | point kinetics | dynamic period equation | dynamic period equation | inhour equation | inhour equation | shutdown margin | shutdown margin

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5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT) 5.069 Crystal Structure Analysis (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

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II "Junior Lab" (MIT) II "Junior Lab" (MIT)

Description

Junior Lab consists of two undergraduate courses in experimental physics. The courses are offered by the MIT Physics Department, and are usually taken by Juniors (hence the name). Officially, the courses are called Experimental Physics I and II and are numbered 8.13 for the first half, given in the fall semester, and 8.14 for the second half, given in the spring.The purposes of Junior Lab are to give students hands-on experience with some of the experimental basis of modern physics and, in the process, to deepen their understanding of the relations between experiment and theory, mostly in atomic and nuclear physics. Each term, students choose 5 different experiments from a list of 21 total labs. Junior Lab consists of two undergraduate courses in experimental physics. The courses are offered by the MIT Physics Department, and are usually taken by Juniors (hence the name). Officially, the courses are called Experimental Physics I and II and are numbered 8.13 for the first half, given in the fall semester, and 8.14 for the second half, given in the spring.The purposes of Junior Lab are to give students hands-on experience with some of the experimental basis of modern physics and, in the process, to deepen their understanding of the relations between experiment and theory, mostly in atomic and nuclear physics. Each term, students choose 5 different experiments from a list of 21 total labs.

Subjects

Junior Lab | Junior Lab | experimental | experimental | atomic | atomic | nuclear | nuclear | physics | physics | optics | optics | photoelectric effect | photoelectric effect | poisson | poisson | statistics | statistics | electromagnetic pulse | electromagnetic pulse | compton scattering | compton scattering | Franck-Hertz experiment | Franck-Hertz experiment | relativistic dynamics | relativistic dynamics | nuclear magnetic resonance | nuclear magnetic resonance | spin echoes | spin echoes | cosmic-ray muons | cosmic-ray muons | Rutherford Scattering | Rutherford Scattering | emission spectra | emission spectra | neutron physics | neutron physics | Johnson noise | Johnson noise | shot noise | shot noise | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | alpha decay | alpha decay | radio astrophysics | radio astrophysics | Zeeman effect | Zeeman effect | rubidium | rubidium | M?ssbauer | M?ssbauer | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | X-Ray physics | X-Ray physics | superconductivity | superconductivity | Doppler-free | Doppler-free | laser | laser

License

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5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT) 5.068 Physical Methods in Inorganic Chemistry (MIT)

Description

This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases. This course covers the following topics: X-ray diffraction: symmetry, space groups, geometry of diffraction, structure factors, phase problem, direct methods, Patterson methods, electron density maps, structure refinement, how to grow good crystals, powder methods, limits of X-ray diffraction methods, and structure data bases.

Subjects

crystallography | crystallography | inorganic chemistry | inorganic chemistry | physical methods | physical methods | crystal structure determination | crystal structure determination | 3D structure | 3D structure | x-ray crystallagraphy | x-ray crystallagraphy | diffraction | diffraction | x-rays | x-rays | symmetry | symmetry | phasing | phasing | crystal structure | crystal structure | symmetry operations | symmetry operations | crystal lattice | crystal lattice | structure refinement | structure refinement | electron density maps | electron density maps | space group determination | space group determination | anomalous scattering | anomalous scattering

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3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT) 3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre

Subjects

electron | electron | electronic properties | electronic properties | magnetism | magnetism | magentic properties | magentic properties | structure | structure | crystal | crystal | lattice | lattice | energy | energy | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | STM) | STM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | UV/Vis | UV/Vis | Raman spectroscopy | Raman spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | phonon | phonon | quantum | quantum | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | radiation | radiation | battery | battery | fuel cell | fuel cell | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetic | ferromagnetic | polymer | polymer | glass | glass | corrosion | corrosion

License

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22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT) 22.105 Electromagnetic Interactions (MIT)

Description

Principles and applications of electromagnetism, starting from Maxwell's equations, with emphasis on phenomena important to nuclear engineering and radiation sciences. Solution methods for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields. Charged particle motion in those fields. Particle acceleration and focussing. Collisions with charged particles and with atoms. Electromagnetic waves, wave emission by accelerated particles, Bremsstrahlung. Compton scattering. Photoionization. Elementary applications to ranging, shielding, imaging, and radiation effects. Principles and applications of electromagnetism, starting from Maxwell's equations, with emphasis on phenomena important to nuclear engineering and radiation sciences. Solution methods for electrostatic and magnetostatic fields. Charged particle motion in those fields. Particle acceleration and focussing. Collisions with charged particles and with atoms. Electromagnetic waves, wave emission by accelerated particles, Bremsstrahlung. Compton scattering. Photoionization. Elementary applications to ranging, shielding, imaging, and radiation effects.

Subjects

electromagnetism | | electromagnetism | | Maxwell's equations | | Maxwell's equations | | electrostatic fields | | electrostatic fields | | magnetostatic fields | | magnetostatic fields | | Charged particle motion | | Charged particle motion | | Particle acceleration | | Particle acceleration | | Electromagnetic waves | | Electromagnetic waves | | Bremsstrahlung | | Bremsstrahlung | | Compton scattering | | Compton scattering | | Photoionization | Photoionization

License

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12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT) 12.815 Atmospheric Radiation (MIT)

Description

This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition. This is an introduction to the physics of atmospheric radiation and remote sensing including use of computer codes. Subjects covered include: radiative transfer equation including emission and scattering, spectroscopy, Mie theory, and numerical solutions. We examine the solution of inverse problems in remote sensing of atmospheric temperature and composition.

Subjects

atmospheric radiation | atmospheric radiation | remote sensing | remote sensing | atmospheric physics | atmospheric physics | computer codes | computer codes | Radiative transfer equation | Radiative transfer equation | emission and scattering | emission and scattering | spectroscopy | spectroscopy | Mie theory | Mie theory | numerical solutions | numerical solutions | inverse problems | inverse problems | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric temperature | atmospheric composition | atmospheric composition

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13.811 Advanced Structural Dynamics and Acoustics (MIT) 13.811 Advanced Structural Dynamics and Acoustics (MIT)

Description

This course begins with the foundations of 3D elasticity, fluid and elastic wave equations, elastic and plastic waves in rods and beams, waves in plates, and dynamics and acoustics of cylindrical shells. The course considers acoustic fluids effects such as radiation and scattering by submerged plates and shells, and interaction between structural elements. Finally, it covers the response of plates and shells to high-intensity loads, dynamic plasticity and fracture, and structural damage caused by implosive and impact loads.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site. File decompression software, such as Winzip® or StuffIt®, is required to open the .zip files found on this course site. This course begins with the foundations of 3D elasticity, fluid and elastic wave equations, elastic and plastic waves in rods and beams, waves in plates, and dynamics and acoustics of cylindrical shells. The course considers acoustic fluids effects such as radiation and scattering by submerged plates and shells, and interaction between structural elements. Finally, it covers the response of plates and shells to high-intensity loads, dynamic plasticity and fracture, and structural damage caused by implosive and impact loads.Technical RequirementsMATLAB® software is required to run the .m files found on this course site. File decompression software, such as Winzip® or StuffIt®, is required to open the .zip files found on this course site.

Subjects

3D elasticity | 3D elasticity | wave equations | wave equations | elastic wave | elastic wave | plastic wave | plastic wave | plates | plates | shells | shells | cylindrical shells | cylindrical shells | submerged plates and shells | submerged plates and shells | high-intensity load | high-intensity load | dynamic plasticity | dynamic plasticity | fracture | fracture | implosive load | implosive load | impact load | impact load | radiation | radiation | harmonics | harmonics | scattering | scattering | spheres | spheres | waves | waves | cylinders | cylinders | 2.067 | 2.067

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8.851 Strong Interactions (MIT) 8.851 Strong Interactions (MIT)

Description

Strong Interactions is a course in the construction and application of effective field theories, which are a modern tool of choice in making predictions based on the Standard Model. Concepts such as matching, renormalization, the operator product expansion, power counting, and running with the renormalization group will be discussed. Topics will be taken from heavy quark decays and CP violation, factorization in hard processes (deep inelastic scattering and exclusive processes), non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD), chiral perturbation theory, few-nucleon systems, and possibly other Standard Model subjects. Strong Interactions is a course in the construction and application of effective field theories, which are a modern tool of choice in making predictions based on the Standard Model. Concepts such as matching, renormalization, the operator product expansion, power counting, and running with the renormalization group will be discussed. Topics will be taken from heavy quark decays and CP violation, factorization in hard processes (deep inelastic scattering and exclusive processes), non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD), chiral perturbation theory, few-nucleon systems, and possibly other Standard Model subjects.

Subjects

matching | matching | renormalization | renormalization | the operator product expansion | the operator product expansion | power counting | power counting | heavy quark decays | heavy quark decays | CP violation | CP violation | factorization in hard processes | factorization in hard processes | non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD) | non-relativistic bound states in field theory (QED and QCD) | chiral perturbation theory | chiral perturbation theory | few-nucleon systems | few-nucleon systems | strong force | strong force | quarks | quarks | relativistic quantum field theory | relativistic quantum field theory | quantum chromodynamics | quantum chromodynamics | QCD | QCD | QCD Langrangian | QCD Langrangian | asymptotic freedom | asymptotic freedom | deep inelastic scattering | deep inelastic scattering | jets | jets | QCD vacuum | QCD vacuum | instantons | instantons | U(1) proglem | U(1) proglem | lattice gauge theory | lattice gauge theory | strong interactions | strong interactions | standard model | standard model | operator product expansion | operator product expansion | factorization | factorization | hard processes | hard processes | exclusive processes | exclusive processes | non-relativistic bound states | non-relativistic bound states | QED | QED | massive particles | massive particles | effective field theory | effective field theory | soft-collinear effective theory | soft-collinear effective theory

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13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics (MIT) 13.853 Computational Ocean Acoustics (MIT)

Description

This course examines wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media, wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides, and Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for propagation in plane-stratified media. Also covered are Seismo-Acoustic modeling of seabeds and ice covers, seismic interface and surface waves in a stratified seabed, Parabolic Equation and Coupled Mode approaches to propagation in range-dependent ocean waveguides, numerical modeling of target scattering and reverberation clutter in ocean waveguides, and ocean ambient noise modeling. Students develop propagation models using all the numerical approaches relevant to state-of-the-art acoustic research. This course examines wave equations for fluid and visco-elastic media, wave-theory formulations of acoustic source radiation and seismo-acoustic propagation in stratified ocean waveguides, and Wavenumber Integration and Normal Mode methods for propagation in plane-stratified media. Also covered are Seismo-Acoustic modeling of seabeds and ice covers, seismic interface and surface waves in a stratified seabed, Parabolic Equation and Coupled Mode approaches to propagation in range-dependent ocean waveguides, numerical modeling of target scattering and reverberation clutter in ocean waveguides, and ocean ambient noise modeling. Students develop propagation models using all the numerical approaches relevant to state-of-the-art acoustic research.

Subjects

Wave equations | Wave equations | fluid and visco-elastic media | fluid and visco-elastic media | Wave-theory formulations | Wave-theory formulations | acoustic source radiation | acoustic source radiation | seismo-acoustic propagation | seismo-acoustic propagation | stratified ocean waveguides | stratified ocean waveguides | Wavenumber Integration | Wavenumber Integration | Normal Mode | Normal Mode | propagation in plane-stratified media | propagation in plane-stratified media | Seismo-Acoustic modeling | Seismo-Acoustic modeling | Seismic interface | Seismic interface | surface waves | surface waves | stratified seabed | stratified seabed | Parabolic Equation | Parabolic Equation | Coupled Mode | Coupled Mode | range-dependent ocean waveguides | range-dependent ocean waveguides | Numerical modeling | Numerical modeling | target scattering | target scattering | reverberation clutter | reverberation clutter | Ocean ambient noise modeling | Ocean ambient noise modeling | Fluid media | Fluid media | visco-elastic media | visco-elastic media | plane-stratified media | plane-stratified media | ice covers | ice covers | 2.068 | 2.068

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8.05 Quantum Physics II (MIT) 8.05 Quantum Physics II (MIT)

Description

This course, along with the next course in this sequence (8.06, Quantum Physics III) in a two-course sequence covering quantum physics with applications drawn from modern physics. General formalism of quantum mechanics: states, operators, Dirac notation, representations, measurement theory. Harmonic oscillator: operator algebra, states. Quantum mechanics in three-dimensions: central potentials and the radial equation, bound and scattering states, qualitative analysis of wavefunctions. Angular momentum: operators, commutator algebra, eigenvalues and eigenstates, spherical harmonics. Spin: Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements, nuclear magnetic resonance, spin and statistics. Addition of angular momentum: Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients, spin systems, and allotropic forms of hydrogen This course, along with the next course in this sequence (8.06, Quantum Physics III) in a two-course sequence covering quantum physics with applications drawn from modern physics. General formalism of quantum mechanics: states, operators, Dirac notation, representations, measurement theory. Harmonic oscillator: operator algebra, states. Quantum mechanics in three-dimensions: central potentials and the radial equation, bound and scattering states, qualitative analysis of wavefunctions. Angular momentum: operators, commutator algebra, eigenvalues and eigenstates, spherical harmonics. Spin: Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements, nuclear magnetic resonance, spin and statistics. Addition of angular momentum: Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients, spin systems, and allotropic forms of hydrogen

Subjects

General formalism of quantum mechanics: states | General formalism of quantum mechanics: states | operators | operators | Dirac notation | Dirac notation | representations | representations | measurement theory | measurement theory | Harmonic oscillator: operator algebra | Harmonic oscillator: operator algebra | states | states | Quantum mechanics in three-dimensions: central potentials and the radial equation | Quantum mechanics in three-dimensions: central potentials and the radial equation | bound and scattering states | bound and scattering states | qualitative analysis of wavefunctions | qualitative analysis of wavefunctions | Angular momentum: operators | Angular momentum: operators | commutator algebra | commutator algebra | eigenvalues and eigenstates | eigenvalues and eigenstates | spherical harmonics | spherical harmonics | Spin: Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements | Spin: Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements | nuclear magnetic resonance | nuclear magnetic resonance | spin and statistics | spin and statistics | Addition of angular momentum: Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients | Addition of angular momentum: Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients | spin systems | spin systems | allotropic forms of hydrogen | allotropic forms of hydrogen | Angular momentum | Angular momentum | Harmonic oscillator | Harmonic oscillator | operator algebra | operator algebra | Spin | Spin | Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements | Stern-Gerlach devices and measurements | central potentials and the radial equation | central potentials and the radial equation | Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients | Clebsch-Gordan series and coefficients | quantum physics | quantum physics

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8.07 Electromagnetism II (MIT) 8.07 Electromagnetism II (MIT)

Description

Survey of basic electromagnetic phenomena: electrostatics, magnetostatics, electromagnetic properties of matter. Time-dependent electromagnetic fields and Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves, emission, absorption, and scattering of radiation. Relativistic electrodynamics and mechanics. Survey of basic electromagnetic phenomena: electrostatics, magnetostatics, electromagnetic properties of matter. Time-dependent electromagnetic fields and Maxwell's equations. Electromagnetic waves, emission, absorption, and scattering of radiation. Relativistic electrodynamics and mechanics.

Subjects

electromagnetic phenomena | electromagnetic phenomena | electrostatics | electrostatics | magnetostatics | magnetostatics | electromagnetic properties of matter | electromagnetic properties of matter | Time-dependent electromagnetic fields and Maxwell's equations | Time-dependent electromagnetic fields and Maxwell's equations | Electromagnetic waves | Electromagnetic waves | emission | emission | absorption | absorption | scattering of radiation | scattering of radiation | Relativistic electrodynamics | Relativistic electrodynamics | mechanics | mechanics

License

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22.54 Neutron Interactions and Applications (MIT) 22.54 Neutron Interactions and Applications (MIT)

Description

Comprehensive treatment of neutron interactions in condensed matter at energies from thermal to MeV, focusing on aspects most relevant to radiation therapy, industrial imaging, and materials research applications. Comparative assessment of accelerator and reactor sources, cross sections for capture and charged particle emission, theory of elastic scattering and thermalization, optics and small-angle scattering, static and dynamic structure factors, transport calculations and particle simulations. Term paper and presentation required. Comprehensive treatment of neutron interactions in condensed matter at energies from thermal to MeV, focusing on aspects most relevant to radiation therapy, industrial imaging, and materials research applications. Comparative assessment of accelerator and reactor sources, cross sections for capture and charged particle emission, theory of elastic scattering and thermalization, optics and small-angle scattering, static and dynamic structure factors, transport calculations and particle simulations. Term paper and presentation required.

Subjects

neutrons | | neutrons | | neutron transport | | neutron transport | | thermal neutron scattering | | thermal neutron scattering | | criticality | | criticality | | neutron diffusion | | neutron diffusion | | bionuclear applications | | bionuclear applications | | industrial applications | industrial applications

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8.04 Quantum Physics I (MIT) 8.04 Quantum Physics I (MIT)

Description

Experimental basis of Quantum Physics: photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, photons, Franck-Hertz experiment, the Bohr atom, electron diffraction, De Broglie waves, and wave-particle duality of matter and light. Introduction to wave mechanics: Schroedinger's equation, wave functions, wave packets, probability amplitudes, stationary states, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and zero-point energies. Solutions to Schroedinger's equation in one dimension: transmission and reflection at a barrier, barrier penetration, potential wells, the simple harmonic oscillator. Schroedinger's equation in three dimensions: central potentials, and introduction to hydrogenic systems. Experimental basis of Quantum Physics: photoelectric effect, Compton scattering, photons, Franck-Hertz experiment, the Bohr atom, electron diffraction, De Broglie waves, and wave-particle duality of matter and light. Introduction to wave mechanics: Schroedinger's equation, wave functions, wave packets, probability amplitudes, stationary states, the Heisenberg uncertainty principle, and zero-point energies. Solutions to Schroedinger's equation in one dimension: transmission and reflection at a barrier, barrier penetration, potential wells, the simple harmonic oscillator. Schroedinger's equation in three dimensions: central potentials, and introduction to hydrogenic systems.

Subjects

quantum physics: photoelectric effect | quantum physics: photoelectric effect | Compton scattering | Compton scattering | photons | photons | Franck-Hertz experiment | Franck-Hertz experiment | the Bohr atom | the Bohr atom | electron diffraction | electron diffraction | deBroglie waves | deBroglie waves | wave-particle duality of matter and light | wave-particle duality of matter and light | wave mechanics: Schroedinger's equation | wave mechanics: Schroedinger's equation | wave functions | wave functions | wave packets | wave packets | probability amplitudes | probability amplitudes | stationary states | stationary states | the Heisenberg uncertainty principle | the Heisenberg uncertainty principle | zero-point energies | zero-point energies | transmission and reflection at a barrier | transmission and reflection at a barrier | barrier penetration | barrier penetration | potential wells | potential wells | simple harmonic oscillator | simple harmonic oscillator | Schroedinger's equation in three dimensions: central potentials | Schroedinger's equation in three dimensions: central potentials | introduction to hydrogenic systems | introduction to hydrogenic systems | De Broglie waves | De Broglie waves

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5.111 Principles of Chemical Science (MIT) 5.111 Principles of Chemical Science (MIT)

Description

This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules. The emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Development and implementation of the biology-related materials in this course were funded through an HHMI Professors grant to Prof. Catherine L. Drennan. This course provides an introduction to the chemistry of biological, inorganic, and organic molecules. The emphasis is on basic principles of atomic and molecular electronic structure, thermodynamics, acid-base and redox equilibria, chemical kinetics, and catalysis. In an effort to illuminate connections between chemistry and biology, a list of the biology-, medicine-, and MIT research-related examples used in 5.111 is provided in Biology-Related Examples. Acknowledgements Development and implementation of the biology-related materials in this course were funded through an HHMI Professors grant to Prof. Catherine L. Drennan.

Subjects

introductory chemistry | introductory chemistry | atomic structure | atomic structure | molecular electronic structure | molecular electronic structure | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | acid-base equillibrium | acid-base equillibrium | titration | titration | redox | redox | chemical kinetics | chemical kinetics | catalysis | catalysis | lewis structures | lewis structures | VSEPR theory | VSEPR theory | wave-particle duality | wave-particle duality | biochemistry | biochemistry | orbitals | orbitals | periodic trends | periodic trends | general chemistry | general chemistry | valence bond theory | valence bond theory | hybridization | hybridization | free energy | free energy | reaction mechanism | reaction mechanism | Rutherford backscattering | Rutherford backscattering

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3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT) 3.014 Materials Laboratory (MIT)

Description

This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre This course is a required sophomore subject in the Department of Materials Science and Engineering, designed to be taken in conjunction with the core lecture subject 3.012 Fundamentals of Materials Science and Engineering. The laboratory subject combines experiments illustrating the principles of quantum mechanics, thermodynamics and structure with intensive oral and written technical communication practice. Specific topics include: experimental exploration of the connections between energetics, bonding and structure of materials, and application of these principles in instruments for materials characterization; demonstration of the wave-like nature of electrons; hands-on experience with techniques to quantify energy (DSC), bonding (XPS, AES, FTIR, UV/Vis and force spectroscopy), and degre

Subjects

electron | electron | electronic properties | electronic properties | magnetism | magnetism | magentic properties | magentic properties | structure | structure | crystal | crystal | lattice | lattice | energy | energy | thermodynamics | thermodynamics | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | x-ray diffraction (XRD) | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | scanning probe microscopy (AFM | STM) | STM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | scanning electron microscopy (SEM) | UV/Vis | UV/Vis | Raman spectroscopy | Raman spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | FTIR spectroscopy | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | vibrating sample magnetometry (VSM) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | dynamic light scattering (DLS) | phonon | phonon | quantum | quantum | quantum mechanics | quantum mechanics | radiation | radiation | battery | battery | fuel cell | fuel cell | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetism | ferromagnetic | ferromagnetic | polymer | polymer | glass | glass | corrosion | corrosion

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